Search results for 'Normalcy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Susan M. Squier (2008). So Long as They Grow Out of It: Comics, The Discourse of Developmental Normalcy, and Disability. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (2):71-88.score: 24.0
    This essay draws on two emerging fields—the study of comics or graphic fiction, and disability studies—to demonstrate how graphic fictions articulate the embodied, ethical, and sociopolitical experiences of impairment and disability. Examining David B’s Epileptic and Paul Karasik and Judy Karasik’s The Ride Together, I argue that these graphic novels unsettle conventional notions of normalcy and disability. In so doing, they also challenge our assumed dimensions and possibilities of the comics genre and medium, demonstrating the great potential comics hold (...)
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  2. Martin Smith (2007). Ceteris Paribus Conditionals and Comparative Normalcy. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (1):97 - 121.score: 21.0
    Our understanding of subjunctive conditionals has been greatly enhanced through the use of possible world semantics and, more precisely, by the idea that they involve variably strict quantification over possible worlds. I propose to extend this treatment to ceteris paribus conditionals - that is, conditionals that incorporate a ceteris paribus or 'other things being equal' clause. Although such conditionals are commonly invoked in scientific theorising, they traditionally arouse suspicion and apprehensiveness amongst philosophers. By treating ceteris paribus conditionals as a species (...)
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  3. Martin Smith, Justification, Normalcy and Evidential Probability.score: 18.0
    NOTE: This paper is a reworking of some aspects of a previous paper of mine – ‘What else justification could be’ published in Noûs in 2010. I’m currently in the process of writing a book developing and defending some of the ideas from this paper. What follows will, I hope, fall into place as one of the chapters of this book – though it is still very much at the draft stage. Comments are welcome. -/- My concern in this paper (...)
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  4. Erich Fromm (2010). The Pathology of Normalcy: Its Genius for Good and Evil. American Mental Health Foundation Books.score: 18.0
    Modern man's pathology of normalcy -- The concept of mental health -- Humanistic science of man -- Is man lazy by nature?.
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  5. Donald Ipperciel (1998). The Paradox of Normalcy in the Frankfurt School. Symposium 2 (1):37-59.score: 18.0
    This article proposes a solution to the ‘paradox of normalcy’, a problem raised by the early Frankfurt Sehool in its questioning of basic concepts of psychoanalysis. After reviewing the different definitions of normalcy put forward by Freud, the paradoxical character of the concept of normalcy, as perceived by the various members of the Frankfurt School, will be made explicit. The solution to the paradox will take the form ofa practical ‘dis-solution’, and will bring to the fore a (...)
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  6. Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2012). The Concept of Harm and the Significance of Normality. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):318.score: 16.0
    Many believe that severe intellectual impairment, blindness or dying young amount to serious harm and disadvantage. It is also increasingly denied that it matters, from a moral point of view, whether something is biologically normal to humans. We show that these two claims are in serious tension. It is hard explain how, if we do not ascribe some deep moral significance to human nature or biological normality, we could distinguish severe intellectual impairment or blindness from the vast list of seemingly (...)
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  7. Lara Huber (2011). Norming Normality: On Scientific Fictions and Canonical Visualisations. Medicine Studies 3 (1):41-52.score: 16.0
    Taking the visual appeal of the ‘bell curve’ as an example, this paper discusses in how far the availability of quantitative approaches (here: statistics) that comes along with representational standards immediately affects qualitative concepts of scientific reasoning (here: normality). Within the realm of this paper I shall focus on the relationship between normality, as defined by scientific enterprise, and normativity, that result out of the very processes of standardisation itself. Two hypotheses are guiding this analysis: (1) normality, as it is (...)
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  8. Frederic Gilbert (2012). The Burden of Normality: From 'Chronically Ill' to 'Symptom Free'. New Ethical Challenges for Deep Brain Stimulation Postoperative Treatment. Journal of Medical Ethics 8 (7):408-412.score: 16.0
    Although an invasive medical intervention, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) has been regarded as an efficient and safe treatment of Parkinson’s disease for the last 20 years. In terms of clinical ethics, it is worth asking whether the use of DBS may have unanticipated negative effects similar to those associated with other types of psychosurgery. Clinical studies of epileptic patients who have undergone an anterior temporal lobectomy have identified a range of side effects and complications in a number of domains: psychological, (...)
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  9. William Lane Craig (2001). Prof. Grünbaum on the ‘Normalcy of Nothingness’ in the Leibnizian and Kalam Cosmological Arguments. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):371-386.score: 15.0
  10. J. O. Beahrs (1983). Co-Consciousness: A Common Denominator in Hypnosis, Multiple Personality, and Normalcy. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 26:100-13.score: 15.0
  11. Robert W. Burch (1978). Functional Explanation and Normalcy. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):45-53.score: 15.0
  12. L. Marti (2006). Restoring Indefinites to Normalcy: An Experimental Study on the Scope of Spanish Algunos. Journal of Semantics 24 (1):1-25.score: 15.0
    It is widely assumed that the scope of indefinites is island insensitive, i.e., that, generally, an indefinite inside of a syntactic island, such as an adjunct clause, is capable of taking scope outside of that island. This paper challenges this assumption by studying the scope behaviour of the Spanish plural indefinite algunos (roughly, ‘some (pl.)’). It presents an experimental study that shows that the scope of algunos is not free and depends on its syntactic environment, at least in the dialect (...)
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  13. Ronald M. Green (2010). The Risks of “Sexual Normalcy”. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):13-14.score: 15.0
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  14. Kyle Johnson, Restoring Exotic Coördinations to Normalcy.score: 15.0
    (1) a. Die Suppe1 wird der Hans [VP t1 essen] und [VP sich hinlegen]. (Topicalization) the soup will the Hans eat and self down-lie (The soup, Hans will eat and lie down.).
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  15. Raymond-Jean Frontain (2011). Protesting Normalcy: Norman Podhoretz, AL Rowse, and the Conservative Refashioning of Homosexual Friendships. Intertexts 15 (2):125-154.score: 15.0
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  16. Theodore Adorno (2006). Constructing Normalcy The Bell Curve, the Novel, and the Invention of the Disabled Body in the Nineteenth Century Lennard J. Davis. In Lennard J. Davis (ed.), The Disability Studies Reader. Psychology Press. 1.score: 15.0
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  17. S. Cobler (1980). The Determined Assertion of Normalcy. Telos 1980 (43):33-60.score: 15.0
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  18. E. Jay Howenstine (forthcoming). Why" Normalcy" Failed. Social Research.score: 15.0
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  19. Paul Gyllenhammer (2009). Normality in Husserl and Foucault. Research in Phenomenology 39 (1):52-68.score: 14.0
  20. Sonja Olin-Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén (eds.) (2007). Medical Technologies and the Life World: The Social Construction of Normality. Routledge.score: 13.0
    Although the use of new health technologies in healthcare and medicine is generally seen as beneficial, there has been little analysis of the impact of such technologies on people's lives and understandings of health and illness. This book explores how new technologies not only provide hope for cure and well-being, but also introduce new ethical dilemmas and raise questions about the "natural" body. Focusing on the ways new health technologies intervene into our lives and affect our ideas about normalcy, (...)
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  21. Gerhard Schurz (2001). What is 'Normal'? An Evolution-Theoretic Foundation for Normic Laws and Their Relation to Statistical Normality. Philosophy of Science 68 (4):476-497.score: 12.0
    Normic laws have the form "if A, then normally B." They are omnipresent in everyday life and non-physical 'life' sciences such as biology, psychology, social sciences, and humanities. They differ significantly from ceteris-paribus laws in physics. While several authors have doubted that normic laws are genuine laws at all, others have argued that normic laws express a certain kind of prototypical normality which is independent of statistical majority. This paper presents a foundation for normic laws which is based on generalized (...)
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  22. Robert Wachbroit (1994). Normality as a Biological Concept. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):579-591.score: 12.0
    The biological sciences employ a concept of normality that must be distinguished from statistical or value concepts. The concept of normality is presupposed in the standard explications of biological functions, and it is crucial to the strategy of explanation by approximations in, for example, physiology. Nevertheless, this concept of normality does not seem to be captured in the language of physics. Thus attempts at explaining the methodological relationship between the biological sciences and the physical sciences by concentrating only on the (...)
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  23. Barbara A. Misztal (2001). Normality and Trust in Goffman's Theory of Interaction Order. Sociological Theory 19 (3):312-324.score: 12.0
    The article asserts that Goffman's concept of normality comes close to the notion of trust as a protective mechanism that prevents chaos and disorder by providing us with feelings of safety, certainty, and familiarity. Arguing that to account for the tendency of social order to be seen as normal we need to conceptualize trust as the routine background of everyday interaction, the article analyzes Goffman's concepts of normal appearances, stigma, and frames as devices for endowing social order with predictability, reliability, (...)
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  24. Joona Taipale (2012). Twofold Normality: Husserl and the Normative Relevance of Primordial Constitution. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 28 (1):49-60.score: 12.0
    This article draws on Husserl’s manuscripts from the 1920s and 1930s (especially on the as-yet unpublished D-manuscripts), arguing that each concrete experience is governed by an irreducible tension between two intersecting normative dimensions: primordial and intersubjective. Husserl’s ideas of normality and normativity have gained a lot of attention in recent years, but the normative aspects of primordial constitution have not been properly taken into account. By arguing for the “normative tension” between the primordial and the intersubjective, this article contributes to (...)
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  25. André Fuhrmann (2003). Some Remarks on Ultrafilter and Normality Logics. Studia Logica 73 (2):197 - 207.score: 12.0
    The paper presents the main ideas of Ultrafilter Logic (UL), as introduced by Veloso and others. A new proposal, Normality Logic (NL), is outlined for expanding the expressive power of UL. The system NL appears to offer a simpler solution to the problem of expressive power than the sorting strategy of Carnielli and Veloso. Interpretations of NL are discussed and an important point of contact to Hansson's notion of non-prioritized belief revision is observed.
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  26. Richard P. Cooper (2002). Two Closely Related Simulations Provide Weak Limits on Residual Normality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):754-755.score: 12.0
    Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith (T&K-S) correctly identify Residual Normality (RN) as a critical assumption of some theorising about mental structure within developmental psychology. However, their simulations provide only weak support for the conditions under which RN may occur because they explore closely related architectures that share a learning algorithm. It is suggested that more work is required to establish the limits of RN.
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  27. Michael Thomas & Annette Karmiloff-Smith (2002). Residual Normality: Friend or Foe? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):772-780.score: 12.0
    In response to our target article, many of the commentators concentrated on our notion of Residual Normality. In our response, we focus on the questions raised by this idea. However, we also examine broader issues concerning the importance of incorporating a realistic theory of the process of development into explanations of developmental deficits.
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  28. Ruth Condray & Stuart R. Steinhauer (2002). The Residual Normality Assumption and Models of Cognition in Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):753-754.score: 12.0
    Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith’ (T&K-S’) argument that the Residual Normality assumption is not valid for developmental disorders has implications for models of cognition in schizophrenia, a disorder that may involve a neurodevelopmental pathogenesis. A limiting factor for such theories is the lack of understanding about the nature of the cognitive system (modular components versus global processes). Moreover, it is unclear how the proposal that modularization emerges from developmental processes would change that fundamental question.
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  29. Arturo José Sánchez Hernández (2013). Relationship between normality of personality criteria, neurotic disorders and ethical-moral values. Humanidades Médicas 13 (1):5-21.score: 12.0
    Se reflexionó sobre la personalidad normal, su relación con los valores ético-morales, y los aspectos en los que la personalidad del paciente con trastornos neuróticos se aparta de la normalidad y que varios criterios de la normalidad constituyen precisiones del concepto de valor ético-moral. Se concluyó que la personalidad del paciente con trastornos neuróticos se aparta de la mayoría de los criterios analizados de normalidad de la personalidad: los criterios de ausencia de psicopatología, el estadístico, el de relaciones interpersonales, el (...)
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  30. Jirí Vácha (1985). German Constitutional Doctrine in the 1920s and 1930s and Pitfalls of the Contemporary Conception of Normality in Biology and Medicine. [REVIEW] Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (4):339-368.score: 12.0
    From the end of the First World War, a broad discussion took place within the framework of the revived German constitutional teaching on the question of the physical normality of man. The founder of the so-called statistical concept of normality, which preceded the still widespread normal (reference) interval concept, is H. Rautmann, who gave it the character of a tool for discriminating between health and disease. Among some of his successors (Bauer, Borchardt, Günther), however, it was considered more a means (...)
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  31. Shu-Chen Li & Ulman Lindenberger (2002). Coconstructed Functionality Instead of Functional Normality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):761-762.score: 12.0
    We agree with the critique of the Residual Normality assumption. Moreover, we challenge monolithic views of functional normality. Throughout life, development and adaptation require variations in cortical functional circuitry within and across individuals. We propose the principle of “coconstructed functionality” which maintains that brain-behavior functional correspondences are dynamically coproduced by neurobiological, experiential, and contextual processes.
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  32. Csaba Pléh, Ágnes Lukács & Mihály Racsmány (2002). Residual Normality and the Issue of Language Profiles in Williams Syndrome. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):766-767.score: 12.0
    One of the debated issues regarding Residual Normality (RN) is frequency sensitivity in Williams syndrome (WS). We present some data on frequency sensitivity in Hungarian WS subjects. Based on vocabulary measures, we suggest that instead of the across-the-board frequency insensitivity proposed by some, a higher frequency threshold characterizes these subjects’performance. Results from a category fluency task show that whereas frequency sensitivity in WS is in line with controls, error patterns imply a qualitatively distinct, looser categorical organization. Regarding the much-debated issue (...)
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  33. Susan C. Levine, Terry Regier & Tracy L. Solomon (2002). Did Residual Normality Ever Have a Chance? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):759-760.score: 12.0
    Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith (T&K-S) show that the assumption of residual normality (RN) does not hold in connectionist simulations, and argue that RN has been inappropriately applied to childhood disorders. We agree. However, we suggest that the RN hypothesis may never have been fully viable, either empirically or computationally.
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  34. Christian Straßer (2012). Adaptively Applying Modus Ponens in Conditional Logics of Normality. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2):125-148.score: 12.0
    This paper presents an adaptive logic enhancement of conditional logics of normality that allows for defeasible applications of Modus Ponens to conditionals. In addition to the possibilities these logics already offer in terms of reasoning about conditionals, this way they are enriched by the ability to perform default inferencing. The idea is to apply Modus Ponens defeasibly to a conditional and a fact on the condition that it is ?safe' to do so concerning the factual and conditional knowledge at hand. (...)
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  35. Henrik Lerner & Bjørn Hofmann (2011). Normality and Naturalness: A Comparison of the Meanings of Concepts Used Within Veterinary Medicine and Human Medicine. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (6):403-412.score: 12.0
    This article analyses the different connotations of “normality” and “being natural,” bringing together the theoretical discussion from both human medicine and veterinary medicine. We show how the interpretations of the concepts in the different areas could be mutually fruitful. It appears that the conceptions of “natural” are more elaborate in veterinary medicine, and can be of value to human medicine. In particular they can nuance and correct conceptions of nature in human medicine that may be too idealistic. Correspondingly, the wide (...)
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  36. Sonja Olin Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén (2007). Medical Technologies, the Lifeworld, and Normality : An Introduction. In Sonja Olin-Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén (eds.), Medical Technologies and the Life World: The Social Construction of Normality. Routledge.score: 12.0
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  37. Kristin Zeiler (2007). Gyneacologists and Geneticists as Storytellers : Disease, Choice, and Normality as the Fabric of Narratives on Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis. In Sonja Olin-Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén (eds.), Medical Technologies and the Life World: The Social Construction of Normality. Routledge.score: 12.0
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  38. Bernard Nickel (2008). Generics and the Ways of Normality. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (6):629-648.score: 10.0
    I contrast two approaches to the interpretation of generics such as ‘ravens are black:’ majority-based views, on which they are about what is the case most of the time, and inquiry-based views, on which they are about a feature we focus on in inquiry. I argue that majority-based views face far more systematic counterexamples than has previously been supposed. They cannot account for generics about kinds with multiple characteristic properties, such as ‘elephants live in Africa and Asia.’ I then go (...)
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  39. Stephen Mulhall (2009). Language-Games and Language : Rules, Normality Conditions, and Conversation. In P. M. S. Hacker, Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy: Essays for P.M.S. Hacker. Oxford University Press.score: 10.0
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  40. Anita Silvers (1996). (In) Equality, (Ab) Normality, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (2):209-224.score: 10.0
    The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act enacted a conceptual shift in the meaning of ‘disability.’ Rather than defining ‘disability’ as a disadvantageous physical or mental deficit of persons, it codifies the understanding of ‘disability’ as a defective state of society which disadvantages these persons. In contrast, the standard medical model incorrectly conceptualizes disabled persons as biologically inferior, and thus confines them to the role of recipients of benevolence or care. Turning to an ethic of caring yields counter-intuitive results that conflict (...)
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  41. Lennart Nordenfelt (2004). On Holism and Normality. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (2):149-152.score: 10.0
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  42. Bernhard Nickel, The Ways of Normality.score: 10.0
    I contrast two approaches to the interpretation of generics such as `ravens are black:' majority-based views, on which they are about what is the case most of the time, and inquiry-based views, on which they are about a feature we focus on in inquiry---an inductive target. I argue that while majority-based views are preferable based on the most basic data about generics, only inquiry-based views can account for a systematic class of sentences: generics with logically complex predicates, such as `cats (...)
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  43. Linda Mealey (1997). Heritability, Theory of Mind, and the Nature of Normality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):527-531.score: 10.0
    It is impossible to discuss the constructs and in a single coherent essay. The following three rejoinders address each of these exceedingly complex constructs individually, as each relates to the two-path model of sociopathy and psychopathy.
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  44. Bernhard Waldenfels (2007). Politics on the Borders of Normality. Symposium 11 (1):5-13.score: 10.0
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  45. Anthony J. Steinbock (1995). Phenomenological Concepts of Normality and Abnormality. Man and World 28 (3):241-260.score: 10.0
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  46. Gabriela Hauser-Bordalo (2011). Prime Filters, Normality and Irreducibility in Lattices. Studia Logica 98 (1-2):5-7.score: 10.0
    We recall some notions introduced and developed by António Aniceto Monteiro, and show how these notions have been used and generalised, thus establishing a direct and indirect influence of Monteiro’s work that extends to this day.
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  47. Peter Alexander (1973). Normality. Philosophy 48 (184):137 - 151.score: 10.0
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  48. Daniel Nettle (2011). Normality, Disorder and Evolved Function: The Case of Depression. In Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas de Block (eds.), Maladapting Minds: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory. Oxford University Press. 198--215.score: 10.0
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  49. Sister M. Kevin O'Hara (1962). Toward a Norm for Normality. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 36:83-91.score: 10.0
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  50. Helmut Altrichter (1986). The Appearance of Normality. Workers and the Labour Movement in the Weimar Republic, 1924–1930. Philosophy and History 19 (2):183-184.score: 10.0
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