Search results for 'Office of Public Information' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Office of Public Information (1987). Robert Peter Sylvester. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 60 (3):493 - 494.
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  2.  15
    Tomas A. Lipinski (1999). The Commodification of Information and the Extension of Proprietary Rights Into the Public Domain: Recent Legal (Case and Other) Developments in the United States. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 22 (1):63 - 80.
    As the National Information Infra- structure develops new avenues for information products and services will open. Creating, identifying and protecting the information market space is a critical component to the success of information product and service developments. As a result, the producers of those products and service seek to protect their proprietary interest in the underlying information. However, these actions have broader consequences: Attempts to extend legal protection to basic facts and other public domain (...)
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  3.  21
    Lawrence O. Gostin (2001). Health Information: Reconciling Personal Privacy with the Public Good of Human Health. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 9 (3):321-335.
    The success of the health care system depends on the accuracy, correctness and trustworthiness of the information, and the privacy rights of individuals to control the disclosure of personal information. A national policy on health informational privacy should be guided by ethical principles that respect individual autonomy while recognizing the important collective interests in the use of health information. At present there are no adequate laws or constitutional principles to help guide a rational privacy policy. The laws (...)
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  4.  8
    Akhlaque Haque (2003). Information Technology, GIS and Democraticvalues: Ethical Implications for ITprofessionals in Public Service. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 5 (1):39-48.
    Information technologies (IT) play a criticalrole in transforming public administration andredefining the role of bureaucracy in ademocratic society. New applications of ITbring great promises for government, but at thesame time raise concerns about administrativepower and its abuse. Using GeographicInformation Systems (GIS) as the centralexample, this paper provides the philosophicalunderpinnings of the role of technology anddiscusses the importance of an ethicaldiscourse in IT for public serviceprofessionals. Such ethical discourse must bebased on upholding the democratic values andpreserving the institutional (...)
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  5.  20
    Herman T. Tavani (2005). Search Engines, Personal Information and the Problem of Privacy in Public. International Review of Information Ethics 3:39-45.
    The purpose of this paper is to show how certain uses of search-engine technology raise concerns for personal privacy. In particular, we examine some privacy implications involving the use of search engines to acquire information about persons. We consider both a hypothetical scenario and an actual case in which one or more search engines are used to find information about an individual. In analyzing these two cases, we note that both illustrate an existing problem that has been exacerbated (...)
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  6.  6
    Atsushi Asai, Motoki Ohnishi, Etsuyo Nishigaki, Miho Sekimoto, Shunichi Fukuhara & Tsuguya Fukui (2002). Attitudes of the Japanese Public and Doctors Towards Use of Archived Information and Samples Without Informed Consent: Preliminary Findings Based on Focus Group Interviews. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 3 (1):1-10.
    Background The purpose of this study is to explore laypersons' attitudes toward the use of archived (existing) materials such as medical records and biological samples and to compare them with the attitudes of physicians who are involved in medical research. Methods Three focus group interviews were conducted, in which seven Japanese male members of the general public, seven female members of the general public and seven physicians participated. Results It was revealed that the lay public expressed diverse (...)
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  7.  15
    D. Beybin Kejanlioğlu (2007). The 'Public Sphere' and the Problem of 'Information'. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:43-50.
    This paper examines the debate over the relationship between the public sphere and communication, which has become a focus of attention after the publication of Jürgen Habermas's Structural Transformation of Public Sphere in English in 1989, following the two volumes of his The Theory of Communicative Action in 1984 and 1987. Although the historical account of the public sphere has also received a good deal of attention, I deal mainly with the normative dimension of Habermas's theory as (...)
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  8.  3
    C. T. di Iorio, F. Carinci, J. Azzopardi, V. Baglioni, P. Beck, S. Cunningham, A. Evripidou, G. Leese, K. F. Loevaas, G. Olympios, M. O. Federici, S. Pruna, P. Palladino, S. Skeie, P. Taverner, V. Traynor & M. M. Benedetti (2009). Privacy Impact Assessment in the Design of Transnational Public Health Information Systems: The BIRO Project. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (12):753-761.
    Objectives: To foster the development of a privacy-protective, sustainable cross-border information system in the framework of a European public health project. Materials and methods: A targeted privacy impact assessment was implemented to identify the best architecture for a European information system for diabetes directly tapping into clinical registries. Four steps were used to provide input to software designers and developers: a structured literature search, analysis of data flow scenarios or options, creation of an ad hoc questionnaire and (...)
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  9.  2
    Brian S. Buckley, Andrew W. Murphy & Anne E. MacFarlane (2011). Public Attitudes to the Use in Research of Personal Health Information From General Practitioners' Records: A Survey of the Irish General Public. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):50-55.
    Introduction Understanding the views of the public is essential if generally acceptable policies are to be devised that balance research access to general practice patient records with protection of patients' privacy. However, few large studies have been conducted about public attitudes to research access to personal health information. Methods A mixed methods study was performed. Informed by focus groups and literature review, a questionnaire was designed which assessed attitudes to research access to personal health information and (...)
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  10.  39
    Helen Nissenbaum (1997). Toward an Approach to Privacy in Public: Challenges of Information Technology. Ethics and Behavior 7 (3):207 – 219.
    This article highlights a contemporary privacy problem that falls outside the scope of dominant theoretical approaches. Although these approaches emphasize the connection between privacy and a protected personal (or intimate) sphere, many individuals perceive a threat to privacy in the widespread collection of information even in realms normally considered "public". In identifying and describing the problem of privacy in public, this article is preliminary work in a larger effort to map out future theoretical directions.
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  11.  17
    Robin Hanson, Correction to McKelvey and Page, “Public and Private Information: An Experimental Study of Information Pooling”.
    In their article, McKelvey and Page note that In previous experimental work, ... [researchers] investigated how individuals use public information to augment their original private information, and whether in doing so, a rational expectations equilibrium is attained. ... [But either] the inference processes are complicated because of the enormous number of potential interactions among the individuals, and the optimal inference processes are not analyzed. ... [or] the inference process is analyzed but the working assumption is not altogether (...)
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  12.  2
    Lisa S. Parker (2002). Information(Al) Matters: Bioethics and the Boundaries of the Public and the Private. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):83-112.
    In this essay, I argue that the way American bioethics has traditionally conceived of the distinction between public and private has given rise to some ethically problematic blind spots in its analyses to date. Furthermore, I argue that bioethics's view of the public and private spheres has reinforced a shortsighted view of bioethics's analytical sphere of influence. In particular, it has led bioethics to conceptualize issues largely from the perspective of health professionals, eschewing analyses of the problems of (...)
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  13.  2
    Robert Bender (2015). In the Public Interest: 150 Years of the Victorian Auditor-General's Office [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 118:21.
    Bender, Robert Review of: In the public interest: 150 years of the Victorian Auditor-General's office, by Peter Yule, 2002, VAGO, 304 pages.
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  14.  3
    Donald J. Willison, Valerie Steeves, Cathy Charles, Lisa Schwartz, Jennifer Ranford, Gina Agarwal, Ji Cheng & Lehana Thabane (2009). Consent for Use of Personal Information for Health Research: Do People with Potentially Stigmatizing Health Conditions and the General Public Differ in Their Opinions? BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):10-.
    BackgroundStigma refers to a distinguishing personal trait that is perceived as or actually is physically, socially, or psychologically disadvantageous. Little is known about the opinion of those who have more or less stigmatizing health conditions regarding the need for consent for use of their personal information for health research.MethodsWe surveyed the opinions of people 18 years and older with seven health conditions. Participants were drawn from: physicians' offices and clinics in southern Ontario; and from a cross-Canada marketing panel of (...)
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  15.  3
    Clinton Free, Vaughan S. Radcliffe & Brent White (2013). Crisis, Committees and Consultants: The Rise of Value-For-Money Auditing in the Federal Public Sector in Canada. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):441-459.
    This paper investigates the key drivers behind the origins of value-for-money (VFM) audit in Canada and the aims, intents, and logics ascribed by the original proponents. Drawing on insights from governmentality and New Public Management, the paper utilizes analysis methods adapted from case study research to review a wide range of primary documentation (e.g., Hansards from the Public Accounts Committee, House of Commons debates, the so-called Wilson report and the FMCS study) and secondary documentation (newspaper articles, Office (...)
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  16.  5
    Henry T. Blanke (1996). Librarianship and Public Culture in the Age of Information Capitalism. Journal of Information Ethics 5 (2):54-69.
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  17.  38
    H. Nissenbaum (1998). Protecting Privacy in an Information Age: The Problem of Privacy in Public. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 17 (s 5-6):559-596.
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  18. Patrick Maynard (forthcoming). Wayfinding: ‘Public’ as Interactive/ Information Display and the New Sciences of Mind. Review of Philosophy and Psychology.
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  19.  4
    Arnold J. Meltsner (1979). The Communication of Scientific Information to the Wider Public: The Case of Seismology in California. [REVIEW] Minerva 17 (3):331-354.
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  20.  3
    David Levy (1985). David Hume's Invisible Hand in The Wealth of Nations: The Public Choice of Moral Information. Hume Studies 1985 (1):110-149.
  21.  3
    Klaus Schwabe (1981). Naval Policy and Naval Propaganda. The Information Office of the Imperial Navy Department, 1897–1914. Philosophy and History 14 (2):164-168.
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  22.  1
    Jessica Berg (2013). A “Fair Use” Exception for Public Health Uses of Medical Information? Hastings Center Report 43 (3):13-14.
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  23. Scott C. Burris & Evan D. Anderson (2011). Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health: The Work of the Public Health Law Research National Program Office. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39:15-20.
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  24.  10
    Scott C. Burris & Evan D. Anderson (2011). Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health: The Work of the Public Health Law Research National Program Office. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (s1):15-20.
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  25.  3
    Angela McGowan, Michael Schooley, Helen Narvasa, Jocelyn Rankin & Daniel M. Sosin (2003). Symposium on Public Health Law Surveillance: The Nexus of Information Technology and Public Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 31 (s4):41-42.
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  26. Leslie E. Gerwin (2012). The Challenge of Providing the Public with Actionable Information During a Pandemic. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (3):630-654.
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  27. Patrick Leahy (forthcoming). The Freedom of Information Act: Public Access in the Computer Age. Ethics, Information, and Technology: Readings.
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  28. Angela McGowan, Michael Schooley, Helen Narvasa, Jocelyn Rankin & Daniel M. Sosin (2003). Symposium on Public Health Law Surveillance: The Nexus of Information Technology and Public Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (s4):41-42.
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    Respecting Privacy (2010). This Essay Will Address the Practical Conflicts for Journalists, Their Employers, the Owners of News Organizations, and the Public Regarding Issues of Privacy in Reporting the News. Privacy Will Be Understood, Here, as Control Over Access to Oneself and to Certain Kinds of Information About Oneself. First, the Relevant Inter-Ests of the Public, Journalists, and News Organizations Will Be Discussed. Then, Building on Deni Elliott and David Ozar (Chap. 1 in This Volume), Ethical Principles Will Be ... [REVIEW] In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press 215.
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  30. Cheol H. Oh & Robert F. Rich (1996). Explaining Use of Information in Public Policymaking. Knowledge and Policy 9 (1):3-35.
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  31.  1
    Dong-Hee Shin (2005). Design and Development of Next Generation of Information Infrastructure: Case Studies of Broadband Public Network and Digital City. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 18 (2):101-125.
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    Lawrence Torcello (2016). The Ethics of Belief, Cognition, and Climate Change Pseudoskepticism: Implications for Public Discourse. Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):19-48.
    The relationship between knowledge, belief, and ethics is an inaugural theme in philosophy; more recently, under the title “ethics of belief” philosophers have worked to develop the appropriate methodology for studying the nexus of epistemology, ethics, and psychology. The title “ethics of belief” comes from a 19th-century paper written by British philosopher and mathematician W.K. Clifford. Clifford argues that we are morally responsible for our beliefs because each belief that we form creates the cognitive circumstances for related beliefs to follow, (...)
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  33.  5
    Jim Knippling (1993). Public Redemption Rituals in the Age of Information. Semiotics:255-260.
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    Brigitte Bedos Rezak (1989). Roger H. Ellis, Comp., Catalogue of Seals in the Public Record Office: Monastic Seals, 1. Plates From Photographs by JD Millen. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1986. Paper. Pp. Viii, 104; 56 Black-and-White Plates. $43.75. Available From Bernan-Unipub, 10033-F ML King Highway, Lanham, MD 20706. René Laurent, Sigillographie. Brussels: Archives Générales du Royaume, 1985. Paper. Pp. 268; 40 Black-and-White Plates. [REVIEW] Speculum 64 (1):158-162.
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  35.  2
    Dianne Rahm (1999). The Role of Information Technology in Building Public Administration Theory. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 12 (1):74-83.
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  36.  5
    Charlotte S. Johnston (1954). A Note on an Early Draft of Locke's Essay in the Public Record Office. Mind 63 (250):234-238.
  37.  6
    S. J. Northwood (2002). Sortition in the Republic R. Stewart: Public Office in Early Rome: Ritual Procedure and Political Practice . Pp. 255. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1998. Cased, £34. Isbn: 0-472-10785-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 52 (02):314-.
  38.  4
    Sue Curry Jansen (1991). Collapse of the Public Sphere and Information Capitalism. Inquiry 8 (3):8-11.
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  39. Boethius (2009). The Consolation of Queen Elizabeth I: The Queen's Translation of Boethius's de Consolatione Philosophiae: Public Record Office, Manuscript Sp 12/289. Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies.
     
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  40. Charlotte S. Johnston (1954). Discussions: A Note on an Early Draft of Locke's Essay in the Public Record Office. Mind 63 (250):234-238.
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  41. William Joseph King (1949). Moral Aspects of Dishonesty in Public Office. Washington, Catholic Univ. Of America Press.
  42. Dianne Rahm (1997). The Role of Information Technology in Building Public Administration Theory. Knowledge and Policy 10 (3):71-80.
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  43.  28
    Adam D. Moore (2010). Privacy, Public Health, and Controlling Medical Information. HEC Forum 22 (3):225-240.
    This paper argues that individuals do, in a sense, own or have exclusive claims to control their personal information and body parts. It begins by sketching several arguments that support presumptive claims to informational privacy, turning then to consider cases which illustrate when and how privacy may be overridden by public health concerns.
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  44.  8
    Ji Yeon Han, Hyun Soon Park & Hyeonju Jeong (2013). Individual and Organizational Antecedents of Professional Ethics of Public Relations Practitioners in Korea. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):553-566.
    This study examines the effects of individual ethical values and organizational factors on the professional ethics of PR practitioners in Korea by considering a person–situation interactionist model. Individual ethical values are used as individual factors, and organizational factors consist of an organization’s reward and punishment for ethical/unethical behavior, the behavior of peers, and the ethical integrity of the chief ethics officer. The professional ethics of PR practitioners (the dependent variable) are classified into the following three dimensions: professional ethics for the (...)
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  45.  6
    Andrei Khrennikov (2016). Reflections on Zeilinger–Brukner Information Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 46 (7):836-844.
    In this short review I present my personal reflections on Zeilinger–Brukner information interpretation of quantum mechanics.In general, this interpretation is very attractive for me. However, its rigid coupling to the notion of irreducible quantum randomness is a very complicated issue which I plan to address in more detail. This note may be useful for general public interested in quantum foundations, especially because I try to analyze essentials of the information interpretation critically. This review is written in non-physicist (...)
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  46.  1
    Stefan Bratosin (2014). Church In The Public Sphere: Production Of Meaning Between Rational And Irrational. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 13 (38):3-20.
    In the public sphere and especially in the media, the discourse on the Church and about the Church on faith and religion is often tainted by the confusion of meaning due, among other things, to the mutual borrowing less rigorous – epistemologically and methodologically – of the concepts which engage various disciplines (theology, sociology, anthropology, political science, information and communication science, and so on) who take possession of problematic centered on the relation between mankind and divinity. This article (...)
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  47.  5
    Linda Roberge, Susan Long, Patricia Hassett & David Burnham (2002). Technology and the Changing Practice of Law: An Entrée to Previously Inaccessible Information Via TRAC. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (4):261-282.
    The proliferation of electronic databases is raising someimportant questions about how the evolving access to new or previously inaccessible information is likely to change the practice of law. This paper discusses TRAC, an interesting electronic source of previously inaccessible information that is currently used by members of the media, public interest groups, lawyers, and the federal government. Summaries, reports, and snapshots of TRAC's data can be accessed through a series of public web sites. TRAC's subscription service (...)
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  48.  6
    Sean A. Valles (2012). Heterogeneity of Risk Within Racial Groups, a Challenge for Public Health Programs. Preventive Medicine 55 (5):405-408.
    Targeting high-risk populations for public health interventions is a classic tool of public health promotion programs. This practice becomes thornier when racial groups are identified as the at-risk populations. I present the particular ethical and epistemic challenges that arise when there are low-risk subpopulations within racial groups that have been identified as high-risk for a particular health concern. I focus on two examples. The black immigrant population does not have the same hypertension risk as US-born African Americans. Similarly, (...)
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  49.  35
    Michael L. Riordan (1985). The Path to Public Office: Medicine Versus Law. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (2):316-325.
    Essay by Dr. Michael L. Riordan, the founder of Gilead Sciences, on the comparative utility of a medical versus legal education as preparation for public office.
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  50.  11
    Takuya Masuzawa & Koji Hasebe (2011). Iterative Information Update and Stability of Strategies. Synthese 179 (1):87 - 102.
    In this paper, we investigate processes involving iterative information updating due to van Benthem (Int Game Theory Rev 9: 13—45, 2007), who characterized existent game-theoretic solution concepts by such processes in the framework of Plaza's public announcement logic. We refine this approach and clarify the relationship between stable strategies and information update processes. After extending Plaza's logic, we then derive the conditions under which a stable outcome is determined independently of the order of the iterative information (...)
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