Search results for 'Navigation' (try it on Scholar)

206 found
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  1.  40
    Erica Cosentino & Francesco Ferretti (2014). Communication as Navigation: A New Role for Consciousness in Language. Topoi 33 (1):263-274.
    Classical cognitive science has been characterized by an association with the computational theory of mind. Although this association has produced highly significant results, it has also limited the scope of scientific psychology. In this paper, we analyse the limits of the specific kind of computational model represented by the Chomskian-Fodorian tradition in the study of mind and language. In our opinion, the adhesion to the principle of formality imposed by this specific computational model has motivated the exclusion of consciousness in (...)
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  2.  25
    S. R. Sudarshan Iyengar, C. E. Veni Madhavan, Katharina A. Zweig & Abhiram Natarajan (2012). Understanding Human Navigation Using Network Analysis. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):121-134.
    We have considered a simple word game called the word-morph. After making our participants play a stipulated number of word-morph games, we have analyzed the experimental data. We have given a detailed analysis of the learning involved in solving this word game. We propose that people are inclined to learn landmarks when they are asked to navigate from a source to a destination. We note that these landmarks are nodes that have high closeness-centrality ranking.
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  3.  20
    S. R. Sudarshan Iyengar, C. E. Veni Madhavan, Katharina A. Zweig & Abhiram Natarajan (2012). Understanding Human Navigation Using Network Analysis. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):121-134.
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  4.  7
    Armin Hemmerling (1994). Navigation Without Perception of Coordinates and Distances. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (2):237-260.
    We consider the target-reaching problem in plane scenes for a point robot which has a tactile sensor and can locate the target ray. It might have a compass, too, but it is not able to perceive the coordinates of its position nor to measure distances. The complexity of an algorithm is measured by the number of straight moves until reaching the target, as a function of the number of vertices of the scene. It is shown how the target point can (...)
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  5.  16
    James E. Till (2004). Cancer-Related Electronic Support Groups as Navigation-Aids: Overcoming Geographic Barriers. Till, James E. (2004) Cancer-Related Electronic Support Groups as Navigation-Aids.
    Cancer-related electronic support groups (ESGs) may be regarded as a complement to face-to-face groups when the latter are available, and as an alternative when they are not. Advantages over face-to-face groups include an absence of barriers imposed by geographic location, opportunities for anonymity that permit sensitive issues to be discussed, and opportunities to find peers online. ESGs can be especially valuable as navigation aids for those trying to find a way through the healthcare system and as a guide to (...)
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  6.  39
    Dimitar Kazakov & Mark Bartlett (2013). Evolutionary Pressures Promoting Complexity in Navigation and Communication. Interaction Studies 14 (1):107-135.
    This article presents results from simulations studying the hypothesis that mechanisms for landmark-based navigation could have served as preadaptations for compositional language. It is argued that sharing directions would significantly have helped bridge the gap between general and language-specific cognitive faculties. A number of different levels of navigational and communicative abilities are considered, resulting in a range of possible evolutionary paths. The selective pressures for, resp. against, increased complexity in either faculty are then evaluated for a range of environments. (...)
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  7.  42
    Michele Pasin & Enrico Motta (2011). Ontological Requirements for Annotation and Navigation of Philosophical Resources. Synthese 182 (2):235-267.
    In this article, we describe an ontology aimed at the representation of the relevant entities and relations in the philosophical world. We will guide the reader through our modeling choices, so to highlight the ontology’s practical purpose: to enable an annotation of philosophical resources which is capable of supporting pedagogical navigation mechanisms. The ontology covers all the aspects of philosophy, thus including characterizations of entities such as people, events, documents, and ideas. In particular, here we will present a detailed (...)
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  8.  3
    Janet Wiles (2011). Reasoning, Robots, and Navigation: Dual Roles for Deductive and Abductive Reasoning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):92-92.
    Mercier & Sperber (M&S) argue for their argumentative theory in terms of communicative abilities. Insights can be gained by extending the discussion beyond human reasoning to rodent and robot navigation. The selection of arguments and conclusions that are mutually reinforcing can be cast as a form of abductive reasoning that I argue underlies the construction of cognitive maps in navigation tasks.
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  9.  1
    Herbert Peremans & Dieter Vanderelst (2013). Augmented Topological Maps for Three-Dimensional Navigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):560 - 561.
    We describe an augmented topological map as an alternative for the proposed bicoded map. Inverting causality, the special nature of the vertical dimension is then no longer fixed a priori and the cause of specific navigation behavior, but a consequence of the combination of the specific geometry of the experimental environment and the motor capabilities of the experimental animals.
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  10.  2
    Shane M. O'Mara (1996). The Cerebellum and Cerebral Cortex: Contrasting and Converging Contributions to Spatial Navigation and Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):469-470.
    Thach's target article presents a remarkable overview and integration of animal and human studies on the functions of the cerebellum and makes clear theoretical predictions for both the normal operation of the cerebellum and for the effects of cerebellar lesions in the mature human. Commentary is provided on three areas, namely, spatial navigation, implicit learning, and cerebellar agenesis to elicit further development of the themes already present in Thach's paper, [THACH].
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  11.  1
    Paul A. Dudchenko, Emma R. Wood & Roderick M. Grieves (2013). Think Local, Act Global: How Do Fragmented Representations of Space Allow Seamless Navigation? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):548 - 549.
    In this commentary, we highlight a difficulty for metric navigation arising from recent data with grid and place cells: the integration of piecemeal representations of space in environments with repeated boundaries. Put simply, it is unclear how place and grid cells might provide a global representation of distance when their fields appear to represent repeated boundaries within an environment. One implication of this is that the capacity for spatial inferences may be limited.
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  12.  1
    Daniele Nardi & Verner P. Bingman (2013). Making a Stronger Case for Comparative Research to Investigate the Behavioral and Neurological Bases of Three-Dimensional Navigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):557 - 558.
    The rich diversity of avian natural history provides exciting possibilities for comparative research aimed at understanding three-dimensional navigation. We propose some hypotheses relating differences in natural history to potential behavioral and neurological adaptations possessed by contrasting bird species. This comparative approach may offer unique insights into some of the important questions raised by Jeffery et al.
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  13.  1
    James G. Phillips & Rowan P. Ogeil (2013). Navigation Bicoded as Functions of Xy and Time? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):561-562.
    Evidence from egocentric space is cited to support bicoding of navigation in three-dimensional space. Horizontal distances and space are processed differently from the vertical. Indeed, effector systems are compatible in horizontal space, but potentially incompatible (or chaotic) during transitions to vertical motion. Navigation involves changes in coordinates, and animal models of navigation indicate that time has an important role.
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  14.  1
    David Mw Powers (2013). Vertical and Veridical–2.5-Dimensional Visual and Vestibular Navigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):562 - 563.
    Does the psychological and neurological evidence concerning three-dimensional localization and navigation fly in the face of optimality? This commentary brings a computational and robotic engineering perspective to the question of and argues that a multicoding manifold model is more efficient in several senses, and is also likely to extend to animals, including birds or fish.
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  15. Michael Barnett-Cowan & Heinrich H. Bülthoff (2013). Human Path Navigation in a Three-Dimensional World. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):544-545.
    Jeffery et al. propose a non-uniform representation of three-dimensional space during navigation. Fittingly, we recently revealed asymmetries between horizontal and vertical path integration in humans. We agree that representing navigation in more than two dimensions increases computational load and suggest that tendencies to maintain upright head posture may help constrain computational processing, while distorting neural representation of three-dimensional navigation.
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  16. Pedro Xavier Mendonça (2014). Systems and Artifacts: On a Material Semiotics of Navigation Dispositive. Scientiae Studia 12 (3):491-510.
    Neste artigo faz-se uma descrição do Sistema Global de Posicionamento e dos dispositivos de navegação de uso rodoviário que o constituem, enquanto artefatos, com vista a uma leitura semiótica destes últimos em articulação com a sistematicidade. De uma semiótica tradicional dos objetos passa-se a uma que se centra na sua materialidade, a partir da qual é possível detecar sentidos performativos na tecnologia. Esta abordagem permite uma compreensão mais detalhada do caráter global das tecnologias móveis em articulação com a sua individualização. (...)
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  17.  5
    Ranxiao Frances Wang & Elizabeth S. Spelke (2000). Updating Egocentric Representations in Human Navigation. Cognition 77 (3):215-250.
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  18.  10
    Russell A. Epstein (2008). Parahippocampal and Retrosplenial Contributions to Human Spatial Navigation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (10):388.
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  19.  2
    Joseph Genz (2014). Complementarity of Cognitive and Experiential Ways of Knowing the Ocean in Marshallese Navigation. Ethos 42 (3):332-351.
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  20.  19
    Sang Ah Lee, Valeria A. Sovrano & Elizabeth S. Spelke (2012). Navigation as a Source of Geometric Knowledge: Young Children's Use of Length, Angle, Distance, and Direction in a Reorientation Task. Cognition 123 (1):144-161.
  21.  2
    J. W. Kelly, T. P. McNamara, B. Bodenheimer, T. H. Carr & J. J. Rieser (2008). The Shape of Human Navigation: How Environmental Geometry is Used in Maintenance of Spatial Orientation. Cognition 109 (2):281-286.
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  22.  3
    Jack M. Loomis, Roberta L. Klatzky, Reginald G. Golledge, Joseph G. Cicinelli, James W. Pellegrino & Phyllis A. Fry (1993). Nonvisual Navigation by Blind and Sighted: Assessment of Path Integration Ability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (1):73.
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  23.  2
    Anna Shusterman, Sang Ah Lee & Elizabeth S. Spelke (2011). Cognitive Effects of Language on Human Navigation. Cognition 120 (2):186-201.
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  24.  71
    G. Camps (1986). The Young Sheep and the Sea: Early Navigation in the Mediterranean. Diogenes 34 (136):19-45.
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  25.  21
    John O’Keefe & Neil Burgess (1999). Theta Activity, Virtual Navigation and the Human Hippocampus. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (11):403-406.
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  26. Russell E. Jackson & Chéla R. Willey (2011). Evolved Navigation Theory and Horizontal Visual Illusions. Cognition 119 (2):288-294.
  27.  18
    Susan Bredlau (2006). Learning to See: Merleau-Ponty and the Navigation of “Terrains”. Chiasmi International 8:191-198.
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  28.  3
    Lisa Brown Buchanan (forthcoming). Elementary Preservice Teachers׳ Navigation of Racism and Whiteness Through Inquiry with Historical Documentary Film. Journal of Social Studies Research.
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  29.  37
    David Morris (2010). The Place of Animal Being: Following Animal Embryogenesis and Navigation to the Hollow of Being in Merleau-Ponty. Research in Phenomenology 40 (2):188-218.
    This article pursues overlapping points about ontology, philosophical method, and our kinship with and difference from nonhuman animals. The ontological point is that being is determinately different in different places not because of differences, or even a space, already given in advance, but in virtue of a negative in being that is regional and rooted in place, which Mer-leau-Ponty calls the “hollow.” The methodological point is that we tend to miss this ontological point because we are inclined to what I (...)
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  30.  11
    Ian Hacking (1989). The Divided Circle: A History of Instruments for Astronomy, Navigation and Surveying. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (2):265-270.
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  31.  8
    Jan M. Wiener & Hanspeter A. Mallot (2002). The Organization of Human Spatial Memory and Implications for Route Planning and Navigation. Cognition 13 (3):208-217.
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  32.  8
    Stephan Weibelzahl & Gerhard Weber (2001). Mental Models for the Navigation in Adaptive Web− Sites and Behavioral Complexity. Complexity 4 (57):17.
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  33.  8
    Michael Tetzlafir & Georges Rey (2009). Systematicity and Intentional Realism in Honeybee Navigation. In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press 72.
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  34.  7
    Christoph Hölscher, Simon J. Büchner, Martin Brösamle, Tobias Meilinger & Gerhard Strube (2007). Signs and Maps–Cognitive Economy in the Use of External Aids for Indoor Navigation. In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
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  35.  7
    Rosen S. Ivanov (2011). A Low-Cost Indoor Navigation System for Visually Impaired and Blind. Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 44 (3):129.
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  36.  27
    Jane O'Grady (2005). From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category by Thomas Dixon. Cambridge University Press, 2003, 297pp., Hb ??45.00 the Navigation of Feeling: A Framework for the History of Emotions by William M. Reddy. Cambridge University Press, 2001, 380pp., Pb ??17.99. [REVIEW] Philosophy 80 (1):156-159.
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  37. Thomas E. Malloy, Jonathan Butner, Chase Dickerson & Joel M. Cooper (2010). Fearless-Evolution on Boolean Landscapes: Boolean Phase Portraits Reveal a New Navigation Strategy Based on Fearful Symmetry. Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 (3):65-95.
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  38.  3
    J. D. R. Millan (2002). Robot Navigation. In M. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press
  39.  6
    Roy A. Ruddle, Stephen J. Payne & Dylan M. Jones (1999). The Effects of Maps on Navigation and Search Strategies in Very-Large-Scale Virtual Environments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 5 (1):54.
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  40.  2
    Nils Malzahn, Sam Zeini & Andreas Harrer (2005). Ontology Facilitated Community Navigation–Who is Interesting for What I Am Interested In? In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer 292--303.
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  41.  2
    Eric Robinson (1963). Benjamin Donn , Teacher of Mathematics and Navigation. Annals of Science 19 (1):27-36.
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  42.  2
    Ruth Wallis (2000). Cross-Currents in Astronomy and Navigation: Thomas Hornsby, FRS. Annals of Science 57 (3):219-240.
    Thomas Hornsby was a hard-working, scientifically ambitious and significant man of vision during the second half of the eighteenth century. He was a notable astronomical observer, founder of the Radcliffe Observatory at Oxford, a successful lecturer, a Commissioner of Longitude at a critical time, and editor of James Bradley's Astronomical Observations. This paper presents some long-neglected facts; in assembling scattered fragments into a coherent account, it raises new speculations.
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  43.  5
    Alfred Clark (1993). Medieval Arab Navigation on the Indian Ocean: Latitude Determinations. Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (3):360-373.
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  44.  3
    Elizabeth S. Spelke Anna Shusterman, Sang Ah Lee (2011). Cognitive Effects of Language on Human Navigation. Cognition 120 (2):186.
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  45.  12
    Rodney M. J. Cotterill (2000). Muscular Hyperspace and Navigation in the Theatre That Never Closed, the Cognitive Bacterium, Conscious Unity, Self-Tickling, and Computer Simulation: Reply to Marcel Kinsbourne. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 1 (2):275-282.
  46.  3
    Christopher D. Wickens & Tyler T. Prevett (1995). Exploring the Dimensions of Egocentricity in Aircraft Navigation Displays. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (2):110.
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  47.  3
    Timothy McEvoy (2013). Finding a Teacher of Navigation Abroad in Eighteenth-Century Venice: A Study of the Circulation of Useful Knowledge. History of Science 51:100-123.
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  48.  2
    Pentti Haddington (2012). Movement in Action: Initiating Social Navigation in Cars. Semiotica 2012 (191).
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  49.  3
    Achille Pasqualotto & Michael J. Proulx (2013). The Study of Blindness and Technology Can Reveal the Mechanisms of Three-Dimensional Navigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):559-560.
    Jeffery et al. suggest that three-dimensional environments are not represented according to their volumetric properties, but in a quasi-planar fashion. Here we take into consideration the role of visual experience and the use of technology for spatial learning to better understand the nature of the preference of horizontal over vertical spatial representation.
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  50.  6
    Ron Sun Todd Peterson, A Subsymbolic Symbolic Model for Learning Sequential Navigation.
    To deal with reactive sequential decision tasks we present a learning model Clarion which is a hybrid connectionist model consisting of both localist and dis tributed representations based on the two level ap proach proposed in Sun The model learns and utilizes procedural and declarative knowledge tapping into the synergy of the two types of processes It uni es neural reinforcement and symbolic methods to perform on line bottom up learning Experiments in various situations are reported that shed (...)
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