Search results for 'Mustafa A. Alexander' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Amir Alexander, Aesha Mustafa, Sarah A. V. Emil, Ebenezer Amekah, Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu & Cheryl A. Moyer (2013). Social Support During Delivery in Rural Central Ghana: A Mixed Methods Study of Women's Preferences for and Against Inclusion of a Lay Companion in the Delivery Room. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-17.score: 3600.0
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  2. Fabrice Jotterand, Shawn M. McClintock, Archie A. Alexander & Mustafa M. Husain (2010). Ethics and Informed Consent of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD). Neuroethics 3 (1):13-22.score: 300.0
    Since the Nuremberg trials (1947–1949), informed consent has become central for ethical practice in patient care and biomedical research. Codes of ethics emanating from the Nuremberg Code (1947) recognize the importance of protecting patients and research subjects from abuses, manipulation and deception. Informed consent empowers individuals to autonomously and voluntarily accept or reject participation in either clinical treatment or research. In some cases, however, the underlying mental or physical condition of the individual may alter his or her cognitive abilities and (...)
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  3. Hanan A. Alexander (2006). A View From Somewhere: Explaining the Paradigms of Educational Research. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):205–221.score: 240.0
    In this paper I ask how educational researchers can believe the subjective perceptions of qualitative participant-observers given the concern for objectivity and generalisability of experimental research in the behavioural and social sciences. I critique the most common answer to this question within the educational research community, which posits the existence of two (or more) equally legitimate epistemological paradigms—positivism and constructivism—and offer an alternative that places a priority in educational research on understanding the purposes and meanings humans attribute to educational practices. (...)
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  4. Samuel A. Alexander (2014). A Machine That Knows Its Own Code. Studia Logica 102 (3):567-576.score: 240.0
    We construct a machine that knows its own code, at the price of not knowing its own factivity.
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  5. Larry Alexander & Kimberly Kessler Ferzan (2012). Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):281-287.score: 240.0
    Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-7 DOI 10.1007/s11572-012-9143-3 Authors Larry Alexander, San Diego, CA, USA Kimberly Kessler Ferzan, Camden, NJ, USA Journal Criminal Law and Philosophy Online ISSN 1871-9805 Print ISSN 1871-9791.
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  6. J. McKenzie Alexander (forthcoming). Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axt044.score: 240.0
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  7. A. Walton Nancy, G. Karabanow Alexander & Jehangir Saleh (2008). Students as Members of University-Based Academic Research Ethics Boards: A Natural Evolution. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2).score: 240.0
    University based academic Research Ethics Boards (REB) face the particularly difficult challenge of trying to achieve representation from a variety of disciplines, methodologies and research interests. Additionally, many are currently facing another decision – whether to have students as REB members or not. At Ryerson University, we are uniquely situated. Without a medical school in which an awareness of the research ethics review process might be grounded, our mainly social science and humanities REB must also educate and foster awareness of (...)
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  8. Richard A. Charter & Ralph A. Alexander (1993). A Note on Combining Correlations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (2):123-124.score: 230.0
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  9. Lawrence A. Alexander (1976). Self-Defense and the Killing of Noncombatants: A Reply to Fullinwider. Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (4):408-415.score: 210.0
  10. Hanan A. Alexander (2006). Spirituality, Morality, and Criticism in Education: A Response to Kevin Gary. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 25 (4):327-334.score: 210.0
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  11. Ralph A. Alexander (1990). A Note on Averaging Correlations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (4):335-336.score: 210.0
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  12. Lawrence A. Alexander (1985). International Ethics: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader. Princeton University Press.score: 210.0
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  13. A. M. Torke, Mary Simmerling, M. Siegler, D. Kaya & G. C. Alexander (2008). Rethinking the Ethical Framework for Surrogate Decision Making: A Qualitative Study of Physicians (Vol 19, Pg 110, 2008). [REVIEW] Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):203-203.score: 210.0
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  14. S. Dong, J. Yang, Y. Yang & A. Alexander (1995). The Imperialist Space of Elizabethan Mathematics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (4):559-591.score: 180.0
    The structural and magnetic properties of Y(Fe1-xMnx)12 compounds and their nitrides (x = 0.2 and 0.4) have been studied by using X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements. It is found that the lattice parameters increase, while the saturation magnetization and Curie temperature decrease with Mn content increment in Y(Fe1-xMnx12 compounds. Y(Fe0.8Mn0.2)12 compound shows a weak easy-c axis magnetization direction, but Y(Fe0.6Mn0.4)12 compound is in a paramagnetic state at room temperature. Upon nitrogenation, the lattice parameters, Curie temperature are notably increased and the (...)
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  15. Carol A. Wilson, James F. Alexander & Charles W. Turner (1996). Family Therapy Process and Outcome Research: Relationship to Treatment Ethics. Ethics and Behavior 6 (4):345 – 352.score: 170.0
    We know from the research literature that psychotherapy is effective, but we also know that hundreds of diverse therapies are being practiced that have not been subjected to scientific scrutiny; thus, in some circumstances iatrogenic effects do occur. Therefore, it is crucial that we recognize and implement therapeutic interventions that are evidence based rather than succumb to ethical dilemma, frustration, and complacency. Recommendations for family therapists are discussed, including the need to (a) keep abreast of research findings, (b) translate research (...)
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  16. M. A. Ott, A. B. Alexander, M. Lally, J. B. Steever & G. D. Zimet (2013). Preventive Misconception and Adolescents' Knowledge About HIV Vaccine Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):765-771.score: 170.0
    Objective Adolescents have had very limited access to research on biomedical prevention interventions despite high rates of HIV acquisition. One concern is that adolescents are a vulnerable population, and trials carry a possibility of harm, requiring investigators to take additional precautions. Of particular concern is preventive misconception, or the overestimation of personal protection that is afforded by enrolment in a prevention intervention trial. Methods As part of a larger study of preventive misconception in adolescent HIV vaccine trials, we interviewed 33 (...)
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  17. Peter Alexander (1985). Ideas, Qualities, and Corpuscles: Locke and Boyle on the External World. Cambridge University Press.score: 150.0
    This study presents a substantial and often radical reinterpretation of some of the central themes of Locke's thought. Professor Alexander concentrates on the Essay Concerning Human Understanding and aims to restore that to its proper historical context. In Part I he gives a clear exposition of some of the scientific theories of Robert Boyle, which, he argues, heavily influenced Locke in employing similar concepts and terminology. Against this background, he goes on in Part II to provide an account of (...)
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  18. Larry A. Alexander (1985). Fair Equality of Opportunity. Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.score: 150.0
    Although discussions of John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice generally refer to Rawls’ two principles of justice, and although Rawls himself labels his principles “the two principles of justice”, Rawls actually sets forth three distinct principles in the following lexical order: the liberty principle, the fair equality of opportunity principle, and the difference principle. Rawls argues at some length for the priority of the liberty principle over the other two. On the other hand, Rawls offers hardly any argument at all (...)
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  19. Larry Alexander (1987). Striking Back at the Empire: A Brief Survey of Problems in Dworkin's Theory of Law. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 6 (3):419 - 438.score: 150.0
    In Law's Empire Dworkin remains committed to carving out a middleground between natural law and legal positivism. But natural law andlegal positivism are best viewed as complementary answers to differ-ent questions, There is no middle ground between them. Nor is thequestion that Dworkin's Integrity asks one that could be coherentlyanswered i f it were an important question. Fortunately, it is not.
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  20. Thomas M. Alexander (2010). Eros and Spirit: Toward a Humanistic Philosophy of Culture. The Pluralist 5 (2):18-44.score: 150.0
    "Philosophy and Civilization" is one of Dewey's most important—and most neglected—essays. It is unsettling to anyone who wants to think of Dewey primarily as a "pragmatist." Dewey says the aim of philosophy should be to deal with the meaning of culture and not "inquiry" or "truth": "Meaning is wider in scope as well as more precious in value than is truth and philosophy is occupied with meaning rather than with truth" (LW 3:4).1 Truths are one kind of meaning, but they (...)
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  21. David J. Alexander (2012). Weak Inferential Internalism is Indistinguishable From Externalism – A Reply to Rhoda. Journal of Philosophical Research 37:387-394.score: 150.0
    In “Weak Inferential Internalism” I defended the frequently voiced criticism that any internalist account of inferential justification generates a vicious regress. My defense involved criticizing a recent form of internalism, “Weak Inferential Internalism” (WII) defended by Hookway and Rhoda. I argued that while WII does not generate a vicious regress, the position is only distinguishable from externalism insofar as it makes an arbitrary distinction between individuals who believe for the very same reason. Either way, WII is not a defensible internalist (...)
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  22. Thomas M. Alexander (2011). Dewey: A Beginner's Guide. The Pluralist 6 (2):54-56.score: 150.0
    Simply put, this book is the best short introduction to John Dewey’s philosophy.1 It is lucidly written and is sensitively accurate in things both great and small. It is concise yet broadly informed. It is balanced without straining to say everything, focused without being compressed. It directs the reader to Dewey’s key writings and indicates reliable commentary. It concludes by indicating Dewey’s relevance for contemporary issues: medical ethics, environmentalism, feminism. Nevertheless, that the book appears in a series called “Beginner’s Guides” (...)
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  23. Hanan A. Alexander (2005). Education in Ideology. Journal of Moral Education 34 (1):1-18.score: 150.0
    There is a thought that stops all thought. That is the thought that ought to be stopped. (Chesterton, 1952, p.?58) In this paper I distinguish between two sorts of ideologies, moral (or ethical) ideologies that embrace the conceptual condition of human agency: free will, moral intelligence, and fallibility; and amoral (or non?ethical) ideologies that do not. Initiation into the former, which are suited to open societies, is best accomplished through education, whereas transmission of the latter, which are preferred in closed (...)
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  24. Horace Gundry Alexander (1927). Justice Among Nations. Published by Leonard and Virginia Woolf at the Hogarth Press.score: 150.0
    FIRST MERTTENS LECTURE ON WAR AND PEACE JUSTICE AMONG NATIONS BY HORACE G. ALEXANDER, M. A. LECTURER ON INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS AT WOODBROOKE, SBLLY OAK, ...
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  25. A. Alexander (1998). Lunar Maps and Coastal Outlines: Thomas Hariot's Mapping of the Moon. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (3):345-368.score: 150.0
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  26. Roderick M. Chisholm, H. G. Alexander, Lewis Hahn, Paul C. Hayner & Charles W. Hendel (1958). Graduate Education in Philosophy. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 32:145 - 156.score: 150.0
    The following statement is a report of the Committee on Philosophy in Education of the American Philosophical Association and was approved by the Association's Board of Officers in September, 1959. The Committee was composed of the following: C. W. Hendel, Chairman, H. G. Alexander, R. M. Chisholm, Max Fisch, Lucius Garvin, Douglas Morgan, A. E. Murphy, Charner Perry, and R. G. Turnbull. Primary responsibility for the preparation of this report belonged to a subcommittee composed of Roderick M. Chisholm, Chairman, (...)
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  27. Larry Alexander (2009). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.score: 150.0
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organized around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they ...
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  28. Stephon H. S. Alexander & Gianluca Calcagni (2008). Quantum Gravity as a Fermi Liquid. Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1148-1184.score: 150.0
    We present a reformulation of loop quantum gravity with a cosmological constant and no matter as a Fermi-liquid theory. When the topological sector is deformed and large gauge symmetry is broken, we show that the Chern–Simons state reduces to Jacobson’s degenerate sector describing 1+1 dimensional propagating fermions with nonlocal interactions. The Hamiltonian admits a dual description which we realize in the simple BCS model of superconductivity. On one hand, Cooper pairs are interpreted as wormhole correlations at the de Sitter horizon; (...)
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  29. Larry Alexander (2013). Causing the Conditions of One's Defense: A Theoretical Non-Problem. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):623-628.score: 150.0
    My contribution to this symposium is short and negative: There are no theoretical problems that attach to one’s causing the conditions that permit him to claim a defense to some otherwise criminal act. If one assesses the culpability of an actor at each of the various times he acts in a course of conduct, then it is obvious that he can be nonculpable at T2 but culpable at T1, and that a nonculpable act at T2 has no bearing on whether (...)
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  30. H. A. Alexander (2000). Education in the Jewish State. Studies in Philosophy and Education 19 (5/6):491-507.score: 150.0
    This essay argues that schooling in Israel is tied too closely to ideology. This results in an indoctrinary orientation that contributes to divisiveness and imperils Israeli democracy. After reviewing and critiquing the roots of this orientation, I advance an alternative that understands education as an agent of the good rather than ideology. Israeli schooling requires a vision of goodness broad enough to encompass competing conceptions of Jewish life espoused by the majority as well as non-Jewish orientations affirmed by various minorities. (...)
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  31. M. Jacqui Alexander & Chandra Talpade Mohanty (eds.) (1996). Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures. Routledge.score: 150.0
    Feminist Geneaologies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures provides a feminist anaylsis of the questions of sexual and gender politics, economic and cultural marginality, and anti-racist and anti-colonial practices both in the "West" and in the "Third World." This collection, edited by Jacqui Alexander and Chandra Talpade Mohanty, charts the underlying theoretical perspectives and organization practices of the different varieties of feminism that take on questions of colonialism, imperialism, and the repressive rule of colonial, post-colonial and advanced capitalist nation-states. It provides (...)
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  32. Catherine Alexander (2009). Privatization : Jokes, Scandal, and Absurdity in a Time of Rapid Change. In Karen Margaret Sykes (ed.), Ethnographies of Moral Reasoning: Living Paradoxes of a Global Age. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 150.0
     
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  33. A. Metraux & S. Alexander (1961). The Inca Empire: Despotism or Socialism. Diogenes 9 (35):78-98.score: 140.0
  34. Jeffrey A. Barrett & J. McKenzie Alexander (2002). PSA 2000 Symposium Paper Volume Introduction. Philosophy of Science 69 (S3).score: 140.0
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  35. A. Gerard & S. Alexander (1962). Humanism and Negritude: Notes on the Contemporary Afro-American Novel. Diogenes 10 (37):115-133.score: 140.0
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  36. Julie A. Frearson & Denis R. Alexander (1997). The Role of Phosphotyrosine Phosphatases in Haematopoietic Cell Signal Transduction. Bioessays 19 (5):417-427.score: 140.0
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  37. Kenneth A. Richman & Leslie B. Alexander (2006). Ethics and Research with Undergraduates. Ethics and Education 1 (2):163-175.score: 140.0
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  38. Jane Griffiths, Sarah Gordon, Fabian Alfie, Joseph Grossi, Z. J. Kosztolnyik, John R. C. Martyn, Donald Cooper, Wendy Pfeffer, Daniel Gustav Anderson, Jane Gilbert, Miri Rubin, Paul Warde, Jan M. Ziolkowski, James A. Schultz & John Alexander (2004). Medievalia Et Humanistica No. 30: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Culture. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 140.0
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  39. Larry A. Hickman & Thomas M. Alexander (eds.) (1998). The Essential Dewey, Volume 1: Pragmatism, Education, Democracy. Indiana University Press.score: 140.0
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  40. Larry A. Hickman & Thomas M. Alexander (eds.) (2009). The Essential Dewey, Volume 2: Ethics, Logic, Psychology. Indiana University Press.score: 140.0
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  41. Larry A. Alexander (1987). Causation and Corrective Justice: Does Tort Law Make Sense? [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 6 (1):1 - 23.score: 120.0
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  42. Samuel Alexander (2011). A Paradox Related to the Turing Test. The Reasoner 5 (6):90-90.score: 120.0
  43. Larry A. Alexander (1987). Scheffler on the Independence of Agent-Centered Preogatives From Agent-Centered Restrictions. Journal of Philosophy 84 (5):277-283.score: 120.0
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  44. Larry Alexander (2005). Lesser Evils: A Closer Look at the Paradigmatic Justification. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 24 (6):611-643.score: 120.0
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  45. Samuel Alexander (2012). A Purely Epistemological Version of Fitch's Paradox. The Reasoner 6 (4):59-60.score: 120.0
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  46. Lawrence A. Alexander (1983). Zimmerman on Coercive Wage Offers. Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (2):160-164.score: 120.0
  47. Thomas Alexander (2008). Comments on James Good, a Search for Unity in Diversity. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (4):pp. 563-568.score: 120.0
    While Good’s book forces us to recognize the caricatures of Hegel and idealism that have dominated Anglo-American thought, Dewey’s relationship with idealism in general and Hegel in particular remains complex. Good proposes that the main reason for Dewey’s rejection of idealism was World War I. I find this implausible. Good downplays the central influence of James on Dewey, first with the Principles and then with his radical empiricism. By his move to Columbia in 1905 and in his article of that (...)
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  48. Peter Alexander, A. J. Ayer, P. F. Strawson, G. P. Henderson, John M. Hems, Roy Harris, Anthony Kenny, Ninian Smart, K. C. Barclay, Mary Hesse & A. C. Lloyd (1966). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 75 (182):442-461.score: 120.0
  49. Hanan A. Alexander (2003). Aesthetic Inquiry in Education: Community, Transcendence, and the Meaning of Pedagogy. Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (2):1-18.score: 120.0
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  50. E. H. Hollands, R. W. Sellars, A. W. Moore, B. H. Bode, E. S. Ames, G. D. Walcott, Edwin D. Starbuck, J. M. Mecklin, H. B. Alexander, V. T. Thayer, R. C. Lodge, Ellsworth Faris & Edward L. Schaub (1917). The Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Western Philosophical Association. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (15):403-414.score: 120.0
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