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Profile: Nikolay Milkov (Universität-GH Paderborn)
  1. Nikolay Milkov, The Method of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus: Towards a New Interpretation.
    This paper introduces a novel interpretation of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, a work widely held to be one of the most intricate in the philosophical canon. What’s original to this interpretation is that it reads the Tractatus as advancing a new logical symbolism that enables one to “recognize the formal properties [the logic] of propositions by mere inspection of propositions themselves” (6.122). When viewed in this way, we discover that the Tractatus is a vehicle for elucidating our language. Unlike a mere physical (...)
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  2. Nikolay Milkov (2013). Carl Hempel: Whose Philosopher? In N. Milkov & V. Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer, pp. 293-308. 293--309.
    Recently, Michael Friedman has claimed that virtually all the seeds of Hempel’s philosophical development trace back to his early encounter with the Vienna Circle (Friedman 2003, 94). As opposed, however, to Friedman’s view of the principal early influences on Hempel, we shall see that those formative influences originated rather with the Berlin Group. Hempel, it is true, spent the fall term of 1929 as a student at the University of Vienna, and, thanks to a letter of recommendation from Hans Reichenbach, (...)
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  3. Nikolay Milkov (2013). Inference and the Metaphysics of Reason. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 14 (1):134-7.
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  4. Nikolay Milkov (2013). Kant’s Transcendental Turn as a Second Phase in the Logicization of Philosophy. In Stefano Bacin (ed.), Kant and Philosophy in a Cosmopolitan Sense, vol. 1. de Gruyter. 653-666.
    This paper advances an assessment of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason made from a bird’s eye view. Seen from this perspective, the task of Kant’s work was to ground the spontaneity of human reason, preserving at the same time the strict methods of science and mathematics. Kant accomplished this objective by reviving an old philosophical discipline: the peirastic dialectic of Plato and Aristotle. What is more, he managed to combine it with logic. From this blend, Kant’s transcendental idealism appeared as (...)
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  5. Nikolay Milkov (2013). Review of "Inference and the Metaphysics of Reason: An Onto- Epistemological Critique". [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 14 (1):134-137.
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  6. Nikolay Milkov (2013). The Berlin Group and the Vienna Circle: Affinities and Divergences. In N. Milkov & V. Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer, pp. 3-32. 3--32.
    The Berlin Group was an equal partner with the Vienna Circle as a school of scientific philosophy, albeit one that pursued an itinerary of its own. But while the latter presented its defining projects in readily discernible terms and became immediately popular, the Berlin Group, whose project was at least as sig-nificant as that of its Austrian counterpart, remained largely unrecognized. The task of this chapter is to distinguish the Berliners’ work from that of the Vienna Circle and to bring (...)
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  7. Nikolay Milkov (2013). The Joint Philosophical Program of Russell and Wittgenstein and Its Demise. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 2 (2):81-105.
    Between April and November 1912, Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein were engaged in a joint philosophical program. Wittgenstein‘s meeting with Gottlob Frege in December 1912 led, however, to its dissolution – the joint program was abandoned. Section 2 of this paper outlines the key points of that program, identifying what Russell and Wittgenstein each contributed to it. The third section determines precisely those features of their collaborative work that Frege criticized. Finally, building upon the evidence developed in the preceding two (...)
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  8. Nikolay Milkov & Volker Peckhaus (eds.) (2013). The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer.
    The Berlin Group for scientific philosophy was active between 1928 and 1933 and was closely related to the Vienna Circle. In 1930, the leaders of the two Groups, Hans Reichenbach and Rudolf Carnap, launched the journal Erkenntnis. However, between the Berlin Group and the Vienna Circle, there was not only close relatedness but also significant difference. Above all, while the Berlin Group explored philosophical problems of the actual practice of science, the Vienna Circle, closely following Wittgenstein, was more interested in (...)
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  9. Nikolay Milkov (2012). Karl Popper's Debt to Leonard Nelson. Grazer Philosophische Studien 86 (1):137-56.
    Karl Popper has often been cast as one of the most solitary figures of twentieth-century philosophy. The received image is of a thinker who developed his scientific philosophy virtually alone and in opposition to a crowd of brilliant members of the Vienna Circle. This paper challenges the received view and undertakes to correctly situate on the map of the history of philosophy Popper’s contribution, in particular, his renowned fallibilist theory of knowledge. The motive for doing so is the conviction that (...)
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  10. Nikolay Milkov (2012). The Construction of the Logical World: Frege and Wittgenstein on Fixing Boundaries of Human Thought. In Elisabeth Nemeth (ed.), Crossing Borders: Thinking (Across) Boundaries. University of Vienna, pp. 151-61.
    The paper presents a new approach to the history of analytic philosophy. Instead of exploring different kinds of analysis (Michael Beaney), or to marry analytic philosophy to the analytic / synthetic distinction (Scott Soames), we turn attention to the fact that it was rooted in two different types of logical constructing. The discrepancy between the two concepts of logical constructing produced much unclarity in our understanding of analytic philosophy.
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  11. Nikolay Milkov (2012). The Cement of Social Alchemy: Philosophical Analysis of Mind Group and Personal Identity. In O. J. Schulz & B. E. Koch (eds.), New Developments in Anthropology Research. Nova Science, pp. 53-69.
    This essay advances an original theory of mind-group and personal identity and at the same time critically examines related concepts in the work of Peter Strawson and Harry Frankfurt. A mind group is here defined as a kind of social group that is built up by way of the practical beliefs, desires, and preferences of those who make up the group. Part One of the paper introduces a summative model of mind-group identity. It explicates social life as a net of (...)
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  12. Nikolay Milkov (2012). Wittgenstein’s Method: The Third Phase of Its Development (1933–36). In Marques Antonio (ed.), Knowledge, Language and Mind: Wittgenstein’s Early Investigations. de Gruyter.
    Wittgenstein’s interpreters are undivided that the method plays a central role in his philosophy. This would be no surprise if we have in mind the Tractarian dictum: “philosophy is not a body of doctrine but an activity” (4.112). After 1929, Wittgenstein’s method evolved further. In its final form, articulated in Philosophical Investigations, it was formulated as different kinds of therapies of specific philosophical problems that torment our life (§§ 133, 255, 593). In this paper we follow the changes in Wittgenstein’s (...)
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  13. Nikolay Milkov (2011). A Logical–Contextual History of Philosophy. Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):21-29.
    Many philosophers affiliated with the analytic school contend that the history of philosophy is not relevant to their work. The present study challenges this claim by introducing a strong variant of the philosophical history of philosophy termed the “logical–contextual history of philosophy.” Its objective is to map the “logical geography” of the concepts and theories of past philosophical masters, concepts and theories that are not only genealogically, but also logically related. Such history of philosophy cannot be set in opposition to (...)
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  14. Nikolay Milkov (2011). Hans Reichenbachs Wissenschaftliche Philosophie. In , Hans Reichenbach: Ziele und Wege der heutigen Naturphilosophie. Felix Meiner.
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  15. Nikolay Milkov (2011). Towards a Reistic Social-Historical Philosophy. In Petrov V. (ed.), Ontological Landscapes: Recent Thought on Conceptual Interfaces between Science and Philosophy. Ontos.
    The present essay advances a theory of social reality which concurs with the formal ontology developed in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. Furthermore, we identify this formal ontology as reistic but in a rather wide sense: in the sense that social objects are primary whereas social relations are super-structured over them. This thesis has been developed in opposition to John Searle’s claim, made in his book Construction of Social Reality (1995), that the building blocks of social reality are institutions. We do not claim (...)
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  16. Nikolay Milkov (2011). XII. Towards a Reistic Social—Historical. In Petrov V. (ed.), Ontological Landscapes: Recent Thought on Conceptual Interfaces Between Science and Philosophy. Ontos. 245.
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  17. Nikolay Milkov (2011). Sexual Experience. In McEnvoy Adrienne (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship, vol. 2. Rodopi.
    The paper follows an ontological approach in analyzing sexual experience. Sexual experience is defined as: (i) an experience in action. Correspondingly, its individuals are of two different types: (a) sense-data and (b) gestures. (ii) It is a kind of knowledge—a typical synthetic a posteriori knowledge (a virgin cannot know what sexual experience could be). (iii) It is a kind of anti-realist knowledge—its objects are constructed in the process of knowing. (iv) Sexual action proceeds in judgments that are micro-decisions of how (...)
     
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  18. Nikolay Milkov (2010). Mark Wilson, Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (1):188-195.
  19. Nikolay Milkov, Rudolf Hermann Lotze. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Hermann Lotze was a key figure in the philosophy of the second half of the nineteenth century, influencing practically all the leading philosophical schools of the late nineteenth and the coming twentieth century, including (i) the neo-Kantians; (ii) Brentano and his school; (iii) The British idealists; (iv) William James’s pragmatism; (v) Husserl’s phenomenology; (vi) Dilthey’s philosophy of life; (vii) Frege’s new logic; (viii) the early Cambridge analytic philosophy.
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  20. Nikolay Milkov (2009). Thomas Mormann, Bertrand Russell, München: Beck, 2007. [REVIEW] Grazer Philosophische Studien 78:290-3.
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  21. Nikolay Milkov (2008). Russell's Debt to Lotze. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):186-193.
    Between 1896 and 1898 Russell’s philosophy was considerably influenced by Hermann Lotze. Lotze’s influence on Russell was especially pronounced in introducing metaphysical—anthropological, in particular—assumptions in Russell’s logic and ontology. Three steps in his work reflect this influence. (i) The first such step can be discerned in the Principle of Differentiation, which Russell accepted in the Essay (finished in October 1986); according to this Principle, the objects of human cognition are segmented complexes which have diverse parts (individuals). (ii) After Russell reread (...)
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  22. Nikolay Milkov (2006). Mesocosmological Descriptions: An Essay in the Extensional Ontology of History. Essays in Philosophy 7 (2):1-17.
    The following paper advances a new argument for the thesis that scientific and historical knowledge are not different in type. This argument makes use of a formal ontology of history which dispenses with generality, laws and causality. It views the past social world as composed of Wittgenstein’s Tractarian objects: of events, ordered in ontological dependencies. Theories in history advance models of past reality which connect—in experiment—faces of past events in complexes. The events themselves are multi-grained so that we can connect (...)
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  23. Nikolay Milkov (2005). The Meaning of Life: A Topological Approach. Analecta Husserliana 84:217–34.
    In parts of his Notebooks, Tractatus and in “Lecture on Ethics”, Wittgenstein advanced a new approach to the problems of the meaning of life. It was developed as a reaction to the explorations on this theme by Bertrand Russell. Wittgenstein’s objective was to treat it with a higher degree of exactness. The present paper shows that he reached exactness by treating themes of philosophical anthropology using the formal method of topology.
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  24. Nikolay Milkov (2004). Ist Wittgensteins Tractatus in Irgendeinem Sinne Mystisch? Theologie Und Philosophie 79 (4):511–26.
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  25. Nikolay Milkov (2004). Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology: Common Sources, Related Results 1. Opening. In Sonya Kaneva (ed.), Challenges Facing Philosophy in United Europe: Proceedings, 23rd Session, Varna International Philosophical School, June, 3rd-6th, 2004. Iphr-Bas. 119.
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  26. Nikolay Milkov (2004). G. E. Moore and the Greifswald Objectivists on the Given and the Beginning of Analytic Philosophy. Axiomathes 14 (4):361-379.
    Shortly before G. E. Moore wrote down the formative for the early analytic philosophy lectures on Some Main Problems of Philosophy (1910–1911), he had become acquainted with two books which influenced his thought: (1) a book by Husserl's pupil August Messer and (2) a book by the Greifswald objectivist Dimitri Michaltschew. Central to Michaltschew's book was the concept of the given. In Part I, I argue that Moore elaborated his concept of sense-data in the wake of the Greifswald concept. Carnap (...)
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  27. Nikolay Milkov (2004). Jay F. Rosenberg, Thinking About Knowing. [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):395-401.
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  28. Nikolay Milkov (2004). Leo Tolstois Darlegung des Evangelium Und Seine Theologisch-Philosophische Ethik. Perspektiven der Philosophie 30:311-333.
    The paper discusses Leo Tolstoy's philosophy as developed in his works 'A Synoptic Presentation of the Four Gospels' and 'The Gospel in Brief'. Tolstoy considered Christian religion not as a belief but as an ethical doctrine about how to live, so that our life does not lose its meaning when confronted with the death. Jesus' doctrine teaches that we must lead our life following our spirit, not our flesh. This means that we must strive to understand other persons and to (...)
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  29. Nikolay Milkov (2003). A Hundred Years of English Philosophy. Kluwer.
    This investigation is a historical review of twentieth-century analytical philosophy in England. In seven chapters, the intellectual development of its most prominent representatives - Moore, Russell, Wittgenstein, Ryle, Austin, Strawson, Dummett - is traced. The book does not however aim to tell a story. Instead, it offers synopses of the main philosophical texts of these seven philosophers. The chief reason for adopting this approach was the wish to first of all cover as many of the problems discussed by them as (...)
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  30. Nikolay Milkov (2003). Susan Stebbing's Criticism of Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 10:351-63.
    Susan Stebbing’s paper “Logical Positivism and Analysis” (March 1933) was unusually critical of Wittgenstein. It put up a sharp opposition between Cambridge analytic philosophy of Moore and Russell and the positivist philosophy of the Vienna Circle to which she included Wittgenstein from 1929–32. Above all, positivists were interested in analyzing language, analytic philosophers in analyzing facts. Moreover, whereas analytic philosophers were engaged in directional analysis which seeks to illuminate the multiplicity of the analyzed facts, positivists aimed at final analysis which (...)
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  31. Nikolay Milkov (2003). The Method of the Tractatus. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 11:139-41.
    A few years ago, a group of American philosophers, Cora Diamond and James Conant among them, suggested a resolute, or radical reading of Wittgenstein's Tractatus. These two authors claim that the Tractatus has a body, and a frame. Wittgenstein minded the frame seriously, whereas all the remaining propositions of the Tractatus, which belong to its body, are written tongue in cheek. To the frame of the work belong the Preface, 3.32, 3.326, 4.003, 4.111, 4.112 and 6.53, 6.54. In it Wittgenstein (...)
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  32. Nikolay Milkov (2003). Tolstoi Und Wittgenstein: Einfluss Und Ähnlichkeiten. Prima Philosophia 16:187-206.
    There are prominent similarities in the writings of Leo Tolstoy and Ludwig Wittgenstein that have two main sources. On the one hand, they arise because of influences of Tolstoy on Wittgenstein; on the other hand though, they are the outcome of the fact that the two thinkers were simply closely related to one another. Since the former similarities were already discussed in the literature, in this paper I make survey mainly of the similarities between this Russian writer and Wittgenstein after (...)
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  33. Nikolay Milkov (2003). What is Analytic Philosophy? In . (Paper Delivered at the 21th World Congress of Philosophy in Istanbul).
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  34. Nikolay Milkov (2002). Lotze's Concept of 'States of Affairs' and its Critics. Prima Philosophia 15:437-450.
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  35. Nikolay Milkov (2001). Frege in Context. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (3):557 – 570.
  36. Nikolay Milkov (2001). Logico-Linguistic Moleculism: Towards an Ontology of Collocations and Other Language Patterns. In K. Simov & A. Kiryakov (eds.), Proceedings of OntoLex’2000: Ontologies and Lexical Knowledge Bases. OntoText Lab.
    This is an exploration of the importance of the collocation approach in investigating language. It underpins a new conception of grammar that is: (i) intrinsically connected with lexis; (ii) investigates the language as it is naturally used in life; (iii) can be developed as a corpus-driven grammar. The collocation approach in language exploration is also examined from the perspective of some recent developments in the philosophy of language. In conclusion, I defend the identity between philosophical ontology, linguistic ontology and computational (...)
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  37. Nikolay Milkov (2001). Political Philosophy in Bulgaria – a Fresh Start? [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 53 (1-2):145-156.
  38. Nikolay Milkov (2001). The History or Russell's Concepts 'Sense-Data' and 'Knowledge by Acquaintance'. Archiv Fuer Begriffsgeschichte 43:221-231.
    Two concepts of utmost importance for the analytic philosophy of the twentieth century, “sense-data” and “knowledge by acquaintance”, were introduced by Bertrand Russell under the influence of two idealist philosophers: F. H. Bradley and Alexius Meinong. This paper traces the exact history of their introduction. We shall see that between 1896 and 1898, Russell had a fully-elaborated theory of “sense-data”, which he abandoned after his analytic turn of the summer of 1898. Furthermore, following a subsequent turn of August 1900—-after he (...)
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  39. Nikolay Milkov (2001). Tractarian Scaffoldings. Prima philosophia 14:399-414.
    In the Tractatus Wittgenstein often uses graphic metaphors: a ladder, which is to be thrown away after it has been climbed; pictures with feelers; networks with fine square meshes. Although they are illuminating, it is not always clear in exactly what sense Wittgenstein employs them. In this paper, we will try to eliminate this fuzziness with respect to the concept of scaffolding (Gerüst).
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  40. Nikolay Milkov (2000). Lotze and the Early Cambridge Analytic Philosophy. Prima Philosophia 13:133-53.
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  41. Nikolay Milkov (1997). The Varieties of Understanding: English Philosophy Since 1898, 2 Vols. Peter Lang.
    G.H. von Wright, G.E. Moore's and Wittgenstein's successor, and John Wisdom's predecessor as a Professor of Philosophy in Cambridge, wrote in 1993: «The history of the øanalytical! movement has not yet been written in full. With its increased diversification, it becomes pertinent to try to identify its most essential features and distinguish them from later additions which are alien to its origins.» In the same year A.J. Ayer's successor as a Wykeham Professor of Logic in Oxford, M. Dummett noted: «I (...)
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  42. Nikolay Milkov (1992). Kaleidoscopic Mind: An Essay in Post-Wittgensteinian Philosophy. Rodopi.
    Despite Wittgensein's anti-foundationalist stance, clearly expressed in his claim that philosophy is an activity of analyzing language, his philosophy is based on peculiar conceptual scheme. The post-Wittgensteinian philosophy uses this scheme as Wittgenstein had recommended: as an instrument ("ladder") that helps by forming good taste for judging. The latter is used by solving problems of science and life.
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  43. Nikolay Milkov (1992). Philosophy of Language Without Meaning, and Without... Language. In. In Maksim Stamenov (ed.), Current Advances in Semantic Theory. J. Benjamins Pub. Co.. 73--197.
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