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Olaf L. Müller [16]Olaf Müller [6]Olaf F. Müller [1]
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Profile: Olaf L Müller (Humboldt-University, Berlin)
Profile: Olaf L Müller (Humboldt-University, Berlin)
  1. Olaf L. Müller, Consciousness Without Physical Basis. A Metaphysical Meditation on the Immortality of the Soul.
    Can we conceive of a mind without body? Does, for example, the idea of the soul's immortality make sense? Certain versions of materialism deny such questions; I shall try to prove that these versions of materialism cannot be right. They fail because they cannot account for the mental vocabulary from the language of brains in the vat. Envatted expressions such as "I think", "I believe", etc., do not have to be reinterpreted when we translate them to our language; they are (...)
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  2. Olaf L. Müller (2015). Unbemerkte Religiosität. In Anna Wehofsits, David Löwenstein, Dirk Koppelberg & Gregor Betz (eds.), Weiter Denken - Über Philosophie, Wissenschaft Und Religion. De Gruyter. 277-304.
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  3. Olaf L. Müller (2013). Verschmierte Spuren der Unfreiheit: Wissenschaftsphilosophische Klarstellung zu angeblichen Artefakten bei Benjamin Libet. Philosophia Naturalis 50 (1):45-83.
    Benjamin Libet's celebrated experiments concerning freedom elicited numerous attempts of repudiation. Ten years ago, however, Judy Trevena and Jeff Miller published a objection; they claim to have detected a ,,smearing artifact" in Libet's calculations. This rests on a misunderstanding of Libet's methodology . In my reconstruction of Libet's argument, he draws an abductive inference to the best explanation. Now, Trevena's and Miller's objection does indeed lead to alternative explanations of Libet's measurements. These alternatives are and extremely improbable . They constitute (...)
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  4. Olaf F. Müller (2010). Moralische Beobachtung und andere Arten ethischer Erkenntnis-Précis. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (4):579-583.
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  5. Olaf L. Müller (2010). Moralische Beobachtung und andere Arten ethischer Erkenntnis – Précis. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (4):579-583.
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  6. Olaf L. Müller (2010). Repliken – Radikale Übersetzung der Moralsprache. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (4):597-600.
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  7. Olaf L. Müller (2009). Colour Spectral Counterpoints. Case Study on Aestetic Judgement in the Experimental Sciences. In Ingo Nussbaumer & Galerie Hubert Winter (eds.), Restraint versus Intervention: Painting as Alignment. Verlag für moderne Kunst.
    When it became uncool to speak of beauty with respect to pieces of art, physicists started claiming that their results are beautiful. They say, for example, that a theory's beauty speaks in favour of its truth, and that they strive to perform beautiful experiments. What does that mean? The notion cannot be defined. (It cannot be defined in the arts either). Therefore, I elucidate it with examples of optical experimentation. Desaguliers' white synthesis, for example, is more beautiful than Newton's, and (...)
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  8. Olaf L. Müller (2009). Mikro-Zertifikate: Für Gerechtigkeit unter Luftverschmutzern. Archiv Fuer Rechts-Und Sozialphilosphie 95 (2):167-198.
    What would be a fair solution to the problem of climate change? How should we distribute duties and financial burdens of the necessary CO2 reductions if this is to be done in an equitable manner? My answer to these ethical questions is based on a principle formulated by Angela Merkel: Every human has the right to cause as much in terms of CO2 emissions as any other. Unlike the German chancellor who wants to implement this principle only in the long (...)
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  9. Olaf L. Müller (2009). Misstrauen oder Hoffnung? Protestnote gegen eine pessimistische Regel von Ernst Tugendhat. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 63 (1):5-32.
    In seiner Aufsatzsammlung Anthropologie statt Metaphysik behandelt Ernst Tugendhat große metaphysische Fragen mit nüchternem Blick auf uns Menschen. Tugendhat plädiert dort an mehreren Stellen für ein erkenntnistheoretisches Prinzip, nach dem wir uns z.B. dann zu richten haben, wenn wir uns fragen, ob wir an Gott glauben sollen. Das Prinzip lautet: Wenn die rationalen Gründe zugunsten einer Überzeugung genauso stark sind wie die rationalen Gegengründe, und wenn wir – unabhängig von Vernunft – das Bedürfnis verspüren oder den Wunsch oder die Hoffnung, (...)
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  10. Matthias Rang & Olaf L. Muller (2009). Newton in Gronland. Das umgestulpte experimentum crucis in der Streulichtkammer. Philosophia Naturalis 46 (1):61-114.
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  11. Olaf L. Müller (2008). Innen und aussen: zwei Perspektiven auf analytische Sätze. Philosophia Naturalis 45 (1):5-35.
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  12. Olaf L. Müller (2005). Benign Blackmail. Cassandra's Plan or What Is Terrorism? In Georg Meggle (ed.), Ethics of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. Ontos. 39-50.
    In its reaction on the terroristic attacks of September 9th, 2001, the US-government threatened Afghanistan's Taleban with war in order to force them to extradite terrorist leader Bin Laden; the Taleban said that they would not surrender to this kind of blackmail – and so, they were removed from Kabul by means of military force. The rivalling versions of this story depend crucially on notions such as "terrorism" and "blackmail". Obviously you'll gain public support for your preferrend version of the (...)
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  13. Olaf L. Müller (2004). Autodetermination in Microeconomics – A Methodological Case Study on the Theory of Demand. Analyse Und Kritik. Zeitschrift für Sozialtheorie 26 (2):319-345.
    My philosophical case study concerns textbook presentations of the theory of demand. Does this theory contain anything more than just a collection of tautologies? In order to determine its empirical content, it must be viewed holistically. But then, the theory implies false factual claims. We can avoid this result by embracing the theory’s normative character. The resulting consequences will be illuminated with the new autodetermination thesis recently proposed in the philosophy of physics by Oliver Timmer. Applying his ideas to the (...)
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  14. Olaf L. Müller (2004). Reconstructing Pacifism. Different Ways of Looking at Reality. In Georg Meggle (ed.), Ethics of Humanitarian Interventions. Ontos. 57-80.
    Pacifists and their opponents disagree not only about moral questions, but rather often about factual questions as well—as seen when looking at the controversy surrounding the crisis in Kosovo. According to my reconstruction of pacifism, this is not surprising since the pacifist,legitimately, looks at the facts in the light of her system of value. Her opponent, in turn, looks at the facts in the light of an alternative value system, and the quarrel between the two parties about supposedly descriptive matters (...)
     
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  15. Olaf L. Müller (2004). Reconstructing Pacifism. On Different Ways of Looking at Reality. In Georg Meggle (ed.), Ethics of humanitarian interventions. Ontos.
    Pacifists and their opponents disagree not only about moral questions, but most often about factual questions as well. For example, they came to divergent descriptions of the crisis in Kosovo. According to my reconstruction of pacifism, this is not a surprise because the pacifist, legitimately, looks at the facts in the light of her system of value. Her opponent, in turn, looks at the facts in the light of alternative systems of value, and the quarrel between the two parties about (...)
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  16. Olaf MÜller (2003). John Stuart Mills Argument für den Utilitarismus. Ein plausibler Weg zwischen Metaphysik und Nihilismus? Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 6.
    Where is the essence of Mill's argument in favour of utilitarianism? In the psychological part of the argument, Mill establishes an aggregated description of our hedonistic values . And in the normative part of the argument he moves from there to an aggregated evaluation . Mill's move is an inference from description to evaluation; it depends on two hidden assumptions: The first one says that there are values; and the second one says that what these values are is not entirely (...)
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  17. Olaf L. Müller (2002). Fühlen oder Hinsehen? Ein Plädoyer für moralische Beobachtungssätze. In Verena Mayer & Sabine A. Döring (eds.), Die Moralität der Gefühle. De Gruyter. 175-196.
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  18. Olaf L. Müller (2002). From Within and From Without. Two Perspectives on Analytic Sentences. In Wolfram Hinzen & Hans Rott (eds.), Belief and meaning: Essays at the interface. Deutsche Bibliothek der Wissenschaften.
    The analytic/synthetic distinction can be conceived from two points of view: from within or from without; from the perspective of one's own language or from the perspective of the language of others. From without, the central question is which sentences of a foreign language are to be classified as analytic. From within, by contrast, the question concerning the synthetic and the analytic acquires a normative dimension: which sentences am I not permitted to reject—if I want to avoid talking nonsense? Both (...)
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  19. Olaf Müller (2001). Der antiskeptische Boden unter dem Gehirn im Tank. Eine transzendentale Fingerübung mit Intensionen. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 55 (4):516 - 539.
    Crispin Wright hat die bislang beste Rekonstruktion von Putnams Beweis gegen die skeptische Hypothese vom Gehirn im Tank vorgelegt. Aber selbst in Wrights Fassung hat der Beweis einen Mangel: Er wird mithilfe eines Prädikates wie z.B. "Tiger" geführt und funktioniert nur, wenn man sich darauf verlassen kann, dass es Tiger wirklich gibt. Aber die Skeptikerin bestreitet, über die Existenz von Tigern bescheid zu wissen. Das Problem lässt sich dadurch beheben, dass man den Beweis – statt mit dem extensionalen Begriff der (...)
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  20. Olaf Müller (2001). Does Putnam's Argument Beg the Question Against the Skeptic? Bad News for Radical Skepticism. Erkenntnis 54 (3):299-320.
    Are we perhaps in the "matrix", or anyway, victims of perfect and permanent computer simulation? No. The most convincing—and shortest—version of Putnam's argument against the possibility of our eternal envattment is due to Crispin Wright (1994). It avoids most of the misunderstandings that have been elicited by Putnam's original presentation of the argument in "Reason, Truth and History" (1981). But it is still open to the charge of question-begging. True enough, the premisses of the argument (disquotation and externalism) can be (...)
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  21. Klaus Hartmann, Olaf Müller & Klaus Brinkmann (2000). Hegels Logik. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (4):764-765.
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  22. Olaf Müller (2000). Kantische Antworten Auf Die Moderne Physik Oder Sollen Wir Kants Apriori Mit Michael Friedman Relativieren? Philosophia Naturalis 37:97-130.
     
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  23. Olaf Müller (1996). Zitierte Zeichenreihen. Erkenntnis 44 (3):279 - 304.
    We use quotation marks when we wish to refer to an expression. We can and do so refer even when this expression is composed of characters that do not occur in our alphabet. That's why Tarski, Quine, and Geach's theories of quotation don't work. The proposals of Davidson, Frege, and C. Washington, however, do not provide a plausible account of quotation either. (Section I). The problem is to construct a Tarskian theory of truth for an object language that contains quotation (...)
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