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Nicholaos Jones [23]Nicholas K. Jones [10]Nicholas F. Jones [10]Nora L. Jones [6]
Neil D. Jones [3]Nancy L. Jones [3]Nicholaos John Jones [3]Nicholas Jones [3]

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See also:
Profile: Nicholaos Jones (University of Alabama, Huntsville)
Profile: Nicholas K Jones (University of Birmingham)
Profile: Nancy Jones (Liberty University)
Profile: Norman Jones
Profile: Nolan Jones (California State University, Sacramento)
Profile: Nathan jones
Profile: Nadine Jones (Youngstown State University)
  1. Scott F. Aikin & Nicholaos Jones (2015). An Atheistic Argument From Ugliness. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):209-217.
    The theistic argument from beauty has what we call an 'evil twin', the argument from ugliness. The argument yields either what we call 'atheist win', or, when faced with aesthetic theodicies, 'agnostic tie' with the argument from beauty.
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  2.  15
    Nicholaos Jones (forthcoming). Inference to the More Robust Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw009.
    There is a new argument form within theoretical biology. This form takes as input competing explanatory models; it yields as output the conclusion that one of these models is more plausible than the others. The driving force for this argument form is an analysis showing that one model exhibits more parametric robustness than its competitors. This article examines these inferences to the more robust explanation, analysing them as variants of inference to the best explanation. The article defines parametric robustness and (...)
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  3. Will Bynoe & Nicholas K. Jones (2013). Solitude Without Souls: Why Peter Unger Hasn't Established Substance Dualism. Philosophia 41 (1):109-125.
    Unger has recently argued that if you are the only thinking and experiencing subject in your chair, then you are not a material object. This leads Unger to endorse a version of Substance Dualism according to which we are immaterial souls. This paper argues that this is an overreaction. We argue that the specifically Dualist elements of Unger’s view play no role in his response to the problem; only the view’s structure is required, and that is available to Unger’s opponents. (...)
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  4. Nicholaos Jones (2010). Nyāya-Vaiśesika Inherence, Buddhist Reduction, and Huayan Total Power. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 37 (2):215-230.
    This paper elaborates upon various responses to the Problem of the One over the Many, in the service of two central goals. The first is to situate Huayan's mereology within the context of Buddhism's historical development, showing its continuity with a broader tradition of philosophizing about part-whole relations. The second goal is to highlight the way in which Huayan's mereology combines the virtues of the Nyāya-Vaisheshika and Indian Buddhist solutions to the Problem of the One over the Many while avoiding (...)
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  5.  9
    Nicholas K. Jones, A Higher-Order Solution to the Problem of the Concept Horse.
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  6. Gregory Currie & Nicholas Jones, McGinn on Delusion and Imagination.
  7.  62
    Nicholaos Jones (2012). An Arrovian Impossibility Theorem for the Epistemology of Disagreement. Logos and Episteme 3 (1):97-115.
    According to conciliatory views about the epistemology of disagreement, when epistemic peers have conflicting doxastic attitudes toward a proposition and fully disclose to one another the reasons for their attitudes toward that proposition (and neither has independent reason to believe the other to be mistaken), each peer should always change his attitude toward that proposition to one that is closer to the attitudes of those peers with which there is disagreement. According to pure higher-order evidence views, higher-order evidence for a (...)
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  8.  29
    Angela Woods, Nev Jones, Marco Bernini, Felicity Callard, Ben Alderson-Day, Johanna Badcock, Vaughn Bell, Chris Cook, Thomas Csordas, Clara Humpston, Joel Krueger, Frank Laroi, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Peter Moseley, Hilary Powell & Andrea Raballo (2014). Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Phenomenology of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Schizophrenia Bulletin 40:S246-S254.
    Despite the recent proliferation of scientific, clinical, and narrative accounts of auditory verbal hallucinations, the phenomenology of voice hearing remains opaque and undertheorized. In this article, we outline an interdisciplinary approach to understanding hallucinatory experiences which seeks to demonstrate the value of the humanities and social sciences to advancing knowledge in clinical research and practice. We argue that an interdisciplinary approach to the phenomenology of AVH utilizes rigorous and context-appropriate methodologies to analyze a wider range of first-person accounts of AVH (...)
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  9.  7
    Nicholaos Jones (forthcoming). Correlative Reasoning About Water in Mengzi 6A2. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy (2):1-15.
    Mengzi 孟子 6A2 contains the famous water analogy for the innate goodness of human nature. Some evaluate Mengzi’s reasoning as strong and sophisticated; others, as weak or sophistical. I urge for more nuance in our evaluation. Mengzi’s reasoning fares poorly when judged by contemporary standards of analogical strength. However, if we evaluate the analogy as an instance of correlative thinking within a yin-yang 陰陽 cosmology, his reasoning fares well. That cosmology provides good reason to assert that water tends to flow (...)
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  10.  43
    Nicholaos Jones (2014). Bowtie Structures, Pathway Diagrams, and Topological Explanation. Erkenntnis 79 (5):1135-1155.
    While mechanistic explanation and, to a lesser extent, nomological explanation are well-explored topics in the philosophy of biology, topological explanation is not. Nor is the role of diagrams in topological explanations. These explanations do not appeal to the operation of mechanisms or laws, and extant accounts of the role of diagrams in biological science explain neither why scientists might prefer diagrammatic representations of topological information to sentential equivalents nor how such representations might facilitate important processes of explanatory reasoning unavailable to (...)
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  11.  30
    Nicholas K. Jones (2016). The Representational Limits of Possible Worlds Semantics. Philosophical Studies 173 (2):479-503.
    This paper evaluates Stalnaker’s recent attempt to outline a realist interpretation of possible worlds semantics that lacks substantive metaphysical commitments. The limitations of his approach are used to draw some more general lessons about the non-representational artefacts of formal representations. Three key conclusions are drawn. Stalnaker’s account of possible worlds semantics’ non-representational artefacts does not cohere with his modal metaphysics. Invariance-based analyses of non-representational artefacts cannot capture a certain kind of artefact. Stalnaker must treat instrumentally those aspects of possible worlds (...)
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  12.  85
    Nancy L. Jones (2007). A Code of Ethics for the Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):25-43.
    The activities of the life sciences are essential to provide solutions for the future, for both individuals and society. Society has demanded growing accountability from the scientific community as implications of life science research rise in influence and there are concerns about the credibility, integrity and motives of science. While the scientific community has responded to concerns about its integrity in part by initiating training in research integrity and the responsible conduct of research, this approach is minimal. The scientific community (...)
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  13. Nicholaos Jones (2009). Fazang's Total Power Mereology: An Interpretive Analytic Reconstruction. Asian Philosophy 19 (3):199-211.
    In his _Treatise on the Golden Lion_, Fazang says that wholes are _in_ each of their parts and that each part of a whole _is_ every other part of the whole. In this paper, I offer an interpretation of these remarks according to which they are not obviously false, and I use this interpretation in order to rigorously reconstruct Fazang's arguments for his claims. On the interpretation I favor, Fazang means that the presence of a whole's part suffices for the (...)
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  14.  5
    Nicholas K. Jones (2016). A Higher-Order Solution to the Problem of the Concept Horse. Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
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  15.  81
    Nicholaos Jones & Olaf Wolkenhauer (2012). Diagrams as Locality Aids for Explanation and Model Construction in Cell Biology. Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):705-721.
    Using as case studies two early diagrams that represent mechanisms of the cell division cycle, we aim to extend prior philosophical analyses of the roles of diagrams in scientific reasoning, and specifically their role in biological reasoning. The diagrams we discuss are, in practice, integral and indispensible elements of reasoning from experimental data about the cell division cycle to mathematical models of the cycle’s molecular mechanisms. In accordance with prior analyses, the diagrams provide functional explanations of the cell cycle and (...)
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  16.  25
    Nicholaos Jones (2008). Is All Abstracting Idealizing? The Reasoner 2 (4):4-5.
    I defend a distinction between abstraction and idealization. Idealizations distort; abstractions do not.
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  17. Nicholaos Jones (2008). Is Theology Respectable as Metaphysics? Zygon 43 (3):579-592.
    Theology involves inquiry into God's nature, God's purposes, and whether certain experiences or pronouncements come From God. These inquiries are metaphysical, part of theology's concern with the veridicality of signs and realities that are independent from humans. Several research programs concerned with the relation between theology and science aim to secure theology's intellectual standing as a metaphysical discipline by showing that it satisfies criteria that make modern science reputable, on the grounds that modern science embodies contemporary canons of respectability for (...)
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  18.  97
    Nicholaos Jones (2013). Don't Blame the Idealizations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):85-100.
    Idealizing conditions are scapegoats for scientific hypotheses, too often blamed for falsehood better attributed to less obvious sources. But while the tendency to blame idealizations is common among both philosophers of science and scientists themselves, the blame is misplaced. Attention to the nature of idealizing conditions, the content of idealized hypotheses, and scientists’ attitudes toward those hypotheses shows that idealizing conditions are blameless when hypotheses misrepresent. These conditions help to determine the content of idealized hypotheses, and they do so in (...)
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  19. Gregory S. Reed & Nicholaos Jones (2013). Toward Modeling and Automating Ethical Decision Making: Design, Implementation, Limitations, and Responsibilities. Topoi 32 (2):237-250.
    One recent priority of the U.S. government is developing autonomous robotic systems. The U.S. Army has funded research to design a metric of evil to support military commanders with ethical decision-making and, in the future, allow robotic military systems to make autonomous ethical judgments. We use this particular project as a case study for efforts that seek to frame morality in quantitative terms. We report preliminary results from this research, describing the assumptions and limitations of a program that assesses the (...)
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  20. Nicholas K. Jones (2011). Williams on Supervaluationism and Logical Revisionism. Journal of Philosophy 108 (11):633-641.
    Central to discussion of supervaluationist accounts of vagueness is the extent to which they require revisions of classical logic and if so, whether those revisions are objectionable. In an important recent Journal of Philosophy article, J.R.G. Williams presents a powerful challenge to the orthodox view that supervaluationism is objectionably revisionary. Williams argues both that supervaluationism is non-revisionary and that even if it were, those revisions would be unobjectionable. This note shows that his arguments for both claims fail.
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  21.  2
    Nicholaos Jones (2016). Correlative Reasoning About Water in Mengzi 6A2. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 15 (2):193-207.
    Mengzi 孟子 6A2 contains the famous water analogy for the innate goodness of human nature. Some evaluate Mengzi’s reasoning as strong and sophisticated; others, as weak or sophistical. I urge for more nuance in our evaluation. Mengzi’s reasoning fares poorly when judged by contemporary standards of analogical strength. However, if we evaluate the analogy as an instance of correlative thinking within a yin-yang 陰陽 cosmology, his reasoning fares well. That cosmology provides good reason to assert that water tends to flow (...)
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  22. Nicholaos Jones & Kevin Coffey, Synopsis of the Robert and Sarah Boote Conference in Reductionism and Anti-Reductionism in Physics.
    This document is a synopsis of discussions at the workshop prepared by Nicholaos Jones and Kevin Coffey, with remarks added by by Chuang Liu, John D. Norton, John Earman, Gordon Belot, Mark Wilson, Bob Batterman and Margie Morrison. The program is included in an appendix.
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  23. Hanne Hoitzing, Iain G. Johnston & Nick S. Jones (2015). What is the Function of Mitochondrial Networks? A Theoretical Assessment of Hypotheses and Proposal for Future Research. Bioessays 37 (6):687-700.
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  24.  74
    Adam C. Podlaskowski & Nicholaos J. Jones (2012). Idealizing, Abstracting, and Semantic Dispositionalism. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):166-178.
    Abstract: According to certain dispositional accounts of meaning, an agent's meaning is determined by the dispositions that an idealized version of this agent has in optimal conditions. We argue that such attempts cannot properly fix meaning. For even if there is a way to determine which features of an agent should be idealized without appealing to what the agent means, there is no non-circular way to determine how those features should be idealized. We sketch an alternative dispositional account that avoids (...)
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  25.  28
    Nicholas K. Jones (2014). Realism Behind the Veil. Analysis 74 (4):721-730.
    This is a critical notice of Tim Button's book "The Limits of Realism".
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  26.  2
    N. L. Jones, A. M. Peiffer, A. Lambros, M. Guthold, A. D. Johnson, M. Tytell, A. E. Ronca & J. C. Eldridge (2010). Developing a Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Curriculum for Professionalism and Scientific Integrity Training for Biomedical Graduate Students. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):614-619.
    A multidisciplinary faculty committee designed a curriculum to shape biomedical graduate students into researchers with a high commitment to professionalism and social responsibility and to provide students with tools to navigate complex, rapidly evolving academic and societal environments with a strong ethical commitment. The curriculum used problem-based learning (PBL), because it is active and learner-centred and focuses on skill and process development. Two courses were developed: Scientific Professionalism: Scientific Integrity addressed discipline-specific and broad professional norms and obligations for the ethical (...)
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  27.  1
    Nicholaos Jones (forthcoming). Inference to the More Robust Explanation: Table 1. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axw009.
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  28.  57
    Nicholaos Jones (2009). General Relativity and the Standard Model: Why Evidence for One Does Not Disconfirm the Other. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (2):124-132.
    General Relativity and the Standard Model often are touted as the most rigorously and extensively confirmed scientific hypotheses of all time. Nonetheless, these theories appear to have consequences that are inconsistent with evidence about phenomena for which, respectively, quantum effects and gravity matter. This paper suggests an explanation for why the theories are not disconfirmed by such evidence. The key to this explanation is an approach to scientific hypotheses that allows their actual content to differ from their apparent content. This (...)
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  29.  4
    Nicholas Blurton Jones & Frank W. Marlowe (2002). Selection for Delayed Maturity. Human Nature 13 (2):199-238.
    Humans have a much longer juvenile period (weaning to first reproduction, 14 or more years) than their closest relatives (chimpanzees, 8 years). Three explanations are prominent in the literature. (a) Humans need the extra time to learn their complex subsistence techniques. (b) Among mammals, since length of the juvenile period bears a constant relationship to adult lifespan, the human juvenile period is just as expected. We therefore only need to explain the elongated adult lifespan, which can be explained by the (...)
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  30.  21
    Pamela Sankar & Nora L. Jones (2007). Semi-Structured Interviews in Bioethics Research. Advances in Bioethics 11:117-136.
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  31. Françoise Baylis, Elisabeth Boetzkes, Alisa L. Carse, Jocelyn Downie, Lisa Handwerker, Helen Bequaert Holmes, Nikki Jones, Hilde Lindemann Nelson, Julien S. Murphy, Barbara Nicholas, Wendy A. Rogers, Mary V. Rorty, Laura Shanner, Susan Sherwin, Anita Silvers, Rosemarie Tong & Susan Wolf (1999). Embodying Bioethics: Recent Feminist Advances. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Medical issues affecting health care have become everyday media events. In response to mounting public concern, growing numbers of bioethicists are being appointed to medical school faculties and public policy panels. However the ideas voiced in these forums are seldom informed by feminist perspectives. In this important book, a distinguished group of feminist scholars and activists discuss crucial bioethics topics in a feminist light. Among the subjects explored are the care/justice debates, transforming bioethics, practice, and reproduction. The book also covers (...)
     
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  32.  53
    N. Jones (2011). Error and Inference: Recent Exchanges on Experimental Reasoning, Reliability, and the Objectivity and Rationality of Science * Edited by Deborah G. Mayo and Aris Spanos. Analysis 71 (2):406-408.
    When do data provide good evidence for a hypothesis, evidence that warrants an inference to the hypothesis? Standard answers either reject the legitimacy of induction or else allow warranted inference from data to hypothesis when there are suitable relationships between and among the data and hypotheses. The severity account rejects all of these, maintaining instead that the good evidence relation concerns not only relations between data and hypotheses but also the methods for obtaining the data and the sensitivity of these (...)
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  33.  10
    Nicholas F. Jones (1991). Democracy and Participation in Athens. Ancient Philosophy 11 (1):155-158.
  34.  1
    N. L. Jones, A. M. Peiffer, A. Lambros & J. C. Eldridge (2010). Problem-Based Learning for Professionalism and Scientific Integrity Training of Biomedical Graduate Students: Process Evaluation. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):620-626.
    Objective We conducted a process evaluation to (a) assess the effectiveness of a new problem-based learning curriculum designed to teach professionalism and scientific integrity to biomedical graduate students and (b) modify the course to enhance its relevance and effectiveness. The content presented realistic cases and issues in the practice of science, to promote skill development and to acculturate students to professional norms of science. Method We used 5-step Likert-scaled questions, open-ended questions, and interviews of students and facilitators to assess curricular (...)
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  35.  5
    Gregory Reed, Mikel Petty, Nicholaos Jones, Anthony Morris, John Ballenger & Harry Delugach (forthcoming). A Principles-Based Model of Ethical Considerations in Military Decision Making. Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation.
    When comparing alternative courses of action, modern military decision makers often must consider both the military effectiveness and the ethical consequences of the available alternatives. The basis, design, calibration, and performance of a principles-based computational model of ethical considerations in military decision making are reported in this article. The relative ethical violation (REV) model comparatively evaluates alternative military actions based upon the degree to which they violate contextually relevant ethical principles. It is based on a set of specific ethical principles (...)
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  36.  14
    Nicholas F. Jones (2008). From Popular Sovereignty to the Sovereignty of Law. Ancient Philosophy 9 (1):118 - 121.
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  37.  13
    Nicholas F. Jones (1985). A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia. Ancient Philosophy 5 (1):117-118.
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  38.  17
    Nicholas K. Jones (2013). The Universe As We Find It. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):839-841.
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  39.  7
    Nora L. Jones (2003). Validity and Applicability of the Social Sciences to and for Bioethics: Review of Barry Hoffmaster, Ed. 2001.Bioethics in Social Context. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):33-34.
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  40.  33
    Nicholaos John Jones (2010). Mereological Heuristics for Huayan Buddhism. Philosophy East and West 60 (3):355-368.
    This is an attempt to explain, in a way familiar to contemporary ways of thinking about mereology, why someone might accept some prima facie puzzling remarks by Fazang, such as his claims that the eye of a lion is its ear and that a rafter of a building is identical to the building itself. These claims are corollaries of the Huayan Buddhist thesis that everything is part of everything else, and it is intended here to show that there is a (...)
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  41.  38
    Nicholaos John Jones (2004). The Logic of Soku in the Kyoto School. Philosophy East and West 54 (3):302-321.
    Can contradictions be meaningful? How can one assert 'P soku not-P' or 'P and yet not-P' without sacrificing intelligibility? Expanding on previous attempts, mainly by Dilworth and Heisig, to demystify the soku connective, a formal system is presented here for the logic of soku. Through a formal distinction between internal and external negation, grammatical features of the soku connective are shown to be logically irrelevant, and the principle of non-contradiction is preserved. Disparities with traditional logic are noted, with a focus (...)
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  42.  33
    Nicholaos Jones, Resolving the Bayesian Problem of Idealization.
    In "Bayesian Confirmation of Theories that Incorporate Idealizations", Michael Shaffer argues that, in order to show how idealized hypotheses can be confirmed, Bayesians must develop a coherent proposal for how to assign prior probabilities to counterfactual conditionals. This paper develops a Bayesian reply to Shaffer's challenge that avoids the issue of how to assign prior probabilities to counterfactuals by treating idealized hypotheses as abstract descriptions. The reply allows Bayesians to assign non-zero degrees of confirmation to idealized hypotheses and to capture (...)
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  43.  19
    Neil D. Jones & Alan L. Selman (1974). Turing Machines and the Spectra of First-Order Formulas. Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (1):139-150.
  44.  27
    Nicholaos Jones (2008). Evidence and Falsification: Challenges to Gregory Peterson. Zygon 43 (3):599-604.
    In this reply to Gregory Peterson 's essay "Maintaining Respectability," which itself is a response to my "Is Theology Respectable as Metaphysics?" I elaborate upon my claims that theology treats God's existence as an absolute certainty immune to refutation and that modern science constitutes the canons of respectable reasoning for metaphysical disciplines. I conclude with some comments on Peterson 's "In Praise of Folly? Theology and the University.".
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  45.  2
    Laura Fanning, Nick Jones & Elizabeth Manias (forthcoming). Impact of Automated Dispensing Cabinets on Medication Selection and Preparation Error Rates in an Emergency Department: A Prospective and Direct Observational Before-and-After Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice:n/a-n/a.
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  46.  15
    Nicholas F. Jones (1989). From Popular Sovereignty to the Sovereignty of Law: Law, Society, and Politics in Fifth-Century Athens. Ancient Philosophy 9 (1):118-121.
  47.  25
    Nicholaos Jones, Against Pluralistic and Inexact Ontologies.
    The ontologies of scientific theories include a variety of objects: point-mass particles, rigid rods, frictionless planes, flat and curved spacetimes, perfectly spherical planets, continuous fluids, ideal gases, nonidentical but indistinguishable electrons, atoms, quarks and gluons, strong and weak nuclear forces, ideally rational agents, and so on. But the scientific community currently regards only some of these objects as real. According to Paul Teller, a group sometimes can be justified in regarding competing ontologies as real and the ontologies we are justified (...)
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  48.  13
    Arnaud Durand, Neil D. Jones, Johann A. Makowsky & Malika More (2012). Fifty Years of the Spectrum Problem: Survey and New Results. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (4):505-553.
    In 1952, Heinrich Scholz published a question in The Journal of Symbolic Logic asking for a characterization of spectra, i.e., sets of natural numbers that are the cardinalities of finite models of first order sentences. Günter Asser in turn asked whether the complement of a spectrum is always a spectrum. These innocent questions turned out to be seminal for the development of finite model theory and descriptive complexity. In this paper we survey developments over the last 50-odd years pertaining to (...)
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  49.  25
    Nicholaos John Jones (2004). The Logic of Soku in the Kyoto School. Philosophy East and West 54 (3):302-321.
    : Can contradictions be meaningful? How can one assert 'P soku not-P' or 'P and yet not-P' without sacrificing intelligibility? Expanding on previous attempts, mainly by Dilworth and Heisig, to demystify the soku connective, a formal system is presented here for the logic of soku. Through a formal distinction between internal and external negation, grammatical features of the soku connective are shown to be logically irrelevant, and the principle of non-contradiction is preserved. Disparities with traditional logic are noted, with a (...)
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  50.  1
    Nora L. Jones (2008). Bioethics in This Visual Century. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):57 – 58.
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