Search results for 'Modern Synthesis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Massimo Pigliucci (ed.) (2010). Foreword to Julian Huxley's "Evolution: The Modern Synthesis&Quot;. MIT Press.score: 210.0
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  2. Ehud Lamm (2010). Review Of: Julian Huxley, Evolution: The Modern Synthesis – The Definitive Edition. [REVIEW] Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science.score: 210.0
    The review focuses on Huxley’s debt to Richard Goldschmidt and Cyril Darlington. I discuss the conceptions of the genome developed by Goldschmidt and Darlington and their continuing relevance.
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  3. David J. Depew & Bruce H. Weber (2011). The Fate of Darwinism: Evolution After the Modern Synthesis. Biological Theory 6 (1):89-102.score: 198.0
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  4. Stepi Ien Jay Gould, The Hardening of the Modern Synthesis.score: 180.0
    In 1937, just as Dobzhansky published the book that later generations would laud as the foundation of the modern synthesis, the American Naturnlist published a symposium on "supraspecific variation in nature and in classification." Alfred C. Kinsey, who later became one of America's most controversial intellectuals for his study of basic behaviors in another sort of WASP,1 led off the symposium with a summary of his extensive work on a family of gall wasps, the Cynipidae. In his article, (...)
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  5. Joeri Witteveen (2011). The Softening of the Modern Synthesis. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (3):333-345.score: 180.0
    The Modern Synthesis has been receiving bad press for some time now. Back in 1983, in an article entitled “The Hardening of the Modern Synthesis” Stephen Jay Gould criticized the way the Modern Synthesis had developed since its inception in the 1930s and early 1940s (Gould 1983). Back then, those who would later become known as ‘architects’ of the synthesis were united in their call for explaining evolution at all levels in terms of (...)
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  6. Benton M. Stidd (1985). Are Punctuationists Wrong About the Modern Synthesis? Philosophy of Science 52 (1):98-109.score: 180.0
    A common criticism of punctuated equilibria as an evolutionary theory is that it erects a straw man by characterizing the modern synthesis as being devoid of mechanisms that bring about rapid speciation and abrupt changes in morphology. Thompson supports this view and argues that the modern synthesis does not entail gradualism, all-pervasive adaptationism, or extrapolationism and that punctuationists have mischaracterized the theory on all these points; properly understood the synthetic theory is hierarchical and able to explain (...)
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  7. Elliott R. Sober (1982). The Modern Synthesis: Its Scope and Limits. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:314 - 321.score: 180.0
    This paper locates the contributions of Kauffman and Ayala to this symposium in the context of recent discussions of the adequacy of the Modern Synthesis. The neglect of morphology and development described by Kauffman is understandable in view of the belief that selection is the most powerful evolutionary force. His idea that properties of order may be explained by nonselective mechanisms is also examined. The paper subsequently takes up Ayala's criticism of S.J. Gould's view that macroevolution is a (...)
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  8. I. I. I. Holcomb (1988). The Modern Synthesis and Lewontin's Critique of Sociobiology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 10 (2):315 - 341.score: 180.0
    Ernst Mayr (1980) provided an influential picture of the nature of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis and of the debate and changes occurring prior to its completion. Mayr intended his account to be applicable to comparable cases. Sociobiology should be evaluated both as a comparable case, an attempt to produce a synthesis which undergoes development of the sort Mayr described, and as an extension of the Modern Synthesis itself. Examination of what the explanatory goals and development (...)
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  9. Francesca Merlin (2010). Evolutionary Chance Mutation: A Defense of the Modern Synthesis' Consensus View. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 2 (20130604).score: 150.0
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  10. Heikki Helanterä (2011). Extending the Modern Synthesis with Ants: Ant Encounters. Biology and Philosophy 26 (6):935-944.score: 150.0
  11. Jean Gayon, Critics and Criticisms of the Modern Synthesis: The Viewpoint of a Philosopher.score: 150.0
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  12. John S. L. Gilmour (1944). Evolution: The Modern Synthesis. By Julian Huxley, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S. (London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. 1942. Pp. 645. Price 25s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 19 (73):166-.score: 150.0
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  13. Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis (2014). Disciplining and Popularizing: Evolution and its Publics From the Modern Synthesis to the Present. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45:111-113.score: 150.0
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  14. Jason H. Moore & Scott M. Williams (2005). Traversing the Conceptual Divide Between Biological and Statistical Epistasis: Systems Biology and a More Modern Synthesis. Bioessays 27 (6):637-646.score: 150.0
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  15. Not By Me (1988). Some Punctuationists Are Wrong About the Modern Synthesis. Philosophy of Science 55 (1):74-86.score: 150.0
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  16. Paul Thompson (1988). Some Punctuationists Are Wrong About the Modern Synthesis. Philosophy of Science 55 (1):74 - 86.score: 150.0
    Benton Stidd has defended the position that punctuationists are not wrong about the inadequacy of the synthetic theory of evolution for explaining evolution. The thrust of his defense is that arguments to the contrary by Thompson (1983a) involve a rational reconstruction along logical empiricist lines, which is insensitive to historical and social forces in a way that the Kuhnian Weltanschauung view that he espouses is not. I argue in this paper that Stidd has entirely misunderstood my arguments, that the (...)
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  17. D. M. Jones (1958). Language Joshua Whatmough: Language: A Modern Synthesis. Pp. X + 270. London: Secker and Warburg, 1956. Cloth, 25s. Net. The Classical Review 8 (01):56-57.score: 150.0
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  18. Friedel Weinert (2009). The Modern Synthesis: Einstein and Kant. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 14 (2).score: 150.0
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  19. Richard H. Adamson (1970). The Cancer Problem The Cancer Problem: A Critical Analysis and Modern Synthesis A. C. Braun. BioScience 20 (21):1178-1178.score: 150.0
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  20. Michael Gilpin (1995). A More Modern Modern Synthesis. BioScience 45 (6):425-425.score: 150.0
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  21. Michael J. Wade (2011). The Neo-Modern Synthesis: The Confluence of New Data and Explanatory Concepts. BioScience 61 (5):407-408.score: 150.0
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  22. Michael J. Wade (2011). The Neo-Modern Synthesis: The Confluence of New Data and Explanatory ConceptsEvolution—the Extended Synthesis. Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller , Eds. MIT Press, 2010. 504 Pp., Illus. $35.00 (ISBN 9780262513678 Paper). [REVIEW] BioScience 61 (5):407-408.score: 150.0
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  23. Derek Harter & Shulan Lu (2005). A Synthesis of Many Levels of Constraints as a Modern View of Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):498-499.score: 144.0
    The debate of nativisim versus empiricism is over the relative importance of evolutionary versus ontogenetic mechanisms. This is mostly seen today as a false dichotomy. The synthesis of these positions provides a modern viewpoint of grounded category formation. This combined view places equal importance on feedback between these levels in guiding development, and is more appropriately compared to culturalist positions.
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  24. Simon Fokt, Defining Art Culturally : Modern Theories of Art - a Synthesis.score: 126.0
    Numerous theories have attempted to overcome the anti-essentialist scepticism about the possibility of defining art. While significant advances have been made in this field, it seems that most modern definitions fail to successfully address the issue of the ever-changing nature of art raised by Morris Weitz, and rarely even attempt to provide an account which would be valid in more than just the modern Western context. This thesis looks at the most successful definitions currently defended, determines their strengths (...)
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  25. Rhonda Martens (2014). Patrick J. Boner Kepler's Cosmological Synthesis: Astrology, Mechanism and the Soul (History of Science and Medicine Library 39; Medieval and Early Modern Science 20) (Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2013), Pp. 204, € 101, $138, ISBN 978 90 04 24608 9 (Hardback). [REVIEW] Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):197-199.score: 120.0
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  26. Jana S. Rošker (2009). Modern Confucian Synthesis of Qualitative and Quantitative Knowledge: Xiong Shili. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 36 (3):376-390.score: 120.0
  27. David Gross (1990). Critical Synthesis on Urban Knowledge: Remembering and Forgetting in the Modern City. Social Epistemology 4 (1):3 – 22.score: 120.0
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  28. Karol Soltan (1985). Book Review:Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 1: Positivism, Presuppositions, and Current Controversies. Jeffrey Alexander; Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 2: The Antinomies of Classical Thought: Marx and Durkheim. Jeffrey Alexander ; Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 3: The Classical Attempt at Theoretical Synthesis: Max Weber. Jeffrey Alexander; Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Vol. 4: The Modern Reconstruction of Classical Thought: Talcott Parsons. Jeffrey Alexander. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (4):951-.score: 120.0
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  29. Alex Mesoudi, Simon Blanchet, Anne Charmantier, Étienne Danchin, Laurel Fogarty, Eva Jablonka, Kevin N. Laland, Thomas J. H. Morgan, Gerd B. Müller, F. John Odling-Smee & Benoît Pujol (2013). Is Non-Genetic Inheritance Just a Proximate Mechanism? A Corroboration of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis. Biological Theory 7 (3):189-195.score: 120.0
    What role does non-genetic inheritance play in evolution? In recent work we have independently and collectively argued that the existence and scope of non-genetic inheritance systems, including epigenetic inheritance, niche construction/ecological inheritance, and cultural inheritance—alongside certain other theory revisions—necessitates an extension to the neo-Darwinian Modern Synthesis (MS) in the form of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES). However, this argument has been challenged on the grounds that non-genetic inheritance systems are exclusively proximate mechanisms that serve the ultimate function (...)
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  30. Carl W. Condit (1947). Modern Architecture: A New Technical-Aesthetic Synthesis. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 6 (1):45-54.score: 120.0
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  31. Wallace Arthur (1988). Ontology Obscures Phylogeny. Unfinished Synthesis: Biological Hierarchies and Modern Evolutionary Thought. Niles Eldredge. [REVIEW] Bioessays 9 (1):37-38.score: 120.0
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  32. Bruce Bridgeman & Margarita Azmitia (1993). Mimetic Culture and Modern Sports: A Synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):751.score: 120.0
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  33. S. Lu D. Harter (2005). A Synthesis of Many Levels of Constraints as a Modern View of Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4).score: 120.0
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  34. Robert DiSalle (2010). Synthesis, the Synthetic a Priori, and the Origins of Modern Space-Time Theory. In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.score: 120.0
  35. Anthony Gatrell (forthcoming). Complexity Theory and Geographies of Health: A Modern and Global Synthesis. Complexity.score: 120.0
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  36. Anya Plutynski (2005). Explanatory Unification and the Early Synthesis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):595-609.score: 96.0
    The object of this paper is to reply to Morrison's ([2000]) claim that while ‘structural unity’ was achieved at the level of the mathematical models of population genetics in the early synthesis, there was explanatory disunity. I argue to the contrary, that the early synthesis effected by the founders of theoretical population genetics was unifying and explanatory both. Defending this requires a reconsideration of Morrison's notion of explanation. In Morrison's view, all and only answers to ‘why’ questions which (...)
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  37. Joe Cain (2009). Rethinking the Synthesis Period in Evolutionary Studies. Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):621 - 648.score: 96.0
    I propose we abandon the unit concept of "the evolutionary synthesis". There was much more to evolutionary studies in the 1920s and 1930s than is suggested in our commonplace narratives of this object in history. Instead, four organising threads capture much of evolutionary studies at this time. First, the nature of species and the process of speciation were dominating, unifying subjects. Second, research into these subjects developed along four main lines, or problem complexes: variation, divergence, isolation, and selection. Some (...)
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  38. Roberta L. Millstein (2013). Exploring the Status of Population Genetics: The Role of Ecology. Biological Theory 7 (4):346-357.score: 90.0
    The status of population genetics has become hotly debated among biologists and philosophers of biology. Many seem to view population genetics as relatively unchanged since the Modern Synthesis and have argued that subjects such as development were left out of the Synthesis. Some have called for an extended evolutionary synthesis or for recognizing the insignificance of population genetics. Yet others such as Michael Lynch have defended population genetics, declaring "nothing in evolution makes sense except in the (...)
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  39. Marcello Barbieri (2012). Code Biology – A New Science of Life. Biosemiotics 5 (3):411-437.score: 90.0
    Systems Biology and the Modern Synthesis are recent versions of two classical biological paradigms that are known as structuralism and functionalism, or internalism and externalism. According to functionalism (or externalism), living matter is a fundamentally passive entity that owes its organization to external forces (functions that shape organs) or to an external organizing agent (natural selection). Structuralism (or internalism), is the view that living matter is an intrinsically active entity that is capable of organizing itself from within, with (...)
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  40. Alan Grafen (2014). The Formal Darwinism Project in Outline. Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):155-174.score: 90.0
    The broader context for the formal darwinism project established by two of the commentators, in terms of reconciling the Modern Synthesis with Darwinian arguments over design and in terms of links to other types of selection and design, is discussed and welcomed. Some overselling of the project is admitted, in particular of whether it claims to consider all organic design. One important fundamental question raised in two commentaries is flagged but not answered of whether design is rightly represented (...)
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  41. P. Huneman (2014). Formal Darwinism as a Tool for Understanding the Status of Organisms in Evolutionary Biology. Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):271-279.score: 90.0
    This paper uses the framework of Formal Darwinism (FD) to evaluate organism-centric critiques of the Modern Synthesis (MS). The first section argues that the FD project reconciles two kinds of selective explanations in biology. Thus it is not correct to say that the MS neglects organisms—instead, it explains organisms’ design, as argued in the second section. In the third section I employ a concept of the organism derived from Kant that has two aspects: the parts presupposing the whole, (...)
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  42. Olivier Rieppel (2011). Hugo Dingler (1881–1954) and the Philosophical Foundation of the German Evolutionary Synthesis. Biological Theory 6 (2):162-168.score: 90.0
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  43. Janko M. Lozar (2009). Attunement in the Modern Age. Human Studies 32 (1):19 - 31.score: 84.0
    This contribution starts from Max Scheler’s claim that modern philosophy holds two differing views on feelings. The first view, which Scheler attributes to René Descartes, presents them in their intentional role but rejects their independence; the other view, which Scheler attributes to Immanuel Kant, holds that they cannot be reduced to the rational part of the soul and thus affirms their independence, but deprives them of all cognitive powers. After considering both views, I discuss the views of Franz Brentano (...)
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  44. Massimo Pigliucci (2009). An Extended Synthesis for Evolutionary Biology. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 1168:218-228.score: 72.0
    Evolutionary theory is undergoing an intense period of discussion and reevaluation. This, contrary to the misleading claims of creationists and other pseudoscientists, is no harbinger of a crisis but rather the opposite: the field is expanding dramatically in terms of both empirical discoveries and new ideas. In this essay I briefly trace the conceptual history of evolutionary theory from Darwinism to neo-Darwinism, and from the Modern Synthesis to what I refer to as the Extended Synthesis, a more (...)
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  45. Massimo Pigliucci (2007). Do We Need an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis? Evolution 61 (12):2743-2749.score: 72.0
    The Modern Synthesis (MS) is the current paradigm in evolutionary biology. It was actually built by expanding on the conceptual foundations laid out by its predecessors, Darwinism and neo-Darwinism. For sometime now there has been talk of a new Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES), and this article begins to outline why we may need such an extension, and how it may come about. As philosopher Karl Popper has noticed, the current evolutionary theory is a theory of genes, and (...)
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  46. Massimo Pigliucci & Gerd Muller (eds.) (2010). Evolution – the Extended Synthesis. MIT Press.score: 72.0
    In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley's Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant developments within the core theoretical framework of the discipline. As a result, evolutionary theory today includes concepts and even entire new fields that were not part of the foundational structure of the Modern Synthesis. In this volume, sixteen leading evolutionary biologists and philosophers of science survey the conceptual changes that (...)
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  47. Alan C. Love (2003). Evolutionary Morphology, Innovation, and the Synthesis of Evolutionary and Developmental Biology. Biology and Philosophy 18 (2):309-345.score: 72.0
    One foundational question in contemporarybiology is how to `rejoin evolution anddevelopment. The emerging research program(evolutionary developmental biology or`evo-devo) requires a meshing of disciplines,concepts, and explanations that have beendeveloped largely in independence over the pastcentury. In the attempt to comprehend thepresent separation between evolution anddevelopment much attention has been paid to thesplit between genetics and embryology in theearly part of the 20th century with itscodification in the exclusion of embryologyfrom the Modern Synthesis. This encourages acharacterization of evolutionary developmentalbiology as (...)
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  48. David J. Depew (2013). The Rhetoric of Evolutionary Theory. Biological Theory 7 (4):380-389.score: 72.0
    I argue that Darwinian evolutionary theory has a rhetorical dimension and that rhetorical criticism plays a role in how evolutionary science acquires knowledge. I define what I mean by rhetoric by considering Darwin’s Origin. I use the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis to show how rhetoric conceived as situated and addressed argumentation enters into evolutionary theorizing. Finally, I argue that rhetorical criticism helps judge the success, limits, and failures of these theories.
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  49. Massimo Pigliucci & Leonard Finkelman (2014). The Extended (Evolutionary) Synthesis Debate: Where Science Meets Philosophy. BioScience:online.score: 66.0
    Recent debates between proponents of the modern evolutionary synthesis (the standard model in evolutionary biology) and those of a possible extended synthesis are a good example of the fascinating tangle among empirical, theoretical, and conceptual or philosophical matters that is the practice of evolutionary biology. In this essay, we briefly discuss two case studies from this debate, highlighting the relevance of philosophical thinking to evolutionary biologists in the hope of spurring further constructive cross-pollination between the two fields.
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  50. Alan C. Love (2013). Erratum To: Theory is as Theory Does: Scientific Practice and Theory Structure in Biology. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (4):430 - 430.score: 66.0
    Using the context of controversies surrounding evolutionary developmental biology (EvoDevo) and the possibility of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis, I provide an account of theory structure as idealized theory presentations that are always incomplete (partial) and shaped by their conceptual content (material rather than formal organization). These two characteristics are salient because the goals that organize and regulate scientific practice, including the activity of using a theory, are heterogeneous. This means that the same theory can be structured differently, in part (...)
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