Search results for 'Neil I. Wiener' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Neil I. Wiener & David L. Wiesenthal (1999). Ethical Questions in the Age of the New Eugenics. Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (3):383-394.score: 870.0
    As a result of the publicly funded Human Genome Project (HGP), and an increasing number of private enterprises, a new form of eugenic theory and practice has emerged, differing from previous manifestations. Genetic testing has become a consumer service that may now be purchased at greatly reduced cost. While the old eugenics was pseudoscientific, the new eugenics is firmly based on DNA research. While the old eugenics focused on societal measures against the individual, the new eugenics emphasizes the family as (...)
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  2. David L. Wiesenthal & Neil I. Wiener (1996). Privacy and the Human Genome Project. Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):189 – 202.score: 870.0
    The Human Genome Project has raised many issues regarding the contributions of genetics to a variety of diseases and societal conditions. With genetic testing now easily conducted with lowered costs in nonmedical domains, a variety of privacy issues must be considered. Such testing will result in the loss of significant privacy rights for the individual. Society must now consider such issues as the ownership of genetic data, confidentiality rights to such information, limits placed on genetic screening, and legislation to control (...)
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  3. Francesco P. Battaglia, Karim Benchenane, Anton Sirota, Cyriel M. A. Pennartz & Sidney I. Wiener (2011). The Hippocampus: Hub of Brain Network Communication for Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (7):310-318.score: 240.0
    A complex brain network, centered on the hippocampus, supports episodic memories throughout their lifetimes. Classically, upon memory encoding during active behavior, hippocampal activity is dominated by theta oscillations (6-10Hz). During inactivity, hippocampal neurons burst synchronously, constituting sharp waves, which can propagate to other structures, theoretically supporting memory consolidation. This 'two-stage' model has been updated by new data from high-density electrophysiological recordings in animals that shed light on how information is encoded and exchanged between hippocampus, neocortex and subcortical structures such as (...)
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  4. H. I. Bell (1946). Papyrology in Holland Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava. (I) The Warren Papyri. Edited by M. David, B. A. Van Groningen, J. C. Van Oven. Pp. Xii+74; 6 Plates. (II) Einige Wiener Papyri. Bearbeitet von E. Boswinkel. Pp. Viii+76; 6 Plates. (Ilia) Some Oxford Papyri. Edited by E. P. Wegener. Text. Pp. Xii+ 93. Leiden: Brill, 1941, 1942, 1942. Paper, 15, 15,25 (to Subscribers 12,12, 20) Gulden. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 60 (02):83-84.score: 126.0
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  5. Chad Wiener (2011). Methodology in Socrates' Examination of the Slave. Dialogue 50 (03):443-467.score: 120.0
    ABSTRACT: I argue that Socrates employs both elenchus and the method of hypothesis in the examination of the slave. I show that the elenchus is a necessary step of the inquiry. Being reduced to ignorance, Socrates tacitly uses the method of hypothesis to move the slave from ignorance to correct opinion. I tease this out from the questions Socrates asks. Although the method of hypothesis begins from a question distinct from elenchus, the solution to the problem leads the slave to (...)
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  6. Thomas Mormann (2009). Moritz Schlick, Kritische Gesamtausgabe, herausgegeben von Friedrich Stadler und Hans-Jürgen Wendel: Die Wiener Zeit. Aufsätze, Beiträge, Rezensionen 1926–1936, Abteilung I, Band 6 (herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Johannes Friedl und Heiner Rutte). [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 40 (1):155 - 160.score: 120.0
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  7. Juliet Floyd (1996). Wiener Ausgabe. Band I. Philosophische Bemerkungen (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (3):475-477.score: 120.0
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  8. E. A. Sonnenschein (1913). Reform in Grammatical Nomenclature (I.) Reform in Grammatical Nomenclature., A Symposium (University Bulletin) Issued by the University of Michigan. New Series. Vol. Xiii. No. 6 Rereprinted From the School Review, 1911–1912. 8vo. Pp. 64. (Ii.) Vorschläge des Wiener Ausschusses für Einfache Und Einheitliche Fachausdrücke Im Sprachunterricht. Gebilligt Vom Wiener Neuphilologischen Verein: Sokoll. Wien, January, 1912. (Iii.) Grammar and Thinking: A Study of the Working Conceptions of Syntax. By A. D. Sheffield. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1912. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (01):28-31.score: 120.0
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  9. J. David Thomas (1976). K. A. Worp: Einige Wiener Papyri (P. Vindob. Worp). (Studia Amstelodamensia ad Epigraphicam, Ius Antiquum et Papyrologicam pertinentia, i.) Pp. viii + 221; 26 plates. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1972. Paper, fl. 78. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (01):153-154.score: 120.0
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  10. E. G. Turner, M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven, E. Boswinkel, E. P. Wegener, A. H. R. E. Paap, M. Hombert & Cl Preaux (1953). Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. I. The Warren PapyriPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. II. Einige Wiener PapyriPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. III. Some Oxford PapyriPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. IV. De Herodoti reliquiis in papyris et membranis Aegyptiis servatisPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. V. Recherches sur le Recensement dans l'Egypte romaine (P. Brux. Inv. E7616)Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava,. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:163.score: 120.0
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  11. J. Broome (1993). Rationing America's Medical Care: The Oregon Plan and Beyond, Edited by Martin A. Strosberg, Joshua M. Wiener, Robert Baker and I. Alan Fein. [REVIEW] Bioethics 7 (4):351-358.score: 120.0
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  12. Revel Coles (1979). P. J. Sijpesteijn, K. A. Worp: Fünfunddreissig Wiener Papyri. (= Studia Amstelodamensia Ad Epigraphicam, Ius Antiquum Et Papyrologicam Pertinentia, VI.) 2 Vols. Pp. Xii + 320; 14 Loose Plates. 14 Plates, Monochrome Fascimile Size Photographs of Papyri in Vol. I. Zutphen, Holland: Terra Publishing, 1976. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (01):189-190.score: 120.0
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  13. Frances Kianka (1993). Herbert Hunger, ed., Prochoros Kydones' Übersetzungen von S. Augustinus, De libero arbitrio I 1-90, und Ps. Augustinus, De decem plagis Aegyptiorum (lateinisch-griechisch).(Wiener Studien, Zeitschrift für klassische Philologie und Patristik, 14.) Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1990. Paper. Pp. 96. ÖS 210. DM 30. [REVIEW] Speculum 68 (3):805-806.score: 120.0
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  14. I. Grattan-Guinness (1975). Wiener on the Logics of Russell and Schröder. Annals of Science 32 (2):103-132.score: 36.0
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  15. Friedrich Stadler & I. Grattan-Guinness (1998). Reviews: Mathematics and Logic-Studien zum Wiener Kreis. Ursprung, Entwicklung und Wirkung des Logischen Empirismus im Kontext. [REVIEW] Annals of Science 55 (4):438.score: 36.0
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  16. Frederick R. Adams (2003). The Informational Turn in Philosophy. Minds and Machines 13 (4):471-501.score: 24.0
    This paper traces the application of information theory to philosophical problems of mind and meaning from the earliest days of the creation of the mathematical theory of communication. The use of information theory to understand purposive behavior, learning, pattern recognition, and more marked the beginning of the naturalization of mind and meaning. From the inception of information theory, Wiener, Turing, and others began trying to show how to make a mind from informational and computational materials. Over the last 50 (...)
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  17. Antonio Marturano (2002). The Role of Metaethics and the Future of Computer Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 4 (1):71-78.score: 24.0
    In the following essay, I will discuss D.Johnson's argument in her ETHICOMP99 KeynoteSpeech (Johnson 1999) regarding the possiblefuture disappearance of computer ethics as anautonomous discipline, and I will analyze somelikely objections to Johnson's view.In the future, there are two ways in whichcomputer ethics might disappear: (1) therejection of computer ethics as an aspect ofapplied ethics, or (2) the rejection ofcomputer ethics as an autonomous discipline.The first path, it seems to me, would lead tothe death of the entire field of appliedethics, (...)
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  18. Pietro Gori (2012). Nietzsche as Phenomenalist? In Marco Brusotti, Günter Abel & Helmut Heit (eds.), Nietzsches Wissenschaftsphilosophie. deGruyter.score: 24.0
    During the second decade of the 20th century Hans Kleinpeter, an Austrian scholar devoted to the development of the modern science, published some brief papers on Nietzsche’s thought. Kleinpeter has been one of the main upholders of Mach’s epistemology and probably the first who connected his ideas with the philosophy of Nietzsche. In his book on Der Phänomenalismus (1913) he described a new world view that arose in the 19th century, a perspective that ‒ according to him ‒ completely contrasted (...)
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  19. Roberto Cordeschi & Guglielmo Tamburrini (2005). Intelligent Machines and Warfare: Historical Debates and Epistemologically Motivated Concerns. In L. Magnani (ed.), European Computing and Philosophy Conference (ECAP 2004). College Publications.score: 24.0
    The early examples of self-directing robots attracted the interest of both scientific and military communities. Biologists regarded these devices as material models of animal tropisms. Engineers envisaged the possibility of turning self-directing robots into new “intelligent” torpedoes during World War I. Starting from World War II, more extensive interactions developed between theoretical inquiry and applied military research on the subject of adaptive and intelligent machinery. Pioneers of Cybernetics were involved in the development of goal-seeking warfare devices. But collaboration occasionally turned (...)
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  20. Iris Van der Tuin (2013). Non-Reductive Continental Naturalism in the Contemporary Humanities Working with Hélène Metzger's Philosophical Reflections. History of the Human Sciences 26 (2):88-105.score: 24.0
    This article engages with the philosophical reflections of the French historian of science Hélène Metzger (1886–1944) in order to develop a vocabulary for understanding the rise of non-reductive Continental naturalism in the contemporary humanities. The bibliography of current naturalist approaches in the arts and the human sciences is still in the making, but it is altogether clear that the trend is not scientist or historicist or relativist. This epistemological diagnosis refers us to Metzger, who found herself surrounded with the logical (...)
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  21. Thomas Forster (2007). Implementing Mathematical Objects in Set Theory. Logique Et Analyse 50 (197):79-86.score: 24.0
    In general little thought is given to the general question of how to implement mathematical objects in set theory. It is clear that—at various times in the past—people have gone to considerable lengths to devise implementations with nice properties. There is a litera- ture on the evolution of the Wiener-Kuratowski ordered pair, and a discussion by Quine of the merits of an ordered-pair implemen- tation that makes every set an ordered pair. The implementation of ordinals as Von Neumann ordinals (...)
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  22. Guillermo Restrepo & José L. Villaveces (2012). Mathematical Thinking in Chemistry. Hyle 18 (1):3 - 22.score: 24.0
    Mathematical chemistry is often thought to be a 20th-century subdiscipline of chemistry, but in this paper we discuss several early chemical ideas and some landmarks of chemistry as instances of the mathematical way of thinking; many of them before 1900. By the mathematical way of thinking, we follow Weyl's description of it in terms of functional thinking, i.e. setting up variables, symbolizing them, and seeking for functions relating them. The cases we discuss are Plato's triangles, Geoffroy's affinity table, Lavoisier's classification (...)
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  23. Leonardo Torres Quevedo (1986). Dos textos anticipadores sobre máquinas algebráicas y sobre Automática. Theoria 2 (1):7-9.score: 24.0
    Com recuerdo y fiel homenaje a nuestro genial compatrinta, el ingeniero e inventar santanderino Leonardo Torres Quevedo, THEORIA quiere reeoger hoy en sus páginas dos breves, claros y luminosostextos -el primero sobre máquinas algébricas (1901) y el segundo sobre el alcance de una nueva ciencia: la Automática (1915)- de aquel español itinerante e infatigable que, como muy contadascompatriotas, supo aliar claridad y rlgor lógico en las definiciones de los conceptos básicos y desbordante inventiva creadora en la estricta y audaz aplicación (...)
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  24. Alain Boyer (forthcoming). Schlick et Popper. Signification et vérité. Les Etudes Philosophiques.score: 24.0
    Karl Popper a toujours exprimé une grande admiration à l'égard de l'Allgemeine Erkenntnislehre de Moritz Schlick (1918). En revanche, les positions adoptées par Schlick au cours de son séjour à Vienne (1922-1936) ont surtout suscité la critique de l'auteur de la Logique de la découverte scientifique (1934). Le désaccord porte sur la réduction schlickienne de la valeur des théories à des instruments de prédiction, sur la portée du Tractatus de Wittgenstein, sur la théorie du sens et sur la vérité. Popper, (...)
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  25. Koos Agnes Katalin (2011). The European Regional Integration in the IR Literature:A Review of Scholarly Support and Opposition. [REVIEW] Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):90.score: 24.0
    Most of what has been written on the ECSC/ EEC/ EC/ EU, has not been done by international relations (IR) theorists, but by comparativists, sociologists, historians, anthropologists, legal scholars, and many others. These writings are in general classified as intergovernmentalist, federalist, and supranationalist (functionalist and neo- functionalist) in most accounts of the theoretical perspectives on the EU (Webb 1983, Rosamond 2000). Wiener and Diez 2004 add a rational choice institutional category, as well, as they think that the policy analysis (...)
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  26. Jerzy Dadaczyński (2012). Arytmetyka u początku abstrakcyjnego pojmowania geometrii przez Hilberta. Filozofia Nauki 3.score: 24.0
    In 1891, Hilbert came to the conclusion that geometry is not a science of the physical space but is an abstract science. Hilbert’s new position was repeated in the introduction to Grundlagen der Geometrie in 1899. The aim of this paper is to show the sources of change of Hilbert’s position in 1891. We showed that the di-rect source of the change was having heard a lecture by Wiener on projective geome-try. Wiener presented there a project of geometry (...)
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  27. Marek Hetmański (2010). Czy możliwa jest ogólna teoria informacji? Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 46 (3-4):395-420.score: 24.0
    W artykule rozważana jest możliwość powstania ogólnej teorii informacji, która miałaby szerszy zakres tematyczny i wyższy stopień ogólności niż matematyczna teoria komunikacji (łączności) Shannona. Uzasadnieniem takiego oczekiwania jest nie tylko dojrzałość wielu współczesnych koncepcji i teorii informacji, głównie formalnych i matematycznych, lecz również znaczące zmiany w sferze masowej komunikacji i komputerowych systemów informacyjnych (dokonujące się w tzw. zwrocie informacyjnym). Omawiane są koncepcje takich autorów, jak C. Shannon, N. Wiener, Y. Bar-Hillel, K. Devlin, F. Adams, F. Dretske, P. Adriaans oraz (...)
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  28. Leonardo Torres Quevedo (1986). Dos Textos Anticipadores Sobre Máquinas Algebráicas Y Sobre Automática. Theoria 2 (1):7-9.score: 24.0
    Com recuerdo y fiel homenaje a nuestro genial compatrinta, el ingeniero e inventar santanderino Leonardo Torres Quevedo, THEORIA quiere reeoger hoy en sus páginas dos breves, claros y luminosostextos -el primero sobre máquinas algébricas (1901) y el segundo sobre el alcance de una nueva ciencia: la Automática (1915)- de aquel español itinerante e infatigable que, como muy contadascompatriotas, supo aliar claridad y rlgor lógico en las definiciones de los conceptos básicos y desbordante inventiva creadora en la estricta y audaz aplicación (...)
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  29. Laszlo E. Szabo (forthcoming). Lorentzian Theories Vs. Einsteinian Special Relativity - a Logico-Empiricist Reconstruction. In A. Maté, M. Rédei & F. Stadler (eds.), Vienna Circle and Hungary -- Veröffentlichungen des Instituts Wiener Kreis. Springer.score: 12.0
    It is widely believed that the principal difference between Einstein's special relativity and its contemporary rival Lorentz-type theories was that while the Lorentz-type theories were also capable of “explaining away” the null result of the Michelson-Morley experiment and other experimental findings by means of the distortions of moving measuring-rods and moving clocks, special relativity revealed more fundamental new facts about the geometry of space-time behind these phenomena. I shall argue that special relativity tells us nothing new about the geometry of (...)
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