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Profile: Oscar Horta (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)
  1. Oscar Horta (2014). The Scope of the Argument From Species Overlap. Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1).
    The argument from species overlap has been widely used in the literature on animal ethics and speciesism. However, there has been much confusion regarding what the argument proves and what it does not prove, and regarding the views it challenges. This article intends to clarify these confusions, and to show that the name most often used for this argument (‘the argument from marginal cases’) reflects and reinforces these misunderstandings. The article claims that the argument questions not only those defences of (...)
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  2. Oscar Horta (2013). Animals, Moral Status Of. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
  3. Oscar Horta (2012). Motivación sin evaluación: definiendo la subjetividad moral. Dilemata 9:89-104.
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  4. Oscar Horta (2011). Betterness, Spectrum Cases and the Challenge to Transitivity in Axiology. Diacritica 25:125-137.
    Larry Temkin and Stuart Rachels have argued that the “_ is better than _” relation need not be transitive. In support of this claim, they have presented several spectrum cases towards which our actual preferences appear not to be transitive. In this paper I examine one of them, and explain that there are several solutions we may give to the problem of what is the best global option within the spectrum. I point out that these solutions do not depend on (...)
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  5. Oscar Horta (2011). La argumentación de Singer en Liberación animal: concepciones normativas, interés en vivir y agregacionismo. Diánoia 56 (67):65-85.
    Este artículo examina los presupuestos metodológicos, axiológicos y normativos en los que descansa la que posiblemente sea la obra más conocida de Peter Singer, Liberación animal. Se exploran las tensiones entre la posición normativa, de compromisos mínimos, que se intenta adoptar en esa obra, y las posiciones de Singer acerca del utilitarismo de las preferencias y el argumento de la reemplazabilidad. Se buscará elucidar en particular el modo en el que surgen tales tensiones al abordarse la consideración del agregacionismo y (...)
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  6. Oscar Horta (2010). Conexiones entre las concepciones de nuestra persistencia diacrónica Y de la temporalidad en axiología. Revista de Filosofía 66.
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  7. Oscar Horta (2010). Discrimination in Terms of Moral Exclusion. Theoria 76 (4):314-332.
    This article tries to define what discrimination is and to understand in particular detail its most important instances: those in which the satisfaction of interests is at stake. These cases of discrimination will be characterized in terms of deprivations of benefits. In order to describe and classify them we need to consider three different factors: the benefits of which discriminatees are deprived, the criteria according to which such benefits are denied or granted, and the justification that such deprivation of benefits (...)
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  8. Óscar Horta (2010). Interés en vivir y complejidad psicológica: un criterio transespecífico. Laguna 26:109-1222.
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  9. Oscar Horta (2010). Igualitarismo, igualación a la baja, antropocentrismo y valor de la vida. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 35 (1):133-152.
    Axiological egalitarianism claims that an outcome improves at least in some respect if the value it contains is more evenly distributed. In this paper I defend this form of egalitarianism and identify some of its corollaries. First, I consider and reject the levelling down objection. I then point out that egalitarianism casts doubt on the traditional view of the value of life in terms of maximization. Further, I argue that this theory also questions anthropocentric conceptions of value.
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  10. Óscar Horta (2010). La desconsideración de los animales no humanos en la bioética. Isegoría 43:671-686.
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  11. Oscar Horta (2010). The Ethics of the Ecology of Fear Against the Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift in the Aims of Intervention in Nature. Between the Species 13 (10):163-187.
    Humans often intervene in the wild for anthropocentric or environmental reasons. An example of such interventions is the reintroduction of wolves in places where they no longer live in order to create what has been called an “ecology of fear”, which is being currently discussed in places such as Scotland. In the first part of this paper I discuss the reasons for this measure and argue that they are not compatible with a nonspeciesist approach. Then, I claim that if we (...)
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  12. Oscar Horta (2010). Who Can Have Propositional Attitudes? Teorema 29 (2):55-68.
     
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  13. Oscar Horta (2010). What is Speciesism? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.
    In spite of the considerable literature nowadays existing on the issue of the moral exclusion of nonhuman animals, there is still work to be done concerning the characterization of the conceptual framework with which this question can be appraised. This paper intends to tackle this task. It starts by defining speciesism as the unjustified disadvantageous consideration or treatment of those who are not classified as belonging to a certain species. It then clarifies some common misunderstandings concerning what this means. Next, (...)
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  14. Oscar Horta (2009). El antropocentrismo y el argumento de los vínculos emocionales. Dilemata 1 (1).
    Nonhuman animals are routinarily used as resources for us to use. An important argument in the literature on the issue claims that this is justified because we are not attached to them by the emotional ties that bind us to other human beings. This line of reasoning is examined here and found to be faulty as regards both its factual and its normative assumptions. This implies that the burden of proof rests on the side of those who want to defend (...)
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  15. Óscar Horta (2009). El particularismo neowittgensteiniano y el rechazo de la teorización en ética. Contrastes 14 (1-2):141-157.
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