Search results for 'Ontology History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nikolay Milkov (2006). Mesocosmological Descriptions: An Essay in the Extensional Ontology of History. Essays in Philosophy 7 (2):1-17.score: 144.0
    The following paper advances a new argument for the thesis that scientific and historical knowledge are not different in type. This argument makes use of a formal ontology of history which dispenses with generality, laws and causality. It views the past social world as composed of Wittgenstein’s Tractarian objects: of events, ordered in ontological dependencies. Theories in history advance models of past reality which connect—in experiment—faces of past events in complexes. The events themselves are multi-grained so that (...)
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  2. Paisley Livingston, History of the Ontology of Art. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 126.0
    First critical survey devoted to the history of philosophical contributions to this topic. Brings to light neglected contributions prior to the second half of the 20th century including works in Danish, German, and French. Provides a division of issues and clarifies key ambiguities related to modality.
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  3. John Dyck (2014). Perfect Compliance in Musical History and Musical Ontology. British Journal of Aesthetics 54 (1):31-47.score: 126.0
    There’s a common assumption that Western classical music performance essentially involves an ideal of perfect compliance: to perform a musical work, the performer must intend to play all of the notes in the score of that work, without deviating. Many accounts of musical ontology focus on Western classical music; consequently, they take this assumption to be fundamental to their accounts. However, recent musicological research reveals that this ideal is a relatively recent phenomenon, and doesn’t fit much paradigmatic classical music. (...)
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  4. Raul Corazzon, Theory and History of Ontology.score: 126.0
    Stagirite's important disciples should also be mentioned. Other philosophers belonging to the Peripatetic school were: Aristoxenus, Dikaiarchos, Phanias, Straton, Duris, Chamaeleon, Lycon, Hieronymus, Ariston, Critolaus, Phormio, Sotion, Hermippus, Satyrus and others. Straton even succeeded Theophrastus as director of the Lyceum but his name and those of the other Peripatetics of Aristotle's old school should not be considered in a history of logic as they were mainly concerned with history and the natural sciences.
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  5. John Symons, A Sketch of the History and Methodology of Ontology in the Analytic Tradition.score: 122.0
    The analytic tradition is sometimes criticized as being narrowly focused on language, logic or conceptual analysis to the detriment of deeper investigations into ontological, metaphysical or moral questions.1 More specifically, analytic philosophy has been associated with a positivist attitude which favored replacing the philosophy’s traditional focus on fundamental questions with an obsequiously deferential relationship to mathematics and the natural sciences. While this line of criticism obscures the historical reality and contemporary diversity of the analytic tradition, it is certainly true that (...)
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  6. Edward Slowik (2005). On the Cartesian Ontology of General Relativity: Or, Conventionalism in the History of the Substantival-Relational Debate. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1312-1323.score: 120.0
  7. Leo Treitler (1993). History and the Ontology of the Musical Work. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (3):483-497.score: 120.0
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  8. Teed Rockwell, The Effects of Atomistic Ontology on the History of Psychology.score: 120.0
    _This article articulates the presuppositions that psychology inherited from logical positivism, and how_ _those presuppositions effected the interpretation of data and research procedures. Despite the efforts of_ _Wundt, his most well known disciples, Titchener and Külpe, embraced an atomistic view of experience which_ _was at_ _least partly responsible for many of their failures. When the behaviorists rejected the_ _introspectionism of Titchener and Külpe, they kept their atomism, using the reflex_.
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  9. José Ferrater Mora (1963). On the Early History of `Ontology'. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24 (1):36-47.score: 120.0
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  10. Fred Matthews (1985). Ontology and Chicago Sociology: A New Approach to the History of Social Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):197-203.score: 120.0
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  11. Duane H. Davis (2001). Ontology and History in Merleau-Ponty's Later Philosophy. Chiasmi International 3:81-101.score: 120.0
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  12. Tom Rockmore (1991). Subjectivity and the Ontology of History. The Monist 74 (2):187-205.score: 120.0
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  13. James K. Feibleman (1953). History of Dyadic Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 6 (3):351 - 367.score: 120.0
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  14. Charles R. Bambach (1990). History and Ontology. Philosophy Today 34 (3):259-272.score: 120.0
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  15. Julio César Díaz (2010). The History of Ontology. International Studies in Philosophy Monograph Series:55-61.score: 120.0
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  16. Michaël Devaux & Marco Lamanna (2009). The Rise and Early History of the Term Ontology (1606-1730). Quaestio 9 (1):173-208.score: 120.0
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  17. Horst Gundlach (1993). Psychophysics, its History and Ontology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):144.score: 120.0
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  18. David Belot (2008). Dialectic, Ontology and History in the Preparatory Course Notes on Dialectic Philosophy (1956). Revue Internationale de Philosophie 62 (244):189-206.score: 120.0
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  19. Wilhelm Halbfass (1989). Observations on Sattāsambandha and the History of Vaiśeṣika Ontology. Journal of the American Oriental Society 104:553-557.score: 120.0
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  20. Jozef L. Krakowiak (2009). 2009: Year of the Meanings of Polish and European History: Freedom and Independence--True Open University Education--Self-Knowledge of Panhuman Universal Civilizations-Editorial--Polish and Universal--An Elementary Polishness Ontology. Dialogue and Universalism 19 (3):5.score: 120.0
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  21. Calvin O. Schrag (forthcoming). Phenomenology, Ontology, and History in the Philosophy of Heidegger. Revue Internationale de Philosophie.score: 120.0
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  22. Sonu Shamdasani (2005). Part 1. James and the History of Psychology. Metaphysics and Consciousness in James's Varieties : A Centenary Lecture / Eugene Taylor ; Psychologies as Ontology-Making Practices : William James and the Pluralities of Psychological Experience. In Jeremy R. Carrette (ed.), William James and the Varieties of Religious Experience: A Centenary Celebration. Routledge.score: 120.0
     
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  23. Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.) (1991). Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Philosophia Verlag.score: 114.0
    The Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology reflects the conviction that the history of metaphysics and current work in metaphysics and ontology can each throw valuable light on the other. Thus it is designed to serve both äs a means of making more widely accessible the results of recent scholarship in the history of philosophy, and also äs a unique work of reference in reladon to the metaphysical themes at the centre of much current debate in analyüc (...)
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  24. Patrick Gamez (2014). Ricoeur and Foucault: Between Ontology and Critique. Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 4 (2):90-107.score: 114.0
    In this paper, I trace some of Ricoeur’s criticisms of Foucault in his major works on historiography, and evaluate them. I find that Ricoeur’s criticisms of Foucault’s archaeological project in Time and Narrative are not particularly worrisome, and that Foucault’s “critical” project actually provides alternatives for enriching and expanding on some of Ricoeur’s later insights in Memory, History, Forgetting and – in particular – for troubling the distinction made between critique and ontology.
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  25. Edward Booth (1983). Aristotelian Aporetic Ontology in Islamic and Christian Thinkers. Cambridge University Press.score: 96.0
    This is a ground-breaking study of the consequences of a central problem in Aristotle's Metaphysics in the interpretation given to it by Islamic and Christian Aristotelian philosophers: the relationship between individuals as individuals, and individuals as instances of a universal. Father Booth begins from an examination of the factors causing the aporia in the centre of Aristotle's ontology, going on to elaborate the way in which it occurred sometimes with confused reactions among the Greek, Syrian and Arab commentators, and (...)
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  26. Martin Goffeney (2013). Memory, History, and Pluripotency: A Realist View of Literary Studies. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (2):44-59.score: 96.0
    Speculative realism has, over the course of its rapid and controversial emergence in the past decade, been frequently criticized from the perspective of historical materialism, for its putative reliance on abstraction and eschewal of a sufficiently rigorous ideological alignment. This paper takes such critiques as a starting point for an examination of the contributions recent thought in the area of speculative realism has to offer the study of the humanities – specifically, the study of literature and literary history. In (...)
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  27. Thomas Ryckman (2012). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Physics? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):496-512.score: 90.0
    Abstract Naturalized metaphysics remains a default presupposition of much contemporary philosophy of physics. As metaphysics is supposed to be about the general structure of reality, so a naturalized metaphysics draws upon our best physical theories: Assuming the truth of such a theory, it attempts to answer the “foundational question par excellence “, “how could the world possibly be the way this theory says it is?“ It is argued that attention to historical detail in the development and formulation of physical theories (...)
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  28. M. C. Dillon (1997). Merleau-Ponty's Ontology. Northwestern University Press.score: 90.0
    Originally published in 1988, M. C. Dillon's classic study of Merleau-Ponty is now available in a revised second edition containing a new preface and a new ...
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  29. Geza Kallay (2012). At T-Time, the Inchoative Nick of Time, and Statements About the Past: Time and History in the Analytic Philosophy of Language. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):322-351.score: 90.0
    The paper, drawing on articles by J. M. E. McTaggart, G. E. Moore, D. Davidson, J. L. Austin, B. Russell, A. J. Ayer and G. E. M. Anscombe, argues that the philosophy of language in the analytic tradition has developed an “inchoative“ view of time , and history is a problem as regards the existence of events in the past and how these events can be known. An alternative view is hinted at through the work of L. Wittgenstein and (...)
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  30. Charles T. Wolfe (2014). The Organism as Ontological Go-Between. Hybridity, Boundaries and Degrees of Reality in its Conceptual History. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 1:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shps.score: 90.0
    The organism is neither a discovery like the circulation of the blood or the glycogenic function of the liver, nor a particular biological theory like epigenesis or preformationism. It is rather a concept which plays a series of roles – sometimes overt, sometimes masked – throughout the history of biology, and frequently in very normative ways, also shifting between the biological and the social. Indeed, it has often been presented as a key-concept in life science and the ‘theorization’ of (...)
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  31. Michael Ayers (1991/1999). Locke: Epistemology and Ontology. Routledge.score: 90.0
    This book is available either individually, or as part of the specially-priced Arguments of the Philosphers Collection.
     
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  32. Sebastian Draiman (2010). Florea Lucaci, Creatie si fiintare. Un temei în ontologia umanului/ Creation and Being. A Fundament in Human Ontology. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (11):78-80.score: 90.0
    Florea Lucaci, Creatie si fiintare. Un temei în ontologia umanului Editura Dacia, Cluj Napoca, 2002.
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  33. Gert Hummel (ed.) (1989). God and Being: The Problem of Ontology in the Philosophical Theology of Paul Tillich: Contributions Made to the Ii. International Paul Tillich Symposium Held in Frankfurt 1988. Gruyter.score: 90.0
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  34. Kenneth M. Sayre (1983/2005). Plato's Late Ontology: A Riddle Resolved: With a New Introduction and the Essay, "Excess and Deficiency at Statesman 283c-285c". [REVIEW] Parmenides Pub..score: 90.0
  35. Adrian Thatcher (1978). The Ontology of Paul Tillich. Oxford University Press.score: 90.0
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  36. Jim Unah (1997). Heidegger: Through Kant to Fundamental Ontology. Hope Publication.score: 90.0
  37. Oliver O'Donovan (2009). The Language of Rights and Conceptual History. Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (2):193-207.score: 84.0
    The historical problem about the origins of the language of rights derives its importance from the conceptual problem: of "two fundamentally different ways of thinking about justice," which is basic? Is justice unitary or plural? This in turn opens up a problem about the moral status of human nature. A narrative of the origins of "rights" is an account of how and when a plural concept of justice comes to the fore, and will be based on the occurrence of definite (...)
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  38. Johanna Seibt (1997). The 'Umbau' - From Constitution Theory to Constructional Ontology. History of Philosophy Quarterly 14 (3):305 - 348.score: 84.0
    The paper traces, historically and systematically, the influence of Carnap’s philosophical program on the writings of Nelson Goodman, focusing on the relationship between Carnap’s Aufbau and Goodman’s Structure of Appearance. In particular, drawing on unpublished material from the Carnap Research Archives, I show that Carnap had already anticipated Goodman’s criticism of the method of quasi-analysis and that Goodman misconstrued the status of this procedure on several counts. I also argue that Carnap’s anti-metaphysical stance left his approach with an explanatory deficit (...)
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  39. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2009). Methodological Peculiarities of History in Light of Idealizational Theory of Science. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):137-157.score: 84.0
    The aim of the paper is an extension of the idealizational theory of science in order to explicate intuitions of historians and philosophers of history about unpredictability and contingency of history. The author identifies two types of essential structures: the first kind dominated by the main factor and the second kind which is dominated by a class of secondary factors. In an essential structure dominated by the main factor, the power of influence it exerts is greater than the (...)
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  40. Frank W. Stahnisch (2005). Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on Experimental Practice in Medicine and the Life Sciences. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):397-425.score: 84.0
    The aim of this paper is to discuss a key question in the history and philosophy of medicine, namely how scholars should treat the practices and experimental hypotheses of modern life science laboratories. The paper seeks to introduce some prominent historiographical methods and theoretical approaches associated with biomedical research. Although medical scientists need no convincing that experimentation has a significant function in their laboratory work, historians, philosophers, and sociologists long neglected its importance when examining changes in medical theories or (...)
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  41. Giuseppina D’Oro (2008). The Ontological Backlash: Why Did Mainstream Analytic Philosophy Lose Interest in the Philosophy of History? Philosophia 36 (4):403-415.score: 80.0
    This paper seeks to explain why mainstream analytic philosophy lost interest in the philosophy of history. It suggests that the reasons why the philosophy of history no longer commands the attention of mainstream analytical philosophy may be explained by the success of an ontological backlash against the linguistic turn and a view of philosophy as a form of conceptual analysis. In brief I argue that in the 1950s and 1960s the philosophy of history attracted the interest (...)
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  42. Brian R. Vandenberg (2010). Evidence, Ontology, and Psychological Science: The Lesson of Hypnosis. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 30 (1):51-65.score: 78.0
  43. Jan Bengtsson (2006). The Many Identities of Pedagogics as a Challenge: Towards an Ontology of Pedagogical Research as Pedagogical Practice. Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (2):115–128.score: 78.0
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  44. Brent D. Slife (2004). Taking Practice Seriously: Toward a Relational Ontology. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):157-178.score: 78.0
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  45. Hartmut Behr (2010). A History of International Political Theory: Ontologies of the International. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 78.0
    Universalism in Greek and Roman antiquity and Christian political philosophy -- Universalistic thinking from early modern times to Enlightenment -- The emergence of particularism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries -- The triumph of particularism in twentieth-century international relations theory -- Instead of a conclusion : towards renewed ontology(ies).
     
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  46. Serge Grigoriev (2012). Dewey: A Pragmatist View of History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (2):173-194.score: 72.0
    Despite the centrality of the idea of history to Dewey's overall philosophical outlook, his brief treatment of philosophical issues in history has never attracted much attention, partly because of the dearth of the available material. Nonetheless, as argued in this essay, what we do have provides for the outlines of a comprehensive pragmatist view of history distinguished by an emphasis on methodological pluralism and a principled opposition to thinking of historical knowledge in correspondence terms. The key conceptions (...)
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  47. Geoff Goddu (2011). Is “Argument” Subject to the Product/Process Ambiguity? Informal Logic 31 (2):75-88.score: 72.0
    The product/process distinction with regards to “argument” has a longstanding history and foundational role in argumentation theory. I shall argue that, regardless of one’s chosen ontology of arguments, arguments are not the product of some process of arguing. Hence, appeal to the distinction is distorting the very organizational foundations of argumentation theory and should be abandoned.
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  48. Ian Hunter (2005). The State of History and the Empire of Metaphysics. History and Theory 44 (2):289–303.score: 72.0
    One of the curious things about this challenging book is that its ostensible subject— the Saxon medical and political scientist Hermann Conring (1606–1681)— is not mentioned in the title. Constantin Fasolt argues that we cannot know what Conring really thought or meant in his writings, which means that his topic cannot be Conring as such and must instead be that which occludes our knowledge of him, the titular limits of history. Given that we do in fact learn a good (...)
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  49. Barry Smith & Chris Welty (2002). Ontology: Towards a New Synthesis. In Formal Ontology in Information Systems. ACM Press.score: 72.0
    This introduction to the second international conference on Formal Ontology and Information Systems presents a brief history of ontology as a discipline spanning the boundaries of philosophy and information science. We sketch some of the reasons for the growth of ontology in the information science field, and offer a preliminary stocktaking of how the term ‘ontology’ is currently used. We conclude by suggesting some grounds for optimism as concerns the future collaboration between philosophical ontologists and (...)
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  50. Maurice Merleau-Ponty (2010). Institution and Passivity: Course Notes From the Collège de France (1954-1955). Northwestern University Press.score: 72.0
    Institution in personal and public history. Introduction -- Institution and life -- Institution of a feeling -- The institution of a work of art -- Institution of a domain of knowledge -- The field of culture -- Historical institution: particularity and universality -- Summary for Thursday's course: Institution in personal and public history -- The problem of passivity: sleep, the unconscious, memory. The philosophy and the phenomenon of passivity -- For an ontology of the perceived world -- (...)
     
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