Search results for 'Normative Ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Dietmar Pfordten (2012). Five Elements of Normative Ethics - A General Theory of Normative Individualism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):449-471.score: 91.0
    The article tries to inquire a third way in normative ethics between consequentialism or utilitarianism and deontology or Kantianism. To find such a third way in normative ethics, one has to analyze the elements of these classical theories and to look if they are justified. In this article it is argued that an adequate normative ethics has to contain the following five elements: (1) normative individualism, i. e., the view that in the last (...)
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  2. Dietmar von der Pfordten (2012). Five Elements of Normative Ethics - A General Theory of Normative Individualism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):449 - 471.score: 91.0
    The article tries to inquire a third way in normative ethics between consequentialism or utilitarianism and deontology or Kantianism. To find such a third way in normative ethics, one has to analyze the elements of these classical theories and to look if they are justified. In this article it is argued that an adequate normative ethics has to contain the following five elements: (1) normative individualism, i. e., the view that in the last (...)
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  3. Katinka Quintelier, Linda van Speybroeck & Johan Braeckman (2011). Normative Ethics Does Not Need a Foundation: It Needs More Science. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (1):29-51.score: 90.0
    The impact of science on ethics forms since long the subject of intense debate. Although there is a growing consensus that science can describe morality and explain its evolutionary origins, there is less consensus about the ability of science to provide input to the normative domain of ethics. Whereas defenders of a scientific normative ethics appeal to naturalism, its critics either see the naturalistic fallacy committed or argue that the relevance of science to normative (...)
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  4. Jayanthi Venkatadurai, Umesh Dhyani & Mohit Sharma (2013). Ethics and Morality Beyond Normative Theories. Asian Journal of Business Ethics:1-5.score: 81.0
    What is ethics in the contemporary world? What is the need of defining ethics and, secondly, defining it in contemporary context? The meaning of ethics is so ambiguous to nonphilosophical academicians, corporate world, and others who look to the meaning in the branch of Philosophy called Ethics. At the end of endless debates, if the purpose of getting a definition is done, it is clarity in thinking in defining ethics which would happen. This may lead (...)
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  5. Peter Vallentyne (2007). “Answers to Five Questions on Normative Ethics”. In Jesper Ryberg & Thomas S. Peterson (eds.), Normative Ethics: Five Questions. Automatic Press/VIP.score: 75.0
    I came late to philosophy and even later to normative ethics. When I started my undergraduate studies at the University of Toronto in 1970, I was interested in mathematics and languages. I soon discovered, however, that my mathematical talents were rather meager compared to the truly talented. I therefore decided to study actuarial science (the applied mathematics of risk assessment for insurance and pension plans) rather than abstract math. After two years, however, I dropped out of university, went (...)
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  6. Utpal Bose (2012). An Ethical Framework in Information Systems Decision Making Using Normative Theories of Business Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 14 (1):17-26.score: 75.0
    As business environments become more complex and reliant on information systems, the decisions made by managers affect a growing number of stakeholders. This paper proposes a framework based on the application of normative theories in business ethics to facilitate the evaluation of IS related ethical dilemmas and arrive at fair and consistent decisions. The framework is applied in the context of an information privacy dilemma to demonstrate the decision making process. The ethical dilemma is analyzed using each one (...)
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  7. Lauren S. Purnell & R. Edward Freeman (2012). Stakeholder Theory, Fact/Value Dichotomy, and the Normative Core: How Wall Street Stops the Ethics Conversation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (1):109-116.score: 75.0
    A review of the stakeholder literature reveals that the concept of "normative core" can be applied in three main ways: philosophical justification of stakeholder theory, theoretical governing principles of a firm, and managerial beliefs/values influencing the underlying narrative of business. When considering the case of Wall Street, we argue that the managerial application of normative core reveals the imbedded nature of the fact/value dichotomy. Problems arise when the work of the fact/value dichotomy contributes to a closed-core institution. We (...)
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  8. John Mizzoni (forthcoming). Darwin and Normative Ethics. Biological Theory.score: 75.0
  9. Kimberley Brownlee (2009). Normative Principles and Practical Ethics: A Response to O'Neill. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):231-237.score: 72.0
    abstract This article briefly examines Onora O'Neill's account of the relation between normative principles and practical ethical problems with an eye to suggesting that philosophers of practical ethics have reason to adopt fairly high moral ambitions to be edifying and instructive both as educators and as advisors on public policy debates.
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  10. Mark Timmons (ed.) (2011). Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics. Oxford Univ Pr.score: 72.0
    Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory.
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  11. Andrew Sneddon (2009). Normative Ethics and the Prospects of an Empirical Contribution to Assessment of Moral Disagreement and Moral Realism. Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (4):447-455.score: 66.0
    The familiar argument from disagreement has been an important focal point of discussion in contemporary meta-ethics. Over the past decade, there has been an explosion of interdisciplinary work between philosophers and psychologists about moral psychology. Working within this trend, John Doris and Alexandra Plakias have made a tentative version of the argument from disagreement on empirical grounds. Doris and Plakias present empirical evidence in support of premise 4, that ethics is beset by fundamental disagreement. They examine Richard Brandt (...)
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  12. Tara Smith (2008). Ayn Rand's Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (1):117-126.score: 63.0
    Ayn Rand is well known for advocating egoism, but the substance of that instruction is rarely understood. Far from representing the rejection of morality, selfishness, in Rand's view, actually demands the practice of a systematic code of ethics. This book explains the fundamental virtues that Rand considers vital for a person to achieve their objective well-being: rationality, honesty, independence, justice, integrity, productiveness, and pride. Tracing Rand's account of the value and harmony of human beings' rational interests, Smith examines what (...)
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  13. L. -L. Jonasson, P. -E. Liss, B. Westerlind & C. Bertero (2011). Empirical and Normative Ethics: A Synthesis Relating to the Care of Older Patients. Nursing Ethics 18 (6):814-824.score: 63.0
    The aim of this study was to synthesize the concepts from empirical studies and analyze, compare and interrelate them with normative ethics. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) and the Health and Medical Service Act are normative ethics. Five concepts were used in the analysis; three from the grounded theory studies and two from the theoretical framework on normative ethics. A simultaneous concept analysis resulted in five outcomes: interconnectedness, interdependence, corroboratedness, completeness and good care (...)
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  14. Thomas Hurka, Five Questions About Normative Ethics.score: 60.0
    in Thomas S. Petersen and Jesper Ryberg, eds., Normative Ethics: 5 Questions (VIP Automatic Press, 2007).
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  15. Thomas Hurka, On Normative Ethics.score: 60.0
    I became interested in normative ethics in my last term as a philosophy undergraduate at the University of Toronto. Influenced by a traditional conception of the discipline, I’d till then studied mostly history of philosophy, with a special interest in, of all things, Hegel. But seeing the value of a balanced philosophy program, I enrolled in an ethics seminar in the winter of 1975. I’d studied the ethics of Plato, Leibniz, Hegel, and others in my history (...)
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  16. Regina A. Rini (forthcoming). Psychology and the Aims of Normative Ethics. In Jens Clausen & Neil Levy (eds.), Springer Handbook of Neuroethics.score: 60.0
    This chapter discusses the philosophical relevance of empirical research on moral cognition. It distinguishes three central aims of normative ethical theory: understanding the nature of moral agency, identifying morally right actions, and determining the justification of moral beliefs. For each of these aims, the chapter considers and rejects arguments against employing cognitive scientific research in normative inquiry. It concludes by suggesting that, whichever of the central aims one begins from, normative ethics is improved by engaging with (...)
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  17. Jay Campbell (1996). Quine on Cognitive Meaning and Normative Ethics. Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):1-11.score: 60.0
    Owen Flanagan has recently argued for the claim that "the overall spirit--of Quine's philosophy warrants [a]--robust, realistic, and cognitivist picture of ethics." I believe that Flanagan's interpretation of Quine's philosophy is mistaken. Specifically, I argue that the overall spirit of Quine's philosophy, especially his treatment of cognitive meaning, warrants a noncognitivist and thus antirealist account of normative ethics My argument helps explain what Quine means when he wrote that ethics is methodologically infirm as compared to science.
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  18. David Ohreen (2012). Corporate Social Responsiblity: Concepts and Normative Ethics. International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 6 (4):242-255.score: 60.0
    The history of the conceptualisation of social responsibility reveals three main themes: The profitability of SR, SR as stakeholder theory, and ethics as a force in SR. In this paper, I will argue that all three themes are philosophically unsound and rest on suspicious assumptions. First, there is little evidence that SR increases profits; second, stakeholder theory fails to give managers practical ethical decision-making skills; and, finally, ethics should not be viewed as a subset of social responsibility, but (...)
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  19. Mark Timmons (ed.) (2011). Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1. OUP Oxford.score: 60.0
    Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory. Leading philosophers present original contributions to our understanding of a wide range of moral issues and positions, from analysis of competing approaches to normative ethics (including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics) to questions of how we should act and live well. OSNE will be an essential resource for scholars and students working in moral philosophy.
     
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  20. Sandeep Sreekumar (2012). An Analysis of Consequentialism and Deontology in the Normative Ethics of the Bhagavadgītā. Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (3):277-315.score: 58.0
    This paper identifies the different normative ethical arguments stated and suggested by Arjuna and Krishna in the Gītā , analyzes those arguments, examines the interrelations between those arguments, and demonstrates that, contrary to a common view, both Arjuna and Krishna advance ethical theories of a broad consequentialist nature. It is shown that Krishna’s ethical theory, in particular, is a distinctive kind of rule-consequentialism that takes as intrinsically valuable the twin consequences of mokṣa and lokasaṃgraha . It is also argued (...)
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  21. Mette Ebbesen & Birthe D. Pedersen (2007). Using Empirical Research to Formulate Normative Ethical Principles in Biomedicine. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (1):33-48.score: 58.0
    Bioethical research has tended to focus on theoretical discussion of the principles on which the analysis of ethical issues in biomedicine should be based. But this discussion often seems remote from biomedical practice where researchers and physicians confront ethical problems. On the other hand, published empirical research on the ethical reasoning of health care professionals offer only descriptions of how physicians and nurses actually reason ethically. The question remains whether these descriptions have any normative implications for nurses and physicians? (...)
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  22. Rauno Huttunen & Mark Murphy (2012). Discourse and Recognition as Normative Grounds for Radical Pedagogy: Habermasian and Honnethian Ethics in the Context of Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (2):137-152.score: 54.0
    The idea of radical pedagogy is connected to the ideals of social justice and democracy and also to the ethical demands of love, care and human flourishing, an emotional context that is sometimes forgotten in discussions of power and inequality. Both this emotional context and also the emphasis on politics can be found in the writings of Paolo Freire, someone who has provided much inspiration for radical pedagogy over the years. However, Freire did not create any explicit ethical foundation for (...)
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  23. Tove Pettersen (2011). The Ethics of Care: Normative Structures and Empirical Implications. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 19 (1):51-64.score: 54.0
    In this article I argue that the ethics of care provides us with a novel reading of human relations, and therefore makes possible a fresh approach to several empirical challenges. In order to explore this connection, I discuss some specific normative features of the ethics of care—primarily the comprehension of the moral agent and the concept of care—as these two key elements contribute substantially to a new ethical outlook. Subsequently, I argue that the relational and reciprocal mode (...)
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  24. Sabine Salloch, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann (forthcoming). Ethics by Opinion Poll? The Functions of Attitudes Research for Normative Deliberations in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-101253.score: 52.0
    Empirical studies on people's moral attitudes regarding ethically challenging topics contribute greatly to research in medical ethics. However, it is not always clear in which ways this research adds to medical ethics as a normative discipline. In this article, we aim to provide a systematic account of the different ways in which attitudinal research can be used for normative reflection. In the first part, we discuss whether ethical judgements can be based on empirical work alone and (...)
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  25. Mark Timmons (ed.) (2013). Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 3. Oup Oxford.score: 52.0
    OSNE is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory. Leading philosophers advance our understanding of a wide range of moral issues and positions, from analysis of competing normative theories to questions of how we should act and live well. OSNE will be an essential resource for scholars and students working in moral philosophy.
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  26. Mark Timmons (ed.) (2012). Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 2. Oup Oxford.score: 52.0
    OSNE is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory. Leading philosophers advance our understanding of a wide range of moral issues and positions, from analysis of competing normative theories to questions of how we should act and live well. OSNE will be an essential resource for scholars and students working in moral philosophy.
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  27. Basil Smith (2001). Davidson, Irrationality and Ethics. Philosophy Today 45 (3):242-253.score: 51.0
    In this paper I outline Donald Davidson’s account of two forms of irrationality, akrasia and self-deception, and relate this account to ethical action and belief. His view of irrationality is generally a Freudian one, to the effect that agents must compartmentalize both offending particular mental contents, and governing second order principles. Davidson also hints that his account of akrasia and self-deception might show certain normative and meta-ethical theories to be irrational, insofar as they too engender irrationality. I explore these (...)
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  28. Nachoem M. Wijnberg (2000). Normative Stakeholder Theory and Aristotle: The Link Between Ethics and Politics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 25 (4):329 - 342.score: 51.0
    Stakeholder theory is an important part of modern business ethics. Many scholars argue for a normative instead of an instrumental approach to stakeholder theory. Recent examples of such an approach show that problems appear with respect to the ethical foundation as well as the specification of the norms and the relation between corporate and individual responsibilities. This paper argues for the relevance of Aristotle's ideas on ethics and politics, and especially the link between them, for stakeholder theory. (...)
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  29. Andrew Gustafson (2010). Rorty, Caputo and Business Ethics Without Metaphysics: Ethical Theories as Normative Narratives. Business Ethics 19 (2):140-153.score: 51.0
    Using the works of Richard Rorty and John Caputo, I want to suggest that we might be better off treating the traditional ethical theories of Kant, Mill, Aristotle and Hobbes as normative narratives rather than as justificatory schemes for moral decision making to be set up against one another. In a spirit akin to Husserl's 'bracketing' of metaphysics, when discussing ethical theories in business ethics, we can easily avoid metaphysics and (...)
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  30. John Hasnas (1998). The Normative Theories of Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (1):19-42.score: 51.0
    The three leading normative theories of business ethics are the stockholder theory, the stakeholder theory, and the social contracttheory. Currently, the stockholder theory is somewhat out of favor with many members of the business ethics community. Thestakeholder theory, in contrast, is widely accepted, and the social contract theory appears to be gaining increasing adherents. In thisarticle, I undertake a critical review of the supporting arguments for each of the theories, and argue that the stockholder theory is neitheras (...)
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  31. N. Craig Smith (2001). Ethical Guidelines for Marketing Practice: A Reply to Gaski & Some Observations on the Role of Normative Marketing Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):3 - 18.score: 51.0
    Gaski (1999) is critical of marketing ethics and suggests that its ethical guidelines amount to no more than "obey the law" and "act in your self-interest". This reply questions Gaski''s critique and clarifies possible misconceptions about the field that might otherwise result. It identifies the limitations and assumptions of Gaski''s argument and shows that there are exceptions to his central proposition even when narrowly circumscribed. It is not disputed that there is merit to reminding managers of their obligations to (...)
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  32. John Douglas Bishop (2000). A Framework for Discussing Normative Theories of Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (3):563-591.score: 51.0
    This paper carries forward the conceptual clarification of normative theories of business ethics ably begun by Hasnas in the January 1998 issue of BEQ. This paper proposes a normatively neutral framework for discussing and assessing such normative theories. Every normative theory needs to address these seven issues: it needs to specify a moral principle that identifies (1) recommended values and (2) the grounds for accepting those values. It also must specify (3) a decision principle that business (...)
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  33. John R. Danley (2000). Philosophy, Science and Business Ethics: Frederick's New Normative Synthesis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 26 (2):111 - 122.score: 51.0
    After examining Frederick's charge in his recently published Values, Nature, and Culture in the American Corporation that philosophers and others in the field of business ethics and business and society ignore nature and technology, the paper investigates Frederick's attempt to articulate and defend a New Normative Synthesis (NNS). Since the NNS is the result of a synthesis between Frederick's theory of business values and the body of principles in business ethics, I focus on the nature of each (...)
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  34. M. S. Singer (2000). Ethical and Fair Work Behaviour: A Normative-Empirical Dialogue Concerning Ethics and Justice. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 28 (3):187 - 209.score: 51.0
    Towards the general goal of generating a normative-empirical dialogue about ethics and justice, the present study explored three issues: (1) the extent to which the normative criteria of ethics and justice prescribed by moral philosophers are indeed reflected in managerial professionals' subjective beliefs of what ethical and just work behaviour ought to be, (2) the relationship between people's ought beliefs and their perceptions of actual ethical and just work behaviour, and (3) the relationship between the notions (...)
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  35. Linda Klebe Trevino (1994). Normative and Empirical Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):129-143.score: 51.0
    This paper outlines three conceptions of the relationship between normative and empirical business ethics, views we refer to as parallel, symbiotic, and integrative. Parallelism rejects efforts to link normative and empirical inquiry, for both conceptual and practical reasons. The symbiotic position supports a practical relationship in which normative and/or empirical business ethics rely on each other for guidance in setting agenda or in applying the results of their conceptually and methodologically distinct inquiries. Theoretical integration countenances (...)
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  36. Mick Fryer (2011). Ethics and Organizational Leadership: Developing a Normative Model. Oxford University Press.score: 51.0
    This book sets out to redress the balance and develop an understanding of what comprises ethical leadership in organizations.
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  37. Maya J. Goldenberg (2005). Evidence-Based Ethics? On Evidence-Based Practice and the "Empirical Turn" From Normative Bioethics. BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-9.score: 51.0
    Background The increase in empirical methods of research in bioethics over the last two decades is typically perceived as a welcomed broadening of the discipline, with increased integration of social and life scientists into the field and ethics consultants into the clinical setting, however it also represents a loss of confidence in the typical normative and analytic methods of bioethics. Discussion The recent incipiency of "Evidence-Based Ethics" attests to this phenomenon and should be rejected as a solution (...)
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  38. Lester F. Goodchild (1986). Toward a Foundational Normative Method in Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (6):485 - 499.score: 51.0
    Business ethics as an applied inquiry requires an expanded normative method which allows both philosophical and religious ethical considerations to be employed in resolving complex issues or cases. The proposed foundational normative method provides a comprehensive framework composed of major philosophical and religious ethical theories. An extensive rationale from the current trends in business ethics and metaethical considerations supports the development of this method which is illustrated in several case studies. By using this method, scholars and (...)
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  39. Sandra B. Rosenthal & Rogene A. Buchholz (2000). The Empirical-Normative Split in Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (2):399-408.score: 51.0
    The empirical-normative split in business ethics is another manifestation of the fact-value problem that has existed betweenscience and philosophy for several centuries. This paper explores classical American pragmatism’s understanding of the fact-valuedistinction, showing how it offers a different way of understanding the empirical business ethicsnormative business ethics issue.Unfolding the pragmatic perspective on this issue involves a focus on its understanding of both the nature of empirical inquiry and thenature of normative inquiry.
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  40. Giovanni De Grandis (2006). The Rise (and Fall?) of Normative Ethics’, Critical Notice of Sergio Cremaschi’s L’Etica Del Novecento. [REVIEW] Etica E Politica (1).score: 51.0
  41. Henry John McCloskey (1969). Meta-Ethics and Normative Ethics. The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff.score: 51.0
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  42. Alvin F. Nelson (1943). The Structure of Normative Ethics. Ann Arbor, Mich.,Edwards Brothers, Inc.].score: 51.0
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  43. Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann & Jochen Vollmann (2012). Empirical Research in Medical Ethics: How Conceptual Accounts on Normative-Empirical Collaboration May Improve Research Practice. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):5.score: 51.0
    BackgroundThe methodology of medical ethics during the last few decades has shifted from a predominant use of normative-philosophical analyses to an increasing involvement of empirical methods. The articles which have been published in the course of this so-called 'empirical turn' can be divided into conceptual accounts of empirical-normative collaboration and studies which use socio-empirical methods to investigate ethically relevant issues in concrete social contexts.DiscussionA considered reference to normative research questions can be expected from good quality empirical (...)
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  44. Mark S. Schwartz (2005). Universal Moral Values for Corporate Codes of Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):27 - 44.score: 48.0
    How can one establish if a corporate code of ethics is ethical in terms of its content? One important first step might be the establishment of core universal moral values by which corporate codes of ethics can be ethically constructed and evaluated. Following a review of normative research on corporate codes of ethics, a set of universal moral values is generated by considering three sources: (1) corporate codes of ethics; (2) global codes of ethics; (...)
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  45. Matthew King (2009). Clarifying the Foucault—Habermas Debate: Morality, Ethics, and `Normative Foundations'. Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (3):287-314.score: 48.0
    Habermas charges that Foucault's work `cannot account for its normative foundations'. Responses to Habermas have consisted mostly of, on one hand, attempts to identify foundational normative assumptions implicit in Foucault's work, and, on the other hand, attempts to show that Foucault's work discredits the very idea of normative foundations. These attempts have suffered from a lack of clarity about Habermas' notion of normative foundations. In this article I clarify the terms of the debate by considering Habermas' (...)
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  46. Joseph Mendola (1989). Normative Realism, or Bernard Williams and Ethics at the Limit. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (3):306 – 318.score: 48.0
    Recent arguments for normative realism have centered on attempts to meet a demand on normative facts articulated by harman, That they be required for explanations of uncontroversial phenomena. This paper argues that another argument for normative realism should take precedence, An argument suggested by williams's skeptical discussion of moral objectivity in "ethics and the limits of philosophy".
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  47. David Cummiskey (2000). Shelly Kagan, Normative Ethics:Normative Ethics. Ethics 110 (2):421-426.score: 48.0
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  48. Reviewed by David Cummiskey (2000). Shelly Kagan, Normative Ethics. Ethics 110 (2).score: 48.0
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  49. L. W. Sumner (1967). Normative Ethics and Metaethics. Ethics 77 (2):95-106.score: 48.0
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  50. Lester Hunt (2009). Book Reviews:Ayn Rand's Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (2):394-397.score: 48.0
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