Search results for 'Mixed gases' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Karen R. Zwier (2011). John Dalton's Puzzles: From Meteorology to Chemistry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):58-66.
    Historical research on John Dalton has been dominated by an attempt to reconstruct the origins of his so-called "chemical atomic theory". I show that Dalton's theory is difficult to define in any concise manner, and that there has been no consensus as to its unique content among his contemporaries, later chemists, and modern historians. I propose an approach which, instead of attempting to work backward from Dalton's theory, works forward, by identifying the research questions that Dalton posed to himself and (...)
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  2. Arnold Thackray (1966). The Emergence of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory: 1801-08. British Journal for the History of Science 3 (1):1-23.
    The slow emergence of Dalton's chemical atomic theory has long been a considerable puzzle to historians of science The lengthy delay between Dalton's early work on mixed gases and particle weights and the eventual publication of the first part of his New System of Chemical Philosophy has called forth a variety of explanations. It is now more than half a century since A. N. Meldrum stressed“…the efforts Dalton had to make, in order to arouse attention to the importance (...)
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  3.  86
    Marcus P. Adams (2016). Hobbes on Natural Philosophy as "True Physics" and Mixed Mathematics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:43-51.
    I offer an alternative account of the relationship of Hobbesian geometry to natural philosophy by arguing that mixed mathematics provided Hobbes with a model for thinking about it. In mixed mathematics, one may borrow causal principles from one science and use them in another science without there being a deductive relationship between those two sciences. Natural philosophy for Hobbes is mixed because an explanation may combine observations from experience (the ‘that’) with causal principles from geometry (the ‘why’). (...)
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  4.  37
    Leonardo Becchetti & Benjamin Huybrechts (2008). The Dynamics of Fair Trade as a Mixed-Form Market. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):733 - 750.
    This article analyses the Fair Trade sector as a “mixed-form market,” i.e., a market in which different types of players (in this case, nonprofit, co-operative and for-profit organizations) coexist and compete. The purposes of this article are (1) to understand the factors that have led Fair Trade to become a mixed-form market and (2) to propose some trails to understand the market dynamics that result from the interactions between the different types of players. We start by defining briefly (...)
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  5.  16
    Emar Maier (2014). Mixed Quotation: The Grammar of Apparently Transparent Opacity. Semantics and Pragmatics 7 (7):1--67.
    The phenomenon of mixed quotation exhibits clear signs of both the apparent transparency of compositional language use and the opacity of pure quotation. I argue that the interpretation of a mixed quotation in- volves the resolution of a metalinguistic presupposition. The leading idea behind my proposal is that a mixed-quoted expression, say, “has an anomalous feature”, means what x referred to with the words ‘has an anomalous feature’. To understand how this solves the paradox, I set up (...)
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  6.  18
    Philip L. Baird, Pinar Celikkol Geylani & Jeffrey A. Roberts (2012). Corporate Social and Financial Performance Re-Examined: Industry Effects in a Linear Mixed Model Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):367-388.
    In this research, we shed new light on the empirical link between corporate social performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) via the application of empirical models and methods new to the CSP–CFP literature. Applying advanced financial models to a uniquely constructed panel dataset, we demonstrate that a significant overall CSP–CFP relationship exists and that this relationship is, in part, conditioned on firms’ industry-specific context. To accommodate the estimation of time-invariant industry and industry-interaction effects, we estimate linear mixed models (...)
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  7.  5
    Adam Stewart-Wallace (forthcoming). An Old Solution to the Problem of Mixed Atomics. Acta Analytica:1-10.
    This paper examines a difficulty for various forms of truth pluralism, known in the literature as the problem of ‘mixed atomics’. It is argued that two prominent attempts to respond to the difficulty—those of Jeremy Wyatt and Gila Sher—fail. In their place, an alternative is offered based on parts of Crispin Wright’s Truth and Objectivity programme. It is argued that the Wrightian approach works because it substitutes traditional conceptions of truth-relevant properties, for example correspondence and coherence, for criteria of (...)
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  8.  3
    Anthony Vincent Fernandez (2014). Reconsidering the Affective Dimension of Depression and Mania: Towards a Phenomenological Dissolution of the Paradox of Mixed States. Journal of Psychopathology 20 (4):414-422.
    In this paper, I examine recent phenomenological research on both depressive and manic episodes, with the intention of showing how phenomenologically oriented studies can help us overcome the apparently paradoxical nature of mixed states. First, I argue that some of the symptoms included in the diagnostic criteria for depressive and manic episodes in the DSM-5 are not actually essential features of these episodes. Second, I reconsider the category of major depressive disorder (MDD) from the perspective of phenomenological psychopathology, arguing (...)
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  9.  22
    Steffen Andersen, Glenn W. Harrison, Arne Risa Hole, Morten Lau & E. Elisabet Rutström (2012). Non-Linear Mixed Logit. Theory and Decision 73 (1):77-96.
    We develop an extension of the familiar linear mixed logit model to allow for the direct estimation of parametric non-linear functions defined over structural parameters. Classic applications include the estimation of coefficients of utility functions to characterize risk attitudes and discounting functions to characterize impatience. There are several unexpected benefits of this extension, apart from the ability to directly estimate structural parameters of theoretical interest.
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  10.  8
    Patrick Roger (2011). Mixed Risk Aversion and Preference for Risk Disaggregation: A Story of Moments. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 70 (1):27-44.
    In a recent article entitled “Putting Risk in its Proper Place,” Eeckhoudt and Schlesinger (2006) established a theorem linking the sign of the n-th derivative of an agent’s utility function to her preferences among pairs of simple lotteries. We characterize these lotteries and show that, in a given pair, they only differ by their moments of order greater than or equal to n. When the n-th derivative of the utility function is positive (negative) and n is odd (even), the agent (...)
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  11.  5
    Jan Gertken (2016). Mixed Feelings About Mixed Solutions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):59-69.
    The numbers problem concerns the question of what is the right thing to do in trade-off cases where one can save different non-overlapping groups of persons, but not everyone. Proponents of mixed solutions argue that both saving the many and holding a lottery to determine whom to save can each be morally right in such cases, depending on the relative sizes of the groups involved. In his book The Dimensions of Consequentialism, Martin Peterson presents an ingenious version of such (...)
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  12.  17
    Tom Bates (2015). Mixed Traits and Dispositions: Critical Discussion of Christian Miller, ‘Moral Character: An Empirical Theory’ and ‘Character and Moral Psychology’. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):421-424.
    “Moral Character: An Empirical Theory” and “Character and Moral Psychology” represent part of the research output of the Templeton-funded Character Project, which was headed by Christian Miller. In ‘Moral Character’, Miller develops his “mixed trait” account of character. The first two parts consist in conceptual background and the empirical grounding for his account . In part three Miller develops and describes his account, before showing the extent of its application in part four . In ‘Character and Moral Psychology”, he (...)
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  13.  64
    Karen Nielsen (2007). Dirtying Aristotle's Hands? Aristotle's Analysis of 'Mixed Acts' in the Nicomachean Ethics III, 1. Phronesis 52 (3):270-300.
    The analysis of 'mixed acts' in Nicomachean Ethics III, 1 has led scholars to attribute a theory of 'dirty hands' and 'impossible oughts' to Aristode. Michael Stocker argues that Aristode recognizes particular acts that are simultaneously 'right, even obligatory', but nevertheless 'wrong, shameful and the like'. And Martha Nussbaum commends Aristotle for not sympathizing 'with those who, in politics or in private affairs, would so shrink from blame and from unacceptable action that they would be unable to take a (...)
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  14.  7
    Kevin Joseph Brown (2010). The Economics and Ethics of Mixed Communities: Exploring the Philosophy of Integration Through the Lens of the Subprime Financial Crisis in the US. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):35 - 50.
    This article specifically aims to address both the economic and ethical implications of mixed communities in the US through the lens of market failure, and more specifically, the recent subprime financial crisis. Relative to the research of mixed communities and social integration efforts, I first intend to explore income mix as an explanatory variable of census tract level foreclosure rates in the state of Ohio, USA. I aim to show that counter-homogenous income communities display a greater capacity to (...)
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  15.  2
    Bradford J. Wiggins (2011). Confronting the Dilemma of Mixed Methods. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (1):44.
    Recent decades have seen a proliferation of research methods, both quantitative and qualitative, available to psychologists. Whereas some scholars have claimed that qualitative and quantitative methods are inherently opposed, recently many more researchers have argued in favor of “mixed methods” approaches. In this article the author presents a review of the literature on the issue of how to meaningfully relate qualitative and quantitative approaches, with a particular emphasis on recent calls for mixed methods. The relative success of (...)-methods approaches is examined, and some of the common pitfalls of these approaches are outlined. 2012 APA, all rights reserved). (shrink)
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  16.  3
    Vincent Conitzer (2016). On Stackelberg Mixed Strategies. Synthese 193 (3):689-703.
    It is sometimes the case that one solution concept in game theory is equivalent to applying another solution concept to a modified version of the game. In such cases, does it make sense to study the former separately, or should we entirely subordinate it to the latter? The answer probably depends on the particular circumstances, and indeed the literature takes different approaches in different cases. In this article, I consider the specific example of Stackelberg mixed strategies. I argue that, (...)
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  17.  37
    Timothy J. Nulty (2010). The Metaphysics of Mixed Inferences: Problems with Functionalist Accounts of Alethic Pluralism. [REVIEW] Metaphysica 11 (2):153-162.
    Alethic pluralists argue truth is a metaphysically robust higher-order property that is multiply realized by a set of diverse and domain-specific subvening alethic properties. The higher-order truth property legitimizes mixed inferences and accounts for a univocal truth predicate. Absent of this higher-order property, pluralists lack an account of the validity of mixed inferences and an adequate semantics for the truth predicate and thereby appear forced to abandon the central tenets of alethic pluralism. I argue the use of many-valued (...)
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  18.  21
    Gavin B. Sullivan & Kenneth T. Strongman (2003). Vacillating and Mixed Emotions: A Conceptual-Discursive Perspective on Contemporary Emotion and Cognitive Appraisal Theories Through Examples of Pride. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (2):203–226.
    Vacillating and mixed emotional experiences are often difficult to explore and understand because they confront the limits of our language's ability to capture private experiences in extreme or abnormal circumstances. In this paper, we build upon remarks by Wittgenstein (1953) to present a conceptual-discursive perspective based on naturalistic examples of individuals vacillating between pride and other emotions. This perspective is used to show how relevant emotion theories contain conceptual errors of the sort identified by Wittgenstein. The “assembled reminders” of (...)
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  19.  15
    Vitaly Pruzhansky (2013). Maximin Play in Completely Mixed Strategic Games. Theory and Decision 75 (4):543-561.
    Since the seminal paper of Nash (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 36:48–49, 1950) game theoretic literature has focused mostly on equilibrium and not on maximin (minimax) strategies. In a recent paper of Pruzhansky (Int J Game Theory 40:351–365, 2011) it was shown that under fairy general conditions maximin strategies in completely mixed games can guarantee the same expected payoff as completely mixed Nash equilibrium strategies. Based on this finding, the current paper argues that maximin strategies have important properties. (...)
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  20.  8
    Joshua Sack & Wiebe van der Hoek (2014). A Modal Logic for Mixed Strategies. Studia Logica 102 (2):339-360.
    Modal logics have proven to be a very successful tool for reasoning about games. However, until now, although logics have been put forward for games in both normal form and games in extensive form, and for games with complete and incomplete information, the focus in the logic community has hitherto been on games with pure strategies. This paper is a first to widen the scope to logics for games that allow mixed strategies. We present a modal logic for games (...)
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  21.  5
    Andy Williamson (2010). Using Mixed Methods to Discover Emergent Patterns of Local eDemocracy. AI and Society 25 (3):321-333.
    Research in an emergent field requires the researcher to consider appropriate methodologies. This paper describes research that attempts to discover how new technologies can influence local democratic engagement. It describes an interpretive research project informed by critical social theory that uses an explanatory mixed methods approach, combining two sequential data collection methods. The study incorporates a survey instrument and qualitative interviewing, analysed using Grounded Theory Methodology. The paper will describe the context for the research, the choice of a (...) methods approach and relate this to an epistemology and ontology. The paper does not discuss the research findings but focuses on the research process and methodology and provides reflection on the outcomes and the challenges of the chosen approach. It demonstrates that mixed methods research is appropriate in a narrow and emergent field of study and that it offers methodological flexibility whilst promoting rigour and grounded results. (shrink)
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  22.  1
    Tina Fernandes Botts (ed.) (2016). Philosophy and the Mixed Race Experience. Lexington Books.
    This book explores the experiences and philosophical work product of mixed race philosophers, as well as possible links between the two. There are monographs by philosophers that address mixed-race identity, and there are anthologies in the social sciences on mixed-race identity, but this is the first anthology on the philosophy of mixed-race, and the first such anthology that is explicitly and deliberately by mixed-race philosophers.
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  23. Christian Miller (2015). The Mixed Trait Model of Character Traits and the Moral Domains of Resource Distribution and Stealing. In Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology. Oxford University Press 164-191.
    In this paper my goal is to extend my earlier discussion, at least in a preliminary way, to two additional areas – fairness and stealing. In doing so, I will consider whether the existing research is compatible with my Mixed Trait model, or whether instead it gives me reason to be concerned with how broadly applicable the model really is. My conclusion will be that the results are, so to speak, a mixed bag. With respect to fairness research, (...)
     
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  24. C. Miniatura (ed.) (2011). Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: École d'Été de Physique des Houches in Singapore, Session Xci, 29 June-24 July 2009, École Thématique du Cnrs. [REVIEW] Oxford University Press.
    In recent years, there has been much synergy between the exciting areas of quantum information science and ultracold atoms. This volume, as part of the proceedings for the XCI session of Les Houches School of Physics (held for the first time outside Europe in Singapore) brings together experts in both fields. The theme of the school focused on two principal topics: quantum information science and ultracold atomic physics. The topics range from Bose Einstein Condensates to Degenerate Fermi Gases to (...)
     
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  25.  13
    Martin Lipscomb (2008). Mixed Method Nursing Studies: A Critical Realist Critique. Nursing Philosophy 9 (1):32-45.
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  26.  9
    Thomas S. Weisner (2011). “If You Work in This Country You Should Not Be Poor, and Your Kids Should Be Doing Better”: Bringing Mixed Methods and Theory in Psychological Anthropology to Improve Research in Policy and Practice. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (4):455-476.
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  27. Charles Bailey (1983). Mixed Ability Grouping: A Philosophical Perspective. Allen & Unwin.
  28.  16
    Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann (2009). Empirische Forschung in der Medizinethik: Methodenreflexion und forschungspraktische Herausforderungen am Beispiel eines mixed-method Projekts zur ärztlichen Handlungspraxis am Lebensende. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):259-269.
    Der Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung medizinethischer Fragestellungen ist Gegenstand eines aktuellen interdisziplinären Diskurses. Während die Anzahl empirischer Studien, die in medizinethisch relevanten Fachzeitschriften publiziert wurden, in den letzten Jahren zugenommen hat, liegen nach Kenntnis der Autoren kaum methodenreflexive Veröffentlichungen zu konkreten empirischen Forschungsprojekten in der Medizinethik vor. Die Untersuchung der Wechselbeziehungen von Ethik und Empirie anhand ausgewählter interdisziplinärer empirisch medizinethischer Forschungsprojekte erscheint aus mehreren Gründen von Interesse. Zum einen kann auf diese Weise der mögliche Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung (...)
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  29.  7
    Niko Kohls, Anna Hack & Harald Walach (2008). Measuring the Unmeasurable by Ticking Boxes and Opening Pandora's Box? Mixed Methods Research as a Useful Tool for Investigating Exceptional and Spiritual Experiences. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 30 (1):155-187.
    A monomethod bias still prevails in the psychology of religion, with the developing field studying the relationship between religiosity, spirituality and health being almost completely dominated by questionnaire research. This comes as a surprise, because the experiential side of religion, spirituality, can by definition be regarded as inner and private experiences of transcendence that have frequently been described as being of utmost importance. At first glance, from this perspective, standardized questionnaire scales appear to be inappropriate for “measuring the unmeasurable”. Until (...)
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  30. Joel Saegert, Judith Obermeyer & Shahe Kazarian (1973). Organizational Factors in Free Recall of Bilingually Mixed Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):397.
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  31.  3
    Marian Schwartz, Dennis C. Bunde, Richard W. Knitter & Paul D. Kottler (1970). Instructions to Use Verbal Mediators in Learning a Mixed Paired-Associate List. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):245.
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  32.  3
    Henry F. Adams (1917). The Memory Value of Mixed Sizes of Advertisements. Journal of Experimental Psychology 2 (6):448-465.
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  33.  3
    Philip Scowcroft (2009). Generalized Halfspaces in the Mixed-Integer Realm. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (1):43-51.
    In the ordered Abelian group of reals with the integers as a distinguished subgroup, the projection of a finite intersection of generalized halfspaces is a finite intersection of generalized halfspaces. The result is uniform in the integer coefficients and moduli of the initial generalized halfspaces.
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  34.  1
    Laurie J. Legocki, William J. Meurer, Shirley Frederiksen, Roger J. Lewis, Valerie L. Durkalski, Donald A. Berry, William G. Barsan & Michael D. Fetters (2015). Clinical Trialist Perspectives on the Ethics of Adaptive Clinical Trials: A Mixed-Methods Analysis. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):27.
    In an adaptive clinical trial , key trial characteristics may be altered during the course of the trial according to predefined rules in response to information that accumulates within the trial itself. In addition to having distinguishing scientific features, adaptive trials also may involve ethical considerations that differ from more traditional randomized trials. Better understanding of clinical trial experts’ views about the ethical aspects of adaptive designs could assist those planning ACTs. Our aim was to elucidate the opinions of clinical (...)
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  35.  3
    Sylvie Dubois & Carmen G. Loiselle (2009). Cancer Informational Support and Health Care Service Use Among Individuals Newly Diagnosed: A Mixed Methods Approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):346-359.
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  36.  2
    Isabel M. Birnbaum (1968). Response-Class Similarity and First-List Recall with Mixed and Unmixed Transfer Designs. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):542.
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  37. Ronald Ley & Jeffrey Dean (1973). Effects of Associative Reaction Time and Meaningfulness in Free Recall of Mixed and Unmixed Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):220.
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  38.  2
    Donald A. Kausler & George A. Kanoti (1963). R-S Learning and Negative Transfer Effects with a Mixed List. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):201.
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  39.  1
    Niko Kohls, Anna Hack & Harald Walach (2008). Measuring the Unmeasurable by Ticking Boxes and Opening Pandora's Box? Mixed Methods Research as a Useful Tool for Investigating Exceptional and Spiritual Experiences. Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie 30 (1):155-187.
    A monomethod bias still prevails in the psychology of religion, with the developing field studying the relationship between religiosity, spirituality and health being almost completely dominated by questionnaire research. This comes as a surprise, because the experiential side of religion, spirituality, can by definition be regarded as inner and private experiences of transcendence that have frequently been described as being of utmost importance. At first glance, from this perspective, standardized questionnaire scales appear to be inappropriate for “measuring the unmeasurable”. Until (...)
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  40.  1
    Helen M. Twedt & Benton J. Underwood (1959). Mixed Vs. Unmixed Lists in Transfer Studies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):111.
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  41.  1
    J. C. Tsao (1950). Mixed Distribution of Practice in Mirror-Drawing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (6):752.
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  42. Susan Scott-Hunt & Hilary Lim (2005). To Pay Suspicious Attention: Following the Weave of 'Mixed Logics' in Women's Ethical Decision Making. Feminist Legal Studies 13 (2):205-237.
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  43. Albert Silverstein (1972). Acquired Pleasantness and Paired-Associate Learning in Mixed and Homogeneous Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):111.
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  44. Norman J. Slamecka (1967). Transfer with Mixed and Unmixed Lists as a Function of Semantic Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):405.
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  45.  76
    Aaron J. Cotnoir (2009). Generic Truth and Mixed Conjunctions: Some Alternatives. Analysis 69 (3):473-479.
    Christine Tappolet posed a problem for alethic pluralism: either deny the truth of conjunctions whose conjuncts are from distinct domains of inquiry, or posit a generic global truth property thus making other truth properties redundant. Douglas Edwards has attempted to solve the problem by avoiding the horns of Tappolet's dilemma. After first noting an unappreciated consequence of Edwards's view regarding a proliferation of truth properties, I show that Edwards's proposal fails to avoid Tappolet's original dilemma. His response is not successful, (...)
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  46.  95
    Douglas Edwards (2009). Truth-Conditions and the Nature of Truth: Re-Solving Mixed Conjunctions. Analysis 69 (4):684-688.
    Alethic pluralism, on one version of the view , is the idea that truth is to be identified with different properties in different domains of discourse. 1 Whilst we operate with a univocal concept of truth, and a uniform truth predicate, the thought is that the truth property changes from one domain to the next. So the truth property for talk about the nature and state of the material world may be different from the truth property for moral discourse .Tappolet (...)
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  47.  56
    Douglas Edwards (2008). How to Solve the Problem of Mixed Conjunctions. Analysis 68 (298):143–149.
    The problem of mixed conjunctions, due to Tappolet (2000), threatens to undermine alethic pluralism by showing that it cannot account for the truth of conjunctions in which the conjuncts spring from different domains of discourse. In this paper I argue, firstly, that the problem is not just a problem for alethic pluralism and, secondly, that the problem can be solved.
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  48. Christine Tappolet (1997). Mixed Inferences: A Problem for Pluralism About Truth Predicates. Analysis 57 (3):209–210.
    In reply to Geach's objection against expressivism, some have claimed that there is a plurality of truth predicates. I raise a difficulty for this claim: valid inferences can involve sentences assessable by any truth predicate, corresponding to 'lightweight' truth as well as to 'heavyweight' truth. To account for this, some unique truth predicate must apply to all sentences that can appear in inferences. Mixed inferences remind us of a central platitude about truth: truth is what is preserved in valid (...)
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  49.  33
    Pablo Cobreros, Paul Egré, David Ripley & Robert Rooij (2012). Tolerance and Mixed Consequence in the S'valuationist Setting. Studia Logica 100 (4):855-877.
    In a previous paper (see ‘Tolerant, Classical, Strict’, henceforth TCS) we investigated a semantic framework to deal with the idea that vague predicates are tolerant, namely that small changes do not affect the applicability of a vague predicate even if large changes do. Our approach there rests on two main ideas. First, given a classical extension of a predicate, we can define a strict and a tolerant extension depending on an indifference relation associated to that predicate. Second, we can use (...)
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  50.  1
    Naomi Zack (1994). Race and Mixed Race. Temple University Press.
    Author note: Naomi Zack is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Albany. She herself is of mixed race: Jewish, African American, and Native American.
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