Search results for 'Operation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Larry W. Boone & Christine R. MacDonald (2009). Broadcasting Operation Iraqi Freedom: The People Behind Cable News Ethics, Decisions, and Gender Differences. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):115 - 134.score: 18.0
    In March 2003, President Bush declared the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom, the anticipated commencement of intensive American-led military operations in Iraq. With this declaration, the media began intense coverage of military operations from the field. For the first time, viewers were able to see images of actual events. This was due to three developments: the advancement of technology allowing immediate transmission of text and images, the actual presence of journalists identified as "embedded journalists" at military sites, and the (...)
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  2. Rahul Singh, Robert Chauhan & Suhail Anwar (2012). Improving the Quality of General Surgical Operation Notes in Accordance with the Royal College of Surgeons Guidelines: A Prospective Completed Audit Loop Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (3):578-580.score: 15.0
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  3. John-Michael M. Kuczynski (2006). Formal Operations and Simulated Thought. Philosophical Explorations 9 (2):221-234.score: 12.0
    A series of representations must be semantics-driven if the members of that series are to combine into a single thought. Where semantics is not operative, there is at most a series of disjoint representations that add up to nothing true or false, and therefore do not constitute a thought at all. There is necessarily a gulf between simulating thought, on the one hand, and actually thinking, on the other. A related point is that a popular doctrine - the so-called 'computational (...)
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  4. Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves (2009). Phenomenological Architecture of a Mind and Operational Architectonics of the Brain: The Unified Metastable Continuum. In Robert Kozma & John Caulfield (eds.), Journal of New Mathematics and Natural Computing. Special Issue on Neurodynamic Correlates of Higher Cognition and Consciousness: Theoretical and Experimental Approaches - in Honor of Walter J Freeman's 80th Birthday. World Scientific. 221-244.score: 12.0
    In our contribution we will observe phenomenal architecture of a mind and operational architectonics of the brain and will show their intimate connectedness within a single integrated metastable continuum. The notion of operation of different complexity is the fundamental and central one in bridging the gap between brain and mind: it is precisely by means of this notion that it is possible to identify what at the same time belongs to the phenomenal conscious level and to the neurophysiological level (...)
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  5. Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves (2010). Natural World Physical, Brain Operational, and Mind Phenomenal Space-Time. Physics of Life Reviews 7 (2):195-249.score: 12.0
    Concepts of space and time are widely developed in physics. However, there is a considerable lack of biologically plausible theoretical frameworks that can demonstrate how space and time dimensions are implemented in the activity of the most complex life-system – the brain with a mind. Brain activity is organized both temporally and spatially, thus representing space-time in the brain. Critical analysis of recent research on the space-time organization of the brain’s activity pointed to the existence of so-called operational space-time in (...)
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  6. Mark Coeckelbergh (2009). Distributive Justice and Co-Operation in a World of Humans and Non-Humans: A Contractarian Argument for Drawing Non-Humans Into the Sphere of Justice. Res Publica 15 (1):67-84.score: 12.0
    Various arguments have been provided for drawing non-humans such as animals and artificial agents into the sphere of moral consideration. In this paper, I argue for a shift from an ontological to a social-philosophical approach: instead of asking what an entity is, we should try to conceptually grasp the quasi-social dimension of relations between non-humans and humans. This allows me to reconsider the problem of justice, in particular distributive justice . Engaging with the work of Rawls, I show that an (...)
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  7. S. J. Prokhovnik (1980). The Operation of the Relativistic Doppler Effect. Foundations of Physics 10 (3-4):197-208.score: 12.0
    It is shown that the mode of operation of the relativistic Doppler effect and hence also its general formula can be deduced directly from the assumption of a cosmological fundamental reference frame, whose existence is now strongly supported by astronomical observation. Such a frame implies the existence of (relativistic) anisotropy effects on bodies and observers moving relative to it. The Doppler effect consequence is an interesting example of the emergence of relativistic effects from a simple intelligible assumption about light (...)
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  8. Dieter Birnbacher (1999). Ethics and Social Science: Which Kind of Co-Operation? [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (4):319-336.score: 12.0
    The relation between ethics and social science is often conceived as complementary, both disciplines cooperating in the solution of concrete moral problems. Against this, the paper argues that not only applied ethics but even certain parts of general ethics have to incorporate sociological and psychological data and theories from the start. Applied ethics depends on social science in order to asses the impact of its own principles on the concrete realities which these principles are to regulate as well as in (...)
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  9. Leo K. C. Cheung (2000). The Tractarian Operation N and Expressive Completeness. Synthese 123 (2):247-261.score: 12.0
    The purpose of this paper is threefold. First, I visit the Fogelin–Geach-dispute, criticizeMiller''s interpretation of the Geachian notationN(x:N(fx)) and conclude that Fogelin''s argumentagainst the expressive completeness of the Tractariansystem of logic is unacceptable and that the adoptionof the Geachian notation N(x:fx) would not violate TLP5.32. Second, I prove that a system of quantificationtheory with finite domains and with N as the solefundamental operation is expressively complete. Lastly, I argue that the Tractarian system is apredicate-eliminated many-sorted theory (withoutidentity) with finite (...)
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  10. Michael N. Schmitt * (2004). The Legality of Operation Iraqi Freedom Under International Law. Journal of Military Ethics 3 (2):82-104.score: 12.0
    This article evaluates the legality of Operation Iraqi Freedom, the March 2003 attack on Iraq. The author rejects assertions that Security Council Resolution 1441 (2002), standing alone, contained a mandate to employ force; on the contrary, the Resolution was only adopted on the understanding that it did not. The law of self-defense, including its ?preemptive? variant, similarly provided no legal basis for the action because the degree of Iraqi support to terrorism was insufficient and the threat of use of (...)
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  11. Chen-Fong Wu (2004). Research on a Typology of Business Ethics Operation Across the Taiwan Strait. Journal of Business Ethics 52 (3):229-242.score: 12.0
    The practice of business ethics is a constant concern for both business and academics. Thus this study attempts both to explore the effective performance of business ethics and to provide a learned reference. The researcher has gathered relevant literature, developed a notion of business ethics operation which have been put to the test within four selected enterprises across the Taiwan Strait. The findings reveal that different types of ethical leadership and catalytic mechanism precipitated four operations and a swathe of (...)
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  12. Ingar Brinck & Peter Gärdenfors (2003). Co–Operation and Communication in Apes and Humans. Mind and Language 18 (5):484–501.score: 12.0
    We trace the difference between the ways in which apes and humans co–operate to differences in communicative abilities, claiming that the pressure for future–directed co–operation was a major force behind the evolution of language. Competitive co–operation concerns goals that are present in the environment and have stable values. It relies on either signalling or joint attention. Future–directed co–operation concerns new goals that lack fixed values. It requires symbolic communication and context–independent representations of means and goals. We analyse (...)
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  13. Giovanni Valente (2010). Can Entanglement Be Destroyed by Any Local Operation in Relativistic Quantum Field Theory? Philosophy of Science 77 (5):1029-1041.score: 12.0
    This article investigates the nature of entangled correlations in algebraic quantum field theory (AQFT). We define a notion of local disentanglement, expressing the possibility of destroying entanglement by means of local operations. Contrary to the case of ordinary quantum mechanics, local disentanglement cannot be achieved in general in relativistic quantum field theory. However, we show that if the split property holds, there exists a local operation that can destroy entanglement between spacelike-separated quantum field systems.
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  14. Rodolfo Cristian Ertola Biraben & Hernán Javier San Martín (2011). On Some Compatible Operations on Heyting Algebras. Studia Logica 98 (3):331-345.score: 12.0
    We study some operations that may be defined using the minimum operator in the context of a Heyting algebra. Our motivation comes from the fact that 1) already known compatible operations, such as the successor by Kuznetsov, the minimum dense by Smetanich and the operation G by Gabbay may be defined in this way, though almost never explicitly noted in the literature; 2) defining operations in this way is equivalent, from a logical point of view, to two clauses, one (...)
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  15. Bronisław Tembrowski (1983). The Theory of Boolean Algebras with an Additional Binary Operation. Studia Logica 42 (4):389 - 405.score: 12.0
    This paper deals with Boolean algebras supplied with an additional binary operation, calledB-algebras for short.The aim of the paper is to generalize some theorems concerning topological Boolean algebras to more comprehensive classes ofB-algebras, to formulate fundamental properties ofB-algebras, and to find more important relationships of these algebras to other known algebras.
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  16. Christian Fuchs, Robert M. Bichler & Celina Raffl (2009). Cyberethics and Co-Operation in the Information Society. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (4):447-466.score: 12.0
    The task of this paper is to ground the notion of cyberethics of co-operation. The evolution of modern society has resulted in a shift from industrial society towards informational capitalism. This transformation is a multidimensional shift that affects all aspects of society. Hence also the ethical system of society is penetrated by the emergence of the knowledge society and ethical guidelines for the information age are needed. Ethical issues and conflicts in the knowledge society are connected to topics of (...)
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  17. J. K. Kabziński, M. Porębska & A. Wroński (1981). On the {↔, ∼} -Reduct of the Intuitionistic Consequence Operation. Studia Logica 40 (1):55 - 66.score: 12.0
    The intuitionistic consequence operation restricted to the language with (equivalence) and (negation) as the only connectives is axiomatized by means of a finite set of sequential rules of inference.
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  18. Normal D. Megill & Mladen Pavičić (2002). Deduction, Ordering, and Operations in Quantum Logic. Foundations of Physics 32 (3):357-378.score: 12.0
    We show that in quantum logic of closed subspaces of Hilbert space one cannot substitute quantum operations for classical (standard Hilbert space) ones and treat them as primitive operations. We consider two possible ways of such a substitution and arrive at operation algebras that are not lattices what proves the claim. We devise algorithms and programs which write down any two-variable expression in an orthomodular lattice by means of classical and quantum operations in an identical form. Our results show (...)
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  19. Alasdair Urquhart (1981). Distributive Lattices with a Dual Homomorphic Operation. II. Studia Logica 40 (4):391 - 404.score: 12.0
    An Ockham lattice is defined to be a distributive lattice with 0 and 1 which is equipped with a dual homomorphic operation. In this paper we prove: (1) The lattice of all equational classes of Ockham lattices is isomorphic to a lattice of easily described first-order theories and is uncountable, (2) every such equational class is generated by its finite members. In the proof of (2) a characterization of orderings of with respect to which the successor function is decreasing (...)
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  20. Julie Y. Huang & John A. Bargh (2011). The Selfish Goal: Self-Deception Occurs Naturally From Autonomous Goal Operation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):27-28.score: 12.0
    Self-deception may be a natural consequence of active goal operation instead of an adaptation for negotiating the social world. We argue that because autonomous goal programs likely drove human judgment and behavior prior to evolution of a central executive or these goal programs can operate independently to attain their desired end states and thereby produce outcomes that the individual.
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  21. Christian Wallmann (2013). A Shared Framework for Consequence Operations and Abstract Model Theory. Logica Universalis 7 (2):125-145.score: 12.0
    In this paper we develop an abstract theory of adequacy. In the same way as the theory of consequence operations is a general theory of logic, this theory of adequacy is a general theory of the interactions and connections between consequence operations and its sound and complete semantics. Addition of axioms for the connectives of propositional logic to the basic axioms of consequence operations yields a unifying framework for different systems of classical propositional logic. We present an abstract model-theoretical semantics (...)
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  22. A. Barchielli, L. Lanz & G. M. Prosperi (1983). Statistics of Continuous Trajectories in Quantum Mechanics: Operation-Valued Stochastic Processes. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 13 (8):779-812.score: 12.0
    A formalism developed in previous papers for the description of continual observations of some quantities in the framework of quantum mechanics is reobtained and generalized, starting from a more axiomatic point of view. The statistics of the observations of continuous state trajectories is treated from the beginning as a generalized stochastic process in the sense of Gel'fand. An effect-valued measure and an operation-valued measure on the σ-algebra generated by the cylinder sets in the space of trajectories are introduced. The (...)
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  23. Marco Molinari & Laura Petrosini (1997). Is Sequence-in/Sequence-Out a Cerebellar Mode of Operation in Cognition Too? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):259-260.score: 12.0
    This commentary reinterprets our recent data on the cerebellar contribution to different cognitive functions in light of Braitenberg and coworkers's hypothesis about the sequence-in/sequence-out cerebellar mode of operation in the motor domain. Cerebellar involvement in spatial data processing, procedural learning, verbal fluency, application of grammatical rules, and writing is dependent on sequence processing.
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  24. P. Zhou, D. Xue, T. Wang, Z. L. Tang, S. K. Zhang, J. P. Wang, P. P. Mao, Y. Q. Xi, R. Wu & R. Shi (2009). Survey on the Function, Structure and Operation of Hospital Ethics Committees in Shanghai. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):512-516.score: 12.0
    Objective: The objectives of this study are to understand the current functions, structure and operation of hospital ethics committees (HECs) in Shanghai and to facilitate their improvement. Methods: (1) A questionnaire survey, (2) interviews with secretaries and (3) on-site document reviews of HECs in Shanghai were used in the study, which surveyed 33 hospitals. Results: In Shanghai, 57.56% of the surveyed hospitals established HECs from 1998 to 2005. Most HECs used bioethical review of research involving human subjects as well (...)
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  25. Wiesław Dziobiak (1981). The Lattice of Strengthenings of a Strongly Finite Consequence Operation. Studia Logica 40 (2):177 - 193.score: 12.0
    First, we prove that the lattice of all structural strengthenings of a given strongly finite consequence operation is both atomic and coatomic, it has finitely many atoms and coatoms, each coatom is strongly finite but atoms are not of this kind — we settle this by constructing a suitable counterexample. Second, we deal with the notions of hereditary: algebraicness, strong finitisticity and finite approximability of a strongly finite consequence operation. Third, we formulate some conditions which tell us when (...)
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  26. V. Baleva (2006). The Jump Operation for Structure Degrees. Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (3):249-265.score: 12.0
    One of the main problems in effective model theory is to find an appropriate information complexity measure of the algebraic structures in the sense of computability. Unlike the commonly used degrees of structures, the structure degree measure is total. We introduce and study the jump operation for structure degrees. We prove that it has all natural jump properties (including jump inversion theorem, theorem of Ash), which show that our definition is relevant. We study the relation between the structure degree (...)
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  27. Elisabeth Hamrin, Naina S. Potdar & Raj K. Anand (2002). Ethical Values in Health Care: An Indian-Swedish Co-Operation. Nursing Ethics 9 (4):439-444.score: 12.0
    The aim of this report is to present an example of a multidisciplinary Indian-Swedish co-operation on ethics in health care. It is based on a conference held in Asia Plateau, Panchgani, Maharasthra, India in 1998. The emphasis is on ethical values that are important for consumers of health care and professionals, and also for different cultures in developed and developing countries. The importance of human dignity is stressed. Sixteen recommendations are given in an appendix.
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  28. Jean-Christophe Cassel & Bruno Will (1995). The Structure, Operation, and Functionality of Intracerebral Grafts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):51-52.score: 12.0
    The concept of structure, operation, and functionality, as they may be understood by clinicians or researchers using neural transplantation techniques, are briefly defined. Following Stein & Glasier, we emphasize that the question of whether an intracerebral graft is really functional should be addressed not only in terms of what such a graft does in a given brain structure, but also in terms of what it does at the level of the organism.
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  29. Wiesław Dziobiak (1980). An Example of Strongly Finite Consequence Operation with 2ℵ0 Standard Strengthenings. Studia Logica 39 (4):375 - 379.score: 12.0
    Using ideas from Murskii [3], Tokarz [4] and Wroski [7] we construct some strongly finite consequence operation having 2%0 standard strengthenings. In this way we give the affirmative answer to the following question, stated in Tokarz [4]: are there strongly finite logics with the degree of maximality greater than 0?
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  30. Jaap Hage (2011). A Model of Juridical Acts: Part 2: The Operation of Juridical Acts. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (1):49-73.score: 12.0
    This paper aims at providing an account of juridical acts that forms a suitable starting point for the creation of computational systems that deal with juridical acts. The paper is divided into two parts. This second part of the paper deals in some detail with the operation of juridical acts. Topics dealt with include: power and competence, capacity, form requirements, partial validity, avoidance and representation.
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  31. Kenneth A. Rasinski (1991). By Their Fruits Shall You Know Them? The Measurement of Public Opinion and the Content, Structure, and Operation of Thought Systems. In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), The Content, Structure, and Operation of Thought Systems. Lawrence Erlbaum. 4--163.score: 12.0
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  32. Athanassios Tzouvaras (2004). What is so Special with the Powerset Operation? Archive for Mathematical Logic 43 (6):723-737.score: 12.0
    The powerset operator, , is an operator which (1) sends sets to sets,(2) is defined by a positive formula and (3) raises the cardinality of its argument, i.e., | (x)|>|x|. As a consequence of (3), has a proper class as least fixed point (the universe itself). In this paper we address the questions: (a) How does contribute to the generation of the class of all positive operators? (b) Are there other operators with the above properties, “independent” of ? Concerning (a) (...)
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  33. J. M. Stephens (1936). The Conditioned Reflex as the Explanation of Habit Formation: III. The Operation of Two Higher-Order Reactions in Close Succession. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (1):77.score: 11.0
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  34. John Earman, Christopher Smeenk & Christian Wüthrich (2009). Do the Laws of Physics Forbid the Operation of Time Machines? Synthese 169 (1):91 - 124.score: 10.0
    We address the question of whether it is possible to operate a time machine by manipulating matter and energy so as to manufacture closed timelike curves. This question has received a great deal of attention in the physics literature, with attempts to prove no-go theorems based on classical general relativity and various hybrid theories serving as steps along the way towards quantum gravity. Despite the effort put into these no-go theorems, there is no widely accepted definition of a time machine. (...)
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  35. Christian Wüthrich (2009). Do the Laws of Physics Forbid the Operation of Time Machines? Synthese 169 (1):91 - 124.score: 10.0
    We address the question of whether it is possible to operate a time machine by manipulating matter and energy so as to manufacture closed timelike curves. This question has received a great deal of attention in the physics literature, with attempts to prove no- go theorems based on classical general relativity and various hybrid theories serving as steps along the way towards quantum gravity. Despite the effort put into these no-go theorems, there is no widely accepted definition of a time (...)
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  36. Duncan Macintosh (1991). Co-Operative Solutions to the Prisoner's Dilemma. Philosophical Studies 64 (3):309 - 321.score: 10.0
    For the tradition, an action is rational if maximizing; for Gauthier, if expressive of a disposition it maximized to adopt; for me, if maximizing on rational preferences, ones whose possession maximizes given one's prior preferences. Decision and Game Theory and their recommendations for choice need revamping to reflect this new standard for the rationality of preferences and choices. It would not be rational when facing a Prisoner's Dilemma to adopt or co-operate from Amartya Sen's "Assurance Game" or "Other Regarding" preferences. (...)
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  37. Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves (2012). “Machine” Consciousness and “Artificial” Thought: An Operational Architectonics Model Guided Approach. Brain Research 1428:80-92.score: 10.0
    Instead of using low-level neurophysiology mimicking and exploratory programming methods commonly used in the machine consciousness field, the hierarchical Operational Architectonics (OA) framework of brain and mind functioning proposes an alternative conceptual-theoretical framework as a new direction in the area of model-driven machine (robot) consciousness engineering. The unified brain-mind theoretical OA model explicitly captures (though in an informal way) the basic essence of brain functional architecture, which indeed constitutes a theory of consciousness. The OA describes the neurophysiological basis of the (...)
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  38. Donald Regan (1980). Utilitarianism and Co-Operation. Oxford University Press.score: 10.0
    The author identifies and defines the features of traditional utilitarian theories which account for their appeal, demonstrates that no theory which is "exclusively act-oriented" can have all the properties that ultilitarians have attempted to build into their theories, and develops a new theory "co-operative utilitarianism", which is radically different than traditional theories.
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  39. Sean Valentine & David Hollingworth (2012). Moral Intensity, Issue Importance, and Ethical Reasoning in Operations Situations. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):509 - 523.score: 10.0
    Previous work suggests that moral intensity and the perceived importance of an ethical issue can influence individual ethical decision making. However, prior research has not explored how the various dimensions of moral intensity might differentially affect PIE, or how moral intensity might function together with (or in the presence of) PIE to influence ethical decision making. In addition, prior work has also not adequately investigated how the operational context of an organization, which may embody conditions or practices that create barriers (...)
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  40. Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves (2009). Brain and Mind Operational Architectonics and Man-Made “Machine” Consciousness. Cognitive Processing 10 (2):105-111.score: 10.0
    To build a true conscious robot requires that a robot’s “brain” be capable of supporting the phenomenal consciousness as human’s brain enjoys. Operational Architectonics framework through exploration of the temporal structure of information flow and inter-area interactions within the network of functional neuronal populations [by examining topographic sharp transition processes in the scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) on the millisecond scale] reveals and describes the EEG architecture which is analogous to the architecture of the phenomenal world. This suggests that the task of (...)
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  41. Alastair D. Smith & Iain D. Gilchrist (2004). Evidence for the Online Operation of Imagery: Visual Imagery Modulates Motor Production in Drawing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):416-417.score: 10.0
    One property of the emulator framework presented by Grush is that imagery operates off-line. Contrary to this viewpoint, we present evidence showing that mental rotation of a simple figure modulates low-level features of drawing articulation. This effect is dependent upon the type of rotation, suggesting a more integrative online role for imagery than proposed by the target article.
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  42. B. G. Sundholm (1992). The General Form of the Operation in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Grazer Philosophische Studien 42:57-76.score: 10.0
    The paper offers an interpretation of thesis 6.01. The treatment touches upon variables, identity, elementary propositions, internal relations. Klammerausdrücke, and operations. Wittenstein's notations are found not to cover the particular form of definition by induction that is used at 6 and 6.01. It is concluded that Wittgenstein's ability to design of a formal system of logic does not match his outstanding logico-philosophical insight.
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  43. Göran Sundholm (1992). The General Form of the Operation in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Grazer Philosophische Studien 42:57-76.score: 10.0
    The paper offers an interpretation of thesis 6.01. The treatment touches upon variables, identity, elementary propositions, internal relations. Klammerausdrücke, and operations. Wittenstein's notations are found not to cover the particular form of definition by induction that is used at 6 and 6.01. It is concluded that Wittgenstein's ability to design of a formal system of logic does not match his outstanding logico-philosophical insight.
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  44. Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska & Jacek Waldmajer (2011). On Pairs of Dual Consequence Operations. Logica Universalis 5 (2):177-203.score: 10.0
    In the paper, the authors discuss two kinds of consequence operations characterized axiomatically. The first one are consequence operations of the type Cn + that, in the intuitive sense, are infallible operations, always leading from accepted (true) sentences of a deductive system to accepted (true) sentences of the deductive system (see Tarski in Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik 37:361–404, 1930, Comptes Rendus des Séances De la Société des Sciences et des Lettres de Varsovie 23:22–29, 1930; Pogorzelski and Słupecki in Stud (...)
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  45. Bryn Lander (2011). Between Theory and Craft: Exploring the Role of Co-Operation Within Scientific Research Labs. Spontaneous Generations 5 (1):58-74.score: 10.0
    This article explores how researchers in a scientific research lab co-operate with each other and value these co-operations, using a case study of a life sciences lab as an illustrative example. It explores how researchers within the lab co-operate in three main ways: through their ideas, methods and resources. A core contention of this article is that the values researchers attach to these different ways of co-operating can be assessed on two dimensions: goals and ways of understanding. The goals dimension (...)
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  46. Rick Grush (2003). In Defense of Some "Cartesian" Assumption Concerning the Brain and its Operation. Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):53-92.score: 9.0
    I argue against a growing radical trend in current theoretical cognitive science that moves from the premises of embedded cognition, embodied cognition, dynamical systems theory and/or situated robotics to conclusions either to the effect that the mind is not in the brain or that cognition does not require representation, or both. I unearth the considerations at the foundation of this view: Haugeland's bandwidth-component argument to the effect that the brain is not a component in cognitive activity, and arguments inspired by (...)
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  47. Gordon Fleming (2000). Operation Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 31 (1):117-125.score: 9.0
  48. Duncan MacIntosh (1991). McClennen's Early Co-Operative Solution to the Prisoner's Dilemma. Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):341-358.score: 9.0
  49. Richard Norman (2001). Criteria of Justice: Desert, Needs and Equality. [REVIEW] Res Publica 7 (2):115-136.score: 9.0
    The conception of social justice as equality is defended in this paper by examining what may appear to be two inegalitarian conceptions of justice, as distribution according to desert and as distribution according to need. It is argued that claims of just entitlement arise within a context of reciprocal co-operation for mutual benefit. Within such a context there are special cases where it can be said that those who contribute more deserve more, and that those who need more should (...)
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  50. Jonathan Wolff (2009). Global Justice and Norms of Co-Operation: The 'Layers of Justice' View. In Stephen De Wijze, Matthew H. Kramer & Ian Carter (eds.), Hillel Steiner and the Anatomy of Justice: Themes and Challenges. Routledge. 16--34.score: 9.0
    Theorists of global justice confront an apparent dilemma. If citizens in the developed world have duties of (socio-economic) justice to those elsewhere on the globe, then it is supposed that the duties must be very extensive indeed, requiring the same concern to be shown for everyone on earth. Those who deny that global obligations are as extensive as domestic obligations seem therefore to have to concede that any obligations beyond borders must be based on charity, rather than justice. The assumption (...)
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