Search results for 'Nathan Bauer' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Nathan Bauer (Rowan College of New Jersey)
  1. Nathan Bauer (2010). Kant's Subjective Deduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (3):433-460.score: 240.0
    In the transcendental deduction, the central argument of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant seeks to secure the objective validity of our basic categories of thought. He distinguishes objective and subjective sides of this argument. The latter side, the subjective deduction, is normally understood as an investigation of our cognitive faculties. It is identified with Kant’s account of a threefold synthesis involved in our cognition of objects of experience, and it is said to precede and ground Kant’s proof of the (...)
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  2. Nathan Bauer (2012). A Peculiar Intuition: Kant's Conceptualist Account of Perception. Inquiry 55 (3):215-237.score: 240.0
    Abstract Both parties in the active philosophical debate concerning the conceptual character of perception trace their roots back to Kant's account of sensible intuition in the Critique of Pure Reason. This striking fact can be attributed to Kant's tendency both to assert and to deny the involvement of our conceptual capacities in sensible intuition. He appears to waver between these two positions in different passages, and can thus seem thoroughly confused on this issue. But this is not, in fact, the (...)
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  3. Brigitte L. M. Bauer (1995). The Emergence and Development of Svo Patterning in Latin and French: Diachronic and Psycholinguistic Perspectives. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This book analyzes--in terms of branching--the pervasive reorganization of Latin syntactic and morphological structures: in the development from Latin to French, a shift can be observed from the archaic, left-branching structures (which Latin inherited from Proto-Indo-European) to modern right-branching equivalents. Brigitte Bauer presents a detailed analysis of this development based on the theoretical discussion and definition of "branching" and "head." Subsequently she relates the diachronic shift to psycholinguistic evidence, arguing that the difficuly of LB complex structures as reflected in (...)
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  4. N. M. L. Nathan (2001). The Price of Doubt. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Are any of our beliefs justified? Are they rational? The skeptic thinks that our epistemic justifications are undeserved. Nicholas Nathan confronts the skeptic and questions the value of his argument. Skeptical arguments are against justified and rational belief as well as for ignorance. Nathan argues that the truth value of trivial arguments are a matter of indifference. He tests this conjecture with a varied collection of counterexamples: arguments for ignorance, neo-Cartesian and infinite regress arguments, and also more critically (...)
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  5. Nancy Bauer (2001). Simone de Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Feminism. Columbia University Press.score: 60.0
    " Nancy Bauer begins her book by asking: "Then what kind of a problem does being a woman pose?
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  6. Steve Awodey & Audrej Bauer, Sheaf Toposes for Realizability.score: 60.0
    Steve Awodey and Audrej Bauer. Sheaf Toposes for Realizability.
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  7. N. M. L. Nathan (1980). Evidence and Assurance. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    A systematic study of rational or justified belief, which throws fresh light on current debates about foundations and coherence theories of knowledge, the validation of induction and moral scepticism. Dr Nathan focuses attention on the largely unsatisfiable desires for active and self-conscious assurance of truth liable to be engendered by philosophical reflection about total belief-systems and the sources of knowledge. He extracts a kernel of truth from the doctrine that a regress of justification is both necessary and impossible, contrasts (...)
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  8. Hans-Martin Sass & Ihr B. Bauer (1967). Bruno Bauers Idee der "Rheinischen Zeitung". Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 19 (4):321-332.score: 60.0
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  9. N. M. L. Nathan (1992). Will and World. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Beneath metaphysical problems there often lies a conflict between what we want to be true and what we believe to be true. Nathan provides a general account of the resolution of this conflict as a philosophical objective, showing that there are ways of thinking it through systematically with a view to resolving or alleviating it. The author also studies in detail a set of interrelated conflicts about the freedom and the reality of the will. He shows how difficult it (...)
     
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  10. William A. Bauer (2010). The Ontology of Pure Dispositions. Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincolnscore: 30.0
    This dissertation defends and develops the thesis that some instances, or tokens, of dispositional properties are pure. A pure disposition has no causal basis in any further properties beyond the disposition. A causal basis typically consists of some set of properties underlying a disposition that enables the disposition to manifest when stimulated in the appropriate circumstances. For example, a vase is fragile because it is disposed to break when a hammer or other suitable object strikes it, where the causal basis (...)
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  11. Mark Bauer (2010). Psychological Laws (Revisited). Erkenntnis 73 (1):41 - 53.score: 30.0
    It has been suggested that a functionalist understanding of the metaphysics of psychological typing eliminates the prospect for psychological laws. Kim, Millikan, and Shapiro have each separately argued that, if psychological types as functional types are multiply realized, then the diversity of realizing mechanisms demonstrates that there can be no laws of psychology. Additionally, Millikan has argued that the role of functional attribution in the explanation of historical kinds limits the formulation of psychological principles to particular taxa; hence, psychological laws (...)
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  12. N. M. L. Nathan (2005). Direct Realism: Proximate Causation and the Missing Object. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 20 (36):3-6.score: 30.0
    Direct Realists believe that perception involves direct awareness of an object not dependent for its existence on the perceiver. Howard Robinson rejects this doctrine in favour of a Sense-Datum theory of perception. His argument against Direct Realism invokes the principle ‘same proximate cause, same immediate effect’. Since there are cases in which direct awareness has the same proximate cerebral cause as awareness of a sense datum, the Direct Realist is, he thinks, obliged to deny this causal principle. I suggest that (...)
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  13. William A. Bauer (2011). An Argument for the Extrinsic Grounding of Mass. Erkenntnis 74 (1):81-99.score: 30.0
    Several philosophers of science and metaphysicians claim that the dispositional properties of fundamental particles, such as the mass, charge, and spin of electrons, are ungrounded in any further properties. It is assumed by those making this argument that such properties are intrinsic, and thus if they are grounded at all they must be grounded intrinsically. However, this paper advances an argument, with one empirical premise and one metaphysical premise, for the claim that mass is extrinsically grounded and is thus an (...)
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  14. Mark Bauer (2009). Normativity Without Artifice. Philosophical Studies 144 (2):239-259.score: 30.0
    To ascribe a telos is to ascribe a norm or standard of performance. That fact underwrites the plausibility of, say, teleological theories of mind. Teleosemantics, for example, relies on the normative character of teleology to solve the problem of “intentional inexistence”: a misrepresentation is just a malfunction. If the teleological ascriptions of such theories to natural systems, e.g., the neurological structures of the brain, are to be literally true, then it must be literally true that norms can exist independent of (...)
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  15. Nancy Bauer (2012). Essai Sur Beauvoir, Cavell, Etc. [An Essay Concerning Beauvoir, Cavell, Etc.]. In Eliane Lecarme-Tabone & Jean-Louis Jeannelle (eds.), Cahiers de L'Herne: Beauvoir. L'Herne.score: 30.0
    The link is to an expanded, English version of this essay.
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  16. Christopher Nathan (2011). Need There Be a Defence of Equality? Winner of the 2010 Postgraduate Essay Prize. Res Publica 17 (3):211-225.score: 30.0
    There is an apparent problem in identifying a basis for equality. This problem vanishes if what I call the ‘intuited response’ is successful. According to this response, there is no further explanation of the significance of the feature in virtue of which an individual matters, beyond the bare fact that it is the feature in virtue of which an individual matters. I argue against this claim, and conclude that if the problem of identifying a basis for equality is to be (...)
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  17. R. Bauer (2004). In Search of a Neural Signature of Consciousness: Facts, Hypotheses, and Proposals. Synthese 141 (2):233-45.score: 30.0
  18. Daniel O. Nathan (1982). Irony and the Artist's Intentions. British Journal of Aesthetics 22 (3):245-256.score: 30.0
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  19. Henry H. Bauer (2003). The Progress of Science and Implications for Science Studies and for Science Policy. Perspectives on Science 11 (2):236-278.score: 30.0
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  20. Nancy Bauer (2001). Being-with as Being-Against: Heidegger Meets Hegel in the Second Sex. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 34 (2):129-149.score: 30.0
    In this paper I attempt to further the case, made in recent years by Eva Gothlin, that readers interested in a philosophical return to Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex have good reason to heed Beauvoir's appropriation of central concepts from Heidegger's Being and Time. I speculate about why readers have been hesitant to acknowledge Heidegger's influence on Beauvoir and show that her infrequent though, I argue, important use of the Heideggarian neologism Mitsein in The Second Sex makes inadequate sense (...)
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  21. Dominique Bauer (2006). Homosexuality Within the Context of Social Institutionalisation and Moral Sense. Ethical Perspectives 13 (1):61-89.score: 30.0
  22. Marco J. Nathan (2012). The Varieties of Molecular Explanation. Philosophy of Science 79 (2):233-254.score: 30.0
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  23. Mark Bauer (2013). Multiple Realizability, Constraints, and Identity. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (4):446-464.score: 30.0
    Shapiro has suggested that the empirical plausibility of the multiple realizability of human-like minds is dubious, because a contrary thesis, the Mental Constraint Thesis, enjoys positive empirical evidence. The Mental Constraint Thesis states that, given the actual physical laws, there is only one way to realize a human-like mind. I will suggest, however, that the Mental Constraint Thesis is not a contrary to the empirical multiple realizability thesis relevant to psychological reduction or autonomy and, as a consequence, has no bearing (...)
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  24. William A. Bauer (2013). Dispositional Essentialism and the Nature of Powerful Properties. Disputatio 5 (35).score: 30.0
    Dispositional essentialism maintains that all sparse properties are essentially powerful. Two conceptions of sparse properties appear compatible with dispositional essentialism: sparse properties as pure powers or as powerful qualities. This paper compares the two views, criticizes the powerful qualities view, and then develops a new theory of pure powers, termed Point Theory. This theory neutralizes the main advantage powerful qualities appear to possess over pure powers—explaining the existence of powers during latency periods. The paper discusses the relation between powers and (...)
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  25. N. M. L. Nathan (2010). Exclusion and Sufficient Reason. Philosophy 85 (3):391-397.score: 30.0
    I argue for two principles by combining which we can construct a sound cosmological argument. The first is that for any true proposition p's if 'there is an explanation for p's truth' is consistent then there is an explanation for p's truth. The second is a modified version of the principle that for any class, if there is an explanation for the non-emptiness ofthat class, then there is at least one non-member ofthat class which causes it not to be empty.
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  26. Rudolph Bauer (2012). Undying and Unborn and Unbound Base of Space and Light. Transmission 1 (Awareness).score: 30.0
    This paper focuses on the base of awareness as space and light.
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  27. N. M. L. Nathan (2006). Jewish Monotheism and the Christian God. Religious Studies 42 (1):75-85.score: 30.0
    Some Christians combine a doctrine about Christ which implies that there is more than one divine self with the doctrine that God revealed to the Jews a monotheism according to which there is just one divine self. I suggest that it is less costly for such Christians to achieve consistency by abandoning the second of these doctrines than to achieve it by abandoning the first.
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  28. Sebastian Schleidgen, Michael C. Jungert & Robert H. Bauer (2010). Mission: Impossible? On Empirical-Normative Collaboration in Ethical Reasoning. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (1):59 - 73.score: 30.0
    During the 1980s, empirical social sciences and normative theory seemingly converged within ethical debates. This tendency kindled new debates about the limits and possibilities of empirical-normative collaboration. The article asks for adequate ways of collaboration by taking a closer look at the philosophy of science of empirical social sciences as well as normative theory development and its logical groundings. As a result, three possible modes of cooperation are characterized: first, the empirical assessment of conditions that actually necessitate the translation of (...)
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  29. Nancy F. Bauer (1987). Advaita Vedānta and Contemporary Western Ethics. Philosophy East and West 37 (1):36-50.score: 30.0
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  30. N. M. L. Nathan (1991). Mctaggart's Immaterialism. Philosophical Quarterly 41 (165):442-456.score: 30.0
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  31. L. Tarzia, D. Fetherstonhaugh & M. Bauer (2012). Dementia, Sexuality and Consent in Residential Aged Care Facilities. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):609-613.score: 30.0
    Sexual self-determination is considered a fundamental human right by most of us living in Western societies. While we must abide by laws regarding consent and coercion, in general we expect to be able to engage in sexual behaviour whenever, and with whomever, we choose. For older people with dementia living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs), however, the issue becomes more complex. Staff often struggle to balance residents' rights with their duty of care, and negative attitudes towards older people's sexuality (...)
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  32. Marco J. Nathan & Andrea Borghini (2014). Development and Natural Kinds. Synthese 191 (3):539-556.score: 30.0
    While philosophers tend to consider a single type of causal history, biologists distinguish between two kinds of causal history: evolutionary history and developmental history. This essay studies the peculiarity of development as a criterion for the individuation of biological traits and its relation to form, function, and evolution. By focusing on examples involving serial homologies and genetic reprogramming, we argue that morphology (form) and function, even when supplemented with evolutionary history, are sometimes insufficient to individuate traits. Developmental mechanisms bring in (...)
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  33. N. M. L. Nathan (2004). Stoics and Sceptics: A Reply to Brueckner. Analysis 64 (283):264–268.score: 30.0
  34. Daniel O. Nathan (2005). A Paradox in Intentionalism. British Journal of Aesthetics 45 (1):32-48.score: 30.0
    I argue that intentionalism in aesthetics and in legal interpretation is vulnerable to a different sort of criticism than is found in the voluminous literature on the topic. Specifically, a kind of paradox arises for the intentionalist out of recognition of a second-order intention embedded in the social practices that characterize both art and law. The paper shows how this second-order intention manifests itself in each of the two enterprises, and argues that its presence entails the overriding centrality of the (...)
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  35. Marco J. Nathan (2013). A Simulacrum Account of Dispositional Properties. Noûs 47 (4):n/a-n/a.score: 30.0
    This essay presents a model-theoretic account of dispositional properties, according to which dispositions are not ordinary properties of real entities; dispositions capture the behavior of abstract, idealized models. This account has several payoffs. First, it saves the simple conditional analysis of dispositions. Second, it preserves the general connection between dispositions and regularities, despite the fact that some dispositions are not grounded in actual regularities. Finally, it brings together the analysis and the explanation of dispositions under a unified framework.
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  36. N. M. L. Nathan (1982). Conscious Belief. Analysis 42 (March):90-93.score: 30.0
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  37. N. M. L. Nathan & Gabriel Uzquiano (2005). Metaphysics. Philosophical Books 46 (3):268-271.score: 30.0
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  38. Nancy Bauer (2011). Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.score: 30.0
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  39. N. M. L. Nathan (1997). Naturalism and Self-Defeat: Plantinga's Version. Religious Studies 33 (2):135-142.score: 30.0
    In "Warrant and Proper Function" Plantinga argues that atheistic Naturalism is self-defeating. What is the probability that our cognitive faculties are reliable, given this Naturalism and an evolutionary explanation of their origins? Plantinga argues that if the Naturalist is modest enough to believe that it is irrational to have any belief as to the value of this probability, then he is irrational even to believe his own Naturalism. I suggest that Plantinga's argument has a false premise, and that even if (...)
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  40. Daniel O. Nathan (1990). Skepticism and Legal Interpretation. Erkenntnis 33 (2):165 - 189.score: 30.0
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  41. Marco J. Nathan (2014). Causation by Concentration. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2):191-212.score: 30.0
    This essay is concerned with concentrations of entities, which play an important—albeit often overlooked—role in scientific explanation. First, I discuss an example from molecular biology to show that concentrations can play an irreducible causal role. Second, I provide a preliminary philosophical analysis of this causal role, suggesting some implications for extant theories of causation. I conclude by introducing the concept of causation by concentration, a form of statistical causation whose widespread presence throughout the sciences has been unduly neglected and which (...)
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  42. N. M. L. Nathan (1997). Admiration: A New Obstacle. Philosophy 72 (281):453 - 459.score: 30.0
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  43. Frederick R. Bauer (2004). The Essence of Ethics. Ambassador Books, Inc..score: 30.0
    The framework -- The universe without (human) morality -- Preparing the stage for morality -- Getting closer : pre-game decisions about the rules -- Crossing the threshold of moral good and evil -- Qualifying as a sinner -- Qualifying as morally virtuous -- Motives distinguished from consequences -- Consequences -- Motives -- Three major motives -- Self regard -- Duty or obligation -- Altruistic love -- Why duty and altruistic love should be combined -- Degrees of moral goodness -- The (...)
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  44. Christian Bauer (1978). A Reflection on Universal Grammars. Synthese 37 (2):239 - 251.score: 30.0
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  45. Daniel O. Nathan (1973). Categories and Intentions. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (4):539-541.score: 30.0
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  46. N. M. L. Nathan (1975). Compatibilism and Natural Necessity. Mind 84 (April):277-280.score: 30.0
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  47. N. M. L. Nathan (2001). Knowledge and its Limits by Timothy Williamson, Oxford University Press, 2000, Pp. XI + 340, £25. Philosophy 76 (3):460-475.score: 30.0
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  48. Amos Nathan (1984). The Fallacy of Intrinsic Distributions. Philosophy of Science 51 (4):677-684.score: 30.0
    Jaynes contends that in many statistical problems a seemingly indeterminate probability distribution is made unique by the transformation group of necessarily implied invariance properties, thereby justifying the principle of indifference. To illustrate and substantiate his claims he considers Bertrand's Paradox. These assertions are here refuted and the traditional attitude is vindicated.
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  49. Gordon B. Bauer & Heidi E. Harley (2001). The Mimetic Dolphin. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):326-327.score: 30.0
    Rendell and Whitehead note the necessary, complementary relationship between field and laboratory studies in other species, but conclude their article by de-emphasizing the role of laboratory findings in cetacean research. The ambiguity in field studies of cetaceans should argue for greater reliance on the laboratory, which has provided much of the available research supporting the hypothesis of cetacean culture.
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