Search results for 'Mylène Baum' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mylène Baum (1989). Visage Versus Visages. Philosophy and Theology 4 (2):187-205.score: 120.0
    I aim here to confront texts of Levinas and Sartre in an attempt to rethink the relation of the poIitical to the ethical in the early eighties in France. The method is essentially to try to think a passage from one domain into the other without privileging poIitics over ethics or vice versa while uncovering their organic and dialectical interaction, a subject that an only be touched upon via the bridging metaphor of a Visage that can liberate oneself from the (...)
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  2. Manfred Baum (2005). Manfred Baum. Cogito 41:31.score: 120.0
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  3. Eric B. Baum (2004). What Is Thought? Cambridge MA: Bradford Book/MIT Press.score: 60.0
    In What Is Thought? Eric Baum proposes a computational explanation of thought.
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  4. Robert Baum (1975). Logic. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.score: 60.0
    For more than twenty years, introductory logic students have relied on this text to provide clear lessons as well as practical applications of the discipline. Robert Baum emphasizes formal logic and utilizes such elements of popular culture as cartoons and advertisements to illustrate technical concepts. Logic, 4/e addresses all the basic concepts, including informal analysis of statements, arguments, Aristotelian logic, propositional logic, quantificational logic, enumerative induction, the scientific method, probability, informal fallacies, definitions, and applied logic. As with previous editions, (...)
     
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  5. Robert Baum (1995). Logic: Study Guide. OUP USA.score: 60.0
    For more than twenty years, introductory logic students have relied on this text to provide clear lessons as well as practical applications of the discipline. Robert Baum emphasizes formal logic and utilizes such elements of popular culture as cartoons and advertisements to illustrate technical concepts. Logic, 4/e addresses all the basic concepts, including informal analysis of statements, arguments, Aristotelian logic, propositional logic, quantificational logic, enumerative induction, the scientific method, probability, informal fallacies, definitions, and applied logic. As with previous editions, (...)
     
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  6. Bruce Baum (1997). Feminism, Liberalism and Cultural Pluralism: J. S. Mill on Mormon Polygyny. Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (3):230–253.score: 30.0
  7. Erich Schienke, Seth Baum, Nancy Tuana, Kenneth Davis & Klaus Keller (2011). Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):503-523.score: 30.0
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  8. Matthew L. Baum (2013). The Monoamine Oxidase A (MAOA) Genetic Predisposition to Impulsive Violence: Is It Relevant to Criminal Trials? Neuroethics 6 (2):287-306.score: 30.0
    In Italy, a judge reduced the sentence of a defendant by 1 year in response to evidence for a genetic predisposition to violence. The best characterized of these genetic differences, those in the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), were cited as especially relevant. Several months previously in the USA, MAOA data contributed to a jury reducing charges from 1st degree murder (a capital offence) to voluntary manslaughter. Is there a rational basis for this type of use of MAOA evidence in criminal (...)
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  9. Seth Baum, Jacob Haqq-Misra & Chris Karmosky (2012). Climate Change: Evidence of Human Causes and Arguments for Emissions Reduction. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):393-410.score: 30.0
    In a recent editorial, Raymond Spier expresses skepticism over claims that climate change is driven by human actions and that humanity should act to avoid climate change. This paper responds to this skepticism as part of a broader review of the science and ethics of climate change. While much remains uncertain about the climate, research indicates that observed temperature increases are human-driven. Although opinions vary regarding what should be done, prominent arguments against action are based on dubious factual and ethical (...)
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  10. Manfred Baum (2007). Freedom in Marx. Radical Philosophy Review 10 (2):117-131.score: 30.0
    Through a structural analysis of the concept of labor in the Paris Manuscripts and the Grundrisse, and in response to critics of Marx such as Hannah Arendt and Alfred Schmidt, the author argues that freedom in Marx is not simply freedom from labor or free time. In accordance with the essence of the human being as a working organism, the goal of the socialist revolution is also free labor. Finally, the transformation of the human being brought about by the development (...)
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  11. Manfred Baum (1987). The B-Deduction and the Refutation of Idealism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (S1):89-107.score: 30.0
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  12. William M. Baum (1998). Why Not Ask “Does the Chimpanzee Have a Soul?”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):116-116.score: 30.0
    The question, “Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?” is logically identical to the question, “Does the chimpanzee have a soul?” It is a peculiarity of our culture that we talk about anyone having a mind, and such talk is unhelpful for a science of behavior. The label “killjoy hypothesis” is an ad hominem attack.
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  13. Robert J. Baum (1972). The Instrumentalist and Formalist Elements of Berkeley's Philosophy of Mathematics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (2):119-134.score: 30.0
    The main thesis of this paper is that, Contrary to general belief, George berkeley did in fact express a coherent philosophy of mathematics in his major published works. He treated arithmetic and geometry separately and differently, And this paper focuses on his philosophy of arithmetic, Which is shown to be strikingly similar to the 19th and 20th century philosophies of mathematics known as 'formalism' and 'instrumentalism'. A major portion of the paper is devoted to showing how this philosophy of mathematics (...)
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  14. Maurice Baum (1928). A Comparative Study of the Philosophies of William James and John Dewey. Thesis: University of Chicago.score: 30.0
  15. William M. Baum & Suzanne H. Mitchell (2000). Newton and Darwin: Can This Marriage Be Saved? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):91-92.score: 30.0
    The insights described by Nevin & Grace may be summarized without reference to the Newtonian concepts they suggest. The metaphor to Newtonian mechanics seems dubious in three ways: (1) extensions seem to lead to paradoxes; (2) many well-known phenomena are ignored; (3) the Newtonian concepts seem difficult to reconcile with the larger framework of evolutionary theory.
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  16. Manfred Baum (1978). Belief and Knowledge in the Philosophy of Plato. Studies on 'Charmides', 'Menon' and 'The Republic'. Philosophy and History 11 (1):6-10.score: 30.0
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  17. Manfred Baum (1989). Kant on Cosmological Apperception. International Philosophical Quarterly 29 (3):281-289.score: 30.0
  18. Seth D. Baum & Grant S. Wilson (2013). The Ethics of Global Catastrophic Risk From Dual-Use Bioengineering. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 4 (1):59-72.score: 30.0
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  19. William M. Baum (2001). Two Stumbling Blocks to a General Account of Selection: Replication and Information. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):528-528.score: 30.0
    When one takes the evolution of operant behavior as prototype, one sees that the term replication is too tied to the peculiarities of genetic evolution. A more general term is recurrence. The important problem raised by recurrence is not “information” but relationship: deciding when two occurrences belong to the same lineage. That is solved by looking at common environmental effects.
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  20. Caroline J. Huang & Matthew L. Baum (2012). Nudge Ethics: Just a Game of Billiards? American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):22-24.score: 30.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 22-24, February 2012.
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  21. David A. Baum (2013). Developmental Causation and the Problem of Homology. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 5.score: 30.0
    While it is generally agreed that the concept of homology refers to individuated traits that have been inherited from common ancestry, we still lack an adequate account of trait individuation or inheritance. Here I propose that we utilize a counterfactual criterion of causation to link each trait with a developmental-causal (DC) gene. A DC gene is made up of the genetic information (which might or might not be physically contiguous in the genome) that is needed for the production of the (...)
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  22. Manfred Baum (1978). Gemeinwohl und allgemeiner Wille in Hegels Rechtsphilosophie. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 60 (2):175-198.score: 30.0
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  23. Manfred Baum (1996). Klaus Reich (1906-1996). Kant-Studien 87 (2):129-131.score: 30.0
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  24. S. D. Baum (2008). Better to Exist: A Reply to Benatar. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):875-876.score: 30.0
    A recent exchange on Benatar’s book Better never to have been between Doyal and Benatar discusses Benatar’s bold claim that people should not be brought into existence. Here, I expand the discussion of original position that the exchange focused on. I also discuss the asymmetries, between benefit and harm and between existence and non-existence, upon which Benatar’s bold claim rests. In both discussions, I show how Benatar’s bold claim can be rejected.
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  25. William M. Baum & Peter J. Richerson, Cultural Evolution in Laboratory Microsocieties Including Traditions of Rule Giving and Rule Following.score: 30.0
    Experiments may contribute to understanding the basic processes of cultural evolution. We drew features from previous laboratory research with small groups in which traditions arose during several generations. Groups of four participants chose by consensus between solving anagrams printed on red cards and on blue cards. Payoffs for the choices differed. After 12 min, the participant who had been in the experiment the longest was removed and replaced with a naı¨ve person. These replacements, each of which marked the end of (...)
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  26. Robert J. Baum (1976). Can Governmental Support of Philosophy of Science Research Be Justified? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:289 - 312.score: 30.0
    This paper examines some of the theoretical and philosophical issues associated with the question of government funding, including the definition of 'philosophy of science research' and the problem of distinguishing between "pure" and "applied" research. Suggestions are provided as to what is necessary in order to construct several different kinds of justification for government support of PS research, but no justifications are worked out in detail. This paper was written to provide background material for an oral presentation on the more (...)
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  27. Seth D. Baum, Michelle Stickler, James S. Shortle, Klaus Keller, Kenneth J. Davis, Donald A. Brown, Erich W. Schienke & Nancy Tuana (2011). The Role of the National Science Foundation Broader Impacts Criterion in Enhancing Research Ethics Pedagogy. Social Epistemology 23 (3):317-336.score: 30.0
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  28. S. Baum (forthcoming). Beyond the Ramsey Model for Climate Change Assessments. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics.score: 30.0
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  29. Robert J. Baum (1987). Ethical Problems of Professional Planners—Introduction. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (2):3-4.score: 30.0
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  30. Gregory Baum (1971). Science and Commitment: Historical Truth According to Ernst Troeltsch. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 1 (2):259-277.score: 30.0
  31. Seth D. Baum (2012). Value Typology in Cost-Benefit Analysis. Environmental Values 21 (4):499 - 524.score: 30.0
    Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) evaluates actions in terms of negative consequences (costs) and positive consequences (benefits). Though much has been said on CBA, little attention has been paid to the types of values held by costs and benefits. This paper introduces a simple typology of values in CBA and applies it to three forms of CBA: the common, money-based CBA, CBA based in social welfare, and CBA based in intrinsic value. The latter extends CBA beyond its usual anthropocentric domain. Adequate handling (...)
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  32. Susan Goold & Nancy M. Baum (2006). Define "Affordable&Quot. Hastings Center Report 36 (5):22-24.score: 30.0
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  33. Caroline J. Huang & Matthew L. Baum (2011). A Rational Basis for Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):27-29.score: 30.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 12, Page 27-29, December 2011.
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  34. Robert J. Baum (1985). Blindness and Anonymity: A Defense of Pluralism in Refereeing Policy. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 58 (5):757 - 761.score: 30.0
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  35. Günther Baum (1973). K. L. Reinholds Elementarphilosophie und die Idee des transzendentalen Idealismus. Kant-Studien 64 (1-4):213-230.score: 30.0
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  36. Nancy Baum, Peter Jacobson & Susan Goold (2009). “Listen to the People”: Public Deliberation About Social Distancing Measures in a Pandemic. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):4-14.score: 30.0
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  37. Gregory Baum (1998). The Impact of Marxist Ideas on Christian Theology. Laval Théologique Et Philosophique 54 (3):497-508.score: 30.0
  38. M. E. Redshaw, A. Harris & J. D. Baum (1996). Research Ethics Committee Audit: Differences Between Committees. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):78-82.score: 30.0
    The same research proposal was submitted to 24 district health authority (DHA) research ethics committees in different parts of the country. The objective was to obtain permission for a multi-centre research project. The study of neonatal care in different types of unit (regional, subregional and district), required that four health authorities were approached in each of six widely separated health regions in England. Data were collected and compared concerning aspects of processing, including application forms, information required, timing and decision-making. The (...)
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  39. M. Baum (1994). Clinical Trials -- A Brave New Partnership: A Response to Mrs. Thornton. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):23-25.score: 30.0
    In this commentary on the previous paper it is explained that screen-detected Duct Carcinoma In Situ is effectively a new disease of unknown natural history. It is therefore impossible that 'the doctor knows best' and it is therefore both in the patient and the public's best interests that such cases are submitted to the rigours of the randomised controlled trial. Inevitably this brings the ethical dilemma of how to explain to patients the uncertainty and how to involve them in a (...)
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  40. Günther Baum & Dieter Birnbacher (eds.) (2005). Schopenhauer Und Die Künste. Wallstein.score: 30.0
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  41. Maurice Baum (1932). The Attitude of William James Toward Science. The Monist 42 (4):585-604.score: 30.0
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  42. Maurice Baum (1933). The Development of James's Pragmatism Prior to 1879. Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):43-51.score: 30.0
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  43. Susan Dorr Goold, Laura Damschroder & Nancy Baum (2007). Deliberative Procedures in Bioethics. Advances in Bioethics 11:183-201.score: 30.0
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  44. A. M., S. Baum & M. S. McPherson, Financial Independence and Age: Distributive Justice in the Case of Adult Education.score: 30.0
     
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  45. William M. Baum (2007). Commentary on Foxall," Intentional Behaviorism". Behavior and Philosophy 35:57.score: 30.0
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  46. William M. Baum (2000). Choice of Mating Tactics and Constrained Optimality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):589-590.score: 30.0
    Gangestad & Simpson's arguments may be rendered more substantial and precise by capitalizing on research and theory on choice between reinforced response alternatives. An analysis in terms of feedback functions shows that the effects of individual differences in attractiveness may be understood as constraints on optimality and may be reconciled with the previous research and theory that the authors criticize.
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  47. B. Baum (2001). Freedom, Power and Public Opinion: J.S. Mill on the Public Sphere. History of Political Thought 22 (3):501-524.score: 30.0
  48. Bruce David Baum & Robert Nichols (eds.) (2012). Isaiah Berlin and the Politics of Freedom: "Two Concepts of Liberty" 50 Years Later. Routledge.score: 30.0
    " By relating Berlin's thinking about freedom to competing contemporary views of the politics of freedom, this book will be significant for both scholars of Berlin as well as people who are interested in larger debates about the meaning and ...
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