Search results for 'Natural Method' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kenneth J. Sufka & Derek D. Turner (2005). An Evolutionary Account of Chronic Pain: Integrating the Natural Method in Evolutionary Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):243-257.score: 240.0
    This paper offers an evolutionary account of chronic pain. Chronic pain is a maladaptive by-product of pain mechanisms and neural plasticity, both of which are highly adaptive. This account shows how evolutionary psychology can be integrated with Flanagan's natural method, and in a way that avoids the usual charges of panglossian adaptationism and an uncritical commitment to a modular picture of the mind. Evolutionary psychology is most promising when it adopts a bottom-up research strategy that focuses on basic (...)
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  2. Sara T. Scharf (2009). Identification Keys, the "Natural Method," and the Development of Plant Identification Manuals. Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):73 - 117.score: 240.0
    The origins of field guides and other plant identification manuals have been poorly understood until now because little attention has been paid to 18th century botanical identification guides. Identification manuals came to have the format we continue to use today when botanical instructors in post-Revolutionary France combined identification keys (step-wise analyses focusing on distinctions between plants) with the "natural method" (clustering of similar plants, allowing for identification by gestalt) and alphabetical indexes. Botanical works featuring multiple but linked techniques (...)
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  3. Owen J. Flanagan (1995). Consciousness and the Natural Method. Neuropsychologia 33:1103-15.score: 150.0
  4. Henry Wingate (2013). The Natural Method of Teaching Latin: Its Origins, Rationale, and Prospects. Classical World 106 (3):493-504.score: 150.0
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  5. Martha I. Gibson (2011). A Revolution in Method, Kant's “Copernican Hypothesis”, and the Necessity of Natural Laws. Kant-Studien 102 (1):1-21.score: 144.0
    In an effort to account for our a priori knowledge of synthetic necessary truths, Kant proposes to extend the successful method used in mathematics and the natural sciences to metaphysics. In this paper, a uniform account of that method is proposed and the particular contribution of the ‘Copernican hypothesis’ to our knowledge of necessary truths is explained. It is argued that, though the necessity of the truths is in a way owing to the object's relation to our (...)
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  6. Joseph Becker (1993). The Essential Nature of the Method of the Natural Sciences: Response to A. T. Nuyen's "Truth, Method, and Objectivity: Husserl and Gadamer on Scientific Method&Quot;. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (1):73-76.score: 120.0
  7. Richard W. Miller (1987). Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences. Princeton University Press.score: 120.0
    In this bold work of broad scope and rich erudition, Richard W. Miller sets out to reorient the philosophy of science.
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  8. Richmond Campbell (1990). Book Review:Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation, and Reality in the Natural and Social Sciences. Richard W. Miller. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (4):897-.score: 120.0
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  9. Mary Domski (2013). Putting the Pieces Back Together Again: Reading Newton'sPrincipiathrough Newton's Method Steffen Ducheyne . “The Main Business of Natural Philosophy”: Isaac Newton's Natural-Philosophical Methodology . Dordrecht: Springer, 2012. Pp. Xxv+352. $189.00 (Cloth). William L. Harper . Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity and Cosmology . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. Xviii+424. $75.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (2):318-333.score: 120.0
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  10. Gideon Freudenthal (1981). Adam Smith's Analytic-Synthetic Method and the 'System of Natural Liberty'. History of European Ideas 2 (2):135-154.score: 120.0
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  11. Niccolò Guicciardini (2013). Harper and Ducheyne on Newton William L. Harper,Isaac Newton's Scientific Method, Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity & Cosmology, Oxford University Press, 2011 Steffen Ducheyne,The Main Business of Natural Philosophy, Isaac Newton's Natural-Philosophical Methodology, Springer, 2102. Perspectives on Science 21 (4):463-481.score: 120.0
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  12. Douglas Jesseph (1996). Hobbes and the Method of Natural Science. In Tom Sorell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes. Cambridge University Press. 86--107.score: 120.0
  13. Peter Machamer (2000). The Concept of the Individual an D the Idea (L) of Method in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy. In Peter K. Machamer, Marcello Pera & Aristeidēs Baltas (eds.), Scientific Controversies: Philosophical and Historical Perspectives. Oxford University Press. 81.score: 120.0
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  14. Louis A. Perrott (1979). Lived Aspects of Natural Scientific Method. Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:97-110.score: 120.0
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  15. A. D. Ritchie (2001). Scientific Method: An Inquiry Into the Character and Validity of Natural Laws. Routledge.score: 120.0
    First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  16. Sandra B. Rosenthal (1997). Scientific Method and Natural Attunement: The Illuminating Alliance of Dewey and Buddhism. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 11 (4):239 - 246.score: 120.0
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  17. G. Ambrosetti (1971). Christian Natural Law the Spirit and Method Of. American Journal of Jurisprudence 16 (1):290-301.score: 120.0
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  18. Peter R. Anstey (2003). Locke on Method in Natural Philosophy. In , The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives. Routledge. 26--42.score: 120.0
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  19. C. Joachim Classen (1976). Science and Method. On Aristotle's Theory of Natural Science. Philosophy and History 9 (2):155-157.score: 120.0
  20. Ronald Curtis (1993). The Essential Nature of the Method of the Natural Sciences: Response to A T Nuyen's Truth, Method, and Objectivity. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (1):73-76.score: 120.0
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  21. K. D. Knorr-Cetina (1981). Social and Scientific Method or What Do We Make of the Distinction Between the Natural and the Social Sciences? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11 (3):335-359.score: 120.0
  22. Ae Miller & Mg Miller (1994). Metaphysical Construction: The Central Method of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 159:62-97.score: 120.0
     
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  23. Gert H. Muller (1960). Review: Karel Louis de Bouvere, A Method in Proofs of Undefinability, with Applications to Functions in the Arithmetic of Natural Numbers. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):271-273.score: 120.0
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  24. F. Rapp (1972). Weltanschauung and Method. Philosophical Essays on the Unity of the Natural and Social Sciences. Philosophy and History 5 (1):23-24.score: 120.0
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  25. Michael Ruse (1974). The Triumph of the Darwinian Method by M. T, Ghiselin; Charles Darwin: The Years of Controversy by P. Vorzimmer; Wallace and Natural Selection by H. Lewis McKinney. [REVIEW] History of Science 12:43-58.score: 120.0
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  26. Hyman Stock (1931). The Method of Descartes in the Natural Sciences. Jamaica, the Marion Press.score: 120.0
     
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  27. Y. C. Zark (1996). Hobbes and the Method of Natural Science. In Tom Sorell (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes. Cambridge University Press.score: 120.0
     
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  28. Aspasia S. Moue, Kyriakos A. Masavetas & Haido Karayianni (2006). Tracing the Development of Thought Experiments in the Philosophy of Natural Sciences. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 37 (1):61 - 75.score: 102.0
    An overview is provided of how the concept of the thought experiment has developed and changed for the natural sciences in the course of the 20th century. First, we discuss the existing definitions of the term 'thought experiment' and the origin of the thought experimentation method, identifying it in Greek Presocratics epoch. Second, only in the end of the 19th century showed up the first systematic enquiry on thought experiments by Ernst Mach's work. After the Mach's work, a (...)
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  29. Daniel Schwartz (2014). Is Baconian Natural History Theory-Laden? Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (1).score: 102.0
    The recent surge of interest in Bacon's own attempts at natural history has revealed a complex interplay with his speculative ideas in natural philosophy. This research has given rise to the concern that his natural histories are theory-laden in a way that Bacon ought to find unacceptable, given his prescription in the Parasceve for a reliable body of factual instances that can be used as a storehouse for induction. This paper aims to resolve this tension by elaborating (...)
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  30. Maria Paula Diogo, Ana Carneiro & Ana Simões (2001). The Portuguese Naturalist Correia da Serra (1751-1823) and His Impact on Early Nineteenth-Century Botany. Journal of the History of Biology 34 (2):353 - 393.score: 90.0
    This paper focuses on the contributions to natural history, particularly in methods of plant classification of the Portuguese botanist, man of letters, diplomat, and Freemason Abbé José Correia da Serra (1751-1823), placing them in their national and international political and social contexts. Correia da Serra adopted the natural method of classification championed by the Frenchman Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu, and introduced refinements of his own that owe much to parallel developments in zoology. He endorsed the view that the (...)
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  31. Nicholas Maxwell (forthcoming). Popper's Paradoxical Pursuit of Natural Philosophy. In J. Shearmur & G. Stokes (eds.), Cambridge Companion to Popper. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    Philosophy of science is seen by most as a meta-discipline – one that takes science as its subject matter, and seeks to acquire knowledge and understanding about science without in any way affecting, or contributing to, science itself. Karl Popper’s approach is very different. His first love is natural philosophy or, as he would put it, cosmology. This intermingles cosmology and the rest of natural science with epistemology, methodology and metaphysics. Paradoxically, however, one of his best known contributions, (...)
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  32. Eileen Crist (1998). The Ethological Constitution of Animals as Natural Objects: The Technical Writings of Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (1):61-102.score: 78.0
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  33. Theresa W. Tobin & Alison M. Jaggar (2013). Naturalizing Moral Justification: Rethinking the Method of Moral Epistemology. Metaphilosophy 44 (4):409-439.score: 74.0
    The companion piece to this article, “Situating Moral Justification,” challenges the idea that moral epistemology's mission is to establish a single, all-purpose reasoning strategy for moral justification because no reasoning practice can be expected to deliver authoritative moral conclusions in all social contexts. The present article argues that rethinking the mission of moral epistemology requires rethinking its method as well. Philosophers cannot learn which reasoning practices are suitable to use in particular contexts exclusively by exploring logical relations among concepts. (...)
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  34. Marije Martijn (2010). Proclus on Nature: Philosophy of Nature and its Methods in Proclus' Commentary on Plato's Timaeus. Brill.score: 68.0
    One of the hardest questions to answer for a (Neo)platonist is to what extent and how the changing and unreliable world of sense perception can itself be an object of scientific knowledge. My dissertation is a study of the answer given to that question by the Neoplatonist Proclus (Athens, 411-485) in his Commentary on Plato’s Timaeus. I present a new explanation of Proclus’ concept of nature and show that philosophy of nature consists of several related subdisciplines matching the ontological stratification (...)
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  35. Helen Thornton (2005). State of Nature or Eden?: Thomas Hobbes and His Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings. University of Rochester Press.score: 66.0
    State of nature or Eden? -- Hobbes' state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Hobbes' own belief or unbelief -- The contemporary reaction to Leviathan -- Hobbes and commentaries on Genesis -- A note on method and chapter order -- Good and evil -- Hobbes on good and evil -- The 'seditious doctrines' of the schoolmen -- The contemporary reaction -- The scriptural account -- The state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Equality (...)
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  36. Marion Godman (2013). Psychiatric Disorders Qua Natural Kinds: The Case of the “Apathetic Children”. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (2):144-152.score: 66.0
    In this article I examine some of the issues involved in taking psychiatric disorders as natural kinds. I begin by introducing a permissive model of natural kind-hood that at least prima facie seems to allow psychiatric disorders to be natural kinds. The model, however, hinges on there in principle being some grounding that is shared by all members of a kind, which explain all or most of the additional shared projectible properties. This leads us to the following (...)
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  37. Nicholas Rescher (2000). Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
    Exploring the central ideas of traditional metaphysics--such as the simplicity of nature, its comprehensibility, or its systematic integrity--this book analyzes looking at such notions from a scientific point of view. It seeks to describe in a clear, accessible manner the metaphysical situation that characterizes the process of inquiry in natural science, aiming to shed light on reality by examining the modus operandi of natural science itself and focusing as much on its findings as on its conceptual and methodological (...)
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  38. Celina A. Lértora Mendoza (2007). Averroes y Tomás de Aquino sobre el concepto de ciencia natural. Veritas 52 (3).score: 66.0
    At the beginning of the Book 1 of the Physica, Aristotle sets the question on the matter and subject of natural science. This issue refers to the concept of the science, which he starts bringing up. Natural Science (philosophia naturalis) has, since then, been especially enquired into, above all in terms of the original Aristotle’s commentary. Averroes dedicates a concise and, at the same time comprehensive Proem on the subject. Thomas Aquinas, on the contrary, and in opposition to (...)
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  39. Angela Ales Bello (2008). The Human Being in the Context of Nature: Philosophical Anthropology and Natural Sciences in Hedwig Conrad-Martius. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 18 (4):425-443.score: 66.0
    The most original aspect of Hedwig Conrad-Martius’ research is her interpretation of nature, performed through the phenomenological method. She pinpoints the very essences of the natural phenomena, discovering entelechies inside them and a trans-physical dimension. She reads the evolution of nature in a new way, against the deterministic interpretation of it. Inside nature one can discover many levels, qualitatively different. The human being participates to all of them, but his/her peculiarity is linked to the mental–spiritual life.
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  40. E. T. Gendlin (1995). Crossing and Dipping: Some Terms for Approaching the Interface Between Natural Understanding and Logical Formulation. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 5 (4):547-560.score: 66.0
    Gendlin proposes experiential concepts as bridges between phenomenology and logical formulation. His method moves back and forth, aiming to increase both natural understanding and logical formulation. On thesubjective side, the concepts requiredirect reference tofelt orimplicit meaning. There is no equivalence between this and the logical side. Rather, in logical explication, the implicit iscarried forward, a relation shown by many functions. The subjective is no inner parallel. It performsspecific functions in language. Once these are located, they also lead to (...)
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  41. Nissim Francez (2014). Harmony in Multiple-Conclusion Natural-Deduction. Logica Universalis 8 (2):215-259.score: 66.0
    The paper studies the extension of harmony and stability, major themes in proof-theoretic semantics, from single-conclusion natural-deduction systems to multiple-conclusions natural-deduction, independently of classical logic. An extension of the method of obtaining harmoniously-induced general elimination rules from given introduction rules is suggested, taking into account sub-structurality. Finally, the reductions and expansions of the multiple-conclusions natural-deduction representation of classical logic are formulated.
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  42. J. B. Schneewind (1991). Natural Law, Skepticism, and Methods of Ethics. Journal of the History of Ideas 52 (2):289-308.score: 66.0
    In the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant presented a method for discovering what morality requires us to do in any situation and claimed that it is a method everyone can use. The method consists in testing one's maxim against the requirement stated in the formulations of the categorical imperative. There has been endless discussion of the adequacy of Kant's method in giving moral guidance, but there has been little effort to situate Kant's view of (...)
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  43. S. W. P. Steen (1972). Mathematical Logic with Special Reference to the Natural Numbers. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.score: 66.0
    This book presents a comprehensive treatment of basic mathematical logic. The author's aim is to make exact the vague, intuitive notions of natural number, preciseness, and correctness, and to invent a method whereby these notions can be communicated to others and stored in the memory. He adopts a symbolic language in which ideas about natural numbers can be stated precisely and meaningfully, and then investigates the properties and limitations of this language. The treatment of mathematical concepts in (...)
     
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  44. Nicholas Maxwell (2004). Is Science Neurotic? Imperial College Press.score: 60.0
    Is Science Neurotic? sets out to show that science suffers from a damaging but rarely noticed methodological disease — “rationalistic neurosis.” Assumptions concerning metaphysics, human value and politics, implicit in the aims of science, are repressed, and the malaise has spread to affect the whole academic enterprise, with the potential for extraordinarily damaging long-term consequences. The book begins with a discussion of the aims and methods of natural science, and moves on to discuss social science, philosophy, education, psychoanalytic theory (...)
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  45. Luc Bovens (2006). The Rhythm Method and Embryonic Death. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (6):355-356.score: 60.0
    Some proponents of the pro-life movement argue against morning after pills, IUDs, and contraceptive pills on grounds of a concern for causing embryonic death. What has gone unnoticed, however, is that the pro-life line of argumentation can be extended to the rhythm method of contraception as well. Given certain plausible empirical assumptions, the rhythm method may well be responsible for a much higher number of embryonic deaths than some other contraceptive techniques.
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  46. Witold Marciszewski (1997). Rational Beliefs as Produced by Computational Processes. Foundations of Science 2 (1):87-106.score: 60.0
    Intelligent problem-solving depends on consciously applied methods of thinking as well as inborn or trained skills. The latter are like resident programs which control processes of the kind called (in Unix) daemons. Such a computational process is a fitting reaction to situations (defined in the program in question) which is executed without any command of a computer user (or without any intention of the conscious subject). The study of intelligence should involve methods of recognizing those beliefs whose existence is due (...)
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  47. Russell T. Hurlburt & Sarah A. Akhter (2006). The Descriptive Experience Sampling Method. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 5 (3-4):271-301.score: 58.0
    Descriptive Experience Sampling (DES) is a method for exploring inner experience. DES subjects carry a random beeper in natural environments; when the beep sounds, they capture their inner experience, jot down notes about it, and report it to an investigator in a subsequent expositional interview. DES is a fundamentally idiographic method, describing faithfully the pristine inner experiences of persons. Subsequently, DES can be used in a nomothetic way to describe the characteristics of groups of people who share (...)
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  48. Evelyne Kiptot (2007). Eliciting Indigenous Knowledge on Tree Fodder Among Maasai Pastoralists Via a Multi-Method Sequencing Approach. Agriculture and Human Values 24 (2):231-243.score: 58.0
    Although the potential of indigenous knowledge in sustainable natural resource management has been recognized, methods of gathering and utilizing it effectively are still being developed and tested. This paper focuses on various methods used in gathering knowledge on the use and management of tree fodder resources among the Maasai community of Kenya. The methods used were (1) a household survey to collect socio-economic data and identify key topics and informants for the subsequent knowledge elicitation phase; (2) semi-structured interviews using (...)
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  49. Nicholas Maxwell (2002). The Need for a Revolution in the Philosophy of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 33 (2):381-408.score: 56.0
    There is a need to bring about a revolution in the philosophy of science, interpreted to be both the academic discipline, and the official view of the aims and methods of science upheld by the scientific community. At present both are dominated by the view that in science theories are chosen on the basis of empirical considerations alone, nothing being permanently accepted as a part of scientific knowledge independently of evidence. Biasing choice of theory in the direction of simplicity, unity (...)
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  50. Tuomas E. Tahko (2008). The Aristotelian Method and Aristotelian Metaphysics. In Patricia Hanna (ed.), An Anthology of Philosophical Studies. ATINER.score: 54.0
    In this paper I examine what exactly is ‘Aristotelian metaphysics’. My inquiry into Aristotelian metaphysics should not be understood to be so much concerned with the details of Aristotle's metaphysics. I am are rather concerned with his methodology of metaphysics, although a lot of the details of his metaphysics survive in contemporary discussion as well. This warrants an investigation into the methodological aspects of Aristotle's metaphysics. The key works that we will be looking at are his Physics, Metaphysics, Categories and (...)
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