Search results for 'Mustafa A. Alexander' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  2
    Amir Alexander, Aesha Mustafa, Sarah A. V. Emil, Ebenezer Amekah, Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu & Cheryl A. Moyer (2013). Social Support During Delivery in Rural Central Ghana: A Mixed Methods Study of Women's Preferences for and Against Inclusion of a Lay Companion in the Delivery Room. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-17.score: 12600.0
  2.  16
    Fabrice Jotterand, Shawn M. McClintock, Archie A. Alexander & Mustafa M. Husain (2010). Ethics and Informed Consent of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD). Neuroethics 3 (1):13-22.score: 900.0
    Since the Nuremberg trials (1947–1949), informed consent has become central for ethical practice in patient care and biomedical research. Codes of ethics emanating from the Nuremberg Code (1947) recognize the importance of protecting patients and research subjects from abuses, manipulation and deception. Informed consent empowers individuals to autonomously and voluntarily accept or reject participation in either clinical treatment or research. In some cases, however, the underlying mental or physical condition of the individual may alter his or her cognitive abilities and (...)
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  3.  93
    Samuel A. Alexander (2014). A Machine That Knows Its Own Code. Studia Logica 102 (3):567-576.score: 600.0
    We construct a machine that knows its own code, at the price of not knowing its own factivity.
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  4. Hanan A. Alexander (2006). A View From Somewhere: Explaining the Paradigms of Educational Research. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):205–221.score: 600.0
    In this paper I ask how educational researchers can believe the subjective perceptions of qualitative participant-observers given the concern for objectivity and generalisability of experimental research in the behavioural and social sciences. I critique the most common answer to this question within the educational research community, which posits the existence of two (or more) equally legitimate epistemological paradigms—positivism and constructivism—and offer an alternative that places a priority in educational research on understanding the purposes and meanings humans attribute to educational practices. (...)
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  5.  12
    Larry Alexander & Kimberly Kessler Ferzan (2012). Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):281-287.score: 600.0
    Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-7 DOI 10.1007/s11572-012-9143-3 Authors Larry Alexander, San Diego, CA, USA Kimberly Kessler Ferzan, Camden, NJ, USA Journal Criminal Law and Philosophy Online ISSN 1871-9805 Print ISSN 1871-9791.
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  6.  8
    J. McKenzie Alexander (2014). Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.score: 600.0
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  7.  8
    A. Walton Nancy, G. Karabanow Alexander & Jehangir Saleh (2008). Students as Members of University-Based Academic Research Ethics Boards: A Natural Evolution. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2).score: 600.0
    University based academic Research Ethics Boards (REB) face the particularly difficult challenge of trying to achieve representation from a variety of disciplines, methodologies and research interests. Additionally, many are currently facing another decision – whether to have students as REB members or not. At Ryerson University, we are uniquely situated. Without a medical school in which an awareness of the research ethics review process might be grounded, our mainly social science and humanities REB must also educate and foster awareness of (...)
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  8.  0
    Richard A. Charter & Ralph A. Alexander (1993). A Note on Combining Correlations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (2):123-124.score: 580.0
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  9.  0
    Ralph A. Alexander (1990). A Note on Averaging Correlations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (4):335-336.score: 540.0
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  10.  1
    Lawrence A. Alexander (1985). International Ethics: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader. Princeton University Press.score: 540.0
  11.  86
    Lawrence A. Alexander (1976). Self-Defense and the Killing of Noncombatants: A Reply to Fullinwider. Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (4):408-415.score: 540.0
  12.  5
    Hanan A. Alexander (2006). Spirituality, Morality, and Criticism in Education: A Response to Kevin Gary. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 25 (4):327-334.score: 540.0
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  13. A. M. Torke, Mary Simmerling, M. Siegler, D. Kaya & G. C. Alexander (2008). Rethinking the Ethical Framework for Surrogate Decision Making: A Qualitative Study of Physicians (Vol 19, Pg 110, 2008). [REVIEW] Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):203-203.score: 540.0
     
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  14.  8
    Larry Alexander (2009). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.score: 420.0
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organized around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they ...
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  15.  6
    Larry Alexander (2013). Causing the Conditions of One's Defense: A Theoretical Non-Problem. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):623-628.score: 420.0
    My contribution to this symposium is short and negative: There are no theoretical problems that attach to one’s causing the conditions that permit him to claim a defense to some otherwise criminal act. If one assesses the culpability of an actor at each of the various times he acts in a course of conduct, then it is obvious that he can be nonculpable at T2 but culpable at T1, and that a nonculpable act at T2 has no bearing on whether (...)
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  16.  43
    Thomas M. Alexander (2011). Dewey: A Beginner's Guide. The Pluralist 6 (2):54-56.score: 420.0
    Simply put, this book is the best short introduction to John Dewey’s philosophy.1 It is lucidly written and is sensitively accurate in things both great and small. It is concise yet broadly informed. It is balanced without straining to say everything, focused without being compressed. It directs the reader to Dewey’s key writings and indicates reliable commentary. It concludes by indicating Dewey’s relevance for contemporary issues: medical ethics, environmentalism, feminism. Nevertheless, that the book appears in a series called “Beginner’s Guides” (...)
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  17.  36
    Thomas M. Alexander (2010). Eros and Spirit: Toward a Humanistic Philosophy of Culture. The Pluralist 5 (2):18-44.score: 420.0
    "Philosophy and Civilization" is one of Dewey's most important—and most neglected—essays. It is unsettling to anyone who wants to think of Dewey primarily as a "pragmatist." Dewey says the aim of philosophy should be to deal with the meaning of culture and not "inquiry" or "truth": "Meaning is wider in scope as well as more precious in value than is truth and philosophy is occupied with meaning rather than with truth" (LW 3:4).1 Truths are one kind of meaning, but they (...)
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  18.  6
    Victoria N. Alexander (2014). Introduction: Toward a Definition of Biosemiosic Chance. Biosemiotics 7 (3):329-334.score: 420.0
    In this special issue, our objective is to clarify what biosemioticians may mean insofar as they claim that living systems are capable of making choices or that biosemiotic interpretations are partially indeterminate. A number of different senses of the term “chance” are discussed as we move toward a consensus. We find that biosemiosic chance may arise out of conditions involving quantum indeterminacy, randomness, deterministic chaos, or unpredictability, but biosemiosic chance is mainly due to the fact that living entities invest their (...)
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  19. Catherine Alexander (2009). Privatization : Jokes, Scandal, and Absurdity in a Time of Rapid Change. In Karen Margaret Sykes (ed.), Ethnographies of Moral Reasoning: Living Paradoxes of a Global Age. Palgrave Macmillanscore: 420.0
     
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  20.  4
    Stephon H. S. Alexander & Gianluca Calcagni (2008). Quantum Gravity as a Fermi Liquid. Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1148-1184.score: 420.0
    We present a reformulation of loop quantum gravity with a cosmological constant and no matter as a Fermi-liquid theory. When the topological sector is deformed and large gauge symmetry is broken, we show that the Chern–Simons state reduces to Jacobson’s degenerate sector describing 1+1 dimensional propagating fermions with nonlocal interactions. The Hamiltonian admits a dual description which we realize in the simple BCS model of superconductivity. On one hand, Cooper pairs are interpreted as wormhole correlations at the de Sitter horizon; (...)
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  21.  64
    Larry Alexander (1987). Striking Back at the Empire: A Brief Survey of Problems in Dworkin's Theory of Law. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 6 (3):419 - 438.score: 420.0
    In Law's Empire Dworkin remains committed to carving out a middleground between natural law and legal positivism. But natural law andlegal positivism are best viewed as complementary answers to differ-ent questions, There is no middle ground between them. Nor is thequestion that Dworkin's Integrity asks one that could be coherentlyanswered i f it were an important question. Fortunately, it is not.
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  22.  29
    David J. Alexander (2012). Weak Inferential Internalism is Indistinguishable From Externalism – A Reply to Rhoda. Journal of Philosophical Research 37:387-394.score: 420.0
    In “Weak Inferential Internalism” I defended the frequently voiced criticism that any internalist account of inferential justification generates a vicious regress. My defense involved criticizing a recent form of internalism, “Weak Inferential Internalism” (WII) defended by Hookway and Rhoda. I argued that while WII does not generate a vicious regress, the position is only distinguishable from externalism insofar as it makes an arbitrary distinction between individuals who believe for the very same reason. Either way, WII is not a defensible internalist (...)
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  23. P. Abir-Am, J. Alexander, S. Altaian, W. Arnold, D. Amon, S. Arrhenius, W. T. Astbury, H. J. Bagg, O. Bail & D. Baltimore (1996). Claude, A. 73. In Sahotra Sarkar (ed.), The Philosophy and History of Molecular Biology: New Perspectives. Kluwer Academic 249.score: 360.0
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  24.  7
    Richard D. Alexander (1985). A Biological Interpretation of Moral Systems. Zygon 20 (1):3-20.score: 360.0
    . Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity, existing because of histories of conflicts of interest and arising as outcomes of the complexity of social interactions in groups of long‐lived individuals with varying conflicts and confluences of interest and indefinitely iterated social interactions. Although morality is commonly defined as involving justice for all people, or consistency in the social treatment of all humans, it may have arisen for immoral reasons, as a force leading to cohesiveness within human groups (...)
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  25.  1
    Zachary Alexander (2009). A Buffet of Deserts: An Examination of the Underlying Principles of Desert in Job. Kairos: Evangelical Journal of Theology 3 (1):23-34.score: 360.0
  26.  2
    Richard D. Alexander & Donald W. Tinkle (1968). A Comparative Review On Aggression Konrad Lorenz The Territorial Imperative Robert Ardrey. BioScience 18 (3):245-248.score: 360.0
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  27.  14
    Jeffrey Alexander (1989). Against Historicism/ for Theory: A Reply to Levine. Sociological Theory 7 (1):118-120.score: 360.0
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  28.  9
    Hubert G. Alexander (1969). A High School Essay Contest. Journal of Critical Analysis 1 (3):260-261.score: 360.0
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  29.  1
    Welsh Alexander (2003). A King Lear of the Debtors'prison: Dickens and Shakespeare on Mortal Shame. Social Research 70 (4).score: 360.0
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  30.  48
    Hartley Alexander (1920). A Lover of the Chair. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 17 (25):685-688.score: 360.0
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  31.  1
    Caroline Alexander (1991). A Note on the Stag: Odyssey 10.156–72. Classical Quarterly 41 (02):520-.score: 360.0
    On the morning of the third day on Circe's island of Aeaea, Odysseus takes sword and spear in hand and leaves his demoralized and exhausted crew to seek out some sign of habitation. Eventually, from the height of a rocky point, he spies smoke rising in the distance. After debating with himself whether or not to investigate immediately, he determines first to return to his ships, in order to see about his comrades' dinner . Returning to the beach, he encounters (...)
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  32.  0
    John K. Alexander (2011). An Outline of a Pragmatic Method for Deciding What To Do. Philosophical Practice: Journal of the American Philosophical Practitioners Association (American Philosophical Practitioners Association) 6 (2).score: 360.0
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  33.  3
    D. J. K. Alexander (1994). A Profitable Education? Business Ethics 8 (4):22-25.score: 360.0
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  34.  31
    Samuel Alexander (2012). A Purely Epistemological Version of Fitch's Paradox. The Reasoner 6 (4):59-60.score: 360.0
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  35.  55
    Samuel Alexander (2011). A Paradox Related to the Turing Test. The Reasoner 5 (6):90-90.score: 360.0
  36.  3
    Joshua Alexander (2012). Author Q & A. The Philosophers' Magazine 58:125-126.score: 360.0
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  37.  13
    H. G. Alexander (1963). A Suggestion Concerning Empirical Foundations of Imagination. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (3):427-431.score: 360.0
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  38.  0
    Archibald Browning Drysdale Alexander (1934). A Short History of Philosophy. Glasgow, Jackson, Wylie and Co..score: 360.0
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  39.  38
    H. G. Alexander (1954). Concerning a Postulate of Fitness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (3):309-318.score: 360.0
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  40.  5
    J. McKenzie Alexander, Marc Ebner & Richard Watson, Co-Evolutionary Dynamics on a Deformable Landscape.score: 360.0
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  41.  3
    Irving E. Alexander & Frederick J. Githler (1955). Chronic Effects of a High-Frequency Stimulus on the Structure and Function of the Cochlea. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (5):363.score: 360.0
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  42.  23
    Thomas Alexander (2008). Comments on James Good, a Search for Unity in Diversity. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (4):pp. 563-568.score: 360.0
    While Good’s book forces us to recognize the caricatures of Hegel and idealism that have dominated Anglo-American thought, Dewey’s relationship with idealism in general and Hegel in particular remains complex. Good proposes that the main reason for Dewey’s rejection of idealism was World War I. I find this implausible. Good downplays the central influence of James on Dewey, first with the Principles and then with his radical empiricism. By his move to Columbia in 1905 and in his article of that (...)
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  43.  1
    G. Caleb Alexander (2008). Commentary on" The Case of Mr. AB": Dilemmas for a Reason. Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (1):70.score: 360.0
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  44.  4
    J. C. Alexander & P. Smith (1999). Cultural Structures, Social Action, and the Discourses of American Civil Society: A Reply to Battani, Hall, and Powers. Theory and Society 28 (3):455-461.score: 360.0
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  45.  2
    Chanan Alexander (1981). Cultural Transmission and Economic Development: A Critique of Educational Positivism. Educational Theory 31 (3-4):351-358.score: 360.0
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  46.  4
    Michael C. Alexander (2011). Cicero the Novvs Homo (H.) Van der Blom Cicero's Role Models. The Political Strategy of a Newcomer. Pp. Xii + 388. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Cased, £80, US$150. ISBN: 978-0-19-958293-8. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 61 (02):454-456.score: 360.0
  47.  5
    John K. Alexander (2003). Dialogue as a Mens to Resolve Ethical Issues in Health Care. HEC Forum 15 (1):55-69.score: 360.0
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  48.  1
    Hartley B. Alexander (1930). Drama as a Cosmic Category. Philosophical Review 39 (2):105-126.score: 360.0
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  49.  1
    Thomas M. Alexander (2011). Discussion: David Hildebrand's Dewey: A Beginner's Guide Dewey: A Beginner's Guide Hildebrand David Oneworld , Oxford, Eng. The Pluralist 6 (2):54-56.score: 360.0
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  50.  59
    Thomas M. Alexander (2004). Dewey's Denotative-Empirical Method: A Thread Through the Labyrinth. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 18 (3):248-256.score: 360.0
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