Search results for 'Oliver Janßen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. M. Muransky & P. Janssen (2003). When Knowledge is Not Identified with Reason: An Interview with Paul Janssen. Filozofia 58 (8):564-570.score: 180.0
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  2. Wendell Holmes Oliver (1994). [Book Review] the Essential Holmes, Selections From the Letters, Speeches, Judicial Opinions, and Other Writings of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. [REVIEW] In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press. 643-645.score: 180.0
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  3. Michel Janssen (2008). Drawing the Line Between Kinematics and Dynamics in Special Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):26-52.score: 120.0
    In his book, Physical Relativity, Harvey Brown challenges the orthodox view that special relativity is preferable to those parts of Lorentz's classical ether theory it replaced because it revealed various phenomena that were given a dynamical explanation in Lorentz's theory to be purely kinematical. I want to defend this orthodoxy. The phenomena most commonly discussed in this context in the philosophical literature are length contraction and time dilation. I consider three other phenomena of this kind that played a role in (...)
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  4. Michel Janssen & Matthew Mecklenburg, Electromagnetic Models of the Electron and the Transition From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics.score: 60.0
    This paper is part II of a trilogy on the transition from classical particle mechanics to relativistic continuum mechanics that one of the authors is working on. The first part, on the Trouton experiment, was published in the Stachel festschrift (Janssen 2003). This paper focuses on the Lorentz-Poincaré electron, and, in particular, on the "Poincaré pressure" or "Poincaré stresses" introduced to stabilize the electron. It covers both the original argument by Poincaré (1906) and a modern relativistic argument for adding (...)
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  5. Kelly Oliver (2008). Women: The Secret Weapon of Modern Warfare? Hypatia 23 (2):pp. 1-16.score: 60.0
    The images from wars in the Middle East that haunt us are those of young women killing and torturing. Their media circulated stories share a sense of shock. They have both galvanized and confounded debates over feminism and women's equality. And, as Oliver argues in this essay, they share, perhaps subliminally, the problematic notion of women as both offensive and defensive weapons of war, a notion that is symptomatic of fears of women's "mysterious" powers.
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  6. Simon Oliver (2005). Philosophy, God, and Motion. Routledge.score: 60.0
    In the post-Newtonian world motion is assumed to be a simple category which relates to the locomotion of bodies in space, and is usually associated only with physics. Philosophy, God and Motion shows that this is a relatively recent understanding of motion and that prior to the scientific revolution motion was a much broader and more mysterious category, applying to moral as well as physical movements. Simon Oliver presents fresh interpretations of key figures in the history of western (...)
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  7. Kelly Oliver (1995). Womanizing Nietzsche: Philosophy's Relation to the "Feminine". Routledge.score: 60.0
    In Womanizing Nietzsche, Kelly Oliver uses an analysis of the position of woman in Nietzsche's texts to open onto the larger question of philosophy's relation to the feminine and the maternal. Offering readings from Nietzsche, Derrida, Irigaray, Kristeva, Freud and Lacan, Oliver builds an innovative foundation for an ontology of intersubjective relationships that suggests a new approach to ethics. Oliver argues that while Freud, Nietzsche and Derrida, in particular, attempt to open up philosophy to its other--the unconscious, (...)
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  8. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2013). Plural Logic. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Alex Oliver and Timothy Smiley provide a new account of plural logic. They argue that there is such a thing as genuinely plural denotation in logic, and expound a framework of ideas that includes the distinction between distributive and collective predicates, the theory of plural descriptions, multivalued functions, and lists.
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  9. Kelly Oliver (ed.) (1993). Ethics, Politics, and Difference in Julia Kristeva's Writings. Routledge.score: 60.0
    A valuable intervention in Kristevan scholarship and a significant and exciting contribution in its own right to post-structuralist discussions of ethical and political agency and practice. Contributors: Judith Butler, Tina Chanter, Marilyn Edelstein, Jean Graybeal, Suzanne Guerlac, Alice Jardine, Lisa Lowe, Noelle McAfee, Norma Claire Moruzzi, Kelly Oliver, Tilottma Rajan, Jacqueline Rose, Allison Weir, Mary Bittner Wiseman, Ewa Ziarek.
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  10. Kelly Oliver (2010). Julia Kristeva's Maternal Passions. Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 18 (1):1-8.score: 60.0
    This article critically engages Julia Kristeva’s latest work on maternal passion as an antidote to what she calls “feminine fatigue.” Oliver elaborates, criticizes, and expands Kristeva’s view that maternity can be a model for thinking about passion and its relation to creativity and even to ethics. She relates Kristeva’s thinking about feminine fatigue to contemporary feminism in the United States. .
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  11. Phil Oliver (2001). William James's "Springs of Delight": The Return to Life. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 60.0
    This enterprising book, written in the spirit of William James, urges our appreciation of the intensely personal character of spiritual transcendence. Phil Oliver's work has important implications for specialists concerned with the Jamesian concept of "pure experience," and it illuminates significant interdisciplinary ties among philosophy, literature, and other intellectual domains.
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  12. Kelly Oliver (1997). Family Values: Subjects Between Nature and Culture. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Family Values shows how the various contradictions at the heart of Western conceptions of maternity and paternity problematize our relationships with ourselves and with others. Using philosophical texts, psychoanalytic theory, studies in biology and popular culture, Kelly Oliver challenges our traditional concepts of maternity which are associated with nature, and our conceptions of paternity which are embedded in culture. Oliver's intervention calls into question the traditional image of the oppositional relationship between nature and culture, maternal and paternal. Family (...)
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  13. Alex Oliver (1996). The Metaphysics of Properties. Mind 105 (417):1-80.score: 30.0
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  14. Kelly Oliver (2008). What is Wrong with (Animal) Rights? Journal of Speculative Philosophy 22 (3):pp. 214-224.score: 30.0
  15. Yuri Balashov & Michel Janssen (2003). Presentism and Relativity. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):327-346.score: 30.0
    In this critical notice we argue against William Craig's recent attempt to reconcile presentism (roughly, the view that only the present is real) with relativity theory. Craig's defense of his position boils down to endorsing a ‘neo-Lorentzian interpretation’ of special relativity. We contend that his reconstruction of Lorentz's theory and its historical development is fatally flawed and that his arguments for reviving this theory fail on many counts. 1 Rival theories of time 2 Relativity and the present 3 Special relativity: (...)
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  16. Michel Janssen, Einstein: The Old Sage and the Young Turk.score: 30.0
    There is a striking difference between the methodology of the young Einstein and that of the old. I argue that Einstein’s switch in the late 1910s from a moderate empiricism to an extreme rationalism should at least in part be understood against the background of his crushing personal and political experiences during the war years in Berlin. As a result of these experiences, Einstein started to put into practice what, drawing on Schopenhauer, he had preached for years, namely to use (...)
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  17. Michel Janssen, The Transition From Newtonian Particle Mechanics to Relativistic Field Mechanics.score: 30.0
    Einstein’s 1905 paper on special relativity suggests that relativistic mechanics is simply a matter of adjusting Newton’s to make it Lorentz invariant. Einstein, for instance.
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  18. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2006). What Are Sets and What Are They For? Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):123–155.score: 30.0
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  19. Michel Janssen, Emergence and Interpretation of Lorentz Invariance.score: 30.0
    In the course of his work on optics and electrodynamics in systems moving through the ether, the 19th-century medium for light waves and electric and magnetic fields, Lorentz discovered and exploited the invariance of the free-field Maxwell equations under what Poincaré later proposed to call Lorentz transformations. To account for the negative results of optical experiments aimed at detecting the earth’s motion through the ether, Lorentz, in effect, assumed that the laws governing matter interacting with light waves are Lorentz invariant (...)
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  20. Kelly Oliver (2010). Animal Ethics: Toward an Ethics of Responsiveness. Research in Phenomenology 40 (2):267-280.score: 30.0
    The concepts of animal, human, and rights are all part of a philosophical tradition that trades on foreclosing the animal, animality, and animals. Rather than looking to qualities or capacities that make animals the same as or different from humans, I investigate the relationship between the human and the animal. To insist, as animal rights and welfare advocates do, that our ethical obligations to animals are based on their similarities to us reinforces the type of humanism that leads to treating (...)
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  21. Michel Janssen, Drawing the Line Between Kinematics and Dynamics.score: 30.0
    I defend the widely held view challenged by Harvey Brown in his recent book that special relativity is preferable to those parts of Lorentz’s electron theory it replaced because various phenomena that special relativity reveals to be of purely kinematical origin were given a dynamical explanation in Lorentz’s theory. The phenomena most commonly discussed in this context in the philosophical literature are length contraction and time dilation. I consider three other such phenomena that played a role in the early reception (...)
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  22. Kelly Oliver (2010). Motherhood, Sexuality, and Pregnant Embodiment: Twenty-Five Years of Gestation. Hypatia 25 (4):760-777.score: 30.0
    My essay is framed by Hypatia's first special issue on Motherhood and Sexuality at one end, and by the most recent special issue (as of this writing) on the work of Iris Young, whose work on pregnant embodiment has become canonical, at the other. The questions driving this essay are: When we look back over the last twenty-five years, what has changed in our conceptions of pregnancy and maternity, both in feminist theory and in popular culture? What aspects of feminist (...)
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  23. Kelly Oliver (1989). Keller's Gender/Science System: Is the Philosophy of Science to Science as Science Is to Nature? Hypatia 3 (3):137 - 148.score: 30.0
    I argue that although in "The Gender/Science System," Keller intends to formulate a middle ground position in order to open science to feminist criticisms without forcing it into relativism, she steps back into objectivism. While she endorses the dynamic-object model for science, she endorses the static-object model for philosophy of science. I suggest that by modeling her methodology for philosophy on her methodology for science her philosophy would better serve her feminist goals.
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  24. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2009). Sharvy's Theory of Descriptions: A Paradigm Subverted. Analysis 69 (3):412-421.score: 30.0
  25. Michel Janssen, Relativity.score: 30.0
    A brief review (~8K words) of the history and philosophy of special and general relativity for a Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
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  26. Michel Janssen, Why Einstein Introduced the Cosmological Constant.score: 30.0
    With the discovery that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate, Einstein’s cosmological constant, which he once supposedly called his biggest blunder, is making a remarkable comeback. Einstein’s introduction of this constant had little to do with cosmology. It was part of yet another failed attempt to eliminate absolute space from physics. It took the Dutch astronomer Willem de Sitter only a few days to blow the idea out of the water. It took Einstein over a year to concede (...)
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  27. Alex Oliver (1999). A Few More Remarks on Logical Form. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (3):247–272.score: 30.0
    Yah boo sucks to the grammer wot we lernt in skool! Grammar (and the bad old traditional logic) says that quantifier phrases such as 'nobody', 'everyone', 'all women', 'some men' and 'a man' are in the same category as names such as 'Milly', 'Molly' and 'Mandy'. So, prior to their first corrective lessons, students are awfully muddled, the first and fundamental problem being the Woozle hunt for somebody called 'nobody'. Hoorah for modern logic and logic teachers! The story used to (...)
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  28. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2006). A Modest Logic of Plurals. Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (3):317 - 348.score: 30.0
    We present a plural logic that is as expressively strong as it can be without sacrificing axiomatisability, axiomatise it, and use it to chart the expressive limits set by axiomatisability. To the standard apparatus of quantification using singular variables our object-language adds plural variables, a predicate expressing inclusion (is/are/is one of/are among), and a plural definite description operator. Axiomatisability demands that plural variables only occur free, but they have a surprisingly important role. Plural description is not eliminable in favour of (...)
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  29. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2004). Multigrade Predicates. Mind 113 (452):609-681.score: 30.0
    The history of the idea of predicate is the history of its emancipation. The lesson of this paper is that there are two more steps to take. The first is to recognize that predicates need not have a fixed degree, the second that they can combine with plural terms. We begin by articulating the notion of a multigrade predicate: one that takes variably many arguments. We counter objections to the very idea posed by Peirce, Dummett's Frege, and Strawson. We show (...)
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  30. Michel Janssen, 'No Success Like Failure ...': Einstein's Quest for General Relativity, 1907-1920.score: 30.0
    This is the chapter on general relativity for the Cambridge Companion to Einstein which I am co-editing with Christoph Lehner.
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  31. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2001). Strategies for a Logic of Plurals. Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):289-306.score: 30.0
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  32. Theo M. V. Janssen (2001). Frege, Contextuality and Compositionality. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (1):115-136.score: 30.0
    There are two principles which bear the name Frege''sprinciple: the principle of compositionality, and the contextprinciple. The aim of this contribution is to investigate whether thisis justified: did Frege accept both principles at the same time, did hehold the one principle but not the other, or did he, at some moment,change his opinion? The conclusion is as follows. There is a developmentin Frege''s position. In the period of Grundlagen he followed to a strict form of contextuality. He repeatedcontextuality in later (...)
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  33. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2008). Is Plural Denotation Collective? Analysis 68 (297):22–34.score: 30.0
  34. Alex Oliver (2005). The Reference Principle. Analysis 65 (287):177–187.score: 30.0
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  35. Kelly Oliver (2009). Animal Lessons: How They Teach Us to Be Human. Columbia University Press.score: 30.0
    Introduction: The role of animals in philosophies of man -- Part I: What's wrong with animal rights? -- The right to remain silent -- Part II: Animal pedagogy -- You are what you eat : Rousseau's cat -- Say the human responded : Herder's sheep -- Part III: Difference worthy of its name -- Hair of the dog : Derrida's and Rousseau's good taste -- Sexual difference, animal difference : Derrida's sexy silkworm -- Part IV: It's our fault -- The (...)
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  36. Anthony Duncan & Michel Janssen (2008). Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B.score: 30.0
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  37. J. Eric Oliver (2006). The Politics of Pathology: How Obesity Became an Epidemic Disease. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):611-627.score: 30.0
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  38. Simon Oliver (2004). Robert Grosseteste on Light, Truth and Experimentum. Vivarium 42 (2):151-180.score: 30.0
  39. Michel Janssen, Of Pots and Holes: Einstein's Bumpy Road to General Relativity.score: 30.0
    Readers of this volume will notice that it contains only a few papers on general relativity. This is because most papers documenting the genesis and early development of general relativity were not published in Annalen der Physik . After Einstein took up his new prestigious position at the Prussian Academy of Sciences in the spring of 1914, the Sitzungsberichte of the Berlin academy almost by default became the main outlet for his scientific production. Two of the more important papers on (...)
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  40. Michel Janssen, Einstein's First Systematic Exposition of General Relativity.score: 30.0
    This paper will serve as the editorial note on Einstein's 1916 review article on general relativity in a planned volume with all of Einstein's papers in Annalen der Physik. It summarizes much of my other work on history of general relativity and draws heavily on the annotation of Einstein's writings and correspondence on general relativity for Vols. 4, 7, and 8 of the Einstein edition.
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  41. Yuri Balashov & Michel Janssen (2003). Review: Presentism and Relativity. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):327-346.score: 30.0
    In this critical notice we argue against William Craig's recent attempt to reconcile presentism (roughly, the view that only the present is real) with relativity theory. Craig's defense of his position boils down to endorsing a 'neo-Lorentzian interpretation' of special relativity. We contend that his reconstruction of Lorentz's theory and its historical development is fatally flawed and that his arguments for reviving this theory fail on many counts.
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  42. Anthony Duncan & Michel Janssen (2008). Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (3):634-666.score: 30.0
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  43. Alex Oliver & Alexius Schmeinong (2000). Ghost Writers. Analysis 60 (4):371–371.score: 30.0
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  44. Alex Oliver (2000). A Realistic Rationalism? Inquiry 43 (1):111 – 135.score: 30.0
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  45. Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley (2005). Plural Descriptions and Many-Valued Functions. Mind 114 (456):1039-1068.score: 30.0
    Russell had two theories of definite descriptions: one for singular descriptions, another for plural descriptions. We chart its development, in which ‘On Denoting’ plays a part but not the part one might expect, before explaining why it eventually fails. We go on to consider many-valued functions, since they too bring in plural terms—terms such as ‘4’ or the descriptive ‘the inhabitants of London’ which, like plain plural descriptions, stand for more than one thing. Logicians need to take plural reference seriously (...)
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  46. Kelly Oliver (2009). Bodies Against the Law: Abu Ghraib and the War on Terror. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 42 (1):63-80.score: 30.0
    In this essay, I argue that the contemporary notion of law has been reduced to regulations and disciplinary codes that do not and cannot give meaning to our emotional lives and moral sensibilities. As a result, we have increasing numbers of what I call “abysmal individuals” who suffer from a split between law—broadly conceived as that which gives form and structure to social life—and personal embodied sensations of pain and pleasure. My attempt to understand the place of Abu Ghraib within (...)
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  47. Michel Janssen (2008). Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (3):634-666.score: 30.0
    In 1909, Einstein derived a formula for the mean square energy fluctuation in blackbody radiation. This formula is the sum of a wave term and a particle term. In a key contribution to the 1926 Dreim¨.
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  48. Alex Oliver (1992). The Metaphysics of Singletons. Mind 101 (401):129-140.score: 30.0
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  49. Michel Janssen, 19Th Century Ether Theory..score: 30.0
    Scientists working on the wave theory of light in the 19 th century took it for granted that there had to be a medium for the propagation of light waves. This medium was called the luminiferous [= “light carrying”] ether. One of the central questions about this medium concerned its state of motion. There were two options: (1) The ether is completely undisturbed by matter moving through it (stationary or immobile ether); (2) Matter drags along the ether in its vicinity (...)
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  50. Alex Oliver (1994). Frege and Dummett Are Two. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174):74-82.score: 30.0
    In "Frege: Philosophy of Mathematics" Dummett recommends the following thesis, (PNP): the correct analysis of any sentence containing a plural noun phrase will show that the phrase is functioning predictively. According to Dummett, (PNP), applied to numerical predications such as the leaves are 1,000' is the key premise in Frege's argument against Mill's theory of numbers. But Frege never subscribed to (PNP) and he rejected such numerical predications, and point out how Frege's own semantic theory for plural noun phrases obscures (...)
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