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  1. Michael Murray, Do Objective Ethical Norms Need Theistic Grounding?
    Recent Christian reflection on the relation of religion and ethics has focused a great deal on establishing a conception of ethics in which God plays a central role. The numerous attempts to respond to Plato's "Euthyphro Dilemma" and the various defenses of the divine command theory provide two examples of this phenomenon. But much of this ethical reflection has gone on in a way that is largely “defensive.” That is, those engaged in such discussions typically describe an ethical theory which (...)
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  2. Michael Murray, Does Prayer Change Things?
    The belief that God responds to prayer is widespread. According to a recent Newsweek survey 87% of Americans said that they believe that God answers prayers. In fact, they believe so heartily in the efficacy of prayer that nearly one third of those polled said that they prayed to God more than once a day. What is even more interesting about this belief among ordinary Americans is that it has been denied by so many theologians. One might think such denials (...)
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  3. Michael Murray, Four Arguments That the Cognitive Psychology of Religion Undermines the Justification of Religious Belief.
    Over the last decade a handful of cognitive models of religious belief have begun to coalesce in the literature. Attempts to offer “scientific explanations of religious belief ” are nothing new, stretching back at least as far as David Hume, and perhaps as far back as Cicero. What is also not new is a belief that scientific explanations of religious belief serve in some way to undermine the justification for those beliefs.
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  4. Michael Murray, Pure Omissions, Responsibility, and Character.
    Many defenders of libertarianism have, in recent years, come to endorse the idea that free agents are rarely able to choose otherwise than they do.1 These libertarians argue that it is often true that the beliefs and desires, or the character of a free agent are sufficient to render numerous possible choice-alternatives ineligible for the agent having them. In fact, they claim, it is frequently the case that beliefs, desires, character, etc. are sufficient to narrow the eligible alternatives to a (...)
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  5. Michael Murray, Seek and You Will Find.
    During the spring of 1983 I began my third semester in college giving serious consideration to the thought of becoming a philosophy major. I had taken a few courses and found the subject intriguing. More influential in my own considerations was the fact that I had recently converted to Christianity and had been encouraged by some early mentors in the faith to read the works of various Christian philosophers both contemporary and classical. One evening that semester I was studying for (...)
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  6. Michael Murray, The God's I Point of View.
    Recent non-representationalists and metaphysical anti-realists (such as Goodman, Putnam, Rorty, etc.) have argued that the “Enlightenment notion” of a “God’s eye” point of view of the world is unsustainable. Deployment of conceptual schemes and/or intersubjective assent both constitute the world and fix the truth value of our statements about it. Many theists, on the contrary, hold an equally extreme realist position according to which God has a view of the world as it is “in itself" which provides (...)
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  7. Michael Murray, Who's Afraid of Religion?
    And in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
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  8. Michael J. Murray (2009). Coercion and the Hiddennessofgod. In Kevin Timpe (ed.), Arguing About Religion. Routledge. 282.
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  9. Michael J. Murray (2009). Scientific Explanations of Religion and the Justification of Religious Belief. In Michael J. Murray & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.), The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion. Oxford University Press. 168.
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  10. Michael J. Murray & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.) (2009/2010). The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion. Oxford University Press.
    Over the last two decades, scientific accounts of religion have received a great deal of scholarly and popular attention both because of their intrinsic interest and because they are widely as constituting a threat to the religion they analyse. The Believing Primate aims to describe and discuss these scientific accounts as well as to assess their implications. The volume begins with essays by leading scientists in the field, describing these accounts and discussing evidence in their favour. Philosophical and theological reflections (...)
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  11. Jeffrey P. Schloss & Michael J. Murray (2009). You Can't Always Get What You Want: Evolution and True Beliefs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):533-534.
    McKay & Dennett (M&D) convincingly argue against many proposals for adaptively functioning misbelief, but the conclusion that true beliefs are generally adaptive does not follow. Adaptive misbeliefs may be few in kind but many in number; maladaptive misbeliefs may routinely elude selective pruning; reproductively neutral misbeliefs may abound; and adaptively grounded beliefs may reliably covary with but not truthfully represent reality.
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  12. Jeffrey Schloss & Michael J. Murray (eds.) (2009/2010). The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion. Oxford University Press.
    Over the last two decades, scientific accounts of religion have received a great deal of scholarly and popular attention both because of their intrinsic interest and because they are widely as constituting a threat to the religion they analyse. The Believing Primate aims to describe and discuss these scientific accounts as well as to assess their implications. The volume begins with essays by leading scientists in the field, describing these accounts and discussing evidence in their favour. Philosophical and theological reflections (...)
     
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  13. Michael Murray, Leibniz on the Problem of Evil. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  14. Michael Murray, Philosophy and Christian Theology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  15. Michael J. Murray (2008). Leibniz - by Nicholas Jolley. Philosophical Books 49 (1):50-52.
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  16. Michael J. Murray (2008). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. Cambridge University Press.
    Attributes of God : independence, goodness, and power -- Attributes of God : eternity, knowledge, and providence -- God triune and incarnate -- Faith and rationality -- Theistic arguments -- Anti-theistic arguments -- Religion and science -- Religion, morality, and politics -- Mind, body, and immortality.
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  17. Michael J. Murray (2008). Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering. Oxford University Press.
    Problems of and explanations for evil -- Neo-cartesianism -- Animal suffering and the fall -- Nobility, flourishing, and immortality : animal pain and animal well-being -- Natural evil, nomic regularity, and animal suffering -- Chaos, order, and evolution -- Combining CDs.
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  18. Michael J. Murray (2008). Theodicy. In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
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  19. Michael Murray (2006). Neo-Cartesianism and the Problem of Animal Suffering. Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):169-190.
    The existence and extent of animal suffering provides grounds for a serious evidential challenge to theism. In the wake of the Darwinian revolution, this strain of natural atheology has taken on substantially greater significance. In this essay we argue that there are at least four neo-Cartesian views on the nature of animal minds which would serve to deflect this evidential challenge.
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  20. Michael J. Murray (2006). Leibniz and His Correspondents. The Leibniz Review 16:105-112.
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  21. Michael J. Murray (2006). Natural Providence: Reply to Dembski. Faith and Philosophy 23 (3):337.
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  22. Michael J. Murray (2005). Introduction. Faith and Philosophy 22 (5):515-520.
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  23. Michael J. Murray (2005). Spontaneity and Freedom in Leibniz. In Donald Rutherford & J. A. Cover (eds.), Leibniz: Nature and Freedom. Oxford University Press. 194--216.
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  24. Michael J. Murray (2004). Pre-Leibnizian Moral Necessity. The Leibniz Review 14:1-28.
    The mature Leibniz frequently uses the phrase “moral necessity” in the context of discussing free choice. In this essay I provide a seventeenth century geneology of the phrase. I show that the doctrine of moral necessity was developed by scholastic philosophers who sought to retain a robust notion of freedom while purging bruteness from their systems. Two sorts of bruteness were special targets. The first is metaphysical bruteness, according to which contingent events or states of affairs occur without a sufficient (...)
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  25. Michael J. Murray (2003). Leibniz's Metaphysics. Philosophical Review 112 (2):270-273.
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  26. Michael J. Murray (2003). Natural Providence (Or Design Trouble). Faith and Philosophy 20 (3):307-327.
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  27. Michael J. Murray (2002). Deus absconditus. In Daniel Howard-Snyder & Paul K. Moser (eds.), Divine Hiddenness: New Essays. Cambridge University Press. 63.
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  28. Michael J. Murray (2002). Leibniz's Proposal for Theological Reconciliation Among the Protestants. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):623-646.
    Between 1701 and 1705 Leibniz focused on the task of securing theological reunion between Lutherans and Calvinists, the two major Protestant sects at the time. Doing so, he believed, required reconciliation on two key topics, namely, the doctrine of the Eucharist, and the doctrine of election. To bring unity on the second issue, Leibniz composed a lengthy treatise based on a commentary on the Thirty-nine articles of the Church of England. This treatise stakes out a position springing from Leibniz’s own (...)
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  29. Michael J. Murray (2002). Review of Peter Geach, Truth and Hope: The Furst Franz Josef Und Furstin Gina Lectures Delivered at the International Academy of Philosophy, 1998. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (2).
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  30. Michael J. Murray (2002). The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. The Leibniz Review 12:103-106.
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  31. Michael J. Murray (2000). Critical Review of Cover and Hawthorne on Leibnizian Modality. The Leibniz Review 10:73-86.
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  32. Michael Murray (1999). Heaven and Hell. In , Reason for the Hope Within. Eerdmans. 289--317.
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  33. Michael Murray (ed.) (1999). Reason for the Hope Within. Eerdmans.
    This volume is required reading for those seeking a compelling defense of the Christian faith.
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  34. Michael Murray (1999). ``Three Versions of Universalism&Quot. Faith and Philosophy 16:55--68.
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  35. Michael J. Murray (1999). Alternative Perspectives. In Eleonore Stump & Michael J. Murray (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. Blackwell Publishers. 6--241.
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  36. Michael J. Murray (1999). Three Versions of Universalism. Faith and Philosophy 16 (1):55-68.
    In recent years a number of sophisticated versions of soteriological universalism have appeared in the literature. In this essay I offer some critical retlections them. In particular, I argue that universalism offers no explanation for the fact that God puts human creatures through the earthly life, and that if there is no such reason then the earthly life and the evil it contains are both gratuitous. Finally, I argue that universalists are obliged to deny that human beings have a centrally (...)
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  37. Eleonore Stump & Michael J. Murray (eds.) (1999). Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. Blackwell Publishers.
     
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  38. Jesse Kalin, Michael McCarthy, Mitchell Miller & Michael Murray (1997). Vernon Venable 1906-1996. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 70 (5):164 - 166.
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  39. Michael Murray (1996). Intellect, Will, and Freedom. The Leibniz Review 6:25-59.
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  40. Michael J. Murray (1996). Leibniz. Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):426-435.
  41. Are Coerced Acts Free & Michael J. Murray (1995). Non-Intentional Actions, DAVID K. CHAN. American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2).
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  42. Michael J. Murray (1995). Leibniz on Divine Foreknowledge of Future Contingents and Human Freedom. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):75-108.
  43. Michael J. Murray & David F. Dudrick (1995). Are Coerced Acts Free? American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2):109 - 123.
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  44. Michael J. Murray (1994). Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz. The Leibniz Review 4:2-5.
  45. Michael J. Murray (1994). Intellect, Will, and Freedom in Leibniz. The Leibniz Review 4:11-12.
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  46. Michael J. Murray & Kurt Meyers (1994). Ask and It Will Be Given to You. Religious Studies 30 (3):311 - 330.
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  47. Michael J. Murray (1993). Coercion and the Hiddenness of God. American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (1):27 - 38.
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  48. Michael Murray (1989). Ingarden and the End of Phenomenological Aesthetics. Research in Phenomenology 19 (1):171-179.
  49. Michael Murray (1988). Husserl and Heidegger: Constructing and Deconstructing Greek Philosophy. Review of Metaphysics 41 (3):501 - 518.
  50. Roberta E. Mattison, Curtis W. McIntyre, Alan S. Brown & Michael E. Murray (1986). An Analysis of Visual-Motor Problems in Learning Disabled Children. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (1):51-54.
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