Search results for 'Non therapeutic research' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Sonja Grover (2003). On the Limits of Parental Proxy Consent: Children's Right to Non-Participation in Non-Therapeutic Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (4):349-383.score: 720.0
    This paper considers what are the appropriate limits of parental or guardian proxy consent for a child's participation in medical or social science research. Such proxy consent, it is proposed, is invalid in regards “non-therapeutic research.” The latter research may add to scientific knowledge and/or benefit others, but any benefit to the child research participant is but a coincidental theoretical possibility and not a primary objective. Research involving children, without intended and acceptable prospect of (...)
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  2. Linus Broström & Mats Johansson (forthcoming). Involving Children in Non-Therapeutic Research: On the Development Argument. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-8.score: 720.0
    Non-therapeutic research on children raises ethical concerns. Such research is not only conducted on individuals who are incapable of providing informed consent. It also typically involves some degree of risk or discomfort, without prospects of medically benefiting the participating children. Therefore, these children seem to be instrumentalized. Some ethicists, however, have tried to sidestep this problem by arguing that the children may indirectly benefit from participating in such research, in ways not related to the medical intervention (...)
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  3. R. B. Redmon (1986). How Children Can Be Respected as 'Ends' yet Still Be Used as Subjects in Non-Therapeutic Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2):77-82.score: 540.0
    The question of whether or not children may be used as subjects in non-therapeutic research projects has generated a great deal of debate and received answers varying from 'no, never' to 'yes, if societal interests are served'. It has been claimed that a Kantian, deontological ethics would necessarily rule out such research, since valid consent would be impossible. The present paper gives a deontological argument for allowing children to be subjects in certain types of research.
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  4. M. Spriggs (2004). Canaries in the Mines: Children, Risk, Non-Therapeutic Research, and Justice. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):176-181.score: 540.0
    The Kennedy Krieger lead paint study received a lot of attention after a US Court of Appeals ruled that a parent cannot consent to the participation of a child in non-therapeutic research. The ruling has raised fears that, if it goes unchallenged, valuable research might not proceed and ultimately all children would be harmed. The author discusses significant aspects of the study that have been neglected, and argues that the study was unethical because it involved injustice and (...)
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  5. R. L. Berghmans (1998). Advance Directives for Non-Therapeutic Dementia Research: Some Ethical and Policy Considerations. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1):32-37.score: 525.0
    This paper explores the use of advance directives in clinical dementia research. The focus is on advance consent to participation of demented patients in non-therapeutic research involving more than minimal risks and/or burdens. First, morally relevant differences between advance directives for treatment and care, and advance directives for dementia research are discussed. Then attention is paid to the philosophical issue of dementia and personal identity, and the implications for the moral authority of research advance directives. (...)
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  6. Paul B. Miller & Charles Weijer, Evaluating Risks of Non-Therapeutic Research in Children.score: 450.0
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  7. C. Lenk (2004). Non-Therapeutic Research with Minors: How Do Chairpersons of German Research Ethics Committees Decide? Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):85-87.score: 450.0
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  8. O. D. Wolthers (2006). A Questionnaire on Factors Influencing Children's Assent and Dissent to Non-Therapeutic Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5):292-297.score: 450.0
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  9. R. Gillon (1992). No-Fault Compensation for Victims of Non-Therapeutic Research--Should Government Continue to Be Exempt? Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (2):59-60.score: 450.0
  10. J. C. Garnham (1975). Some Observations on Informed Consent in Non-Therapeutic Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (3):138-145.score: 450.0
    The quality of the consent obtained from 41 volunteer subjects in eight experiments is evaluated. Five subjects (all physicians) gave informed consent; 22 subjects gave partially informed consent; and 14 subjects merely gave consent. It is argued that 'informed' consent is obtainable only from medically trained people, and that lip service to this concept in laymen should cease. The concept of medical competence should instead be introduced and a personal medical referee appointed to adjudicate on behalf of the volunteer.
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  11. Jochen Vollmann (2000). Therapeutic" Versus" Non-Therapeutic" Research: A Plausible Differentiation in Medical Ethics? Ethik in der Medizin 12 (2):65-74.score: 450.0
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  12. S. N. Verdun-Jones & D. N. Weisstub (1998). Drawing the Distinction Between Therapeutic Research and Non-Therapeutic Experimentation: Clearing a Way Through the Definitional Thicket. In David N. Weisstub (ed.), Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon. 111--36.score: 444.0
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  13. Edmund D. Pellegrino (forthcoming). III. Non-Therapeutic Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects (Non-Clinical Biomedical Research). Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.score: 435.0
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  14. Erika Kleiderman, Denise Avard, Lee Black, Zuanel Diaz, Caroline Rousseau & Bartha Knoppers (2012). Recruiting Terminally Ill Patients Into Non-Therapeutic Oncology Studies: Views of Health Professionals. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):33-.score: 384.0
    Background Non-therapeutic trials in which terminally ill cancer patients are asked to undergo procedures such as biopsies or venipunctures for research purposes, have become increasingly important to learn more about how cancer cells work and to realize the full potential of clinical research. Considering that implementing non-therapeutic studies is not likely to result in direct benefits for the patient, some authors are concerned that involving patients in such research may be exploitive of vulnerable patients and (...)
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  15. Jacqueline A. Laing (2005). The Mental Capacity Bill 2004: Human Rights Concerns. Family Law Journal 35:137-143.score: 270.0
    The Mental Capacity Bill endangers the vulnerable by inviting human rights abuse. It is perhaps these grave deficiencies that prompted the warnings of the 23rd Report of the Joint Committee on Human Rights highlighting the failure of the legislation to supply adequate safeguards against Articles 2, 3 and 8 incompatibilities. Further, the fact that it is the mentally incapacitated as a class that are thought ripe for these and other kinds of intervention, highlights the Article 14 discrimination inherent in this (...)
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  16. Jacqueline A. Laing (2004). Disabled Need Our Protection. Law Society Gazette 101:12.score: 270.0
    The Mental Incapacity Bill not only paves the way for euthanasia, but invites wholesale abuse and homicide, writes Jacqueline Laing. On 19 October 2004, when the Mental Capacity Bill was at its crucial committee stage, the Law Society issued a statement of ‘strong support’, claiming that it empowers patients and in no way introduces euthanasia. Laing argues that the Bill threatens the incapacitated by granting a raft of new third parties power to require that health professionals withhold ‘treatment’, which, after (...)
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  17. Matthias Dahl & Claudia Wiesemann (2001). Forschung an Minderjährigen Im Internationalen Vergleich: Bilanz Und Zukunftsperspektiven. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 13 (1-2):87-110.score: 270.0
    Definition of the problem: Medical research with children, especially non-therapeutic research, requires particular consideration. In the current situation this kind of research is not clearly regulated by law in Germany. This entails practical problems in evaluating clinical studies from an ethical point of view. Arguments and conclusion: To develop a new policy framework the international ethical discussion is reviewed. The article analyzes the historical development of research with minors from an ethical perspective, the notion of (...)
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  18. Gideon Koren (2003). Healthy Children as Subjects in Pharmaceutical Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):149-159.score: 234.0
    Recruitment of healthy children for drugresearch has emerged due in part to several newAmerican laws and policies that have led to asurge in pharmaceutical research involvingchildren-subjects. In this paper, I review theethical and scientific issues and the argumentsin favor and against this new practice.
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  19. S. Camporesi & G. Boniolo (2008). Fearing a Non-Existing Minotaur? The Ethical Challenges of Research on Cytoplasmic Hybrid Embryos. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):821-825.score: 216.0
    In this paper we address the ethical challenges of research on cytoplasmic hybrid embryos, or “cybrids”. The controversial pronouncement of the UK’s Human Embryology and Fertilisation Authority of September 2007 on the permissibility of this area of research is the starting point of our discussion, and we argue in its favour. By a rigorous definition of the entities at issue, we show how the terms “chimera” and “hybrid” are improper in the case of cybrids, and how their use (...)
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  20. Hossam E. Fadel (2012). Developments in Stem Cell Research and Therapeutic Cloning: Islamic Ethical Positions, a Review. Bioethics 26 (3):128-135.score: 192.0
    Stem cell research is very promising. The use of human embryos has been confronted with objections based on ethical and religious positions. The recent production of reprogrammed adult (induced pluripotent) cells does not – in the opinion of scientists – reduce the need to continue human embryonic stem cell research. So the debate continues.Islam always encouraged scientific research, particularly research directed toward finding cures for human disease. Based on the expectation of potential benefits, Islamic teachings permit (...)
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  21. Simon Woods, Lynn E. Hagger & Pauline McCormack (2012). Therapeutic Misconception: Hope, Trust and Misconception in Paediatric Research. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis (1):1-19.score: 192.0
    Although the therapeutic misconception (TM) has been well described over a period of approximately 20 years, there has been disagreement about its implications for informed consent to research. In this paper we review some of the history and debate over the ethical implications of TM but also bring a new perspective to those debates. Drawing upon our experience of working in the context of translational research for rare childhood diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, we consider the (...)
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  22. Scott Y. H. Kim, Robert G. Holloway, Samuel Frank, Renee Wilson & Karl Kieburtz (2008). Trust in Early Phase Research: Therapeutic Optimism and Protective Pessimism. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):393-401.score: 192.0
    Bioethicists have long been concerned that seriously ill patients entering early phase (‘phase I’) treatment trials are motivated by therapeutic benefit even though the likelihood of benefit is low. In spite of these concerns, consent forms for phase I studies involving seriously ill patients generally employ indeterminate benefit statements rather than unambiguous statements of unlikely benefit. This seeming mismatch between attitudes and actions suggests a need to better understand research ethics committee members’ attitudes toward communication of potential benefits (...)
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  23. Stefan Eriksson (2012). On the Need for Improved Protections of Incapacitated and Non-Benefiting Research Subjects. Bioethics 26 (1):15-21.score: 176.0
    In this article, it is claimed that the protective provisions for adults with impaired decision-making capacity are misguided, insofar as they do not conclusively state whether research on this group should be permitted only as an exception, and as they arbitrarily allow for some groups to benefit from such research while others will not. Moreover, the presumed or former will of the subject is given insufficient weight, and the minimal risk standard does not make sense in this context. (...)
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  24. Jochen Vollmann (2000). „Therapeutische” Versus „Nicht-Therapeutische” Forschung – Eine Medizinethisch Plausible Differenzierung? Ethik in der Medizin 12 (2):65-74.score: 174.0
    Definition of the problem: The differentiation between ”therapeutic” and ”non-therapeuticresearch has found broad acceptance within clinical research, law and medical ethics and is part of national law and international declarations. However, this terminology is problematic on the medical (descriptive) as well as on the ethical (normative) level. Arguments: On theoretical grounds and with an example from clinical practice it is argued that e.g. the terms ”therapeutic research” and ”experimental treatment” are rather manipulative to (...)
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  25. David Shaw (2009). Cutting Through Red Tape: Non-Therapeutic Circumcision and Unethical Guidelines. Clinical Ethics 4 (4):181-186.score: 168.0
    Current General Medical Council guidelines state that any doctor who does not wish to carry out a non-therapeutic circumcision (NTC) on a boy must invoke conscientious objection. This paper argues that this is illogical, as it is clear that an ethical doctor will object to conducting a clinically unnecessary operation on a child who cannot consent simply because of the parents’ religious beliefs. Comparison of the GMC guidelines with the more sensible British Medical Association guidance reveals that both are (...)
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  26. Benjamin L. Curtis (2008). Non-Therapeutic Modification and Self-Interest: Reply to Schramme. Bioethics 22 (8):455-456.score: 168.0
    In this article I reply to Thomas Schramme's argument that there are no good reasons for the prohibition of severe forms of voluntary non-therapeutic body modification. I argue that on paternalistic assumptions there is, in fact, a perfectly good reason.
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  27. A. van Der Vorm, M. J. F. J. Vernooij-Dassen, P. G. Kehoe, M. G. M. O. Rikkert, E. van Leeuwen & W. J. M. Dekkers (2009). Ethical Aspects of Research Into Alzheimer Disease. A European Delphi Study Focused on Genetic and Non-Genetic Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):140-144.score: 168.0
    Background: Although genetic research into Alzheimer disease (AD) is increasing, the ethical aspects of this kind of research and the differences between ethical issues related to genetic and non-genetic research into AD have not yet received much attention. Objectives: (1) To identify and compare the five ethical issues considered most important by surveyed expert panellists in non-genetic and genetic AD research and (2) to compare our empirical findings with ethical issues in genetic research in general (...)
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  28. A. Baumann, G. Audibert, C. G. Lafaye, L. Puybasset, P. -M. Mertes & F. Claudot (2013). Elective Non-Therapeutic Intensive Care and the Four Principles of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):139-142.score: 168.0
    The chronic worldwide lack of organs for transplantation and the continuing improvement of strategies for in situ organ preservation have led to renewed interest in elective non-therapeutic ventilation of potential organ donors. Two types of situation may be eligible for elective intensive care: patients definitely evolving towards brain death and patients suitable as controlled non-heart beating organ donors after life-supporting therapies have been assessed as futile and withdrawn. Assessment of the ethical acceptability and the risks of these strategies is (...)
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  29. Douglas E. Schlichting (2010). Destabilizing the 'Equipoise' Framework in Clinical Trials: Prioritizing Non-Exploitation as an Ethical Framework in Clinical Research. Nursing Philosophy 11 (4):271-279.score: 168.0
  30. A. B. Shaw (1996). Non-Therapeutic (Elective) Ventilation of Potential Organ Donors: The Ethical Basis for Changing the Law. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):72-77.score: 168.0
    Non-therapeutic ventilation of potential organ donors would increase the supply of kidneys for transplantation. There are no major ethical objections to it. The means of permitting it are forbidden by laws with an ethical basis. A law permitting it would need an ethical basis. Introducing a third legal method of diagnosing death would be unethical. Expanding the power of the advance directive to permit procedures involving minimal harm would be ethical but not helpful. Extending the power of proxies to (...)
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  31. Robert J. L. Darby (2013). The Child's Right to an Open Future: Is the Principle Applicable to Non-Therapeutic Circumcision? Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):463-468.score: 168.0
    The principle of the child's right to an open future was first proposed by the legal philosopher Joel Feinberg and developed further by bioethicist Dena Davis. The principle holds that children possess a unique class of rights called rights in trust—rights that they cannot yet exercise, but which they will be able to exercise when they reach maturity. Parents should not, therefore, take actions that permanently foreclose on or pre-empt the future options of their children, but leave them the greatest (...)
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  32. Maulik Sumantbhai Doshi, Shaunak P. Kulkarni, Canna J. Ghia, Nithya J. Gogtay & Urmila Mukund Thatte (2013). Evaluation of Factors That Motivate Participants to Consent for Non-Therapeutic Trials in India. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):391-396.score: 168.0
    Background and rationale Several factors that motivate individuals to participate in non-therapeutic studies have been identified. This study was conducted as limited data is available regarding these motivations from developing countries. Methods This was a single-centre study conducted over 4 months in which a questionnaire was administered to 102 healthy participants and 16 patient participants who had earlier taken part in non-therapeutic studies at our centre. Descriptive statistics and univariate analysis were used to analyse data. Results The most (...)
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  33. Hollis Ashbaugh (2004). Ethical Issues Related to the Provision of Audit and Non-Audit Services: Evidence From Academic Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 52 (2):143-148.score: 156.0
    Audit standards require auditors to conduct audits being independent in mental attitude from their clients. Regulators and financial statement users are concerned that auditors compromise their independence by allowing clients that contract for consulting services, i.e., non-audit services, more financial statement discretion relative to clients that demand relatively little non-audit services from their auditor. This paper begins by discussing the role of auditing in the capital markets and the various stakeholders that rely on audited financial information in making their capital (...)
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  34. Gerd Grübler, Abdul Al-Khodairy, Robert Leeb, Iolanda Pisotta, Angela Riccio, Martin Rohm & Elisabeth Hildt (2014). Psychosocial and Ethical Aspects in Non-Invasive EEG-Based BCI Research—A Survey Among BCI Users and BCI Professionals. Neuroethics 7 (1):29-41.score: 156.0
    In this paper, the results of a pilot interview study with 19 subjects participating in an EEG-based non-invasive brain–computer interface (BCI) research study on stroke rehabilitation and assistive technology and of a survey among 17 BCI professionals are presented and discussed in the light of ethical, legal, and social issues in research with human subjects. Most of the users were content with study participation and felt well informed. Negative aspects reported include the long and cumbersome preparation procedure, discomfort (...)
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  35. Horace C. Levinson (ed.) (1951). Operations Research with Special Reference to Non-Military Applications: A Brochure. National Research Council.score: 156.0
    A REFERENCE UUH FOR Llb^nv, J'-t ONLY Operations Research With Special Reference to Non-Military Applications A Comprehensive Scientific Aid to Executive Decisions OPERATIONS Research (or, as the British say, Operational Research) is ...
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  36. Sarah J. L. Edwards & James Wilson (2012). Hard Paternalism, Fairness and Clinical Research: Why Not? Bioethics 26 (2):68-75.score: 153.0
    Jansen and Wall suggest a new way of defending hard paternalism in clinical research. They argue that non-therapeutic research exposing people to more than minimal risk should be banned on egalitarian grounds: in preventing poor decision-makers from making bad decisions, we will promote equality of welfare. We argue that their proposal is flawed for four reasons.First, the idea of poor decision-makers is much more problematic than Jansen and Wall allow. Second, pace Jansen and Wall, it may be (...)
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  37. John Appiah-Poku, Sam Newton & Nancy Kass (2011). Participants' Perceptions of Research Benefits in an African Genetic Epidemiology Study. Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):128-135.score: 153.0
    Background: Both the Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences and the Helsinki Declaration emphasize that the potential benefits of research should outweigh potential harms; consequently, some work has been conducted on participants' perception of benefits in therapeutic research. However, there appears to be very little work conducted with participants who have joined non-therapeutic research. This work was done to evaluate participants' perception of benefits in a genetic epidemiological study by examining their perception of the (...)
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  38. Linus Johnsson, Gert Helgesson, Mats G. Hansson & Stefan Eriksson (2013). Adequate Trust Avails, Mistaken Trust Matters: On the Moral Responsibility of Doctors as Proxies for Patients' Trust in Biobank Research. Bioethics 27 (9):485-492.score: 153.0
    In Sweden, most patients are recruited into biobank research by non-researcher doctors. Patients' trust in doctors may therefore be important to their willingness to participate. We suggest a model of trust that makes sense of such transitions of trust between domains and distinguishes adequate trust from mistaken trust. The unique position of doctors implies, we argue, a Kantian imperfect duty to compensate for patients' mistaken trust. There are at least three kinds of mistaken trust, each of which requires a (...)
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  39. Paul Litton, Non-Beneficial Pediatric Research and the Best Interests Standard: A Legal and Ethical Reconciliation.score: 150.0
    Federal efforts beginning in the 1990's have successfully increased pediatric research to improve medical care for all children. Since 1997, the FDA has requested 800 pediatric studies involving 45,000 children. Much of this research is "non-beneficial"; that is, it exposes pediatric subjects to risk even though these children will not benefit from participating in the research. Non-beneficial pediatric research (NBPR) seems, by definition, contrary to the best interests of pediatric subjects, which is why one state supreme (...)
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  40. Joanna Różyńska & Marek Czarkowski (2007). Emergency Research Without Consent Under Polish Law. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (3):337-350.score: 150.0
    Although Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and of Council of 4 April 2001 on the approximation of the laws regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use does not contain an exception for emergency situations, and requires the informed consent of a legal representative in all cases where research is conducted on legally competent individuals who are unable to (...)
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  41. Giovanni Maio (2003). Research Ethics and the Principle of Justice as Fairness – a Restatement. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (5):395-406.score: 150.0
    In my recent article, I addressed the question of whether a potential categorical exclusion of decisionally impaired patients from non-therapeutic medical research would be inaccordance with the Principle of Justice as Fairness. I came to the conclusion that a categorical exclusion of decisionally impaired persons from relevant research projects may collide with Rawls’s understanding of Justice as Fairness. Derek Bell has criticized my paper by denying that it is legitimate to apply Rawls to this bioethical problem. In (...)
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  42. N. Ondrusek, R. Abramovitch, P. Pencharz & G. Koren (1998). Empirical Examination of the Ability of Children to Consent to Clinical Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):158-165.score: 150.0
    This study examined the quality of children's assent to a clinical trial. In subjects younger than 9 years of age, understanding of most aspects of the study was found to be poor to non-existent. Understanding of procedures was poor in almost all subjects. In addition, voluntariness may have been compromised in many subjects by their belief that failure to complete the study would displease others. If the fact that a child's assent has been obtained is used to justify the exposure (...)
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  43. Don Marquis (1989). An Ethical Problem Concerning Recent Therapeutic Research on Breast Cancer. Hypatia 4 (2):140 - 155.score: 146.0
    The surgical treatment of breast cancer has changed in recent years. Analysis of the research that led to these changes yields apparently good arguments for all of the following: (1) The research yielded very great benefits for women. (2) There was no other way of obtaining these benefits. (3) This research violated the fundamental rights of the women who were research subjects. This sets a problem for ethics at many levels.
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  44. Robert Stainton, Provided for Non-Commercial Research and Educational Use Only. Not for Reproduction or Distribution or Commercial Use.score: 146.0
    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics, Second Edition, published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the author's benefit and for the benefit of the author's institution, for noncommercial research and educational use including without limitation use in instruction at your institution, sending it to specific colleagues who you know, and providing a copy to your institution’s administrator.
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  45. Jonathan Kimmelman (2007). The Therapeutic Misconception at 25: Treatment, Research, and Confusion. Hastings Center Report 37 (6):36-42.score: 144.0
    : "Therapeutic misconception" has been misconstrued, and some of the newer, mistaken interpretations are troublesome. They exaggerate the distinction between research and treatment, revealing problems in the foundations of research ethics and possibly weakening informed consent.
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  46. Paul S. Appelbaum (2002). Clarifying the Ethics of Clinical Research: A Path Toward Avoiding the Therapeutic Misconception. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):22 – 23.score: 144.0
    (2002). Clarifying the Ethics of Clinical Research: A Path toward Avoiding the Therapeutic Misconception. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 22-23.
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  47. Ishmael P. Akaah (1990). The Influence of Non-Anonymity Deriving From Feedback of Research Results on Marketing Professionals' Research Ethics Judgements. Journal of Business Ethics 9 (12):949 - 959.score: 144.0
    The study examines, in the context of Crawford's (1970) study items, the influence of non-anonymity deriving from feedback of research results on marketing professionals' research ethics judgements, particularly that of response patterns (social desirability of responses) and item omissions. The results indicate that such non-anonymity does not significantly influence the social desirability of responses or item omissions — thus suggesting the appropriateness of its use to stimulate research ethics responses.
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  48. Alex John London (2012). A Non-Paternalistic Model of Research Ethics and Oversight: Assessing the Benefits of Prospective Review. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):930-944.score: 144.0
    This paper offers a non-paternalistic justification for prospective research review as providing a credible social assurance that the institutions of scientific advancement respect and affirm the moral equality of all community members and as creating a “market” in which stakeholders working to advance diverse ends also advance the common good.
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  49. Colin Barron (2003). A Strong Distinction Between Humans and Non-Humans is No Longer Required for Research Purposes: A Debate Between Bruno Latour and Steve Fuller. History of the Human Sciences 16 (2):77-99.score: 144.0
    The second International Knowledge and Discourse Conference, held at the University of Hong Kong in June 2002, was the forum for the long-awaited debate between Bruno Latour and Steve Fuller. Bruno Latour counts beyond two. He places the blame for the emphasis in academia on the subject-object distinction on Kant. Latour wants academics to acknowledge that things act, and suggests we look at other traditions, e.g. the Chinese, for alternatives to the subject-object dichotomy. Steve Fuller concentrated on the moral project (...)
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