Search results for 'Nicolas Szilas' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nicolas Szilas & Thomas R. Shultz (1997). Prospects for Automatic Recoding of Inputs in Connectionist Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):81-82.
    Clark & Thornton present the well-established principle that recoding inputs can make learning easier. A useful goal would be to make such recoding automatic. We discuss some ways in which incrementality and transfer in connectionist networks could attain this goal.
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  2. Alessandro Guida, Fernand Gobet & Serge Nicolas (2013). Functional Cerebral Reorganization: A Signature of Expertise? Reexamining Guida, Gobet, Tardieu, and Nicolas' Two-Stage Framework. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  3. Gabriele Suder & Nina Marie Nicolas (2009). Microsoft's Partnership with UNHCR—Pro Bono Publico? Journal of Business Ethics Education 6:183-198.
    The discussion of ethics, corporate responsibility and its educational dimensions focuses primarily on CSR, corporate citizenship and philanthropic theory and practise. The partnership between Microsoft Corporation and UNHCR was launched to help the victims of the Kosovo crisis, at the same time as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation gained momentum, and in particular, at the same time as Microsoft experienced a decrease in stock value. This case study sheds light on a decade of Microsoft Corp. efforts to align business (...)
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  4. Øystein Linnebo & David Nicolas (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (299):186–197.
    where ‘aa’ is a plural term, and ‘F’ a plural predicate. Following George Boolos (1984) and others, many philosophers and logicians also think that plural expressions should be analysed as not introducing any new ontological commitments to some sort of ‘plural entities’, but rather as involving a new form of reference to objects to which we are already committed (for an overview and further details, see Linnebo 2004). For instance, the plural term ‘aa’ refers to Alice, Bob and Charlie simultaneously, (...)
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  5.  20
    David Nicolas & Patrick Caudal (2005). Types of Degrees and Types of Event Structures. In Event Arguments: Foundations and Applications. Mouton de Gruyter 277-300.
    In this paper, we investigate how certain types of predicates should be connected with certain types of degree scales, and how this can affect the events they describe. The distribution and interpretation of various degree adverbials will serve us as a guideline in this perspective. They suggest that two main types of degree scales should be distinguished: (i) quantity scales, which are characterized by the semantic equivalence of Yannig ate the cake partially and Yannig ate part of the cake; quantity (...)
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  6. David Nicolas (2009). Mereological Essentialism, Composition, and Stuff: A Reply to Kristie Miller. Erkenntnis 71 (3):425 - 429.
    In ‘Essential stuff' (2008) and ‘Stuff' (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists. - Stuff composition, the thesis that for any two portions of stuff, there exists a portion of stuff that is their mereological sum (or fusion). She does this by considering competing hypotheses about stuff, trying to (...)
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  7.  21
    David Nicolas, Can Mereological Sums Serve as the Semantic Values of Plurals?
    Abstract: Friends of plural logic—like Oliver & Smiley (2001), Rayo (2002), Yi (2005), and McKay (2006)—have argued that a semantics of plurals based on mereological sums would be too weak, and they have adduced several examples in favor of their claim. However, they have not considered various possible counter-arguments. So how convincing are their own arguments? We show that several of them are easily answered, while some others are more problematic. Overall, the case against mereological singularism—the idea that mereological sums (...)
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  8.  82
    David Nicolas (2004). The Semantics of Nouns Derived From Gradable Adjectives. In Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 8. 197-207.
    What semantics should we attribute to nouns like "wisdom" and "generosity", which are derived from gradable adjectives? We show that, from a morphosyntactic standpoint, these nouns are mass nouns. This leads us to consider and answer the following questions. How are these nouns interpreted in their various uses? What formal representations may one associate with their interpretations? How do these depend on the semantics of the adjective? And where lies the semantic unity of nouns like wisdom and generosity with the (...)
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  9.  18
    N. L. Nicolás & Saltillo Coah México (2012). Métodos Absolutos y Relativos de Muestreo (Absolute and Relative Sampling Methods). Daena 7 (1):78-84.
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  10.  14
    Juan Antonio Nicolás (2011). GW Leibniz," Obras filosóficas y científicas". Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 28:374-376.
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  11.  44
    David Nicolas (2004). Is There Anything Characteristic About the Meaning of a Count Noun? Revue de la Lexicologie 18.
    In English, some common nouns, like "cat", can be used in the singular and in the plural, while others, like "wate"r, are invariable. Moreover, nouns like "cat" can be employed with numerals like "one" and "two" and determiners like "a", "many" and "few", but neither with "much" nor "little". On the contrary, nouns like "milk" can be used with determiners like "much" and "little", but neither with "a", "one" nor "many". These two types of nouns constitute two morphosyntactic sub-classes of (...)
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  12.  8
    Antonio T. De Nicolas (1998). Disruption. Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):128-130.
  13.  37
    David Nicolas (2010). Towards a Semantics for Mass Expressions Derived From Gradable Expressions. Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes 39:163-198.
    What semantics should we attribute to mass expressions like "wisdom" and "love", which are derived from gradable expressions? We first examine how these expressions are used, then how they are interpreted in their various uses. We then propose a model to account for these data, in which derived mass nouns denote instances of properties.
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  14.  14
    Juan Antonio Nicolás (2012). Leibniz in Spanish. The Leibniz Review 22:223-229.
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  15.  9
    Yann Nicolas (1999). Les objets culturels. Philosophiques 26 (2):301-314.
    Le dernier étage de l’ Aufbau de Carnap est occupé par le type des objets culturels . L’examen des remarques fugitives de Carnap et la formulation des embarras ou des lacunes qu’elles manifestent montrent notamment, de l’intérieur, les faiblesses du cadre extensionnaliste en ce qui concerne la compréhension des objets culturels. La mention comparative de certains essais phénoménologiques d’ontologie des objets culturels suggère d’autres voies .The last floor of the Carnap's Aufbau by is inhabited by the type of cultural objects (...)
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  16.  27
    Damián Justo, Julien Dutant, Benoît Hardy-Vallée, David Nicolas & Benjamin Q. Sylvand (2003). Delegation, Subdivision, and Modularity: How Rich is Conceptual Structure? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):683-684.
    Contra Jackendoff, we argue that within the parallel architecture framework, the generality of language does not require a rich conceptual structure. To show this, we put forward a delegation model of specialization. We find Jackendoff's alternative, the subdivision model, insufficiently supported. In particular, the computational consequences of his representational notion of modularity need to be clarified.
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  17.  27
    David Nicolas, Count Nouns, Mass Nouns and Their Acquisition.
    'Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the end only describe it. For it cannot give it any foundation either. It leaves everything as it is.' 'We must do away with all explanation, and description alone must take its place.'.
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  18.  19
    David Nicolas & Florence Lefeuvre (2003). La phrase nominale existentielle et la distinction aspectuelle telique / atelique. Revue de Sémantique Et Pragmatique 14:157-173.
    L'objet de cet article est d'examiner en quoi la phrase nominale existentielle : (a) Lecture pendant toute la matinée. (b) Lecture d'un poème. (c) Lecture. peut être concernée par la distinction aspectuelle télique / atélique. Nous avons examiné les phrases qui, notamment à cause du type d'expression nominale employé, renvoient à un événement, un processus ou un état. Celles qui renvoient à un événement sont téliques, les autres sont atéliques, comme dans le cas des expressions verbales. Nous avons étudié les (...)
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  19.  12
    G. Plancher, S. NicolaS & P. Piolino (2008). Influence of Suggestion in the DRM Paradigm: What State of Consciousness is Associated with False Memory? Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1114-1122.
    We assessed the effect of suggestion on the Deese–Roediger–McDermott paradigm and associated it with the Remember–Know–Guess paradigm. Undergraduate students were given either lists of semantically related words or texts containing these words. After the recall task, if participants did not produce the critical lure, the experimenter suggested that the word had been present, using either a question or an assertion ; these conditions were compared to a condition without suggestion. Afterwards, participants took a recognition test. The results showed that strong (...)
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  20.  4
    David Nicolas, L’ambiguïté. Sémanticlopédie: Dictionnaire de Sémantique.
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  21.  4
    David Nicolas, La compositionalité: Questions conceptuelles. Sémanticlopédie : Dictionnaire de Sémantique.
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  22.  3
    Antonio T. De Nicolás (1979). The Problem of the Self-Body in the Bhagavadgītā: The Problem of Meaning. Philosophy East and West 29 (2):159 - 175.
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  23.  11
    David Nicolas, La distinction massif / comptable. Sémanticlopédie : Dictionnaire de Sémantique.
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  24.  2
    J. Bullot Nicolas (2006). The Principle of Ontological Commitment in Pre-and Postmortem Multiple Agent Tracking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):468.
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  25.  7
    Juan A. Nicolás (2011). Report: G.W. Leibniz, Obras Filosóficas y Científicas, 19 Volumes, Editorial Comares, Granada, Spain, 2007 Et Seq. History and Philosophy of Logic 31 (3):289-291.
  26.  4
    Antonio T. De Nicolas (1977). Review: Cultural Lobotomy: The Failure of Philosophy. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 27 (1):97 - 113.
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  27.  2
    Antonio T. De Nicolás (1999). Review: Meditations Through the Rg Veda: A Retrospective. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 49 (2):184 - 193.
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  28.  4
    Juan Nicolas (2010). Report: G.W. Leibniz, Obras Filosoficas y Cientificas, 19 Volumes, Editorial Comares, Granada, Spain, 2007 Et Seq. History and Philosophy of Logic 31 (3):289-291.
  29.  1
    Isaza Jhon & Duque Nicolás (2010). Sobre hipótesis e “hipertesis ”: Inmovilidad de una noción acerca de un problema inicial de la filosofía de Julio Enrique Blanco. Saga - Revista de Estudiantes de Filosofía 12.
    Nos daremos a la tarea de presentar una discusión que se encuentra en la obra del filósofo colombiano Julio Enrique Blanco, y en particular en dos de sus primeros escritos: “De la causalidad biológica I” (1917) y “Caminos de perfección” (1918). Para hacerlo debimos primero recurrir a uno de los textos centrales del inglés John Stuart Mill: Un sistema de lógica (1843). Lo que ha resultado de estas tres lecturas es la reconstrucción de una propuesta metodológica realizada por el colombiano, (...)
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  30. Tertulian Nicolas (2006). Aliénation et désaliénation: une confrontation Lukacs-Heidegger. Actuel Marx 39.
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  31. M. P. Nicolas (1938). From Nietzsche Down to Hitler. Port Washington, N.Y.,Kennikat Press.
     
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  32. Juan A. Nicolás (ed.) (2011). Guia Comares de Zubiri. Comares.
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  33. Juan A. Nicolás & Héctor Samour (eds.) (2007). Historia, Ética y Ciencia: El Impulso Crítico de la Filosofía de Zubiri. Editorial Comares.
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  34. S. Nicolas (1986). L'Esprit-Saint dans la vie de l'Eglise et du monde. Revue Thomiste 86 (4):533-535.
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  35. Juan A. Nicolás (ed.) (2010). Leibniz Und Die Entstehung der Modernität: Leibniz-Tagung in Granada, 1.-3. November 2007. F. Steiner.
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  36. Juan A. Nicolás (ed.) (2011). Leibniz y Las Ciencias Empíricas =. Editorial Comares.
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  37.  17
    Tara H. Abraham (2004). Nicolas Rashevsky's Mathematical Biophysics. Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):333 - 385.
    This paper explores the work of Nicolas Rashevsky, a Russian émigré theoretical physicist who developed a program in "mathematical biophysics" at the University of Chicago during the 1930s. Stressing the complexity of many biological phenomena, Rashevsky argued that the methods of theoretical physics -- namely mathematics -- were needed to "simplify" complex biological processes such as cell division and nerve conduction. A maverick of sorts, Rashevsky was a conspicuous figure in the biological community during the 1930s and early 1940s: (...)
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  38.  24
    Claudia D'Amico (2009). La recepción del pensamiento de Proclo en la obra de Nicolás de Cusa. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 26:107-134.
    The article analizes the several times of Proclus‘s reception by Nicholas of Cusa’s thought. The direct reading of Proclus can be established because Expositio in Parmenidem Platonis –Cod.Cus. 186– and Elementatio theological –Cod.Cus.195– (Moerbeke’s translation) and De theologia Platonis Libri VI –Cod.Cus.185– (Petrus Balbus’s translation) are in his Library in Bernkastel-Kues with his marginalia. The assimilation of doctrines can be considered assuming that the implicits and explicits references to Plato’s Diadochus, especially in the last works.
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  39.  9
    Frédéric Vengeon (2013). Infini et logique spéculative. Deux philosophies de l'absolu: Nicolas de Cues et Hegel. Archives de Philosophie 1:61-79.
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  40.  2
    Jean-Christophe Lemaitre (2013). Figures de l'unité. Schelling et Nicolas de Cues. Archives de Philosophie 1:35-59.
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  41. John R. Hampton (1955). Nicolas-Antoine Boulanger Et la Science de Son Temps. E. Droz.
     
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  42.  56
    Meg Stalcup (2015). Review of Nicolas Langlitz's Neuropsychedelia: The Revival of Hallucinogen Research Since the Decade of the Brain. [REVIEW] Somatosphere 2015.
    Humphry Osmond wrote to Aldous Huxley in 1956 proposing the term “psychedelic,” coined from two Greek words to mean “mind manifesting.” The scholars, one a psychiatrist and the other a celebrated novelist and philosopher, were exuberant about the potential of drugs for accessing the mind. Huxley favored a phrase from William Blake: -/- If the doors of perception were cleansed everything would appear to man as it is, infinite. -/- He postulated that psychedelics disturbed the “cerebral reducing valve” (1954), and (...)
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  43.  31
    Renée Bilodeau (2008). Hommage à Joseph Nicolas Kaufmann. Philosophiques 35 (2):477-482.
    Présentation du numéro spécial de la revue Philosophiques à la mémoire de Joseph Nicolas Kaufmann (1941-2002).
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  44.  43
    Inga Römer (2012). Nicolas de Warren: Husserl and the Promise of Time. Subjectivity in Transcendental Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 28 (3):251-257.
    Nicolas de Warren hat eine tiefgreifende und problemorientierte Interpretation von Husserls pha¨nomenologischen Untersuchungen der Zeit vorgelegt, in der er u¨ber eingehende Detailanalysen hinaus eine These u¨ber deren zentrale philosophische Bedeutung aufstellt: Das im Titel der Studie erwa¨hnte ,,Versprechen der Zeit‘‘1 besteht darin, dass durch die Analysen des Zeitbewusstseins die Grundlagen der transzendentalen Pha¨nomenologie u¨berhaupt zu einer Kla¨rung gelangen und damit zugleich das Fundament des pha¨nomenologischen Begriffs der Subjektivita¨t freigelegt wird. Das wahre ,,Versprechen der Zeit‘‘, so heißt es am Ende (...)
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  45.  11
    Ricardo Nascimento Fabbrini (2012). A alTermodernidade de niColAS bourriAud. Trans/Form/Ação 35 (3):259-266.
    É rara uma reflexão engenhosa sobre arte contemporânea como a do filósofo, crítico, editor e curador francês Nicolas Bourriaud. Conhecido do público brasileiro por sua participação nos “Seminários da 27ª Bienal de São Paulo”, em 2006, e pela publicação de Estética Relacional e de Pós-produção: como a arte reprograma o mundo contemporâneo, em 2009, Bourriaud tornouse referência no estudo das artes visuais a partir anos 1990. Sua ensaística vigorosa, não destituída de rigor, que mobiliza autores como Gilles Deleuze, Félix (...)
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  46.  12
    Maria Simone Marinho Nogueira (2003). La metáfora del mirar en Nicolás de Cusa. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 20:69-78.
    Al comienzo del De Visione Dei ,Nicolás de Cusa nos pone ante un icono del mirar divino y nos invita a una experiencia muy personal, a una acción inicialmente envuelta en la reflexión metafórica, la contemplación mística. Trabajando con la metáfora de la mirada, el Cusano nos sitúa ante la mirada del creador y la mirada de la creatura. En De Visione Dei, el mirar divino es creador y amante. El mirar de Dios ve, crea y ama. De esa manera, (...)
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  47.  33
    Philip Turetzky (2011). Husserl and the Promise of Time: Subjectivity in Transcendental Phenomenology, by Nicolas de Warren. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009, 322 Pp. ISBN 978-0-5218-7679-7 Hb £50.00. [REVIEW] European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):654-658.
    The problem of time consciousness was not only thought by Husserl to be the most difficult problem of phenomenology, it may legitimately claim to be, as Nicolas de Warren argues in this thought provoking book, at the root of the phenomenological project itself. For, understanding the claims Husserl makes for the fundamental status of transcendental subjectivity are required by and clarified through the detailed analysis of time consciousness.
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  48.  23
    Jasper Reid (2015). Henry More and Nicolas Malebranche's Critiques of Spinoza. European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):764-792.
    Henry More and Nicolas Malebranche, each in his own way, drew a distinction between two kinds of extension, the one indivisible and the other divisible. Spinoza also drew a comparable distinction, explaining that, insofar as extended substance was conceived intellectually, it would be grasped as indivisible, whereas, when it was instead depicted in the imagination, it would be seen as divisible. But, whereas for Spinoza these were just different views on one and the same extended substance, More and Malebranche's (...)
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  49.  14
    Jennifer Stob (2014). The Paradigms of Nicolas Bourriaud: Situationists as Vanishing Point. Evental Aesthetics 2 (4):23-54.
    Over the last decades, curator Nicolas Bourriaud has drawn significant inspiration for his writings on contemporary art from the theories of the Situationist International (SI), an avant-garde group in existence from 1957 until 1972. Mischaracterizing the SI’s concepts of the situation, détournement, and the dérive, Bourriaud claims to update these concepts with concepts of his own: relational aesthetics, detourage, and radicant aesthetics. This article identifies such misrepresentations and highlights the differences between Bourriaud’s paradigms and those of the SI. This (...)
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  50.  2
    María Socorro Fernández-García (2016). El deseo intelectual como constitutivo formal de la mente en Nicolás de Cusa. Quaestio 15:783-793.
    The possibility of the knowledge of God is a significant question in the philosophy of Nicolás of Cusa. This leads to a particular natural theology with its corresponding method of knowledge, in which the intellectual desire is a constituent element which is knowledge in itself.The desire is the natural way to tend towards the Absolute. Desiring means somehow knowing; above all, it means knowing what it is not known and for that same reason something which cannot stop being desired. Besides, (...)
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