Search results for 'Neil Thornton' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Neil Thornton (Birkbeck College)
  1. Neil Gascoigne & Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge. Routledge.
    Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can (...)
     
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  2. Neil Gascoigne & Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge. Routledge.
    Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can (...)
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  3. Neil Gascoigne & Tim Thornton (2014). Tacit Knowledge. Routledge.
    Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can (...)
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  4. Neil Gunningham, Robert A. Kagan & Dorothy Thornton (2004). Social License and Environmental Protection: Why Businesses Go Beyond Compliance, 29 Law & Soc. Inquiry 307:308.
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  5. Neil Thornton (1987). The Problem of Liberalism in the Thought of John Stuart Mill. Garland Pub..
  6.  1
    Julien Dutant (2015). Neil Gascoigne and Tim Thornton, Tacit Knowledge, Durham: Acumen, 2013, 210 Pp., £18.99 , ISBN 1844655466; £55 , ISBN 1844655458. [REVIEW] Dialectica 69 (4):621-623.
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  7. Tim Thornton (2004). John Mcdowell. Routledge.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the (...)
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  8.  1
    Bronwen Neil (2012). Crisis and Wealth in Byzantine Italy: The Libri Pontificales of Rome and Ravenna. Byzantion 82:279-303.
    Using the Liber Pontificalis and Liber Pontificalis ecclesiae Ravennatis, the official records of the churches of Rome and Ravenna, the author surveys the evidence for episcopal involvement in the many crises that impinged on these two important cities and on Byzantine Italy generally in the fifth and sixth centuries. Six categories of crisis are investigated. By a comparison of the two sources Neil examines the defining differences between Roman and Ravennan approaches to crisis management in Byzantine Italy.
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  9. Tim Thornton (2004). John Mcdowell. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
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  10. Tim Thornton (2004). John Mcdowell. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
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  11. Tim Thornton (2014). John Mcdowell. Routledge.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
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  12.  88
    Diego Fernandez-Duque, Giordana Grossi, Ian Thornton & Helen Neville (2003). Representation of Change: Separate Electrophysiological Markers of Attention, Awareness, and Implicit Processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 15 (4):491-507.
    & Awareness of change within a visual scene only occurs in subjects were aware of, replicated those attentional effects, but the presence of focused attention. When two versions of a.
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  13.  62
    Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton (2000). Change Detection Without Awareness: Do Explicit Reports Underestimate the Representation of Change in the Visual System? Visual Cognition 7 (1):323-344.
    Evidence from many different paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integration) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. In four experiments we use modified change blindness tasks to demonstrate (a) that sensitivity to change does occur in the absence of awareness, and (b) this sensitivity does not rely on (...)
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  14.  62
    Tim Thornton (2007). Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
    Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry is a concise introduction to the growing field of philosophy of psychiatry. Divided into three main aspects of psychiatric clinical judgement, values, meanings and facts, it examines the key debates about mental health care, and the philosophical ideas and tools needed to assess those debates, in six chapters. In addition to outlining the state of play, Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry presents a coherent and unified approach across the different debates, characterized by a rejection of reductionism and (...)
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  15.  60
    Andy Clark & S. Thornton (1997). Trading Spaces: Computation, Representation, and the Limits of Uninformed Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):57-66.
    Some regularities enjoy only an attenuated existence in a body of training data. These are regularities whose statistical visibility depends on some systematic recoding of the data. The space of possible recodings is, however, infinitely large type-2 problems. they are standardly solved! This presents a puzzle. How, given the statistical intractability of these type-2 cases, does nature turn the trick? One answer, which we do not pursue, is to suppose that evolution gifts us with exactly the right set of recoding (...)
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  16.  24
    Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque (2000). An Implicit Measure of Undetected Change. Spatial Vision 14 (1):21-44.
    b>—Several paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integra- tion) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. However, those studies almost always rely on explicit reports. It remains a possibility that the visual system can implicitly detect change, but that in the absence of focused attention, the change does not (...)
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  17. M. T. Thornton (1969). Locke's Criticism of Wittgenstein. Philosophical Quarterly 19 (76):266-271.
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  18.  72
    Tim Thornton (2008). Why the Idea of Framework Propositions Cannot Contribute to an Understanding of Delusions. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):159-175.
    One of the tasks that recent philosophy of psychiatry has taken upon itself is to extend the range of understanding to some of those aspects of psychopathology that Jaspers deemed beyond its limits. Given the fundamental difficulties of offering a literal interpretation of the contents of primary delusions, a number of alternative strategies have been put forward including regarding them as abnormal versions of framework propositions described by Wittgenstein in On Certainty. But although framework propositions share some of the apparent (...)
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  19. M. Thornton (1994). Double Brain, Double Person? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):761-763.
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  20. Stephen J. Thornton (2008). Silence on Gays and Lesbians in Social Studies Curriculum. In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge
  21. J. C. Thornton (1969). Determinism and Moral Reactive Attitudes. Ethics 79 (July):283-297.
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  22.  64
    Tim Thornton (2002). Thought Insertion, Cognitivism, and Inner Space. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.
    Introduction. Whatever its underlying causes, even the description of the phenomenon of thought insertion, of the content of the delusion, presents difficulty. It may seem that the best hope of a description comes from a broadly cognitivist approach to the mind which construes content-laden mental states as internal mental representations within what is literally an inner space: the space of the brain or nervous system. Such an approach objectifies thoughts in a way which might seem to hold out the prospect (...)
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  23.  45
    Tim Thornton (2004). Wittgenstein and the Limits of Empathic Understanding in Psychopathology. International Review of Psychiatry.
    Summary The aim of this paper is three-fold. Firstly, to briefly set out how strategic choices made about theorising about intentionality or content have actions at a distance for accounting for delusion. Secondly, to investigate how successfully a general difficulty facing a broadly interpretative approach to delusions might be eased by the application of any of three Wittgensteinian interpretative tools. Thirdly, to draw a general moral about how the later Wittgenstein gives more reason to be pessimistic than optimistic about the (...)
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  24.  62
    Helen Thornton (2005). State of Nature or Eden?: Thomas Hobbes and His Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings. University of Rochester Press.
    State of nature or Eden? -- Hobbes' state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Hobbes' own belief or unbelief -- The contemporary reaction to Leviathan -- Hobbes and commentaries on Genesis -- A note on method and chapter order -- Good and evil -- Hobbes on good and evil -- The 'seditious doctrines' of the schoolmen -- The contemporary reaction -- The scriptural account -- The state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Equality and (...)
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  25.  13
    D. A. Neil, C. A. J. Coady, J. Thompson & H. Kuhse (2007). End-of-Life Decisions in Medical Practice: A Survey of Doctors in Victoria (Australia). Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (12):721-725.
    Objectives: To discover the current state of opinion and practice among doctors in Victoria, Australia, regarding end-of-life decisions and the legalisation of voluntary euthanasia. Longitudinal comparison with similar 1987 and 1993 studies.Design and participants: Cross-sectional postal survey of doctors in Victoria.Results: 53% of doctors in Victoria support the legalisation of voluntary euthanasia. Of doctors who have experienced requests from patients to hasten death, 35% have administered drugs with the intention of hastening death. There is substantial disagreement among doctors concerning the (...)
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  26. Stephen P. Thornton, Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  27.  76
    Tim Thornton (2003). Psychopathology and Two Kinds of Narrative Accounts of the Self. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):361-368.
  28.  19
    Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque (2002). Converging Evidence for the Detection of Change Without Awareness. Progress in Brain Research.
  29.  15
    Stephen Thornton, Karl Popper. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  30.  72
    Tim Thornton (1997). Reasons and Causes in Philosophy and Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):307-317.
    This paper examines the account offered by Bolton and Hill (1996) of how reasons can be causes, and thus how symptoms of mental disorders can be both caused and carry meaning. The central problem is to reconcile the causal and rationalizing powers of content-laden mental states. I draw out these two aspects by putting them in the context of recent work in analytical philosophy, including Davidson's token identity theory and his account of mental disorder. The latter, however, can be used (...)
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  31. Tim Thornton (2004). The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  32.  12
    Andy Clark & Chris Thornton, Trading Spaces: Connectionism and the Limits of Uninformed Learning.
    It is widely appreciated that the difficulty of a particluar computation varies according to how the input data are presented. What is less understood is the effect of this computation/representation tradeoff within familiar learning paradigms. We argue that existing learning algoritms are often poorly equipped to solve problems involving a certain type of important and widespread regularity, which we call 'type-2' regularity. The solution in these cases is to trade achieved representation against computational search. We investigate several ways in which (...)
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  33.  26
    Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton (2003). Explicit Mechanisms Do Not Account for Implicit Localization and Identification of Change: An Empirical Reply to Mitroff Et Al (2000). Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5).
    Several recent findings support the notion that changes in the environment can be implicitly represented by the visual system. S. R. Mitroff, D. J. Simons, and S. L. Franconeri (2002) challenged this view and proposed alternative interpretations based on explicit strategies. Across 4 experiments, the current study finds no empirical support for such alternative proposals. Experiment 1 shows that subjects do not rely on unchanged items when locating an unaware change. Experiments 2 and 3 show that unaware changes affect performance (...)
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  34.  14
    Stephen P. Thornton (1996). Facing Up to Feuerbach. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (2):103 - 120.
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  35.  66
    Chris Thornton (1997). Brave Mobots Use Representation: Emergence of Representation in Fight-or-Flight Learning. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 7 (4):475-494.
    The paper uses ideas from Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence and Genetic Algorithms to provide a model of the development of a fight-or-flight response in a simulated agent. The modelled development process involves (simulated) processes of evolution, learning and representation development. The main value of the model is that it provides an illustration of how simple learning processes may lead to the formation of structures which can be given a representational interpretation. It also shows how these may form the infrastructure for (...)
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  36.  63
    Stephen P. Thornton, Sigmund Freud. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  37.  43
    Elizabeth Neil (1997). Hume's Moral Sublime. British Journal of Aesthetics 37 (3):246-258.
    Through examining the respective roles of "pride" and "sympathy" in Hume's natural sublime experience and through comparing that analysis with the roles played by those concepts in his discussion of "heroic virtue," I demonstrate both that there is an element of the moral in natural sublimity and that Hume evokes a conception of sublimity as sometimes _distinctly moral. Moral sublime experience entails the _un-comfortably _un-Humean possibility of sublimity inhering in the uniquely human object which makes that experience "moral." I detail (...)
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  38.  23
    Tim Thornton (2000). Mental Illness and Reductionism: Can Functions Be Naturalized? Philosophy Psychiatry and Psychology 9 (1):229-253.
    There has been considerable recent philo- sophical work on the nature of mental illness. Two..
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  39. Tim Thornton (2006). The Discursive Turn, Social Constructionism, and Dementia. In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press
  40. T. Thornton (2006). Judgement and the Role of the Metaphysics of Values in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (6):365-370.
    Despite its authors’ intentions, the four principles approach to medical ethics can become crudely algorithmic in practice. The first section sets out the bare bones of the four principles approach drawing out those aspects of Beauchamp and Childress’s Principles of biomedical ethics that encourage this misreading. The second section argues that if the emphasis on the guidance of moral judgement is augmented by a particularist account of what disciplines it, then the danger can be reduced. In the third section, I (...)
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  41.  20
    Mark T. Thornton (1972). Ostensive Terms and Materialism. The Monist 56 (April):193-214.
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  42.  40
    Andy Clark & Chris Thornton (1997). Relational Learning Re-Examined. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):83-90.
    We argue that existing learning algorithms are often poorly equipped to solve problems involving a certain type of important and widespread regularity that we call The solution in these cases is to trade achieved representation against computational search. We investigate several ways in which such a trade-off may be pursued including simple incremental learning, modular connectionism, and the developmental hypothesis of.
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  43.  14
    M. T. Thornton (1982). Aristotelian Practical Reason. Mind 91 (361):57-76.
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  44.  29
    Tim Thornton (2009). Values-Based Practice and Reflective Judgment. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):125-133.
    In this paper, I relate values-based practice (VBP) to clinical judgment more generally. I consider what claim, aside from the fundamental difference of facts and values, lies at the heart of VBP. Rather than, for example, construing values as subjective, I argue that it is more helpful to construe VBP as committed to the uncodifiability of value judgments. It is a form of particularism rather than principlism, but this need not deny the reality of values. Seen in this light, however, (...)
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  45.  8
    J. B. Thornton (1953). Scientific Entities II. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):73 – 100.
  46.  31
    John R. Thornton, An Essential Difference.
    Michael Wheeler, in his book Reconstructing the Cognitive World, analyses the development of embedded-embodied cognitive science in the light of underlying philosophical differences about the constitution of human agency. On one side he sees orthodox computational cognitive science as holding to Cartesian conceptions of an abstract, disembodied reason deliberating over de-contextualised representations of the world. On the other side, he sees modern-day embodied-embedded cognitive scientists going beyond such Cartesianism to embrace concepts of human agency more in keeping with Heidegger’s account (...)
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  47.  9
    Tim Thornton (2004). Reductionism/Antireductionism. In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press 191.
  48.  24
    J. C. Thornton (1984). Miracles and God's Existence. Philosophy 59 (228):219 - 229.
    THE AUTHOR ARGUES THAT THE HUMEAN "A PRIORI" ATTACK ON MIRACLES IS INTENDED TO SHOW THE INCOHERENCE OF THE NOTION OF A WELL-ATTESTED MIRACULOUS EVENT (NOT THE INCOHERENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF A MIRACLE). THOUGH THIS TYPE OF ATTACK CAN BE PRESENTED IN A POWERFUL FORM, IT SUFFERS FROM AN UNDULY NARROW ASSUMPTION CONCERNING THE NATURE OF EVIDENCE AND EXPLANATION, FOR IT "IS" POSSIBLE TO DESCRIBE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH IT WOULD BE REASONABLE TO CONCLUDE THAT A MIRACLE HAS OCCURRED. HOWEVER, (...)
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  49.  27
    Tim Thornton (1997). Intention, Rule Following and the Strategic Role of Wright's Order of Determination Test. Philosophical Investigations 20 (2):136–151.
    I believe that Wright’s constructivist account of intention is funda- mentally flawed [Wright 1984, 1986, 1987a, 1987b, 1988, 1989a, 1989b, 1991, 1992]. To understand why it fails it is necessary first to locate the account in its broader strategic context. That context is Wright’s response to Wittgenstein’s account of rule following. When so located the diagnosis of the account’s failure is clear. Wright’s account of intention is a species of the interpretative approach to mental content which is explicitly rejected by (...)
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  50.  4
    Stephen Thornton (1996). Wittgenstein Sans the Private Language Argument. Cogito 10 (1):28-34.
    This paper explores Wittgenstein’s account of the semantic differences between the two uses of 'I' in the Blue Book, arguing that, independently of the private language argument, it undermines substance dualism while demonstrating the philosophical misconceptions upon which it is based.
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