Search results for 'Nicolas Szilas' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nicolas Szilas & Thomas R. Shultz (1997). Prospects for Automatic Recoding of Inputs in Connectionist Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):81-82.score: 240.0
    Clark & Thornton present the well-established principle that recoding inputs can make learning easier. A useful goal would be to make such recoding automatic. We discuss some ways in which incrementality and transfer in connectionist networks could attain this goal.
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  2. David A. Nicolas, David A. NICOLAS [Back to Homepage].score: 180.0
    In ‘Essential stuff’ (2008) and ‘Stuff’ (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists.
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  3. David Nicolas (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (3):186 - 197.score: 60.0
    It is now widely believed among philosophers and logicians that ordinary English contains plural terms that may refer to several things at once. But are there terms that stand to ordinary plural terms the way ordinary plural terms stand to singular terms? Let’s call such terms superplural. A superplural term would thus, loosely speaking, refer to several “pluralities” at once. It is reasonably straightforward to devise a formal logic of superplural terms, superplural predicates, and even superplural quantifiers (Rayo 2006). But (...)
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  4. Gabriele Suder & Nina Marie Nicolas (2009). Microsoft's Partnership with UNHCR—Pro Bono Publico? Journal of Business Ethics Education 6:183-198.score: 30.0
    The discussion of ethics, corporate responsibility and its educational dimensions focuses primarily on CSR, corporate citizenship and philanthropic theory and practise. The partnership between Microsoft Corporation and UNHCR was launched to help the victims of the Kosovo crisis, at the same time as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation gained momentum, and in particular, at the same time as Microsoft experienced a decrease in stock value. This case study sheds light on a decade of Microsoft Corp. efforts to align business (...)
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  5. David Nicolas, The Semantics of Nouns Derived From Gradable Adjectives.score: 30.0
    What semantics should we attribute to nouns like wisdom and generosity, which are derived from gradable adjectives? We show that, from a morphosyntactic standpoint, these nouns are mass nouns. This leads us to consider and answer the following questions. How are these nouns interpreted in their various uses? What formal representations may one associate with their interpretations? How do these depend on the semantics of the adjective? And where lies the semantic unity of nouns like wisdom and generosity with the (...)
     
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  6. Øystein Linnebo & David Nicolas (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (299):186–197.score: 30.0
    where ‘aa’ is a plural term, and ‘F’ a plural predicate. Following George Boolos (1984) and others, many philosophers and logicians also think that plural expressions should be analysed as not introducing any new ontological commitments to some sort of ‘plural entities’, but rather as involving a new form of reference to objects to which we are already committed (for an overview and further details, see Linnebo 2004). For instance, the plural term ‘aa’ refers to Alice, Bob and Charlie simultaneously, (...)
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  7. David Nicolas (2009). Mereological Essentialism, Composition, and Stuff: A Reply to Kristie Miller. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 71 (3):425 - 429.score: 30.0
    In ‘Essential stuff' (2008) and ‘Stuff' (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists. - Stuff composition, the thesis that for any two portions of stuff, there exists a portion of stuff that is their mereological sum (or fusion). She does this by considering competing hypotheses about stuff, trying to (...)
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  8. David Nicolas (2008). Mass Nouns and Plural Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):211 - 244.score: 30.0
    A dilemma put forward by Schein (1993, Plurals and events. Cambridge: MIT Press) and Rayo (2002, Nous, 36, 436-464) suggests that, in order to characterize the semantics of plurals, we should not use predicate logic, but plural logic, a formal language whose terms may refer to several things at once. We show that a similar dilemma applies to mass nouns. If we use predicate logic and sets when characterizing their semantics, we arrive at a Russellian paradox. And if we use (...)
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  9. David Nicolas, Is There Anything Characteristic About the Meaning of a Count Noun?score: 30.0
    In English, some common nouns, like cat, can be used in the singular and in the plural, while others, like water, are invariable. Moreover, nouns like cat can be employed with numerals like one and two and determiners like a, many and few, but neither with much nor little . On the contrary, nouns like milk can be used with determiners like much and little, but neither with a, one nor many. These two types of nouns constitute two morphosyntactic sub-classes (...)
     
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  10. David Nicolas, Towards a Semantics for Mass Expressions Derived From Gradable Expressions.score: 30.0
    What semantics should we attribute to mass expressions like "wisdom" and "love", which are derived from gradable expressions? We first examine how these expressions are used, then how they are interpreted in their various uses. We then propose a model to account for these data, in which derived mass nouns denote instances of properties.
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  11. Damián Justo, Julien Dutant, Benoît Hardy-Vallée, David Nicolas & Benjamin Q. Sylvand (2003). Delegation, Subdivision, and Modularity: How Rich is Conceptual Structure? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):683-684.score: 30.0
    Contra Jackendoff, we argue that within the parallel architecture framework, the generality of language does not require a rich conceptual structure. To show this, we put forward a delegation model of specialization. We find Jackendoff's alternative, the subdivision model, insufficiently supported. In particular, the computational consequences of his representational notion of modularity need to be clarified.
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  12. David Nicolas, Count Nouns, Mass Nouns and Their Acquisition.score: 30.0
    'Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the end only describe it. For it cannot give it any foundation either. It leaves everything as it is.' 'We must do away with all explanation, and description alone must take its place.'.
     
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  13. David Nicolas, Types of Degrees and Types of Event Structures.score: 30.0
    In this paper, we investigate how certain types of predicates should be connected with certain types of degree scales, and how this can affect the events they describe. The distribution and interpretation of various degree adverbials will serve us as a guideline in this perspective. They suggest that two main types of degree scales should be distinguished: (i) quantity scales, which are characterized by the semantic equivalence of Yannig ate the cake partially and Yannig ate part of the cake; quantity (...)
     
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  14. G. Plancher, S. NicolaS & P. Piolino (2008). Influence of Suggestion in the DRM Paradigm: What State of Consciousness is Associated with False Memory? Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1114-1122.score: 30.0
  15. David Nicolas, La Phrase Nominale Existentielle Et la Distinction Aspectuelle Telique / Atelique.score: 30.0
    L'objet de cet article est d'examiner en quoi la phrase nominale existentielle : (a) Lecture pendant toute la matinée. (b) Lecture d'un poème. (c) Lecture. peut être concernée par la distinction aspectuelle télique / atélique. Nous avons examiné les phrases qui, notamment à cause du type d'expression nominale employé, renvoient à un événement, un processus ou un état. Celles qui renvoient à un événement sont téliques, les autres sont atéliques, comme dans le cas des expressions verbales. Nous avons étudié les (...)
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  16. Juan A. Nicolás (2011). Report: G.W. Leibniz, Obras Filosóficas y Científicas , 19 Volumes, Editorial Comares, Granada, Spain, 2007 Et Seq. History and Philosophy of Logic 31 (3):289-291.score: 30.0
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  17. David Nicolas, La Distinction Massif / Comptable.score: 30.0
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  18. Juan Antonio Nicolás (2012). Leibniz in Spanish. The Leibniz Review 22:223-229.score: 30.0
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  19. Juan Nicolas (2010). Report: G.W. Leibniz, Obras Filosoficas y Cientificas, 19 Volumes, Editorial Comares, Granada, Spain, 2007 Et Seq. History and Philosophy of Logic 31 (3):289-291.score: 30.0
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  20. Antonio T. De Nicolas (1977). Review: Cultural Lobotomy: The Failure of Philosophy. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 27 (1):97 - 113.score: 30.0
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  21. Juan Antonio Nicolás (2011). GW Leibniz," Obras filosóficas y científicas". Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 28:374-376.score: 30.0
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  22. Antonio T. De Nicolás (1999). Review: Meditations Through the Rg Veda: A Retrospective. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 49 (2):184 - 193.score: 30.0
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  23. Antonio T. De Nicolás (1979). The Problem of the Self-Body in the Bhagavadgītā: The Problem of Meaning. Philosophy East and West 29 (2):159 - 175.score: 30.0
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  24. Isaza Jhon & Duque Nicolás (2010). Sobre hipótesis e “hipertesis ”: Inmovilidad de una noción acerca de un problema inicial de la filosofía de Julio Enrique Blanco. Saga - Revista de Estudiantes de Filosofía 12.score: 30.0
    Nos daremos a la tarea de presentar una discusión que se encuentra en la obra del filósofo colombiano Julio Enrique Blanco, y en particular en dos de sus primeros escritos: “De la causalidad biológica I” (1917) y “Caminos de perfección” (1918). Para hacerlo debimos primero recurrir a uno de los textos centrales del inglés John Stuart Mill: Un sistema de lógica (1843). Lo que ha resultado de estas tres lecturas es la reconstrucción de una propuesta metodológica realizada por el colombiano, (...)
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  25. David Nicolas, Can Mereological Sums Serve as the Semantic Values of Plurals?score: 30.0
    Abstract: Friends of plural logic—like Oliver & Smiley (2001), Rayo (2002), Yi (2005), and McKay (2006)—have argued that a semantics of plurals based on mereological sums would be too weak, and they have adduced several examples in favor of their claim. However, they have not considered various possible counter-arguments. So how convincing are their own arguments? We show that several of them are easily answered, while some others are more problematic. Overall, the case against mereological singularism—the idea that mereological sums (...)
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  26. Antonio T. De Nicolas (1998). Disruption. Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):128-130.score: 30.0
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  27. M. P. Nicolas (1938/1970). From Nietzsche Down to Hitler. Port Washington, N.Y.,Kennikat Press.score: 30.0
     
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  28. Juan A. Nicolás (ed.) (2011). Guia Comares de Zubiri. Comares.score: 30.0
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  29. Juan A. Nicolás & Héctor Samour (eds.) (2007). Historia, Ética y Ciencia: El Impulso Crítico de la Filosofía de Zubiri. Editorial Comares.score: 30.0
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  30. David Nicolas, L’Ambiguïté.score: 30.0
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  31. David Nicolas, La Compositionalité: Questions Conceptuelles.score: 30.0
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  32. Juan A. Nicolás (ed.) (2010). Leibniz Und Die Entstehung der Modernität: Leibniz-Tagung in Granada, 1.-3. November 2007. F. Steiner.score: 30.0
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  33. Juan A. Nicolás (ed.) (2011). Leibniz y Las Ciencias Empíricas =. Editorial Comares.score: 30.0
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  34. David Nicolas, Mass Nouns and Non-Singular Logic.score: 30.0
    A dilemma put forward by Schein (1993) and Rayo (2002) suggests that, in order to characterize the semantics of plurals, we should not use predicate logic, but non-singular logic, a formal language whose terms may refer to several things at once. We show that a similar dilemma applies to mass nouns. If we use predicate logic and sets, we arrive at a Russellian paradox when characterizing the semantics of mass nouns. Likewise, a semantics of mass nouns based upon predicate logic (...)
     
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  35. Tara H. Abraham (2004). Nicolas Rashevsky's Mathematical Biophysics. Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):333 - 385.score: 24.0
    This paper explores the work of Nicolas Rashevsky, a Russian émigré theoretical physicist who developed a program in "mathematical biophysics" at the University of Chicago during the 1930s. Stressing the complexity of many biological phenomena, Rashevsky argued that the methods of theoretical physics -- namely mathematics -- were needed to "simplify" complex biological processes such as cell division and nerve conduction. A maverick of sorts, Rashevsky was a conspicuous figure in the biological community during the 1930s and early 1940s: (...)
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  36. Claudia D'Amico (2009). La recepción del pensamiento de Proclo en la obra de Nicolás de Cusa. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 26:107-134.score: 21.0
    The article analizes the several times of Proclus‘s reception by Nicholas of Cusa’s thought. The direct reading of Proclus can be established because Expositio in Parmenidem Platonis –Cod.Cus. 186– and Elementatio theological –Cod.Cus.195– (Moerbeke’s translation) and De theologia Platonis Libri VI –Cod.Cus.185– (Petrus Balbus’s translation) are in his Library in Bernkastel-Kues with his marginalia. The assimilation of doctrines can be considered assuming that the implicits and explicits references to Plato’s Diadochus, especially in the last works.
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  37. Frédéric Vengeon (2013). Infini et logique spéculative. Deux philosophies de l'absolu: Nicolas de Cues et Hegel. Archives de Philosophie 1:61-79.score: 21.0
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  38. [deleted]Serge Nicolas Alessandro Guida, Fernand Gobet (2013). Functional Cerebral Reorganization: A Signature of Expertise? Reexamining Guida, Gobet, Tardieu, and Nicolas' (2012) Two-Stage Framework. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 21.0
    Functional cerebral reorganization: a signature of expertise? Reexamining Guida, Gobet, Tardieu, and Nicolas' (2012) two-stage framework.
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  39. Jean-Christophe Lemaitre (2013). Figures de l'unité. Schelling et Nicolas de Cues. Archives de Philosophie 1:35-59.score: 21.0
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  40. Houy Nicolas (2008). Choice Functions with States of Mind. Theory and Decision 65 (1):1-26.score: 20.0
    An agent is rational by dominance then states of mind (DSM) if he makes his decisions by, first, preselecting the alternatives that are not dominated by any other alternative in the choice set, and second, by choosing the preselected alternative corresponding to his state of mind. This state of mind is dependent on the previous choices he made. An agent is rational by states of mind then dominance (SMD) if he makes his decisions by, first, preselecting the alternatives corresponding to (...)
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  41. Paola Nicolas (2012). Les "instances" de Desgabets: Supplément aux objections de Gassendi et Arnauld. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 110 (3):471-493.score: 20.0
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  42. Yann Nicolas (1999). Les objets culturels. Philosophiques 26 (2):301-314.score: 20.0
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  43. N. L. Nicolás & Saltillo Coah México (2012). Métodos Absolutos y Relativos de Muestreo (Absolute and Relative Sampling Methods). Daena 7 (1):78-84.score: 20.0
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  44. Pía López‐Jornet, Yolanda Martínez‐Beneyto, Antonio Velandrino Nicolás & Vicente Jornet García (2009). Professional Attitudes Toward Oral Lichen Planus: Need for National and International Guidelines. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):541-542.score: 20.0
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  45. Tertulian Nicolas (2006). Aliénation et désaliénation: une confrontation Lukacs-Heidegger. Actuel Marx 39.score: 20.0
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  46. S. Nicolas (1986). L'Esprit-Saint Dans la Vie de l'Eglise Et du Monde. Revue Thomiste 86 (4):533-535.score: 20.0
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  47. Houy Nicolas (2007). Rationality and Order-Dependent Sequential Rationality. Theory and Decision 62 (2):119-134.score: 20.0
    We show that an individual using a choice function is sequentially rational and the decisions he makes are independent of the order of implementation of the rationales if and only if he is rational with the union of the rationales as a base binary relation. When he makes his decisions following a choice correspondence, the sufficiency part of this claim still holds, the necessity part of it does not.
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  48. J. Bullot Nicolas (2006). The Principle of Ontological Commitment in Pre-and Postmortem Multiple Agent Tracking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):468.score: 20.0
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  49. Philip Turetzky (2011). Husserl and the Promise of Time: Subjectivity in Transcendental Phenomenology, by Nicolas de Warren. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009, 322 Pp. ISBN 978-0-5218-7679-7 Hb £50.00. [REVIEW] European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):654-658.score: 18.0
    The problem of time consciousness was not only thought by Husserl to be the most difficult problem of phenomenology, it may legitimately claim to be, as Nicolas de Warren argues in this thought provoking book, at the root of the phenomenological project itself. For, understanding the claims Husserl makes for the fundamental status of transcendental subjectivity are required by and clarified through the detailed analysis of time consciousness.
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  50. Inga Römer (2012). Nicolas de Warren: Husserl and the Promise of Time. Subjectivity in Transcendental Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 28 (3):251-257.score: 18.0
    Nicolas de Warren hat eine tiefgreifende und problemorientierte Interpretation von Husserls pha¨nomenologischen Untersuchungen der Zeit vorgelegt, in der er u¨ber eingehende Detailanalysen hinaus eine These u¨ber deren zentrale philosophische Bedeutung aufstellt: Das im Titel der Studie erwa¨hnte ,,Versprechen der Zeit‘‘1 besteht darin, dass durch die Analysen des Zeitbewusstseins die Grundlagen der transzendentalen Pha¨nomenologie u¨berhaupt zu einer Kla¨rung gelangen und damit zugleich das Fundament des pha¨nomenologischen Begriffs der Subjektivita¨t freigelegt wird. Das wahre ,,Versprechen der Zeit‘‘, so heißt es am Ende (...)
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