Search results for 'Neuropsychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. C. Glymour (1994). On the Methods of Cognitive Neuropsychology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (3):815-35.score: 18.0
    Contemporary cognitive neuropsychology attempts to infer unobserved features of normal human cognition, or ?cognitive architecture?, from experiments with normals and with brain-damaged subjects in whom certain normal cognitive capacities are altered, diminished, or absent. Fundamental methodological issues about the enterprise of cognitive neuropsychology concern the characterization of methods by which features of normal cognitive architecture can be identified from such data, the assumptions upon which the reliability of such methods are premised, and the limits of such methods?even granting (...)
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  2. Jeffrey Bub (1994). Is Cognitive Neuropsychology Possible? Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 1:417-427.score: 18.0
    The aim of cognitive neuropsychology is to articulate the functional architecture underlying normal cognition, on the basis of cognitive performance data involving brain-damaged subjects. Glymour (forthcoming) formulates a discovery problem for cognitive neuropsychology, in the sense of formal learning theory, concerning the existence of a reliable methodology, and argues that the problem is insoluble: granted certain apparently plausible assumptions about the form of neuropsychological theories and the nature of the available evidence, a reliable methodology does not exist! I (...)
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  3. Victoria McGeer (2007). Why Neuroscience Matters to Cognitive Neuropsychology. Synthese 159 (3):347 - 371.score: 16.0
    The broad issue in this paper is the relationship between cognitive psychology and neuroscience. That issue arises particularly sharply for cognitive neurospsychology, some of whose practitioners claim a methodological autonomy for their discipline. They hold that behavioural data from neuropsychological impairments are sufficient to justify assumptions about the underlying modular structure of human cognitive architecture, as well as to make inferences about its various components. But this claim to methodological autonomy can be challenged on both philosophical and empirical grounds. A (...)
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  4. Louise Bøttcher (2010). An Eye for Possibilities in the Development of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Neurobiology and Neuropsychology in a Cultural-Historical Dynamic Understanding. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 12 (1):3-23.score: 16.0
    Taking children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) as an example, the article seeks an understanding of children with disabilities that connects neuropsychological theories of neural development with the situated cognition perspective and the child as an active participant in its social practices. The early brain lesion of CP is reconceptualised as a neurobiological constraint that exists in the relations between the neural, cognitive and social levels. Through a multi-method study of two children with CP, it is analysed how neurobiological constraints arise, (...)
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  5. Glyn W. Humphreys (2003). Conscious Visual Representations Built From Multiple Binding Processes: Evidence From Neuropsychology. In Axel Cleeremans (ed.), The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
  6. Tony Stone & Martin Davies (1993). Cognitive Neuropsychology and the Philosophy of Mind. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (4):589-622.score: 15.0
  7. Laurence F. Mucciolo (1974). The Identity Thesis and Neuropsychology. Noûs 8 (November):327-42.score: 15.0
  8. Max Coltheart (2010). Lessons From Cognitive Neuropsychology for Cognitive Science: A Reply to Patterson and Plaut (2009). Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):3-11.score: 15.0
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  9. Andrew B. Newberg & Eugene G. D'Aquili (2000). The Neuropsychology of Religious and Spiritual Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):251-266.score: 15.0
  10. David C. Plaut & Karalyn Patterson (2010). Beyond Functional Architecture in Cognitive Neuropsychology: A Reply to Coltheart (2010). Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):12-14.score: 15.0
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  11. Lee Xenakis Blonder (1991). Human Neuropsychology and the Concept of Culture. Human Nature 2 (2):83-116.score: 15.0
    American anthropology is distinguished by a four-fields approach in which biological, cultural, archaeological, and linguistic dimensions of behavior are examined in evolutionary and cross-cultural perspective. Nevertheless, assumptions of mind-body dualism pervade scholarly thinking in anthropology and have prevented the development of a truly integrated science of human experience. This dualism is most exemplified by the lack of consideration of the role of the brain in both “physical” and “mental” processes, including phenomena labeled as cultural. In this paper, I review neural (...)
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  12. Karalyn Patterson & David C. Plaut (2009). “Shallow Draughts Intoxicate the Brain”: Lessons From Cognitive Science for Cognitive Neuropsychology. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):39-58.score: 15.0
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  13. Tim Shallice (1991). Précis of From Neuropsychology to Mental Structure. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):429-438.score: 15.0
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  14. Max Coltheart & Martin Davies (2003). Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Cortex 39 (1):188-191.score: 12.0
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  15. Martin Davies (2010). Double Dissociation: Understanding its Role in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Mind and Language 25 (5):500-540.score: 12.0
    The paper makes three points about the role of double dissociation in cognitive neuropsychology. First, arguments from double dissociation to separate modules work by inference to the best, not the only possible, explanation. Second, in the development of computational cognitive neuropsychology, the contribution of connectionist cognitive science has been to broaden the range of potential explanations of double dissociation. As a result, the competition between explanations, and the characteristic features of the assessment of theories against the criteria of (...)
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  16. Matthew Ratcliffe (2002). Heidegger's Attunement and the Neuropsychology of Emotion. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (3):287-312.score: 12.0
    I outline the early Heidegger's views on mood and emotion, and then relate his central claims to some recent finding in neuropsychology. These findings complement Heidegger in a number of important ways. More specifically, I suggest that, in order to make sense of certain neurological conditions that traditional assumptions concerning the mind are constitutionally incapable of accommodating, something very like Heidegger's account of mood and emotion needs to be adopted as an interpretive framework. I conclude by supporting Heidegger's insistence (...)
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  17. Gordon G. Gallup & Steven M. Platek (2001). Cognitive Empathy Presupposes Self-Awareness: Evidence From Phylogeny, Ontogeny, Neuropsychology, and Mental Illness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):36-37.score: 12.0
    We argue that cognitive empathy and other instances of mental state attribution are a byproduct of self-awareness. Evidence is brought to bear on this proposition from comparative psychology, early child development, neuropsychology, and abnormal behavior.
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  18. Roman Frigg & Catherine Howard, Fact and Fiction in the Neuropsychology of Art.score: 12.0
    The time honoured philosophical issue of how to resolve the mind/body problem has taken a more scientific turn of late. Instead of discussing issues of the soul and emotion and person and their reduction to a physical form, we now ask ourselves how well-understood cognitive and social concepts fit into the growing and changing field of neuropsychology. One of the many projects that have come out of this new scientific endeavour is Zaidel’s (2005) inquiry into the neuropsychological bases of (...)
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  19. Daniel L. Schacter (1990). Toward a Cognitive Neuropsychology of Awareness: Implicit Knowledge and Anosognosia. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 12:155-78.score: 12.0
  20. Martin Davies, Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology.score: 12.0
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  21. Hank Davis (2001). Too Early for a Neuropsychology of Empathy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):32-33.score: 12.0
    To date, a wide range of interdisciplinary scholarship has done little to clarify either the why or the how of empathy. Preston & de Waal (P&deW) attempt to remedy this, although it remains unclear whether empathy consists of two discrete processes, or whether a perceptual and motor component are joined in some sort of behavioral inevitability. Although it is appealing to offer a neuroanatomy of empathy, the present level of neuropsychology may not support such reductionism.
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  22. Glyn W. Humphreys & Emer M. E. Forde (2001). Hierarchies, Similarity, and Interactivity in Object Recognition: “Category-Specific” Neuropsychological Deficits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):453-476.score: 12.0
    Category-specific impairments of object recognition and naming are among the most intriguing disorders in neuropsychology, affecting the retrieval of knowledge about either living or nonliving things. They can give us insight into the nature of our representations of objects: Have we evolved different neural systems for recognizing different categories of object? What kinds of knowledge are important for recognizing particular objects? How does visual similarity within a category influence object recognition and representation? What is the nature of our (...)
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  23. Uljana Feest (2010). Concepts as Tools in the Experimental Generation of Knowledge in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):173-190.score: 12.0
    This paper asks (a) how new scientific objects of research are onceptualized at a point in time when little is known about them, and (b) how those conceptualizations, in turn, figure in the process of investigating the phenomena in question. Contrasting my approach with existing notions of concepts and situating it in relation to existing discussions about the epistemology of experimentation, I propose to think of concepts as research tools. I elaborate on the conception of a tool that informs my (...)
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  24. Grant R. Gillett (1990). Neuropsychology and Meaning in Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (1):21-39.score: 12.0
    The relationship between "causal" and "meaningful" (Jaspers) influences on behavior is explored. The nature of meaning essentially involves rules and the human practices in which they are imparted to a person and have a formative influence on that person's thinking. The meanings that come to be discerned in life experience are then important in influencing the shape of that person's conduct. The reasoning and motivational structures that develop on this basis are realized by the shape of the neural processing networks (...)
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  25. R. Buck (1993). What is This Thing Called Subjective Experience? Reflections on the Neuropsychology of Qualia. Neuropsychology 7:490-99.score: 12.0
  26. J. P. Toth, S. Lindsay, L. L. Jacoby, L. R. Squire & N. Butters (1992). The Neuropsychology of Memory. In L. R. Squire & N. Butters (eds.), Neuropsychology of Memory. Guilford Press.score: 12.0
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  27. A. Carlo Altamura Elisabetta Caletti, Riccardo A. Paoli, Alessio Fiorentini, Michela Cigliobianco, Elisa Zugno, Marta Serati, Giulia Orsenigo, Paolo Grillo, Stefano Zago, Alice Caldiroli, Cecilia Prunas, Francesca Giusti, Dario Consonni (2013). Neuropsychology, Social Cognition and Global Functioning Among Bipolar, Schizophrenic Patients and Healthy Controls: Preliminary Data. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 11.0
    This study aimed to determine the extent of impairment in social and non-social cognitive domains in an ecological context comparing bipolar (BD), schizophrenic patients (SKZ) and healthy controls (HC). The sample was enrolled at the Department of Psychiatry of Policlinico Hospital, University of Milan, it includes stabilized schizophrenic patients (n = 30), euthymic bipolar patients (n = 18) and healthy controls (n = 18). Patients and controls completed psychiatric assessment rating scales, the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) and (...)
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  28. Carlo Semenza (2009). The Neuropsychology of Proper Names. Mind and Language 24 (4):347-369.score: 10.0
    The difference between common and proper names seems to derive from specific semantic characteristics of proper names. In particular, proper names refer to specific individual entities or events, and unlike common names, rarely map onto more general semantic characteristics (attributes, concepts, categories). This fact makes the link proper names have with their reference particularly fragile. Processing proper names seems, as a consequence, to require special cognitive and neural resources. Neuropsychological findings show that proper names and common names follow functionally distinct (...)
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  29. Ran Lahav (1993). What Neuropsychology Tells Us About Consciousness. Philosophy of Science 60 (1):67-85.score: 10.0
    I argue that, contrary to some critics, the notion of conscious experience is a good candidate for denoting a distinct and scientifically interesting phenomenon in the brain. I base this claim mainly on an analysis of neuropsychological data concerning deficits resulting from various types of brain damage as well as some additional supporting empirical evidence. These data strongly point to the hypothesis that conscious experience expresses information that is available for global, integrated, and flexible behavior.
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  30. Glyn W. Humphreys & M. Jane Riddoch (1999). Disorder of Colour Consciousness: The View From Neuropsychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):956-957.score: 10.0
    We discuss the difficulty of measuring the perceptual experience of colour, supporting Palmer's assertion that neuropsychological disorders of colour processing can be informative in this respect. We point out that some disorders seem to affect the perceptual experience of colour over and above the perceptual processing of colour, providing direct insights into the neural mechanisms supporting perceptual experience.
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  31. Margherita Melloni, Claudia Urbistondo, Lucas Sedeño, Carlos Gelormini, Rafael Kichic & Agustin Ibanez (2012). The Extended Fronto-Striatal Model of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Convergence From Event-Related Potentials, Neuropsychology and Neuroimaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 10.0
    In this work, we explored convergent evidence supporting the fronto-striatal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (FSMOCD) and the contribution of event-related potential (ERP) studies to this model. First, we considered minor modifications to the FSMOCD model based on neuroimaging and neuropsychological data. We noted the brain areas most affected in this disorder -anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), basal ganglia (BG) and orbito-frontal cortex (OFC)- and their related cognitive functions, such as monitoring and inhibition. Then, we assessed the ERPs that are directly related (...)
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  32. Narly Golestani Alexis Georges Hervais-Adelman, Barbara Moser-Mercer (2011). Executive Control of Language in the Bilingual Brain: Integrating the Evidence From Neuroimaging to Neuropsychology. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 10.0
    In this review we will focus on delineating the neural substrates of the executive control of language in the bilingual brain, based on the existing neuroimaging, intracranial, transcranial magnetic stimulation and neuropsychological evidence. We will also offer insights from ongoing brain imaging studies into the development of expertise in multilingual language control. We will concentrate specifically on evidence regarding how the brain selects and controls languages for comprehension and production. This question has been addressed in a number of ways and (...)
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  33. Sterling C. Johnson Kimberly D. Farbota, Barbara B. Bendlin, Andrew L. Alexander, Howard A. Rowley, Robert J. Dempsey (2012). Longitudinal Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Neuropsychological Correlates in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 10.0
    Traumatic brain injury often involves focal cortical injury and white matter (WM) damage that can be measured shortly after injury. Additionally, slowly evolving WM change can be observed but there is a paucity of research on the duration and spatial pattern of long-term changes several years post-injury. The current study utilized diffusion tensor imaging to identify regional WM changes in 12 TBI patients and 9 healthy controls at three time points over a four-year period. Neuropsychological testing was also administered to (...)
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  34. Agustin Ibanez Margherita Melloni, Claudia Urbistondo, Lucas Sedeño, Carlos Gelormini, Rafael Kichic (2012). The Extended Fronto-Striatal Model of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Convergence From Event-Related Potentials, Neuropsychology and Neuroimaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 10.0
    In this work, we explored convergent evidence supporting the fronto-striatal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (FSMOCD) and the contribution of event-related potential (ERP) studies to this model. First, we considered minor modifications to the FSMOCD model based on neuroimaging and neuropsychological data. We noted the brain areas most affected in this disorder -anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), basal ganglia (BG) and orbito-frontal cortex (OFC)- and their related cognitive functions, such as monitoring and inhibition. Then, we assessed the ERPs that are directly related (...)
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  35. B. Bermond (2001). A Neuropsychological and Evolutionary Approach to Animal Consciousness and Animal Suffering. Animal Welfare Supplement 10:47- 62.score: 9.0
  36. Richard Cytowic (1995). Synesthesia: Phenomenology and Neuropsychology. Psyche 2 (10).score: 9.0
  37. Robyn Langdon & Max Coltheart (2000). The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Delusions. Mind and Language 15 (1):183-216.score: 9.0
  38. Martha J. Farah (1988). Is Visual Imagery Really Visual: Some Overlooked Evidence From Neuropsychology. Psychological Review 95:307-17.score: 9.0
  39. Brian L. Lancaster (1993). Self or No-Self? Converging Perspectives From Neuropsychology and Mysticism. Zygon 28 (4):507-526.score: 9.0
  40. Silvia A. Bunge & Jonathan D. Wallis (eds.) (2008). Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior. Oxford University Press.score: 9.0
    euroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior brings together, for the first time, the experiments and theories that have created the new science of rules. Rules are central to human behavior, but until now the field of neuroscience lacked a synthetic approach to understanding them. How are rules learned, retrieved from memory, maintained in consciousness and implemented? How are they used to solve problems and select among actions and activities? How are the various levels of rules represented in the brain, ranging from simple (...)
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  41. Edouard Machery (2012). Dissociations in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuroscience. Philosophy of Science 79 (4):490-518.score: 9.0
  42. Lawrence Weiskrantz (1995). The Problem of Animal Consciousness in Relation to Neuropsychology. Behavioral Brain Research 71:171-75.score: 9.0
  43. Diego Marconi (2005). Neuropsychological Data, Intuitions, and Semantic Theories. Mind and Society 4 (2):149-162.score: 9.0
    1. The issue - The reflection I am proposing was stimulated by some recent research on the mental processing of proper names. However, the issue I am raising is independent of both the particular nature of such results and the fact that they are accepted as well established. The question I would like to ask is whether (neuro)psychological results on the mental processing of language can falsify (or confirm) semantic theses about natural language. By a semantic thesis I mean something (...)
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  44. Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg (1998). The Neuropsychological Basis of Religions, or Why God Won't Go Away. Zygon 33 (2):187-201.score: 9.0
  45. Deborah Faulkner & Jonathan K. Foster (2002). The Decoupling of "Explicit" and "Implicit" Processing in Neuropsychological Disorders: Insights Into the Neural Basis of Consciousness? Psyche 8 (2).score: 9.0
  46. B. Rapp (ed.) (2001). The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology: What Deficits Reveal About the Human Mind. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.score: 9.0
    Indeed, data from impaired performance have often played a central role in our understanding of the skills and abilities of the human mind/brain This volume ...
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  47. Jeffrey Bub (1994). Testing Models of Cognition Through the Analysis of Brain-Damaged Patients. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (3):837-55.score: 9.0
    The aim of cognitive neuropsychology is to articulate the functional architecture underlying normal cognition, on the basis of congnitive performance data involving brain-damaged subjects. Throughout the history of the subject, questions have been raised as to whether the methods of neuropsychology are adequate to its goals. The question has been reopened by Glymour [1994], who formulates a discovery problem for cognitive neuropsychology, in the sense of formal learning theory, concerning the existence of a reliable methodology. It appears (...)
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  48. William A. Phillips & Steven M. Silverstein (2003). Convergence of Biological and Psychological Perspectives on Cognitive Coordination in Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):65-82.score: 9.0
    The concept of locally specialized functions dominates research on higher brain function and its disorders. Locally specialized functions must be complemented by processes that coordinate those functions, however, and impairment of coordinating processes may be central to some psychotic conditions. Evidence for processes that coordinate activity is provided by neurobiological and psychological studies of contextual disambiguation and dynamic grouping. Mechanisms by which this important class of cognitive functions could be achieved include those long-range connections within and between cortical regions that (...)
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  49. Yingxu Wang (2003). On Cognitive Informatics. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 4 (2):151-167.score: 9.0
    Supplementary to matter and energy, information is the third essence for modeling the natural world. An emerging discipline known as cognitive informatics (CI) is developed recently that forms a profound interdisciplinary study of cognitive and information sciences, and tackles the common root problems sharing by informatics, computing, software engineering, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuropsychology, philosophy, linguistics, and life science. CI focuses on internal information processing mechanisms and the natural intelligence of the brain. This paper describes the historical development of (...)
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  50. William A. Phillips & Wolf Singer (1997). In Search of Common Foundations for Cortical Computation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):657-683.score: 9.0
    It is worthwhile to search for forms of coding, processing, and learning common to various cortical regions and cognitive functions. Local cortical processors may coordinate their activity by maximizing the transmission of information coherently related to the context in which it occurs, thus forming synchronized population codes. This coordination involves contextual field (CF) connections that link processors within and between cortical regions. The effects of CF connections are distinguished from those mediating receptive field (RF) input; it is shown how CFs (...)
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