8 found
Sort by:
Disambiguations:
Michael Smithson [6]Michael J. Smithson [2]
See also:
Profile: Michael Smithson (Australian National University)
  1. Alan Hájek & Michael Smithson (2012). Rationality and Indeterminate Probabilities. Synthese 187 (1):33-48.
    We argue that indeterminate probabilities are not only rationally permissible for a Bayesian agent, but they may even be rationally required . Our first argument begins by assuming a version of interpretivism: your mental state is the set of probability and utility functions that rationalize your behavioral dispositions as well as possible. This set may consist of multiple probability functions. Then according to interpretivism, this makes it the case that your credal state is indeterminate. Our second argument begins with our (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Michael Smithson (2011). How Many Alternatives? Partitions Pose Problems for Predictions and Diagnoses. Social Epistemology 23 (3):347-360.
    This paper focuses on one matter that poses a problem for both human judges and standard probability frameworks, namely the assumption of a unique (privileged) and complete partition of the state-space of possible events. This is tantamount to assuming that we know all possible outcomes or alternatives in advance of making a decision, but it is clear that there are many practical situations in prediction, diagnosis, and decision-making where such partitions are contestable and/or incomplete. The paper begins by surveying the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Michael J. Smithson (2008). Social Theories of Ignorance. In Robert N. Proctor & Londa Schiebinger (eds.), Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance. Stanford University Press Stanford, California 209--229.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Michael Smithson (2006). Scale Construction From a Decisional Viewpoint. Minds and Machines 16 (3):339-364.
    Many quantitative scales are constructed using cutoffs on a continuum with scores assigned to the cutoffs. This paper develops a framework for using or constructing such scales from a decision-making standpoint. It addresses questions such as: How many distinct thresholds or cutoffs on a scale (i.e., what levels of granularity) are useful for a rational agent? Where should these thresholds be placed given a rational agent’s preferences and risk-orientation? Do scale score assignments have any bearing on decision-making and if so, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Joseph P. Reser & Michael J. Smithson (1988). When Ignorance is Adaptive: Not Knowing About the Nuclear Threat. Knowledge in Society 1 (4):7-27.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Michael Smithson (1985). Toward a Social Theory of Ignorance. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 15 (2):151–172.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Michael Smithson (1982). Models for Fuzzy Nominal Data. Theory and Decision 14 (1):51-74.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Michael Smithson (1980). Interests and the Growth of Uncertainty. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 10 (3):157–168.
    The sociology of knowledge and related work in social psychology have been biased towards overvaluing shared perspectives and the attainment of certainty. This paper moves to fill a theoretical gap created by relative inattention to the roles of nonshared perspectives and uncertainty by outlining a middle-range theory of the connections between human interests and uncertainty. It is proposed that individuals and groups find instrumental uses for uncertainty, just as they do for other states of mind, and that these uses arise (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation