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  1. Noretta Koertge, The Feminist Critique [Repudiation] of Logic.
    Logic is the systematic study of patterns of correct inference. The first treatise on logic is Aristotle's Prior Analytics , written around 350 B.C. and there are remarkable similarities between the way he presented his theory of valid arguments and the way it is still taught today. He analyzes the form of various inferences and then illustrates them with concrete examples. He begins with very simple cases.
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  2. Noretta Koertge, We're Not in Kansas Anymore!
    When Renat and I were preparing for this session we noticed the following irony: Although each of us is dubious about the fruitfulness of trying to explain the development of science in terms of the local sociopolitical scene, we each agreed that when it comes to understanding the development of philosophy of science in the last few decades, then the sorts of factors focused on by “new age” approaches to science studies actually play a major role!
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  3. Noretta Koertge, Wrestling with the Social Constructor.
    In his Novum Organum, Francis Bacon presented a method of scientific inquiry that he hoped would root out "the idols and false notions which are now in possession of the human understanding" (Aphorism XXXVIII). Bacon argued that these sources of systematic delusion would continue to cause trouble "unless men, being forewarned of the danger, fortify themselves as far as may be against their assaults" (Ibid.). As the founders of the Royal Society began to design an institutional base for Bacon's dream (...)
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  4. Noretta Koertge, A Methodological Critique of the Semantic Conception of Theories.
    A new PhD slated to teach a beginning undergraduate course on scientific reasoning recently asked me to recommend topics. I launched into a description of my “baby-Popper-plus-statistics” class – give them enough deductive logic to understand the Duhemian problem, do the Galileo case study, use the notion of severe test to introduce a bit of probability theory, then segue to the problem of testing statistical hypotheses…. My interlocutor was looking impatient. “But I’m a strong adherent of the Semantic Conception of (...)
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  5. Noretta Koertge, Postmodernist Transformations of the Problem of Scientific Literacy.
    Postmodernist proposals for transforming science education would not only emphasize connections between science and society but also radically alter our conceptions of the value of experimentation and disinterested inquiry. I propose alternative loci for the study of science and society issues and argue for a less utilitarian vision of science literacy.
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  6. Noretta Koertge, Science and Multiculturalism.
    Over the past decade participants in these annual conferences have engaged in a thorough-going analysis of the relationships between science and culture, with special emphasis on the religious components of culture. Today I will focus on a new chapter in the long history of interactions between science and society at large. I want to analyze the antagonistic relations that have developed between science and the complex of ideas and values that can loosely be labelled as “multiculturalism”.
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  7. Noretta Koertge (forthcoming). Science in a Democratic Society, by Philip Kitcher. Mind:fzu010.
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  8. Noretta Koertge (2013). Belief Buddies Versus Critical Communities The Social Organization ofPseudoscience. In Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (eds.), Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. University of Chicago Press. 165.
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  9. Noretta Koertge (2013). Feyerabend, Feminism, and Philosophy. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):139-141.
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  10. Noretta Koertge (2010). How Should We Describe Scientific Change? Or : A Neo-Popperian Reads Friedman. In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
     
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  11. Noretta Koertge (2009). The Moral Underpinnings of Popper's Philosophy. In. In Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper. Springer. 323--338.
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  12. Noretta Koertge (ed.) (2008). Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Charles Scribner’s Sons.
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  13. Noretta Koertge (2008). Expanding Philosophy of Science Into the Moral Domain: Response to Brown and Kourany. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):779-785.
    Janet Kourany argues that philosophers of science should place more emphasis on the moral and political aspects of scientific research. As a possible site for philosophical intervention she discusses professional codes of ethics. James Brown describes various systemic problems in pharmaceutical research and proposes that socializing medical research is the best way to remedy the situation. I criticize each of their examples, but concur with many overall aspects of their expanded agenda for philosophy of science. †To contact the author, please (...)
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  14. Noretta Koertge (ed.) (2007). New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Thomson Gale.
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  15. Noretta Koertge (2007). The Science Wars. Minerva 45 (1):105-111.
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  16. Noretta Koertge (2005). A Bouquet of Scientific Values. In , Scientific Values and Civic Virtues. Oup Usa. 9--24.
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  17. Noretta Koertge (2005). Haacking Away at the Cynics. Metascience 14 (3):435-439.
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  18. Noretta Koertge (ed.) (2005). Scientific Values and Civic Virtues. OUP USA.
    There has been much debate recently about the relationship between science and politics. This volume of essays takes an affirming, positive view of the relationship between the values embodied in science (such as honesty and precision of language) and the nature of civil society. The contributors - who include philosophers, political scientists, feminist theorists, physicists and engineers - argue that science can broadly inspire the civic virtues of an educated and tolerant global enterprise dedicated to the common good.
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  19. Noretta Koertge (2005). What Science Can Offer Contemporary Democracy. In , Scientific Values and Civic Virtues. Oup Usa. 3.
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  20. Noretta Koertge (2004). How Might We Put Gender Politics Into Science? Philosophy of Science 71 (5):868-879.
    Feminist proposals for reforming scientific method often ask that political evaluations be introduced into the context of justification. How might this work in practice? Fausto‐Sterling's alternative conceptualization of biological sex is analyzed and criticized. We then use this case study to comment on recent work on the role of social values in science by Longino and Kitcher.
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  21. Noretta Koertge (2004). The Science Wars: Debating Scientific Knowledge and Technology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):185-188.
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  22. Noretta Koertge (2003). From the Editor. Philosophy of Science 70 (1).
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  23. Noretta Koertge, Janet A. Kourany, Ronald N. Giere, Peter Gildenhuys, Thomas A. C. Reydon, Stéphanie Ruphy, Samir Okasha, Jaakko Hintikka & John Symons (2003). 10. Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World (Pp. 105-125). [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 70 (1).
     
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  24. Noretta Koertge, Philip Kitcher, Helen E. Longino, Eva Jablonka, Sungsu Kim, Branden Fitelson & Gábor Hofer‐Szabó (2002). 10. Discussion Note: Distributed Cognition in Epistemic Cultures Discussion Note: Distributed Cognition in Epistemic Cultures (Pp. 637-644). [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 69 (4).
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  25. N. Koertge (2000). 'New Age' Philosophies of Science: Constructivism, Feminism and Postmodernism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):667-683.
    This paper surveys three controversial new directions in research about the nature of science and briefly summarizes both the intellectual and sociological impact of this work. A bibliographic introduction to the major literature is provided and some fruitful directions for future research are proposed. Philosophers of science are also exhorted to perform 'community service' by correcting misunderstandings of the methods of science fostered by these new approaches.
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  26. Noretta Koertge (ed.) (2000). A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science. OUP USA.
    Cultural critics say that 'science is politics by other means,' arguing that the results of scientific inquiry are profoundly shaped by the ideological agendas of powerful elites. Physicist Alan Sokal recently poked fun at these claims by foisting a sly parody of the genre on the unwitting editors of the cultural studies journal Social Text, touching off a still-unabated torrent of heated discussion. This hard-hitting collection picks up where Sokal left off. The essayists offer crisp and detailed critiques of case (...)
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  27. Noretta Koertge (2000). Science, Values, and the Value of Science. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):57.
    Protagonists in the so-called Science Wars differ most markedly in their views about the role of values in science and what makes science valuable. Scientists and philosophers of science have traditionally considered the principal aims of science to be explanation and application. Only cognitive values should influence what is taken to be explanatory. Social and political values affect the priority assigned to various scientific problems and the ways in which scientific results are applied. Ethical considerations may be brought to bear (...)
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  28. Noretta Koertge & Philip Kitcher (2000). Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Philosophy and the Social Aspects of Scientific Inquiry: Moving On From the Science Wars-Reviving the Sociology of Science. Philosophy of Science 67 (3).
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  29. N. Koertge (1999). Review. Belief and Resistance: Dynamics of Contemporary Intellectual Controversy. Barbara Herrnstein Smith. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):508-513.
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  30. Barbara Herrnstein Smith & Noretta Koertge (1999). Reviews-Belief and Resistance: Dynamics of Intellectual Controversy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):508-513.
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  31. Noretta Koertge (1997). Popper's Contributions to Our Understanding of Social Science. Foundations of Science 2 (2):365-370.
  32. Noretta Koertge (1997). Book Review:The Myth of the Framework: In Defence of Science and Rationality Karl R. Popper, M. A. Notturno. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 64 (1):182-.
  33. Noretta Koertge (1996). Toward an Integration of Content and Method in the Science Curriculum. Science and Education 5 (4):391-406.
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  34. Noretta Koertge (1993). Ideology, Heuristics and Rationality in the Context of Discovery. In. In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer. 125--136.
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  35. Noretta Koertge (1992). Explanation and its Problems. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):85-98.
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  36. Noretta Koertge (1992). Review: Explanation and Its Problems. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):85 - 98.
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  37. Noretta Koertge (1990). The Function of Credit in Hull's Evolutionary Model of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:237 - 244.
    This paper first argues that evolutionary models of conceptual development which are patterned on Darwinian selection are unlikely to solve the demarcation problem. The persistence of myths shows that in most social environments unfalsifiable ideas are more likely to survive than ones which can be subjected to empirical scrutiny. I then analyze Hull's claims about how the credit system operates in science and conclude with him that it can perform a surprising variety of functions. However I argue that the credit (...)
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  38. N. Koertge (1989). Stereotypes, Statistics, and Schemata in Freedom and Rationality. Essays in Honor of John Watkins. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 117:111-124.
     
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  39. Noretta Koertge (1989). Stereotypes, Statistics, and Schemata. In. In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality. Reidel. 111--124.
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  40. Noretta Koertge (1987). Methodological Bootstrapping. In Gerard Radnitzky (ed.), Centripetal Forces in the Sciences. Paragon House Publishers. 1--129.
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  41. Noretta Koertge (1987). On Explaining Beliefs. In. In Joseph Agassi & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Rationality: The Critical View. Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers. 309--315.
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  42. Noretta Koertge (1986). Reflections on Empirical, External and Ideological Studies of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:152 - 159.
    This paper points out the vagueness and methodological naivete of current anti-normative studies of science. The Tversky-Kahneman paradigm catalogues common 'mistakes' in statistical reasoning, but fails to describe and explain people's embarrassment when these 'mistakes' are pointed out to them. A comprehensive naturalistic account of science should not limit itself to the quick-and-dirty aspects of scientific practice. The semantic view of theories is faulted for failing to account for the processes of prediction and explanation. I also argue against Baltas' examples (...)
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  43. Noretta Koertge (1985). Beyond Cultural Relativism. In. In Gregory Currie & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Popper and the Human Sciences. Distributors for the United States and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers. 121--131.
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  44. Noretta Koertge (1985). On Explaining Beliefs. Erkenntnis 22 (1-3):175 - 186.
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  45. Noretta Koertge (1983). Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (2):313-316.
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  46. Noretta Koertge (1983). Theoretical Pluralism and Incommensurability. Philosophica 31.
  47. Noretta Koertge (1982). Explaining Scientific Discovery. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:14 - 28.
    Since philosophers of science have shown that discoveries cannot be predicted, how can historians of science explain them? The concept of discovery is explicated and what is required in order to provide a covering law explanation of past scientific discoveries is analyzed. The account relies on Hempel's model of genetic explanation, Popper's situational logic and Salmon's theory of statistical relevance. The Verstehen approach also plays an important role.
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  48. Noretta Koertge (1982). Rosenberg's Un-Kind Remarks About Social Science. Inquiry 25 (4):471 – 477.
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  49. Noretta Koertge (ed.) (1981). The Nature and Causes of Homosexuality: A Philosophic and Scientific Inquiry. Haworth Press.
    For a balanced discussion of the main social, medical, and philosophical aspects of homosexuality, here is the ideal book. Written by philosophers of science, each comprehensive chapter takes a critical look at research on the etiology of homosexuality. Read Philosophy and Homosexuality and examine the evidence for both the sociobiological and hormonal explanations of homosexuality and study the definitions of sexual orientation and how they have affected research.
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  50. Noretta Koertge (1980). Methodology, Ideology and Feminist Critiques of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:346 - 359.
    This paper deals with two questions. First, if all scientists were perfect Popperians, how much influence could their background values and experiences have? It is argued that background can play a role in problem choice and in the constructing and testing of hypotheses. Second, do the ideals of feminism suggest the need for a new methodology and epistemology for science? In answering this question, Harding's paper in this volume is discussed.
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