The purpose of this paper was to determine whether the individual attributes of locus of control, gender, major in college and years of job experience affect the acceptability of certain workplace behaviors. A total of 198 college students of a mid-sized southeastern university formed the sample for this study. Locus of control, gender and years of job experience were found to have some affect on whether an individual considered a certain behavior acceptable or unacceptable.
Companies operating and located in emerging economy nations routinely couch their corporate social responsibility (CSR) work in nation-building terms. In this article, I focus on the Indian context and critically examine mainstream CSR discourse from the perspective of the culture-centered approach (CCA). Accordingly, five main themes of CSR stand out: nation-building facade, underlying neoliberal logics, CSR as voluntary, CSR as synergetic, and a clear urban bias. Next, I outline a CCA-inspired CSR framework that allows corporate responsibility to be re-claimed and (...) re-framed by subaltern communities of interest. I identify such resistive openings via interrogations of culture (I focus on oft-cited Gandhian ethics here), structure (State policy, organizational strategy, and global/local flows), and agency (subaltern reframing of institutional responsibility, engagement with alternative modes of agency, and deconstructive vigilance). (shrink)
The last 20 years have seen a staggering growth in the practice of off-shoring clinical research to low-and middle-income countries (LICs and MICs), a growth that has been matched by the neoliberal policies adopted by host countries towards attracting trials to their shores. A recurring concern in this context is the charge of exploitation, linked to various aspects of off-shoring. In this paper, I examine Alan Wertheimer's approach and offer an alternative view of understanding exploitation in this context. I will (...) suggest that the justification for the enterprise of research is largely dependent on its integration within a health system from which participants regularly benefit and I argue that an attention to a principle of reciprocity will enable us to better recognize and address exploitation in international research. (shrink)
We emphasize that the pressure related work appearing in a general relativistic first law of thermodynamics should involve proper volume element rather than coordinate volume element. This point is highlighted by considering both local energy momentum conservation equation as well as particle number conservation equation. It is also emphasized that we are considering here a non-singular fluid governed by purely classical general relativity. Therefore, we are not considering here any semi-classical or quantum gravity which apparently suggests thermodynamical properties even for (...) a (singular) black hole. Having made such a clarification, we formulate a global first law of thermodynamics for an adiabatically evolving spherical perfect fluid. It may be verified that such a global first law of thermodynamics, for a non-singular fluid, has not been formulated earlier. (shrink)
Concerns arising from global sociopolitical differences, and increasing economic and health disparities, have brought new considerations to the field of bioethics, both in terms of applications and to foundational concepts such as exploitation and vulnerability.In this paper, we aim to contribute to the discourse on exploitation and vulnerability in a way that reflects such global changes. We will explore the link between vulnerability and exploitation, and argue that exploitation can be understood as taking advantage of vulnerabilities, provided we recognize that (...) vulnerabilities are often embedded within existing structural injustices.We begin by presenting an example of organ trading, which helps to illustrate .. (shrink)
Magnetic and mechanical properties were evaluated for various heat-treated Cu-strengthened HSLA-100 steels. After austenitizing at 1183?K for one hour and then water quenching, the material was aged at different temperatures ranging between 623?K and 973?K for one hour. Scanning and transmission electron microscopes with an energy dispersive X-ray attachment were used for microstructural analysis. Nanosize coherent copper precipitates caused an increase in hardness with increase in ageing temperature. The steel exhibited maximum hardness at 773?K followed by decrease in hardness with (...) over-ageing. Copper precipitates coarsened and lost coherency during over-ageing. Ageing behaviour again exhibited an increase in hardness at 973?K due to the formation of new martensite islands. Magnetic hysteresis loop and magnetic Barkhausen emissions techniques were used to characterize the aged materials. No correlation was observed between the magnetic parameters and hardness. The results were explained by the fact that nanosize Cu precipitates, the size of which is much smaller than the domain wall width, did not influence the magnetic domain dynamics. (shrink)
I examine here Theory and Scholarship (taken to be formalized social scientific frameworks that seek to map out the real world and social actions in an objective fashion) via an autoethnographic lens. Chiefly, I ask how autoethnography as a research method reconfigures them: how may we extend knowledge using autoethnography? While much critique has centered on the "doing" (dispassionately?) versus "being" (going native?) of autoethnography, I argue that such a dichotomy is inherently false. Instead, doing is located within the ethnographer's (...) very being, so that a closer look at the autoethnographic research process is required, from conception to implementation to introspection. I attempt such a processual analysis here: drawing on an earlier social scientific project, I relate the intellectual and social process whereby it was translated into an autoethnography. Using a performative lens to illustrate the dialectical mode of doing and being in the research process, I intersperse portions of personal narrative with academic writing, to enable a disjunctural appreciation of the various layers of interpretation. While the epistemic framework I hold to here is indeed a poststructural one, privileging fragmentation and social situatedness, it also emphasizes continuity and interconnections in the research process. (shrink)
The paper addresses the structural, crystallization, soft magnetic and Curie temperature behaviour of Co36Fe36Si4B20Nb4 alloy. The material, prepared in the form of ribbons by melt-spinning technique, was amorphous in the as-cast state. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed two stages of crystallization whereas thermal variation of electrical resistivity (TER) carried out to a higher range of temperature indicated three stages of crystallization. The first crystallization stage, which occurred at 845?K and 825?K in DSC and TER, respectively, was due to the formation (...) of nanophase (CoFe)2Si as evidenced by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The formation of these nanoparticles reduced the magnetocrystalline anisotropy, thereby revealing good soft magnetic properties in the samples annealed between 825?K and 875?K with coercivity less than 49.9?A?m?1 (627?mOe) and susceptibility???0.72???103. In this optimum nanocrystalline state, the material also exhibited a high Curie temperature above 1100?K, opening the scope of the present nanocrystalline alloy for high temperature applications. (shrink)
This study reports synthesis of Al65Cu20Ti15 amorphous alloy by mechanical alloying and consolidation of the powder mass by pulsed plasma sintering. During sintering, several intermetallic phases precipitate from the amorphous matrix and cause a significant increase in nano-hardness and elastic modulus. Microstructure in as-milled and sintered conditions was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning/transmission electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetric. Among various conditions of sintering, the composites pulse plasma, sintered at 500°C, show the high compression strength (1745 MPa) and high indentation (...) fracture toughness (4.96 MPa m1/2); although, the maximum density (3.73 Mg/in3), nano-hardness (14 GPa) and Young's modulus (208 GPa) in the present alloy have been obtained in the composites pulse plasma sintered at 600°C. (shrink)
This article argues that the concept and practice of ?self-organized learning?, as pioneered by Sugata Mitra (and his team) in the ?Hole-in-the-Wall? experiments (1999?2005) that inspired the novel Q & A (2006) and the resulting movie, Slumdog millionaire (2008) bear direct, but not uncritical comparison with Jacques Rancière?s account of ?universal teaching? discovered by maverick nineteenth century French pedagogue Joseph Jacotot. In both cases, it is argued, there is a deliberate dissociation of two functions of ?teaching? that are often (...) conflated: knowledge and mastery. Mitra?s development of computer-mediated learning among the supposedly ?ignorant? of India?s slums, and Rancière?s insistence on equality as a presupposition rather than a goal, both emphasize the agency of the student at the centre of learning, but in ways that displace both established pedagogical methods of ?explication? and the neoliberal ideology of ?schooling? as the harmonizing of individual and social functions of education. (shrink)
In his 1939 essay, “Creative Democracy – The Task Before Us,” John Dewey described democracy as “a way of personal life controlled not merely by faith in human nature in general but by faith in the capacity of human beings for intelligent judgment and action if proper conditions are furnished.”1 While this may seem an odd definition, it is emblematic of the reconstructive tendency in Dewey’s philosophy. If we are to achieve a truly democratic society, we must reconstruct democracy itself (...) – our personal lives must become more democratic if we are to have hopes for our political institutions. And central to this reconstruction, as Dewey points out in this essay, is a recognition of the roles of communication and education in the interest of democratzing ends. It seems hardly worth mentioning the role played by information technology in our contemporary modes of communication and education, given the centrality of the personal computer and the Internet in our everyday lives. For most of us in this room, and especially for those under the age of 25, it is difficult to remember a time before the home computer, before e-mail and instant messaging. But it is vitally important to bear in mind that the technological advantages of Western life are not universal – large.. (shrink)
Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Resumo Este estudo analisa, por meio das cartas produzidas pelos prelados do século XVIII, o emprego dos ritos litúrgicos e festas oficiais em prol da afirmação da autoridade da Igreja e do Estado na capitania de Minas Gerais. Àquela altura, a engrenagem do governo colonial, que envolveu atividades administrativas, econômicas e militares; não prescindiu de um aparato de representação pública dos poderes. Tratados sobre a doutrinação dos gentios circulavam pela Europa; os ritos e (...) festas oficiais eram regulados pelas Leis do Reino e constituições diocesanas. Deveriam teatralizar a ordem colonial de dominação, produzir admiração, temor e respeito nas pessoas. As autoridades coloniais eram obrigadas a tomar parte nos ritos, de modo a reafirmar a ordem colonial e defender a hierarquia e o domínio dos espaços conquistados. Palavras-chave: Igreja Católica; episcopado; colonização; visitas pastorais; liturgia.This study examines, through various correspondences in the eighteenth century, the use of liturgical rites and official parties in order to affirming the authority of church of state. Gear colonial involved several activities - administrative, economic and military; but also understood an apparatus of public representation of powers. Treaties about the indoctrination of the gentiles circulated throughoutEurope. The rites and official celebrations were regulated by laws ofkingdom and diocesan constitutions. They should dramatize the colonial order of domination, produce admiration, fear, and respect in people. The colonial authorities were obliged to take part in them; aimed at reaffirm the colonial order and defend to the hierarchy and the domination of the conquered areas. key-words: Catholic Church; episcopacy; colonization; pastoral visits; liturgy. (shrink)
This paper offers a deconstructive analysis of the work of Mitra Gholamain and Keith Oatley. The authors’ treatment of fiction as a simulation of psychic reality can be inverted; psychic reality is already constituted by non-literal narrative elements. I offer empirical considerations drawn from current psychological literature. The relationship between readers’ psychology and works of narrativefiction is a constitutive structural similarity, rather than simply a psychological process of simulation.
The crystallization behaviour and Curie temperature of melt-spun Co71? x Fe x Cr7Si8B14 (x?=?0, 2, 3.2, 4, 6, 8 and 12?at.%) amorphous alloys have been studied. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed two stages of crystallization. The first stage of crystallization (T X1) in the alloy with 6?at.%?Fe was the highest and it had the highest activation energy. X-ray diffraction studies revealed that the primary crystalline phase is hcp-(CoCr)2Si for Fe-free alloy, whereas (CoFeCr)2Si and (CoFeCr)3Si phases were formed with the addition (...) of Fe. hcp-Co was also formed along with these phases. The secondary crystalline phases were fcc-Co and various boron-rich phases. The Curie temperature of the alloys also changed with the addition of Fe to the system. Like the primary crystallization temperature, the Curie temperature of the alloys did not vary systematically with the Fe content. The addition of Fe to the Co-based system changes the nearest-neighbour interaction. This changes the exchange interaction between the transition metal elements. Due to the asymmetry in the Bethe?Slater curve, a systematic variation with Fe addition was not observed in the Curie temperature measurement. (shrink)