Search results for 'Onne Janssen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Van Yperen & Evert Van de Vliert (2012). Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.score: 240.0
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived highly competent opponents relative (...)
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  2. P. Marijn Poortvliet, Frederik Anseel, Onne Janssen, Nico W. Yperen & Evert Vliert (2012). Perverse Effects of Other-Referenced Performance Goals in an Information Exchange Context. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):401-414.score: 240.0
    We argue and demonstrate that an emphasis on outperforming others may lead to perverse effects. Four studies show that assigning other-referenced performance goals, relative to self-referenced mastery goals, may lead to more interpersonally harmful behavior in an information exchange context. Results of Study 1 indicate that assigned performance goals lead to stronger thwarting behavior and less accurate information giving to an exchange partner than assigned mastery goals. Similarly, in Study 2 performance goal individuals more subtly deceived highly competent opponents relative (...)
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  3. M. Muransky & P. Janssen (2003). When Knowledge is Not Identified with Reason: An Interview with Paul Janssen. Filozofia 58 (8):564-570.score: 180.0
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  4. Michel Janssen & Matthew Mecklenburg, Electromagnetic Models of the Electron and the Transition From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics.score: 60.0
    This paper is part II of a trilogy on the transition from classical particle mechanics to relativistic continuum mechanics that one of the authors is working on. The first part, on the Trouton experiment, was published in the Stachel festschrift (Janssen 2003). This paper focuses on the Lorentz-Poincaré electron, and, in particular, on the "Poincaré pressure" or "Poincaré stresses" introduced to stabilize the electron. It covers both the original argument by Poincaré (1906) and a modern relativistic argument for adding (...)
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  5. Bienke M. Janssen, Tine Van Regenmortel & Tineke A. Abma (2012). Balancing Risk Prevention and Health Promotion: Towards a Harmonizing Approach in Care for Older People in the Community. Health Care Analysis 22 (1):1-21.score: 30.0
    Many older people in western countries express a desire to live independently and stay in control of their lives for as long as possible in spite of the afflictions that may accompany old age. Consequently, older people require care at home and additional support. In some care situations, tension and ambiguity may arise between professionals and clients whose views on risk prevention or health promotion may differ. Following Antonovsky’s salutogenic framework, different perspectives between professionals and clients on the pathways that (...)
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  6. Yuri Balashov & Michel Janssen (2003). Presentism and Relativity. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):327-346.score: 30.0
    In this critical notice we argue against William Craig's recent attempt to reconcile presentism (roughly, the view that only the present is real) with relativity theory. Craig's defense of his position boils down to endorsing a ‘neo-Lorentzian interpretation’ of special relativity. We contend that his reconstruction of Lorentz's theory and its historical development is fatally flawed and that his arguments for reviving this theory fail on many counts. 1 Rival theories of time 2 Relativity and the present 3 Special relativity: (...)
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  7. Michel Janssen, Einstein: The Old Sage and the Young Turk.score: 30.0
    There is a striking difference between the methodology of the young Einstein and that of the old. I argue that Einstein’s switch in the late 1910s from a moderate empiricism to an extreme rationalism should at least in part be understood against the background of his crushing personal and political experiences during the war years in Berlin. As a result of these experiences, Einstein started to put into practice what, drawing on Schopenhauer, he had preached for years, namely to use (...)
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  8. Michel Janssen, The Transition From Newtonian Particle Mechanics to Relativistic Field Mechanics.score: 30.0
    Einstein’s 1905 paper on special relativity suggests that relativistic mechanics is simply a matter of adjusting Newton’s to make it Lorentz invariant. Einstein, for instance.
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  9. Michel Janssen, Emergence and Interpretation of Lorentz Invariance.score: 30.0
    In the course of his work on optics and electrodynamics in systems moving through the ether, the 19th-century medium for light waves and electric and magnetic fields, Lorentz discovered and exploited the invariance of the free-field Maxwell equations under what Poincaré later proposed to call Lorentz transformations. To account for the negative results of optical experiments aimed at detecting the earth’s motion through the ether, Lorentz, in effect, assumed that the laws governing matter interacting with light waves are Lorentz invariant (...)
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  10. Michel Janssen, Drawing the Line Between Kinematics and Dynamics.score: 30.0
    I defend the widely held view challenged by Harvey Brown in his recent book that special relativity is preferable to those parts of Lorentz’s electron theory it replaced because various phenomena that special relativity reveals to be of purely kinematical origin were given a dynamical explanation in Lorentz’s theory. The phenomena most commonly discussed in this context in the philosophical literature are length contraction and time dilation. I consider three other such phenomena that played a role in the early reception (...)
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  11. Michel Janssen, Relativity.score: 30.0
    A brief review (~8K words) of the history and philosophy of special and general relativity for a Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
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  12. Michel Janssen, Why Einstein Introduced the Cosmological Constant.score: 30.0
    With the discovery that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate, Einstein’s cosmological constant, which he once supposedly called his biggest blunder, is making a remarkable comeback. Einstein’s introduction of this constant had little to do with cosmology. It was part of yet another failed attempt to eliminate absolute space from physics. It took the Dutch astronomer Willem de Sitter only a few days to blow the idea out of the water. It took Einstein over a year to concede (...)
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  13. Michel Janssen, 'No Success Like Failure ...': Einstein's Quest for General Relativity, 1907-1920.score: 30.0
    This is the chapter on general relativity for the Cambridge Companion to Einstein which I am co-editing with Christoph Lehner.
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  14. Michel Janssen (2008). Drawing the Line Between Kinematics and Dynamics in Special Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):26-52.score: 30.0
    In his book, Physical Relativity, Harvey Brown challenges the orthodox view that special relativity is preferable to those parts of Lorentz's classical ether theory it replaced because it revealed various phenomena that were given a dynamical explanation in Lorentz's theory to be purely kinematical. I want to defend this orthodoxy. The phenomena most commonly discussed in this context in the philosophical literature are length contraction and time dilation. I consider three other phenomena of this kind that played a role in (...)
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  15. Theo M. V. Janssen (2001). Frege, Contextuality and Compositionality. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (1):115-136.score: 30.0
    There are two principles which bear the name Frege''sprinciple: the principle of compositionality, and the contextprinciple. The aim of this contribution is to investigate whether thisis justified: did Frege accept both principles at the same time, did hehold the one principle but not the other, or did he, at some moment,change his opinion? The conclusion is as follows. There is a developmentin Frege''s position. In the period of Grundlagen he followed to a strict form of contextuality. He repeatedcontextuality in later (...)
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  16. Anthony Duncan & Michel Janssen (2008). Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B.score: 30.0
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  17. Michel Janssen, Of Pots and Holes: Einstein's Bumpy Road to General Relativity.score: 30.0
    Readers of this volume will notice that it contains only a few papers on general relativity. This is because most papers documenting the genesis and early development of general relativity were not published in Annalen der Physik . After Einstein took up his new prestigious position at the Prussian Academy of Sciences in the spring of 1914, the Sitzungsberichte of the Berlin academy almost by default became the main outlet for his scientific production. Two of the more important papers on (...)
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  18. Michel Janssen, Einstein's First Systematic Exposition of General Relativity.score: 30.0
    This paper will serve as the editorial note on Einstein's 1916 review article on general relativity in a planned volume with all of Einstein's papers in Annalen der Physik. It summarizes much of my other work on history of general relativity and draws heavily on the annotation of Einstein's writings and correspondence on general relativity for Vols. 4, 7, and 8 of the Einstein edition.
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  19. Anthony Duncan & Michel Janssen (2008). Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (3):634-666.score: 30.0
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  20. Yuri Balashov & Michel Janssen (2003). Review: Presentism and Relativity. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (2):327-346.score: 30.0
    In this critical notice we argue against William Craig's recent attempt to reconcile presentism (roughly, the view that only the present is real) with relativity theory. Craig's defense of his position boils down to endorsing a 'neo-Lorentzian interpretation' of special relativity. We contend that his reconstruction of Lorentz's theory and its historical development is fatally flawed and that his arguments for reviving this theory fail on many counts.
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  21. Michel Janssen (2012). The Twins and the Bucket: How Einstein Made Gravity Rather Than Motion Relative in General Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 43 (3):159-175.score: 30.0
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  22. Michel Janssen (2008). Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (3):634-666.score: 30.0
    In 1909, Einstein derived a formula for the mean square energy fluctuation in blackbody radiation. This formula is the sum of a wave term and a particle term. In a key contribution to the 1926 Dreim¨.
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  23. Michel Janssen, 19Th Century Ether Theory..score: 30.0
    Scientists working on the wave theory of light in the 19 th century took it for granted that there had to be a medium for the propagation of light waves. This medium was called the luminiferous [= “light carrying”] ether. One of the central questions about this medium concerned its state of motion. There were two options: (1) The ether is completely undisturbed by matter moving through it (stationary or immobile ether); (2) Matter drags along the ether in its vicinity (...)
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  24. Michel Janssen, S Hdrtly After the Publicatlon Qf the Field Equatidns of General Relativity In.score: 30.0
    A substantial part of my reconstruction can aheady be found, in a very condensed form, in the annotauon for the relevant pages of the Einstein-Besso manuscript in Einstein CP4: doc. 14, pp. [41— 42]. The letter to Freundlich and other correspondence from the period 1915 — 1917 that I drew on for this paper appear in Einstein CPS. I wrote this paper in the context of a larger project of the Maxplanck-Institut flir Wissenschaflsgeschichte which aims at giving the most detailed (...)
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  25. Anthony Duncan & Michel Janssen, On the Verge of Umdeutung in Minnesota: Van Vleck and the Correspondence Principle.score: 30.0
    In October 1924, The Physical Review, a relatively minor journal at the time, published a remarkable two-part paper by John H. Van Vleck, working in virtual isolation at the University of Minnesota. Van Vleck used Bohr's correspondence principle and Einstein's quantum theory of radiation to find quantum formulae for the emission, absorption, and dispersion of radiation. The paper is similar but in many ways superior to the well-known paper by Kramers and Heisenberg published the following year that is widely credited (...)
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  26. Michel Janssen (2002). COI Stories: Explanation and Evidence in the History of Science. Perspectives on Science 10 (4):457-522.score: 30.0
    This paper takes as its point of departure two striking incongruities between scientiªc practice and trends in modern history and philosophy of science. (1) Many modern historians of science are so preoccupied with local scientiªc practices that they fail to recognize important non-local elements. (2) Many modern philosophers of science make a sharp distinction between explanation and evidence, whereas in scientiªc practice explanatory power is routinely used as evidence for scientiªc claims. I draw attention to one speciªc way in..
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  27. Maarten C. W. Janssen (2001). Rationalizing Focal Points. Theory and Decision 50 (2):119-148.score: 30.0
    Focal points seem to be important in helping players coordinate their strategies in coordination problems. Game theory lacks, however, a formal theory of focal points. This paper proposes a theory of focal points that is based on individual rationality considerations. The two principles upon which the theory rest are the Principle of Insufficient Reason (IR) and a Principle of Individual Team Member Rationality. The way IR is modelled combines the classic notion of description symmetry and a new notion of pay-off (...)
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  28. Maarten C. W. Janssen (2003). Coordination and Cooperation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):165-166.score: 30.0
    This comment makes four related points. First, explaining coordination is different from explaining cooperation. Second, solving the coordination problem is more important for the theory of games than solving the cooperation problem. Third, a version of the Principle of Coordination can be rationalized on individualistic grounds. Finally, psychological game theory should consider how players perceive their gaming situation.
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  29. Michel Janssen, A Journey More Important Than Its Destination: Einstein's Quest for General Relativity, 1907–1920.score: 30.0
    In 1907, Einstein set out to fully relativize all motion, no matter whether uniform or accelerated. After five failed attempts between 1907 and 1918, he finally threw in the towel around 1920, setting himself a new goal. For the rest of his life he searched for a classical field theory unifying gravity and electromagnetism. As he struggled to relativize motion, Einstein had to readjust both his approach and his objectives at almost every step along the way; he got himself hopelessly (...)
     
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  30. Maarten C. W. Janssen (1989). Structuralist Reconstructions of Classical and Keynesian Macroeconomics. Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):165 - 181.score: 30.0
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  31. Michel Janssen, The Einstein-De Sitter Debate and Its Aftermath.score: 30.0
    The recently published Vol. 8 of Einstein’s Collected Papers brings together for the first time all extant letters and postcards documenting the famous debate of 1916–18 between Einstein and the Leyden astronomer Willem de Sitter (1872–1934), over, as they referred to it, the relativity of inertia. It was in the course of this debate that the first two relativistic cosmological models were proposed: the “Einstein cylinder world,” filled with a uniform static mass distribution; and the completely empty “De Sitter hyperboloid (...)
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  32. Michel Janssen, Appendix A: Special Relativity.score: 30.0
    1.1. The two postulates of special relativity and the tension between them. When Einstein first presented what came to be known as special relativity, he based the theory on two postulates or principles, called the “relativity postulate” or “relativity principle” and the “light postulate.” Both postulates are supported by a wealth of experimental evidence. The combination of the two, however, appears to lead to contradictions. To avoid such contradictions, Einstein argued, we need to change some of our fundamental ideas about (...)
     
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  33. Maarten Janssen (1993). Methodological Foundations of Macroeconomics: Keynes and Lucas, Alessandro Vercelli. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, Xv + 269 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 9 (01):195-.score: 30.0
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  34. Michel Janssen, Critical Notice.score: 30.0
    In this critical notice we argue against William Craig’s recent attempt to reconcile presentism (roughly, the view that only the present is real) with relativity theory. Craig’s defense of his position boils down to endorsing a ‘neo-Lorentzian interpretation’ of special relativity. We contend that his reconstruction of Lorentz’s theory and its historical development is fatally flawed and that his arguments for reviving this theory fail on many counts.
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  35. Michel Janssen, The Trouton Experiment and E Mc2 =.score: 30.0
    In the Fall of 1900, Frederick T. Trouton started work on an ingenious experiment in his laboratory at Trinity College in Dublin. The purpose of the experiment was to detect the earth’s presumed motion through the ether, the 19th century medium thought to carry light waves and electric and magnetic fields. The experiment was unusual in that, unlike most of these so-called ether drift experiments, it was not an experiment in optics. Trouton tried to detect ether drift by charging and (...)
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  36. Theo M. V. Janssen (forthcoming). Montague Semantics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  37. J. A. G. Groenendijk, T. M. V. Janssen & M. J. B. Stokhof (eds.) (1984). Truth, Interpretation, and Information: Selected Papers From the Third Amsterdam Colloquium. Foris Publications.score: 30.0
    A Theory of Truth and Semantic Representation Hans Kamp. INTRODUCTION Two conceptions of meaning have dominated formal semantics of natural language. ...
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  38. Theo M. V. Janssen (2002). Independent Choices and the Interpretation of IF Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (3):367-387.score: 30.0
    In this paper it is argued that Hintikka's game theoreticalsemantics for Independence Friendly logic does not formalize theintuitions about independent choices; it rather is aformalization of imperfect information. Furthermore it is shownthat the logic has several remarkable properties (e.g.,renaming of bound variables is not allowed). An alternativesemantics is proposed which formalizes intuitions aboutindependence.
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  39. Rick B. van Baaren, Daniel A. Fockenberg, Rob W. Holland, Loes Janssen & Ad van Knippenberg (2006). The Moody Chameleon: The Effect of Mood on Non-Conscious Mimicry. Social Cognition 24 (4):426-437.score: 30.0
  40. Maarten C. W. Janssen (2001). On the Principle of Coordination. Economics and Philosophy 17 (2):221-234.score: 30.0
    On many occasions, individuals are able to coordinate their actions. The first empirical evidence to this effect has been described by Schelling (1960) in an informal experiment. His results were corroborated many years later by Mehta et al. (1994a,b) and Bacharach and Bernasconi (1997). From the point of view of mainstream game theory, the success of individuals in coordinating their actions is something of a mystery. If there are two or more strict Nash equilibria, mainstream game theory has no means (...)
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  41. Paul Janssen (1993). Phänomenologie Als Geschichtsphilosophie in Praktischer Absicht: Den Philosophischen Intentionen Ludwig Landgrebes Zur Erinnerung. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 10 (2):97-110.score: 30.0
  42. M. C. W. Janssen & Y. -H. Tan (1991). Why Friedman's Non-Monotonic Reasoning Defies Hempel's Covering Law Model. Synthese 86 (2):255 - 284.score: 30.0
    In this paper we will show that Hempel's covering law model can't deal very well with explanations that are based on incomplete knowledge. In particular the symmetry thesis, which is an important aspect of the covering law model, turns out to be problematic for these explanations. We will discuss an example of an electric circuit, which clearly indicates that the symmetry of explanation and prediction does not always hold. It will be argued that an alternative logic for causal explanation is (...)
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  43. Christian P. Janssen & Duncan P. Brumby (2010). Strategic Adaptation to Performance Objectives in a Dual-Task Setting. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1548-1560.score: 30.0
    How do people interleave attention when multitasking? One dominant account is that the completion of a subtask serves as a cue to switch tasks. But what happens if switching solely at subtask boundaries led to poor performance? We report a study in which participants manually dialed a UK-style telephone number while driving a simulated vehicle. If the driver were to exclusively return his or her attention to driving after completing a subtask (i.e., using the single break in the xxxxx-xxxxxx representational (...)
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  44. Theo M. V. Janssen (2013). Compositional Natural Language Semantics Using Independence Friendly Logic or Dependence Logic. Studia Logica 101 (2):453-466.score: 30.0
    Independence Friendly Logic, introduced by Hintikka, is a logic in which a quantifier can be marked for being independent of other quantifiers. Dependence logic, introduced by Väänänen, is a logic with the complementary approach: for a quantifier it can be indicated on which quantifiers it depends. These logics are claimed to be useful for many phenomena, for instance natural language semantics. In this contribution we will compare these two logics by investigating their application in a compositional analysis of the de (...)
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  45. Christian P. Janssen, Duncan P. Brumby, John Dowell, Nick Chater & Andrew Howes (2011). Identifying Optimum Performance Trade-Offs Using a Cognitively Bounded Rational Analysis Model of Discretionary Task Interleaving. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):123-139.score: 30.0
    We report the results of a dual-task study in which participants performed a tracking and typing task under various experimental conditions. An objective payoff function was used to provide explicit feedback on how participants should trade off performance between the tasks. Results show that participants’ dual-task interleaving strategy was sensitive to changes in the difficulty of the tracking task and resulted in differences in overall task performance. To test the hypothesis that people select strategies that maximize payoff, a Cognitively Bounded (...)
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  46. Catherine Janssen, Joëlle Vanhamme, Adam Lindgreen & Cécile Lefebvre (2014). The Catch-22 of Responsible Luxury: Effects of Luxury Product Characteristics on Consumers' Perception of Fit with Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (1):45-57.score: 30.0
    The notion of “responsible luxury” may appear as a contradiction in terms. This article investigates the influence of two defining characteristics of luxury products—scarcity and ephemerality—on consumers’ perception of the fit between luxury and corporate social responsibility (CSR), as well as how this perceived fit affects consumers’ attitudes toward luxury products. A field experiment reveals that ephemerality moderates the positive impact of scarcity on consumers’ perception of fit between luxury and CSR. When luxury products are enduring (e.g., jewelry), a scarce (...)
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  47. Jacques Janssen & Theo Verheggen (1997). The Double Center of Gravity in Durkheim's Symbol Theory: Bringing the Symbolism of the Body Back In. Sociological Theory 15 (3):294-306.score: 30.0
    By studying Durkheim through a Schopenhauerian lens, the one-sidedly cognitivist and functionalist reception of his social theory can be balanced. Durkheim explicitly rejected such monistic interpretations. His dialectical approach was always aimed at an essentially dualistic perception of man and society, wherein the lower pole, the individual, is central. In Durkheim's symbol theory, this position leads to two kinds of symbols: those that are bound to the human body, here called "this and that" symbols, and those people can choose freely, (...)
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  48. Michel Janssen, Van Vleck and Slater: Two Americans on the Road to Matrix Mechanics.score: 30.0
    I relate the story of how matrix mechanics grew out of the treatment of optical dispersion in the old quantum theory, paying special attention to the contributions of the American theoretical physicists John H. Van Vleck and John C. Slater. Van Vleck shares the credit with Max Born for being the first to publish a full derivation of the crucial Kramers dispersion formula using Bohr’s correspondence principle. Slater was one of the architects of the short-lived but influential Bohr-Kramers-Slater (BKS) theory (...)
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  49. Willem M. De Muynck, Peter A. E. M. Janssen & Alexander Santman (1979). Simultaneous Measurement and Joint Probability Distributions in Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 9 (1-2):71-122.score: 30.0
    The problem of simultaneous measurement of incompatible observables in quantum mechanics is studied on the one hand from the viewpoint of an axiomatic treatment of quantum mechanics and on the other hand starting from a theory of measurement. It is argued that it is precisely such a theory of measurement that should provide a meaning to the axiomatically introduced concepts, especially to the concept of observable. Defining an observable as a class of measurement procedures yielding a certain prescribed result for (...)
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  50. Michel Janssen, From Classical to Relativistic Mechanics: Electromagnetic Models of the Electron.score: 30.0
    “Special relativity killed the classical dream of using the energy-momentumvelocity relations as a means of probing the dynamical origins of [the mass of the electron]. The relations are purely kinematical” (Pais, 1982, 159). This perceptive comment comes from a section on the pre-relativistic notion of electromagnetic mass in ‘Subtle is the Lord . . . ’, Abraham Pais’ highly acclaimed biography of Albert Einstein. ‘Kinematical’ in this context means ‘independent of the details of the dynamics’. In this paper we examine (...)
     
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