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Michael J. Russell [3]Michael Russell [1]
  1.  38
    Michael J. Russell (2007). The Alkaline Solution to the Emergence of Life: Energy, Entropy and Early Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 55 (2):133-179.
    The Earth agglomerates and heats. Convection cells within the planetary interior expedite the cooling process. Volcanoes evolve steam, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and pyrophosphate. An acidulous Hadean ocean condenses from the carbon dioxide atmosphere. Dusts and stratospheric sulfurous smogs absorb a proportion of the Sun’s rays. The cooled ocean leaks into the stressed crust and also convects. High temperature acid springs, coupled to magmatic plumes and spreading centers, emit iron, manganese, zinc, cobalt and nickel ions to the ocean. Away from (...)
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  2.  24
    Michael Russell (1998). What Are Philosophers Good For? The Philosophers' Magazine 3 (3):39-42.
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  3.  4
    Wolfgang Nitschke & Michael J. Russell (2012). Redox Bifurcations: Mechanisms and Importance to Life Now, and at its Origin. Bioessays 34 (2):106-109.
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  4. Michael J. Russell (2009). The Alkaline Solution to the Emergence of Life: Energy, Entropy and Early Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (3):389-394.
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