Search results for 'Mixed gases' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Karen R. Zwier (2011). John Dalton's Puzzles: From Meteorology to Chemistry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):58-66.score: 60.0
    Historical research on John Dalton has been dominated by an attempt to reconstruct the origins of his so-called "chemical atomic theory". I show that Dalton's theory is difficult to define in any concise manner, and that there has been no consensus as to its unique content among his contemporaries, later chemists, and modern historians. I propose an approach which, instead of attempting to work backward from Dalton's theory, works forward, by identifying the research questions that Dalton posed to himself and (...)
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  2. Karen Nielsen (2007). Dirtying Aristotle's Hands? Aristotle's Analysis of 'Mixed Acts' in the Nicomachean Ethics III, 1. Phronesis 52 (3):270-300.score: 24.0
    The analysis of 'mixed acts' in Nicomachean Ethics III, 1 has led scholars to attribute a theory of 'dirty hands' and 'impossible oughts' to Aristode. Michael Stocker argues that Aristode recognizes particular acts that are simultaneously 'right, even obligatory', but nevertheless 'wrong, shameful and the like'. And Martha Nussbaum commends Aristotle for not sympathizing 'with those who, in politics or in private affairs, would so shrink from blame and from unacceptable action that they would be unable to take a (...)
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  3. Timothy J. Nulty (2010). The Metaphysics of Mixed Inferences: Problems with Functionalist Accounts of Alethic Pluralism. [REVIEW] Metaphysica 11 (2):153-162.score: 24.0
    <span class='Hi'>Alethic</span> pluralists argue truth is a metaphysically robust higher-order property that is multiply realized by a set of diverse and domain-specific subvening <span class='Hi'>alethic</span> properties. The higher-order truth property legitimizes mixed inferences and accounts for a univocal truth predicate. Absent of this higher-order property, pluralists lack an account of the validity of mixed inferences and an adequate semantics for the truth predicate and thereby appear forced to abandon the central tenets of <span class='Hi'>alethic</span> pluralism. I argue the (...)
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  4. Gavin B. Sullivan & Kenneth T. Strongman (2003). Vacillating and Mixed Emotions: A Conceptual-Discursive Perspective on Contemporary Emotion and Cognitive Appraisal Theories Through Examples of Pride. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (2):203–226.score: 24.0
    Vacillating and mixed emotional experiences are often difficult to explore and understand because they confront the limits of our language's ability to capture private experiences in extreme or abnormal circumstances. In this paper, we build upon remarks by Wittgenstein (1953) to present a conceptual-discursive perspective based on naturalistic examples of individuals vacillating between pride and other emotions. This perspective is used to show how relevant emotion theories contain conceptual errors of the sort identified by Wittgenstein. The “assembled reminders” of (...)
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  5. Leonardo Becchetti & Benjamin Huybrechts (2008). The Dynamics of Fair Trade as a Mixed-Form Market. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):733 - 750.score: 24.0
    This article analyses the Fair Trade sector as a “mixed-form market,” i.e., a market in which different types of players (in this case, nonprofit, co-operative and for-profit organizations) coexist and compete. The purposes of this article are (1) to understand the factors that have led Fair Trade to become a mixed-form market and (2) to propose some trails to understand the market dynamics that result from the interactions between the different types of players. We start by defining briefly (...)
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  6. Philip L. Baird, Pinar Celikkol Geylani & Jeffrey A. Roberts (2012). Corporate Social and Financial Performance Re-Examined: Industry Effects in a Linear Mixed Model Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):367-388.score: 24.0
    In this research, we shed new light on the empirical link between corporate social performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) via the application of empirical models and methods new to the CSP–CFP literature. Applying advanced financial models to a uniquely constructed panel dataset, we demonstrate that a significant overall CSP–CFP relationship exists and that this relationship is, in part, conditioned on firms’ industry-specific context. To accommodate the estimation of time-invariant industry and industry-interaction effects, we estimate linear mixed models (...)
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  7. Steffen Andersen, Glenn W. Harrison, Arne Risa Hole, Morten Lau & E. Elisabet Rutström (2012). Non-Linear Mixed Logit. Theory and Decision 73 (1):77-96.score: 24.0
    We develop an extension of the familiar linear mixed logit model to allow for the direct estimation of parametric non-linear functions defined over structural parameters. Classic applications include the estimation of coefficients of utility functions to characterize risk attitudes and discounting functions to characterize impatience. There are several unexpected benefits of this extension, apart from the ability to directly estimate structural parameters of theoretical interest.
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  8. Vitaly Pruzhansky (2013). Maximin Play in Completely Mixed Strategic Games. Theory and Decision 75 (4):543-561.score: 24.0
    Since the seminal paper of Nash (Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 36:48–49, 1950) game theoretic literature has focused mostly on equilibrium and not on maximin (minimax) strategies. In a recent paper of Pruzhansky (Int J Game Theory 40:351–365, 2011) it was shown that under fairy general conditions maximin strategies in completely mixed games can guarantee the same expected payoff as completely mixed Nash equilibrium strategies. Based on this finding, the current paper argues that maximin strategies have important properties. (...)
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  9. Joshua Sack & Wiebe van der Hoek (2014). A Modal Logic for Mixed Strategies. Studia Logica 102 (2):339-360.score: 24.0
    Modal logics have proven to be a very successful tool for reasoning about games. However, until now, although logics have been put forward for games in both normal form and games in extensive form, and for games with complete and incomplete information, the focus in the logic community has hitherto been on games with pure strategies. This paper is a first to widen the scope to logics for games that allow mixed strategies. We present a modal logic for games (...)
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  10. Reinhold Kliegl, Ping Wei, Michael Dambacher, Ming Yan & Xiaolin Zhou (2010). Experimental Effects and Individual Differences in Linear Mixed Models: Estimating the Relationship Between Spatial, Object, and Attraction Effects in Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 1:238-238.score: 24.0
    Linear mixed models (LMMs) provide a still underused methodological perspective on combining experimental and individual-differences research. Here we illustrate this approach with two-rectangle cueing in visual attention (Egly, Driver, & Rafal, 1994). We replicated previous experimental cue-validity effects relating to a spatial shift of attention within an object (spatial effect), to attention switch between objects (object effect), and to the attraction of attention towards the display centroid (attraction effect), taking also into account the design-inherent imbalance of valid and other (...)
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  11. Emar Maier (2014). Mixed Quotation: The Grammar of Apparently Transparent Opacity. Semantics and Pragmatics 7 (7):1--67.score: 24.0
    The phenomenon of mixed quotation exhibits clear signs of both the apparent transparency of compositional language use and the opacity of pure quotation. I argue that the interpretation of a mixed quotation in- volves the resolution of a metalinguistic presupposition. The leading idea behind my proposal is that a mixed-quoted expression, say, “has an anomalous feature”, means what x referred to with the words ‘has an anomalous feature’. To understand how this solves the paradox, I set up (...)
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  12. Robin J. Mermelstein Arielle S. Selya, Jennifer S. Rose, Lisa C. Dierker, Donald Hedeker (2012). A Practical Guide to Calculating Cohen's F2, a Measure of Local Effect Size, From Proc Mixed. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Reporting effect sizes in scientific articles is increasingly widespread and encouraged by journals; however, choosing an effect size for analyses such as mixed-effects regression modeling and hierarchical linear modeling can be difficult. One relatively uncommon, but very informative, standardized measure of effect size is Cohen’s f2, which allows an evaluation of local effect size, i.e. one variable’s effect size within the context of a multivariate regression model. Unfortunately, this measure is often not readily accessible from commonly used software for (...)
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  13. Kevin Joseph Brown (2010). The Economics and Ethics of Mixed Communities: Exploring the Philosophy of Integration Through the Lens of the Subprime Financial Crisis in the US. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 97 (1):35 - 50.score: 24.0
    This article specifically aims to address both the economic and ethical implications of mixed communities in the US through the lens of market failure, and more specifically, the recent subprime financial crisis. Relative to the research of mixed communities and social integration efforts, I first intend to explore income mix as an explanatory variable of census tract level foreclosure rates in the state of Ohio, USA. I aim to show that counter-homogenous income communities display a greater capacity to (...)
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  14. Patrick Roger (2011). Mixed Risk Aversion and Preference for Risk Disaggregation: A Story of Moments. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 70 (1):27-44.score: 24.0
    In a recent article entitled “Putting Risk in its Proper Place,” Eeckhoudt and Schlesinger (2006) established a theorem linking the sign of the n-th derivative of an agent’s utility function to her preferences among pairs of simple lotteries. We characterize these lotteries and show that, in a given pair, they only differ by their moments of order greater than or equal to n. When the n-th derivative of the utility function is positive (negative) and n is odd (even), the agent (...)
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  15. Andy Williamson (2010). Using Mixed Methods to Discover Emergent Patterns of Local eDemocracy. AI and Society 25 (3):321-333.score: 24.0
    Research in an emergent field requires the researcher to consider appropriate methodologies. This paper describes research that attempts to discover how new technologies can influence local democratic engagement. It describes an interpretive research project informed by critical social theory that uses an explanatory mixed methods approach, combining two sequential data collection methods. The study incorporates a survey instrument and qualitative interviewing, analysed using Grounded Theory Methodology. The paper will describe the context for the research, the choice of a (...) methods approach and relate this to an epistemology and ontology. The paper does not discuss the research findings but focuses on the research process and methodology and provides reflection on the outcomes and the challenges of the chosen approach. It demonstrates that mixed methods research is appropriate in a narrow and emergent field of study and that it offers methodological flexibility whilst promoting rigour and grounded results. (shrink)
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  16. Christian Miller (forthcoming). The Mixed Trait Model of Character Traits and the Moral Domains of Fairness and Stealing. In , Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    In this paper my goal is to extend my earlier discussion, at least in a preliminary way, to two additional areas – fairness and stealing. In doing so, I will consider whether the existing research is compatible with my Mixed Trait model, or whether instead it gives me reason to be concerned with how broadly applicable the model really is. My conclusion will be that the results are, so to speak, a mixed bag. With respect to fairness research, (...)
     
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  17. C. Miniatura (ed.) (2011). Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: École d'Été de Physique des Houches in Singapore, Session Xci, 29 June-24 July 2009, École Thématique du Cnrs. [REVIEW] Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    In recent years, there has been much synergy between the exciting areas of quantum information science and ultracold atoms. This volume, as part of the proceedings for the XCI session of Les Houches School of Physics (held for the first time outside Europe in Singapore) brings together experts in both fields. The theme of the school focused on two principal topics: quantum information science and ultracold atomic physics. The topics range from Bose Einstein Condensates to Degenerate Fermi Gases to (...)
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  18. Arielle S. Selya, Jennifer S. Rose, Lisa C. Dierker, Donald Hedeker & Robin J. Mermelstein (2012). A Practical Guide to Calculating Cohen's F2, a Measure of Local Effect Size, From Proc Mixed. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Reporting effect sizes in scientific articles is increasingly widespread and encouraged by journals; however, choosing an effect size for analyses such as mixed-effects regression modeling and hierarchical linear modeling can be difficult. One relatively uncommon, but very informative, standardized measure of effect size is Cohen’s f2, which allows an evaluation of local effect size, i.e. one variable’s effect size within the context of a multivariate regression model. Unfortunately, this measure is often not readily accessible from commonly used software for (...)
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  19. Martin Lipscomb (2008). Mixed Method Nursing Studies: A Critical Realist Critique. Nursing Philosophy 9 (1):32-45.score: 21.0
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  20. Dale J. Barr (2013). Random Effects Structure for Testing Interactions in Linear Mixed-Effects Models. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  21. Philip Scowcroft (2009). Generalized Halfspaces in the Mixed-Integer Realm. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (1):43-51.score: 21.0
    In the ordered Abelian group of reals with the integers as a distinguished subgroup, the projection of a finite intersection of generalized halfspaces is a finite intersection of generalized halfspaces. The result is uniform in the integer coefficients and moduli of the initial generalized halfspaces.
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  22. Isabel M. Birnbaum (1968). Response-Class Similarity and First-List Recall with Mixed and Unmixed Transfer Designs. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):542.score: 21.0
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  23. Sylvie Dubois & Carmen G. Loiselle (2009). Cancer Informational Support and Health Care Service Use Among Individuals Newly Diagnosed: A Mixed Methods Approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):346-359.score: 21.0
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  24. Thomas S. Weisner (2011). “If You Work in This Country You Should Not Be Poor, and Your Kids Should Be Doing Better”: Bringing Mixed Methods and Theory in Psychological Anthropology to Improve Research in Policy and Practice. Ethos 39 (4):455-476.score: 21.0
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  25. Henry F. Adams (1917). The Memory Value of Mixed Sizes of Advertisements. Journal of Experimental Psychology 2 (6):448-465.score: 21.0
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  26. Kelly M. Goedert, Raymond C. Boston & A. M. Barrett (2013). Advancing the Science of Spatial Neglect Rehabilitation: An Improved Statistical Approach with Mixed Linear Modeling. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 21.0
  27. Donald A. Kausler & George A. Kanoti (1963). R-S Learning and Negative Transfer Effects with a Mixed List. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (2):201.score: 21.0
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  28. Niko Kohls, Anna Hack & Harald Walach (2008). Measuring the Unmeasurable by Ticking Boxes and Opening Pandora's Box? Mixed Methods Research as a Useful Tool for Investigating Exceptional and Spiritual Experiences. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 30 (1):155-187.score: 21.0
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  29. Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann (2009). Empirische Forschung in der Medizinethik: Methodenreflexion und forschungspraktische Herausforderungen am Beispiel eines mixed-method Projekts zur ärztlichen Handlungspraxis am Lebensende. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):259-269.score: 21.0
    Der Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung medizinethischer Fragestellungen ist Gegenstand eines aktuellen interdisziplinären Diskurses. Während die Anzahl empirischer Studien, die in medizinethisch relevanten Fachzeitschriften publiziert wurden, in den letzten Jahren zugenommen hat, liegen nach Kenntnis der Autoren kaum methodenreflexive Veröffentlichungen zu konkreten empirischen Forschungsprojekten in der Medizinethik vor. Die Untersuchung der Wechselbeziehungen von Ethik und Empirie anhand ausgewählter interdisziplinärer empirisch medizinethischer Forschungsprojekte erscheint aus mehreren Gründen von Interesse. Zum einen kann auf diese Weise der mögliche Beitrag empirischer Forschung zur Bearbeitung (...)
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  30. Marian Schwartz, Dennis C. Bunde, Richard W. Knitter & Paul D. Kottler (1970). Instructions to Use Verbal Mediators in Learning a Mixed Paired-Associate List. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):245.score: 21.0
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  31. J. C. Tsao (1950). Mixed Distribution of Practice in Mirror-Drawing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (6):752.score: 21.0
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  32. Helen M. Twedt & Benton J. Underwood (1959). Mixed Vs. Unmixed Lists in Transfer Studies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):111.score: 21.0
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  33. Charles Bailey (1983). Mixed Ability Grouping: A Philosophical Perspective. Allen & Unwin.score: 21.0
     
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  34. Ronald Ley & Jeffrey Dean (1973). Effects of Associative Reaction Time and Meaningfulness in Free Recall of Mixed and Unmixed Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):220.score: 21.0
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  35. Joel Saegert, Judith Obermeyer & Shahe Kazarian (1973). Organizational Factors in Free Recall of Bilingually Mixed Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):397.score: 21.0
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  36. Susan Scott-Hunt & Hilary Lim (2005). To Pay Suspicious Attention: Following the Weave of 'Mixed Logics' in Women's Ethical Decision Making. Feminist Legal Studies 13 (2):205-237.score: 21.0
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  37. Albert Silverstein (1972). Acquired Pleasantness and Paired-Associate Learning in Mixed and Homogeneous Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):111.score: 21.0
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  38. Norman J. Slamecka (1967). Transfer with Mixed and Unmixed Lists as a Function of Semantic Relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):405.score: 21.0
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  39. Bradford J. Wiggins (2011). Confronting the Dilemma of Mixed Methods. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (1):44.score: 21.0
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  40. Savas L. Tsohatzidis (2005). Lost Hopes and Mixed Quotes. In P. De Brabander (ed.), Hybrid Quotations. Benjamins.score: 18.0
    The analysis of mixed quotation proposed in Cappelen & Lepore (1997), purportedly as a development of Davidson's accounts of direct and of indirect quotation, is critically examined. It is argued that the analysis fails to specify either necessary or sufficient conditions on mixed quotation, and that the way it has been defended by its proponents makes its alleged Davidsonian parentage questionable.
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  41. Jeremy Wyatt (2013). Domains, Plural Truth, and Mixed Atomic Propositions. Philosophical Studies 166 (1):225-236.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I discuss two concerns for pluralist truth theories: a concern about a key detail of these theories and a concern about their viability. The detailed-related concern is that pluralists have relied heavily upon the notion of a domain, but it is not transparent what they take domains to be. Since the notion of a domain has been present in philosophy for some time, it is important for many theorists, not only truth pluralists, to be clear on what (...)
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  42. Michelle Ciurria (2012). A New Mixed View of Virtue Ethics, Based on Daniel Doviak's New Virtue Calculus. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (2):259-269.score: 18.0
    In A New Form of Agent-Based Virtue Ethics , Daniel Doviak develops a novel agent-based theory of right action that treats the rightness (or deontic status) of an action as a matter of the action’s net intrinsic virtue value (net-IVV)—that is, its balance of virtue over vice. This view is designed to accommodate three basic tenets of commonsense morality: (i) the maxim that “ought” implies “can,” (ii) the idea that a person can do the right thing for the wrong reason, (...)
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  43. Bradley Monton (2011). Mixed Strategies Can't Evade Pascal's Wager. Analysis 71 (4):642-645.score: 18.0
    I defend Pascal's Wager from a particular way of evading it, the mixed strategy approach. The mixed strategies approach suggests that Pascal's Wager does not obligate one to believe in God, because one can get the same infinite expected utility from other strategies besides the strategy of believing in God. I will show that while there's nothing technically wrong with the mixed strategy approach, rationality requires it to be applied in such a way that Pascal's Wager doesn't (...)
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  44. K. Kong Wan, Jason Bradshaw, Colin Trueman & F. E. Harrison (1998). Classical Systems, Standard Quantum Systems, and Mixed Quantum Systems in Hilbert Space. Foundations of Physics 28 (12):1739-1783.score: 18.0
    Traditionally, there has been a clear distinction between classical systems and quantum systems, particularly in the mathematical theories used to describe them. In our recent work on macroscopic quantum systems, this distinction has become blurred, making a unified mathematical formulation desirable, so as to show up both the similarities and the fundamental differences between quantum and classical systems. This paper serves this purpose, with explicit formulations and a number of examples in the form of superconducting circuit systems. We introduce three (...)
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  45. N. Burić, D. B. Popović, M. Radonjić & S. Prvanović (2013). Hamiltonian Formulation of Statistical Ensembles and Mixed States of Quantum and Hybrid Systems. Foundations of Physics 43 (12):1459-1477.score: 18.0
    Representation of quantum states by statistical ensembles on the quantum phase space in the Hamiltonian form of quantum mechanics is analyzed. Various mathematical properties and some physical interpretations of the equivalence classes of ensembles representing a mixed quantum state in the Hamiltonian formulation are examined. In particular, non-uniqueness of the quantum phase space probability density associated with the quantum mixed state, Liouville dynamics of the probability densities and the possibility to represent the reduced states of bipartite systems by (...)
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  46. James Harold (2010). Mixed Feelings: Conflicts in Emotional Responses to Film. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 34 (1):280-294.score: 18.0
    Some films scare us; some make us cry; some thrill us. Some of the most interesting films, however, leave us suspended between feelings – both joyous and sad, or angry and serene. This paper attempts to explain how this can happen and why it is important. I look closely at one film that creates and exploits these conflicted responses. I argue that cases of conflict in film illuminate a pair of vexing questions about emotion in film: (1) To what extent (...)
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  47. Roy T. Cook (2011). Alethic Pluralism, Generic Truth and Mixed Conjunctions. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (244):624-629.score: 18.0
    A difficulty for alethic pluralism has been the idea that semantic evaluation of conjunctions whose conjuncts come from discourses with distinct truth properties requires a third notion of truth which applies to both of the original discourses. But this line of reasoning does not entail that there exists a single generic truth property that applies to all statements and all discourses, unless it is supplemented with additional, controversial, premises. So the problem of mixed conjunctions, while highlighting other aspects of (...)
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  48. Christine Tappolet (1997). Mixed Inferences: A Problem for Pluralism About Truth Predicates. Analysis 57 (3):209–210.score: 18.0
    In reply to Geach's objection against expressivism, some have claimed that there is a plurality of truth predicates. I raise a difficulty for this claim: valid inferences can involve sentences assessable by any truth predicate, corresponding to 'lightweight' truth as well as to 'heavyweight' truth. To account for this, some unique truth predicate must apply to all sentences that can appear in inferences. Mixed inferences remind us of a central platitude about truth: truth is what is preserved in valid (...)
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  49. Kenny Easwaran & B. Monton (2012). Mixed Strategies, Uncountable Times, and Pascal's Wager: A Reply to Robertson. Analysis 72 (4):681-685.score: 18.0
    Pascal’s Wager holds that one has pragmatic reason to believe in God, since that course of action has infinite expected utility. The mixed strategy objection holds that one could just as well follow a course of action that has infinite expected utility but is unlikely to end with one believing in God. Monton (2011. Mixed strategies can’t evade Pascal’s Wager. Analysis 71: 642–45.) has argued that mixed strategies can’t evade Pascal’s Wager, while Robertson (2012. Some mixed (...)
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