Search results for 'Monkeys' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Twelve Monkeys, Slaughterhouse Five, Ray Bradbury, Theodore Sider, David Lewis, David Deutsch & Michael Lockwood (2009). Space and Time. In Susan Schneider (ed.), Science Fiction and Philosophy: From Time Travel to Superintelligence. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 30.0
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  2. Sean Allen-Hermanson (2010). Blindsight in Monkeys: Lost and (Perhaps) Found. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2): 47-71.score: 24.0
    Stoerig and Cowey’s work is widely regarded as showing that monkeys with lesions in the primary visual cortex have blindsight. However, Mole and Kelly persuasively argue that the experimental results are compatible with an alternative hypothesis positing only a deficit in attention and perceptual working memory. I describe a revised procedure which can distinguish these hypotheses, and offer reasons for thinking that the blindsight hypothesis provides a superior explanation. The study of blindsight might contribute towards a general investigation into (...)
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  3. Christopher Mole & Sean D. Kelly (2006). On the Demonstration of Blindsight in Monkeys. Mind and Language 21 (4):475-483.score: 24.0
    The work of Alan Cowey and Petra Stoerig is often taken to have shown that, following lesions analogous to those that cause blindsight in humans, there is blindsight in monkeys. The present paper reveals a problem in Cowey and Stoerig's case for blindsight in monkeys. The problem is that Cowey and Stoerig's results would only provide good evidence for blindsight if there is no difference between their two experimental paradigms with regard to the sorts of stimuli that are (...)
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  4. Michael Beran, Bonnie Perdue, Audrey E. Parrish & Theodore Evans (2012). Do Social Conditions Affect Capuchin Monkeys' (Cebus Apella) Choices in a Quantity Judgment Task? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Beran et al. (2012) reported that capuchin monkeys closely matched the performance of humans in a quantity judgment test in which information was incomplete but a judgment still had to be made. In each test session, subjects first made quantity judgments between two known options. Then, they made choices where only one option was visible. Both humans and capuchin monkeys were guided by past outcomes, as they shifted from selecting a known option to selecting an unknown option at (...)
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  5. Michael J. Beran, Scott Decker, Allison Schwartz & Natasha Schultz (2011). Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta and Cebus Apella) and Human Adults and Children (Homo Sapiens) Compare Subsets of Moving Stimuli Based on Numerosity. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 22.0
    Two monkey species (Macaca mulatta and Cebus apella) and human children and adults judged the numerousness of two subsets of moving stimuli on a computer screen. Two sets of colored dots that varied in number and size were intermixed in an array in which all dots moved in random directions and speeds. Participants had to indicate which dot color was more numerous within the array. All species performed at high and comparable levels, including on trials in which the subset with (...)
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  6. Harry F. Harlow (1950). Analysis of Discrimination Learning by Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (1):26.score: 21.0
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  7. Dorothy L. Cheney & Robert M. Seyfarth (1992). Précis of How Monkeys See the World. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):135-147.score: 21.0
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  8. H. F. Harlow & J. Dagnon (1943). Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of the Prefrontal Areas. I. The Discrimination and Discrimination-Reversal Problems. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):351.score: 21.0
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  9. Donald R. Meyer (1951). The Effects of Differential Rewards on Discrimination Reversal Learning by Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (4):268.score: 21.0
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  10. T. Spaet & H. F. Harlow (1943). Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of the Prefrontal Areas. II. Delayed Reaction Problems Involving Use of the Matching-From-Sample Method. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (5):424.score: 21.0
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  11. R. J. Campbell & H. F. Harlow (1945). Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of the Prefrontal Areas. V. Spatial Delayed Reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (2):110.score: 21.0
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  12. Dorothy M. Fragaszy (2011). Community Resources for Learning: How Capuchin Monkeys Construct Technical Traditions. Biological Theory 6 (3):231-240.score: 21.0
  13. H. F. Harlow & T. Johnson (1943). Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of of the Prefrontal Areas: III. Test of Initiation of Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (6):495.score: 21.0
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  14. Mildred Mason & Martha Wilson (1974). Temporal Differentiation and Recognition Memory for Visual Stimuli in Rhesus Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):383.score: 21.0
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  15. Donald R. Meyer (1951). Food Deprivation and Discrimination Reversal Learning by Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (1):10.score: 21.0
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  16. Allan J. Nash & Kenneth M. Michels (1966). Squirrel Monkeys and Discrimination Learning: Figural Interactions, Redundancies, and Random Shapes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (1):132.score: 21.0
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  17. Paul Settlage, Myra Zable & Harry F. Harlow (1948). Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of the Prefrontal Areas: VI. Performance on Tests Requiring Contradictory Reactions to Similar and to Identical Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):50.score: 21.0
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  18. J. M. Warren (1960). Supplementary Report: Effectiveness of Food and Nonfood Signs in Reversal Learning by Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (4):263-264.score: 21.0
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  19. William A. Wilson Jr (1960). Supplementary Report: Two-Choice Behavior of Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (3):207.score: 21.0
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  20. William A. Wilson Jr & A. Robert Rollin (1959). Two-Choice Behavior of Rhesus Monkeys in a Noncontingent Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (2):174.score: 21.0
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  21. R. W. Worsham & M. R. D'Amato (1973). Ambient Light, White Noise, and Monkey Vocalization as Sources of Interference in Visual Short-Term Memory of Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):99-105.score: 21.0
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  22. H. F. Harlow & T. Spaet (1943). Problem Solution by Monkeys Following Bilateral Removal of the Prefrontal Areas. IV. Responses to Stimuli Having Multiple Sign Values. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (6):500.score: 21.0
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  23. R. W. Leary (1958). The Temporal Factor in Reward and Nonreward of Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (3):294.score: 21.0
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  24. Tirin Moore, Hillary R. Rodman & Charles G. Gross (2001). Recovery of Visual Function Following Damage to the Striate Cortex in Monkeys. In Beatrice De Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.), Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes. Oxford University Press. 35-51.score: 21.0
     
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  25. A. Cowey, P. Stoerig & C. Le Mare (1998). Effects of Unseen Stimuli on Reaction Times to Seen Stimuli in Monkeys with Blindsight. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (3):312-323.score: 18.0
    In three macaque monkeys with unilateral removal of primary visual cortex and in one unoperated monkey, we measured reaction times to a visual target that was presented at a lateral eccentricity of 20o in the normal, left, visual hemifield. When an additional stimulus was presented at the corresponding position in the right hemifield (hemianopic in three of the monkeys), it significantly slowed the reaction time to the left target if it preceded it by delays from 100-500 msec. The (...)
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  26. Roger K. R. Thompson & Timothy M. Flemming (2008). Analogical Apes and Paleological Monkeys Revisited. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):149-150.score: 18.0
    We argue that formal analogical reasoning is not a uniquely human trait but is found in chimpanzees, if not in monkeys. We also contest the claim that the relational matching-to-sample task is not exemplary of analogical behavior, and we provide evidence that symbolic-like treatment of relational information can be found in nonhuman species, a point in contention with the relational reinterpretation hypothesis.
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  27. Stefano Borgo, Noemi Spagnoletti, Laure Vieu & Elisabetta Visalberghi (2013). Artifact and Artifact Categorization: Comparing Humans and Capuchin Monkeys. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (3):375-389.score: 18.0
    We aim to show that far-related primates like humans and the capuchin monkeys show interesting correspondences in terms of artifact characterization and categorization. We investigate this issue by using a philosophically-inspired definition of physical artifact which, developed for human artifacts, turns out to be applicable for cross-species comparison. In this approach an artifact is created when an entity is intentionally selected and some capacities attributed to it (often characterizing a purpose). Behavioral studies suggest that this notion of artifact is (...)
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  28. Nikos Logothetis, Individuation and Holistic Processing of Faces in Rhesus Monkeys.score: 18.0
    Despite considerable evidence that neural activity in monkeys reflects various aspects of face perception, relatively little is known about monkeys’ face processing abilities. Two characteristics of face processing observed in humans are a subordinate-level entry point, here, the default recognition of faces at the subordinate, rather than basic, level of categorization, and holistic effects, i.e. perception of facial displays as an integrated whole. The present study used an adaptation paradigm to test whether untrained rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) display (...)
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  29. Frank E. Poirier & Lori J. Fitton (2001). Primate Cultural Worlds: Monkeys, Apes, and Humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):349-350.score: 18.0
    Monkeys and apes, inhabiting variable environments and subjected to K-selection, exhibit cultural behavior transmitted horizontally and vertically, like cetaceans. Behaviors enhancing better health and nutrition, predator avoidance, or mate selection, can affect differential reproduction.Furthermore, dominance hierarchies and social status not only affect the transmission and acceptance of new behaviors but they may also affect genetic inheritance.
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  30. Nobuyuki Kawai (2004). Action Planning in Humans and Chimpanzees but Not in Monkeys. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):42-43.score: 18.0
    Studies with primates in sequence production tasks reveal that chimpanzees make action plans before initiating responses and making on-line adjustments to spatially exchanged stimuli, whereas such planning isn't evident in monkeys. Although planning may rely on phylogenetically newer regions in the inferior parietal lobe – along with the frontal lobes and basal ganglia – it dates back to as far as five million years ago.
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  31. Elizabeth S. Spelke & Marc D. Hauser, Visual Representation in the Wild: How Rhesus Monkeys.score: 18.0
    & Visual object representation was studied in free-ranging rhesus monkeys. To facilitate comparison with humans, and to provide a new tool for neurophysiologists, we used a looking time procedure originally developed for studies of human infants. Monkeys’ looking times were measured to displays with one or two distinct objects, separated or together, stationary or moving. Results indicate that rhesus monkeys..
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  32. J. M. Pearson, B. Y. Hayden & M. L. Platt (2009). Explicit Information Reduces Discounting Behavior in Monkeys. Frontiers in Psychology 1:237-237.score: 18.0
    Animals are notoriously impulsive in common laboratory experiments, preferring smaller, sooner rewards to larger, delayed rewards even when this reduces average reward rates. By contrast, the same animals often engage in natural behaviors that require extreme patience, such as food caching, stalking prey, and traveling long distances to high quality food sites. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that standard laboratory delay discounting tasks artificially inflate impulsivity by subverting animals’ common learning strategies. To test this idea, we examined choices (...)
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  33. Nikos Logothetis, Report Vocal-Tract Resonances as Indexical Cues in Rhesus Monkeys.score: 18.0
    Asif A. Ghazanfar,1,3,* Hjalmar K. Turesson,1,3 statistical pattern recognition [16, 17] and psychophys- Joost X. Maier,1 Ralph van Dinther,2 ics [13, 18–23] have suggested that formants are signif- Roy D. Patterson,2 and Nikos K. Logothetis1 icant contributors to these indexical cues. It is likely, 1Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics then, that detecting formants could have provided 72076 Tuebingen ancestral primates with indexical cues necessary for Germany navigating the complex social interactions that are the 2Centre for the Neural Basis of (...)
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  34. R. E. Bowman & M. Heironimus (1969). Hypothesis Behavior in Monkeys: A "Blank Trials" Procedure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):385.score: 17.0
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  35. Douglas L. Medin, Mary L. Borkhius & Roger T. David (1970). Response Latency and Brightness Judgments by Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):480.score: 17.0
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  36. M. E. Jarvik, T. L. Goldfarb & J. L. Carley (1969). Influence of Interference on Delayed Matching in Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):1.score: 17.0
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  37. Martha Wilson (1972). Assimilation and Contrast Effects in Visual Discrimination by Rhesus Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):279.score: 17.0
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  38. Rayna H. Friendly, Drew Rendall & Laurel J. Trainor (2013). Plasticity After Perceptual Narrowing for Voice Perception: Reinstating the Ability to Discriminate Monkeys by Their Voices at 12 Months of Age. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 16.0
    Differentiating individuals by their voice is an important social skill for infants to acquire. In a previous study, we demonstrated that the ability to discriminate individuals by voice follows a pattern of perceptual narrowing (Friendly, et al., in press). Specifically, we found that the ability to discriminate between two foreign-species (rhesus monkey) voices decreased significantly between 6 and 12 months of age. Also during this period, there was a trend for the ability to discriminate human voices to increase. Here we (...)
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  39. Daniel J. Povinelli (1987). Monkeys, Apes, Mirrors, Minds: The Evolution of Self-Awareness in Primates. Human Evolution 2:493-507.score: 15.0
  40. R. W. Byrne & Andrew Whiten (1988). Machiavellian Intelligence: Social Expertise and the Evolution of Intellect in Monkeys, Apes, and Humans. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    This book presents an alternative to conventional ideas about the evolution of the human intellect.
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  41. Daniel Hart & M. P. Karmel (1996). Self-Awareness and Self-Knowledge in Humans, Apes, and Monkeys. In A. Russon, Kim A. Bard & S. Parkers (eds.), Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
  42. Eric Wiland (2005). Monkeys, Typewriters, and Objective Consequentialism. Ratio 18 (3):352–360.score: 15.0
  43. David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis (1996). Activity Changes in Early Visual Cortex Reflect Monkeys' Percepts During Binocular Rivalry. Nature 379 (6565):549-553.score: 15.0
  44. Alan Cowey (1995). Blindsight in Monkeys. Nature 373:247-9.score: 15.0
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  45. Alan Cowey & Petra Stoerig (1997). Visual Detection in Monkeys with Blindsight. Neuopsychologia 35:929-39.score: 15.0
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  46. Dorothy L. Cheney & Robert M. Seyfarth (1990). How Monkeys See the World: Inside the Mind of Another Species. University of Chicago Press.score: 15.0
    "This reviewer had to be restrained from stopping people in the street to urge them to read it: They would learn something of the way science is done,...
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  47. Piers J. Hale (2013). Monkeys Into Men and Men Into Monkeys: Chance and Contingency in the Evolution of Man, Mind and Morals in Charles Kingsley's Water Babies. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 46 (4):551-597.score: 15.0
    The nineteenth century theologian, author and poet Charles Kingsley was a notable populariser of Darwinian evolution. He championed Darwin’s cause and that of honesty in science for more than a decade from 1859 to 1871. Kingsley’s interpretation of evolution shaped his theology, his politics and his views on race. The relationship between men and apes set the context for Kingsley’s consideration of these issues. Having defended Darwin for a decade in 1871 Kingsley was dismayed to read Darwin’s account of the (...)
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  48. Nate Kornell, Bennett L. Schwartz & Lisa K. Son (2009). What Monkeys Can Tell Us About Metacognition and Mindreading. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):150-151.score: 15.0
    Thinkers in related fields such as philosophy, psychology, and education define metacognition in a variety of different ways. Based on an emerging standard definition in psychology, we present evidence for metacognition in animals, and argue that mindreading and metacognition are largely orthogonal.
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  49. Jay Aronson (2002). 'Molecules and Monkeys': George Gaylord Simpson and the Challenge of Molecular Evolution. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):441 - 465.score: 15.0
    In this paper, I analyze George Gaylord Simpson's response to the molecularization of evolutionary biology from his unique perspective as a paleontologist. I do so by exploring his views on early attempts to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships among primates using molecular data. Particular attention is paid to Simpson's role in the evolutionary synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, as well as his concerns about the rise of molecular biology as a powerful discipline and world-view in the 1960s. I argue that Simpson's (...)
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  50. Elizabeth Spelke (2001). Recognition and Categorization of Biologically Significant Objects by Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta): The Domain of Food. Cognition 82 (2):127-155.score: 15.0
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