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Michel Bitbol [36]Michel Bitbol [1]
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Profile: Michel Bitbol (Université paris 1)
  1. Michel Bitbol (forthcoming). Physique quantique et cognition. Revue Internationale de Philosophie.
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  2. Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin (2013). On the Possibility and Reality of Introspection. Kairos 6:173-198.
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  3. Michel Bitbol (2012). Downward Causation Without Foundations. Synthese 185 (2):233-255.
    Emergence is interpreted in a non-dualist framework of thought. No metaphysical distinction between the higher and basic levels of organization is supposed, but only a duality of modes of access. Moreover, these modes of access are not construed as mere ways of revealing intrinsic patterns of organization: They are supposed to be constitutive of them, in Kant’s sense. The emergent levels of organization, and the inter-level causations as well, are therefore neither illusory nor ontologically real: They are objective in the (...)
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  4. Humberto R. Maturana, Michel Bitbol & Pier Luigi Luisi (2012). The Transcendence of the Observer Discussions at the Conference" The Ethical Meaning of Francisco Varela's Thought". Constructivist Foundations 7 (3):174-179.
     
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  5. Michel Bitbol (2011). Traces of Objectivity: Causality and Probabilities in Quantum Physics. Diogenes 58 (4):30-57.
  6. Michel Bitbol (2011). The Quantum Structure of Knowledge. Axiomathes 21 (2):357-371.
    This paper analyzes how conflicts of perspective are resolved in the field of the human sciences. Examples of such conflicts are the duality between the actor and spectator standpoints, or the duality of participancy between a form of social life and a socio-anthropological study of it. This type of duality look irreducible, because the conflicting positions express incompatible interests. Yet, the claim of incommensurability is excessive. There exists a level of mental activity at which dialogue and resolution are possible. Reaching (...)
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  7. Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin (2011). On Life Beneath the Subject/Object Duality. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):125-27.
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  8. Michel Bitbol & Claire Petitmengin (2011). On Pure Reflection. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):24-37.
  9. Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol (2011). Coming Into Contact with Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):146-49.
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  10. Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol (2011). Lets Trust the (Skilled) Subject! A Reply to Froese, Gould and Seth. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (2):90-97.
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  11. Michel Bitbol (2010). Aux Rives de l'Île de la Raison Meyerson Et la Physique Quantique. Corpus 58:81-97.
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  12. Michel Bitbol (2010). Reflective Metaphysics: Understanding Quantum Mechanics From a Kantian Standpoint. Philosophica 83:53-83.
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  13. Michel Bitbol (2010). Traces d'objectivité. Causalité et probabilités en physique quantique. Diogène 232 (4):41.
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  14. Michel Bitbol, Pierre Kerszberg & Jean Petitot, Constituting Objectivity. Transcendental Perspectives on Modern Physics.
    In recent years, many philosophers of modern physics came to the conclusion that the problem of how objectivity is constituted (rather than merely given) can no longer be avoided, and therefore that a transcendental approach in the spirit of Kant is now philosophically relevant. The usual excuse for skipping this task is that the historical form given by Kant to transcendental epistemology has been challenged by Relativity and Quantum Physics. However, the true challenge is not to force modern physics into (...)
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  15. Michel Bitbol, Jean Petitot & Pierre Kerszberg (eds.) (2009). CONSTITUTING OBJECTIVITY The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science.
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  16. Claire Petitmengin & Michel Bitbol (2009). Listening From Within. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.
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  17. Michel Bitbol, Consciousness, Situations, and the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics.
    There are two versions of the putative connection between consciousness and the measurement problem of quantum mechanics : consciousness as the cause of state vector reduction, and state vector reduction as the physical basis of consciousness. In this article, these controversial ideas are neither accepted uncritically, nor rejected from the outset in the name of some prejudice about objective knowledge. Instead, their origin is sought in our most cherished (but disputable) beliefs about the place of mind and consciousness in the (...)
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  18. Michel Bitbol (2008). Neurofenomenologia: Una scienza Che trae vantaggio dal proprio punto cieco. Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):9-20.
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  19. Michel Bitbol, Carmelo Call, Massimiliano Cappuccio, Mauro Ceruti, Luisa Damiano, Giovanna Colombetti, Evan Thompson, Carlo Conni, Giuseppe Longo & Mauro Maldonato (2008). La neurofenomenologia esperienza, percezione, cognizione. Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):9-168.
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  20. Isabelle Peschard & Michel Bitbol (2008). Heat, Temperature and Phenomenal Concepts. In Edmond Wright (ed.), The Case for Qualia. MIT Press. 155.
    The reduction of the concept of heat to that of molecular kinetic energy is recurrently presented as lending analogical support to the project of reduction of phenomenal concepts to physical concepts. The claimed analogy draws on the way the use of the concept of heat is attached to the experience in first person of a certain sensation. The reduction of this concept seems to prove the possibility to reduce discourse involving phenomenal concepts to a scientific description of neural activity. But (...)
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  21. Michel Bitbol (2007). Materialism, Stances, and Open-Mindedness. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22. Michel Bitbol (2007). Ontology, Matter and Emergence. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):293-307.
    “Ontological emergence” of inherent high-level properties with causal powers is witnessed nowhere. A non-substantialist conception of emergence works much better. It allows downward causation, provided our concept of causality is transformed accordingly.
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  23. Michel Bitbol, Physical Relations or Functional Relations ? A Non-Metaphysical Construal of Rovelli's Relational Quantum Mechanics.
    Rovelli’s RQM is first characterized by contrast with both Everett’s and Bohr’s interpretations of quantum mechanics. Then, it is shown that a basic difficulty arises from the choice of formulating RQM in a naturalistic framework. Even though, according to Rovelli’s interpretation, statements about the world only make sense relative to certain naturalized observers described by means of quantum mechanics, this very meta-statement seems to make sense relative to a sort of super-observer which does not partake of the naturalized status of (...)
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  24. Michel Bitbol & Jean Gayon (eds.) (2006). L'épistémologie Française, 1830-1970. Presses Universitaires de France.
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  25. Michel Bitbol (2004). Néo-pragmatisme et incommensurabilité en physique. Philosophia Scientiae 8:203-234.
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  26. Michel Bitbol (2004). The Problem of Other Minds: A Debate Between Schrödinger and Carnap. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):115-123.
    This paper reviews the debate between Carnap and Schrödinger about Hypothesis P (It is not only I who have perceptions and thoughts; other human beings have them too)–a hypothesis that underlies the possibility of doing science. For Schrödinger this hypothesis is not scientifically testable; for Carnap it is. But Schrödinger and Carnap concede too much to each other and miss an alternative understanding: science does not depend on an explicit hypothesis concerning what other human beings see and think; it is (...)
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  27. Michel Bitbol (ed.) (2004). Wittgenstein Et les Mathématiques. T.E.R..
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  28. Michel Bitbol (2003). La philosophie des sciences comme interface. Rue Descartes 3 (3):19-29.
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  29. Michel Bitbol (2002). Science as If Situation Mattered. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):181-224.
    When he formulated the program of neurophenomenology, Francisco Varela suggested a balanced methodological dissolution of the hard problem of consciousness. I show that his dissolution is a paradigm which imposes itself onto seemingly opposite views, including materialist approaches. I also point out that Varela's revolutionary epistemological ideas are gaining wider acceptance as a side effect of a recent controversy between hermeneutists and eliminativists. Finally, I emphasize a structural parallel between the science of consciousness and the distinctive features of quantum mechanics. (...)
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  30. Michel Bitbol (2001). Jean-Louis Destouches: Théories de la Prévision Et Individualité. Philosophia Scientiae 5 (1):1-30.
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  31. Michel Bitbol (2001). Non-Representationalist Theories of Knowledge and Quantum Mechanics. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):37-61.
  32. Michel Bitbol (2000). Relations, Synthèses, Arrière-Plans: sur la philosophie transcendantale et la physique moderne. Archives de Philosophie 63 (4):595-620.
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  33. Michel Bitbol (1998). L'Alter-ego et les sciences de la nature: Autour d'un débat entre Schrödinger et Carnap. Philosophia Scientiae 3 (2):203-214.
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  34. Michel Bitbol (1996). Schrödinger's Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book gives a comprehensive account of Schrödinger's successive interpretations of quantum mechanics, culminating in their final synthesis in the 1950s. Schrödinger's original position in the realism-anti-realism debate is analyzed. His views on the wave-corpuscle issue are contrasted with Bohr's, and his conceptions of the measurement problem are systematically compared with current no-collapse interpretations.
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  35. Simon Bitbol, Michel, Guy, Perspectival Realism and Quantum Mechanics.
    A complete reappraisal of the philosophical meaning of Everett's interpretation of quantum mechanics is carried out, by analysing carefully the role of the concept of "observer" in physics. It is shown that Everett's interpretation is the limiting case of a series of conceptions of the measurement problem which leave less and less of the observer out of the quantum description of the measuring interaction. This limiting case, however, should not be considered as one wherein nothing is left outside the description. (...)
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  36. Michel Bitbol, Is Consciousness Primary?
    Six arguments against the view that conscious experience derives from a material basis are reviewed. These arguments arise from epistemology, phenomenology, neuropsychology, and philosophy of quantum mechanics. It turns out that any attempt at proving that conscious experience is ontologically secondary to material objects both fails and brings out its methodological and existential primacy. No alternative metaphysical view is espoused (not even a variety of Spinoza’s attractive double-aspect theory). Instead, an alternative stance, inspired from F. Varela’s neurophenomenology is advocated. This (...)
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  37. Michel Bitbol, Some Steps Towards a Transcendental Deduction of Quantum Mechanics.
    The two major options on which the current debate on the interpretation of quantum mechanics relies, namely realism and empiricism, are far from being exhaustive. There is at least one more position available, which is metaphysically as agnostic as empiricism, but which shares with realism a committment to considering the structure of theories as highly significant. The latter position has been named transcendentalism after Kant. In this paper, a generalized version of Kant's method is used. This yields a reasoning that (...)
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