Search results for 'Operationism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Uljana Feest (2005). Operationism in Psychology - What the Debate is About, What the Debate Should Be About. Journal for the Histoty of the Behavioral Sciences 41 (2):131-150.score: 18.0
    I offer an analysis of operationism in psychology, which is rooted in an historical study of the investigative practices of two of its early proponents (S. S. Stevens and E. C. Tolman). According to this analysis, early psychological operationists emphasized the importance of experimental operations and called for scientists to specify what kinds of operations were to count as empirical indicators for the referents of their concepts. While such specifications were referred to as “definitions,” I show that such definitions (...)
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  2. Maria Carla Galavotti (1995). Operationism, Probability and Quantum Mechanics. Foundations of Science 1 (1):99-118.score: 15.0
    This paper investigates the kind of empiricism combined with an operationalist perspective that, in the first decades of our Century, gave rise to a turning point in theoretical physics and in probability theory. While quantum mechanics was taking shape, the classical (Laplacian) interpretation of probability gave way to two divergent perspectives: frequentism and subjectivism. Frequentism gained wide acceptance among theoretical physicists. Subjectivism, on the other hand, was never held to be a serious candidate for application to physical theories, despite the (...)
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  3. S. Brian Hood & Benjamin J. Lovett (2011). Realism and Operationism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):207-222.score: 12.0
    In the context of psychiatric diagnosis, operationists claim that mental disorders are nothing more than the satisfying of objective diagnostic criteria, whereas realists claim that mental disorders are latent entities that are detected by applying those criteria. The implications of this distinction are substantial in actual clinical situations, such as in the co-occurrence of disorders that may interfere with one another's detection, or when patients falsify their symptoms. Realist and operationist conceptions of diagnosis may lead to different clinical decisions in (...)
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  4. Gary L. Hardcastle (1995). S. S. Stevens and the Origins of Operationism. Philosophy of Science 62 (3):404-424.score: 12.0
    Despite influencing the social sciences since the 1930s, S. S. Stevens' "operationist" philosophy of science has yet to be adequately understood. I reconstruct Stevens' operationism from his early work and assess the influence of various views (logical positivism, behaviorism and the "operational viewpoint" of P. W. Bridgman, among others) on Stevens. Stevens' operationism emerges, on my reconstruction, as a naturalistic methodological directive aimed at agreement, founded in turn on the belief that agreement is constitutive of science, the scientific (...)
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  5. Christopher D. Green, Of Immortal Mythological Beasts: Operationism in Psychology.score: 12.0
    It is practically an article of faith in psychology that in order to do empirical research one must first operationally define one's variables. However, the 'operational attitude', first advocated by the physicist Percy Bridgman in the 1920s, has since been rejected by virtually every serious philosopher of science as unworkable. Furthermore. 'operationism' -- as developed by psychologists in the 1930s and 1940s -- was based on a misunderstanding of Bridgman's intent from the outset. Nevertheless, contemporary textbooks continue to extol (...)
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  6. A. Cornelius Benjamin (1950). Operationism--A Critical Evaluation. Journal of Philosophy 47 (15):439-444.score: 9.0
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  7. Charles E. Bures (1940). Operationism, Construction, and Inference. Journal of Philosophy 37 (15):393-401.score: 9.0
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  8. Carl G. Hempel (1941). Review: Gustav Bergmann, Kenneth W. Spence, Operationism and Theory in Psychology. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):64-65.score: 9.0
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  9. B. F. Skinner (1945). The Operational Analysis of Psychological Terms. Psychological Review 52 (4):270-78.score: 9.0
    The major contributions of operationism have been negative, largely because operationists failed to distinguish logical theories of reference from empirical accounts of language. Behaviorism never finished an adequate formulation of verbal reports and therefore could not convincingly embrace subjective terms. But verbal responses to private stimuli can arise as social products through the contingencies of reinforcement arranged by verbal communities.
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  10. Sylvain Bromberger (1957). Book Review:Operationism A. Cornelius Benjamin. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 24 (1):89-.score: 9.0
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  11. Fred Wilson (1968). Is Operationism Unjust to Temperature? Synthese 18 (4):394 - 422.score: 9.0
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  12. Abram Cornelius Benjamin (1955). Operationism. Springfield, Ill.,Thomas.score: 9.0
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  13. M. Bunge (1988). The Ambivalent Legacy of Operationism. Philosophia Naturalis 25:337-345.score: 9.0
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  14. Owen J. Flanagan (forthcoming). Skinnerian Metaphysics and the Problem of Operationism. Behaviorism.score: 9.0
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  15. Frank E. Hartung (1944). Operationism as a Cultural Survival. Philosophy of Science 11 (4):227-232.score: 9.0
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  16. Hornell Hart (1940). Operationism Analysed Operationally. Philosophy of Science 7 (3):288-313.score: 9.0
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  17. Peter Harzem (1984). Operationism, Smuggled Connotations, and the Nothing-Else Clause. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):559.score: 9.0
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  18. Philip N. Hineline (1984). What, Then, is Skinner's Operationism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):560.score: 9.0
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  19. R. H. (1955). Operationism. Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):359-359.score: 9.0
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  20. Henry Mehlberg (1958). Review: Carl G. Hempel, A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (3):354-356.score: 9.0
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  21. J. Moore (1984). On skinner's radical operationism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):564.score: 9.0
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  22. Jay Moore (1975). On the Principle of Operationism in a Science of Behavior. Behaviorism 3 (2):120-138.score: 9.0
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  23. Raymond J. Nogar (1956). Operationism. New Scholasticism 30 (3):380-382.score: 9.0
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  24. Jon D. Ringen (1984). B. F. Skinner's Operationism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):567.score: 9.0
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  25. George C. Rosenwald (1986). Why Operationism Doesn't Go Away: Extrascientific Incentives of Social-Psychological Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (3):303-330.score: 9.0
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  26. Atwell R. Turquette (1960). Review: Gustav Bergmann, Philipp G. Frank, Sense and Nonsense in Operationism; Carl G. Hempel, A Logical Appraisal of Operationism. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):255-256.score: 9.0
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  27. Fred Wilson (1968). A Note on Operationism (Nota Sobre el Operacionalismo). Crítica 2 (4):79 - 87.score: 9.0
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  28. C. Chihara & Jerry A. Fodor (1965). Operationalism and Ordinary Language: A Critique of Wittgenstein. American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (October):281-95.score: 6.0
    This paper explores some lines of argument in wittgenstein's post-Tractatus writings in order to indicate the relations between wittgenstein's philosophical psychology, On the one hand, And his philosophy of language, His epistemology, And his doctrines about the nature of philosophical analysis on the other. The authors maintain that the later writings of wittgenstein express a coherent doctrine in which an operationalistic analysis of confirmation and language supports a philosophical psychology of a type the authors call "logical behaviorism." they also maintain (...)
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  29. Herbert Fingarette (1950). Unconscious Behavior and Allied Concepts: A New Approach to Their Empirical Interpretation. Journal of Philosophy 47 (August):509-519.score: 6.0
  30. R. S. Peters (1951). Observationalism in Psychology. Mind 60 (January):43-61.score: 6.0
  31. C. A. Qadir (1961). Methodology of Psychology. Pakistan Philosophical Congress 8:133-144.score: 6.0
     
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  32. Lewis S. Feuer (1978). Teleological Principles in Science. Inquiry 21 (1-4):377 – 407.score: 3.0
    In the search for elementary particles, such principles are used as Gell?mann's that ?anything which is possible is compulsory?. This is an example of a teleological principle according to which the scientist tries to realize in science the kind of world that he desires on prior emotional grounds. Mendeleev's classical discovery of the Periodic Law and Table of Elements was thus guided by his mystical values. A mechanistic anti?teleologist such as Jacques Loeb was indeed a crypto?teleologist who wished science to (...)
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  33. Uljana Feest (2010). Concepts as Tools in the Experimental Generation of Knowledge in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):173-190.score: 3.0
    This paper asks (a) how new scientific objects of research are onceptualized at a point in time when little is known about them, and (b) how those conceptualizations, in turn, figure in the process of investigating the phenomena in question. Contrasting my approach with existing notions of concepts and situating it in relation to existing discussions about the epistemology of experimentation, I propose to think of concepts as research tools. I elaborate on the conception of a tool that informs my (...)
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  34. Henry C. Byerly & Vincent A. Lazara (1973). Realist Foundations of Measurement. Philosophy of Science 40 (1):10-28.score: 3.0
    This paper defends a realist interpretation of theories and a modest realism concerning the existence of quantities as providing the best account both of the logic of quantity concepts and of scientific measurement practices. Various operationist analyses of measurement are shown to be inadequate accounts of measurement practices used by scientists. We argue, furthermore, that appeals to implicit definitions to provide meaning for theoretical terms over and above operational definitions fail because implicit definitions cannot generate the requisite descriptive content. The (...)
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  35. Donald G. Douglas (1973). Philosophers on Rhetoric: Traditional and Emerging Views. Skokie, Ill.,National Textbook Co..score: 3.0
    Johnstone, H. W., Jr. Rhetoric and communication in philosophy.--Smith, C. R. and Douglas, D. G. Philosophical principles in the traditional and emerging views of rhetoric.--Wallace, K. R. Bacon's conception of rhetoric.--Thonssen, L. W. Thomas Hobbes's philosophy of speech.--Walter, O. M., Jr. Descartes on reasoning.--Douglas, D. G. Spinoza and the methodology of reflective knowledge in persuasion.--Howell, W. S. John Locke and the new rhetoric.--Doering, J. F. David Hume on oratory.--Douglas, D. G. A neo-Kantian approach to the epistomology of judgment in criticism.--Bevilacqua, (...)
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  36. Klaus Jürgen Düsberg (1995). Zur Kritik Eines Operationalistischen Arguments. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 26 (2):313 - 322.score: 3.0
    An operationalist argument criticized. Operationism maintains that the relation between a quantity and its operational criteria is established by definition. The assertion that the relation holds cannot be an empirical hypothesis; it is neither falsifiable nor confirmable, since it is not even testable. With an example concerning the measurement of time it is shown that this argument rests upon an untenable presupposition.
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  37. Edward Manier (1965). The Theory of Evolution as Personal Knowledge. Philosophy of Science 32 (3/4):244-252.score: 3.0
    Dr. Marjorie Grene has argued that criteria taken from a personalist philosophy of science have regulative force in the dispute between orthogenetic and synthetic or neo-Darwinian theories of evolution, and that these criteria commend the acceptance of the orthogenetic position. Grene's position includes two basically correct theses concerning the limitations of operationism and reductionism. However, she fails to show that personalist tenets are necessary for the validation of these two theses. Moreover, the proposed modifications of evolutionary theory depend upon (...)
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  38. Benjamin B. Wolman (1966). Some Epistemological and Methodological Issues in Clinical Research. Inquiry 9 (1-4):171 – 184.score: 3.0
    Epistemological realism was postulated as a prolegomenon to clinical research. Observation of single cases must precede any effort for generalization. Observation of men by men is always a field process. In clinical research the experimenter exercises a great amount of power over the subject, thus a naive empirical approach and operationism may be misleading. Clinical theory must be coated in a language different from empirical data and enable the formation of causal chains of events.
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