Search results for 'Nervous System' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  15
    István Aranyosi (2013). The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System. Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis of (...)
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  2.  7
    Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet (1997). Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: A Clinical Reappraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  3.  70
    W. R. Ashby (1947). The Nervous System as Physical Machine: With Special Reference to the Origin of Adaptive Behaviour. Mind 56 (January):44-59.
  4.  2
    W. D. O'Leary (1932). The Autonomic Nervous System as a Factor in the Psychogalvanic Reflex. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):767.
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  5.  1
    C. P. Stone (1923). Experimental Studies of Two Important Factors Underlying Masculine Sexual Behavior: The Nervous System and the Internal Secretion of the Testis. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (2):85.
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  6.  12
    Jean-Gaël Barbara (2009). Interplay Between Scientific Theories and Researches on the Diseases of the Nervous System in the Nineteenth-Century, Paris. Medicine Studies 1 (4):339-352.
    In this paper, my aim is to understand the origin of experimental and scientific models of pathogeny of the diseases of the nervous system in the Salpêtrière (Paris). I will analyse the role of the contexts of cell theory, microscopy and the advances in histological techniques in the creation of various pathogenic models, based on the concept of the cell, the Wallerian degeneration and the neurone concept. I argue that, as medicine and pathology remain autonomous in their methods (...)
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  7.  18
    Dan Ryder, The Autonomic Nervous System and Dretske on Phenomenal Consciousness.
    Title page Representational theories propose a set of sufficient conditions for a state to be phenomenally conscious. It turns out that insofar as these conditions have been worked out in detail, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) ought to be conscious - but of course it’s not. In this paper, we’ll describe only a tiny portion of the complexities of the ANS, using these to counterexample only a single theory of phenomenal consciousness, namely, Fred Dretske’s. But we think the (...)
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  8.  11
    John Dempsher (1982). Basic Function in the Nervous System - a Unified Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):185-202.
    A new theory for basic function in the nervous system has recently been proposed (Dempsher, J., 1979a, 1979b; 1980, 1981). The major basic themes of the new theory are as follows: (1) There are two fundamental units of structure and function, the fibre or conducting mechanism, and the neurocentre, where nervous system function as we know it takes place. (2) The nerve impulse is regarded as a mathematical event. The mathematics is the result of a prescribed (...)
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  9.  7
    John Dempsher (1980). A Bio-Physical Basis of Mathematics in Synaptic Function of the Nervous System: A Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 29 (3-4):119-127.
    The purpose of this paper is to present a bio-physical basis of mathematics. The essence of the theory is that function in the nervous system is mathematical. The mathematics arises as a result of the interaction of energy (a wave with a precise curvature in space and time) and matter (a molecular or ionic structure with a precise form in space and time). In this interaction, both energy and matter play an active role. That is, the interaction results (...)
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  10.  9
    John Dempsher (1979). Synaptic Function in the Nervous System: A Theory and its Application. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2):75-97.
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit where (...)
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  11.  7
    John Dempsher (1979). Integration of Function in the Nervous System — a New Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (4):283-302.
    A new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system (Dempsher, 1978) is applied to the simplest system for integration of function in the nervous system. This system includes a sensory and motor neuron and three synaptic regions associated with those two neurons; a receptor region, an interneuronal spinal synaptic region linking the two neurons, and an effector region.Information is first received and processed at the receptor region. The processing consists of five components:1. A (...)
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  12.  4
    Thomas Stieglitz (2006). Neuro-Technical Interfaces to the Central Nervous System. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (2):95-109.
    Neuro-technical interfaces are technical devices that bridge the electronic world to neurons with the objective to establish a long term stable contact for bidirectional information exchange. What does that mean in detail and to what kind of machine and for what purpose should the central nervous system, i.e. the brain, be connected? Science fiction literature and movies offer a tremendous variety of usually uncomfortable scenarios including cyborg and robocop super-humans and mass control. Do these implants change the psyche (...)
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  13.  3
    R. B. Stein (1982). What Muscle Variable Does the Nervous System Control in Limb Movements? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):535.
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  14. William Gooddy (1988). Time and the Nervous System. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  15.  54
    Olaf Breidbach (1996). The Controversy on Stain Technologies — an Experimental Reexamination of the Dispute on the Cellular Nature of the Nervous System Around 1900. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):195 - 212.
    The controversy of neuroanatomy on the principal structure of the nervous systems, which took place at the end of the nineteenth century, is described. Two groups of scientists are identified: one that favoured the idea of a discrete cellular organization of the nervous tissue, and one that favoured a syncytial organization. These two interpretations arose from different histological techniques that produced conflicting pictures of the organization of the nervous tissue. In an experimental reexamination of the techniques used (...)
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  16. B. J. Baars (1983). Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information. In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum 101.
     
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  17.  5
    B. Doyon (1992). On the Existence and the Role of Chaotic Processes in the Nervous System. Acta Biotheoretica 40 (2-3):113-119.
    Chaos theory is a rapidly growing field. As a technical term, chaos refers to deterministic but unpredictable processes being sensitively dependent upon initial conditions. Neurobiological models and experimental results are very complicated and some research groups have tried to pursue the neuronal chaos. Babloyantz's group has studied the fractal dimension (d) of electroencephalograms (EEG) in various physiological and pathological states. From deep sleep (d=4) to full awakening (d>8), a hierarchy of strange attractors paralles the hierarchy of states of consciousness. In (...)
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  18.  4
    S. C. Gandevia & David Burke (1992). Does the Nervous System Depend on Kinesthetic Information to Control Natural Limb Movements? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:614-614.
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  19.  3
    S. V. Adamovich (1992). How Does the Nervous System Control the Equilibrium Trajectory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):704-705.
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  20.  11
    Mark H. Bickhard (2015). Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes II: Central Nervous System Functional Macro-Architecture. Axiomathes 25 (4):377-407.
    The first paper in this pair developed a model of the nature of representation and cognition, and argued for a model of the micro-functioning of the brain on the basis of that model. In this sequel paper, starting with part III, this model is extended to address macro-functioning in the CNS. In part IV, I offer a discussion of an approach to brain functioning that has some similarities with, as well as differences from, the model presented here: sometimes (...)
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  21.  1
    Paul Grobstein (1987). The Nervous System/Behavior Interface: Levels of Organization and Levels of Approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):380.
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  22.  9
    Bernard J. Baars (1983). Conscious Contents Provide the Nervous System with Coherent, Global Information. In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum 41--79.
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  23.  4
    Mark H. Bickhard (2015). Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes I: Central Nervous System Functional Micro-Architecture. Axiomathes 25 (3):217-238.
    Standard semantic information processing models—information in; information processed; information out —lend themselves to standard models of the functioning of the brain in terms, e.g., of threshold-switch neurons connected via classical synapses. That is, in terms of sophisticated descendants of McCulloch and Pitts models. I argue that both the cognition and the brain sides of this framework are incorrect: cognition and thought are not constituted as forms of semantic information processing, and the brain does not function in terms of passive input (...)
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  24.  39
    C. J. Bond (1929). Brain and Mind: Or the Nervous System of Man. The Eugenics Review 21 (2):135.
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  25.  16
    Ezequiel Morsella, Christine A. Godwin, Tiffany K. Jantz, Stephen C. Krieger & Adam Gazzaley (forthcoming). Homing in on Consciousness in the Nervous System: An Action-Based Synthesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-106.
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  26. James C. Lynch (1978). The Command Function Concept in Studies of the Primate Nervous System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):31.
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  27. Richard L. Kradin (2004). The Placebo Response: Its Putative Role as a Functional Salutogenic Mechanism of the Central Nervous System. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):328-338.
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  28.  9
    Andreas K. Engel, P. Kreiter Konig & Schillen A. K. (1992). Temporal Coding in the Visual Cortex: New Vistas on Integration in the Nervous System. Trends in Neurosciences 15:218-26.
  29.  4
    Frederick J. E. Woodbridge (1909). Consciousness, the Sense Organs, and the Nervous System. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (17):449-455.
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  30.  2
    James B. Skeath (1999). At the Nexus Between Pattern Formation and Cell-Type Specification: The Generation of Individual Neuroblast Fates in the Drosophila Embryonic Central Nervous System. Bioessays 21 (11):922-931.
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  31.  5
    Bernard J. Baars (1993). How Does a Serial, Integrated and Very Limited Stream of Consciousness Emerge From a Nervous System That is Mostly Unconscious, Distributed, Parallel and of Enormous Capacity? In G. R. Bock & James L. Marsh (eds.), Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness. Ciba Foundation Symposium 174 174--282.
  32. Charles Mercier (1888). The Nervous System and the Mind. Mind 13 (50):263-268.
     
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  33.  3
    Malcolm Maden & Nigel Holder (1992). Retinoic Acid and Development of the Central Nervous System. Bioessays 14 (7):431-438.
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  34.  7
    Wolfgang Kretschmer (1969). Psyche and Nervous System. The History of a Problem. Philosophy and History 2 (1):17-17.
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  35.  8
    E. Bizzi, N. Hogan, F. A. Mussa-Ivaldi & S. Giszter (1992). Does the Nervous System Use Equilibrium-Point Control to Guide Single and Multiple Joint Movements? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):603-613.
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  36.  2
    Angelika Stollewerk & Pat Simpson (2005). Evolution of Early Development of the Nervous System: A Comparison Between Arthropods. Bioessays 27 (9):874-883.
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  37.  33
    Warren Mansell (2011). Control of Perception Should Be Operationalized as a Fundamental Property of the Nervous System. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):257-261.
    This commentary proposes that “cognitive control” is neither componential nor emergent, but a fundamental feature of behavior. The term “control” requires an operational definition. This is best provided by the negative feedback loop that utilizes behavior to control perception; it does not control behavior per se. In order to model complex cognitive control, Perceptual Control Theory proposes that loops are organized into a dissociable hierarchical network (PCT; Powers, Clark, & McFarland, 1960; Powers, 1973a, 2008). In this way, behavior is dynamically (...)
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  38.  3
    Ramesh Balasubramaniam (2004). Redundancy in the Nervous System: Where Internal Models Collapse. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):396-397.
    Grush has proposed a fairly comprehensive version of the idea of internal models within the framework of the emulation theory of representation. However, the formulation suffers from assumptions that render such models biologically infeasible. Here I present some problems from physiological principles of human movement production to illustrate why. Some alternative views to emulation are presented.
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  39.  31
    Alston S. Householder (1946). Mathematical Biophysics and the Central Nervous System. Acta Biotheoretica 8 (1-2):67-76.
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  40.  7
    P. J. Lang (2014). Emotion's Response Patterns: The Brain and the Autonomic Nervous System. Emotion Review 6 (2):93-99.
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  41.  3
    R. J. A. Berry (1932). Cytology and Cellular Pathology of the Nervous System. The Eugenics Review 24 (3):219.
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  42.  1
    Pedro Miura, Piero Sanfilippo, Sol Shenker & Eric C. Lai (2014). Alternative Polyadenylation in the Nervous System: To What Lengths Will 3′ UTR Extensions Take Us? Bioessays 36 (8):766-777.
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  43.  6
    Andrea Pasini & David G. Wilkinson (2002). Stabilizing the Regionalisation of the Developing Vertebrate Central Nervous System. Bioessays 24 (5):427-438.
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  44. Nicholas E. Baker (2000). Notch Signaling in the Nervous System. Pieces Still Missing From the Puzzle. Bioessays 22 (3):264.
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  45.  5
    James C. Prechtl & Terry L. Powley (1990). B-Afferents: A Fundamental Division of the Nervous System Mediating Homeostasis? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):289-300.
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  46.  5
    James H. Abbs (1982). A Speech-Motor-System Perspective on Nervous-System-Control Variables. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):541.
  47.  1
    A. J. Pellionisz (1986). Tensor Network Theory of the Central Nervous System and Sensorimotor Modeling. In G. Palm & A. Aertsen (eds.), Brain Theory. Springer 121--145.
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  48.  2
    Charles A. Hart (1938). Consciousness and the Nervous System. New Scholasticism 12 (3):299-300.
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  49.  1
    Andreas Faissner (1989). Cell-Cell Adhesion in the Nervous System - Structural Groups Emerge. Bioessays 10 (2-3):79-81.
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  50.  16
    Jacob Robert Kantor (1922). The Nervous System, Psychological Fact or Fiction? Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):38-49.
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