Search results for 'Mustafa A. Alexander' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  2
    Amir Alexander, Aesha Mustafa, Sarah A. V. Emil, Ebenezer Amekah, Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu & Cheryl A. Moyer (2013). Social Support During Delivery in Rural Central Ghana: A Mixed Methods Study of Women's Preferences for and Against Inclusion of a Lay Companion in the Delivery Room. Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (5):1-17.
  2. Thomas Alexander (1977). Vital Symbolism:Harley Burr Alexander's Basis For A Naturalistic Logic. Southwest Philosophical Studies.
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  3.  20
    Fabrice Jotterand, Shawn M. McClintock, Archie A. Alexander & Mustafa M. Husain (2010). Ethics and Informed Consent of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD). Neuroethics 3 (1):13-22.
    Since the Nuremberg trials (1947–1949), informed consent has become central for ethical practice in patient care and biomedical research. Codes of ethics emanating from the Nuremberg Code (1947) recognize the importance of protecting patients and research subjects from abuses, manipulation and deception. Informed consent empowers individuals to autonomously and voluntarily accept or reject participation in either clinical treatment or research. In some cases, however, the underlying mental or physical condition of the individual may alter his or her cognitive abilities and (...)
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  4. Hanan A. Alexander (2006). A View From Somewhere: Explaining the Paradigms of Educational Research. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):205–221.
    In this paper I ask how educational researchers can believe the subjective perceptions of qualitative participant-observers given the concern for objectivity and generalisability of experimental research in the behavioural and social sciences. I critique the most common answer to this question within the educational research community, which posits the existence of two (or more) equally legitimate epistemological paradigms—positivism and constructivism—and offer an alternative that places a priority in educational research on understanding the purposes and meanings humans attribute to educational practices. (...)
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  5. Samuel A. Alexander (2014). A Machine That Knows Its Own Code. Studia Logica 102 (3):567-576.
    We construct a machine that knows its own code, at the price of not knowing its own factivity.
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  6.  12
    J. McKenzie Alexander (2014). Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  7. Larry Alexander (2008). Is There a Right of Freedom of Expression? Law and Philosophy 27 (1):97-104.
    In this provocative book, Alexander offers a sceptical appraisal of the claim that freedom of expression is a human right. He examines the various contexts in which a right to freedom of expression might be asserted and concludes that such a right cannot be supported in any of these contexts. He argues that some legal protection of freedom of expression is surely valuable, though the form such protection will take will vary with historical and cultural circumstances and is not (...)
     
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  8.  17
    Larry Alexander & Kimberly Kessler Ferzan (2012). Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (2):281-287.
    Iconoclasts? Who, Us? A Reply to Dolinko Content Type Journal Article Category Original Paper Pages 1-7 DOI 10.1007/s11572-012-9143-3 Authors Larry Alexander, San Diego, CA, USA Kimberly Kessler Ferzan, Camden, NJ, USA Journal Criminal Law and Philosophy Online ISSN 1871-9805 Print ISSN 1871-9791.
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  9.  10
    A. Walton Nancy, G. Karabanow Alexander & Jehangir Saleh (2008). Students as Members of University-Based Academic Research Ethics Boards: A Natural Evolution. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2).
    University based academic Research Ethics Boards (REB) face the particularly difficult challenge of trying to achieve representation from a variety of disciplines, methodologies and research interests. Additionally, many are currently facing another decision – whether to have students as REB members or not. At Ryerson University, we are uniquely situated. Without a medical school in which an awareness of the research ethics review process might be grounded, our mainly social science and humanities REB must also educate and foster awareness of (...)
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  10. Larry Alexander, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Stephen J. Morse (2012). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organised around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they deserve. Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan argue that desert is a function of the actor's culpability, and that culpability is a function of the risks of harm to protected interests that the actor believes he is imposing and his reasons for acting in (...)
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  11. Larry Alexander, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Stephen J. Morse (2009). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organised around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they deserve. Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan argue that desert is a function of the actor's culpability, and that culpability is a function of the risks of harm to protected interests that the actor believes he is imposing and his reasons for acting in (...)
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  12. Larry Alexander (2010). Is There a Right of Freedom of Expression? Cambridge University Press.
    In this provocative book, Alexander offers a sceptical appraisal of the claim that freedom of expression is a human right. He examines the various contexts in which a right to freedom of expression might be asserted and concludes that such a right cannot be supported in any of these contexts. He argues that some legal protection of freedom of expression is surely valuable, though the form such protection will take will vary with historical and cultural circumstances and is not (...)
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  13. Larry Alexander (2005). Is There a Right of Freedom of Expression? Cambridge University Press.
    In this provocative book, Alexander offers a sceptical appraisal of the claim that freedom of expression is a human right. He examines the various contexts in which a right to freedom of expression might be asserted and concludes that such a right cannot be supported in any of these contexts. He argues that some legal protection of freedom of expression is surely valuable, though the form such protection will take will vary with historical and cultural circumstances and is not (...)
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  14. John Dewey & Thomas M. Alexander (2013). A Common Faith: Second Edition. Yale University Press.
    In _A Common Faith,_ eminent American philosopher John Dewey calls for the “emancipation of the true religious quality” from the heritage of dogmatism and supernaturalism that he believes characterizes historical religions. He describes how the depth of religious experience and the creative role of faith in the resources of experience to generate meaning and value can be cultivated without making cognitive claims that compete with or contend with scientific ones. In a new introduction, Dewey scholar Thomas M. Alexander contextualizes (...)
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  15.  6
    Richard A. Charter & Ralph A. Alexander (1993). A Note on Combining Correlations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (2):123-124.
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  16.  96
    Lawrence A. Alexander (1976). Self-Defense and the Killing of Noncombatants: A Reply to Fullinwider. Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (4):408-415.
  17.  1
    Lawrence A. Alexander (1985). International Ethics: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader. Princeton University Press.
  18.  7
    Hanan A. Alexander (2006). Spirituality, Morality, and Criticism in Education: A Response to Kevin Gary. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 25 (4):327-334.
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  19.  2
    Ralph A. Alexander (1990). A Note on Averaging Correlations. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (4):335-336.
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  20. A. Alexander, A. Andrew, Kallio Sakari & Revonsuo Antti (2007). Hypnosis Induces a Changed Composition of Brain Oscillations in EEG: A Case Study. Contemporary Hypnosis 24 (1):3-18.
     
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  21. A. M. Torke, Mary Simmerling, M. Siegler, D. Kaya & G. C. Alexander (2008). Rethinking the Ethical Framework for Surrogate Decision Making: A Qualitative Study of Physicians (Vol 19, Pg 110, 2008). [REVIEW] Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (3):203-203.
     
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  22.  14
    Larry Alexander (2009). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organized around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they ...
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  23.  14
    Richard D. Alexander (1985). A Biological Interpretation of Moral Systems. Zygon 20 (1):3-20.
    . Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity, existing because of histories of conflicts of interest and arising as outcomes of the complexity of social interactions in groups of long‐lived individuals with varying conflicts and confluences of interest and indefinitely iterated social interactions. Although morality is commonly defined as involving justice for all people, or consistency in the social treatment of all humans, it may have arisen for immoral reasons, as a force leading to cohesiveness within human groups (...)
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  24.  3
    James Alexander (2016). A Systematic Theory of Tradition. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (1):1-28.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 1 - 28 We still lack a systematic or complete theory of tradition. By referring to the works of many major figures of the last century – Arendt, Boyer, Eisenstadt, Eliot, Gadamer, Goody, Hobsbawm, Kermode, Leavis, MacIntyre, Oakeshott, Pieper, Pocock, Popper, Prickett, Shils and others – I show that a theory of tradition must include insights taken not only from the study of sociology and anthropology, but also from the study of literature and (...)
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  25.  78
    Larry Alexander (1987). Striking Back at the Empire: A Brief Survey of Problems in Dworkin's Theory of Law. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 6 (3):419 - 438.
    In Law's Empire Dworkin remains committed to carving out a middleground between natural law and legal positivism. But natural law andlegal positivism are best viewed as complementary answers to differ-ent questions, There is no middle ground between them. Nor is thequestion that Dworkin's Integrity asks one that could be coherentlyanswered i f it were an important question. Fortunately, it is not.
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  26.  48
    Thomas M. Alexander (2011). Dewey: A Beginner's Guide. The Pluralist 6 (2):54-56.
    Simply put, this book is the best short introduction to John Dewey’s philosophy.1 It is lucidly written and is sensitively accurate in things both great and small. It is concise yet broadly informed. It is balanced without straining to say everything, focused without being compressed. It directs the reader to Dewey’s key writings and indicates reliable commentary. It concludes by indicating Dewey’s relevance for contemporary issues: medical ethics, environmentalism, feminism. Nevertheless, that the book appears in a series called “Beginner’s Guides” (...)
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  27.  50
    Thomas M. Alexander (2010). Eros and Spirit: Toward a Humanistic Philosophy of Culture. The Pluralist 5 (2):18-44.
    "Philosophy and Civilization" is one of Dewey's most important—and most neglected—essays. It is unsettling to anyone who wants to think of Dewey primarily as a "pragmatist." Dewey says the aim of philosophy should be to deal with the meaning of culture and not "inquiry" or "truth": "Meaning is wider in scope as well as more precious in value than is truth and philosophy is occupied with meaning rather than with truth" (LW 3:4).1 Truths are one kind of meaning, but they (...)
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  28.  38
    David J. Alexander (2012). Weak Inferential Internalism is Indistinguishable From Externalism – A Reply to Rhoda. Journal of Philosophical Research 37:387-394.
    In “Weak Inferential Internalism” I defended the frequently voiced criticism that any internalist account of inferential justification generates a vicious regress. My defense involved criticizing a recent form of internalism, “Weak Inferential Internalism” (WII) defended by Hookway and Rhoda. I argued that while WII does not generate a vicious regress, the position is only distinguishable from externalism insofar as it makes an arbitrary distinction between individuals who believe for the very same reason. Either way, WII is not a defensible internalist (...)
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  29.  6
    David E. Alexander (2010). Problems for Moral/Natural Supervenience: DAVID E. ALEXANDER. Religious Studies 47 (1):73-84.
    ???Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features??? , 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, showing, among (...)
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  30.  9
    Victoria N. Alexander (2014). Introduction: Toward a Definition of Biosemiosic Chance. Biosemiotics 7 (3):329-334.
    In this special issue, our objective is to clarify what biosemioticians may mean insofar as they claim that living systems are capable of making choices or that biosemiotic interpretations are partially indeterminate. A number of different senses of the term “chance” are discussed as we move toward a consensus. We find that biosemiosic chance may arise out of conditions involving quantum indeterminacy, randomness, deterministic chaos, or unpredictability, but biosemiosic chance is mainly due to the fact that living entities invest their (...)
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  31.  8
    Larry Alexander (2013). Causing the Conditions of One's Defense: A Theoretical Non-Problem. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):623-628.
    My contribution to this symposium is short and negative: There are no theoretical problems that attach to one’s causing the conditions that permit him to claim a defense to some otherwise criminal act. If one assesses the culpability of an actor at each of the various times he acts in a course of conduct, then it is obvious that he can be nonculpable at T2 but culpable at T1, and that a nonculpable act at T2 has no bearing on whether (...)
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  32.  4
    Stephon H. S. Alexander & Gianluca Calcagni (2008). Quantum Gravity as a Fermi Liquid. Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1148-1184.
    We present a reformulation of loop quantum gravity with a cosmological constant and no matter as a Fermi-liquid theory. When the topological sector is deformed and large gauge symmetry is broken, we show that the Chern–Simons state reduces to Jacobson’s degenerate sector describing 1+1 dimensional propagating fermions with nonlocal interactions. The Hamiltonian admits a dual description which we realize in the simple BCS model of superconductivity. On one hand, Cooper pairs are interpreted as wormhole correlations at the de Sitter horizon; (...)
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  33.  1
    J. C. Alexander (2005). Why Cultural Sociology Is Not 'Idealist': A Reply to McLennan. Theory, Culture and Society 22 (6):19-29.
    I make use of this reply to McLennan to offer an overall perspective on the development of my work, normatively, empirically and theoretically, and in its earlier neofunctionalist and later cultural-sociological phase. I argue that, despite periodic suggestions that my cultural sociology seeks to push sociology towards an absolute subjectivity, the social-epistemological framework of ‘multidimensionality’ around which I organized my first work, Theoretical Logic in Sociology, still holds. Cultural sociology introduces a method and theory for understanding a dimension of social (...)
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  34.  1
    Caroline Alexander (1991). A Note on the Stag: Odyssey 10.156–72. Classical Quarterly 41 (02):520-.
    On the morning of the third day on Circe's island of Aeaea, Odysseus takes sword and spear in hand and leaves his demoralized and exhausted crew to seek out some sign of habitation. Eventually, from the height of a rocky point, he spies smoke rising in the distance. After debating with himself whether or not to investigate immediately, he determines first to return to his ships, in order to see about his comrades' dinner . Returning to the beach, he encounters (...)
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  35. Thomas Alexander (1995). A Conspiracy Of Optimism: Management Of The National Forests Since World War Two By Paul W. Hirt. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:690-691.
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  36. Titus Alexander & John Potter (2004). Education for a Change: Transforming the Way We Teach Our Children. Routledge.
    This challenging, hard-hitting book is about making schooling relevant to modern society. It starts from the premise that our present education system is ill equipped to serve students and society in the twenty-first century. In a series of positive yet powerful and provocative chapters, the authors look at critical issues shaping schools today, with a view to: * set out the critical issues behind the headlines * show evidence from research and examples of good practice * stimulate public debate and (...)
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  37. Catherine Alexander (2009). Privatization : Jokes, Scandal, and Absurdity in a Time of Rapid Change. In Karen Margaret Sykes (ed.), Ethnographies of Moral Reasoning: Living Paradoxes of a Global Age. Palgrave Macmillan
     
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  38. Michael Van Cleave Alexander (1990). The Growth of English Education, 1348-1648: A Social and Cultural History. Penn State University Press.
    This book demonstrates that the important educational developments of the Elizabethan and early Stuart periods, which are often portrayed as new and revolutionary in nature, were in fact the culmination of an evolutionary process more than two centuries old. It also shows that popular literacy was considerably more widespread by the time of Spenser and Shakespeare than most recent studies suggest. The book treats the long period 1348–1648 as a unit by discounting the importance of the year 1485, which marked (...)
     
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  39. Alexander Alexander (1951). Vegetarian Surrender, A. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 45:100.
     
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  40. H. Deschamps & S. Alexander (1962). Toward a History of Africa. Diogenes 10 (37):105-114.
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  41. Hartley Alexander (1920). A Lover of the Chair. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 17 (25):685-688.
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  42.  98
    S. Morawski & S. Alexander (1961). Vicissitudes in the Theory of Socialist Realism: A Little Lesson in History Not to Be Ignored. Diogenes 9 (36):110-136.
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  43.  39
    Jeffrey C. Alexander & Philip Smith (1993). The Discourse of American Civil Society: A New Proposal for Cultural Studies. Theory and Society 22 (2):151-207.
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  44.  92
    E. Cary & S. Alexander (1962). Prolegomena for the Establishment of a General Theory of Translation. Diogenes 10 (40):96-121.
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  45. Hartley B. Alexander (1918). Metaphysics as a Fine Art. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (18):477-481.
  46. H. G. Alexander (1954). Concerning a Postulate of Fitness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (3):309-318.
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  47. Thomas M. Alexander (2004). Dewey's Denotative-Empirical Method: A Thread Through the Labyrinth. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 18 (3):248-256.
  48.  56
    M. Delcourt & S. Alexander (1961). Social Significance of a Religious Rite. Diogenes 9 (36):76-86.
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  49. D. Holzman & S. Alexander (1961). A Chinese Conception of the Hero. Diogenes 9 (36):33-51.
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  50.  43
    Samuel Alexander (2012). A Purely Epistemological Version of Fitch's Paradox. The Reasoner 6 (4):59-60.
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