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  1. Neven Sesardic, Article.
    To operationalize the methodological assessment of evolutionary psychology, three requirements are proposed that, if satisfied, would show that a hypothesis is not a just-so story: (1) theoretical entrenchment (i.e., that the hypothesis under consideration is a consequence of a more fundamental theory that is empirically well-confirmed across a very wide range of phenomena), (2) predictive success (i.e., that the hypothesis generates concrete predictions that make it testable and eventually to a certain extent corroborated), and (3) failure of rival explanations (i.e., (...)
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  2. Neven Sesardic, Ioannis Votsis, London School of Economics.
    Does the concept of “race” find support in contemporary science, particularly in biology? No, says Naomi Zack, together with so many others who nowadays argue that human races lack biological reality. This claim is widely accepted in a number of fields (philosophy, biology, anthropology, and psychology), and Zack’s book represents only the latest defense of social constructivism in this context. There are several reasons why she fails to make a convincing case. Zack starts by arbitrarily ascribing an anachronistically essentialist connotation (...)
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  3. Neven Sesardic, Mitchell Et Al.
    philosophers of science have in succession defended and, indeed, taken seriously the following claims on the issue: (a) that reductionism is a pri- ori true, (b) that it is contingently true, (c) that it is contingently false, and (d) that it is a priori false. Of these, (a) is now completely abandoned, (b) is moribund, (c) is presently a dominant view, and (d) is an influential and controversial position (see D. Davidson, 1970), but largely restricted..
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  4. Neven Sesardic, From Genes to Incest Taboos.
    Today the idea that an evolutionary approach may be fruitful for research in the social sciences is being passionately defended by some and no less passionately contested by others. The resistance to Darwinism comes mainly in two distinct varieties. The first type of criticism is based on empirical or methodological objections against the current attempts to use evolutionary considerations to throw some light on social science explananda. The other line of opposition, however, is much harder to pin down and discuss (...)
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  5. Neven Sesardic, Gattaca.
    Imagine that you are on an intercontinental flight and that immediately after take‐off the pilot makes the following announcement: ‘Dear passengers, I hope you will join me in celebrating a wonderful achievement of one of our navigators. His name is Vincent. Vincent’s childhood dream was to become an airplane navigator but unfortunately he was declared unfit for the job because of his serious heart condition. True, he does occasionally have symptoms of heart disease like shortness of breath and chest pain, (...)
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  6. Neven Sesardic & Rafael De Clercq (2014). Women in Philosophy: Problems with the Discrimination Hypothesis. Academic Questions:01-10.
    A number of philosophers attribute the underrepresentation of women in philosophy largely to bias against women or some kind of wrongful discrimination. They cite six sources of evidence to support their contention: (1) gender disparities that increase along the path from undergraduate student to full time faculty member; (2) anecdotal accounts of discrimination in philosophy; (3) research on gender bias in the evaluation of manuscripts, grants, and curricula vitae in other academic disciplines; (4) psychological research on implicit bias; (5) psychological (...)
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  7. Neven Sesardic (2013). Confusions About Race: A New Installment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):287-293.
    In his criticism of my paper on the concept of race (Sesardic, 2010), Adam Hochman raises many issues that deserve further clarification. First, I will comment on Hochman’s claim that I attack a straw man version of racial constructionism. Second, I will try to correct what I see as a distorted historical picture of the debate between racial naturalists and racial constructionists. Third, I will point out the main weaknesses in Hochman’s own defense of constructionism about race. And fourth, I (...)
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  8. Neven Sesardić (2013). Goran Švob (1947–2013). Prolegomena 12 (1):143-145.
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  9. Neven Sesardic (2013). Synthetic Philosophy: A Manifesto. Philosophy Now 98:30-30.
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  10. Neven Sesardic, Commentary : An Explosion Without a Bang.
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  11. Neven Sesardić (2011). The Mirage of a Space Between Nature and Nurture. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (4):417-420.
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume 25, Issue 4, Page 417-420, December 2011.
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  12. Neven Sesardic (2011). Wittgenstein Without Tears. Philosophy Now 83:54-54.
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  13. Neven Sesardic (2010). Nature, Nurture, and Politics. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):433-436.
    Political imputations in science are notoriously a tricky business. I addressed this issue in the context of the nature–nurture debate in the penultimate chapter of my book Making Sense of Heritability (Cambridge U. P. 2005). Although the book mainly dealt with the logic of how one should think about heritability of psychological differences, it also discussed the role of politics in our efforts to understand the dynamics of that controversy. I first argued that if a scholar publicly defends a certain (...)
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  14. Neven Sesardic (2010). Race: A Social Destruction of a Biological Concept. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):143-162.
    It is nowadays a dominant opinion in a number of disciplines (anthropology, genetics, psychology, philosophy of science) that the taxonomy of human races does not make much biological sense. My aim is to challenge the arguments that are usually thought to invalidate the biological concept of race. I will try to show that the way “race” was defined by biologists several decades ago (by Dobzhansky and others) is in no way discredited by conceptual criticisms that are now fashionable and widely (...)
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  15. Neven Sesardić (2008). Filozofska matineja. Prolegomena 7 (2):207-222.
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  16. Neven Sesardic, Guilt by Statistical Association : Revisiting the Prosecutor's Fallacy and the Interrogator's Fallacy.
    The article focuses on prosecutor's fallacy and interrogator's fallacy, the two kinds of reasoning in inferring a suspect's guilt. The prosecutor's fallacy is a combination of two conditional probabilities that lead to unfortunate commission of error in the process due to the inclination of the prosecutor in the establishment of strong evidence that will indict the defendant. It provides a comprehensive discussion of Gerd Gigerenzer's discourse on a criminal case in Germany explaining the perils of prosecutor's fallacy in his application (...)
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  17. Neven Sesardić (2008). Philosophical Matinée. Prolegomena 7 (2):207-222.
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  18. Neven Sesardić (2007). Homoseksualni brak: pobjeda političke korektnosti i loših argumenata. Prolegomena 6 (1):5-28.
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  19. Neven Sesardić (2007). Homosexual Marriage: The Victory of Political Correctness and Bad Arguments. Prolegomena 6 (1):5-28.
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  20. Neven Sesardic (2007). Sudden Infant Death or Murder? A Royal Confusion About Probabilities. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):299 - 329.
    In this article I criticize the recommendations of some prominent statisticians about how to estimate and compare probabilities of the repeated sudden infant death and repeated murder. The issue has drawn considerable public attention in connection with several recent court cases in the UK. I try to show that when the three components of the Bayesian inference are carefully analyzed in this context, the advice of the statisticians turns out to be problematic in each of the steps.
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  21. Neven Sesardic (2003). [Book Review: Philosophy of Science and Race]. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 70 (2):447-449.
  22. Neven Sesardic (2003). Peter Danielson, Ed., Modeling Rationality, Morality and Evolution:Modeling Rationality, Morality and Evolution. Ethics 113 (2):402-405.
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  23. Neven Sesardic, Review of N. Zack, Philosophy of Science and Race. [REVIEW]
    Does the concept of “race” find support in contemporary science, particularly in biology? No, says Naomi Zack, together with so many others who nowadays argue that human races lack biological reality. This claim is widely accepted in a number of fields (philosophy, biology, anthropology, and psychology), and Zack’s book represents only the latest defense of social constructivism in this context. There are several reasons why she fails to make a convincing case.
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  24. Neven Sesardic, Review of P. Danielson (Ed.), Modeling Rationality, Morality and Evolution. [REVIEW]
    More attention perhaps could have been given to the implications of Aristotle’s repeated insistence that education should be relevant to the constitution, that democrats should be educated democratically and oligarchs oligarchically. Curren claims (p. 101) that, because education to preserve any constitution must aim to moderate the constitution, education for both oligarchs and democrats will be essentially the same. Certainly, Aristotle believes that oligarchies and democracies will be more secure if they tend toward the moderate, “middle” constitution (‘polity’). Nonetheless, if (...)
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  25. Neven Sesardic (2003). Evolution of Human Jealousy a Just-so Story or a Just-so Criticism? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (4):427-443.
    To operationalize the methodological assessment of evolutionary psychology, three requirements are proposed that, if satisfied, would show that a hypothesis is not a just-so story: (1) theoretical entrenchment (i.e., that the hypothesis under consideration is a consequence of a more fundamental theory that is empirically well-confirmed across a very wide range of phenomena), (2) predictive success (i.e., that the hypothesis generates concrete predictions that make it testable and eventually to a certain extent corroborated), and (3) failure of rival explanations (i.e., (...)
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  26. Neven Sesardic (2003). Heritability and Indirect Causation. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1002-1014.
    Genetic differences can lead to phenotypic differences either directly or indirectly (via causing differences in external environments, which then affect phenotype). This possibility of genetic effects being mediated by environmental influences is often used by scientists and philosophers to argue that heritability is not a very helpful causal or explanatory notion. In this paper it is shown that these criticisms are based on serious misconceptions about methods of behavior genetics.
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  27. Neven Sesardic (2000). Philosophy of Science That Ignores Science: Race, IQ and Heritability. Philosophy of Science 67 (4):580-602.
    Philosophers of science widely believe that the hereditarian theory about racial differences in IQ is based on methodological mistakes and confusions involving the concept of heritability. I argue that this "received view" is wrong: methodological criticisms popular among philosophers are seriously misconceived, and the discussion in philosophy of science about these matters is largely disconnected from the real, empirically complex issues debated in science.
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  28. Neven Sesardic (1999). Review: Review Article: Altruism. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):457 - 466.
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  29. Neven Sesardic (1998). From Biological Inhibitions to Cultural Prohibitions, or How Not to Refute Edward Westermarck. Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):413-426.
    My aim in this paper is to take a closer look at an influential argument that purports to prove that the existence of cultural prohibitions could never be explained by biological inhibitions. The argument is two-pronged. The first prong reduces to the claim: inhibitions cannot cause prohibitions simply because inhibitions undermine the raison dêtre of prohibitions. The second strategy consists in arguing that inhibitions cannot cause prohibitions because the two differ importantly in their contents. I try to show that both (...)
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  30. Neven Sesardic (1998). Genes and Malleability. Kagaku Tetsugaku 31 (2):41-48.
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  31. Neven Sesardic (1995). Recent Work on Human Altruism and Evolution. Ethics 106 (1):128-157.
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  32. Neven Sesardic (1993). Egalitarianism and Natural Lottery. Public Affairs Quarterly 7 (1):57-69.
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  33. Neven Sesardic (1993). Heritability and Causality. Philosophy of Science 60 (3):396-418.
    The critics of "hereditarianism" often claim that any attempt to explain human behavior by invoking genes is confronted with insurmountable methodological difficulties. They reject the idea that heritability estimates could lead to genetic explanations by pointing out that these estimates are strictly valid only for a given population and that they are exposed to the irremovable confounding effects of genotype-environment interaction and genotype-environment correlation. I argue that these difficulties are greatly exaggerated, and that we would be wrong to regard them (...)
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  34. Neven Sesardić (1992). Science and Politics: Dangerous Liaisons. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 23 (1):129-151.
    In contrast to the opinion of numerous authors (e.g. R. Rudner, P. Kitcher, L. R. Graham, M. Dummett, N. Chomsky, R. Lewontin, etc.) it is argued here that the formation of opinion in science should be greatly insulated from political considerations. Special attention is devoted to the view that methodological standards for evaluation of scientific theories ought to vary according to the envisaged political uses of these theories.
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  35. Neven Sesardić (1986). Psychology Without Principle of Charity. Dialectica 40 (3):229-240.
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  36. Neven Sesardic (1985). Philosophy and Science (in Yugoslavian). Filozofska Istrazivanja 15:797-802.
    This article deals with the changing relationship between philosophy and modern science. in the beginning there was a rivalry of the two approaches due to the interest in the same subject areas. the strict demarcation between science and philosophy, which was established afterwords by logical positivists, prevented the breaking out of conflicts, but it prevented the mutual communication as well. today we are the witnesses of a greater and greater cooperation of science and philosophy and of a fruitful exchange of (...)
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  37. Neven Sesardic & Domenico Settembrini, Marxian Utopia? A Theoretical Critique of Marxism.
    The vision of a just society projected into the future lies at the very centre of Marxist theory. No standpoint can continue to be described as Marxist if it does not contain, or it if rejects, the idea of a radical change in the existing state of affairs; there can be no Marxism without the idea of communism. However, this projection of a globally different, more humane form of society, is not characteristic of Marxism alone. It is the common feature (...)
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  38. Neven Sesardić (1979). The Heritage of the Vienna Circle. Grazer Philosophische Studien 9:121-129.
    This article presents a criticism of the widespread assumption that the programme of the Vienna Circle has been proven to be unrealizable and, therefore, that it is today quite uninteresting and to be entirely abandoned. The basic aim of logical positivists was to raise philosophy to the rigour and high standards of contemporary science. It must be admitted that they were unsuccessful in their attempts to eliminate old-fashioned and conservative philosophy by proving it to be senseless. There is in fact (...)
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