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Michael Tooley [84]Michael James Tooley [1]
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Profile: Michael Tooley (University of Colorado, Boulder)
Profile: Michael Tooley (University of Colorado, Boulder)
  1. Michael Tooley (1997). Time, Tense, and Causation. Oxford University Press.
    Michael Tooley presents a major new philosophical theory of the nature of time, offering a powerful alternative to the traditional "tensed" and recent "tenseless" accounts of time. He argues for a dynamic conception of the universe, in which past, present, and future are not merely subjective features of experience. He claims that the past and the present are real, while the future is not. Tooley's approach accounts for time in terms of causation. He therefore claims that the key to understanding (...)
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  2. Michael Tooley (1972). Abortion and Infanticide. Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (1):37-65.
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  3. Michael Tooley (1977). The Nature of Laws. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (4):667-98.
    This paper is concerned with the question of the truth conditions of nomological statements. My fundamental thesis is that it is possible to set out an acceptable, noncircular account of the truth conditions of laws and nomological statements if and only if relations among universals - that is, among properties and relations, construed realistically - are taken as the truth-makers for such statements. My discussion will be restricted to strictly universal, nonstatistical laws. The reason for this limitation is not that (...)
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  4. Michael Tooley (1987). Causation: A Realist Approach. Oxford University Press.
    Tooley here sets out and defends realist accounts of traditional empiricist explanations of causation and laws of nature, arguing that since reductionist accounts of causation are exposed to decisive objections, empiricists must break with that tradition.
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  5. Michael Tooley (1997). Time, Tense, and Causation. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Michael Tooley presents a major new philosophical study of time and its relation to causation. The nature of time has always been one of the most fascinating and perplexing problems of philosophy; it has in recent years become the focus of vigorous debate between advocates of rival theories. The traditional, `tensed' accounts of time which hold that time has a direction and that the flow of time is part of the nature of the universe have been challenged by `tenseless' accounts (...)
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  6. Michael Tooley (2002). Backward Causation and the Stalnaker-Lewis Approach to Counterfactuals. Analysis 62 (3):191–197.
  7.  50
    Michael Tooley (1988). In Defense of the Existence of States of Motion. Philosophical Topics 16 (1):225-254.
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  8.  95
    Michael Tooley (2008). The Problem of Evil. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  9.  14
    Michael Tooley (2013). Michael Huemer and the Principle of Phenomenal Conservatism. In Chris Tucker (ed.), Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism. OUP Usa 306.
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  10. Michael Tooley (1997). Laws of Nature. Philosophical Review 106 (1):119-121.
  11. Michael Tooley (2009). Causation. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge
    This volume presents a selection of the most influential recent discussions of the crucial metaphysical questions: what is it for one event to cause another? The subject of causation bears on many topics, such as time, explanation, mental states, the laws of nature, and the philosphy of science.
     
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  12.  83
    Michael Tooley (2003). The Stalnaker-Lewis Approach to Counterfactuals. Journal of Philosophy 100 (7):371 - 377.
  13. Michael Tooley (2010). Farewell to Mctaggart's Argument? Philosophia 38 (2):243-255.
    Philosophers have responded to McTaggart’s famous argument for the unreality of time in a variety of ways. Some of those responses are not easy to evaluate, since they involve, for example, sometimes murky questions concerning whether a certain infinite regress is or is not vicious. In this paper I set out a response that has not, I think, been advanced by any other author, and which, if successful, is absolutely clear-cut. The basic idea is simply that a tensed approach to (...)
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  14. Bas C. Van Fraassen & Michael Tooley (1995). Laws and Symmetry. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):280.
     
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  15. Michael Tooley, Alison M. Jaggar, Philip E. Devine & Celia Wolf-Devine (2009). Abortion: Three Perspectives. OUP Usa.
    The newest addition to the Point/Counterpoint Series, Abortion: Three Perspectives features a debate between four noted philosophers - Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine, and Alison M. Jaggar - presenting different perspectives on one of the most socially and politically argued issues of the past 30 years. The three main arguments include the "liberal" pro-choice approach, the "communitarian" pro-life approach, and the "gender justice" approach. Divided into two parts, the text features the authors' ideas, developed in depth, and their (...)
     
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  16. Michael Tooley (1981). Plantinga's Defence of the Ontological Argument. Mind 90 (359):422-427.
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  17.  25
    Michael Tooley (2003). The Stalnaker-Lewis Approach to Counterfactuals. Journal of Philosophy 100 (7):371 - 377.
  18.  87
    Michael Tooley (1991). The Argument From Evil. Philosophical Perspectives 5:89-134.
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  19. Ernest Sosa & Michael Tooley (eds.) (1993). Causation. Oxford University Press.
    This volume presents a selection of the most influential recent discussions of the crucial metaphysical question: What is it for one event to cause another? The subject of causation bears on many topics, such as time, explanation, mental states, the laws of nature, and the philosophy of science. Contributors include J.L Mackie, Michael Scriven, Jaegwon Kim, G.E.M. Anscombe, G.H. von Wright, C.J. Ducasse, Wesley C. Salmon, David Lewis, Paul Horwich, Jonathan Bennett, Ernest Sosa, and Michael Tooley.
     
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  20.  5
    Alvin Plantingaand & Michael Tooley (2009). Knowledge of God. [REVIEW] Analysis 69 (3):591-592.
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  21.  60
    Michael Tooley (1990). Causation: Reductionism Versus Realism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:215-236.
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  22.  83
    Michael Tooley (1980). Alvin Plantinga and the Argument From Evil. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (4):360 – 376.
    Among the central theses defended in this paper are the following. First, the logical incompatibility version of the argument from evil is not one of the crucial versions, and Plantinga, in fostering the illusion that it is, seriously misrepresents claims advanced by other philosophers. Secondly, Plantinga’s arguments against the thesis that the existence of any evil at all is logically incompatible with God’s existence. Thirdly, Plantinga’s attempt to demonstrate that the existence of a certain amount of evil in the world (...)
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  23.  56
    Michael Tooley (2001). Functional Concepts, Referentially Opaque Contexts, Causal Relations, and the Definition of Theoretical Terms. Philosophical Studies 105 (3):251-79.
    In his recent article, ``Self-Consciousness', George Bealer has set outa novel and interesting argument against functionalism in the philosophyof mind. I shall attempt to show, however, that Bealer's argument cannotbe sustained.In arguing for this conclusion, I shall be defending three main theses.The first is connected with the problem of defining theoreticalpredicates that occur in theories where the following two features arepresent: first, the theoretical predicate in question occurswithin both extensional and non-extensional contexts; secondly, thetheory in question asserts that the relevant (...)
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  24.  29
    Michael Tooley (1990). The Nature of Causation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (Supplement):271-322.
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  25.  5
    Michael Tooley (1990). The Nature of Causation: A Singularist Account. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (sup1):271-322.
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  26.  26
    Michael Tooley (1998). Value, Obligation and the Asymmetry Question. Bioethics 12 (2):111–124.
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  27. Michael Tooley (2003). Causation and Supervenience. In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press 386-434.
     
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  28. Alvin Plantinga & Michael Tooley (2009). Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley: Knowledge of God. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (2):105-107.
     
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  29. Michael Tooley & Laura Purdy (1974). Is Abortion Murder? In Robert L. Perkins (ed.), Abortion: Pro and Con. Schenkman
     
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  30.  24
    Michael Tooley (1972). Armstrong's Proof of the Realist Account of Dispositional Properties. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):283 – 287.
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  31. Michael Tooley (2008). Does God Exist? In Alvin Plantinga (ed.), Knowledge of God. Blackwell Pub.
     
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  32.  2
    Nancy Davis & Michael Tooley (1985). Abortion and Infanticide. Philosophical Review 94 (3):436.
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  33.  2
    Michael Tooley (1997). Laws of Nature. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 106 (1):119.
  34.  38
    Michael Tooley (2000). Freedom and Foreknowledge. Faith and Philosophy 17 (2):212-224.
    In her book, The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge, Linda Zagzebski suggests that among the strongest ways of supporting the thesis that libertarian free will is incompatible with divine foreknowledge is what she refers to as the Accidental Necessity argument. Zagzebski contends, however, that at least three satisfactory responses to that argument are available.I argue that two of the proposed solutions are open to strong objections, and that the third, although it may very well handle the specific versions of the (...)
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  35. Michael Tooley (1988). In Defense of the Existence of States of Motion in Metaphysics. Philosophical Topics 16 (1):225-254.
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  36.  29
    Michael Tooley (1970). Does the Cosmological Argument Entail the Ontological Argument? The Monist 54 (3):416-426.
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  37. Michael Tooley (2012). Plantinga’s New Argument Against Materialism. Philosophia Christi 14 (1):29-48.
     
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  38. Michael Tooley (2004). Probability and Causation. In Phil Dowe & Paul Noordhof (eds.), Cause and Chance: Causation in an Indeterministic World. Routledge
  39.  26
    Michael Tooley (1992). The Deconstruction of Time. Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):645-646.
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  40.  11
    Michael Tooley (1989). Appearance and Reality. Review of Metaphysics 43 (1):164-166.
  41.  30
    Michael Tooley (1984). Laws and Causal Relations. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):93-112.
    How are causal relations between particular states of affairs related to causal laws? There appear to be three main answers to this question, and the choice among those three alternatives would seem to be crucial for any account of causation. In spite of this fact, the question of which view is correct has been all but totally neglected in present-day discussions. Indeed, since the time of Hume, one answer has more or less dominated philosophical thinking about causation. In this paper (...)
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  42.  2
    Michael Tooley (1976). Critical Notice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):339-357.
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  43.  13
    Michael Tooley (1991). Fact and Method. Review of Metaphysics 45 (2):416-418.
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  44.  12
    E. J. Lowe, Evan Fales, Galen Strawson & Michael Tooley (1991). Causation and Universals.The Secret Connexion: Causation, Realism, and David Hume.Causation: A Realist Approach. Philosophical Quarterly 41 (165):494.
  45.  11
    Michael Tooley (2014). Solutions to the New Threats to Academic Freedom? Bioethics 28 (4):163-165.
    In my commentary on Francesca Minerva's article ‘New Threats to Academic Freedom’, I agree with her contention that the existence of the Internet has given rise to new and very serious threats to academic freedom. I think that it is crucial that we confront those threats, and find ways to eliminate them, which I believe can be done. The threats in question involve both authors and editors. In the case of authors, I argue that the best solution is not anonymous (...)
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  46.  8
    Michael Tooley (1992). Natural Agency. Review of Metaphysics 45 (4):846-847.
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  47.  10
    Michael Tooley (2009). A Philosophical Journey. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 83 (2):97 - 115.
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  48. Michael Tooley (1995). Voluntary Euthanasia: Active Versus Passive, and the Question of Consistency. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 49 (193):305-322.
     
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  49.  7
    Michael Tooley (forthcoming). Moral sexual: algumas perspectivas. Critica.
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  50.  12
    Michael Tooley (1995). Essays in Quasi-Realism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 48 (3):643-645.
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