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Profile: Miriam Solomon (Temple University)
  1. Miriam Solomon & John Clarke (forthcoming). CSW" Jobs for Philosophers" Employment Study. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association.
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  2. Miriam Solomon (2012). Socially Responsible Science and the Unity of Values. Perspectives on Science 20 (3):331-338.
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  3. Julian Reiss, Miriam Solomon & David Teira (2011). Mechanisms, Continental Approaches, Trials, and Evolutionary Medicine: New Work in the Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):1-4.
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  4. Miriam Solomon (2011). Group Judgment and the Medical Consensus Conference. In Fred Gifford (ed.), Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.
  5. Miriam Solomon (2011). Just a Paradigm: Evidence-Based Medicine in Epistemological Context. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):451-466.
    Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) developed from the work of clinical epidemiologists at McMaster University and Oxford University in the 1970s and 1980s and self-consciously presented itself as a "new paradigm" called "evidence-based medicine" in the early 1990s. The techniques of the randomized controlled trial, systematic review and meta-analysis have produced an extensive and powerful body of research. They have also generated a critical literature that raises general concerns about its methods. This paper is a systematic review of the critical literature. It (...)
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  6. Miriam Solomon (2009). Standpoint and Creativity. Hypatia 24 (4):226 - 237.
  7. Miriam Solomon (2008). Epistemological Reflections on the Art of Medicine and Narrative Medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):406-417.
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  8. Miriam Solomon (2008). Review of Martin Carrier, Don Howard, Janet Kourany (Eds.), The Challenge of the Social and the Pressure of Practice: Science and Values Revisited. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (6).
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  9. Miriam Solomon (2008). Responses to Critics. Perspectives on Science 16 (3):pp. 280-284.
    In this paper I respond to the criticisms of Helen Longino, Alan Richardson, Naomi Oreskes and Sharyn Clough. There is discussion of the character of social knowledge, the goals of scientific inquiry, the connections between Social Empiricism and other approaches in science studies, productive and unproductive dissent, and the distinction between empirical and non-empirical decision vectors.
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  10. Miriam Solomon (2006). Groupthink Versus The Wisdom of Crowds. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (Supplement):28-42.
    Trust in the practice of rational deliberation is widespread and largely unquestioned. This paper uses recent work from business contexts to challenge the view that rational deliberation in a group improves decisions. Pressure to reach consensus can, in fact, lead to phenomena such as groupthink and to suppression of relevant data. Aggregation of individual decisions, rather than deliberation to a consensus, surprisingly, can produce better decisions than those of either group deliberation or individual expert judgment. I argue that dissent is (...)
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  11. Miriam Solomon (2006). Norms of Epistemic Diversity. Episteme 3 (1-2):23-36.
    Epistemic diversity is widely approved of by social epistemologists. This paper asks, more specifi cally, how much epistemic diversity, and what kinds of epistemic diversity are normatively appropriate? Both laissez-faire and highly directive approaches to epistemic diversity are rejected in favor of the claim that diversity is a blunt epistemic tool. There are typically a number of diff erent options for adequate diversifi cation. The paper focuses on scientifi c domains, with particular attention to recent theories of smell.
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  12. Miriam Solomon (2006). Part II-Symposia Papers. In Borchert (ed.), Philosophy of Science. Macmillan. 73--5.
     
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  13. Miriam Solomon (2005). Guest Editor's Introduction. Episteme 2 (1):1-3.
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  14. Miriam Solomon & Alan Richardson (2005). A Critical Context for Longino's Critical Contextual Empiricism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):211-222.
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  15. Miriam Solomon (2003). [Book Review: Pathways to Knowledge: Public and Private]. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 70 (2):452-454.
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  16. Miriam Solomon (2003). The Whiptail Lizard Reconsidered. Perspectives on Science 11 (3):318-325.
    : Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch's introductory text, The Golem: What Everyone Should Know About Science (1993), includes a controversy about the significance of pseudosexual behavior in the parthenogenetic whiptail lizard. Collins and Pinch, basing their account on the work of Greg Myers (1990), claim that "in this area of biology, experiments are seldom possible" and that the debate has "battled to an honorable draw." I argue that a closer look at the publications of the scientists involved shows that, at (...)
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  17. Miriam Solomon & Diane Greco Josefowicz (2003). Tory and Philosophy of Science at the Philosophical Department at Bern. His Fields of Specialization Are the Philosophy of Wittgenstein in its Scientific Context, the History and Philosophy of Color, and Logic and Foun-Dations of Mathematics. Perspectives on Science 11 (3).
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  18. Miriam Solomon & Stathis Psillos (2002). Book Reviews-Social Empiricism. Philosophy of Science 69 (3):545.
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  19. Miriam Solomon (2001). Consensus in Science. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:193-204.
    Because the idea of consensus in contemporary philosophy of science is typically seen as the locus of progress, rationality, and, often, truth, Mill’s views on the undesirability of consensus have been largely dismissed. The historical data, however, shows that there are many examples of scientific progress without consensus, thus refuting the notion that consensus in science has any special epistemic status for rationality, scientific progress (success), or truth. What needs to be developed instead is an epistemology of dissent. I suggest (...)
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  20. Miriam Solomon (2001). It Isn't The Thought That Counts. Argumentation 15 (1):67-75.
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  21. Miriam Solomon (2001). Social Empiricism. MIT Press.
    A new, social epistemology of science that addresses practical as well as theoretical concerns.
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  22. Miriam Solomon (1998). Book Review:Born to Rebel Frank Sulloway. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 65 (1):171-.
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  23. Miriam Solomon (1998). Frank Sulloway's Born to Rebel. Philosophy of Science 65 (1):171.
     
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  24. Miriam Solomon (1997). Book Review:Cognition in the Wild Edwin Hutchins. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 64 (1):181-.
  25. Miriam Solomon (1996). Commentary on Alison Gopnik's "the Scientist as Child". Philosophy of Science 63 (4):547-551.
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  26. Miriam Solomon (1995). Naturalism and Generality. Philosophical Psychology 8 (4):353 – 363.
    Naturalistic epistemologists frequently assume that their aim is to identify generalities (i.e. general laws) about the effectiveness of particular reasoning processes and methods. This paper argues that the search for this kind of generality fails. Work that has been done thus far to identify generalities (e.g. by Goldman, Kitcher and Thagard) overlooks both the complexity of reasoning and the relativity of assessments to particular contexts (domain, stage and goal of inquiry). Examples of human reasoning which show both complexity and contextuality (...)
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  27. Miriam Solomon (1994). Multivariate Models of Scientific Change. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:287 - 297.
    Social scientists regularly make use of multivariate models to describe complex social phenomena. It is argued that this approach is useful for modelling the variety of cognitive and social factors contributing to scientific change, and superior to the integrated models of scientific change currently available. It is also argued that care needs to be taken in drawing normative conclusions: cognitive factors are not instrinsically more "rational" than social factors, nor is it likely that social factors, by some "invisible hand of (...)
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  28. Miriam Solomon (1994). Social Empiricism. Noûs 28 (3):325-343.
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  29. Miriam Solomon (1994). Stich`s The Fragmentation of Reason: Preface to a Pragmatic Theory of Cognitive Evaluation. Informal Logic 16 (2).
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  30. Miriam Solomon (1994). Sizing Up Science: A Reply to Fuller. Informal Logic 16 (1).
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  31. Miriam Solomon (1993). Commentary: Making Meaning—a Response to Chokr. Social Epistemology 7 (4):359 – 364.
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  32. Miriam Solomon (1992). Scientific Rationality and Human Reasoning. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):439-455.
    The work of Tversky, Kahneman and others suggests that people often make use of cognitive heuristics such as availability, salience and representativeness in their reasoning and decision making. Through use of a historical example--the recent plate tectonics revolution in geology--I argue that such heuristics play a crucial role in scientific decision making also. I suggest how these heuristics are to be considered, along with noncognitive factors (such as motivation and social structures) when drawing historical and epistemological conclusions. The normative perspective (...)
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  33. Miriam Solomon (1991). WV Quine, Pursuit of Truth Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (4):284-286.
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  34. Miriam Solomon (1990). Apriority and Metajustification in BonJour's Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (4):767-777.
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  35. Miriam Solomon (1990). Extensionality, Underdetermination and Indeterminacy. Erkenntnis 33 (2):211 - 221.
    A development of Quine's views took place between the denial of analyticity (in "Two Dogmas") and the doctrine of indeterminacy (in Word and Object). Quine argues for the inscrutability of extensional as well as intensional content. The debate with Carnap in the mid-fifties pushes Quine to argue for full indeterminacy. Quine initially resists arguing for indeterminacy because the doctrine seems to lead to general skepticism, not just to skepticism about meanings. Quine draws on Tarski's work on truth to dispel the (...)
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  36. Miriam Solomon (1990). On Putnam's Argument for the Inconsistency of Relativism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):213-220.
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  37. Miriam Solomon (1989). Quine's Point of View. Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):113-136.
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