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Profile: Nicholas Ryan Smith (University of Auckland)
Profile: Nicholas D. Smith (Lewis & Clark College)
Profile: Nicholas Smith (Södertörn University Stockholm, Södertörn University)
Profile: Nicholas Ryan Smith (University of Auckland)
  1. Ken Perszyk, Nicholas J. J. Smith & Hamish Campbell, The Paradoxes of Time Travel.
    Humans have long been fascinated by the idea of visiting the past and of seeing what the future will bring. Time travel has been one of the most popular themes of science fiction. Most people have seen the TV series ‘Dr Who’ or ‘Quantum Leap’ or ‘Star Trek’. You’ve probably seen one of the ‘Back to the Future’ or ‘Terminator’ movies, or ‘Twelve Monkeys’. Time travel narratives provide fascinating plots, which exercise our imaginations in ever so many ways. But is (...)
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  2. Nicholas D. Smith (unknown). Dialogue and Discovery: A Study in Socratic Method. Philosophical Explorations:215-219.
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  3. Nicholas J. J. Smith, To Appear in Philosophy Compass.
    One of the most striking differences between Frege’s Begriffsschrift (logical system) and standard contemporary systems of logic is the inclusion in the former of the judgement stroke: a symbol which marks those propositions which are being asserted, that is, which are being used to express judgements. There has been considerable controversy regarding both the exact purpose of the judgement stroke, and whether a system of logic should include such a symbol. This paper explains the intended role of the judgement stroke (...)
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  4. Nicholas J. J. Smith, Many-Valued Logics.
    A many-valued (aka multiple- or multi-valued) semantics, in the strict sense, is one which employs more than two truth values; in the loose sense it is one which countenances more than two truth statuses. So if, for example, we say that there are only two truth values—True and False—but allow that as well as possessing the value True and possessing the value False, propositions may also have a third truth status—possessing neither truth value—then we have a many-valued semantics in the (...)
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  5. Nicholas Smith (forthcoming). Association in Husserl and Freud – Passivity and the Unconscious. In Luiz-Carlos Pereira Marcia Cavalcante Schuback (ed.), Time and Form. PUC University Press.
  6. Nicholas Smith (forthcoming). Disavowal, Ignorance and the Colonial Difference: Rethinking Phenomenology From the Start. In Délia Popa Maria Gyemant (ed.), Approches phénoménologiques de l’inconscient. Georg Olms.
     
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  7. Nicholas Smith (forthcoming). “The World Beyond Europe as Spirit: Transcendental Prejudice and Phenomenology”. Logos Kai Fainomenon (Tokyo, 2015).
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  8. Nicholas D. Smith (forthcoming). Diviners and Divination in Aristophanic Comedy. Classical Antiquity.
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  9. Nicholas J. J. Smith (forthcoming). Fuzzy Logic and Higher-Order Vagueness. In Petr Cintula, Chris Fermüller, Lluis Godo & Petr Hájek (eds.), Logical Models of Reasoning with Vague Information.
    The major reason given in the philosophical literature for dissatisfaction with theories of vagueness based on fuzzy logic is that such theories give rise to a problem of higherorder vagueness or artificial precision. In this paper I first outline the problem and survey suggested solutions: fuzzy epistemicism; measuring truth on an ordinal scale; logic as modelling; fuzzy metalanguages; blurry sets; and fuzzy plurivaluationism. I then argue that in order to decide upon a solution, we need to understand the true nature (...)
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  10. Nicholas J. J. Smith (forthcoming). Vagueness, Uncertainty and Degrees of Belief: Two Kinds of Indeterminacy—One Kind of Credence. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    If we think, as Ramsey did, that a degree of belief that P is a stronger or weaker tendency to act as if P, then it is clear that not only uncertainty, but also vagueness, gives rise to degrees of belief. If I like hot coffee and do not know whether the coffee is hot or cold, I will have some tendency to reach for a cup; if I like hot coffee and know that the coffee is borderline hot, I (...)
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  11. Nicholas A. Smith & Heather L. Strader (2014). Infant-Directed Visual Prosody: Mothers’ Head Movements and Speech Acoustics. Interaction Studies 15 (1):38-54.
    Acoustical changes in the prosody of mothers’ speech to infants are distinct and near universal. However, less is known about the visible properties of mothers’ infant-directed (ID) speech, and their relation to speech acoustics. Mothers’ head movements were tracked as they interacted with their infants using ID speech, and compared to movements accompanying their adult-directed (AD) speech. Movement measures along three dimensions of head translation, and three axes of head rotation were calculated. Overall, more head movement was found for ID (...)
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  12. Nicholas D. Smith (2014). Socratic Metaphysics? Apeiron 47 (4).
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  13. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2014). Is Evaluative Compositionality a Requirement of Rationality? Mind 123 (490):457-502.
    This paper presents a new solution to the problems for orthodox decision theory posed by the Pasadena game and its relatives. I argue that a key question raised by consideration of these gambles is whether evaluative compositionality (as I term it) is a requirement of rationality: is the value that an ideally rational agent places on a gamble determined by the values that she places on its possible outcomes, together with their mode of composition into the gamble (i.e. the probabilities (...)
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  14. John Bussanich & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) (2013). The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates. Continuum.
    Featuring chapters by leading international scholars in Ancient Philosophy, the is a comprehensive one volume reference to guide to Socrates' thought.
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  15. Ian Evans & Nicholas D. Smith (2013). Knowledge. Polity.
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  16. Nicholas D. Smith (2013). Philosophical Reflection on Petitionary Prayer. Philosophy Compass 8 (3):309-317.
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  17. Nicholas H. Smith, Rationality and Engagement : McDowell, Dreyfus and Zidane.
    The article examines John McDowell's attempt to rehabilitate the classical idea of the rational animal and Hubert Dreyfus's criticisms of that attempt. After outlining the 'engaged' conception of rationality which, in McDowell's view, enables the idea of the rational animal to shake off its intellectualist appearance, the objections posed by Dreyfus are presented that such a conception of rationality is inconsistent with the phenomena of everyday coping, characterised by non-conceptual 'involvement', and expertise, characterised by non-conceptual 'absorption'. Drawing on Michael Fried's (...)
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  18. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (2012). Response to Critics. Analytic Philosophy 53 (2):234-248.
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  19. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (2012). Reply to Rowe. Journal of Ethics 16 (3):325-338.
    In our reply to Rowe, we explain why most of what he criticizes is actually the product of his misunderstanding our argument. We begin by showing that nearly all of his Part 1 misconceives our project by defending a position we never attacked. We then question why Rowe thinks the distinction we make between motivational and virtue intellectualism is unimportant before developing a defense of the consistency of our views about different desires. Next we turn to Rowe’s criticisms of our (...)
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  20. Alexis Mourenza & Nicholas D. Smith (2012). Knowledge Is Sexy. Philo 14 (1):43-58.
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  21. Nicholas Smith (2012). Schwerpunkt: Arbeit nach dem Liberalismus. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 60 (4):509-512.
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  22. Nicholas Smith, The Temporality of Sexual Life in Husserl and Freud. Phenomenology of Eros.
    In this text I would like to show two things. Firstly, that the so-called “timelessness” of the Freudian unconscious can be elucidated through an interpretation of the concept of Nachträglichkeit, and showing thereby that there is indeed a temporality specific to the workings of the unconscious. Freud’s analysis of early psychic trauma related to sexual phenomena pointed to a serious complication for all believers in the immediate transparency of consciousness. For the “wound” itself was constituted over time, and the possibility (...)
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  23. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2012). Logic: The Laws of Truth. Princeton University Press.
    The book thus serves both as an introduction to logic itself and to the philosophy of logic."--Stewart Shapiro, editor of "The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic".
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  24. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2012). Measuring and Modelling Truth. American Philosophical Quarterly 49 (4):345-356.
    Philosophers, linguists and others interested in problems concerning natural language frequently employ tools from logic and model theory. The question arises as to the proper interpretation of the formal methods employed—of the relationship between, on the one hand, the formal languages and their set-theoretic models and, on the other hand, the objects of ultimate interest: natural language and the meanings and truth conditions of its constituent words, phrases and sentences. Two familiar answers to this question are descriptivism and instrumentalism. More (...)
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  25. Nicholas Smith & Jean-Philippe Deranty (2012). Work and the Politics of Misrecognition. Res Publica 18 (1):53-64.
    In this article we examine the idea of a politics of misrecognition of working activity. We begin by introducing a distinction between the kind of recognition and misrecognition that attaches to one’s identity, and the kind of recognition and misrecognition that attaches to one’s activity. We then consider the political significance of the latter kind of recognition and misrecognition in the context of work. Drawing first on empirical research undertaken by sociologists at the Institut für Sozialforschung in Frankfurt, we argue (...)
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  26. Hannah Tierney & Nicholas D. Smith (2012). Keith Lehrer on the Basing Relation. Philosophical Studies 161 (1):27-36.
    In this paper, we review Keith Lehrer’s account of the basing relation, with particular attention to the two cases he offered in support of his theory, Raco (Lehrer, Theory of knowledge, 1990; Theory of knowledge, (2nd ed.), 2000) and the earlier case of the superstitious lawyer (Lehrer, The Journal of Philosophy, 68, 311–313, 1971). We show that Lehrer’s examples succeed in making his case that beliefs need not be based on the evidence, in order to be justified. These cases show (...)
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  27. Nicholas Smith (2011). Self-Alteration and Temporality: The Radicalized and Universal Reductions in Husserl’s Late Thinking (au-Delà de Derrida). In Dermot Moran Hans Rainer Sepp (ed.), Phenomenology 2010 vol. 4. Selected Essays from Northern Europe: Traditions, Transitions and Challenges. Zeta Books. 51-86.
    This text argues that Husserl’s late philosophy of temporal and bodily subjectivity can only be understood by means of the interplay between different reductions. For various reasons, this decisive methodological aspect has been largely overlooked by most interpreters. As a consequence, the co-originality of the constitution of space and time, which first enables a comprehensive grasp of the originary processes in the living streaming present, has remained virtually unknown. This also means that the proper understanding of egology and intersubjectivity has (...)
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  28. Nicholas H. Smith & Jean-Philippe Deranty (eds.) (2011). New Philosophies of Labour: Work and the Social Bond. Brill.
    This volume addresses the long-standing neglect of the category of labour in critical social theory and it presents a powerful case for a new paradigm based on the anthropological significance of work and its role in shaping social bonds.
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  29. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2011). Inconsistency in the A-Theory. Philosophical Studies 156 (2):231 - 247.
    This paper presents a new argument against A-theories of time. A-theorists hold that there is an objective now (present moment) and an objective flow of time, the latter constituted by the movement of the objective now through time. A-theorists therefore want to draw different pictures of reality—showing the objective now in different positions—depending upon the time at which the picture is drawn. In this paper it is argued that the times at which the different pictures are drawn may be taken (...)
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  30. Nicholas Smith (2010). Being Human. The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49):112-113.
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  31. Nicholas Smith (2010). Towards a Phenomenology of Repression. A Husserlian Reply to the Freudian Challenge. Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis.
    This is the first book-length philosophical study of Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology and Freud’s theory of the unconscious. The book investigates the possibility for Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology to clarify Freud’s concept of the unconscious with a focus on the theory of repression as its centre. Repression is the unconscious activity of pushing something away from consciousness, while making sure that it remains active as something foreign within us. How this is possible is the main problem addressed in the work. Unlike previous (...)
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  32. Nicholas D. Smith & Andrew C. Yip (2010). Partnership with God: A Partial Solution to the Problem of Petitionary Prayer. Religious Studies 46 (3):395 - 410.
    Why would God make us ask for some good He might supply, and why would it be right for God to withhold that good unless and until we asked for it? We explain why present defences of petitionary prayer are insufficient, but argue that a world in which God makes us ask for some goods and then supplies them in response to our petitions adds value to the world that would not be available in worlds in which God simply supplied (...)
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  33. Nicholas H. Smith (2010). Peter Dews, The Idea of Evil (Oxford: Blackwell, 2008), Hardback, Isbn 9781405117043, 253 Pages,£ 50.00. [REVIEW] Critical Horizons 9 (1):99-101.
     
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  34. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2010). Truth as One and Many • by Michael Lynch. Analysis 70 (1):191-193.
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  35. Nicholas Jj Smith (2010). REVIEWS D. Hyde, Vagueness, Logic and Ontology. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (4).
     
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  36. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (2009). Socratic Teaching and Socratic Method. In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Oxford University Press.
     
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  37. Nicholas Smith (2009). “… (Why Husserl) … (Why Husserl is More Contemporary Than Time Itself) … (Time Itself) …”. SITE Magazine 26.
    Even though Husserl’s thinking has received a remarkable amount of attention over the last decades, the full extent of many of its central aspects still remains surprisingly unknown. It is in particular the development of genetic phenomenology that is at stake here, as it plunges ever deeper into “originary constitution” ferreting out the structural relations between inner time-consciousness, affectivity and intersubjectivity, while at the same time never giving up static phenomenology and a certain prioritizing of Cartesian subjectivity. In the following (...)
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  38. Nicholas D. Smith (2009). Plato's Meno. Ancient Philosophy 29 (2):414-418.
  39. Nicholas D. Smith (2009). Thomas C. Brickhouse And. In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Oxford University Press. 177.
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  40. Nicholas D. Smith (2009). The Cambridge Companion to Plato's Republic. Ancient Philosophy 29 (1):187-200.
  41. Nicholas H. Smith (2009). Work and the Struggle for Recognition. European Journal of Political Theory 8 (1):46-60.
    This article examines a neglected but crucial feature of Honneth's critical theory: its use of a concept of recognition to articulate the norms that are apposite for the contemporary world of work. The article shows that from his first writings on the structure of critical social theory in the early 1980s to the recent exchange with Nancy Fraser on recognition and redistribution, the problem of grounding a substantive critique of work under capitalism has been central to Honneth's enterprise. This answers (...)
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  42. Nicholas H. Smith & Arto Laitinen (2009). Taylor on Solidarity. Thesis Eleven 99 (1):48-70.
    After characterizing Taylor’s general approach to the problems of solidarity, we distinguish and reconstruct three contexts of solidarity in which this approach is developed: the civic, the socio-economic, and the moral. We argue that Taylor’s distinctive move in each of these contexts of solidarity is to claim that the relationship at stake poses normatively justified demands, which are motivationally demanding, but insufficiently motivating on their own. On Taylor’s conception, we need some understanding of extra motivational sources which explain why people (...)
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  43. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2009). Degree of Belief is Expected Truth Value. In Sebastiano Moruzzi & Richard Dietz (eds.), Cuts and Clouds. Vaguenesss, its Nature and its Logic. Oxford University Press.
    A number of authors have noted that vagueness engenders degrees of belief, but that these degrees of belief do not behave like subjective probabilities. So should we countenance two different kinds of degree of belief: the kind arising from vagueness, and the familiar kind arising from uncertainty, which obey the laws of probability? I argue that we cannot coherently countenance two different kinds of degree of belief. Instead, I present a framework in which there is a single notion of degree (...)
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  44. Nicholas J. J. Smith (2009). Frege's Judgement Stroke and the Conception of Logic as the Study of Inference Not Consequence. Philosophy Compass 4 (4):639-665.
    One of the most striking differences between Frege's Begriffsschrift (logical system) and standard contemporary systems of logic is the inclusion in the former of the judgement stroke: a symbol which marks those propositions which are being asserted , that is, which are being used to express judgements . There has been considerable controversy regarding both the exact purpose of the judgement stroke, and whether a system of logic should include such a symbol. This paper explains the intended role of the (...)
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  45. Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (2008). Is the Prudential Paradox in the Meno? Philosophical Inquiry 30 (3-4):175-184.
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  46. Nicholas D. Smith (2008). Modesty: A Contextual Account. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 82 (2):23 - 45.
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  47. Nicholas D. Smith (2008). Socrates in the Apology. Ancient Philosophy 11 (2):399 - 407.
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  48. Nicholas D. Smith, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) (2008). Ancient Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub..
    Part of The Blackwell Readings in Philosophy Series, this survey of ancient philosophy explores the scope of ancient philosophy, focusing on the key philosophers and their texts, examining how the foundations of philosophy as we know it were laid. Focuses on the key philosophers and their texts, from Pre-Socratic thinkers through to the Neo-Platonists Brings together the key primary writings of Thales, Xenophanes, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Gorgias, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Lucretius, Seneca, Sextus Empiricus, Plotinus, and many others Is broken down into (...)
     
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  49. Nicholas H. Smith (2008). Analysing Hope. Critical Horizons 9 (1):5-23.
    The paper contrasts two approaches to the analysis of hope: one that takes its departure from a view broadly shared by Hobbes, Locke and Hume, another that fits better with Aquinas's definition of hope. The former relies heavily on a sharp distinction between the cognitive and conative aspects of hope. It is argued that while this approach provides a valuable source of insights, its focus is too narrow and it rests on a problematic rationalistic psychology. The argument is supported by (...)
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