Search results for 'Names History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. João P. Leal (2014). The Forgotten Names of Chemical Elements. Foundations of Science 19 (2):175-183.score: 90.0
    Chemical elements are the bricks with which Chemistry is build. Their names had a history, but part of it is forgotten or barely known. In this article the forgotten, no more used, never used, and alternatively used names and symbols of the elements are reviewed, bringing to us some surprises and deeper knowledge about the richness of Chemistry. It should be stressed that chemical elements are important not only for chemists but for all people dealing with science. (...)
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  2. Klaus-Detlev Grothusen (1983). Conquerors and Indigenous Peoples. Geographical Loan Names and Their Importance in the History of South-East Europe in the First Millennium A. D. Philosophy and History 16 (2):184-185.score: 78.0
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  3. Andreas Willi (2008). Cows, Houses, Hooks: The Graeco-Semitic Letter Names as a Chapter in the History of the Alphabet. Classical Quarterly 58 (02):401-.score: 72.0
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  4. Mirna Velcic-Canivez (2012). Quelle Importance Ont les Noms d'Auteurs Dans le Discours Historique?The Importance of Authors Names in the Process of Writing History.The Knowledgeable, the Powerful and the Unknown. Cultura 29:157-178.score: 72.0
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  5. J. D. F. Gilchrist (1900). History of the Local Names of Cape Fish. Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society 11 (1):207-232.score: 72.0
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  6. Anne McClintock & Rob Nixon (1986). No Names Apart: The Separation of Word and History in Derrida's "Le Dernier Mot du Racisme". Critical Inquiry 13 (1):140.score: 72.0
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  7. J. B. Bury (1895). The History of the Names Hellas, Hellenes. Journal of Hellenic Studies 15:217.score: 72.0
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  8. Fredric L. Cheyette (1981). P. H. Sawyer, Ed., Names, Words and Graves: Early Medieval Settlement. Lectures Delivered in the University of Leeds, May 1978. Leeds, Eng.: School of History, University of Leeds, 1979. Paper. Pp. Vii, 93. £3.50.Actes du Xème Congrès des Historiens Médiévistes de l'Enseignement Supérieur Public, Lille-Villeneuve d'Ascq, 18–19 Mai 1979: Le Paysage Rural. Réalités Et Représentations.” (Numéro Spécial de la Revue du Nord, 62/244. Janvier-Mars, 1980.) Villeneuve d'Ascq: Université des Sciences Humaines, Lettres Et Arts. Paper. Pp. 319.Landscape History 1 (1979). Paper. Pp. 89; 28 Illustrations. May Be Ordered From the Editor, Dr. M. L. Faull, 3 Benjamin St., Wakefield, Eng. WF2 9AN.Lester J. Bilsky, Ed., Historical Ecology: Essays on Environment and Social Change. (National University Publications.) Port Washington, N.Y., and London: Kennikat Press, 1980. Pp. 195. $13.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 56 (3):677-678.score: 72.0
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  9. J. S. C. Eidinow (2000). A FIGURE IN A LANDSCAPE R. Jenkyns: Virgil's Experience. Nature and History: Times, Names and Places . Pp. Xiii + 712. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. Cased, £50. ISBN: 0-19-814033-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (02):440-.score: 72.0
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  10. Hugh Griffith (1998). Knowing the Names Watching Nature: A Mid-Atlantic Natural History Mark S. Garland. Bioscience 48 (3):203-206.score: 72.0
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  11. Hugh Griffith (1998). Knowing the Names Watching Nature: A Mid-Atlantic Natural History. Mark S. Garland. Illustrations by John Anderton. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1997. 270 Pp., Illus. $15.95 (ISBN 1-56098-742-1 Paper). [REVIEW] Bioscience 48 (3):203-206.score: 72.0
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  12. Bernard W. Henderson (1898). The Use of Place-Names in History. The Classical Review 12 (01):11-16.score: 72.0
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  13. Robert Woodhouse (2004). The Greek Prototypes of the City Names Sidon and Tyre: Evidence for Phonemically Distinct Initials in Proto-Semitic or for the History of Hebrew Vocalism? Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (2):237-248.score: 72.0
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  14. Timothy M. S. Baxter (1992). The Cratylus: Plato's Critique of Naming. E.J. Brill.score: 66.0
    This book aims to give a coherent interpretation of the whole dialogue, paying particular attention to these etymologies.The book discusses the rival theories ...
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  15. Scott A. Elias (2013). A Brief History of the Changing Occupations and Demographics of Coleopterists From the 18th Through the 20th Century. Journal of the History of Biology:1-30.score: 60.0
    Systematic entomology flourished as a branch of Natural History from the 1750s to the end of the nineteenth century. During this interval, the “era of Heroic Entomology,” the majority of workers in the field were dedicated amateurs. This article traces the demographic and occupational shifts in entomology through this 150-year interval and into the early twentieth century. The survey is based on entomologists who studied beetles (Coleoptera), and who named sufficient numbers of species to have their own names (...)
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  16. Plato (2011). Socrates and the Sophists: Plato's Protagoras, Euthydemus, Hippias Major and Cratylus. Focus Publishing/ R. Pullins Co..score: 60.0
    This is an English translation of four of Plato’s dialogue (Protagoras, Euthydemus, Hippias Major, and Cratylus) that explores the topic of sophistry and philosophy, a key concept at the source of Western thought. Includes notes and an introductory essay. Focus Philosophical Library translations are close to and are non-interpretative of the original text, with the notes and a glossary intending to provide the reader with some sense of the terms and the concepts as they were understood by Plato’s immediate audience.
     
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  17. Stéphane Mosès (2009). The Angel of History: Rosenzweig, Benjamin, Scholem. Stanford University Press.score: 54.0
    Franz Rosenzweig : the other side of the West -- Dissimilation -- Hegel taken literally -- Utopia and redemption -- Walter Benjamin : the three models of history -- Metaphors of origin : ideas, names, stars -- The esthetic model -- The angel of history -- Gershem Scholem : the secret history -- The paradoxes of messianism -- Kafka, Freud, and the crisis of tradition -- Language and secularization.
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  18. Jens Soentgen (2010). On the History and Prehistory of CO 2. Foundations of Chemistry 12 (2):137-148.score: 54.0
    I will trace the little known prehistory and parts of the better known history of CO 2 by investigating some of the names it has been given from Antiquity to the present day. In Antiquity, the words pneuma or spiritus letalis designated both a supernatural force and an exhalation that emanated from certain caves. We will see how CO 2 gradually came to be regarded as something natural, a gas and then substance.
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  19. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) (2009). The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 54.0
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; and the relationship between medical ethics (...)
     
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  20. Feng Cao (2008). A Return to Intellectual History: A New Approach to Pre-Qin Discourse on Name. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (2):213-228.score: 48.0
    Discussions of name (ming, ?) during the pre-Qin and Qin-Han period of Chinese history were very active. The concept ming at that time can be divided into two categories, one is the ethical-political meaning of the term and the other is the linguistic-logical understanding. The former far exceeds the latter in terms of overall influence on the development of Chinese intellectual history. But it is the latter that has received the most attention in the 20th century, due to (...)
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  21. Marzenna Cyzman (2009). Osobowe Nazwy Własne W Dziele Literackim Z Perspektywy Jego Ontologii. Wydawn. Nauk. Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika.score: 48.0
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  22. Gérard Petit (2009). La Dénomination: Approches Lexicologique Et Terminologique. Peeters.score: 48.0
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  23. Linda Martín Alcoff (2005). Latino Vs. Hispanic: The Politics of Ethnic Names. Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (4):395-407.score: 42.0
    The politics of ethnic names, such as ‘Latino’ and ‘Hispanic’, raises legitimate issues for three reasons: because non-political considerations of descriptive adequacy are insufficient to determine absolutely the question of names; political considerations may be germane to an ethnic name’s descriptive adequacy; and naming opens up the political question of a chosen furture, to which we are accountable. The history of colonial and neo-colonial conditions structuring the relations of the North, Central and South Americas is both critical (...)
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  24. David Boersema (2007). Geach on Proper Names. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:37-42.score: 42.0
    Recently, several philosophers of language have claimed that, at least in some respects, Peter Geach proposed a view about proper names that anticipated important features of the causal theory (or historical chain theory) that was later set forth by Saul Kripke and others. Quentin Smith, for example, in his essay, "Direct, Rigid Designation and A Posteriori Necessity: A History and Critique," says explicitly that "Geach (1969) ... originated the causal or 'historical chain' theory of names" (1999). In (...)
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  25. Dmitri Nikulin (2008). Memory and History. Idealistic Studies 38 (1/2):75-90.score: 42.0
    This article traces some modern conceptions of memory in history (Halbwachs, Nora), indirectly comparing them with the ancient poetic tradition of so-called “catalogue poetry.” In the discussion of memory and oblivion, I argue that history encompasses multiple histories rather than constituting one single teleological and universal history. Every history is produced by a historical narrative that follows and interprets what may be called the historical proper, which comprises lists of names of people, things, or events (...)
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  26. Janusz Kuczyński (2007). Part I: 7–8/2007 New Stage of Religious and Secular Universalisms: The Complementarity of Secular and Sacred Emerged From Historical Dialectics and the Spirit of Dialogue — Towards Metanoia and the Meanings of History; Part II: 12/2007: II. The Long Birth and Formation of Humanistic Secularism and the Breakthrough to New Universalism—Through Complementary Acceptance of Secularity and Sacrality. [REVIEW] Dialogue and Universalism 17 (12):139-147.score: 42.0
    1. The birth of dialogue from the spirit of the Polish October political uprising: From social civil war and simple exclusions (even physical) to negotiations andcomplicated “Dialogue of Contradictions” within national entity. Almost 25 years before the much later birth and international triumph of the Solidarity Union, the “Polish October” of 1956, history’s first victorious anti-Stalinist political uprising and most certainly a historical milestone for Poland—if not all of Europe—was the main harbinger of change in all fundamental spheres of (...)
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  27. Saul A. Kripke (ed.) (2011). Philosophical Troubles. Collected Papers Vol I. Oxford University Press.score: 36.0
    This important new book is the first of a series of volumes collecting essential work by an influential philosopher. It presents a mixture of published and unpublished works from various stages of Kripke's storied career. Included here are seminal and much discussed pieces such as “Identity and Necessity,” “Outline of a Theory of Truth,” and “A Puzzle About Belief.” More recent published work include “Russell's Notion of Scope” and “Frege's Theory of Sense and Reference” among others. Several of the works (...)
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  28. John Cottingham (ed.) (1994). Reason, Will, and Sensation: Studies in Descartes's Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.score: 36.0
    This collection of fourteen essays, all published here for the first time, offers a stimulating reassessment of the central theme of Descartes's metaphysics. The first section examines Descartes's place in the history of philosophy and his unique influence in shaping the nature of philosophical enquiry. The central sections of the book cover the Cartesian doctrine of substance, the place of God in Descartes's philosophy, and his views on the relationship between reason and will. A concluding section examines the problematice (...)
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  29. Andrea Bianchi & Alessandro Bonanini (2014). Is There Room for Reference Borrowing in Donnellan's Historical Explanation Theory? Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):175-203.score: 36.0
    Famously, both Saul Kripke and Keith Donnellan opposed description theories and insisted on the role of history in determining the reference of a proper name token. No wonder, then, that their views on proper names have often been assimilated. By focusing on reference borrowing—an alleged phenomenon that Kripke takes to be fundamental—we argue that they should not be. In particular, we claim that according to Donnellan a proper name token never borrows its reference from preceding tokens which it (...)
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  30. Barry Giesbrecht Jocelyn L. Sy, James C. Elliott (2013). Post-Perceptual Processing During the Attentional Blink is Modulated by Inter-Trial Task Expectancies. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 36.0
    The selective processing of goal-relevant information depends on an attention system that can flexibly adapt to changing task demands and expectations. Evidence from visual search tasks indicates that the perceptual selectivity of attention increases when the bottom-up demands of the task increase and when the expectations about task demands engendered by trial history are violated. Evidence from studies of the attentional blink (AB), which measures the temporal dynamics of attention, also indicates that perceptual selectivity during the AB is increased (...)
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  31. Anthony Burns (2011). Conceptual History and the Philosophy of the Later Wittgenstein: A Critique of Quentin Skinners Contextualist Method. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (1):54-83.score: 34.0
    Although first published in 1969, the methodological views advanced in Quentin Skinner's “Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas” remain relevant today. In his article Skinner suggests that it would be inappropriate to even attempt to write the history of any idea or concept. In support of this view, Skinner advances two arguments, one derived from the philosophy of the later Wittgenstein and the other from that of J. L. Austin. In this paper I focus on the (...)
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  32. Chen Bo (2011). Proper Names, Contingency A Priori and Necessity A Posteriori. History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (2):119 - 138.score: 30.0
    After a brief review of the notions of necessity and a priority, this paper scrutinizes Kripke's arguments for supposedly contingent a priori propositions and necessary a posteriori propositions involving proper names, and reaches a negative conclusion, i.e. there are no such propositions, or at least the propositions Kripke gives as examples are not such propositions. All of us, including Kripke himself, still have to face the old question raised by Hume, i.e. how can we justify the necessity and universality (...)
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  33. Elaine Maria Paiva de Andrade, Jean Faber & Luiz Pinguelli Rosa (2013). A Spontaneous Physics Philosophy on the Concept of Ether Throughout the History of Science: Birth, Death and Revival. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 18 (3):559-577.score: 30.0
    In the course of the history of science, some concepts have forged theoretical foundations, constituting paradigms that hold sway for substantial periods of time. Research on the history of explanations of the action of one body on another is a testament to the periodic revival of one theory in particular, namely, the theory of ether. Even after the foundation of modern Physics, the notion of ether has directly and indirectly withstood the test of time. Through a spontaneous physics (...)
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  34. R. J. Nelson (1992). Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object. Routledge.score: 30.0
    The problem of reference is central to the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and epistemology yet it remains largely unresolved. Naming and Reference explains the reference of lexical terms, with particular emphasis placed on proper names, demonstrative pronouns and personal pronouns. It examines such specific issues as: how to account for the reference of names that are empty or speculative, which abound in science and philosophy, and how to account for intentional reference as in "he took Mary to (...)
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  35. Christine J. Thomas (2008). Inquiry Without Names in Plato's Cratylus. Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (3):pp. 341-364.score: 30.0
    The interlocutors of Plato’s Cratylus agree that “it is far better to learn and to inquire from the things themselves than from their names” (439b6–8). Although surprisingly little attention has been paid to these remarks, at least some commentators view Plato as articulating a preference for direct, nonlinguistic cognitive access to the objects of inquiry. Another commentator takes Plato simply to recommend first-hand, yet linguistic, experience in addition to instruction from experts. This paper defends, in contrast to both (...)
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  36. Stephen P. Schwartz (2013). Mill and Kripke on Proper Names and Natural Kind Terms. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (5):925 - 945.score: 30.0
    Saul Kripke in his revolutionary and influential series of lectures from the early 1970s (later published as the book Naming and Necessity) famously resurrected John Stuart Mill's theory of proper names. Kripke at the same time rejected Mill's theory of general terms. According to Kripke, many natural kind terms do not fit Mill's account of general terms and are closer to proper names. Unfortunately, Kripke and his followers ignored key passages in Mill's A System of Logic in which (...)
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  37. M. Ereshefsky (2001). Names, Numbers and Indentations: A Guide to Post-Linnaean Taxonomy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (2):361-383.score: 30.0
    The vast majority of biological taxonomists use the Linnaean system when constructing classifications. Taxa are assigned Linnaean ranks and taxon names are devised according to the Linnaean rules of nomenclature. Unfortunately, the Linnaean system has become theoretically outdated. Moreover, its continued use causes a number of practical problems. This paper begins by sketching the ontological and practical problems facing the Linnaean system. Those problems are sufficiently pressing that alternative systems of classification should be investigated. A number of proposals for (...)
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  38. Xiaogang Ke (2006). A Phenomenological Reading of Hegel's Concept of History of Philosophy: An Analysis of “the Gallery of Opinions”, “the Gallery of Knowledge” and “the Gallery of Dresden”. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (1):51-59.score: 30.0
    From a phenomenological perspective of game-space and horizon, this paper tries to make a deconstructive reading of Hegel's "two galleries", namely, "the gallery of opinions" and "the gallery of knowledge", which are mentioned in the introduction of Hegel's Lectures on the History of Philosophy. The reading shows that the Game-space or the ab-gruendiger Grund of the Hegelian concept of philosophical history lies in an originally differencing space that is keeping in absence, which is called by Edmund Husserl and (...)
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  39. Christopher Eagle (2009). Right Names. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (1):57-75.score: 30.0
    In the Cratylus, Soc rates discusses with Cratylus and Hermogenes the question of whether names are merely arbitrary or in some sense ‘right,’ that is, motivated by the nature of the things they designate. In this article, I examine Heidegger’s controversial project of unearthing archē Greek terms in the specific light of the Cratylus and the tradition of “Cratylisms” which it has fostered. Having demonstrated the underlying Cratylist tendencies behind Heidegger’s conviction in the inherent ‘appropriateness’ of many Greek keywords, (...)
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  40. Nikos Kalampalikis, Sylvain Delouvée & Jean-Pierre Pétard (2006). Historical Spaces of Social Psychology. History of the Human Sciences 19 (2):23-43.score: 30.0
    An extensive analysis of all social psychology textbooks included a history chapter published in French between 1947 and 2001, provides a rich corpus for the study of the history of social psychology. Drawing upon this corpus, in this article we study the historical spaces of social psychology in order to show how the discipline was located in geographical, urban, institutional and collective spaces. We argue that spaces are essentially related to some solitary and consensual scholars' names without (...)
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  41. H. L. L. Busard (1997). Über die Entwicklung der Mathematik in Westeuropa zwischen 1100 und 1500. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 5 (1):211-235.score: 30.0
    The twelfth century was a period of transmission and absorption of Arabic learning though it filtered outside of the Arabic world as early as the second half of the tenth century. In general, the lure of Spain began to act only in the twelfth century, and the active impulse toward the spread of Arabic mathematics came from beyond the Pyrenees and from men of diverse origins. The chief names are Adelard of Bath, Robert of Chester, Hermann of Carinthia and (...)
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  42. James R. Jackson & William C. Kimler (1999). Taxonomy and the Personal Equation: The Historical Fates of Charles Girard and Louis Agassiz. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):509 - 555.score: 30.0
    The reputations of scientists among their contemporaries depend not only on accomplishment, but also on interactions affected by influence and personality. The historical lore of most fields of scientific endeavor preserve these reputations, often through the identification of founders, innovators, and prolific workers whose contributions are considered fundamental to progress in the field. Historians frequently rely on the historical lore of scientists to guide their studies of the development of ideas, exhibiting justifiable caution in reassessing reputations in the light of (...)
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  43. H. A. E. Zwart (forthcoming). From Playfulness and Self-Centredness Via Grand Expectations to Normalisation: A Psychoanalytical Rereading of the History of Molecular Genetics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-14.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I will reread the history of molecular genetics from a psychoanalytical angle, analysing it as a case history. Building on the developmental theories of Freud and his followers, I will distinguish four stages, namely: (1) oedipal childhood, notably the epoch of model building (1943–1953); (2) the latency period, with a focus on the development of basic skills (1953–1989); (3) adolescence, exemplified by the Human Genome Project, with its fierce conflicts, great expectations and grandiose claims (1989–2003) (...)
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  44. Harold Noonan (2013). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kripke and Naming and Necessity. Routledge.score: 30.0
    Saul Kripke is one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. His most celebrated work, Naming and Necessity , makes arguably the most important contribution to the philosophy of language and metaphysics in recent years. Asking fundamental questions – how do names refer to things in the world? Do objects have essential properties? What are natural kind terms and to what do they refer? – he challenges prevailing theories of language and conceptions of metaphysics, especially the descriptivist (...)
     
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  45. Christian Schäfer (2006). Philosophy of Dionysius the Areopagite: An Introduction to the Structure and the Content of the Treatise on the Divine Names. Brill.score: 30.0
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  46. Kevin Queiroz (1992). Phylogenetic Definitions and Taxonomic Philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):295-313.score: 28.0
    An examination of the post-Darwinian history of biological taxonomy reveals an implicit assumption that the definitions of taxon names consist of lists of organismal traits. That assumption represents a failure to grant the concept of evolution a central role in taxonomy, and it causes conflicts between traditional methods of defining taxon names and evolutionary concepts of taxa. Phylogenetic definitions of taxon names (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) grant the concept of common ancestry a central role in (...)
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  47. Kevin De Queiroz (1992). Phylogenetic Definitions and Taxonomic Philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):295-313.score: 28.0
    An examination of the post-Darwinian history of biological taxonomy reveals an implicit assumption that the definitions of taxon names consist of lists of organismal traits. That assumption represents a failure to grant the concept of evolution a central role in taxonomy, and it causes conflicts between traditional methods of defining taxon names and evolutionary concepts of taxa. Phylogenetic definitions of taxon names (de Queiroz and Gauthier 1990) grant the concept of common ancestry a central role in (...)
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  48. J. Simon (1999). Naming and Toxicity: A History of Strychnine. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 30 (4):505-525.score: 26.0
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  49. Thomas Osborne & Nikolas Rose (1997). In the Name of Society, or Three Theses on the History of Social Thought. History of the Human Sciences 10 (3):87-104.score: 26.0
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  50. Edmund Berkeley (1970). The History of the Naming of the Loblolly Bay. Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):149 - 154.score: 26.0
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