Search results for 'Objectivism (Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Leonard Peikoff (2012). Understanding Objectivism: A Guide to Learning Ayn Rand's Philosophy of Objectivism. New American Library.
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  2. John W. Robbins (1974). Answer to Ayn Rand: [A Critique of the Philosophy of Objectivism]. Robbins.
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  3.  37
    Maeve Cooke (2000). Between 'Objectivism' and 'Contextualism': The Normative Foundations of Social Philosophy. Critical Horizons 1 (2):193-227.
    One of the principal challenges facing contemporary social philosophy is how to find foundations that are normatively robust yet congruent with its self-understanding. Social philosophy is a critical project within modernity, an interpretative horizon that stresses the influences of history and context on knowledge and experience. However, if it is to engage in intercultural dialogue and normatively robust social critique,social philosophy requires non-arbitrary,universal normative standards.The task of normative foundations can thus be formulated in terms of negotiating the tension between 'contextualism' (...)
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  4.  1
    Andrew Bernstein (2008). Objectivism in One Lesson: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Ayn Rand. Hamilton Books.
    For the millions of readers who love Ayn Rand's novels and who seek to understand her revolutionary philosophy of Objectivism, there has not been available a simple and concise introduction to her thought. Objectivism in One Lesson is that book.
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  5.  52
    John Dewey (1941). The Objectivism-Subjectivism of Modern Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 38 (20):533-542.
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  6.  24
    Bernardo Ainbinder (2015). From Neo-Kantianism to Phenomenology. Emil Lask’s Revision of Transcendental Philosophy: Objectivism, Reduction, Motivation. Studia Phaenomenologica 15:433-456.
    Recently, Emil Lask’s work has been the object of renewed interest. As it has been noted, Lask’s work is much closer to phenomenology than that of his fellow Neo-Kantians. Many recent contributions to current discussions on this topic have compared his account of logic to Husserl’s. Less attention has been paid to Lask’s original metaphilosophical insights. In this paper, I explore Lask’s conception of transcendental philosophy to show how it led him to a phenomenological conversion. Lask found in Husserl’s Logical (...)
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  7.  18
    Hanna Hafkesbrink (1942). The Meaning of Objectivism and Realism in Max Scheler's Philosophy of Religion: A Contribution to the Understanding of Max Scheler's Catholic Period. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2 (3):292-309.
  8. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (2006). Chapter 3: Objectivism and Realism in Frege's Philosophy of Arithmetic. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 90:73-101.
     
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  9.  46
    Mauro Dorato, Philosophy of Physics Between Objectivism and Conventionalism.
    The paper is a review of Talal Debs and Michael Redhead's 2007 book, Objectivity, Invariance, and Convention, Harvard, Harvard University Press.
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  10.  3
    Martin van Wetten (forthcoming). Private War: Objectivist Political Philosophy and the Privatization of Military Force. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies.
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  11. F. Vasquez Garcia (1990). Medical Objectivism and Abstract Pathology: Two Critical Texts in Man's Self-Interpretation-in-Existence: Phenomenology and Philosophy of Life. Introducing the Spanish Perspective. Analecta Husserliana 29:425-434.
     
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  12. Ayn Rand (1990). Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology. New American Library.
  13. Albert Ellis (1968). Is Objectivism a Religion? New York, L. Stuart.
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  14. Ayn Rand (1986). The Ayn Rand Lexicon: Objectivism From a to Z. New American Library.
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  15.  96
    Srećko Kovač (2008). Gödel, Kant, and the Path of a Science. Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):147-169.
    Gödel's philosophical views were to a significant extent influenced by the study not only of Leibniz or Husserl, but also of Kant. Both Gödel and Kant aimed at the secure foundation of philosophy, the certainty of knowledge and the solvability of all meaningful problems in philosophy. In this paper, parallelisms between the foundational crisis of metaphysics in Kant's view and the foundational crisis of mathematics in Gödel's view are elaborated, especially regarding the problem of finding the “secure path of a (...)
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  16. Harry Binswanger & Leonard Peikoff (1988). The Ayn Rand Lexicon Objectivism From a to Z. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  17. Alfred Schramm (2006). Methodological Objectivism and Critical Rationalist ’Induction’. In Ian Jarvie, Karl Milford & David Miller (eds.), Karl Popper: A Centenary Assessment, Volume Ii. Ashgate
    This paper constitutes one extended argument, which touches on various topics of Critical Rationalism as it was initiated by Karl Popper and further developed in his aftermath. The result of the argument will be that critical rationalism either offers no solution to the problem of induction at all, or that it amounts, in the last resort, to a kind of Critical Rationalist Inductivism as it were, a version of what I call Good Old Induction. One may think of David Miller (...)
     
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  18.  60
    Richard J. Bernstein (1983). Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. University of Pennsylvania Press.
    "A fascinating and timely treatment of the objectivism versus relativism debates occurring in philosophy of science, literary theory, the social sciences, ...
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  19.  3
    Juan Antonio Valor Yébenes (1997). Hume, Popper: el conocimiento de las determinaciones del objeto. Logos 31 (1):41-72.
    In this paper I try to explain why Husserl did not continue with the philosophical program of the Third Logical Investigation. I suggest to carry on with this program, that could be named “absolute objectivism”, as an empiricist alternative to transcendental philosophy.
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  20. Maya J. Goldenberg (2009). Iconoclast or Creed? Objectivism, Pragmatism, and the Hierarchy of Evidence. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):168-187.
    Because “evidence” is at issue in evidence-based medicine (EBM), the critical responses to the movement have taken up themes from post-positivist philosophy of science to demonstrate the untenability of the objectivist account of evidence. While these post-positivist critiques seem largely correct, I propose that when they focus their analyses on what counts as evidence, the critics miss important and desirable pragmatic features of the evidence-based approach. This article redirects critical attention toward EBM’s rigid hierarchy of evidence as the culprit of (...)
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  21.  48
    Steven M. Rosen (2015). Why Natural Science Needs Phenomenological Philosophy. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119:257-269.
    Through an exploration of theoretical physics, this paper suggests the need for regrounding natural science in phenomenological philosophy. To begin, the philosophical roots of the prevailing scientific paradigm are traced to the thinking of Plato, Descartes, and Newton. The crisis in modern science is then investigated, tracking developments in physics, science's premier discipline. Einsteinian special relativity is interpreted as a response to the threat of discontinuity implied by the Michelson-Morley experiment, a challenge to classical objectivism that Einstein sought to (...)
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  22. Barry Smith (2014). Austrian and Hungarian Philosophy: On the Logic of Wittgenstein and Pauler. In Anne Reboul (ed.), Mind, Meaning and Metaphysics. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan. Springer 387-486.
    As Kevin Mulligan, more than anyone else, has demonstrated, there is a distinction within the philosophy of the German-speaking world between two principal currents: of idealism or transcendentalism, characteristic of Northern Germany, on the one hand; and of realism or objectivism, characteristic of Austria and the South, on the other. We explore some of the implications of this distinction with reference to the influence of Austrian (and German) philosophy on philosophical developments in Hungary, focusing on the work of Ákos (...)
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  23. Stephan Hartmann (2000). Review Of: James T. Cushing, Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories. Erkenntnis 52 (1):133-137.
    This book successfully achieves to serve two different purposes. On the one hand, it is a readable physics-based introduction into the philosophy of science, written in an informal and accessible style. The author, himself a professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame and active in the philosophy of science for almost twenty years, carefully develops his metatheoretical arguments on a solid basis provided by an extensive survey along the lines of the historical development of physics. On the other (...)
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  24.  17
    William Desmond (2005). Is There a Sabbath for Thought?: Between Religion and Philosophy. Fordham University Press.
    Seeking to renew an ancient companionship between the philosophical andthe religious, this book’s meditative chapters dwell on certain elementalexperiences or happenings that keep the soul alive to the enigma of the divine.William Desmond engages the philosophical work of Pascal, Kant, Hegel,Nietzsche, Shestov, and Soloviev, among others, and pursues with a philosophicalmindfulness what is most intimate in us, yet most universal: sleep, poverty,imagination, courage and witness, reverence, hatred and love, peace and war.Being religious has to do with that intimate universal, beyond (...)
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  25. Tibor R. Machan (1999). Ayn Rand.
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  26. Tom Porter (1999). Ayn Rand's Theory of Knowledge: A Commentary. T. Porter.
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  27.  30
    Kenneth R. Westphal (2007). Normative Constructivism: Hegel's Radical Social Philosophy. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):7-41.
    Onora O’Neill has contributed enormously to moral philosophy (broadly speaking, including both ethics and political philosophy) by identifying Kant’s unique and powerful form of normative constructivism. Frederick Neuhouser has contributed similarly by showing that all of Hegel’s standards of moral rationality aim to insure the complete development of three distinct, complementary forms of personal, moral and social freedom. However, Neuhouser’s study does not examine Hegel’s justificatory methods and principles. The present article aims to reinforce and extend Neuhouser’s findings by explicating (...)
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  28.  38
    Paul Diesing (1966). Objectivism Vs. Subjectivism in the Social Sciences. Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):124-.
    Recent developments in social science methods have made most of the objectivism-subjectivism arguments in the philosophy of social science obsolete. Developments in experimental methods have made possible a behavioristic treatment of everything cherished as important in human action by the subjectivists; developments in computer and mathematical models have made possible a type of theory which carries out the program of the subjectivists but is not vulnerable to the arguments of the objectivists. What remains of the philosophical argument are two (...)
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  29.  9
    Donald Gillies (1995). Popper's Contribution to the Philosophy of Probability. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:103-120.
    Popper's writings cover a remarkably wide range of subjects. The spectrum runs from Plato's theory of politics to the foundations of quantum mechanics. Yet even amidst this variety the philosophy of probability occupies a prominent place. David Miller once pointed out to me that more than half of Popper's The Logic of Scientific Discovery is taken up with discussions of probability. I checked this claim using the 1972 6th revised impression of The Logic of Scientific Discovery , and found that (...)
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  30.  18
    Bruce V. Foltz (2006). The Resurrection of Nature: Environmental Metaphysics in Sergei Bulgakov's Philosophy of Economy. Philosophy and Theology 18 (1):121-142.
    Although equal in power to other facets of the rich cultural ferment of modern Russia that have profoundly influenced Western civilization—such as painting, literature, drama, and politics—the authentic legacy of twentieth-century Russian philosophy has until recently been eclipsed by Soviet ideological dominance. Of the important philosophers drawing upon the characteristically Russian synthesis of Ancient Neoplatonism, German Idealism, and Byzantine spirituality, Sergei Bulgakov is outstanding, and his work has important implications for our contemporary thinking about the relationship between humanity and nature (...)
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  31. Blake Bell (2008). Strange and Stranger: The World of Steve Ditko. Fantagraphics.
     
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  32. Lode Frederix (2008). Het Objectivistische Vooroordeel: Meyersons En Husserls Visie Op de Oorsprong van de Moderne Wetenschap. Garant.
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  33. William F. O'Neill (1971). With Charity Toward None. New York,Philosophical Library.
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  34. Pendaran Roberts & Kelly Schmidtke (2012). In Defense of Incompatibility, Objectivism, and Veridicality About Color. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (4):547-558.
    Are the following propositions true of the colors: No object can be more than one determinable or determinate color all over at the same time (Incompatibility); the colors of objects are mind-independent (Objectivism); and most human observers usually perceive the colors of objects veridically in typical conditions (Veridicality)? One reason to think not is that the empirical literature appears to support the proposition that there is mass perceptual disagreement about the colors of objects amongst human observers in typical conditions (...)
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  35. Elinor Mason (2013). Objectivism and Prospectivism About Rightness. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7 (2).
    In this paper I present a new argument for prospectivism: the view that, for a consequentialist, rightness depends on what is prospectively best rather than what would actually be best. Prospective bestness depends on the agent’s epistemic position, though exactly how that works is not straightforward. I clarify various possible versions of prospectivism, which differ in how far they go in relativizing to the agent’s limitations. My argument for prospectivism is an argument for moderately objective prospectivism, according to which the (...)
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  36. Nikolay Milkov (2004). G. E. Moore and the Greifswald Objectivists on the Given and the Beginning of Analytic Philosophy. Axiomathes 14 (4):361-379.
    Shortly before G. E. Moore wrote down the formative for the early analytic philosophy lectures on Some Main Problems of Philosophy (1910–1911), he had become acquainted with two books which influenced his thought: (1) a book by Husserl's pupil August Messer and (2) a book by the Greifswald objectivist Dimitri Michaltschew. Central to Michaltschew's book was the concept of the given. In Part I, I argue that Moore elaborated his concept of sense-data in the wake of the Greifswald concept. Carnap (...)
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  37. Allan Gotthelf & James G. Lennox (eds.) (2013). Concepts and Their Role in Knowledge: Reflections on Objectivist Epistemology. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The philosopher and novelist Ayn Rand is a cultural phenomenon. Her books have sold more than twenty-eight million copies, and countless individuals speak of her writings as having significantly influenced their lives. Despite her popularity, Rand’s philosophy of Objectivism has received little serious attention from academic philosophers. _Concepts and Their Role in Knowledge_ offers scholarly analysis of key elements of Ayn Rand’s radically new approach to epistemology. The four essays, by contributors intimately familiar with this area of her work, (...)
     
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  38.  22
    T. J. Mawson (2008). The Rational Inescapability of Value Objectivism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 49 (17-18):43-48.
    I argue for the rational inescapability of value objectivism, the thesis that at least some normative appraisal is not simply a matter of how, subjectively, we feel about the world; it is a matter of how, objectively, the world ought to be. I do this via a two-stage argument, the first stage of which is based around a thought experiment, the second stage of which is based on how those who reject the argument of the first stage must present (...)
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  39.  33
    T. J. Mawson (2008). The Rational Inescapability of Value Objectivism. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45 (17-18):207-212.
    I argue for the rational inescapability of value objectivism, the thesis that at least some normative appraisal is not simply a matter of how, subjectively, we feel about the world; it is a matter of how, objectively, the world ought to be. I do this via a two-stage argument, the first stage of which is based around a thought experiment, the second stage of which is based on how those who reject the argument of the first stage must present (...)
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  40.  70
    Kelly Oliver (1989). Keller's Gender/Science System: Is the Philosophy of Science to Science as Science Is to Nature? Hypatia 3 (3):137 - 148.
    I argue that although in "The Gender/Science System," Keller intends to formulate a middle ground position in order to open science to feminist criticisms without forcing it into relativism, she steps back into objectivism. While she endorses the dynamic-object model for science, she endorses the static-object model for philosophy of science. I suggest that by modeling her methodology for philosophy on her methodology for science her philosophy would better serve her feminist goals.
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  41.  31
    Joseph Margolis (1966). Objectivism and Interactionism. Philosophy of Science 33 (June):118-123.
    The views of linguistic analysts and objectivists are explored with regard to the question of interactionism. It is argued that the admission of a logical difference between explanation by cause and explanation by motive cannot disqualify causal explanations of human action, cannot be construed as challenging the competence of science, and cannot count against interactionism. It is also argued that objectivist programs for eliminating mentalistic concepts either implicitly admit interactionism or cannot distinguish relevantly between interactionism and parallelism.
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  42.  7
    Karey Harrison (1985). Review of Richard Bernstein Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics and Praxis. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 63 (Spring):223-227.
    Bernstein's recent book examines the extensive debate on the nature of human rationality. He suggests that this debate is beginning to converge — from the varying perspectives of philosophy of science, hermeneutics, sociology, anthropology, and moral and political philosophy — on a new conception of rationality. This new conception breaks with the standard opposition between objectivism and relativism, the terms in which the debate has previously been conducted. His reading of the debate attempts to show that some of the (...)
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  43.  6
    R. E. Núnez (1995). What Brain for Gods-Eye? Biological Naturalism, Ontological Objectivism and Searle. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (2):149-166.
    Mainstream cognitive science shows a strong tendency to explain the mind by postulating a level of analysis separate from the biological and the sociological, and by assuming that the idea of computation is essential. John Searle has challenged these assumptions and suggested a solution to the mind-body problem . I endorse his view that mental phenomena, consciousness and cognition, are genuine biological phenomena, but argue that Searle ignores some important entailments relative to essential features of the living phenomenon. First, these (...)
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  44. Myles Burnyeat (ed.) (2008). From Protagoras to Aristotle: Essays in Ancient Moral Philosophy. Princeton University Press.
    This is a collection of the late Heda Segvic's papers in ancient moral philosophy. At the time of her death at age forty-five in 2003, Segvic had already established herself as an important figure in ancient philosophy, making bold new arguments about the nature of Socratic intellectualism and the intellectual influences that shaped Aristotle's ideas. Segvic had been working for some time on a monograph on practical knowledge that would interpret Aristotle's ethical theory as a response to Protagoras. The essays (...)
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  45. M. Fula (2004). The Problem of Happiness in Moral Philosophy. Filozofia 59 (2):110-123.
    The paper outlines Aristotelian and Aquinian eudaimonistic conception of hap_piness and its criticism in modern ethics in the context of the rehabilitation of this concept in contemporary moral philosophy. On the background of the modern discussion it presents the objectivist theory of happiness in the frame of Neoaristotelian ethics of virtues. In its description the author introduces the inclusive concept of happiness. He defines the true happiness as an optimal relationship between the subject and the world, making a difference between (...)
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  46. Debi Ghate & Richard E. Ralston (eds.) (2011). Why Businessmen Need Philosophy: The Capitalist's Guide to the Ideas Behind Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged. New American Library.
    The intellectual tools every business person needs in the boardroom. Includes two rare essays by Ayn Rand! With government and the media blaming big business for the world economic crisis, capitalism needs all the help it can get. It's the perfect time for this collection of essays presenting a philosophical defense of capitalism by Ayn Rand and other Objectivist intellectuals. Essential and practical, Why Businessmen Need Philosophy reveals the importance of maintaining philosophical principles in the corporate environment at all levels (...)
     
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  47. Kathleen Touchstone (2006). Then Athena Said: Unilateral Transfers and the Transformation of Objectivist Ethics. Upa.
    According to Objectivist David Kelley, financier Michael Milken has done more for mankind than humanitarian Mother Teresa. Working from this statement, Then Athena Said examines Objectivism, a philosophy founded by Ayn Rand, and ultimately concludes, in opposition to essential claims of Objectivism, that other people are a fundamental part of reality. Relying, in part, upon economic theory, decision theory under uncertainty, and game theory, Then Athena Said examines unilateral transfers—including charity, childrearing, bequests, retribution, gifts, favors, forgiveness, and various (...)
     
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  48. Steven M. Rosen (2008). Quantum Gravity and Phenomenological Philosophy. Foundations of Physics 38 (6):556-582.
    The central thesis of this paper is that contemporary theoretical physics is grounded in philosophical presuppositions that make it difficult to effectively address the problems of subject-object interaction and discontinuity inherent to quantum gravity. The core objectivist assumption implicit in relativity theory and quantum mechanics is uncovered and we see that, in string theory, this assumption leads into contradiction. To address this challenge, a new philosophical foundation is proposed based on the phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Martin Heidegger. Then, through (...)
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  49.  8
    C. Finkelstein (1999). No Harm No Foul? Objectivism and the Law of Attempts. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 18 (1):69-84.
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  50.  2
    Shmuel Hugo Bergman (1991). Dialogical Philosophy From Kierkegaard to Buber. State University of New York Press.
    The thinkers presented in these lectures by Bergman represent a radical departure from objectivism and subjectivism.
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