Search results for 'Moral contractarianism' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
See also:
  1.  43
    Julia Tanner (2013). Contractarianism and Secondary Direct Moral Standing for Marginal Humans and Animals. Res Publica 19 (2):1-16.
    It is commonly thought that neo-Hobbesian contractarianism cannot yield direct moral standing for marginal humans and animals. However, it has been argued that marginal humans and animals can have a form of direct moral standing under neo-Hobbesian contractarianism: secondary moral standing. I will argue that, even if such standing is direct, this account is unsatisfactory because it is counterintuitive and fragile.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Jean Hampton (2007). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Contractarianism in some form has been at the center of recent debates in moral and political philosophy. Jean Hampton was one of the most gifted philosophers involved in these debates and provided both important criticisms of prominent contractarian theories plus powerful defenses and applications of the core ideas of contractarianism. In these essays, she brought her distinctive approach, animated by concern for the intrinsic worth of persons, to bear on topics such as guilt, punishment, self-respect, family relations, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  3.  12
    Samuel Freeman (2006). Moral Contractarianism as a Foundation for Interpersonal Morality. In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub. 6--57.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  6
    Edwin Etieyibo (2013). Bargaining and Agreement in Gauthier's Moral Contractarianism. South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):221-233.
    Bargaining and distribution of benefits accruing from social cooperation are central topics in contractarian accounts of morality or distributive justice in general and David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement in particular. In this paper, I raise some problems for MbA both with regards to bargaining over the benefits of social cooperation and the distribution of such benefits. The worries I raise piggyback on a couple of Jan Narveson’s earlier queries of some of the topics in MbA: those of ‘questionable foundation’ and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Daniel Farnham (ed.) (2007). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Contractarianism in some form has been at the center of recent debates in moral and political philosophy. Jean Hampton was one of the most gifted philosophers involved in these debates and provided both important criticisms of prominent contractarian theories plus powerful defenses and applications of the core ideas of contractarianism. In these essays, she brought her distinctive approach, animated by concern for the intrinsic worth of persons, to bear on topics such as guilt, punishment, self-respect, family relations, (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Daniel Farnham (ed.) (2010). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Contractarianism in some form has been at the center of recent debates in moral and political philosophy. Jean Hampton was one of the most gifted philosophers involved in these debates and provided both important criticisms of prominent contractarian theories plus powerful defenses and applications of the core ideas of contractarianism. In these essays, she brought her distinctive approach, animated by concern for the intrinsic worth of persons, to bear on topics such as guilt, punishment, self-respect, family relations, (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Daniel Farnham (ed.) (2006). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Contractarianism in some form has been at the center of recent debates in moral and political philosophy. Jean Hampton was one of the most gifted philosophers involved in these debates and provided both important criticisms of prominent contractarian theories plus powerful defenses and applications of the core ideas of contractarianism. In these essays, she brought her distinctive approach, animated by concern for the intrinsic worth of persons, to bear on topics such as guilt, punishment, self-respect, family relations, (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Why the international market for pharmaceuticals fails & What to Do About It : A. Comparison of Two Alternative Approaches to Global Ethics (2008). Reflecting the Impact of Ethical Theory : Contractarianism, Ethics, and Economics. Christoph Luetge / Civilising the Barbarians? : On the Apparent Necessity of Moral Surpluses; Soeren Buttkereit and Ingo Pies / Social Dilemmas and the Social Contract; Peter Koslowski / Ethical Economy as the Economy of Ethics and as the Ethics of the Market Economy; Ingo Pies and Stefan Hielscher. In Jesús Conill Sancho, Christoph Luetge & Tatjana Schó̈nwälder-Kuntze (eds.), Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory: On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Ashgate Pub. Company
  9.  30
    Andrew I. Cohen (2007). Contractarianism, Other-Regarding Attitudes, and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):188–201.
  10.  5
    Rex Martin, David Gauthier & Peter Vallentyne (1993). Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):373.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  17
    Matt Matravers (2008). Review of Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (9).
  12.  4
    David Boonin-Vail (1993). Contractarianism Gone Wild: Carruthers and the Moral Status of Animals. Between the Species 10 (1):8.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  10
    Sibyl A. Schwarzenbach (2008). Book ReviewsJean Hampton,. The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Edited by Daniel Farnham.New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Pp. 223. $74.00 ; $27.99. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (1):180-184.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  4
    Carole Pateman (2009). The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. By Jean Hampton. Edited by Daniel Farnham. Hypatia 24 (1):188-191.
  15. Jon Mahoney (2009). Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 28 (2):120-122.
  16. Spencer D. Carr (1975). Rawls, Contractarianism, and Our Moral Intuitions. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (1):83.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. J. Mahoney (2008). Jean Hampton, The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy. Philosophy in Review 28 (2):120.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  32
    Alejandro Rosas (2004). Mind Reading, Deception and the Evolution of Kantian Moral Agents. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (2):127–139.
    Classical evolutionary explanations of social behavior classify behaviors from their effects, not from their underlying mechanisms. Here lies a potential objection against the view that morality can be explained by such models, e.g. Trivers’reciprocal altruism. However, evolutionary theory reveals a growing interest in the evolution of psychological mechanisms and factors them in as selective forces. This opens up perspectives for evolutionary approaches to problems that have traditionally worried moral philosophers. Once the ability to mind-read is factored-in among the relevant (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19. Jesús Conill Sancho, Christoph Luetge & Tatjana Schó̈nwälder-Kuntze (eds.) (2008). Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory: On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Ashgate Pub. Company.
    This study provides a representation of the broad spectrum of theoretical work on topics related to business ethics, with a particular focus on corporate citizenship. It considers relations of business and society alongside social responsibility and moves on to examine the historical and systemic foundations of business ethics, focusing on the concepts of social and ethical responsibilities. The contributors explore established theories and concepts and their impact on moral behaviour. Together, the contributions offer varied philosophical theories in approaches to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20.  2
    Blanca Rodríguez López (2005). Homo Economicus e Individuo Liberal: una derivación de la moral a partir del interés propio. Logos 38 (1):87-115.
    Apoyándose en la Teoría de la Elección Racional y en el contractualismo, Gauthier intenta derivar la moralidad como una restricción en la maximización de la utilidad justificada por la razón a partir de una situación y unos agentes moralmente neutrales. El mantenimiento de los acuerdos satisfactorios sería racionalmente justificable incluso en ausencia de restricciones externas. En este artículo analizamos la argumentación ofrecida por Gauthier en apoyo de su contractualismo moral y defendemos que, en determinadas situaciones, los acuerdos cuyo cumplimiento (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Fritz Allhoff (2009). The Evolution of the Moral Sentiments and the Metaphysics of Morals. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (1):97 - 114.
    So-called evolutionary error theorists, such as Michael Ruse and Richard Joyce, have argued that naturalistic accounts of the moral sentiments lead us to adopt an error theory approach to morality. Roughly, the argument is that an appreciation of the etiology of those sentiments undermines any reason to think that they track moral truth and, furthermore, undermines any reason to think that moral truth actually exists. I argue that this approach offers us a false dichotomy between error theory (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  22
    Michael Moehler (2016). Orthodox Rational Choice Contractarianism: Before and After Gauthier. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 15 (2):113-131.
    In a recent article, Gauthier rejects orthodox rational choice contractarianism in favor of a revisionist approach to the social contract that, according to him, justifies his principle of maximin proportionate gain as a principle of distributive justice. I agree with Gauthier that his principle of maximin proportionate gain cannot be justified by orthodox rational choice contractarianism. I argue, however, that orthodox rational choice contractarianism, before and after Gauthier, is still a viable approach to the social contract, although (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  58
    Kenneth R. Westphal (forthcoming). ‘Constructivism, Contractarianism and Basic Obligations: Kant and Gauthier’. In J.-C. Merle (ed.), Reading Kant’s Doctrine of Right.
    Gauthier’s contractarianism begins with an idea of a rational deliberator but ‘finds no basis for postulating a moral need for the justification of one’s actions to others. The role of agreement is to address each person’s demand that the constraints of society be justified to him, not a concern that he justify himself to his fellows’ (Gauther 1997, 134–5). He contrasts his view with Scanlon’s contractualism, according to which agreement with others is the core of morality and each (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  54
    Robert Bass (2000). Pure Contractarianism: Promise, Problems, Prospects. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2-3):319-332.
    Several different positions are classified as contractarian. Though there are variations among them, they all include the assumption that practical or action-guiding principles, among which are principles of moral justification and of political legitimacy, somehow have their basis in consent. A contractarian may or may not believe that there are other practical principles that are based on or justified by something besides consent. If he believes there are any others, there will be delicate issues to address as to whether (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  10
    Daniel Beck (2015). Between Relativism and Imperialism: Navigating Moral Diversity in Cross‐Cultural Bioethics. Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):162-171.
    The need for explicit theoretical reflection on cross-cultural bioethics continues to grow as the spread of communication technologies and increased human migration has made interactions between medical professionals and patients from different cultural backgrounds much more common. I claim that this need presents us with the following dilemma. On the one hand, we do not want to operate according to an imperialist ethical framework that denies and silences the legitimacy of cultural values other than our own. On the other hand, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  8
    Janice Richardson (2007). On Not Making Ourselves the Prey of Others: Jean Hampton's Feminist Contractarianism. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 15 (1):33-55.
    This article assesses Jean Hampton’s feminist contractarianism by considering the way in which she draws together the contradictory positions of Hobbes and Kant to produce a test for exploitation in personal relationships. The ways in which this work fits with her other analysis of retribution, gratitude and self-worth are examined. Hampton’s work is evaluated in the context of Carole Pateman’s argument that moral theories distract from the political analysis of who has a voice in relationships. Hampton’s work presumes (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  2
    Pedro Francés-Gómez (2003). Some Difficulties in Sacconi's View About Corporate Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 42 (2):165 - 180.
    Lorenzo Sacconi's The Social Contract of the Firm (Berlin, Springer, 2000) is a major contribution to the normative theory of the firm. It contains a full-fledged contractarian explanation of the role of Corporate Codes of Ethics. Sacconi proposes a game-theoretical model of the normative structure of the firm, including explicit and implicit contracts binding the members of the organisation, and the so-called constitutional contract: the hypothetical agreement that sets the basic co-operative structure in which the organisation consists. While Sacconi's theory (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28. Mark Rowlands (1997). Contractarianism and Animal Rights. Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (3):235–247.
    It is widely accepted, by both friends and foes of animal rights, that contractarianism is the moral theory least likely to justify the assigning of direct moral status to non-human animals. These are not, it is generally supposed, rational agents, and contractarian approaches can grant direct moral status only to such agents. I shall argue that this widely accepted view is false. At least some forms of contractarianism, when properly understood, do, in fact, entail that (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  29. Mark Rowlands (2009). Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Animal rights and moral theories -- Arguing for one's species -- Utilitarianism and animals : Peter Singer's case for animal liberation -- Tom Regan : animal rights as natural rights -- Virtue ethics and animals -- Contractarianism and animal rights -- Animal minds.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  30. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Mark Timmons (eds.) (1996). Moral Knowledge? New Readings in Moral Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    In Moral Knowledge? New Readings in Moral Epistemology, editors Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Mark Timmons bring together eleven specially commissioned essays by distinguished moral philosophers exploring the nature and possibility of moral knowledge. Each essay represents a major position within the exciting field of moral epistemology in which a proponent of the position presents and defends his or her view and locates it vis-a-vis competing views. The authors include established philosophers such as Peter Railton, Robert Audi, (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  31.  19
    Andrew I. Cohen (2009). Contractarianism and Interspecies Welfare Conflicts. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):227-257.
    In this essay I describe how contractarianism might approach interspecies welfare conflicts. I start by discussing a contractarian account of the moral status of nonhuman animals. I argue that contractors can agree to norms that would acknowledge the of some animals. I then discuss how the norms emerging from contractarian agreement might constrain any comparison of welfare between humans and animals. Contractarian agreement is likely to express some partiality to humans in a way that discounts the welfare of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  32.  58
    Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Contemporary Contractarian Moral Theory.
    Contractarianism, as a general approach to moral and political thought, has perspective I offer, however, is not scrupulously historical. I smooth over a good deal of the twists and turns that due care to the historical record would had a long and distinguished history -- its roots are easily traced as far back as..
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  39
    Tim Chappell (2009). Ethics and Experience: Life Beyond Moral Theory. Routledge.
    "Ethics and Experience" presents a wide-ranging and thought-provoking introduction to the question famously posed by Socrates: How is life to be lived? 'An excellent primer for any student taking a course on moral philosophy, the book introduces ethics as a single and broadly unified field of inquiry in which we apply reason to try and solve Socrates' question. "Ethics and Experience "examines the major forms of ethical subjectivism and objectivism - including expressivism, error theory', naturalism, and intuitionism. The book (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  32
    Hugh LaFollette, Contemporary Contractarian Moral Theory.
    Contractarianism, as a general approach to moral and political thought, has had a long and distinguished history -- its roots are easily traced as far back as Plato's Republic, where Glaucon advanced it as a view of justice, and its influential representatives include Pufendorf, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, and Kant. In various ways, to various purposes, and against the background of various assumptions, each of these philosophers offered contractarian arguments for the views they defended. What binds the tradition (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  5
    Chris Tucker & Chris MacDonald (2004). Beastly Contractarianism? A Contractarian Analysis of the Possibility of Animal Rights. Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):31.
    Social Contract theorists and animal advocates seem to have agreed to go their separate ways. Contractarians have avoided attempting to address an issue that seems destined to prove embarrassing for the theory given the current political climate. It is largely thought that contractarianism affirms the meager moral standing commonly attributed to most animals. In the face of this consensus, animal advocates who feel the need to philosophically ground the moral status of animals have turned to other potential (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  4
    Daniel Loewe (2010). Obligaciones Hacia Generaciones Futuras: El Caso Contractual. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 55 (1):21-66.
    Neste texto, investiga-se a extensão diacrônica da comuni- dade moral no âmbito de teorias contratualistas. Para isso, examinam-se críticas à possibilidade lógica de sustentar obrigações em relação a gerações futuras e se abordam modelos argumentativos contratualistas de justificação dessas obrigações que se baseiam no interesse próprio e na imparcialidade. De acordo com essa pesquisa, a melhor defesa dessas obrigações se pode articular recorrendo a esse último tipo de contratualismo.
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  8
    Jung Soon Park (2008). Rawls' Avowed Error in Rational Contractarianism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:325-340.
    Over twenty years after the publication of A Theory of Justice (1971), Rawls avowed that it was an error in Theory to describe a theory of justice as part of the theory of rational choice. This paper elucidates the reasons why Rawls had to make such an avowal of the error in connection with his contractarian rational deduction project of morality, i.e., rational contractarianism. Two major issues are involved here. They are about the construction of the original position and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  3
    Matthew Taylor (2014). Grounding Animal Rights in Mutual Advantage Contractarianism. Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (3):184-207.
    Matthew Taylor | : Contrary to critics and advocates of contractarianism alike, I argue that mutual advantage contractarianism entails rights and protections for animals. In section one I outline the criteria that must be met in order for an individual to qualify for moral rights on the contractarian view. I then introduce an alternative form of ‘rights,’ which I call ‘protectorate status,’ from which an individual can receive protections indirectly. In section two I suggest guidelines for assigning (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Stephen Darwell (ed.) (2002). Contractarianism / Contractualism. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _ _ _Contractualism/Contractarianism_ collects, for the first time, both major classical sources and central contemporary discussions of these important approaches to philosophical ethics. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative ethics. With a helpful introduction by Stephen Darwall, examines key topics in the contractarian and contractualist moral theory. Includes six contemporary essays which respond to the classic sources. Includes an insightful discussion of contractualism by Gary Watson. Includes classic excerpts by key (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  40.  22
    Georgia Testa (2003). Gauthier and the Capacity for Morality. Res Publica 9 (3):223-242.
    In Morals by Agreement, David Gauthier tries to provide a justification of morality from morally neutral premises within the constraints of an instrumental conception of reason. But his reliance on this narrow conception of reason creates problems, for it suggests that moral motivation is self-interested. However, Gauthier holds that to act morally is to act for the sake of morality and others, not oneself. An individual who so acts has what he calls an affective capacity for morality. He attempts (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. R. Eric Barnes (1998). Cooperation and Trust: Puzzles in Utilitarian and Contractarian Moral Theory. Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    An adequate moral theory must provide for cooperation and trust between moral agents, but a tension exists between cooperating and maximizing. This tension is prominent in utilitarianism and contractarianism . Various puzzles illustrate this tension, and both utilitarians and contractarians must solve these to present a coherent moral theory. These puzzles include new and resilient versions of classic objections to utilitarianism, such as the claims that utilitarian agents cannot be trusted to keep promises and cannot take (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Tim Chappell (2009). Ethics and Experience: Life Beyond Moral Theory. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    "Ethics and Experience" presents a wide-ranging and thought-provoking introduction to the question famously posed by Socrates: How is life to be lived? 'An excellent primer for any student taking a course on moral philosophy, the book introduces ethics as a single and broadly unified field of inquiry in which we apply reason to try and solve Socrates' question. "Ethics and Experience "examines the major forms of ethical subjectivism and objectivism - including expressivism, error theory', naturalism, and intuitionism. The book (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Tim Chappell (2009). Ethics and Experience: Life Beyond Moral Theory. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    "Ethics and Experience" presents a wide-ranging and thought-provoking introduction to the question famously posed by Socrates: How is life to be lived? 'An excellent primer for any student taking a course on moral philosophy, the book introduces ethics as a single and broadly unified field of inquiry in which we apply reason to try and solve Socrates' question. "Ethics and Experience "examines the major forms of ethical subjectivism and objectivism - including expressivism, error theory', naturalism, and intuitionism. The book (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Tim Chappell (2014). Ethics and Experience: Life Beyond Moral Theory. Routledge.
    "Ethics and Experience" presents a wide-ranging and thought-provoking introduction to the question famously posed by Socrates: How is life to be lived? 'An excellent primer for any student taking a course on moral philosophy, the book introduces ethics as a single and broadly unified field of inquiry in which we apply reason to try and solve Socrates' question. "Ethics and Experience "examines the major forms of ethical subjectivism and objectivism - including expressivism, error theory', naturalism, and intuitionism. The book (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Stephen Darwell (ed.) (2008). Contractarianism / Contractualism. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _ Contractualism/Contractarianism_ collects, for the first time, both major classical sources and central contemporary discussions of these important approaches to philosophical ethics. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative ethics. With a helpful introduction by Stephen Darwall, examines key topics in the contractarian and contractualist moral theory. Includes six contemporary essays which respond to the classic sources. Includes an insightful discussion of contractualism by Gary Watson. Includes classic excerpts by key figures (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Stephen Darwell (ed.) (2002). Contractarianism / Contractualism. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _ _ _Contractualism/Contractarianism_ collects, for the first time, both major classical sources and central contemporary discussions of these important approaches to philosophical ethics. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative ethics. With a helpful introduction by Stephen Darwall, examines key topics in the contractarian and contractualist moral theory. Includes six contemporary essays which respond to the classic sources. Includes an insightful discussion of contractualism by Gary Watson. Includes classic excerpts by key (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  5
    Jody S. Kraus (1993). The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the most comprehensive, rigorous critique of contemporary Hobbesian contractarianism as expounded in the work of Jean Hampton, Gregory Kavka, and David Gauthier. Professor Kraus argues that the attempts by these three philosophers to use Hobbes to answer current political and moral questions fail. The reasons why they fail are related to fundamental problems intrinsic to Hobbesian contractarianism: first, the problem of collective action arising out of the tension in Hobbes' theory between individual and collective (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Vicente Medina (1988). The Development of Contractarianism: From Hobbes to Rawls. Dissertation, University of Miami
    Different forms of contractarianism are assessed and explained. The concept of the social contract, as it is used by Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Rawls, is found to be inadequate for the development of a coherent political philosophy. Moreover it is argued that both contractarians as well as the anti-contractarians I shall consider fail in their account of political authority and in their account of political obligation. If this is so, then it follows that there is no general prima (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. R. Malcolm Murray (1995). Occurrent Contractarianism: A Preference-Based Ethical Theory. Dissertation, University of Waterloo (Canada)
    There is a problem within contractarian ethics that I wish to resolve. It concerns individual preferences. Contractarianism holds that morality, properly conceived, can satisfy individual preferences and interests better than amorality or immorality. What is unclear, however, is whether these preferences are those individuals actually hold or those that they should hold. The goal of my thesis is to investigate this question. I introduce a version of contractarian ethics that relies on individual preferences in a manner more stringent than (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Rosamond Rhodes (1990). The Moral Leviathan. Dissertation, City University of New York
    The primary aim of this work on Hobbes is to present a new construction of his moral and political views. I argue for a reading of the text which dramatically recasts his theory as a deontological contractarianism rather than a consequentialist contractarianism. This reading of the text pays serious attention to Hobbes's usually neglected rejection of prudential calculation and his commitment to the method of Reason which he explains as what we would now call analytical deduction from (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000