Search results for 'Nervous System' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. István Aranyosi (2013). The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis of (...)
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  2. Anna Maaria Järvinen, Benjamin Dering, Dirk Neumann, Rowena Ng, Davide Crivelli, Mark Grichanik, Julie R. Korenberg & Ursula Bellugi (2012). Sensitivity of the Autonomic Nervous System to Visual and Auditory Affect Across Social and Non-Social Domains in Williams Syndrome. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 240.0
    Although individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) typically demonstrate an increased appetitive social drive, their social profile is characterized by dissociations, including socially fearless behavior coupled with anxiousness, and distinct patterns of “peaks and valleys” of ability. The aim of this study was to compare the processing of social and non-social visually and aurally presented affective stimuli, at the levels of behavior and autonomic nervous system (ANS) responsivity, in individuals with WS contrasted with a typically developing (TD) group, with (...)
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  3. A. Guillot C. Collet, F. Di Rienzo, N. El Hoyek (2013). Autonomic Nervous System Correlates in Movement Observation and Motor Imagery. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 240.0
    The purpose of the current article is to provide a comprehensive overview of the literature offering a better understanding on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) correlates in motor imagery (MI) and movement observation. These are two high brain functions involving sensori-motor coupling, mediated by memory systems. How observing or mentally rehearsing a movement affect ANS activity has not been extensively investigated. The links between cognitive functions and ANS responses are not so obvious. We first describe the organization of (...)
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  4. Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet (1997). Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: A Clinical Reappraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.score: 216.0
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  5. W. R. Ashby (1947). The Nervous System as Physical Machine: With Special Reference to the Origin of Adaptive Behaviour. Mind 56 (January):44-59.score: 210.0
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  6. C. P. Stone (1923). Experimental Studies of Two Important Factors Underlying Masculine Sexual Behavior: The Nervous System and the Internal Secretion of the Testis. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (2):85.score: 210.0
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  7. W. D. O'Leary (1932). The Autonomic Nervous System as a Factor in the Psychogalvanic Reflex. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):767.score: 210.0
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  8. Dan Ryder, The Autonomic Nervous System and Dretske on Phenomenal Consciousness.score: 180.0
    Title page Representational theories propose a set of sufficient conditions for a state to be phenomenally conscious. It turns out that insofar as these conditions have been worked out in detail, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) ought to be conscious - but of course it’s not. In this paper, we’ll describe only a tiny portion of the complexities of the ANS, using these to counterexample only a single theory of phenomenal consciousness, namely, Fred Dretske’s. But we think the (...)
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  9. Jean-Gaël Barbara (2009). Interplay Between Scientific Theories and Researches on the Diseases of the Nervous System in the Nineteenth-Century, Paris. Medicine Studies 1 (4):339-352.score: 180.0
    In this paper, my aim is to understand the origin of experimental and scientific models of pathogeny of the diseases of the nervous system in the Salpêtrière (Paris). I will analyse the role of the contexts of cell theory, microscopy and the advances in histological techniques in the creation of various pathogenic models, based on the concept of the cell, the Wallerian degeneration and the neurone concept. I argue that, as medicine and pathology remain autonomous in their methods (...)
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  10. John Dempsher (1979). Synaptic Function in the Nervous System: A Theory and its Application. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2).score: 180.0
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit where (...)
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  11. Thomas Stieglitz (2006). Neuro-Technical Interfaces to the Central Nervous System. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (2):95-109.score: 180.0
    Neuro-technical interfaces are technical devices that bridge the electronic world to neurons with the objective to establish a long term stable contact for bidirectional information exchange. What does that mean in detail and to what kind of machine and for what purpose should the central nervous system, i.e. the brain, be connected? Science fiction literature and movies offer a tremendous variety of usually uncomfortable scenarios including cyborg and robocop super-humans and mass control. Do these implants change the psyche (...)
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  12. John Dempsher (1982). Basic Function in the Nervous System - a Unified Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3).score: 180.0
    A new theory for basic function in the nervous system has recently been proposed (Dempsher, J., 1979a, 1979b; 1980, 1981). The major basic themes of the new theory are as follows: (1) There are two fundamental units of structure and function, the fibre or conducting mechanism, and the neurocentre, where nervous system function as we know it takes place. (2) The nerve impulse is regarded as a mathematical event. The mathematics is the result of a prescribed (...)
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  13. John Dempsher (1979). Integration of Function in the Nervous System — a New Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (4).score: 180.0
    A new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system (Dempsher, 1978) is applied to the simplest system for integration of function in the nervous system. This system includes a sensory and motor neuron and three synaptic regions associated with those two neurons; a receptor region, an interneuronal spinal synaptic region linking the two neurons, and an effector region.Information is first received and processed at the receptor region. The processing consists of five components:1. A (...)
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  14. John Dempsher (1980). A Bio-Physical Basis of Mathematics in Synaptic Function of the Nervous System: A Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 29 (3-4).score: 180.0
    The purpose of this paper is to present a bio-physical basis of mathematics. The essence of the theory is that function in the nervous system is mathematical. The mathematics arises as a result of the interaction of energy (a wave with a precise curvature in space and time) and matter (a molecular or ionic structure with a precise form in space and time). In this interaction, both energy and matter play an active role. That is, the interaction results (...)
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  15. C. A. Coey, M. Varlet & M. J. Richardson (2011). Coordination Dynamics in a Socially Situated Nervous System. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:164-164.score: 180.0
    Traditional theories of cognitive science have typically accounted for the organization of human behavior by detailing the requisite computational or representational functions and identifying neurological mechanisms that might perform these functions. Put simply, such approaches hold that neural activity causes behavior. This same general framework has been extended to accounts of human social behavior via explanatory concepts such as “common-coding” and “co-representation”, and much recent neurological research has been devoted to brain structures that might execute these social-cognitive functions. Although these (...)
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  16. Olaf Breidbach (1996). The Controversy on Stain Technologies — an Experimental Reexamination of the Dispute on the Cellular Nature of the Nervous System Around 1900. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):195 - 212.score: 164.0
    The controversy of neuroanatomy on the principal structure of the nervous systems, which took place at the end of the nineteenth century, is described. Two groups of scientists are identified: one that favoured the idea of a discrete cellular organization of the nervous tissue, and one that favoured a syncytial organization. These two interpretations arose from different histological techniques that produced conflicting pictures of the organization of the nervous tissue. In an experimental reexamination of the techniques used (...)
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  17. R. B. Stein (1982). What Muscle Variable(s) Does the Nervous System Control in Limb Movements? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):535.score: 162.0
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  18. B. Doyon (1992). On the Existence and the Role of Chaotic Processes in the Nervous System. Acta Biotheoretica 40 (2-3).score: 156.0
    Chaos theory is a rapidly growing field. As a technical term, chaos refers to deterministic but unpredictable processes being sensitively dependent upon initial conditions. Neurobiological models and experimental results are very complicated and some research groups have tried to pursue the neuronal chaos. Babloyantz's group has studied the fractal dimension (d) of electroencephalograms (EEG) in various physiological and pathological states. From deep sleep (d=4) to full awakening (d>8), a hierarchy of strange attractors paralles the hierarchy of states of consciousness. In (...)
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  19. Alston S. Householder (1946). Mathematical Biophysics and the Central Nervous System. Acta Biotheoretica 8 (1-2).score: 150.0
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  20. Warren Mansell (2011). Control of Perception Should Be Operationalized as a Fundamental Property of the Nervous System. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):257-261.score: 150.0
    This commentary proposes that “cognitive control” is neither componential nor emergent, but a fundamental feature of behavior. The term “control” requires an operational definition. This is best provided by the negative feedback loop that utilizes behavior to control perception; it does not control behavior per se. In order to model complex cognitive control, Perceptual Control Theory proposes that loops are organized into a dissociable hierarchical network (PCT; Powers, Clark, & McFarland, 1960; Powers, 1973a, 2008). In this way, behavior is dynamically (...)
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  21. Andreas K. Engel, P. Kreiter Konig & Schillen A. K. (1992). Temporal Coding in the Visual Cortex: New Vistas on Integration in the Nervous System. Trends in Neurosciences 15:218-26.score: 150.0
  22. Jacob Robert Kantor (1922). The Nervous System, Psychological Fact or Fiction? Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):38-49.score: 150.0
  23. William J. Roberts (1997). Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: Phenomenological Diversity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):463-464.score: 150.0
    This commentary on blumberg et al. addresses complications associated with diagnostic testing for sympathetic dependence of pain that can lead to inappropriate positive and negative conclusions. In addition, it is suggested that their test be conceived as a test of the effect of local vascular pressure and that the two types of sensory disorders presented may differ primarily in the degree of sensitization of central pain pathways. Detailed reports with functionally-oriented testing like that done by BLUMBERG are essential for an (...)
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  24. E. D. Phillips (1976). Rudolf Siegel: Galen on Psychology, Psychopathology and Function and Diseases of the Nervous System. Pp. 310. Basel: S. Karger, 1973. Cloth, £17·10. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (02):299-300.score: 150.0
  25. S. V. Adamovich (1992). How Does the Nervous System Control the Equilibrium Trajectory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):704-705.score: 150.0
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  26. Darcy B. Kelley & Dennis L. Gorlick (1990). Sexual Selection and the Nervous System. Bioscience 40 (4):275-283.score: 150.0
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  27. Richard L. Kradin (2004). The Placebo Response: Its Putative Role as a Functional Salutogenic Mechanism of the Central Nervous System. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):328-338.score: 150.0
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  28. Frederick J. E. Woodbridge (1909). Consciousness, the Sense Organs, and the Nervous System. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (17):449-455.score: 150.0
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  29. James H. Abbs (1982). A Speech-Motor-System Perspective on Nervous-System-Control Variables. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):541.score: 150.0
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  30. Michael A. Arbib (2000). Warren McCulloch's Search for the Logic of the Nervous System. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (2):193-216.score: 150.0
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  31. Ramesh Balasubramaniam (2004). Redundancy in the Nervous System: Where Internal Models Collapse. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):396-397.score: 150.0
    Grush has proposed a fairly comprehensive version of the idea of internal models within the framework of the emulation theory of representation. However, the formulation suffers from assumptions that render such models biologically infeasible. Here I present some problems from physiological principles of human movement production to illustrate why. Some alternative views to emulation are presented.
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  32. Frederic B. Fitch (1946). Review: Alston S. Householder, Herbert D. Landahl, Mathematical Biophysics of the Central Nervous System. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (3):99-99.score: 150.0
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  33. Paul A. Koch & Gerry Leisman (2004). The Local is Running on the Express Track: Localist Models Better Facilitate Understanding of Nervous System Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):700-700.score: 150.0
    Artificial neural networks have weaknesses as models of cognition. A conventional neural network has limitations of computational power. The localist representation is at least equal to its competition. We contend that locally connected neural networks are perfectly capable of storing and retrieving the individual features, but the process of reconstruction must be otherwise explained. We support the localist position but propose a “hybrid” model that can begin to explain cognition in anatomically plausible terms.
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  34. Malcolm Maden & Nigel Holder (1992). Retinoic Acid and Development of the Central Nervous System. Bioessays 14 (7):431-438.score: 150.0
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  35. P. H. Schwartz & M. W. Kalichman (2009). Ethical Challenges to Cell-Based Interventions for the Central Nervous System: Some Recommendations for Clinical Trials and Practice. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):41-43.score: 150.0
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  36. David A. Weisblat, Seth S. Blair, Andrew P. Kramer, Duncan K. Stuart & Gunther S. Stent (1984). Cell Lineage and Cell Interaction in the Developing Leech Nervous System. Bioscience 34 (5):313-317.score: 150.0
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  37. W. J. Greenstreet (1900). Book Review:The Nervous System of the Child; Its Growth and Health in Education. Francis Warner. [REVIEW] Ethics 11 (1):119-.score: 150.0
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  38. Edmund A. Arbas (1986). Exploring Neural Integration.Mechanisms of Integration in the Nervous System. Edited by MALCOLMBURROWS.J. Exp. Biol. Vol. 112. The Company of Biologists Limited. 1984. Pp. 357. �25, $60. [REVIEW] Bioessays 5 (2):90-91.score: 150.0
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  39. Bernard J. Baars (1983). Conscious Contents Provide the Nervous System with Coherent, Global Information. In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. 41--79.score: 150.0
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  40. Bernard J. Baars (1993). How Does a Serial, Integrated and Very Limited Stream of Consciousness Emerge From a Nervous System That is Mostly Unconscious, Distributed, Parallel and of Enormous Capacity? In G. R. Bock & James L. Marsh (eds.), Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness. Ciba Foundation Symposium 174. 174--282.score: 150.0
  41. Gary G. Berntson, Martin Sarter & John T. Cacioppo (2003). Autonomic Nervous System. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.score: 150.0
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  42. Laurie C. Doering (1994). Nervous System Modification by Transplants and Gene Transfer. Bioessays 16 (11):825-831.score: 150.0
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  43. Monique Dubois‐Dalcq & Regina Armstrong (1990). The Cellular and Molecular Events of Central Nervous System Remyelination. Bioessays 12 (12):569-576.score: 150.0
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  44. Andreas Faissner (1989). Cell-Cell Adhesion in the Nervous System - Structural Groups Emerge. Bioessays 10 (2-3):79-81.score: 150.0
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  45. Lynn M. Grattan, David Oldach & J. Glenn Morris (2001). Human Health Risks of Exposure to Pfiesteria Piscicida Environmental Exposure to Toxic Pfiesteria Piscicida Produces a Distinct Clinical Syndrome in Some Persons; Efforts to Identify the Toxin (s) Responsible for the Syndrome and to Increase Understanding of How It Disrupts the Central Nervous System Have Important Implications for Public Health. Bioscience 51 (10):853-857.score: 150.0
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  46. J. A. Gray (1984). Is There a Relationship Between Sensation Seeking and Strength of the Nervous System? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (3):441.score: 150.0
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  47. Wei He, Sanne Boesveldt, Cees de Graaf & René A. de Wijk (2014). Dynamics of Autonomic Nervous System Responses and Facial Expressions to Odors. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 150.0
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  48. Helen Hodges, Iris Reuter & Helen Pilcher (2004). I2 Prospects and Perils of Stem Cell Repair of the Central Nervous System: A Brief Guide to Current Science. In D. Rees & Steven P. R. Rose (eds.), The New Brain Sciences: Perils and Prospects. Cambridge University Press. 195.score: 150.0
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  49. Leslie L. Iversen (1979). Co-Transmitters, Modulation, and the Peripheral Nervous System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):430.score: 150.0
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  50. P. J. Lang (2014). Emotion's Response Patterns: The Brain and the Autonomic Nervous System. Emotion Review 6 (2):93-99.score: 150.0
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