Search results for 'Mitchell Avila' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mitchell Avila (2007). Defending a Law of Peoples: Political Liberalism and Decent Peoples. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 11 (1):87 - 124.score: 240.0
    In this paper I reconstruct and defend John Rawls' The Law of Peoples, including the distinction between liberal and decent peoples. A “decent people” is defined as a people who possesses a comprehensive doctrine and uses that doctrine as the ground of political legitimacy, while liberal peoples do not possess a comprehensive doctrine. I argue that liberal and decent peoples are bound by the same normative requirements with the qualification that decent peoples accept the same normative demands when they are (...)
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  2. Paul Lewis, Walter Gulick & Mark T. Mitchell (2007). A Brief Symposium on Mark Mitchell's Michael Polanyi. Tradition and Discovery 34 (2):30-38.score: 210.0
    Paul Lewis and Walter Gulick summarize and evaluate Mark Micthell’s new book, Michael Polanyi: The Art of Knowing, and Mitchell responds to their comments in this symposium article.
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  3. Basil Mitchell, William J. Abraham & Steven W. Holtzer (eds.) (1987). The Rationality of Religious Belief: Essays in Honour of Basil Mitchell. Oxford University Press.score: 210.0
    These essays represent an important contribution to modern philosophical theology. They begin with an appreciation of Basil Mitchell's work and then discuss the role of reason in the justification of Christian theism, giving special attention to the nature of informal reasoning in religion and science. The latter essays examine particular arguments raised by specific religious concepts, covering such topics as the problem of evil, conspicuous sanctity, atonement, and the Eucharist. Drawn from a wide spectrum of philosophers and theologians, the (...)
     
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  4. Donald W. Mitchell & James A. Wiseman (2003). An Interview with Donald Mitchell and James Wiseman. Buddhist-Christian Studies 23 (1):197-201.score: 180.0
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  5. Sandra D. Mitchell (2009). Unsimple Truths: Science, Complexity, and Policy. The University of Chicago Press Chicago and London.score: 60.0
    In Unsimple Truths, Sandra Mitchell argues that the long-standing scientific and philosophical deference to reductive explanations founded on simple universal ...
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  6. Chenting Su, Ronald K. Mitchell & M. Joseph Sirgy (2007). Enabling Guanxi Management in China: A Hierarchical Stakeholder Model of Effective Guanxi. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 71 (3):301 - 319.score: 60.0
    Guanxi (literally interpersonal connections) is in essence a network of resource coalition-based stakeholders sharing resources for survival, and it plays a key role in achieving business success in China. However, the salience of guanxi stakeholders varies: not all guanxi relationships are necessary, and among the necessary guanxi participants, not all are equally important. A hierarchical stakeholder model of guanxi is developed drawing upon Mitchell et al.’s (1997) stakeholder salience theory and Anderson’s (1982) constituency theory. As an application of instrumental (...)
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  7. Basil Mitchell (1994). Faith and Criticism: The Sarum Lectures 1992. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Faith and Criticism addresses a central problem in the church today--the tension between traditionalists and progressives. Traditionalists want above all to hold fast to traditional foundations in belief and ensure that nothing of value is lost, even at the risk of a clash with "modern knowledge." Progressives are concerned above all to proclaim a faith that is credible today, even at the risk of sacrificing some elements of traditional doctrine. They are often locked in uncomprehending conflict. Basil Mitchell argues (...)
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  8. Basil Mitchell (1980/2000). Morality, Religious and Secular: The Dilemma of the Traditional Conscience. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This book analyzes the moral confusion of contemporary society, relating rival conceptions of morality with a wide variety of views about the nature and predicament of man. Mitchell argues that many secular thinkers possess a traditional "Christian" conscience which they find hard to defend in terms of an entirely secular world-view, but which is more in line with a Christian understanding of man.
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  9. Melanie Mitchell (2009). Complexity: A Guided Tour. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    What enables individually simple insects like ants to act with such precision and purpose as a group? How do trillions of individual neurons produce something as extraordinarily complex as consciousness? What is it that guides self-organizing structures like the immune system, the World Wide Web, the global economy, and the human genome? These are just a few of the fascinating and elusive questions that the science of complexity seeks to answer. In this remarkably accessible and companionable book, leading complex systems (...)
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  10. Basil Mitchell (ed.) (1957). Faith and Logic. London, Allen & Unwin.score: 60.0
    A starting-point for the philosophical examination of theological belief, by A. Farrer.--The possibility of theological statements, by I. M. Crombie.--Revelation, by A. Farrer.--How theologians reason, by G. C. Stead.--The soul, by J. R. Lucas.--The grace of God, by B. Mitchell.--Religion and morals, by R. M. Hare.--"We" in modern philosophy, M. B. Foster.
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  11. Patricia Mitchell (2013). Meaning, Self and the Human Potential: An Appeal for Humanism [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 110 (110):24.score: 60.0
    Mitchell, Patricia Review(s) of: Meaning, Self and the human potential: An appeal for humanism, by Kristine Millar, Janus Publishing Company Led London 2013.
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  12. Lawrence E. Mitchell (1998). Stacked Deck: A Story of Selfishness in America. Temple University Press.score: 60.0
    In Stacked Deck, Mitchell shows us how this artificial reality buries the way we truly,live.Mitchell uses examples drawn from history, politics, law, and ...
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  13. Andrew Mitchell (2013). Guilty, by Georges Bataille. Comparative and Continental Philosophy 4 (1):162 - 163.score: 60.0
    Guilty , by Georges Bataille Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 162-163 Authors Andrew J. Mitchell, Emory University Journal Comparative and Continental Philosophy Online ISSN 1757-0646 Print ISSN 1757-0638 Journal Volume Volume 4 Journal Issue Volume 4, Number 1 / 2012.
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  14. William J. Mitchell (1994). The Reconfigured Eye: Visual Truth in the Post-Photographic Era. The Mit Press.score: 60.0
    Continuing William Mitchell's investigations of how we understand, reason about, anduse images, The Reconfigured Eye provides the first systematic, critical analysis of the digitalimaging revolution.
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  15. B. Mitchell (1976). Is a Moral Consensus in Medical Ethics Possible? Journal of Medical Ethics 2 (1):18-23.score: 60.0
    At the moment in Britain and elsewhere the debate inside and outside of Parliament on various medical issues which are essentially moral never ends. Everybody has his own point of view--or principles. But what emerges for society to adopt can often be called in lay terminology 'compromise'. Professor Mitchell argues in this paper that a moral consensus is possible and indeed ought to be achieved, as today the medical practitioner can no longer make his decision only in accordance with (...)
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  16. Jolyon P. Mitchell (2007). Media Violence and Christian Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    How can audiences interact creatively, wisely and peaceably with the many different forms of violence found throughout today's media? Suicide attacks, graphic executions and the horrors of war appear in news reports, films, web-sites, and even on mobile phones. One approach towards media violence is to attempt to protect viewers; another is to criticize journalists, editors, film-makers and their stories. In this book Jolyon Mitchell highlights Christianity's ambiguous relationship with media violence. He goes beyond debates about the effects of (...)
     
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  17. Jeff Mitchell (2005). The Psychology of French Bashing. Think 3 (9):91-99.score: 60.0
    Are the French really ? Jeff Mitchell investigates what motivates such U.S. anti-French sentiments.
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  18. Sandra D. Mitchell (2000). Dimensions of Scientific Law. Philosophy of Science 67 (2):242-265.score: 30.0
    Biological knowledge does not fit the image of science that philosophers have developed. Many argue that biology has no laws. Here I criticize standard normative accounts of law and defend an alternative, pragmatic approach. I argue that a multidimensional conceptual framework should replace the standard dichotomous law/accident distinction in order to display important differences in the kinds of causal structure found in nature and the corresponding scientific representations of those structures. To this end I explore the dimensions of stability, strength, (...)
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  19. Andrew J. Mitchell (2005). Heidegger and Terrorism. Research in Phenomenology 35 (1):181-218.score: 30.0
    Terrorism is a metaphysical problem that concerns the presence of beings today. Heidegger's own thinking of being makes possible a confrontation with terrorism on four fronts: 1) Heidegger's conception of war in the age of technological replacement goes beyond the Clausewitzian model of war and all its modernist-subjectivist presuppositions, 2) Heidegger thinks "terror" (Erschrecken) as the fundamental mood of our time, 3) Heideggerian thinking is attuned to the nature of the terrorist "threat" and the "danger" that we face today, 4) (...)
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  20. Sandra D. Mitchell (1997). Pragmatic Laws. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):479.score: 30.0
    Beatty, Brandon, and Sober agree that biological generalizations, when contingent, do not qualify as laws. Their conclusion follows from a normative definition of law inherited from the Logical Empiricists. I suggest two additional approaches: paradigmatic and pragmatic. Only the pragmatic represents varying kinds and degrees of contingency and exposes the multiple relationships found among scientific generalizations. It emphasizes the function of laws in grounding expectation and promotes the evaluation of generalizations along continua of ontological and representational parameters. Stability of conditions (...)
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  21. Sam Mitchell (2009). Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. By P. Kyle Stanford. Metaphilosophy 40 (5):719-723.score: 30.0
  22. Sam Mitchell (2010). Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective. By Bas C. Van Fraassen. Metaphilosophy 41 (5):717-722.score: 30.0
  23. Sandra D. Mitchell (2012). Emergence: Logical, Functional and Dynamical. [REVIEW] Synthese 185 (2):171-186.score: 30.0
    Philosophical accounts of emergence have been explicated in terms of logical relationships between statements (derivation) or static properties (function and realization). Jaegwon Kim is a modern proponent. A property is emergent if it is not explainable by (or reducible to) the properties of lower level components. This approach, I will argue, is unable to make sense of the kinds of emergence that are widespread in scientific explanations of complex systems. The standard philosophical notion of emergence posits the wrong dichotomies, confuses (...)
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  24. Jason Megill & Joshua M. Mitchell (2009). A Modest Modal Ontological Argument. Ratio 22 (3):338-349.score: 30.0
    We formulate a new modal ontological argument; specifically, we show that there is a possible world in which an entity that has at least the property of omnipotence exists. Then we argue that if such an entity is possible, it is necessary as well.
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  25. Willie E. Hopkins, Shirley A. Hopkins & Bryant C. Mitchell (2008). Ethical Consistency in Managerial Decisions. Ethics and Behavior 18 (1):26 – 43.score: 30.0
    Managers often encounter situations that require them to make decisions with ethical implications that affect the organization as well as the managers themselves. The issue we address in this study concerns whether the ethical consistency of managerial decisions is situation dependent. That is, are the decisions managers make ethically consistent when they are faced with different ethical situations? We hypothesize that managerial decisions will vary depending on the type of ethical situation they encounter. We also hypothesize that gender plays a (...)
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  26. Sandra D. Mitchell (2002). Ceteris Paribus — an Inadequate Representation for Biological Contingency. Erkenntnis 57 (3):329-350.score: 30.0
    It has been claimed that ceteris paribus laws, rather than strict laws are the proper aim of the special sciences. This is so because the causal regularities found in these domains are exception-ridden, being contingent on the presence of the appropriate conditions and the absence of interfering factors. I argue that the ceteris paribus strategy obscures rather than illuminates the important similarities and differences between representations of causal regularities in the exact and inexact sciences. In particular, a detailed account of (...)
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  27. Sandra D. Mitchell (2008). Exporting Causal Knowledge in Evolutionary and Developmental Biology. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):697-706.score: 30.0
    In this article I consider the challenges for exporting causal knowledge raised by complex biological systems. In particular, James Woodward’s interventionist approach to causality identified three types of stability in causal explanation: invariance, modularity, and insensitivity. I consider an example of robust degeneracy in genetic regulatory networks and knockout experimental practice to pose methodological and conceptual questions for our understanding of causal explanation in biology. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of (...)
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  28. Sandra D. Mitchell (2002). Integrative Pluralism. Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):55-70.score: 30.0
    The `fact' of pluralism in science is nosurprise. Yet, if science is representing andexplaining the structure of the oneworld, why is there such a diversity ofrepresentations and explanations in somedomains? In this paper I consider severalphilosophical accounts of scientific pluralismthat explain the persistence of bothcompetitive and compatible alternatives. PaulSherman's `Levels of Analysis' account suggeststhat in biology competition betweenexplanations can be partitioned by the type ofquestion being investigated. I argue that thisaccount does not locate competition andcompatibility correctly. I then defend anintegrative (...)
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  29. Andrew J. Mitchell (2011). The Exposure of Grace: Dimensionality in Late Heidegger. Research in Phenomenology 40 (3):309-330.score: 30.0
    Heidegger's reflections on grace culminate in the years 1949-54 where grace names a figure for the ineluctable exposure of existence. Heidegger rethinks the relationship between what exists and the world in which it is found as one that is always open to grace. For Heidegger, this world is what he terms the “dimension” between earth and sky. The relationship is only possible where existence is no longer construed as a self-contained presence but instead is thought as something between presence and (...)
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  30. Alexandre Ardichvili, James A. Mitchell & Douglas Jondle (2009). Characteristics of Ethical Business Cultures. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):445 - 451.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this study was to identify general characteristics attributed to ethical business cultures by executives from a variety of industries. Our research identified five clusters of characteristics: Mission- and Values-Driven, Stakeholder Balance, Leadership Effectiveness, Process Integrity, and Long-term Perspective. We propose that these characteristics be used as a foundation of a comprehensive model that can be engaged to influence operational practices in creating and sustaining an ethical business culture.
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  31. Sam Mitchell (1993). Mach's Mechanics and Absolute Space and Time. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (4):565-583.score: 30.0
  32. O. Freestone & V. Mitchell (2004). Generation Y Attitudes Towards E-Ethics and Internet-Related Misbehaviours. Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):121 - 128.score: 30.0
    Aberrant consumer behaviour costs firms millions of pounds a year, and the Internet has provided young techno-literate consumers with a new medium to exploit businesses. This paper addresses Internet related ethics and describes the ways in which young consumers misdemean on the Internet and their attitudes towards these. Using a sample of 219 generation Y consumers, the study identified 24 aberrant behaviours which grouped into five factors; illegal, questionable activities, hacking related, human Internet trade and downloading. Those perceived as least (...)
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  33. Ignacio Ávila (2014). Evans on Bodily Awareness and Perceptual Self‐Location. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):269-287.score: 30.0
    In Chapter 7 of The Varieties of Reference Evans implicitly outlines a view to the effect that bodily awareness plays no role in perceptual self-location or in the specification of our perceptual perspective of the world. In this paper I discuss this story and offer an alternative proposal. Then I explore some consequences of this account for our understanding of the elusiveness of the self in perceptual experience.
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  34. Jeff Mitchell & Mirella Lapata (2010). Composition in Distributional Models of Semantics. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1388-1429.score: 30.0
    Vector-based models of word meaning have become increasingly popular in cognitive science. The appeal of these models lies in their ability to represent meaning simply by using distributional information under the assumption that words occurring within similar contexts are semantically similar. Despite their widespread use, vector-based models are typically directed at representing words in isolation, and methods for constructing representations for phrases or sentences have received little attention in the literature. This is in marked contrast to experimental evidence (e.g., in (...)
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  35. Basil Mitchell (1961). The Justification of Religious Belief. Philosophical Quarterly 11 (44):213-226.score: 30.0
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  36. Antony Flew & Basil Mitchell (2009). Theology and Falsification. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Exploring Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Oxford University Press. 28-29.score: 30.0
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  37. Timothy Mitchell (1977). Bergson, le Bon, and Hermetic Cubism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (2):175-183.score: 30.0
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  38. Basil Mitchell & J. R. Lucas (2003). An Engagement with Plato's Republic. Ashgate.score: 30.0
    Introductions should introduce, but sometimes lead to engagements. That is our aim. We want to make Plato’s Republic more easily read by modern readers, but do not want to do only that. For philosophy is like poetry, and cannot be learned second-hand. I can learn all sorts of facts about a poem, but unless I have entered into the poet’s experience, if only in my imagination, it remains dead. Similarly, I shall not see the point of text-book analyses of philosophical (...)
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  39. Rebecca Kukla, Miriam Kuppermann, Margaret Little, Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Lisa M. Mitchell, Elizabeth M. Armstrong & Lisa Harris (2009). Finding Autonomy in Birth. Bioethics 23 (1):1-8.score: 30.0
    Over the last several years, as cesarean deliveries have grown increasingly common, there has been a great deal of public and professional interest in the phenomenon of women 'choosing' to deliver by cesarean section in the absence of any specific medical indication. The issue has sparked intense conversation, as it raises questions about the nature of autonomy in birth. Whereas mainstream bioethical discourse is used to associating autonomy with having a large array of choices, this conception of autonomy does not (...)
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  40. Peter Mitchell, Ulrich Teucher, Mark Bennett, Fenja Ziegler & Rebecca Wyton (2009). Do Children Start Out Thinking They Don't Know Their Own Minds? Mind and Language 24 (3):328-346.score: 30.0
    Various researchers have suggested that below 7 years of age children do not recognize that they are the authority on knowledge about themselves, a suggestion that seems counter-intuitive because it raises the possibility that children do not appreciate their privileged first-person access to their own minds. Unlike previous research, children in the current investigation quantified knowledge and even 5-year-olds tended to assign relatively more to themselves than to an adult (Studies 1 and 2). Indeed, children's estimations were different from ratings (...)
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  41. Sandra D. Mitchell (1995). Function, Fitness and Disposition. Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):39-54.score: 30.0
    In this paper I discuss recent debates concerning etiological theories of functions. I defend an etiological theory against two criticisms, namely the ability to account for malfunction, and the problem of structural doubles. I then consider the arguments provided by Bigelow and Pargetter (1987) for a more forward looking account of functions as propensities or dispositions. I argue that their approach fails to address the explanatory problematic for which etiological theories were developed.
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  42. Wesley C. Mitchell (1944). Facts and Values in Economics. Journal of Philosophy 41 (8):212-219.score: 30.0
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  43. Chris J. Mitchell, Jan De Houwer & Peter F. Lovibond (2009). The Propositional Nature of Human Associative Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):183-198.score: 30.0
    The past 50 years have seen an accumulation of evidence suggesting that associative learning depends on high-level cognitive processes that give rise to propositional knowledge. Yet, many learning theorists maintain a belief in a learning mechanism in which links between mental representations are formed automatically. We characterize and highlight the differences between the propositional and link approaches, and review the relevant empirical evidence. We conclude that learning is the consequence of propositional reasoning processes that cooperate with the unconscious processes involved (...)
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  44. Sandra D. Mitchell (2006). Modularity?More Than a Buzzword?: Modularity in Development and Evolution Gerhard Schlosser and G�Nter P. Wagner , Eds Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003 (600 Pp; $35.00 Pbk; ISBN 0226738558); Modularity: Understanding the Development and Evolution of Natural Complex Systems Werner Callebaut and Diego Rasskin-Gutman , Eds Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005 (464 Pp; $55.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262033267). [REVIEW] Biological Theory 1 (1):98-101.score: 30.0
  45. Sam Mitchell (1995). Toward a Defensible Bootstrapping. Philosophy of Science 62 (2):241-260.score: 30.0
    An amended bootstrapping can avoid Christensen's counterexamples. Earman and Edidin argue that Christensen's examples to bootstrapping rely on his failure to analyze background knowledge. I add an additional condition to bootstrapping that is motivated by Glymour's remarks on variety of evidence. I argue that it avoids the problems that the examples raise. I defend the modification against the charge that it is holistic, and that it collapses into Bayesianism.
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  46. Shaheen Borna & Stephen Avila (1999). Genetic Information: Consumers' Right to Privacy Versus Insurance Companies' Right to Know a Public Opinion Survey. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):355 - 362.score: 30.0
    In this paper we present arguments for and against the disclosure of genetic information to the insurance companies. One of the main issues which emerges from these arguments is the question of who should be responsible for the health insurance costs of the individuals who are most likely to be affected by the disclosure of genetic information. The results of a resident opinion survey related to the above question are presented and public policy alternatives related to the survey findings are (...)
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  47. Sandra D. Mitchell (1989). The Causal Background of Functional Explanation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 3 (2):213 – 229.score: 30.0
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  48. Chris J. Mitchell, Jan De Houwer & Peter F. Lovibond (2009). Link-Based Learning Theory Creates More Problems Than It Solves. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):230-246.score: 30.0
    In this response, we provide further clarification of the propositional approach to human associative learning. We explain why the empirical evidence favors the propositional approach over a dual-system approach and how the propositional approach is compatible with evolution and neuroscience. Finally, we point out aspects of the propositional approach that need further development and challenge proponents of dual-system models to specify the systems more clearly so that these models can be tested.
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  49. Robert W. Mitchell & James R. Anderson (1998). Primate Theory of Mind is a Turing Test. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):127-128.score: 30.0
    Heyes's literature review of deception, imitation, and self-recognition is inadequate, misleading, and erroneous. The anaesthetic artifact hypothesis of self-recognition is unsupported by the data she herself examines. Her proposed experiment is tantalizing, indicating that theory of mind is simply a Turing test.
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  50. Sandra D. Mitchell (2007). The Import of Uncertainty. The Pluralist 2 (1):58 - 71.score: 30.0
    In this paper I argue that two domains of uncertainty should inform our strategies for making social policy on new genetic technologies. The first is biological complexity, which includes both unknown consequences on known variables and unknown unknowns. The second is value pluralism, which includes both moral conflict and moral pluralism. This framework is used to investigate policy on genetically modified food and suggests that adaptive management is required to track changes in biological knowledge of these interventions and that less (...)
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