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Noam Chomsky [324]N. Chomsky [13]Noam A. Chomsky [9]
  1.  720 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (2009). The Mysteries of Nature: How Deeply Hidden? Journal of Philosophy 106 (4):167-200.
  2.  439 DLs
    Noam A. Chomsky (1967). Recent Contributions to the Theory of Innate Ideas. Synthese 17 (March):2-11.
  3.  358 DLs
    Noam A. Chomsky (1980). Rules and Representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (127):1-61.
    The book from which these sections are excerpted (N. Chomsky, Rules and Representations, Columbia University Press, 1980) is concerned with the prospects for assimilating the study of human intelligence and its products to the natural sciences through the investigation of cognitive structures, understood as systems of rules and representations that can be regarded as These mental structui′es serve as the vehicles for the exercise of various capacities. They develop in the mind on the basis of an innate endowment that permits (...)
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  4.  334 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1995). Language and Nature. Mind 104 (413):1-61.
  5.  306 DLs
    Noam A. Chomsky (1976). Reflections On Language. Temple Smith.
  6.  178 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1958). Logical Syntax and Semantics. Their Linguistic Relevance. Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):72-72.
    The relation between linguistics and logic has been discussed in a, recent paper by Bar-Hillel} where it is argued that a disregard for workin logical syntax and semantics has caused linguists to limit themselves too narrowly in their inquiries, and to fall into several errors. In particular, Bar-Hillel asserts, they have attempted to derive relations of synonymy and so-called ‘rules of transfOI`1'Il8.tiOH,, such as the active—pussive relation, from distributional studies alone, and they have hesitated to rely on considerations of meaning (...)
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  7.  136 DLs
    Robert C. Berwick, Paul Pietroski, Beracah Yankama & Noam Chomsky (2011). Poverty of the Stimulus Revisited. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1207-1242.
    A central goal of modern generative grammar has been to discover invariant properties of human languages that reflect “the innate schematism of mind that is applied to the data of experience” and that “might reasonably be attributed to the organism itself as its contribution to the task of the acquisition of knowledge” (Chomsky, 1971). Candidates for such invariances include the structure dependence of grammatical rules, and in particular, certain constraints on question formation. Various “poverty of stimulus” (POS) arguments suggest that (...)
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  8.  136 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1968). Quine's Empirical Assumptions. Synthese 19 (1-2):53 - 68.
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  9.  124 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, In Leon A. Jakobovits & Murray S. Miron (1959). A Review of BF Skinner's Verbal Behavior. [REVIEW] Language 35 (1):26--58.
    I had intended this review not specifically as a criticism of Skinner's speculations regarding language, but rather as a more general critique of behaviorist (I would now prefer to say "empiricist") speculation as to the nature of higher mental processes. My reason for discussing Skinner's book in such detail was that it was the most careful and thoroughgoing presentation of such speculations, an evaluation that I feel is still accurate. Therefore, if the conclusions I attempted to substantiate in the review (...)
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  10.  123 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1995). The Minimalist Program. The MIT Press.
    In these essays the minimalist approach to linguistic theory is formulated and progressively developed.
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  11.  122 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Intelligent Design?
    To detractors, Intelligent Design is creationism — the literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis — in a thin guise, or simply vacuous, about as interesting as "I don’t understand," as has always been true in the sciences before understanding is reached. Accordingly, there cannot be a "debate.".
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  12.  107 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Chomsky on the Mind–Body Problem.
    Some people say that the founding document of twentieth-century cognitive science was Chomsky’s (1959) review of Skinner’s Verbal Behavior. (Certainly it converted me.2) By any measure, Chomsky was a leading figure in the victory of cognitivism over behaviorism in psychology. In philosophy too, Chomsky led the attack against Quine’s behaviorism regarding language and language learning.3 Moreover, Chomsky’s (1957, 1965) expressly computational view of language processing was a major inspiration for Functionalism in the philosophy of mind, as founded by Hilary Putnam (...)
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  13.  106 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1994). Naturalism and Dualism in the Study of Language and Mind. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):181 – 209.
  14.  105 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (2007). Biolinguistic Explorations: Design, Development, Evolution. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (1):1 – 21.
    Biolinguistic inquiry investigates the human language faculty as an internal biological property. This article traces the development of biolinguistics from its early philosophical origins through its reformulation during the cognitive revolution of the 1950s and outlines my views on where the biolinguistic enterprise stands today. The growth of language in the individual, it is suggested, depends on (i) genetic factors, (ii) experience, and (iii) principles that are not specific to the faculty of language. The best current explanation of how language (...)
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  15.  98 DLs
    Noam Chomsky & Jerrold J. Katz (1974). What the Linguist is Talking About. Journal of Philosophy 71 (12):347-367.
  16.  92 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, America in Decline.
    Truthout, August 5, 2011 "It is a common theme" that the United States, which "only a few years ago was hailed to stride the world as a colossus with unparalleled power and unmatched appeal is in decline, ominously facing the prospect of its final decay," Giacomo Chiozza writes in the current Political Science Quarterly.
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  17.  84 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1988). Language and Problems of Knowledge. The MIT Press.
    Language and Problems of Knowledge is sixteenth in the series Current Studies in Linguistics, edited by Jay Keyser.
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  18.  84 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, The Supreme Court, Democracy, Money.
    January 21, 2010 will go down as a dark day in the history of American democracy, and its decline. The editors of the New York Times did not exaggerate when they wrote that the Supreme Court decision that day “strikes at the heart of democracy” by having “paved the way for corporations to use their vast treasuries to overwhelm elections and intimidate elected officials into doing their bidding” – more explicitly, for permitting corporate managers to do so, since current laws (...)
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  19.  83 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, The Corporate Takeover of U.S. Democracy.
    January 21, 2010 will go down as a dark day in the history of American democracy, and its decline. The editors of the New York Times did not exaggerate when they wrote that the Supreme Court decision that day "strikes at the heart of democracy" by having "paved the way for corporations to use their vast treasuries to overwhelm elections and intimidate elected officials into doing their bidding" -- more explicitly, for permitting corporate managers to do so, since current laws (...)
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  20.  76 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. The MIT Press.
    Chomsky proposes a reformulation of the theory of transformational generative grammar that takes recent developments in the descriptive analysis of particular ...
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  21.  69 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1982). A Note on the Creative Aspect of Language Use. Philosophical Review 91 (3):423-434.
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  22.  65 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (2000). New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is an outstanding contribution to the philosophical study of language and mind, by one of the most influential thinkers of our time. In a series of penetrating essays, Chomsky cuts through the confusion and prejudice which has infected the study of language and mind, bringing new solutions to traditional philosophical puzzles and fresh perspectives on issues of general interest, ranging from the mind-body problem to the unification of science. Using a range of imaginative and deceptively simple linguistic analyses, (...)
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  23.  60 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, The Case Against B.F. Skinner.
    A century ago, a voice of British liberalism described the "Chinaman" as "an inferior race of malleable orientals."1 During the same years, anthropology became professionalized as a discipline, "intimately associated with the rise of raciology."2 Presented with the claims of nineteenth century racist anthropology, a rational person will ask two sorts of questions: What is the scientific status of the claims? What social or ideological needs do they serve? The questions are logically independent, but the second type of question naturally (...)
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  24.  60 DLs
    Noam A. Chomsky & Jerrold J. Katz (1975). On Innateness: A Reply to Cooper. Philosophical Review 84 (January):70-87.
  25.  58 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (2003). Chomsky on Democracy & Education. Routledgefalmer.
    Education stands at the intersection of Noam Chomsky's two lives as scholar and social critic: As a linguist he is keenly interested in how children acquire language, and as a political activist he views the education system as an important lever of social change. Chomsky on Democracy and Education gathers for the first time his impressive range of writings on these subjects, some previously unpublished and not readily available to the general public. Raised in a progressive school where his father (...)
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  26.  52 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, 9 11.
    p16 "[An] act of terrorism, means any activity that (A) involves a violent act or an act dangerous to human life that is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; and (B) appears to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population, (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or (...)
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  27.  48 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, It's Not Radical Islam That Worries the US -- It's Independence.
    Observers compared it to the toppling of Russian domains in 1989, but there are important differences. Crucially, no Mikhail Gorbachev exists among the great powers that support the Arab dictators. Rather, Washington and its allies keep to the well-established principle that democracy is acceptable only insofar as it conforms to strategic and economic objectives: fine in enemy territory (up to a point), but not in our backyard, please, unless properly tamed.
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  28.  47 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Preventive War 'the Supreme Crime'.
    What is to be âœprotectedâis US power and the interests it represents, not the world, which vigorously opposed the conception. Within a few months, studies (...)revealed that fear of the United States had reached remarkable heights, along with distrust of the political leadership. An international Gallup poll in December, barely noted in the US, found virtually no support for Washington’s announced plans for a war in Iraq carried out âœunilaterally by America and its alliesâ€: in effect, the US-UK âœcoalition.â€. (shrink)
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  29.  47 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (2002). On Nature and Language. Cambridge University Press.
    Featuring an essay by the author on the role of intellectuals in society and government, a fascinating volume sheds light on the relation between language, mind ...
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  30.  45 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1981). Lectures on Government and Binding. Foris.
    A more extensive discussion of certain of the more technical notions appears in my paper "On Binding" (Chomsky,; henceforth, OB). ...
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  31.  43 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Humanitarian Intervention.
    There is ample documentary material supporting the belief that states are moral agents, in fact uniformly so. Without having read the texts, I presume that when the invasion of Afghanistan began to go sour, pre- Gorbachev Pravda portrayed it as having begun with "blundering efforts to do good" though most people now recognize it to have been a "disastrous mistake" because Russia "could not impose a solution except at a price too costly to itself;" it was an "error" based on (...)
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  32.  40 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1992). Explaining Language Use. Philosophical Topics 20 (1):205-231.
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  33.  39 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, The Common Good.
    p19 ... it's ridiculous to talk about freedom in a society dominated by huge corporations. What kind of freedom is there inside a corporation? They're totalitarian institutions - you take orders from above and maybe give them to people below you. There's about as much freedom as under Stalinism.
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  34.  35 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, War, Peace, and Obama's Nobel.
    The prize "seemed a kind of prayer and encouragement by the Nobel committee for future endeavor and more consensual American leadership," Steven Erlanger and Sheryl Gay Stolberg wrote in The New York Times.
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  35.  34 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, There is Much More to Say.
    That was followed but a deluge of reactions from all over the world. It is far from a scientific sample of course, but nevertheless, the tendencies may be of some interest. Overwhelmingly, those from the “third world†were on the order of “thanks for saying what we think.†There were similar ones from the US, but many others were infuriated, often virtually hysterical, with almost no relation to the actual content of the posted form letter. That was true in particular (...)
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  36.  33 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1971/1972). Problems of Knowledge and Freedom: The Russell Lectures. Vintage Books.
  37.  33 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Breaking the Israel-Palestine Deadlock.
    The "delegitimation," which is progressing rapidly, was carried forward in December by a Human Rights Watch call on the U.S."to suspend financing to Israel in an amount equivalent to the costs of Israel's spending in support of settlements," and to monitor contributions to Israel from tax-exempt U.S. organizations that violate international law, "including prohibitions against discrimination" -- which would cast a wide net. Amnesty International had already called for an arms embargo on Israel. The legitimation process also took a long (...)
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  38.  32 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1998). Review: Comments: Galen Strawson, Mental Reality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):437 - 441.
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  39.  31 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Humanitarian Imperialism: The New Doctrine of Imperial Right.
    The end of the Cold War unleashed an impressive flow of rhetoric assuring the world that the West would now be free to pursue its traditional dedication to freedom, democracy, justice, and human rights unhampered by superpower rivalry, though there were some—called “realists†in international relations theory—who warned that in “granting idealism a near exclusive hold on our foreign policy,†we may be going too far and might harm our interests. [1] Such notions as “humanitarian intervention†and “the responsibility to (...)
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  40.  31 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1957). Syntactic Structures. Mouton.
    Noam Chomsky's book on syntactic structures is a serious attempts on the part of a linguist to construct within the tradition of scientific theory-construction ...
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  41.  28 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Barack Obama and the 'Unipolar Moment'.
    With just that much background, let us turn to the so called unipolar moment. Symbolized by the fall of the Berlin Wall 20 years ago, the collapse of the Soviet Union putatively left a unipolar world, with the United States as the sole global superpower and not merely the primary superpower, as it was before.
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  42.  28 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, International Terrorism: Image and Reality.
    It comes as no surprise that the propagandistic approach is adopted by governments generally, and by their instruments in totalitarian states. More interesting is the fact that the same is largely true of the media and scholarship in the Western industrial democracies, as has been documented in extensive detail.1 "We must recognize," <span class='Hi'>Michael</span> Stohl observes, "that by convention -- and it must be emphasized only by convention -- great power use and the threat of the use of force is (...)
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  43.  26 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Rationality/Science.
    I don't want to mislead, and therefore should say, at once, that I am not all sure that I am taking part in the discussion. I think I understand some of what is said in the six papers, and agree with much of it. What I don't understand is the topic: the legitimacy of "rationality," "science," and "logic" (perhaps modified by "Western")--call the amalgam "rational inquiry," for brevity. I read the papers hoping for some enlightenment on the matter, but, to (...)
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  44.  26 DLs
    Israel Scheffler & Noam Chomsky (1958). What Is Said to Be. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 59:71 - 82.
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  45.  25 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (2005). Simple Truths, Hard Problems: Some Thoughts on Terror, Justice, and Self-Defence. Philosophy 80 (1):5-28.
    Among the most elementary of moral truisms is the principle of universality: we apply to ourselves the same standards we do to others, more stringent ones if we are serious. A near-universal principle of intellectual culture is the rejection of this truism, sometimes explicitly. Rejection of this and similar moral truisms has severe human consequences, and yields what are regarded as “hard problems”—hard in no small measure because truisms are rejected. Illustrations range from establishment of “norms” for international behavior to (...)
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  46.  24 DLs
    Noam Chomsky (1953). Systems of Syntactic Analysis. Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (3):242-256.
    During the past several decades, linguists have developed and applied widely techniques which enable them, to a considerable extent, to determine and state the structure of natural languages without semantic reference. It is of interest to inquire seriously into the formality of linguistic method and the adequacy of whatever part of it can be made purely formal, and to examine the possibilities of applying it, as has occasionally been suggested,s to a wider range of problems. In order to pursue these (...)
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  47.  22 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, Is the World Too Big to Fail? The Contours of Global Order.
    Each is a microcosm of tendencies in global society, following varied courses. There are sure to be farreaching consequences of what is taking place both in the decaying industrial heartland of the richest and most powerful country in human history, and in what President Dwight Eisenhower called "the most strategically important area in the world" -- "a stupendous source of strategic power" and "probably the richest economic prize in the world in the field of foreign investment," in the words of (...)
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  48.  21 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, The Imperial Way: American Decline in Perspective, Part 2.
    Even more serious would be the loss of the MENA countries -- Middle East/North Africa -- which have been regarded by planners since the 1940s as "a stupendous source of strategic power, and one of the greatest material prizes in world history." Control of MENA energy reserves would yield "substantial control of the world," in the words of the influential Roosevelt advisor A.A. Berle.
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  49.  21 DLs
    Noam Chomsky, A Just War? Hardly.
    Concepts aside, actions in the real world all too often reinforce the maxim of Thucydides that "The strong do as they can, while the weak suffer what they must" — which is not only indisputably unjust, but at the present stage of human civilisation, a literal threat to the survival of the species.
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  50.  20 DLs
    Noam Chomsky & Edward S. Herman, The Nazi Parallel: The National Security State and the Churches.
    The two statements quoted above bring out some central features of modern Latin America. A close study of recent trends including the specific totalitarian ideology of the generals, the system of ideological manipulation and terror, the diaspora, and the defensive response of the churches (and their harassment by the military juntas) reveals startling similarities with patterns of thought and behavior under European fascism, especially under Nazism. Fascist ideology has flowed into Latin American directly and indirectly. Large numbers of Nazi refugees (...)
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1 — 50 / 343