Search results for 'Operationism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Uljana Feest (2005). Operationism in Psychology - What the Debate is About, What the Debate Should Be About. Journal for the Histoty of the Behavioral Sciences 41 (2):131-150.
    I offer an analysis of operationism in psychology, which is rooted in an historical study of the investigative practices of two of its early proponents (S. S. Stevens and E. C. Tolman). According to this analysis, early psychological operationists emphasized the importance of experimental operations and called for scientists to specify what kinds of operations were to count as empirical indicators for the referents of their concepts. While such specifications were referred to as “definitions,” I show that such definitions (...)
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  2. Maria Carla Galavotti (1995). Operationism, Probability and Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Science 1 (1):99-118.
    This paper investigates the kind of empiricism combined with an operationalist perspective that, in the first decades of our Century, gave rise to a turning point in theoretical physics and in probability theory. While quantum mechanics was taking shape, the classical (Laplacian) interpretation of probability gave way to two divergent perspectives: frequentism and subjectivism. Frequentism gained wide acceptance among theoretical physicists. Subjectivism, on the other hand, was never held to be a serious candidate for application to physical theories, despite the (...)
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  3.  19
    S. Brian Hood & Benjamin J. Lovett (2011). Realism and Operationism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):207-222.
    In the context of psychiatric diagnosis, operationists claim that mental disorders are nothing more than the satisfying of objective diagnostic criteria, whereas realists claim that mental disorders are latent entities that are detected by applying those criteria. The implications of this distinction are substantial in actual clinical situations, such as in the co-occurrence of disorders that may interfere with one another's detection, or when patients falsify their symptoms. Realist and operationist conceptions of diagnosis may lead to different clinical decisions in (...)
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  4.  15
    Gary L. Hardcastle (1995). S. S. Stevens and the Origins of Operationism. Philosophy of Science 62 (3):404-424.
    Despite influencing the social sciences since the 1930s, S. S. Stevens' "operationist" philosophy of science has yet to be adequately understood. I reconstruct Stevens' operationism from his early work and assess the influence of various views (logical positivism, behaviorism and the "operational viewpoint" of P. W. Bridgman, among others) on Stevens. Stevens' operationism emerges, on my reconstruction, as a naturalistic methodological directive aimed at agreement, founded in turn on the belief that agreement is constitutive of science, the scientific (...)
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  5.  5
    Christopher D. Green, Of Immortal Mythological Beasts: Operationism in Psychology.
    It is practically an article of faith in psychology that in order to do empirical research one must first operationally define one's variables. However, the 'operational attitude', first advocated by the physicist Percy Bridgman in the 1920s, has since been rejected by virtually every serious philosopher of science as unworkable. Furthermore. 'operationism' -- as developed by psychologists in the 1930s and 1940s -- was based on a misunderstanding of Bridgman's intent from the outset. Nevertheless, contemporary textbooks continue to extol (...)
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  6.  11
    Joseph Epstein (1956). Operationism. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 53 (25):820-825.
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  7. Jay Moore (1975). On the Principle of Operationism in a Science of Behavior. Behaviorism 3 (2):120-138.
     
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  8.  8
    Fred Wilson (1968). A Note on Operationism (Nota Sobre el Operacionalismo). Critica 2 (4):79 - 87.
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  9.  7
    R. H. (1955). Operationism. Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):359-359.
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  10.  10
    Owen J. Flanagan (1980). Skinnerian Metaphysics and the Problem of Operationism. Behaviorism 8 (1):1-13.
  11.  2
    L. S. Hearnshaw (1941). Psychology and Operationism. Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 19 (1):44-57.
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  12.  4
    Raymond J. Nogar (1956). Operationism. New Scholasticism 30 (3):380-382.
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  13.  2
    Gustav Bergmann, Philipp G. Frank & Carl G. Hempel (1960). Sense and Nonsense in Operationism. Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):255-256.
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  14.  10
    A. Cornelius Benjamin (1950). Operationism--A Critical Evaluation. Journal of Philosophy 47 (15):439-444.
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  15.  4
    Frank E. Hartung (1944). Operationism as a Cultural Survival. Philosophy of Science 11 (4):227-232.
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  16.  3
    Hornell Hart (1940). Operationism Analysed Operationally. Philosophy of Science 7 (3):288-313.
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  17.  3
    Atwell R. Turquette (1960). Review: Gustav Bergmann, Philipp G. Frank, Sense and Nonsense in Operationism; Carl G. Hempel, A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):255-256.
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  18.  7
    Fred Wilson (1968). Is Operationism Unjust to Temperature? Synthese 18 (4):394 - 422.
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  19. Carl G. Hempel (1958). A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):354-356.
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  20. Wendell R. Garner, Harold W. Hake & Charles W. Eriksen (1956). Operationism and the Concept of Perception. Psychological Review 63 (3):149-159.
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  21.  1
    Philip N. Hineline (1984). What, Then, is Skinner's Operationism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):560.
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  22.  2
    Henry Mehlberg (1958). Review: Carl G. Hempel, A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):354-356.
  23.  1
    George C. Rosenwald (1986). Why Operationism Doesn't Go Away: Extrascientific Incentives of Social-Psychological Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (3):303-330.
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  24.  2
    J. Moore (1984). On skinner's radical operationism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):564.
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  25.  4
    Sylvain Bromberger (1957). Book Review:Operationism A. Cornelius Benjamin. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 24 (1):89-.
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  26.  1
    Peter Harzem (1984). Operationism, Smuggled Connotations, and the Nothing-Else Clause. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):559.
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  27.  1
    Carl G. Hempel (1941). Review: Gustav Bergmann, Kenneth W. Spence, Operationism and Theory in Psychology. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):64-65.
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  28.  2
    Abram Cornelius Benjamin (1955). Operationism. Springfield, Ill.,Thomas.
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  29. Gustav Bergmann & Kenneth W. Spence (1941). Operationism and Theory in Psychology. Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):64-65.
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  30. G. Bergmann & K. W. Spence (1941). Operationism and Theory in Psychology. Psychological Review 48 (1):1-14.
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  31. M. Bunge (1988). The Ambivalent Legacy of Operationism. Philosophia Naturalis 25 (3/4):337-345.
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  32. Charles E. Bures (1940). Operationism, Construction, and Inference. Journal of Philosophy 37 (15):393-401.
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  33. H. Feigl (1945). Operationism and Scientific Method. Psychological Review 52 (5):250-259.
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  34. Carl G. Hempel (1941). Bergmann Gustav and Spence Kenneth W.. Operationism and Theory in Psychology. Psychological Review, Vol. 48 , Pp. 1–14. Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):64-65.
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  35. Arnold Isenberg (1956). L.S. Feuer's Psychoanalysis and Ethics and A.C. Benjamin's Operationism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17:276.
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  36. H. Israel & B. Goldstein (1944). Operationism in Psychology. Psychological Review 51 (3):177-188.
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  37. Howard Kendler (1983). Operationism: A Recipe for Reducing Confusion and Ambiguity. Journal of Mind and Behavior 4 (1).
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  38. Howard Kendler (1981). The Reality of Operationism: A Rejoinder. Journal of Mind and Behavior 2 (3).
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  39. H. S. Langfeld (1945). Symposium on Operationism: Introduction. Psychological Review 52 (5):241-242.
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  40. Henry Mehlberg (1958). Hempel Carl G.. A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 79 , Pp. 215–220. Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):354-356.
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  41. C. C. Pratt (1945). Operationism in Psychology. Psychological Review 52 (5):262-269.
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  42. W. C. H. Prentice (1946). Operationism and Psychological Theory: A Note. Psychological Review 53 (4):247-249.
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  43. Jon D. Ringen (1984). B. F. Skinner's Operationism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):567.
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  44. H. R. (1955). Operationism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):359-359.
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  45. Joseph Rychlak (1983). Operationism and the Source of Meaning in Bridging the Theory/Method Bifurcation. Journal of Mind and Behavior 4 (1).
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  46. Martin E. Seligman (1969). Control Group and Conditioning: A Comment on Operationism. Psychological Review 76 (5):484-491.
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  47. Atwell R. Turquette (1960). Bergmann Gustav. Sense and Nonsense in Operationism. The Validation of Scientific Theories, Edited, with an Introduction, by Frank Philipp G., The Beacon Press, Boston 1956, Pp. 41–52. , Pp. 210–214).Hempel Carl G.. A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. A Reprint of XXIII 354. The Validation of Scientific Theories, Edited, with an Introduction, by Frank Philipp G., The Beacon Press, Boston 1956, Pp. 52–67. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):255-256.
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  48. R. H. Waters & L. A. Pennington (1938). Operationism in Psychology. Psychological Review 45 (5):414-423.
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  49. C. O. Weber (1942). Valid and Invalid Conceptions of Operationism in Psychology. Psychological Review 49 (1):54-68.
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  50.  48
    B. F. Skinner (1945). The Operational Analysis of Psychological Terms. Psychological Review 52 (4):270-78.
    The major contributions of operationism have been negative, largely because operationists failed to distinguish logical theories of reference from empirical accounts of language. Behaviorism never finished an adequate formulation of verbal reports and therefore could not convincingly embrace subjective terms. But verbal responses to private stimuli can arise as social products through the contingencies of reinforcement arranged by verbal communities.
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