Search results for 'Michelle Dawson' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Laurent Mottron, Michelle Dawson & Isabelle Soulieres (2010). Enhanced Perception in Savant Syndrome: Patterns, Structure, and Creativity. In Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.), Autism and Talent. OUP/the Royal Society
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  2. Tyler Cowen & Michelle Dawson, What Does the Turing Test Really Mean? And How Many Human Beings (Including Turing) Could Pass?
    The so-called Turing test, as it is usually interpreted, sets a benchmark standard for determining when we might call a machine intelligent. We can call a machine intelligent if the following is satisfied: if a group of wise observers were conversing with a machine through an exchange of typed messages, those observers could not tell whether they were talking to a human being or to a machine. To pass the test, the machine has to be intelligent but it also should (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  33
    Christopher Dawson (1999). Dawson's View of the Contemporary Political Crisis. The Chesterton Review 25 (1/2):181-183.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  23
    Christopher Dawson (1997). Christopher Dawson's View of Modern Capitalism. The Chesterton Review 23 (4):529-531.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. P. T. Geach, E. E. Dawson & Lennart Aqvist (1966). A Model for Deontic Logic.On Dawson-Models for Deontic Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):666.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Angus Dawson (ed.) (2011). Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; Introduction Angus Dawson; Part I. Concepts: 1. Resetting the parameters: public health as the foundation for public health ethics Angus Dawson; 2. Health, disease and the goal of public health Bengt Brülde; 3. Selective reproduction, eugenics and public health Stephen Wilkinson; 4. Risk and precaution Stephen John; Part II. Issues: 5. Smoking, health and ethics Richard Ashcroft; 6. Infectious disease control Marcel Verweij; 7. Population screening Ainsley Newson; 8. Vaccination ethics Angus Dawson; (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  7.  42
    Hannah Dawson (2007). Locke, Language, and Early-Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    In a powerful and original contribution to the history of ideas, Hannah Dawson explores the intense preoccupation with language in early-modern philosophy, and presents a groundbreaking analysis of John Locke's critique of words. By examining a broad sweep of pedagogical and philosophical material from antiquity to the late seventeenth century, Dr Dawson explains why language caused anxiety in writers such as Montaigne, Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, Gassendi, Nicole, Pufendorf, Boyle, Malebranche and Locke. Locke, Language and Early-Modern Philosophy demonstrates that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  8.  33
    Michael R. W. Dawson & C. Darren Piercey (2001). On the Subsymbolic Nature of a PDP Architecture That Uses a Nonmonotonic Activation Function. Minds and Machines 11 (2):197-218.
    PDP networks that use nonmonotonic activation functions often produce hidden unit regularities that permit the internal structure of these networks to be interpreted (Berkeley et al., 1995; McCaughan, 1997; Dawson, 1998). In particular, when the responses of hidden units to a set of patterns are graphed using jittered density plots, these plots organize themselves into a set of discrete stripes or bands. In some cases, each band is associated with a local interpretation. On the basis of these observations, Berkeley (...)
    Direct download (17 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  9. Christopher Dawson (2002). Dynamics of World History. Isi Books.
    Machine generated contents note: PART ONE: TOWARD A SOCIOLOGY OF HISTORY -- SECTION I: THE SOCIOLOGICAL -- FOUNDATIONS OF HISTORY -- I. The Sources of Culture Change -- 2. Sociology as a Science -- 3. Sociology and the Theory of Progress -- 4. Civilization and Morals -- 5. Progress and Decay in Ancient and Modern Civilization -- 6. Art and Society -- 7. Vitality or Standardization in Culture -- 8. Cultural Polarity and Religious Schism -- 9. Prevision in Religion -- (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  42
    Angus Dawson (2010). The Future of Bioethics: Three Dogmas and a Cup of Hemlock. Bioethics 24 (5):218-225.
    In this paper I argue that bioethics is in crisis and that it will not have a future unless it begins to embrace a more Socratic approach to its leading assumptions. The absence of a critical and sceptical spirit has resulted in little more than a dominant ideology. I focus on three key issues. First, that too often bioethics collapses into medical ethics. Second, that medical ethics itself is beset by a lack of self-reflection that I characterize here as a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   25 citations  
  11. Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (eds.) (2007). Ethics, Prevention, and Public Health. OUP Oxford.
    In these twelve papers notable ethicists use the resources of ethical theory to illuminate important theoretical and practical topics, including the nature of public health, notions of community, population bioethics, the legitimate role of law, the use of cost-effectiveness as a methodology, vaccinations, and the nature of infectious disease.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  12.  72
    Leslie M. Dawson (1997). Ethical Differences Between Men and Women in the Sales Profession. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1143-1152.
    This research addresses the question of whether men and women in sales differ in their ethical attitudes and decision making. The study asked 209 subjects to respond to 20 ethical scenarios, half of which were "relational" and half "non-relational." The study concludes (1) that there are significant ethical differences between the sexes in situations that involve relational issues, but not in non-relational situations, and (2) that gender-based ethical differences change with age and years of experience. The implications of these finding (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   45 citations  
  13. A. Dawson & M. Verweij (2012). Solidarity: A Moral Concept in Need of Clarification (Editorial). Public Health Ethics 5 (1):1--5.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  14.  27
    James W. Clark & Lyndon E. Dawson (1996). Personal Religiousness and Ethical Judgements: An Empirical Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):359 - 372.
    It has been acknowledged on numerous occasions that personal religiousness is a potential source of ethical norms, and consequently, an influence in ethical evaluations. An extensive literature review provides little in the way of empirical investigation of this recognized affect. This investigation conceptualizes religiousness as a motivation for ethical action, and discovers significant differences in ethical judgements among respondents categorized by personal religious motivation. Suggestions as to the source of these differences, and the implications which they offer to managers are (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   35 citations  
  15.  34
    Peter Singer & Karen Dawson (1988). IVF Technology and the Argument From Potential. Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (2):87-104.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   48 citations  
  16.  16
    Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (2008). The Steward of the Millian State. Public Health Ethics 1 (3):193-195.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  17.  5
    Michael R. W. Dawson & D. P. Schopflocher (1992). Autonomous Processing in Parallel Distributed Processing Networks. Philosophical Psychology 5 (2):199-219.
    This paper critically examines the claim that parallel distributed processing (PDP) networks are autonomous learning systems. A PDP model of a simple distributed associative memory is considered. It is shown that the 'generic' PDP architecture cannot implement the computations required by this memory system without the aid of external control. In other words, the model is not autonomous. Two specific problems are highlighted: (i) simultaneous learning and recall are not permitted to occur as would be required of an autonomous system; (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   33 citations  
  18.  23
    Angus Dawson & Marcel Verweij (2008). Public Health Ethics: A Manifesto. Public Health Ethics 1 (1):1--2.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  19.  8
    David Dawson & Craig Bartholomew (2003). Virtues, Managers and Business People: Finding a Place for MacIntyre in a Business Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (2):127 - 138.
    Critics point to four issues as presenting barriers to the use of virtue in the context of business. They focus on the relationship between management and practice, the potential for virtuous behaviour in a competitive environment, the ability to develop a reflexive critique of management that can be acted on, and the differentiation between work and wider social roles and people's propensity to take responsibility for them. In this paper we propose a solution to criticisms levelled at the use of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  20.  12
    David Dawson (2009). Conflicting Stories of Virtue in Uk Healthcare: Bringing Together Organisational Studies and Ethics. Business Ethics 18 (2):95-109.
    In recent years, organisational theorists have been interested in the tensions faced by healthcare organisations. In this paper, these tensions are examined using the virtue approach to ethics of Alasdair MacIntyre. It is argued that although MacIntyre's framework shares many concerns with organisational studies, it supplements the analysis with a focus on moral content and evaluation. By providing moral evaluation of the stories told in organisations, an ethical analysis compels action on a basis that organisational studies does not. Nevertheless, it (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  21.  8
    Angus Dawson (2013). IAB Presidential Address: Contextual, Social, Critical: How We Ought to Think About the Future of Bioethics. Bioethics 27 (6):291-296.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  22. J. G. Dawson (1954). Philosophical Surveys, VIII: A Survey of Work on Mediaeval Philosophy, 1945-53: Part II: Mediaeval Philosophers of the Christian West. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 4 (14):60-74.
  23.  28
    Marcel Verweij & Angus Dawson (2009). Public Health Research Ethics: A Research Agenda. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):1-6.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  24.  98
    Andrew Dawson (2005). Book Review: The Dialogical Turn: New Roles for Sociology in the Postdisciplinary Age. [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 81 (1):119-124.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  4
    A. Dawson (2006). In Defence of Moral Imperialism: Four Equal and Universal Prima Facie Principles. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):200-204.
    Raanan Gillon is a noted defender of the four principles approach to healthcare ethics. His general position has always been that these principles are to be considered to be both universal and prima facie in nature. In recent work, however, he has made two claims that seem to present difficulties for this view. His first claim is that one of these four principles, respect for autonomy, has a special position in relation to the others: he holds that it is first (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  26.  4
    Michael E. Dawson & Michael A. Biferno (1973). Concurrent Measurement of Awareness and Electrodermal Classical Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):55.
  27.  99
    Stephen Laurence, Eric Margolis & Angus Dawson (1999). Moral Realism and Twin Earth. Facta Philosophica 1:135-165.
    Hilary Putnam's Twin Earth thought experiment has come to have an enormous impact on contemporary philosophical thought. But while most of the discussion has taken place within the context of the philosophy of mind and language, Terence Horgan and Mark Timmons (H8cT) have defended the intriguing suggestion that a variation on the original thought experiment has important consequences for ethics.' In a series of papers, they' ve developed the idea of a Moral Twin Earth and have argued that its significance (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  28.  18
    Adnan A. Hyder & Liza Dawson (2005). Defining Standard of Care in the Developing World: The Intersection of International Research Ethics and Health Systems Analysis. Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):142–152.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  29.  35
    M. Verweij & A. Dawson (2012). Risk, Risk Groups and Population Health. Public Health Ethics 5 (3):213-215.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  30.  42
    Angus Dawson & Anthony Wrigley (2010). A Dead Proposal: Levi and Green on Advance Directives. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):23 – 24.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  31.  93
    Kathy L. Dawson (forthcoming). Book Review: Bullying: A Spiritual Crisis. [REVIEW] Interpretation 59 (1):102-102.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  20
    Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman‐House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao‐Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, Leroy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart (2003). Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  33. Kathy L. Dawson (forthcoming). Book Review: The Bonhoeffer Phenomenon: Portraits of a Protestant Saint. [REVIEW] Interpretation 60 (1):118-118.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  32
    Angus Dawson (2004). Vaccination and the Prevention Problem. Bioethics 18 (6):515–530.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  35.  58
    Anwar Tlili & Emily Dawson (2010). Mediating Science and Society in the EU and UK: From Information-Transmission to Deliberative Democracy? Minerva 48 (4):429-461.
    In this paper we critically review recent developments in policies, practices and philosophies pertaining to the mediation between science and the public within the EU and the UK, focusing in particular on the current paradigm of Public Understanding of Science and Technology (PEST) which seeks to depart from the science information-transmission associated with previous paradigms, and enact a deliberative democracy model. We first outline the features of the current crisis in democracy and discuss deliberative democracy as a response to this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  36.  13
    Lutz Preuss & David Dawson (2009). On the Quality and Legitimacy of Green Narratives in Business: A Framework for Evaluation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):135 - 149.
    Narrative is increasingly being recognised as an important tool both to manage and understand organisations. In particular, narrative is recognised to have an important influence on the perception of environmental issues in business, a particularly contested area of modern management. Management literature is, however, only beginning to develop a framework for evaluating the quality and legitimacy of narratives. Due to the highly fluid nature of narratives, the traditional notion of truth as reflecting ' objective reality' is not useful here. In (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  37.  9
    A. Dawson & M. Verweij (2011). Could Do Better: Research Data Sharing and Public Health. Public Health Ethics 4 (1):1-3.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  38.  92
    Michael R. W. Dawson & Corinne Zimmerman (2003). Interpreting the Internal Structure of a Connectionist Model of the Balance Scale Task. Brain and Mind 4 (2):129-149.
    One new tradition that has emerged from early research on autonomous robots is embodied cognitive science. This paper describes the relationship between embodied cognitive science and a related tradition, synthetic psychology. It is argued that while both are synthetic, embodied cognitive science is antirepresentational while synthetic psychology still appeals to representations. It is further argued that modern connectionism offers a medium for conducting synthetic psychology, provided that researchers analyze the internal representations that their networks develop. The paper then provides a (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  39.  21
    Leland L. Glenna, Raymond A. Jussaume Jr & Julie C. Dawson (2011). How Farmers Matter in Shaping Agricultural Technologies: Social and Structural Characteristics of Wheat Growers and Wheat Varieties. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 28 (2):213-224.
    Science and technology studies (STS) research challenges the concept of technological determinism by investigating how the end users of a technology influence that technology’s trajectory. STS critiques of determinism are needed in studies of agricultural technology. However, we contend that focusing on the agency of end users may mask the role of political-economic factors which influence technology developments and applications. This paper seeks to mesh STS insights with political-economic perspectives by accounting for relationships between availability of diverse technologies, variations in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  42
    Stephen Dawson (2001). Series Introduction. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:7-10.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  63
    Kathy L. Dawson (forthcoming). Book Review: The Cost of Moral Leadership: The Spirituality of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. [REVIEW] Interpretation 58 (2):213-214.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  37
    Christoper Dawson (1960). The Study of Christian Culture. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):485-493.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  12
    A. Dawson (2009). Editorial: Political Philosophy and Public Health Ethics. Public Health Ethics 2 (2):121-122.
  44.  11
    Angus Dawson (2005). The Determination of the Best Interests in Relation to Childhood Immunisation. Bioethics 19 (1):72-89.
    ABSTRACTThere are many different ethical arguments that might be advanced for and against childhood vaccinations. In this paper I explore one particular argument that focuses on the idea that such vaccinations are justifiable because they are held to be in the best interests of a particular child. Two issues arise from this idea. The first issue is how best interests are to be determined in this case. The second issue is what follows from this to justify potential interventions within the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  45.  53
    Anne Dawson (2011). Masterless Mistresses: The New Orleans Ursulines and the Development of a New World Society, 1727–1834. By Emily Clark. Heythrop Journal 52 (5):872-873.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  4
    Lisa Robinson, Julia Newton & Pam Dawson (2012). Professionals and the Public: Power or Partnership in Health Research? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):276-282.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  14
    John W. Dawson (1984). Discussion on the Foundation of Mathematics. History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (1):111-129.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  48.  19
    Edward J. O'Boyle & Lyndon E. Dawson (1992). The American Marketing Association Code of Ethics: Instructions for Marketers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (12):921 - 932.
    This article addresses the two main obstacles — ignorance and conflict — that block the pathway to ethically proper conduct, both generally in business and specifically in marketing. It begins with a brief examination of theories of the moral good which emphasizes the Greco-Roman humanistic tradition and the Judeo-Christian religious tradition. A professional code of ethics, such as the code of the American Marketing Association, is meaningful only if human beings are regarded as making moral judgments that, objectively speaking, are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  49.  8
    Colin Dawson & LouAnn Gerken (2011). When Global Structure “Explains Away” Local Grammar: A Bayesian Account of Rule-Induction in Tone Sequences. Cognition 120 (3):350-359.
  50.  21
    Jennifer Dawson, Judy Sheeshka, Donald C. Cole, David Kraft & Amy Waugh (2008). Fishers Weigh In: Benefits and Risks of Eating Great Lakes Fish From the Consumer's Perspective. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 25 (3):349-364.
    Three decades of concern over consumption of potentially contaminated Great Lakes fish has led government agencies and public health proponents to implement risk assessment and management programs as a means of protecting the health of fishers and their families. While well-meaning in their intent, these programs––and much of the research conducted to support and evaluate them––were not designed to accommodate the understandings and concerns of the fish consumer. Results from a qualitative component of a multi-disciplinary, multi-year research project on frequent (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000