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  1.  331 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1969). The Allocation of Exotic Medical Lifesaving Therapy. Ethics 79 (3):173-186.
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  2.  161 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2008). Moral Objectivity. Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):393-409.
    The aim of this essay is to set out an argument for moral objectivity. A brief sketch of the considerations at issue should help make it possible to keep sight of the forest amid the profusion of trees.
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  3.  98 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1997). H2O: Hempel-Helmer-Oppenheim, an Episode in the History of Scientific Philosophy in the 20th Century. Philosophy of Science 64 (2):334 - 360.
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  4.  87 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1971). Counterfactual Hypotheses, Laws, and Dispositions. Noûs 5 (2):157-178.
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  5.  66 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1978). Philosophical Disagreement: An Essay Towards Orientational Pluralism in Metaphilosophy. Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):217 - 251.
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  6.  65 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2008). Free Will: A Philosophical Reappraisal. Transaction Publishers.
    Introduction -- The nature of free will -- Requirements of freedom : preeminently deliberation -- Free will requires the absence of thought-external -- Determination over choices and decisions -- Choice and decision are crucial -- Doing and trying -- Free action and agent causality -- Modes of freedom -- Metaphysical and moral freedom -- Moral freedom is removed by manipulation and especially -- Compulsion -- Intention and moral standing -- Moral freedom of the will involves agent intent and motivation -- (...)
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  7.  61 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1993). Pluralism: Against the Demand for Consensus. Oxford University Press.
    Nicholas Rescher presents a critical reaction against two currently influential tendencies of thought. On the one hand, he rejects the facile relativism that pervades contemporary social and academic life. On the other hand, he opposes the rationalism inherent in neo-contractarian theory--both in the idealized communicative-contract version promoted in continental European political philosophy by J;urgen Habermas, and in the idealized social contract version of the theory of political justice promoted in the Anglo-American context by John Rawls. Against such tendencies, Rescher's pluralist (...)
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  8.  60 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher & Paul Oppenheim (1955). Logical Analysis of Gestalt Concepts. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (August):89-106.
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  9.  59 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1974). Foundationalism, Coherentism, and the Idea of Cognitive Systematization. Journal of Philosophy 71 (19):695-708.
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  10.  51 DLs
    Herbert A. Simon & Nicholas Rescher (1966). Cause and Counterfactual. Philosophy of Science 33 (4):323-340.
    It is shown how a causal ordering can be defined in a complete structure, and how it is equivalent to identifying the mechanisms of a system. Several techniques are shown that may be useful in actually accomplishing such identification. Finally, it is shown how this explication of causal ordering can be used to analyse causal counterfactual conditionals. First the counterfactual proposition at issue is articulated through the device of a belief-contravening supposition. Then the causal ordering is used to provide modal (...)
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  11.  46 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher, Underdetermination.
    Underdetermination can take many forms apart from the familiar case of the underdetermination of nature’s laws by the observed phenomena. Of particular interest here is the potential of underdetermination of nature’s phenomena by nature’s laws. The paper considers various ways in which this prospect might come to be realized, and goes on to consider some of the wider implications of this circumstance.
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  12.  45 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2004). Plurality Quantification Revisited. Philosophical Inquiry 26 (1-2):1-6.
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  13.  43 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1961). Non-Deductive Rules of Inference and Problems in the Analysis of Inductive Reasoning. Synthese 13 (3):242 - 251.
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  14.  41 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1960). Choice Without Preference. A Study of the History and of the Logic of the Problem of “Buridan's Ass”. Kant-Studien 51 (1-4):142-175.
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  15.  41 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher & John Robison (1964). Can One Infer Commands From Commands? Analysis 24 (5):176 - 179.
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  16.  38 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2004). Value Matters: Studies in Axiology. Ontos Verlag.
    The overall synoptic view of fundamental issues in the theory of value are discussed in this work, which includes the following chapters: (1) By the Standards ...
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  17.  37 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher & Zane Parks (1973). Possible Individuals, Trans-World Identity, and Quantified Modal Logic. Noûs 7 (4):330-350.
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  18.  37 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher, Anaximander and the Antikythera Mechanism.
    The latest computerized reconstruction of the “Antikythera mechanism” reveals a striking similarity to the model of the universe of Anaximander of Miletus.
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  19.  36 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1998). The Role of Rhetoric in Rational Argumentation. Argumentation 12 (2):315-323.
    The structure of this discussion will be tripartite. First it will set out a way of distinguishing between rhetoric and strictly rational argumentation. Next it will consider some of the ramifications of this proposed way of looking at the matter – in particular what its implications are for rationality and for rhetoric, respectively. Finally it examines how this perspective bears on the project of philosophizing. The paper's ultimate aim, accordingly, is to consider what light such an analysis can shed upon (...)
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  20.  36 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1990). Human Interests: Reflections on Philosophical Anthropology. Stanford University Press.
    Philosophical anthropology is the philosophical study of the conditions of human existence and the issues that confront people in the conduct of their everyday lives. This book surveys, from a contemplative, philosophical point of view, a wide variety of human-interest issues, including happiness, luck, aging, the meaning of life, optimism and pessimism, morality, and faith and belief. The author's deliberations blend historical, theoretical, and personal perspectives into philosophical appreciation of the human condition. The philosophers of Greek antiquity took philosophy to (...)
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  21.  36 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2010). Reality and its Appearance. Continuum.
    Reality vs. appearance -- How truth thought "agrees" with reality -- Cognitive access to reality -- Problems of fallibilism -- Scientific realism -- The rationale of realism.
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  22.  33 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher, Process Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  23.  33 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2000). Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science. Oxford University Press.
    Exploring the central ideas of traditional metaphysics--such as the simplicity of nature, its comprehensibility, or its systematic integrity--this book analyzes looking at such notions from a scientific point of view. It seeks to describe in a clear, accessible manner the metaphysical situation that characterizes the process of inquiry in natural science, aiming to shed light on reality by examining the modus operandi of natural science itself and focusing as much on its findings as on its conceptual and methodological presuppositions. Written (...)
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  24.  33 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher, Reductio Ad Absurdum. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  25.  32 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2001). Philosophical Reasoning: A Study in the Methodology of Philosophizing. Blackwell Publishers.
    This book is a study in the methodology of philosophical inquiry.
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  26.  32 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (ed.) (1969). Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel. Reidel.
    ... sentence in the system has one of a finite or infinite set of N. Rescher et at. (eds.), Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel. ...
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  27.  31 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher & Patrick Grim (2008). Plenum Theory. Noûs 42 (3):422-439.
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  28.  31 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1977). Dialectics: A Controversy-Oriented Approach to the Theory of Knowledge. State University of New York Press.
    tational background of dialectic: the structure of formal disputation. Formal disputation Perhaps the clearest, and surely historically the most prominent, ...
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  29.  29 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1999). How Many Possible Worlds Are There? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):403-420.
    In recent years possible worlds and individuals have been in philosophical vogue, playing an important role in logical semantics, analytic metaphysics, linguistic theory, and elsewhere. In the enthusiasm over this much-promising device people have lost sight of the fact that the actual identification and introduction of such possibilia is effectively impossible. For the prospect of ostensive confrontation is here lost, and the purely descriptive individuation of nonexistent individuals is an altogether impracticable project. The very most we can accomplish here is (...)
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  30.  27 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1990). How Wide is the Gap Between Facts and Values? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:297-319.
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  31.  26 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1980). Conceptual Schemes. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):323-346.
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  32.  26 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1980). Scientific Truth and the Arbitrament of Praxis. Noûs 14 (1):59-74.
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  33.  26 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2008). Ontology in Cognitive Perspective. Axiomathes 18 (1):25-36.
    Ontology cannot be left to the natural sciences, if only because it deals also with hypothetical and fictional objects. It pivots about proto-categorical issues relating to the features of objects of any and all kinds. This brings into its range issues that test the limits of knowledge by asking questions that are inherently unanswerable (for example: “What is an instance of an occurrence that no one ever mentions?”). And it raises issues of norms and values that science (in its usual (...)
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  34.  26 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1958). Can There Be Random Individuals? Analysis 18 (5):114 - 117.
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  35.  25 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher & Alan Ross Anderson (1962). Conditional Permission in Deontic Logic. Philosophical Studies 13 (1-2):1 - 6.
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  36.  25 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2012). The Problem of Future Knowledge. Mind and Society 11 (2):149-163.
    The paper argues that future knowledge will in substantial measure be inscrutable for us today, with the principal exception of facts about the past. The paper considers the reasons for this circumstance and examines its wider implications for the condition of human knowledge.
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  37.  24 DLs
    Patrick Grim & Nicholas Rescher (2013). How Modeling Can Go Wrong. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):75-80.
    Modeling and simulation clearly have an upside. My discussion here will deal with the inevitable downside of modeling — the sort of things that can go wrong. It will set out a taxonomy for the pathology of models — a catalogue of the various ways in which model contrivance can go awry. In the course of that discussion, I also call on some of my past experience with models and their vulnerabilities.
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  38.  24 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2013). Kant's Neoplatonism: Kant and Plato on Mathematical and Philosophical Method. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):69-78.
    Both Plato and Kant devote much attention and care to deliberating about their method of philosophizing. And, interestingly, both seek to expand and explain their view of philosophical method by one selfsame strategy: explaining the contrast between rational procedure in mathematics and in philosophy. Plato and Kant agree on a fundamental point of philosophical method that is at odds with the mathematico-demonstrative methodology of philosophy found in Spinoza and present in Christian Wolff. Both reject the axiomatic approach with its insistence (...)
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  39.  24 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1959). The Ontological Proof Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):138 – 148.
    "I began to ask myself whether there might be found a single argument which would require no other for its proof than itself alone, and would suffice to demonstrate that God truly exists." - St. Anselm.
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  40.  23 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1989). Leibniz, Keynes, and the Rabbis on a Problem of Distributive Justice. Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):337-352.
  41.  23 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1958). An Axiom System for Deontic Logic. Philosophical Studies 9 (1-2):24 - 30.
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  42.  22 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1987). Rationality and Moral Obligation. Synthese 72 (1):29 - 43.
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  43.  21 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1966). A New Look at the Problem of Innate Ideas. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 17 (3):205-218.
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  44.  21 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1962). The Revolt Against Process. Journal of Philosophy 59 (15):410-417.
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  45.  21 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1961). On the Logic of Presupposition. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (4):521-527.
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  46.  20 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1981). On the Status of “Things in Themselves” in Kant. Synthese 47 (2):289 - 299.
    For Kant, the concept of things in themselves or noumena is not a door through which we are able to exit from the phenomenal realm into the sphere of mind-independent reality. Rather, it is an epistemic, mind-imposed contrivance through which alone we are able to operate our conceptual scheme — a scheme in which objectivity and externality play a crucial role.
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  47.  20 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (2009). Fallacies Regarding Free Will. Review of Metaphysics 62 (3):575-589.
    This article identifies and criticizes fallacies found in arguments against the existence of free will. These arguments draw in a variety of issues, including: natural causation, deliberation, the relation of mind and body, agent-internal and agent-external determinism, motivation for action, and the evolutionary role of free-will. The paper contends that, in each case, the misconception at issue can be overcome by drawing appropriate distinctions, the heeding of which makes for a more viable construal of how freedom of the will—if such (...)
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  48.  20 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1955). The Identity of Indiscernibles: A Reinterpretation. Journal of Philosophy 52 (6):152-155.
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  49.  20 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher & Arnold Nat (1973). On Alternatives in Epistemic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (1):119 - 135.
  50.  19 DLs
    Nicholas Rescher (1965). New Light From Arabic Sources on Galen and the Fourth Figure of the Syllogism. Journal of the History of Philosophy 3 (1):27-41.
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