117 found
Sort by:
  1. Nancy Cartwright & Damien Fennell, Should Evidence Be Probable? A Comment on Roush.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. John Pemberton & Nancy Cartwright (2014). Ceteris Paribus Laws Need Machines to Generate Them. Erkenntnis 79 (10):1745-1758.
    Most of the regularities that get represented as ‘laws’ in our sciences arise from, and are to be found regularly associated with, the successful operation of a nomological machine. Reference to the nomological machine must be included in the cp-clause of a cp-law if the entire cp-claim is to be true. We agree, for example, ‘ceteris paribus aspirins cure headaches’, but insist that they can only do so when swallowed by someone with the right physiological makeup and a headache. Besides (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Nancy Cartwright (2013). Evidence, Argument and Prediction. In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. 3--17.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Nancy Cartwright (2012). Presidential Address: Will This Policy Work for You? Predicting Effectiveness Better: How Philosophy Helps. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):973-989.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Nancy Cartwright (2012). RCTs, Evidence and Predicting Policy Effectiveness. In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press. 298.
  6. Menno Rol & Nancy Cartwright (2012). Warranting the Use of Causal Claims. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):189-202.
    To what use can causal claims established in good policy studies be put? We isolate two reasons inferences from study to target fail. First, policy variables do not produce results on their own; they need helping factors. The distribution of helping factors is likely to be unique or local for each study, so one cannot expect external validity to be all that common. Second, researchers often give too concrete a description of the cause in the study for it to carry (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Nancy Cartwright (2011). Predicting 'It Will Work for Us': (Way) Beyond Statistics. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oup Oxford.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Nancy Cartwright & Sophia Efstathiou (2011). Hunting Causes and Using Them: Is There No Bridge From Here to There? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):223 - 241.
    Causation is in trouble?at least as it is pictured in current theories in philosophy and in economics as well, where causation is also once again in fashion. In both disciplines the accounts of causality on offer are either modelled too closely on one or another favoured method for hunting causes or on assumptions about the uses to which causal knowledge can be put?generally for predicting the results of our efforts to change the world. The first kind of account supplies no (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Nancy Cartwright & Jacob Stegenga (2011). A Theory of Evidence for Evidence-Based Policy. In Philip Dawid, William Twining & Mimi Vasilaki (eds.), Evidence, Inference and Enquiry. Oup/British Academy. 291.
  10. Sheldon Steed, Gabriele Contessa & Nancy Cartwright (2011). Keeping Track of Neurath's Bill: Abstract Concepts, Stock Models, and the Unity of Classical Physics. In Olga Pombo, John Symons & Juan Manuel Torres (eds.), Otto Neurath and the Unity of Science. Kluwer.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Nancy Cartwright (2010). Comments on Longworth and Weber. [REVIEW] Analysis 70 (2):325-330.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Nancy Cartwright (2010). Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics • by N Ancy C Artwright. Analysis 70 (2):307-310.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Nancy Cartwright, Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics - Summary.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Nancy Cartwright (2010). Reply to Steel and Pearl Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics , Nancy Cartwright. Cambridge University Press, 2008, X + 270 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 26 (1):87-94.
  15. Nancy Cartwright (2010). Summary. [REVIEW] Analysis 70 (2):307 - 310.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Nancy Cartwright (2010). What Are Randomised Controlled Trials Good For? Philosophical Studies 147 (1):59 - 70.
    Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are widely taken as the gold standard for establishing causal conclusions. Ideally conducted they ensure that the treatment ‘causes’ the outcome—in the experiment. But where else? This is the venerable question of external validity. I point out that the question comes in two importantly different forms: Is the specific causal conclusion warranted by the experiment true in a target situation? What will be the result of implementing the treatment there? This paper explains how the probabilistic theory (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Nancy Cartwright & Eileen Munro (2010). The Limitations of Randomized Controlled Trials in Predicting Effectiveness. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):260-266.
    What kinds of evidence reliably support predictions of effectiveness for health and social care interventions? There is increasing reliance, not only for health care policy and practice but also for more general social and economic policy deliberation, on evidence that comes from studies whose basic logic is that of JS Mill's method of difference. These include randomized controlled trials, case–control studies, cohort studies, and some uses of causal Bayes nets and counterfactual-licensing models like ones commonly developed in econometrics. The topic (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Damien Fennell & Nancy Cartwright (2010). Does Roush Show That Evidence Should Be Probable? Synthese 175 (3):289 - 310.
    This paper critically analyzes Sherrilyn Roush's (Tracking truth: knowledge, evidence and science, 2005) definition of evidence and especially her powerful defence that in the ideal, a claim should be probable to be evidence for anything. We suggest that Roush treats not one sense of 'evidence' but three: relevance, leveraging and grounds for knowledge; and that different parts of her argument fare differently with respect to different senses. For relevance, we argue that probable evidence is sufficient but not necessary for Roush's (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. James W. McAllister, Lars Bergström, James Robert Brown, Martin Carrier, Nancy Cartwright, Jiwei Ci, David Davies, Catherine Elgin, Márta Fehér & Michel Ghins (2010). First Page Preview. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (4).
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Nancy Cartwright (2009). Causality, Invariance, and Policy. In Harold Kincaid & Don Ross (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics. Oxford University Press. 410--421.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Nancy Cartwright (2009). Causal Laws, Policy Predictions, and the Need for Genuine Powers. In Toby Handfield (ed.), Dispositions and Causes. Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press ;.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Nancy Cartwright (2009). Evidence-Based Policy: What's to Be Done About Relevance? [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 143 (1):127 - 136.
    How can philosophy of science be of more practical use? One thing we can do is provide practicable advice about how to determine when one empirical claim is relevant to the truth of another; i.e., about evidential relevance. This matters especially for evidence-based policy, where advice is thin—and misleading—about how to tell what counts as evidence for policy effectiveness. This paper argues that good efficacy results (as in randomized controlled trials), which are all the rage now, are only a very (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Nancy Cartwright (2009). How To Do Things With Causes. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 83 (2):5 - 22.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Nancy Cartwright (2009). If No Capacities Then No Credible Worlds. But Can Models Reveal Capacities? Erkenntnis 70 (1):45 - 58.
    This paper argues that even when simple analogue models picture parallel worlds, they generally still serve as isolating tools. But there are serious obstacles that often stop them isolating in just the right way. These are obstacles that face any model that functions as a thought-experiment but they are especially pressing for economic models because of the paucity of economic principles. Because of the paucity of basic principles, economic models are rich in structural assumptions. Without these no interesting conclusions can (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Nancy Cartwright (2009). What is This Thing Called "Efficacy"? In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. 185.
  26. Nancy Cartwright, Another Philosopher Looks at Quantum Mechanics.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Nancy Cartwright, Against 'The System'.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Nancy Cartwright, Introduction.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Nancy Cartwright (2008). In Praise of the Representation Theorem. In W. K. Essler & M. Frauchiger (eds.), Representation, Evidence, and Justification: Themes From Suppes. Ontos Verlag. 83--90.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Nancy Cartwright, No God, No Laws.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Nancy Cartwright, Reply.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Nancy Cartwright (2008). Reply to Christoph Schmidt-Petri. In Nancy Cartwright, Stephan Hartmann, Carl Hoefer & Luc Bovens (eds.), Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge. 303--304.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Nancy Cartwright (2008). Reply to Daniela Bailer-Jones. In Nancy Cartwright, Stephan Hartmann, Carl Hoefer & Luc Bovens (eds.), Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge. 38--40.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Nancy Cartwright, Reply to P. Andersons Review of "The Dappled World".
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Nancy Cartwright (2008). Reply to Ulrich Gähde. In Nancy Cartwright, Stephan Hartmann, Carl Hoefer & Luc Bovens (eds.), Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge. 65--6.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Nancy Cartwright, What Made the Ratman Sick?
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Nancy Cartwright, Stephan Hartmann, Carl Hoefer & Luc Bovens (eds.) (2008). Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    Nancy Cartwright is one of the most distinguished and influential contemporary philosophers of science. Despite the profound impact of her work, until now there has not been a systematic exposition of Cartwright's philosophy of science nor a collection of articles that contains in-depth discussions of the major themes of her philosophy. This book is devoted to a critical assessment of Cartwright's philosophy of science and contains contributions from Cartwright's champions and critics. Broken into three parts, the book begins by addressing (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Nancy Cartwright & J. Reiss, Uncertainty in Econometrics: Evaluating Policy Counterfactuals.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Nancy Cartwright (2007). Are Rcts the Gold Standard? Biosocieties 1:11-20.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Nancy Cartwright (2007). 10 Counterfactuals in Economics: A Commentary. In J. K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke & H. S. Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation. Mit Press. 4--191.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Nancy Cartwright (2007). Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics. Cambridge University Press.
    Hunting Causes and Using Them argues that causation is not one thing, as commonly assumed, but many. There is a huge variety of causal relations, each with different characterizing features, different methods for discovery and different uses to which it can be put. In this collection of new and previously published essays, Nancy Cartwright provides a critical survey of philosophical and economic literature on causality, with a special focus on the currently fashionable Bayes-nets and invariance methods – and it exposes (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Nancy Cartwright (2007). Why Be Hanged for Even a Lamb? In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Mauricio Suárez & Nancy Cartwright (2007). Theories: Tools Versus Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (1):62-81.
    In “The Toolbox of Science” (1995) together with Towfic Shomar we advocated a form of instrumentalism about scientific theories. We separately developed this view further in a number of subsequent works. Steven French, James Ladyman, Otavio Bueno and Newton Da Costa (FLBD) have since written at least eight papers and a book criticising our work. Here we defend ourselves. First we explain what we mean in denying that models derive from theory – and why their failure to do so should (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Nancy Cartwright (2006). From Metaphysics to Method: Comments on Manipulability and the Causal Markov Condition. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):197-218.
    Daniel Hausman and James Woodward claim to prove that the causal Markov condition, so important to Bayes-nets methods for causal inference, is the ‘flip side’ of an important metaphysical fact about causation—that causes can be used to manipulate their effects. This paper disagrees. First, the premise of their proof does not demand that causes can be used to manipulate their effects but rather that if a relation passes a certain specific kind of test, it is causal. Second, the proof is (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Nancy Cartwright (2006). Where is the Theory in Our “Theories” of Causality? Journal of Philosophy 103 (2):55-66.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Nancy Cartwright (2006). Well‐Ordered Science: Evidence for Use. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):981-990.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Nancy Cartwright (2005). Another Philosopher Looks at Quantum Mechanics, or What Quantum Theory Is Not. In Yemima Ben-Menahem (ed.), Hilary Putnam. Cambridge University Press.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Nancy Cartwright, Anna Alexandrova, Andrew Hamilton Sophia Efstathiou & Ioan Muntean (2005). Laws. In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Nancy Cartwright (2004). Causation: One Word, Many Things. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):805-819.
    We currently have on offer a variety of different theories of causation. Many are strikingly good, providing detailed and plausible treatments of exemplary cases; and all suffer from clear counterexamples. I argue that, contra Hume and Kant, this is because causation is not a single, monolithic concept. There are different kinds of causal relations imbedded in different kinds of systems, readily described using thick causal concepts. Our causal theories pick out important and useful structures that fit some familiar cases—cases we (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 117