Search results for 'Moral Personhood' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  19
    Moral Personhood (2010). 3 Developmental Perspective on the Emergence of Moral Personhood James C. Harris. In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell 55.
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  2. Eva Feder Kittay (2005). At the Margins of Moral Personhood. Ethics 116 (1):100-131.
    In this article I examine the proposition that severe cognitive disability is an impediment to moral personhood. Moral personhood, as I understand it here, is articulated in the work of Jeff McMahan as that which confers a special moral status on a person. I rehearse the metaphysical arguments about the nature of personhood that ground McMahan’s claims regarding the moral status of the “congenitally severely mentally retarded” (CSMR for short). These claims, I argue, (...)
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  3.  14
    Kevin Gibson (2011). Toward an Intermediate Position on Corporate Moral Personhood. Journal of Business Ethics 101 (S1):71-81.
    Models of moral responsibility rely on foundational views about moral agency. Many scholars believe that only humans can be moral agents, and therefore business needs to create models that foster greater receptivity to others through ethical dialog. This view leads to a difficulty if no specific person is the sole causal agent for an act, or if something comes about through aggregated action in a corporate setting. An alternate approach suggests that corporations are moral agents sufficiently (...)
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  4. Azam Golam (2010). On the Notion of Moral Status and Personhood in Biomedical Ethics. The Dhaka Univrsity Studies 67 (1):83-96.
    Personhood argument is important in moral philosophy specially to determine the moral status of a being (human or non-human) and organism. Justifying moral status of these is significant and necessary because without knowing whether those substances have moral status, it is difficult to sketch a moral considering framework for moral action towards them. There are a number of standards e.g. sentience, higher cognitive capacities, the capacity to flourish, sociability, the possession of life, viability, (...)
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  5. Bartlomiej Lenart (2014). Shadow People: Relational Personhood, Extended Diachronic Personal Identity, and Our Moral Obligations Toward Fragile Persons. Dissertation, University of Alberta
    This Dissertation argues for a care-centrically grounded account of relational personhood and widely realized diachronic personal identity. The moral distinction between persons and non-persons is arguably one of the most salient ethical lines we can draw since many of our most fundamental rights are delineated via the bounds of personhood. The problem with drawing such morally salient lines is that the orthodox, rationalistic definition of personhood, which is widespread within philosophical, medical, and colloquial spheres, excludes, and (...)
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  6.  19
    C. D. Meyers (2015). Automatic Behavior and Moral Agency: Defending the Concept of Personhood From Empirically Based Skepticism. Acta Analytica 30 (2):193-209.
    Empirical evidence indicates that much of human behavior is unconscious and automatic. This has led some philosophers to be skeptical of responsible agency or personhood in the moral sense. I present two arguments defending agency from these skeptical concerns. My first argument, the “margin of error” argument, is that the empirical evidence is consistent with the possibility that our automatic behavior deviates only slightly from what we would do if we were in full conscious control. Responsible agency requires (...)
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  7.  24
    Jeremy A. Frimer & Lawrence J. Walker (2008). Towards a New Paradigm of Moral Personhood. Journal of Moral Education 37 (3):333-356.
    Moral psychology is between paradigms. Kohlberg's model of moral rationality has proved inadequate in explaining action; yet its augmentation—moral personality—awaits empirical embodiment. This article addresses some critical issues in developing a comprehensive empirical paradigm of moral personhood. Is a first-person or a third-person definition of moral behaviour more appropriate? Is operative moral judgement better understood as deliberative or intuitive? What is the essential nature of the moral self? Two basic constructs of (...) personality which have been posited to help span the judgement-action gap—moral centrality and integrity—are critically reviewed and some criteria are proffered for evaluating competing models of moral personhood. Significant directions for future research are noted with the hope of moving the field towards a new paradigm of moral personhood. While the content of this paradigm will differ markedly from Kohlberg's, we contend that the spirit of his enterprise will be manifest with vigour redoubled. (shrink)
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  8.  13
    Raymond S. Pfeiffer (1990). The Central Distinction in the Theory of Corporate Moral Personhood. Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):473-480.
    Peter French has argued that conglomerate collectivities such as business corporations are moral persons and that aggregate collectivities such as lynch mobs are not. Two arguments are advanced to show that French's claim is flawed. First, the distinction between aggregates and conglomerates is, at best, a distinction of degree, not kind. Moreover, some aggregates show evidence of moral personhood. Second, French's criterion for distinguishing aggregates and conglomerates is based on inadequate grounds. Application of the criterion to specific (...)
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  9. Steve Matthews (1998). Personal Identity, Multiple Personality Disorder, and Moral Personhood. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):67-88.
    Marya Schechtman argues that psychological continuity accounts of personal identity, as represented by Derek Parfit's account, fail to escape the circularity objection. She claims that Parfit's deployment of quasi-memory (and other quasi-psychological) states to escape circularity implicitly commit us to an implausible view of human psychology. Schechtman suggests that what is lacking here is a coherence condition, and that this is something essential in any account of personal identity. In response to this I argue first that circularity may be escaped (...)
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  10.  57
    Hud Hudson (1999). Temporal Parts and Moral Personhood. Philosophical Studies 93 (3):299-316.
    Three Dimensionalists and Four Dimensionalists are engaged in a debate on the topics of persistence and mereology. In this paper, I explore implications of Four Dimensionalism for the formulation of the criterion of personhood and on the question of which individuals satisfy that criterion. In my discussion I argue that the Four Dimensionalist has reason to identify a human person with a proper part of a human organism, and that the Four Dimensionalist has reason to believe that if there (...)
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  11.  17
    John Chambers Christopher (2007). Culture, Moral Topographies, and Interactive Personhood. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (2-1):170-191.
    This article draws on hermeneutics and interactivism to challenge the prevailing dichotomization of culture/self and fact/value by proposing a theoretical perspective that culture provides a moral framework in which people are embedded and that cultural values and assumptions are distributed across different levels of knowing. I then address the problems of relativism raised by the claim that cultures are different moral topographies, and consider how hermeneutic dialogue is a way of working towards "truth without certainty." I conclude by (...)
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  12.  6
    Francis Dunlop (1981). Moral Personhood: A Tentative Analysis. Journal of Moral Education 11 (1):3-17.
    Abstract The paper is an attempt to provide a brief analysis of moral experience and moral agency set firmly within an experiential analysis of the human person. The approach yields a set of ?moral components? that the moral educator should take into account, but also enables him to understand their significance in human life. The analysis stresses the importance of ?moral character?, which is seen partly in terms of the blind development of innate psychic capacities (...)
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  13.  19
    Michael J. Phillips (1992). Corporate Moral Personhood and Three Conceptions of the Corporation. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):435-459.
    Despite some exceptions, the business ethics literature on the moral responsibility of corporations does not emphasize a subject critical to that inquiry: the general nature of corporations. This article attempts to lessen the imbalance by describing three conceptions of the corporation that have been prominent in twentieth century legal theorizing, and by sketching their implications for the moral responsibility of corporations. These three conceptions, at least two of which have counterparts in the philosophical and organizational theory literature, are (...)
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  14. James C. Harris (2010). Developmental Perspective on the Emergence of Moral Personhood. In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell 55--73.
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  15. Richard Eldridge, Martha C. Nussbaum & Frank Palmer (1998). On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Understanding. Journal of Religious Ethics 26 (2):409-431.
    Frank Palmer, Richard Eldridge, and Martha Nussbaum explore the contributions that imaginative literature can make to ethics. From three different moral philosophical perspectives, they argue that reading literature can help persons to achieve greater moral understanding. This essay examines how each author conceives of moral understanding, particularly in its emotional dimension, and how each thinks that reading literature can promote moral understanding. The essay also considers some implications of this work for religious ethics.
     
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  16.  43
    E. Christian Brugger (2009). “Other Selves”: Moral and Legal Proposals Regarding the Personhood of Cryopreserved Human Embryos. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):105-129.
    This essay has two purposes. The first is to argue that our moral duties towards human embryos should be assessed in light of the Golden Rule by asking the normative question, “how would I want to be treated if I were an embryo?” Some reject the proposition “I was an embryo” on the basis that embryos should not be recognized as persons. This essay replies to five common arguments denying the personhood of human embryos: (1) that early human (...)
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  17.  28
    Thomas W. Smythe (1985). Problems About Corporate Moral Personhood. Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (4):327-333.
    According to peter french, A corporation can be construed as a moral person in the same sense that you and I are persons. Whether this view is tenable is an open question. I examine the objections to this view made in the recent literature and find them wanting. I deal with the questions whether corporations can have intentions, Rights, And consciousness.
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  18.  10
    Rita C. Manning (1988). Dismemberment, Divorce and Hostile Takeovers: A Comment on Corporate Moral Personhood. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (8):639 - 643.
    We can explain our intuitions about corporate takeover cases by appeal to Peter French's picture of the corporation as a moral person. He argues that corporations are persons in much the same sense as you and I, and are entitled to the same rights as humans. On this analysis, takeovers are murders, attempted murders, attempts to enslave, etc. I want to explore the consequences of this view for corporate takeovers. I shall argue that, though French can explain why our (...)
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  19.  10
    David C. Wilson (1984). Functionalism and Moral Personhood: One View Considered. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (June):521-530.
    Daniel dennett has offered a set of necessary and sufficient conditions for something's being the proper object of our moral commitment, That is, For something's being a person. Strict application of these largely pragmatic conditions, However, Would result in a moral community with quite a surprising membership roster, Because of both who is on it and who isn't. The problem is that "your" being a person should amount to more than a function of "my" goals and cleverness.
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  20.  2
    G. E. Scott (1990). Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology. State University of New York Press.
    Examines the underlying assumptions and associated concepts of how we determine whether or not a person is capable of making moral judgements.
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  21.  21
    Sophia Isako Wong (2007). The Moral Personhood of Individuals Labeled “Mentally Retarded”: A Rawlsian Response to Nussbaum. Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):579-594.
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  22.  5
    Eva Feder Kittay (2008). At the Margins of Moral Personhood. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (2-3):137-156.
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  23.  7
    Chryssoula Lemonidou, Elizabeth Papathanassoglou, Margarita Giannakopoulou, Elisabeth Patiraki & Danai Papadatou (2004). Moral Professional Personhood: Ethical Reflections During Initial Clinical Encounters in Nursing Education. Nursing Ethics 11 (2):122-137.
    Moral agency is an important constituent of the nursing role. We explored issues of ethical development in Greek nursing students during clinical practice at the beginning of their studies. Specifically, we aimed to explore students’ lived experience of ethics, and their perceptions and understanding of encountered ethical conflicts through phenomenological analysis of written narratives. The process of developing an awareness of personal values through empathizing with patients was identified as the core theme of the students’ experience. Six more common (...)
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  24.  20
    William J. Mohan (1993). Moral Personhood. International Studies in Philosophy 25 (3):147-149.
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  25.  2
    Richard Eldridge (1991). On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Knowledge. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):169-170.
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  26.  2
    R. Elliot (1992). What Is a Person? Edited by Michael F. Goodman, and Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology by GE Scott. Bioethics 6 (1):41-60.
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  27. Eva Schaper (1991). Richard Eldridge, On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Understanding Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (4):238-240.
     
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  28.  11
    Hud Hudson (1996). Feinberg on the Criterion of Moral Personhood. Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (3):311-318.
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  29.  10
    Owen Flanagan (1991). Book Review:Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology. G. E. Scott. [REVIEW] Ethics 101 (4):866-.
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  30.  8
    Stephen Davies (1991). On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism and Self-Understanding (Review). Philosophy and Literature 15 (1):166-167.
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  31. C. G. Prado (1991). GE Scott, Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (4):291-292.
     
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  32.  1
    Robin Shoaps (forthcoming). Moral Irony and Moral Personhood in Sakapultek Discourse and Culture. Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives.
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  33. R. Elliot (1992). Review Essay of G. Scott, Moral Personhood and M. Goodman, What Is a Person? Bioethics 6 (1):41-60.
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  34. Sauravpran Goswami (1998). Moral Personhood. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 25 (4):517-526.
     
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  35. C. Prado (1991). G.E. Scott, Moral Personhood: An Essay In The Philosophy Of Moral Psychology. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 11:291-292.
     
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  36.  15
    Christian Smith (2003). Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture. Oxford University Press.
    What kind of animals are human beings? And how do our visions of the human shape our theories of social action and institutions? In Moral, Believing Animals>, Christian Smith advances a creative theory of human persons and culture that offers innovative, challenging answers to these and other fundamental questions in sociological, cultural, and religious theory. Smith suggests that human beings have a peculiar set of capacities and proclivities that distinguishes them significantly from other animals on this planet. Despite the (...)
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  37.  7
    David DeGrazia (2016). Modal Personhood and Moral Status: A Reply to Kagan's Proposal. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):22-25.
    Kagan argues that human beings who are neither persons nor even potential persons — if their impairment is independent of genetic constitution — are modal persons: individuals who might have been persons. Moreover, he proposes a view according to which both personhood and modal personhood are sufficient for counting more, morally, than nonhuman animals. In response to this proposal, I raise one relatively minor concern about Kagan's reasoning — that he judges too quickly that insentient beings can have (...)
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  38.  3
    Polycarp Ikuenobe, Good and Beautiful: A Moral-Aesthetic View of Personhood in African Communal Traditions.
    I articulate an African view of personhood that combines beauty and goodness–aesthetic and moral features. I discuss the idea of communalism, which provides the social and moral values and belief system that give meaning to this view of personhood. I use ideas from some African ethnic traditions, or some people’s account of these traditions, as examples to illustrate this view. The similarities in these examples from different ethnic traditions indicate that it is reasonable to characterize this (...)
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  39.  32
    H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr (1993). Personhood, Moral Strangers, and the Evil of Abortion: The Painful Experience of Post-Modernity. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (4):419-421.
    The epistemological and sociological consequences of post-modernity include the inability to show moral strangers, in terms they can see as binding, the moral wrongness of activities such as abortion. Such activities can be perceived as morally disordered within a content-full moral narrative, but not outside of the context it brings. Though one can salvage something of the Enlightenment project of justifying a morality that can bind moral strangers, one is left with moral and metaphysical views (...)
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  40.  24
    D. Christopher Ralston & Justin Ho (2007). Disability, Humanity, and Personhood: A Survey of Moral Concepts. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):619 – 633.
    Three of the articles included in this issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy - Ron Amundson and Shari Tresky's "On a Bioethical Challenge to Disability Rights"; Rachel Cooper's "Can It Be a Good Thing to Be Deaf?"; and Mark T. Brown's "The Potential of the Human Embryo" - interact (in various ways) with the concepts of disability, humanity, and personhood and their normative dimensions. As one peruses these articles, it becomes apparent that terms like "disability," "human being," (...)
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  41. Philip Selznick (1995). Personhood and Moral Obligation. In Amitai Etzioni (ed.), New Communitarian Thinking: Persons, Virtues, Institutions, and Communities. University Press of Virginia 110--25.
     
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  42.  4
    Leah McGarrity (2015). Mādhyamikas on the Moral Benefits of a Self: Buddhist Ethics and Personhood. Philosophy East and West 65 (4):1082-1118.
    Given the centrality of the Buddhist doctrine of ‘no-self’, those instances in which the Buddha does indeed seem to advocate a self have always provided significant sites of hermeneutic inquiry within the Buddhist tradition. They have necessitated a range of sophisticated exegetical tools such as the division of the Buddha’s pronouncements into those of provisional meaning and those of ultimate meaning ; the centrality of discerning the Buddha’s real, as opposed to apparent, intention ; and of course the notion of (...)
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  43.  37
    Jerome C. Wakefield (2009). Mental Disorder and Moral Responsibility: Disorders of Personhood as Harmful Dysfunctions, With Special Reference to Alcoholism. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):91-99.
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  44.  16
    Dominic Wilkinson, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2008). “Neglected Personhood” and Neglected Questions: Remarks on the Moral Significance of Consciousness. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):31 – 33.
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  45.  5
    Russell Blackford (2007). Differing Vulnerabilities: The Moral Significance of Lockean Personhood. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):70-71.
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  46.  20
    Donald Algeo (1981). Abortion, Personhood, and Moral Rights. The Monist 64 (4):543-549.
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  47.  28
    Lawrence A. Locke (1990). Personhood and Moral Responsibility. Law and Philosophy 9 (1):39 - 66.
  48.  2
    Jerome C. Wakefield (2009). Mental Disorder and Moral Responsibility: Disorders of Personhood as Harmful Dysfunctions, With Special Reference to Alcoholism: EdwardsCraig.Ethical Decisions in the Classification of Mental Conditions as Mental Illness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):91-99.
  49. Sahin Aksoy (1997). Personhood: A Matter Of Moral Decisions. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (1):3-4.
     
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  50. Polycarp Ikuenobe (2016). Good and Beautiful: A Moral-Aesthetic View of Personhood in African Communal Traditions. Essays in Philosophy 17 (1):125-163.
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