Search results for 'Morten Moth' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  38
    Bent Sørensen, Torkild Thellefsen & Morten Moth (2007). Metaphor and Cognition From a Peircean Perspective. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):562 - 574.
    : C. S. Peirce had no theory of metaphor and provided only few remarks concerning the trope. Yet, some of these remarks seem to suggest that Peirce saw metaphor as fundamental to consciousness and thought. In this article we sketch a possible connection between metaphor and cognition; we understand Peircean metaphor as rooted in abduction; it is part of an intricate relation between experience, body, sign and guessing instinct as a semeiotic mechanism which can convey new insights.
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  2.  32
    Overgaard Morten (2008). An Integration of First-Person Methodologies in Cognitive Science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):100-120.
    A number of recent publications have argued that a scientific approach to consciousness needs a rigorous approach to first-person data collection. As mainstream experimental psychology has long abandoned such introspective or phenomenological method, there is at present no generally agreed upon method for first-person data collection in experimental consciousness studies. There are, however, a number of recent articles that all claim to provide a unique contribution to such a methodology. This article reviews these suggestions and extracts their core features. It (...)
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  3.  6
    Lucien Morten (2012). About Science in Modern Western Culture. Dialectics and Humanism 14 (3):39-47.
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  4. Hviid Morten (1997). Games Lawyers Play? Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 17 (4).
     
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  5.  8
    David Wÿss Rudge (1999). Taking the Peppered Moth with a Grain of Salt. Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):9-37.
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's (1955, 1956) classic field experiments on industrial melanism in polluted and unpolluted settings using the peppered moth, Biston betularia, are routinely cited as establishing that the melanic (dark) form of the moth rose in frequency downwind of industrial centers because of the cryptic advantage dark coloration provides against visual predators in soot-darkened environments. This paper critiques three common myths surrounding these investigations: (1) that Kettlewell used a model that identified crypsis as the only selective (...)
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  6.  11
    DavidWÿss Rudge (1999). Taking the Peppered Moth with a Grain of Salt. Biology and Philosophy 14 (1).
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's (1955, 1956) classic field experiments on industrial melanism in polluted and unpolluted settings using the peppered moth, Biston betularia, are routinely cited as establishing that the melanic (dark) form of the moth rose in frequency downwind of industrial centers because of the cryptic advantage dark coloration provides against visual predators in soot-darkened environments. This paper critiques three common myths surrounding these investigations: (1) that Kettlewell used a model that identified crypsis as the only selective (...)
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  7. M. Moth-Smith (1908). Moth Smith, Morton B. Metageometrische Raumtheorien. Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
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  8.  3
    Anders Dræby Sørensen (2016). Morten Timmermann Korsgaard, Hannah Arendt og pædagogikken. Studier I Pædagogisk Filosofi 4 (2):106-107.
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  9. Jessie M. Sweet M. B. E. B. Sc (2006). Morten Wormskiold: Botanist: (1783–1845). Annals of Science 28 (3):293-305.
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  10. Jakob L. Fink (2012). Form and Content in the Philosophical Dialogue: Dialectic and Dialogue in the Lysis / Morten S. Thaning ; The Laches and 'Joint Search' Dialectic / Holger Thesleff ; The Philosophical Importance of the Dialogue Form for Plato / Charles H. Kahn ; How Did Aristotle Read a Platonic Dialogue? In The Development of Dialectic From Plato to Aristotle. Cambridge University Press
  11.  14
    E. D. Phillips (1966). Anatomy of Fable Morten Nøjgaard: La Fable Antique. Tome I: La Fable Grecque Avant Phèdre. Pp. 600. Copenhagen: Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1964. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 16 (02):199-200.
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  12.  5
    P. Cameron (1905). On Two Species of Ichneumonidæ Parasitic on the Codling Moth in Cape Colony. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 16 (1):337-339.
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  13.  5
    Roland Trimen (1881). Vii. Note on Tinea Vastella : A South-African Moth Whose Larva Feeds on Horn. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 3 (2):24-26.
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  14.  3
    Michael J. Enright (1992). Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit, 3/1: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 3, Text), by Morten Axboe et al.; 3/2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 3, Tafeln), ed. Karl Hauck et al.(Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften, 24/3.) Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1989. 3/1: pp. 374; black-and-white figures, tables. 3/2: pp. xvii, 142; many black-and-white plates, tables. DM 380. [REVIEW] Speculum 67 (4):968-970.
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  15.  7
    Sven-Olov Wallenstein (2010). Morten Kyndrup: Den Æstetiske Relation. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 21 (39).
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  16.  1
    Michael J. Enright (1988). Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit, 1/1: Einleitung, by Karl Hauck et al.; 1/2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 1, Text), by Morten Axboe et al.; 1/3: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 1, Tafeln), ed. Karl Hauck et al.; 2/1: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 2, Text), by Morten Axboe et al.; 2/2: Ikonographischer Katalog (IK 2, Tafeln), ed. Karl Hauck et al.(Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften, 24.) Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 1985–1986. 1/1: pp. 266; 5 plates. 1/2: pp. 360. 1/3: pp. xviii, plus 279 pp. of plates ... [REVIEW] Speculum 63 (2):403-406.
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  17.  2
    Sven-Olov Wallenstein (2010). REVIEW The Aesthetic Relation: Morten Kyndrup: Den Æstetiske Relation. Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 2008.175 Pages. ISBN 978-87-02-06299-1. [REVIEW] Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 21 (39):113-123.
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  18. Christoph Schmidt-Petri (2010). Morten EJ Nielsen, Ed. Political Questions: 5 Questions on Political Philosophy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 28 (5):359-361.
     
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  19. Joseph Harris (2013). Wilhelm Heizmann and Morten Axboe, eds., Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit: Auswertung und Neufunde. (Ergänzungsbände zum Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde 40.) Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2011. Pp. xiv, 1026; 102 plates. $280. ISBN: 9783110224115. [REVIEW] Speculum 88 (1):308-310.
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  20. Daniel Kohanski (1998). The Philosophical Programmer: Reflections on the Moth in the Machine. St. Martin's Press.
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  21. Christoph Schmidt-Petri (2008). Morten E.J. Nielsen, Ed. Political Questions: 5 Questions on Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 28:359-361.
     
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  22.  38
    Morten Thaning (2010). Carleton B. Christensen, Self and World: From Analytic Philosophy to Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 26 (3):233-243.
    Carleton B. Christensen, Self and World: From Analytic Philosophy to Phenomenology Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s10743-010-9078-2 Authors Morten S. Thaning, Department of Philosophy, Politics, and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Solbjerg Plads 3, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark Journal Husserl Studies Online ISSN 1572-8501 Print ISSN 0167-9848 Journal Volume Volume 26 Journal Issue Volume 26, Number 3.
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  23. Murat Aydede & Donald D. Price (2005). Introspection and Unrevisability: Reply to Commentaries. In Pain: New Essays on its Nature and the Methodology of its Study. Cambridge Ma: Bradford Book/MIT Press
     
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  24.  18
    Kristian Sandberg, Bert Timmermans, Morten Overgaard & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Measuring Consciousness: Is One Measure Better Than the Other? Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1069-1078.
    What is the best way of assessing the extent to which people are aware of a stimulus? Here, using a masked visual identification task, we compared three measures of subjective awareness: The Perceptual Awareness Scale , through which participants are asked to rate the clarity of their visual experience; confidence ratings , through which participants express their confidence in their identification decisions, and Post-decision wagering , in which participants place a monetary wager on their decisions. We conducted detailed explorations of (...)
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  25. Jennifer B. Misyak, Morten H. Christiansen & J. Bruce Tomblin (2010). Sequential Expectations: The Role of Prediction‐Based Learning in Language. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):138-153.
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  26.  31
    Mariateresa Torchia, Andrea Calabrò & Morten Huse (2011). Women Directors on Corporate Boards: From Tokenism to Critical Mass. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):299-317.
    Academic debate on the strategic importance of women corporate directors is widely recognized and still open. However, most corporate boards have only one woman director or a small minority of women directors. Therefore they can still be considered as tokens. This article addresses the following question: does an increased number of women corporate boards result in a build up of critical mass that substantially contributes to firm innovation? The aim is to test if ‘at least three women’ could constitute the (...)
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  27.  34
    Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater (2008). Language as Shaped by the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  28.  91
    Anil K. Seth, Zoltan Dienes, Axel Cleeremans, Morten Overgaard & Luiz Pessoa (2008). Measuring Consciousness: Relating Behavioural and Neurophysiological Approaches. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):314-321.
  29. Berit Brogaard (2011). Are There Unconscious Perceptual Processes? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):449-63.
    Blindsight and vision for action seem to be exemplars of unconscious visual processes. However, researchers have recently argued that blindsight is not really a kind of uncon- scious vision but is rather severely degraded conscious vision. Morten Overgaard and col- leagues have recently developed new methods for measuring the visibility of visual stimuli. Studies using these methods show that reported clarity of visual stimuli correlates with accuracy in both normal individuals and blindsight patients. Vision for action has also come (...)
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  30.  29
    Morten Overgaard, Julian Rote, Kim Mouridsen & Thomas Zoega Ramsoy (2006). Is Conscious Perception Gradual or Dichotomous? A Comparison of Report Methodologies During a Visual Task. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):700-708.
    In a recent article, [Sergent, C. & Dehaene, S. . Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink, Psychological Science, 15, 720–729] claim to give experimental support to the thesis that there is a clear transition between conscious and unconscious perception. This idea is opposed to theoretical arguments that we should think of conscious perception as a continuum of clarity, with e.g., fringe conscious states [Mangan, B. . Sensation’s ghost—the non-sensory “fringe” of consciousness, Psyche, (...)
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  31. Berit Brogaard (2012). Non-Visual Consciousness and Visual Images in Blindsight. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):595-596.
    In a recent response paper to Brogaard (2011a), Morten Overgaard and Thor Grünbaum argue that my case for the claim that blindsight subjects are not visually conscious of the stimuli they correctly identify rests on a mistaken necessary criterion for determining whether a conscious experience is visual or non-visual. Here I elaborate on the earlier argu- ment while conceding that the question of whether blindsight subjects are visually con- scious of the visual stimuli they correctly identify largely is an (...)
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  32.  68
    Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard (2004). Introspection and Subliminal Perception. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.
    Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and necessity of (...)
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  33.  19
    Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby (2003). Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
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  34. Morten Overgaard (2011). Visual Experience and Blindsight: A Methodological Review. Experimental Brain Research 209:473-479.
    Blindsight is classically defined as residual visual capacity, e.g., to detect and identify visual stimuli, in the total absence of perceptual awareness following lesions to V1. However, whereas most experiments have investigated what blindsight patients can and cannot do, the literature contains several, often contradictory, remarks about remaining visual experience. This review examines closer these remarks as well as experiments that directly approach the nature of possibly spared visual experiences in blindsight.
     
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  35.  8
    Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater (1999). Toward a Connectionist Model of Recursion in Human Linguistic Performance. Cognitive Science 23 (2):157-205.
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  36.  41
    Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen (2009). Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581 - 597.
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also explored the (...)
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  37.  9
    Ram Frost, Blair C. Armstrong, Noam Siegelman & Morten H. Christiansen (2015). Domain Generality Versus Modality Specificity: The Paradox of Statistical Learning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (3):117-125.
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  38.  21
    Morten Overgaard & Thor Grünbaum (2011). Consciousness and Modality: On the Possible Preserved Visual Consciousness in Blindsight Subjects. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1855-1859.
    In a recent paper, Brogaard presents counter-arguments to the conclusions of an experiment with blindsight subject GR. She argues that contrary to the apparent findings that GR’s preserved visual abilities relate to degraded visual experiences, she is in fact fully unconscious of the stimuli she correctly identifies. In this paper, we present arguments and evidence why Brogaard’s argument does not succeed in its purpose. We suggest that not only is relevant empirical evidence in opposition to Brogaard’s argument, her argument misconstrues (...)
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  39.  22
    Morten Heine Sørensen (2007). Lectures on the Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Elsevier.
    The Curry-Howard isomorphism states an amazing correspondence between systems of formal logic as encountered in proof theory and computational calculi as found in type theory. For instance, minimal propositional logic corresponds to simply typed lambda-calculus, first-order logic corresponds to dependent types, second-order logic corresponds to polymorphic types, sequent calculus is related to explicit substitution, etc. The isomorphism has many aspects, even at the syntactic level: formulas correspond to types, proofs correspond to terms, provability corresponds to inhabitation, proof normalization corresponds to (...)
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  40.  20
    Padraic Monaghan, Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen (2005). The Differential Role of Phonological and Distributional Cues in Grammatical Categorisation. Cognition 96 (2):143-182.
  41.  5
    Florencia Reali & Morten H. Christiansen (2005). Uncovering the Richness of the Stimulus: Structure Dependence and Indirect Statistical Evidence. Cognitive Science 29 (6):1007-1028.
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  42.  15
    John Michael, Kathleen Bogart, Kristian Tylen, Joel Krueger, Morten Bech, John R. Ostergaard & Riccardo Fusaroli (2014). Control and Flexibility of Interactive Alignment: Mobius Syndrome as a Case Study. Cognitive Processing 15 (1):S125-126.
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  43.  15
    John Michael, Kathleen Bogart, Kristian Tylen, Joel Krueger, Morten Bech, John R. Ostergaard & Riccardo Fusaroli (2015). Training in Compensatory Strategies Enhances Rapport in Interactions Involving People with Möebius Syndrome. Frontiers in Neurology 6 (213):1-11.
    In the exploratory study reported here, we tested the efficacy of an intervention designed to train teenagers with Möbius syndrome (MS) to increase the use of alternative communication strategies (e.g., gestures) to compensate for their lack of facial expressivity. Specifically, we expected the intervention to increase the level of rapport experienced in social interactions by our participants. In addition, we aimed to identify the mechanisms responsible for any such increase in rapport. In the study, five teenagers with MS interacted with (...)
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  44.  8
    Jennifer B. Misyak, Morten H. Christiansen & J. Bruce Tomblin (2010). Sequential Expectations: The Role of Prediction‐Based Learning in Language. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):138-153.
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  45.  15
    Christopher M. Conway & Morten H. Christiansen (2001). Sequential Learning in Non-Human Primates. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (12):539-546.
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  46.  10
    Morten H. Christiansen & Padraic Monaghan (2015). Division of Labor in Vocabulary Structure: Insights From Corpus Analyses. Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Psychologists have used experimental methods to study language for more than a century. However, only with the recent availability of large-scale linguistic databases has a more complete picture begun to emerge of how language is actually used, and what information is available as input to language acquisition. Analyses of such “big data” have resulted in reappraisals of key assumptions about the nature of language. As an example, we focus on corpus-based research that has shed new light on the arbitrariness of (...)
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  47.  40
    Morten Overgaard, Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Optimizing Subjective Measures of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):682-684.
    Dienes and Seth (2010) conclude that confidence ratings and post-decision wagering are two comparable and recommendable measures of conscious experience. In a recently submitted paper, we have however found that both methods are problematic and seem less suited to measure consciousness than a direct introspective measure. Here, we discuss the methodology and conclusions put forward by Dienes and Seth, and why we think the two experiments end up with so different recommendations.
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  48.  32
    Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen (2010). Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution. Cognitive Science 34 (7):1131-1157.
    Recent research suggests that language evolution is a process of cultural change, in which linguistic structures are shaped through repeated cycles of learning and use by domain-general mechanisms. This paper draws out the implications of this viewpoint for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new, and much more tractable, form. In essence, the child faces a problem of induction, where the objective is to coordinate with others (C-induction), rather than to model the structure of the (...)
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  49.  30
    Stanka A. Fitneva & Morten H. Christiansen (2011). Looking in the Wrong Direction Correlates With More Accurate Word Learning. Cognitive Science 35 (2):367-380.
    Previous research on lexical development has aimed to identify the factors that enable accurate initial word-referent mappings based on the assumption that the accuracy of initial word-referent associations is critical for word learning. The present study challenges this assumption. Adult English speakers learned an artificial language within a cross-situational learning paradigm. Visual fixation data were used to assess the direction of visual attention. Participants whose longest fixations in the initial trials fell more often on distracter images performed significantly better at (...)
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  50.  10
    Mikkel C. Vinding, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard (2013). Unravelling Intention: Distal Intentions Increase the Subjective Sense of Agency. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):810-815.
    Experimental studies investigating the contribution of conscious intention to the generation of a sense of agency for one’s own actions tend to rely upon a narrow definition of intention. Often it is operationalized as the conscious sensation of wanting to move right before movement. Existing results and discussion are therefore missing crucial aspects of intentions, namely intention as the conscious sensation of wanting to move in advance of the movement. In the present experiment we used an intentional binding paradigm, in (...)
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