Search results for 'Original' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Bas van der Vossen (2009). What Counts as Original Appropriation? Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (4):355-373.score: 18.0
    I here defend historical entitlement theories of property rights against a popular charge. This is the objection that such theories fail because no convincing account of original appropriation exists. I argue that this argument assumes a certain reading of historical entitlement theory and I spell out an alternative reading against which it misfires. On this reading, the role of acts of original appropriation is not to justify but to individuate people’s holdings. I argue that we can identify which (...)
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  2. Michael Rea (2007). The Metaphysics of Original Sin. In Peter Van Inwagen & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Persons: Human and Divine. Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press ;. 319--356.score: 18.0
    This paper argues that there is no straightforward conflict between the traditional Christian doctrine of original sin and the thesis that a person P is morally responsible for the obtaining of a state of affairs S only if S obtains (or obtained) and P could have prevented S from obtaining.
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  3. Geoffrey Rees (2003). The Anxiety of Inheritance: Reinhold Niebuhr and the Literal Truth of Original Sin. Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (1):75 - 99.score: 18.0
    Widely regarded as the most influential proponent of the truth of original sin in the twentieth century, Reinhold Niebuhr worked hard to excise any "literalistic" element from his interpretation of the doctrine. In his attempt to "correct" the Augustinian tradition on original sin by purging it of all "literalistic errors," however, Niebuhr assumed as his starting point the most characteristically modern objection to the doctrine: that birth is a thoroughly natural, animal, and morally meaningless event. As a result, (...)
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  4. Simone de La Tour & Kevin de La Tour (2011). Original Mind and Cosmic Consciousness in the Co-Creative Process. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (1):57-74.score: 18.0
    This article will investigate the issue of accessing benxin 本心 (original mind), subsequent operation from Self and, in that process, union with the greater universe or benti 本体 (original substance)—a state expressed in the West as cosmic consciousness. It is proposed that this allows one to participate as a partner in the creative process of one’s own life and the surrounding world. The equally important question of how to gain contact with original mind will also be addressed, (...)
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  5. Shiling Xiang (2008). A Study on the Theory of “Returning to the Original” and “Recovering Nature” in Chinese Philosophy. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (4):502-519.score: 18.0
    The approach of returning to the original and recovering nature is a typical characteristic of Chinese philosophy. It was founded by the Daoist School and followed by both Daoist and Confucian schools. The precondition of returning to the original and recovering nature is the stillness and goodness within nature integrated into a whole afterwards. Its implementation includes not only returning to the original root so as to achieve the philosophical aim but also restoration to (...)
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  6. Zhihong Hu (2008). The Obscuration and Rediscovery of the Original Confucian Thought of Moral Politics: Deciphering Work on the Guodian, Shangbo and the Transmitted Versions of Ziyi. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (4):535-557.score: 18.0
    By analyzing the author of Ziyi 缁衣 (Black Costumes) as well as Ziyi’s transmission and evolution by studying and analyzing the ancient text, one can see that Ziyi was a work of Zisi or the Zisi and Mencius School. Comparing the similarities and differences between the transmitted version of Ziyi and its Guodian 郭店 and Shangbo 上博 versions, one finds that the original version of Ziyi had been significantly revised by Confucian classics teachers in the unstable political and social (...)
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  7. James Stillwaggon (2014). The Problem of Propagation: Original Sin as Inherited Discourse. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):61-73.score: 18.0
    As Modernist doctrines emphasizing the unity and agency of the educated self are increasingly set up as the straw men of contemporary educational discourses, premodern and Medieval theories of selfhood tend to disappear from the horizon of educational thought altogether. In this essay, in order to subvert this overcoming of our intellectual past, I examine Thomas Aquinas’ reading of the doctrine of original sin. Relying on Graham McAleer’s claim that Aquinas’ metaphysical theory sanctifies the body, I argue that Aquinas’ (...)
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  8. Jeffrey Reiman (2011). Is Racial Profiling Just? Making Criminal Justice Policy in the Original Position. Journal of Ethics 15 (1/2):3 - 19.score: 18.0
    The justice of racial profiling is addressed in the original position first for a society without racism, then for a society marked by racism. In the first case, the practice is argued to be just if carried out respectfully and expeditiously and likely to contribute to effective crime control. Thus it is not intrinsically racist. Addressing the second case, the idea that the harms of racial profiling are modest because expressive is critiqued. The practice is shown to carry the (...)
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  9. Fabrício Pontin (2013). Economia Política e as raízes da posição original em Rawls (English version). Doispontos 10 (1).score: 18.0
    O impacto e a relevância da teoria econômica para o desenvolvimento de A Theory of Justice são, frequentemente, deixados de lado na imensa literatura a respeito das obras de John Rawls. Ainda assim, entender os elementos de economia política na obra de Rawls é fundamental para a compreensão dos motivos pelos quais ele abandonará uma abordagem utilitarista para a filosofia política e, consequentemente , par a noss o entendimento das principais questões que dão origem à noção de justiça como equidade. (...)
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  10. Denis Coitinho Silveira (2011). Posição original e equilíbrio reflexivo em John Rawls: o problema da justificação. Trans/Form/Ação 32 (1):139-157.score: 18.0
    O objetivo deste artigo é estabelecer algumas considerações sobre o papel dos procedimentos de posição original e equilíbrio reflexivo na teoria da justiça como equidade de John Rawls, nas obras A Theory of Justice, Political Liberalism e Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Eu pretendo mostrar que Rawls faz uso de um modelo coerentista-pragmático de justificação dos princípios de justiça em um âmbito público, que é não-fundacionalista em razão da interconexão entre estes procedimentos.
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  11. Bas Vossen (2014). Imposing Duties and Original Appropriation. Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (2).score: 15.0
  12. Francisco Castilla Urbano (2007). The State of Nature, the Original Position and the Problem of Historical Memory. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 24:171-192.score: 15.0
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  13. Robert G. Crowder, Michael Cole & Richard Boucher (1968). Extinction and Response Competition in Original and Interpolated Learning of a Visual Discrimination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):422.score: 15.0
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  14. D. McNicol & J. J. Gosbell (1974). Effects of Context and Imagery on Original and Interpolated Learning: Confusion of List Markers, or Reduction of Interference? Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):1006.score: 15.0
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  15. George E. Briggs (1957). Retroactive Inhibition as a Function of the Degree of Original and Interpolated Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (1):60.score: 15.0
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  16. W. N. Kellogg (1938). Evidence for Both Stimulus-Substitution and Original Anticipatory Responses in the Conditioning of Dogs. Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (2):186.score: 15.0
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  17. Don Lewis, Dorothy E. McAllister & Jack A. Adams (1951). Facilitation and Interference in Performance on the Modified Mashburn Apparatus: I. The Effects of Varying the Amount of Original Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (4):247.score: 15.0
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  18. William Farfán Moreno (2010). La posición original de The Law of Peoples de John Rawls como postura etnocéntrica rortiana. Logos 17:115-131.score: 15.0
    John Rawls’ main purpose in The Law of Peoples is to extend his social contract theory to the peoples’ society, establishing the general principles that should be accepted by liberal and non-liberal societies, regulating the relationships between peoples. This paper pretends to analyze and demonstrate that Rawls’ law of peoples is considered to be an ethnocentrically theory, and therefore, difficult as a regular proposal for today’s world.
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  19. Jack Richardson (1956). Retention of Concepts as a Function of the Degree of Original and Interpolated Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (5):358.score: 15.0
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  20. Benton J. Underwood (1954). Studies of Distributed Practice: XII. Retention Following Varying Degrees of Original Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (5):294.score: 15.0
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  21. Karl E. Peters (2010). Why Zygon? The Journal's Original Visions and the Future of Religion-and-Science. Zygon 45 (2):430-436.score: 12.0
    This essay briefly examines the original visions of Zygon , how they helped explain the publication of a new journal, and what they imply for where we might be going today.
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  22. L. Wenar (1998). Original Acquisition of Private Property. Mind 107 (428):799-820.score: 12.0
    Suppose libertarians could prove that durable, unqualified private property rights could be created through 'original acquisition' of unowned resources in a state of nature. Such a proof would cast serious doubt on the legitimacy of the modern state. It could also render the approach to property rights that I favour irrelevant. I argue here that none of the familiar Lockean-libertarian arguments for a strong natural right to acquisition succeed, and that any successful argument for grounding a right to acquire (...)
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  23. James R. O'Shea (2012). The 'Theory Theory' of Mind and the Aims of Sellars' Original Myth of Jones. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):175-204.score: 12.0
    Recent proponents of the ‘theory theory’ of mind often trace its roots back to Wilfrid Sellars’ famous ‘myth of Jones’ in his 1956 article, ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’. Sellars developed an account of the intersubjective basis of our knowledge of the inner mental states of both self and others, an account which included the claim that such knowledge is in some sense theoretical knowledge. This paper examines the nature of this claim in Sellars’ original account and its (...)
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  24. Marek Żukowski (2006). Separability of Quantum States Vs. Original Bell (1964) Inequalities. Foundations of Physics 36 (4):541-545.score: 12.0
    All separable states satisfy all Bell-type inequalities, which involve as their assumption only existence of local realistic (local hidden variable) models of the correlations of spatially separated systems, observed by two or more observers making independent decisions on what to measure (free will). The recent observation by Loubenets, that some separable states do not satisfy the original Bell inequality (1964) has no consequences whatsoever for the studies of the relation of separability with local realism. The original Bell inequality (...)
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  25. John Kilcullen, Rawls: Decisions in the Original Position.score: 12.0
    In the last lecture I talked first about the difference principle, and then about the original position and the intuitions that seem to have guided Rawls in constructing it. At the end I was saying that his intuitions about religion and morality are those of the small-l liberal, who wants a 'fair go' for diverse and conflicting philosophies of life. This leads to my next topic (still under the general heading of the Original Position), -.
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  26. Aldo Schiavello (2011). Neil MacCormick's Second Thoughts on Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory. A Defence of the Original View. Ratio Juris 24 (2):140-155.score: 12.0
    This paper offers a diachronic reconstruction of MacCormick's theory of law and legal argumentation: In particular, two related points will be highlighted in which the difference between the perspective upheld in Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory and the later writings is particularly marked. The first point concerns MacCormick's gradual break with legal positivism, and more specifically the thesis that the implicit pretension to justice of law proves legal positivism false in all its different versions. The second point concerns MacCormick's acceptance (...)
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  27. Mark Greenberg, The Meaning of Original Meaning.score: 12.0
    The view (most prominently advocated by Justice Scalia) that original meaning entails the constitutionality of original practices has strong intuitive appeal and has been broadly assumed by originalists and nonoriginalists alike. But the position is mistaken. We suggest that a failure to distinguish between two different notions of meaning accounts for the position's wide currency. According to the first notion, the meaning of a term is roughly what a dictionary definition attempts to convey--the semantic or linguistic understanding necessary (...)
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  28. Zhang Pengwei, Guo Qiyong & Wang Bei (2008). New Insight Into Mencius' Theory of the Original Goodness in Human Nature. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (1):27 - 38.score: 12.0
    In Mencius' theory of the original goodness in human nature, fate is the original source of xing (nature). Heart is the appearance of nature. There are two aspects to nature and heart: ti (form) and yong (function). From the perspective of form, nature is liangzhi (the goodness in conscience) and liangneng (the inborn ability to be good) in human beings and heart is human's conscience and original heart. From the perspective of function, nature is the four things (...)
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  29. Laurence Goldstein (2002). How Original a Work is the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus? Philosophy 77 (3):421-446.score: 12.0
    Wittgenstein's Tractatus is widely regarded as a masterpiece, a brilliant, if flawed attempt to achieve an ‘unassailable and definitive … final solution’ to a wide range of philosophical problems. Yet, in a 1931 notebook, Wittgenstein confesses: ‘I think there is some truth in my idea that I am really only reproductive in my thinking. I think I have never invented a line of thinking but that it was always provided for me by someone else’. This disarming self-assessment is, I believe (...)
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  30. Charles Muller, Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wonhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamadhi-Sutra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr.score: 12.0
    This is a review of the book Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wŏnhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamādhi-Sūtra , by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., published by the Univeristy of Hawaii Press (2008). This volume, the first to be published in the Collected Works of Wŏnhyo series, contains the translation of a single text by Wŏnhyo, the Kŭmgang Sammaegyŏng Non.
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  31. Simon Heans (2013). Original Sin or Original Sinfulness? A Comment. Heythrop Journal 54 (1):55-69.score: 12.0
    My purpose is to defend Augustine's doctrine of original sin against Joseph Fitzpatrick in his series of articles in New Blackfriars (July 2009–Jan 2010). I begin by arguing that Fitzpatrick's criticisms of it as psychologically inadequate fail because they do not take seriously enough the metaphysical structure of this doctrine, viz, creation from nothing. The second part begins with a critique of Fitzpatrick's interpretation of Genesis 3 and continues with a critical analysis of his proposed alternative to Augustine on (...)
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  32. Marina Čarnogurská (1998). Original Ontological Roots of Ancient Chinese Philosophy. Asian Philosophy 8 (3):203-213.score: 12.0
    Abstract This is a new attempt at an analysis of classical Chinese (Confucian) ethics which is still inappropriately explained by Western philosophy as a traditional normative ethical system. Special conditions of ancient Chinese anthropogeny and social and economic development gave rise in this cultural region to an original theory of being, which in modern terminology can be referred to as an ontological model of a fundamental Yin?Yang dialectic of a bipolar and non?homogeneous synergy of being. This theory of being (...)
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  33. James R. O'Shea (2012). 'The 'Theory Theory' of Mind and the Aims of Sellars' Original Myth of Jones'. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):175-204.score: 12.0
    Recent proponents of the ‘theory theory’ of mind often trace its roots back to Wilfrid Sellars’ famous ‘myth of Jones’ in his 1956 article, ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’. Sellars developed an account of the intersubjective basis of our knowledge of the inner mental states of both self and others, an account which included the claim that such knowledge is in some sense theoretical knowledge. This paper examines the nature of this claim in Sellars’ original account and its (...)
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  34. Niccolò Machiavelli (2010). The Prince: The Original Classic. Capstone Pub..score: 12.0
    This deluxe edition includes: Original commentary offering new research and analysis by self-help literature guru Tom Butler-Bowdon Ideas for how Machiavelli's ...
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  35. Katarina Perovic (forthcoming). The Import of the Original Bradley's Regress(Es). Axiomathes:1-20.score: 12.0
    Much of the recent metaphysical literature on the problem of the relational unity of complexes leaves the impression that Bradley (or some Bradleyan argument) has uncovered a serious problem to be addressed. The problem is thought to be particularly challenging for trope theorists and realists about universals. In truth, there has been little clarity about the nature and import of the original Bradley’s regress arguments. In this paper, I offer a careful analysis and reconstruction of the arguments in Bradley’s (...)
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  36. Russell Disilvestro (2005). Human Embryos in the Original Position? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (3):285 – 304.score: 12.0
    Two different discussions in John Rawls' A Theory of Justice lead naturally to a rather conservative position on the moral status of the human embryo. When discussing paternalism, he claims that the parties in the original position would seek to protect themselves in case they end up as incapacitated or undeveloped human beings when the veil of ignorance is lifted. Since human embryos are examples of such beings, the parties in the original position would seek to protect themselves (...)
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  37. Craig V. VanSandt, Mukesh Sud & Christopher Marmé (2009). Enabling the Original Intent: Catalysts for Social Entrepreneurship. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):419 - 428.score: 12.0
    As capitalist economies have shifted their primary focus from providing goods and services for all, to concentrating wealth at the top echelons of societies, social entrepreneurs have been one source of re-capturing the original intent of capitalism. Social entrepreneurs have combined the efficiency and effectiveness of business organizations with the social concerns of many non-profit and governmental agencies. As a result, social entrepreneurship is viewed as having significant potential for alleviating many of the social ills we now face. To (...)
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  38. Henrik Jøker Bjerre (2008). The Original Linguistic Accumulation. Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (5):537-555.score: 12.0
    This article represents an attempt at identifying a lack (of a lack) in analytic philosophy. It claims that one of the central features common to a variety of analytic philosophies is the absence of an investigation of what Jacques Lacan has identified as the lack of being ( manque à être ). This lacking lack is investigated through what could be termed a Lacanian intervention into one of the finest (relatively) recent products of the analytic tradition, Robert Brandom's Making It (...)
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  39. Caroline A. F. Rhys Davids (ed.) (1900/1975). A Buddhist Manual of Psychological Ethics of the Fourth Century B.C.: Being a Translation, Now Made for the First Time, From the Original Pali, of the First Book in the Abhidhamma Piṭaka, Entitled Dhamma-Sangaṇi (Compendium of States or Phenomena). Distributed by Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.score: 12.0
    Hesperides Press are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
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  40. Jeffrey Reid (2006). Hegel's Ontological Grasp of Judgement and the Original Dividing of Identity Into Difference. Dialogue 45 (1):29-43.score: 12.0
    Within Hegel’s system of science, judgement (Urteil) is thought’s original dividing from identity into difference. In the same context, judgement is also an act of predication where “subject” must be understood in both a grammatical and psychical sense. Thus, judgement expresses a language act that is a self-positing into the difference of being. This article looks at two examples where Hegel’s ontological notion of judgement obtains, then finds, the roots of this notion in Hölderlin and Fichte.Dans le système scientifique (...)
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  41. C. Jeffrey Kinlaw (2003). Schelling's Original Insight. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 77 (2):213-232.score: 12.0
    This paper concerns the way in which the transition from negative to positive philosophy is executed in Schelling’s critique of modern philosophy. Schelling’s original insight is that the transition occurs within negative philosophy by means of a twofold experience within philosophical reflection: (1) recognizing the failure of the idealist project of the conceptual determination of Being, and (2) the reversal of the idealist conception of the relation between concepts and their objects. I argue that Schelling uses a form of (...)
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  42. Andrew Norman (1997). Regress and the Doctrine of Epistemic Original Sin. Philosophical Quarterly 47 (189):477-494.score: 12.0
    Existing solutions to the epistemic regress problem, and the theories of justification built upon them, are inadequate, for they fail to diagnose the root source of the problem. The problem is rooted in our attachment to a pernicious dogma of modern epistemology: the idea that a judgement must be supported by some kind of reason or evidence to be justified. The epistemic analogue of the doctrine of original sin, this idea renders every judgement in need of redemption – guilty (...)
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  43. Daniel O'Shiel (2013). Drives as Original Facticity. Sartre Studies International 19 (1):1-15.score: 12.0
    By introducing 'drives' into a Sartrean framework, 'being-in-itself' is interpreted as 'Nature as such', wherein instincts dominate. Being-for-itself, on the contrary, has an ontological nature diametrically opposed to this former – indeed, in the latter realm, through a fundamental process of 'nihilation' (Sartre's 'freedom') consciousness perpetually flees itself by transcending towards the world. However, a kernel of (our) nihilated Nature is left at the heart of this process, in the form of 'original facticity' that we here name drives. Drives (...)
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  44. Wilson Herrera (2013). A constructivist interpretation of the Kantian principle of right and of the idea of the original contract. Ideas Y Valores 62:85-105.score: 12.0
    El propósito central de este artículo es hacer un análisis desde una perspectiva constructivista del concepto de derecho de dos de los principios más importantes de la filosofía política de Kant: el principio del derecho y la idea del contrato original. El texto comienza con una breve exposición de lo que significa el constructivismo kantiano. A continuación se hace un análisis del concepto de derecho y de los atributos que definen a la ciudadanía, a saber: la libertad, la igualdad (...)
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  45. Sofia Miguens (2003). Identidade Pessoal e Posição Original Rawlsiana. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 59 (1):139 - 170.score: 12.0
    Objectivo do presente artigo é, antes de mais, verificar qual a concepção de Identidade Pessoal na Posição Original pressuposta por Rawls em Uma Teoria da Justiça e também em Liberalismo Político. Embora Rawls defenda que a concepção de Identidade Pessoal de que a teoria da justiça necessita é neutra e abstracta, a autora do artigo procura, concretamente à luz da análise de três dimensões da Identidade Pessoal (cognitiva, metafisica e narrativa) na filosofia da mente e da acção, decidir se (...)
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  46. John T. Mullen (2007). Can Evolutionary Psychology Confirm Original Sin? Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):268-283.score: 12.0
    Christian responses to the developing field of evolutionary psychology tend to be defensive, focusing on the task of showing that Christians have not beenpresented with any reason to abandon any central beliefs of the Christian faith. A more positive response would seek to show that evolutionary psychologycan provide some sort of epistemic support for one or more distinctively Christian doctrines. This paper is an attempt to supply such a response by focusing on the distinctively Christian doctrine of original sin, (...)
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  47. David R. Schneider, EPR, Bell & Aspect: The Original References (in PDF Format).score: 12.0
    This page contains references to the key original papers on the longstanding debate about the completeness of Quantum Mechanics (QM), particularly Bell's Theorem. It is not intended to be a definitive collection or exposition on the matter. Quite the opposite, it is limited to the 3 essential papers in the series, which were written over a nearly 50 year time span. These amazing papers lay out a complex line of reasoning involving our fundamental understanding of reality in the physical (...)
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  48. Jeremiah L. Alberg (2001). Rousseau and the Original Sin. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 57 (4):773 - 790.score: 12.0
    It is a commonplace that Rousseau, with his theory of the natural goodness of human beings, rejected the doctrine of original sin. As is often the case with commonplaces, the truth contained therein stands in need of investigation. This paper will seek to show that Rousseau's dissatisfaction with the dogma stemmed more from its lack of explanatory power, than from any supposed contradiction with the theory of natural goodness. Further, this rejection is part of a larger rejection of the (...)
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  49. T. E. Burke (1974). Can Philosophy Be Original? Inquiry 17 (1-4):193 – 211.score: 12.0
    To what extent does the fact that a philosopher, in order to communicate, is constrained to use the same language and the same concepts as other members of his society, inhibit him from developing genuinely original modes of thought? Section I of this paper outlines arguments for the view that any attempt at radical originality, of the kinds traditionally expected of philosophy, must involve misuse of these shared concepts. Section II, however, on the basis of an examination of what (...)
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