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  1.  85
    Michael Wreen (1980). Counterfeit Coins and Forged Paintings: Caveat Emptor. Analysis 40 (3):146 - 151.
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  2. Hye-Kyung Kim & Michael Wreen (2003). Relativism, Absolutism, and Tolerance. Metaphilosophy 34 (4):447-459.
  3.  98
    Michael J. Wreen (1986). What's Really Wrong with Adultery. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):45-49.
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  4.  20
    Michael Wreen (2010). The Ontology of Intellectual Property. The Monist 93 (3):433-449.
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  5.  17
    Michael Wreen (2015). The Identity of Indiscernibles. Philosophy 90 (1):33-57.
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  6.  12
    Michael J. Wreen (1995). Knockdown Arguments. Informal Logic 17 (3):316-336.
    Two brainless curs, Alan Brinton and Douglas Walton, have recently had the impudence to suggest that several of my views on argumentum ad baculum are mistaken. While hardship and toil await them in this life and eternal damnation in the next, punishment begins with this paper. In it, I clarify my position, defend my views, and critique their arguments. Last, I argue ad baculum against both of them, threatening both with the loss of reputation, employment, and respect unless they repudiate (...)
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  7.  6
    Michael Wreen (2015). Creativity. Philosophia 43 (3):891-913.
    This paper is an analysis of the concept of creativity. Tradition is followed in distinguishing three related but increasing complex concepts. The first concerns mere making or bringing into existence. It is not examined at length. The second builds on the first but includes the notion of novelty. The third incorporates the second but adds the notion of value. The latter two concepts of creativity are explored in great detail.
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  8.  76
    Michael Wreen (1988). The Definition of Euthanasia. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (4):637-653.
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  9.  50
    Michael J. Wreen (1989). Jealousy. Noûs 23 (5):635-652.
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  10.  3
    Michael J. Wreen (1988). May the Force Be with You. Argumentation 2 (4):425-440.
    This paper is a critical assessment of argumentum ad baculum, or appeal to force. Its principal contention is that, contrary to common opinion, there is no general fallacy of ad baculum. Most real-life ad baculums are, in fact, fairly strong. A basic logical form for reconstructed ad baculums is proposed, and a number of heterodoxical conclusions are also advanced and argued for. They include that ad baculum is not necessarily a prudential argument, that ad baculum need not involve force, violence, (...)
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  11.  84
    Michael Wreen (1992). Abortion and Pregnancy Due to Rape. Philosophia 21 (3-4):201-220.
  12.  55
    Michael Wreen (1998). Nihilism, Relativism, and Engelhardt. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (1):73-88.
    This paper is a critical analysis of Tristram Engelhardt''s attempts to avoid unrestricted nihilism and relativism. The focus of attention is his recent book, The Foundations of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 1996). No substantive or content-full bioethics (e.g., that of Roman Catholicism or the Samurai) has an intersubjectively verifiable and universally binding foundation, Engelhardt thinks, for unaided secular reason cannot show that any particular substantive morality (or moral code) is correct. He thus seems to be committed to either nihilism or (...)
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  13.  4
    Michael J. Wreen (1994). Look, Ma! No Frans! Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 2 (2):285-306.
    This paper criticizes the pragma-dialectical conception of a fallacy, according to which a fallacy is an argumentative speech act which violates one or more of the rules of 'rational discussion'. That conception is found to be neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for committing a fallacy. It is also found wanting in several other respects.
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  14.  78
    Michael Wreen (1998). Proper Names and the Necessity of Identity Statements. Synthese 114 (2):319-335.
    An identity statement flanked on both sides with proper names is necessarily true, Saul Kripke thinks, if it's true at all. Thus, contrary to the received view – or at least what was, prior to Kripke, the received view – a statement like(A) Hesperus is Phosphorus.
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  15.  45
    Michael Wreen (1988). The 'By' Word. Analysis 48 (3):154 - 159.
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  16.  20
    Michael Wreen (2002). Forgery. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):143 - 166.
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  17.  5
    Philip J. Rossi & Michael Wreen (eds.) (1991). Kant's Philosophy of Religion Reconsidered. Indiana University Press.
    "The essays, both philosophical and historical, demonstrate the continuing significance of a neglected aspect of Kant’s thought."—Religious Studies Review Challenging the traditional view that Kant's account of religion was peripheral to his thinking, these essays demonstrate the centrality of religion to Kant's critical philosophy. Contributors are Sharon Anderson-Gold, Leslie A. Mulholland, Anthony N. Perovich, Jr., Philip J. Rossi, Joseph Runzo, Denis Savage, Walter Sparn, Burkhard Tuschling, Nicholas P. Wolterstorff, and Allen W. Wood.
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  18.  44
    Michael J. Wreen (2007). A Second Form of Argument From Analogy. Theoria 73 (3):221-239.
    One form of argument from analogy is identified and Stephen Barker's remarks about a second kind of argument from analogy, non-inductive (and non-deductive) argument from analogy, are used as a springboard to identify a second form. That form is then refined, explained, exemplified, and related to the first form. It is argued that there is a spectrum of different forms of argument from analogy, with the two forms identified being end points on the spectrum. Except in terms of form, however, (...)
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  19.  39
    Michael Wreen (1990). Once is Not Enough? British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):149-158.
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  20.  17
    Michael J. Wreen (2004). The Standing is Slippery. Philosophy 79 (4):553-572.
    This paper is a critical examination of the so-called slippery slope argument for the conservative position on abortion. The argument was discussed in the philosophic literature some time back, but has since fallen into disfavor. The argument is first exposed and a general objection to it is advanced, then rebutted. Rosalind Hursthouse's more detailed and stronger objection is next aired, but also found less than convincing. In the course of discussing her objection, the correct form of the argument is identified, (...)
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  21.  23
    Michael Wreen (2013). A P.S. On B.S.: Some Remarks on Humbug and Bullshit. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):105-115.
    While lies have attracted philosophical attention since antiquity, phenomena in the near area have generated considerably less interest. Lately, however, Max Black and Harry Frankfurt have visited a close relative: humbug or bullshit, as it's either more politely or more rudely called. In this article their views on humbug and bullshit are exposed, explained, critiqued, and, ultimately, rejected. An alternative view is then proposed and defended.
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  22.  6
    Michael J. Wreen (1987). The Definition of Death. Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (4):87-99.
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  23.  10
    Michael J. Wreen (1986). Passing the Bottle. Philosophia 15 (4):427-444.
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  24.  27
    Michael Wreen (1987). Abortion: The Extreme Liberal Position. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (3):241-265.
    Discussions regarding abortion are often misguided and confused. This paper critically examines the extreme liberal view, which argues that neither the fetus, at any stage of development, nor the young infant has a right to life. It focuses on the general argumentative strategy employed by a number of philosophers in arriving at an extreme liberal view. An evaluative critique of an extreme liberal view is offered as a step toward clarifying and expanding upon the abortion debate. Keywords: abortion, personhood, speciesism, (...)
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  25.  6
    Michael J. Wreen (1988). Admit No Force But Argument. Informal Logic 10 (2).
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  26.  8
    Michael J. Wreen (1989). A Bolt of Fear. Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (2):131 - 140.
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  27.  30
    Michael Wreen (1983). Goodman on Forgery. Philosophical Quarterly 33 (133):340-353.
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  28.  18
    Michael Wreen (1986). Plantinga on the De Dicto/De Re Distinction. Grazer Philosophische Studien 27:49-55.
    Over the past fifteen years or so the distinction between de diclo and de re modality has been revived and pressed into service in a number of areas of philosophy. In "Plantinga on the De Dicto/De Re Distinction" it is argued that one prominent argument/persuasion advanced for making the distinction in the first place is unsound. The argument for making the distinction attempts to elicit rational acceptance of it by clearly illustrating it with a proposition that is false when modal-fied (...)
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  29.  8
    Michael Wreen (1983). Kripke's Contingent A Priori. International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):55-59.
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  30.  11
    Michael Wreen (2008). Three Arguments Against Intentionalism in Interpretation. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 1:283-287.
    Some philosophers identify the meaning of a work of art with what the artist intended the work to mean. Other philosophers think that although an artist’s intentions don’t fully determine a work’s meaning, they are a partial determinate of it. Last, there are philosophers who think that an artist’s intentions have no bearing on a work’s meaning. This paper is an examination of several arguments for the last of these three positions. In particular, it is a critical examination of three (...)
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  31.  36
    Michael Wreen (2005). A Prolegomenon to Moral Relativism. Philosophia 32 (1-4):253-274.
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  32.  11
    Michael Wreen (1988). The Definition of Suicide. Social Theory and Practice 14 (1):1-23.
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  33.  11
    Michael Wreen (1987). Two 'By' Ways. Analysis 47 (2):120 - 124.
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  34.  3
    Michael Wreen (1983). The Nature of Criticism (Review). Philosophy and Literature 7 (1):142-143.
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  35.  24
    Michael J. Wreen (1986). The Power of Potentiality. Theoria 52 (1-2):16-40.
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  36.  31
    Michael Wreen (1997). H.G. Callaway, Context for Meaning and Analysis: A Critical Study in the Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 46 (3):401-405.
    Context is mainly a critical history of one of the central strands – arguably, the central strand – of the analytic tradition in philosophy, namely, the philosophy of language. Key figures that put in an appearance include Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap, Ayer, Hempel, Tarski, Quine, Davidson, Putnam, and Dewey, the last being a somewhat odd figure, given the general tenor of Callaway’s cavalcade of stars. Meaning and analysis are the focus of attention, and true to his title, Callaway doesn’t hesitate (...)
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  37.  21
    Michael Wreen (1984). Some Remarks on Forgery, Plagiarism, and Piracy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):129-137.
  38.  22
    Michael Wreen (1985). The Restoration and Reproduction of Works of Art. Dialogue 24 (01):91-.
    In 1972, one of Michelangelo's earliest and best-known Pietàs was attacked by an evident lunatic. Fifteen times it was struck with a ninepound hammer; the Madonna's arm was broken in several places, her nose was knocked off, and her eye and veil were badly chipped. Immediately after the assault, and before knowing precisely what was needed to be replaced, the Director of the Vatican Museum, Redig de Campos, decided that integral restoration was called for.
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  39.  22
    Michael Wreen & Peter Amadio (1987). The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective Michael Allen Fox Berkeley, Ca: University of California Press, 1986. Pp. Xiv, 262. $18.95. [REVIEW] Dialogue 26 (3):597.
  40.  21
    Michael J. Wreen (1996). Most Assur'd of What He is Most Ignorant. Erkenntnis 44 (3):341 - 368.
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  41.  7
    Michael Wreen (1990). The Asymmetry of Verification and Falsification. Sophia 29 (1):42-55.
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  42.  10
    Michael Wreen (2008). Three Related Objections to Relativism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:453-457.
    The most frequent charges brought against moral relativism are probably that it is inconsistent, that it has morally repugnant implications, and that it leads to amoralism, or the breakdown of morality altogether. A less frequent but still common objection is more conceptual in nature: relativism cannot make any sense of a certain species of comparative moral judgment, namely those that morally compare two moral codes. The general form of this kind of judgment is: ‘Moral code A is morally superior to (...)
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  43.  6
    Michael Wreen (1984). Breathing a Little Life Into a Distinction. Philosophical Studies 46 (3):395 - 402.
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  44.  17
    Michael J. Wreen (1989). Socrates is Called “Socrates”. Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (3):359 - 371.
  45.  18
    Michael Wreen (2009). Look Before You Leap. Social Epistemology 23 (2):89 – 104.
    This paper is a critical analysis of three theories of fallacy, those of Ralph Johnson, of Jaakko Hintikka, and of Robert Fogelin and Timothy Duggan. Although the theories are very different from one another, all oppose the traditional, non-dialectical view of a fallacy as a mistaken inference. The theories are exposed and explained in detail, and then subjected to critical examination. For a variety of reasons, all are found seriously wanting. The mistakes of each suggest that it is better to (...)
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  46.  13
    Michael Wreen (1986). The Possibility of Potentiality. Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:137-154.
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  47.  1
    Michael Wreen (1989). Light From Darkness, From Ignorance Knowledge. Dialectica 43 (4):299-314.
    SummaryThis paper is a critical examination of argumentum ad ignorantiam, or arguing from ignorance. Ad ignorantiam is regarded as a fallacy, and certainly no route to knowledge, by most philosophers. However, case studies of ad ignorantiam are almost non‐existent, and theoretical discussions few in number. Thus this paper begins with a number of case studies. From them some morals are drawn. The morals concern the interpretation and evaluation of arguments in general and the nature and epistemic value of ad ignorantiam (...)
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  48.  1
    Michael Wreen, In Defense of Speciesism.
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  49.  10
    Michael Wreen (1986). Monadology of The Brothers Karamazov. Philosophy and Literature 10 (2):318-324.
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  50.  9
    Michael Wreen (2001). Major Change. Philosophy Now 32:54-54.
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