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Profile: Otávio Bueno (University of Miami)
Profile: Otavio Bueno (University of Miami)
  1. Jody Azzouni & Otavio Bueno, Critical Studies/Book Reviews 319.
    Ask a philosopher what a proof is, and you’re likely to get an answer hii empaszng one or another regimentationl of that notion in terms of a finite sequence of formalized statements, each of which is either an axiom or is derived from an axiom by certain inference rules. (Wecan call this the formal conception of proof) Ask a mathematician what a proof is, and you will rbbl poay get a different-looking answer. Instead of stressing a partic- l uar regimented (...)
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  2. Otávio Bueno, Book Symposium.
    Relativism and scepticism are often taken to be incompatible doctrines. After all, the relativist typically attempts to argue that there are no universal standards of assessment between different conceptual schemes – hence the slogan: everything is relative. The sceptic, in turn, is often portrayed as defending the view according to which knowledge is impossible – and thus we cannot even know that the relativist’s claim is true. Despite their incompatibility, both views are taken to be wrong, and for similar self-refuting (...)
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  3. Otavio Bueno, Interpreting Music: Beyond Platonism.
    Central to the philosophical understanding of music is the status of musical works. According to the Platonist, musical works are abstract objects; that is, they are not located in space or time, and we have no causal access to them. Moreover, only a particular physical occurrence of these musical works is instantiated when a performance ofthe latter takes place. But even if no performance ever took place, the Platonist insists, the musical work would still exist, since its existence is not (...)
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  4. Otavio Bueno, Outline of a Paraconsistent Category Theory.
    The aim of this paper is two-fold: (1) To contribute to a better knowledge of the method of the Argentinean mathematicians Lia Oubifia and Jorge Bosch to formulate category theory independently of set theory. This method suggests a new ontology of mathematical objects, and has a profound philosophical significance (the underlying logic of the resulting category theory is classical iirst—order predicate calculus with equality). (2) To show in outline how the Oubina-Bosch theory can be modified to give rise to a (...)
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  5. Otavio Bueno & Jour AZZOUNI, Critical Studies/Book Reviews 319.
    Ask a philosopher what a proof is, and you’re likely to get an answer hii empaszng one or another regimentationl of that notion in terms of a finite sequence of formalized statements, each of which is either an axiom or is derived from an axiom by certain inference rules. (Wecan call this the formal conception of proof) Ask a mathematician what a proof is, and you will rbbl poay get a different-looking answer. Instead of stressing a partic- l uar regimented (...)
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  6. Otávio Bueno & Mark Colyvan, Yablo's Paradox Rides Again: A Reply to Ketland.
    Yablo’s paradox is generated by the following (infinite) list of sentences (called the Yablo list): (s1) For all k > 1, sk is not true. (s2) For all k > 2, sk is not true. (s3) For all k > 3, sk is not true. . . . . . . . .
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  7. Otavio Bueno & Newton da Costa, Rationality, Inconsistency, and Partial Structures.
  8. Raffaella de Rosa & Otávio Bueno, ProtoSociology.
    Bibliografische Information Der Deutschen Bibliothek Die Deutsche Bibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Natio­ nal bibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://dnb. ddb.de abrufbar. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Das Werk einschließlich aller seiner Teile ist urheberrechtlich geschützt. Je de Ver­ wertung außerhalb der engen Grenzen des Urheberrechtsgesetzes ist ohne Zu­ stimmung der Zeitschirft und seines Herausgebers unzulässig und strafbar. Das gilt insbesondere für Vervielfältigungen, Über setzungen, Mikroverfil mungen und die Einspeisung und Verarbeitung in elektronischen Systemen.
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  9. Otávio Bueno & Peter Vickers (forthcoming). Is Science Inconsistent? Synthese:1-3.
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  10. Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2014). Modalism and Theoretical Virtues: Toward an Epistemology of Modality. Philosophical Studies:1-19.
    According to modalism, modality is primitive. In this paper, we examine the implications of this view for modal epistemology, and articulate a modalist account of modal knowledge. First, we discuss a theoretical utility argument used by David Lewis in support of his claim that there is a plurality of concrete worlds. We reject this argument, and show how to dispense with possible worlds altogether. We proceed to account for modal knowledge in modalist terms.
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  11. Adonai S. Sant’Anna & Otávio Bueno (2014). Sets and Functions in Theoretical Physics. Erkenntnis 79 (2):257-281.
    It is easy to show that in many natural axiomatic formulations of physical and even mathematical theories, there are many superfluous concepts usually assumed as primitive. This happens mainly when these theories are formulated in the language of standard set theories, such as Zermelo–Fraenkel’s. In 1925, John von Neumann created a set theory where sets are definable by means of functions. We provide a reformulation of von Neumann’s set theory and show that it can be used to formulate physical and (...)
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  12. Otávio Bueno (2013). Perception and Conception: Shaping Human Minds. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 6 (3):323-336.
    Perceptual experiences provide an important source of information about the world. It is clear that having the capacity of undergoing such experiences yields an evolutionary advantage. But why should humans have developed not only the ability of simply seeing, but also of seeing that something is thus and so? In this paper, I explore the significance of distinguishing perception from conception for the development of the kind of minds that creatures such as humans typically have. As will become clear, it (...)
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  13. Otávio Bueno, Christopher Menzel & Edward N. Zalta (2013). Worlds and Propositions Set Free. Erkenntnis:1-24.
    The authors provide an object-theoretic analysis of two paradoxes in the theory of possible worlds and propositions stemming from Russell and Kaplan. After laying out the paradoxes, the authors provide a brief overview of object theory and point out how syntactic restrictions that prevent object-theoretic versions of the classical paradoxes are justified philosophically. The authors then trace the origins of the Russell paradox to a problematic application of set theory in the definition of worlds. Next the authors show that an (...)
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  14. Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2013). Logical Constants: A Modalist Approach 1. Noûs 47 (1):1-24.
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  15. Otavio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2013). On Second-Order Logic. Noûs 47 (1).
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  16. Otávio Bueno (2012). Is Logic A Priori? The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):105-117.
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  17. Otávio Bueno (2012). Nominalism and the Application of Mathematics. Metascience 21 (2):301-304.
    Nominalism and the application of mathematics Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9653-6 Authors Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  18. Otávio Bueno (2012). Partial Truth and Visual Evidence. Principia 15 (2):249.
    Newton da Costa and Steven French have argued that the concept of partial truth plays an important role in our understanding of significant aspects of scientific practice: from the status of scientific theories through the understanding of inconsistency in science to the nature of induction (see da Costa and French 2003). In this paper, I use the concept of partial truth and the associated framework of partial structures to offer a formulation of the concept of visual evidence, and I examine (...)
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  19. Otávio Bueno (2012). Styles of Reasoning: A Pluralist View. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):657-665.
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  20. Otávio Bueno & Mark Colyvan (2012). Just What is Vagueness? Ratio 25 (1):19-33.
    We argue that standard definitions of ‘vagueness’ prejudice the question of how best to deal with the phenomenon of vagueness. In particular, the usual understanding of ‘vagueness’ in terms of borderline cases, where the latter are thought of as truth-value gaps, begs the question against the subvaluational approach. According to this latter approach, borderline cases are inconsistent (i.e., glutty not gappy). We suggest that a definition of ‘vagueness’ should be general enough to accommodate any genuine contender in the debate over (...)
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  21. Otávio Bueno, Steven French & James Ladyman (2012). Empirical Factors and Structure Transference: Returning to the London Account. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (2):95-104.
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  22. Otávio Bueno, Steven French & James Ladyman (2012). Models and Structures: Phenomenological and Partial. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 43 (1):43-46.
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  23. Otávio Bueno (2011). A evidência visual na ciência. Scientiae Studia 9 (2):267-290.
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  24. Otávio Bueno (2011). An Inferential Conception of the Application of Mathematics. Noûs 45 (2):345 - 374.
    A number of people have recently argued for a structural approach to accounting for the applications of mathematics. Such an approach has been called "the mapping account". According to this view, the applicability of mathematics is fully accounted for by appreciating the relevant structural similarities between the empirical system under study and the mathematics used in the investigation ofthat system. This account of applications requires the truth of applied mathematical assertions, but it does not require the existence of mathematical objects. (...)
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  25. Otávio Bueno (2011). Is the Pyrrhonist an Internalist? In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism. Brill. 126--179.
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  26. Otávio Bueno (2011). Structural Empiricism, Again. In. In Alisa Bokulich & Peter Bokulich (eds.), Scientific Structuralism. Springer Science+Business Media. 81--103.
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  27. Otávio Bueno (2011). When Physics and Biology Meet: The Nanoscale Case. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (2):180-189.
  28. Otavio Bueno & Steven French (2011). How Theories Represent. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (4):857-894.
    An account of scientific representation in terms of partial structures and partial morphisms is further developed. It is argued that the account addresses a variety of difficulties and challenges that have recently been raised against such formal accounts of representation. This allows some useful parallels between representation in science and art to be drawn, particularly with regard to apparently inconsistent representations. These parallels suggest that a unitary account of scientific and artistic representation is possible, and our article can be viewed (...)
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  29. Newton C. A. Da Costa & Otávio Bueno (2011). Remarks on Abstract Galois Theory. Manuscrito 34 (1):151-183.
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  30. Newton Ca Da Costa & Otávio Bueno (2011). Remarks on Abstract Galois Theory. Manuscrito 34 (1):151-183.
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  31. Don Howard, Bas van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause (2011). The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality. Metascience 20 (2):225-251.
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese 52, 50139 (...)
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  32. James Ladyman, Otávio Bueno, Mauricio Suárez & Bas van Fraassen (2011). Scientific Representation: A Long Journey From Pragmatics to Pragmatics. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (3):417-442.
    Scientific representation: A long journey from pragmatics to pragmatics Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9465-5 Authors James Ladyman, Department of Philosophy, University of Bristol, 9 Woodland Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TB UK Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Mauricio Suárez, Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Journal Metascience Online (...)
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  33. Darrell P. Rowbottom & Otávio Bueno (2011). How to Change It: Modes of Engagement, Rationality, and Stance Voluntarism. Synthese 178 (1):7-17.
    We have three goals in this paper. First, we outline an ontology of stance, and explain the role that modes of engagement and styles of reasoning play in the characterization of a stance. Second, we argue that we do enjoy a degree of control over the modes of engagement and styles of reasoning we adopt. Third, we contend that maximizing one’s prospects for change (within the framework of other constraints, e.g., beliefs, one has) also maximizes one’s rationality.
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  34. Darrell P. Rowbottom & Otávio Bueno (2011). Stance and Rationality: A Perspective. Synthese 178 (1):1-5.
    We offer an overview of some ways of examining the connections between stance and rationality, by surveying recent work on four central topics: (a) the very idea of a stance, (b) the relations between stances and voluntarism, (c) the metaphysics and epistemology that emerge once stances are brought to center stage, and (d) the role that emotions and phenomenology play in the empirical stance.
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  35. Fernando Tohmé, Claudio Delrieux & Otávio Bueno (2011). Defeasible Reasoning + Partial Models: A Formal Framework for the Methodology of Research Programs. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 16 (1):47-65.
    In this paper we show that any reasoning process in which conclusions can be both fallible and corrigible can be formalized in terms of two approaches: (i) syntactically, with the use of defeasible reasoning, according to which reasoning consists in the construction and assessment of arguments for and against a given claim, and (ii) semantically, with the use of partial structures, which allow for the representation of less than conclusive information. We are particularly interested in the formalization of scientific reasoning, (...)
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  36. Otávio Bueno (2010). A Defense of Second-Order Logic. Axiomathes 20 (2-3):365-383.
    Second-order logic has a number of attractive features, in particular the strong expressive resources it offers, and the possibility of articulating categorical mathematical theories (such as arithmetic and analysis). But it also has its costs. Five major charges have been launched against second-order logic: (1) It is not axiomatizable; as opposed to first-order logic, it is inherently incomplete. (2) It also has several semantics, and there is no criterion to choose between them (Putnam, J Symbol Logic 45:464–482, 1980 ). Therefore, (...)
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  37. Otávio Bueno (2010). Davison on Skepticism: How Not to Respond to the Skeptic. Principia 9 (1-2):1-18.
    In his defense of a coherence theory of truth and knowledge, Donald Davidson insists that (i) we must take the objects of a belief to be the causes of that belief, and (ii) given the nature of beliefs, most of our beliefs are veridical. As result, a response to skepticism is provided. If most of our beliefs turn out to be true, global skepticism is ultimately incoherent. In this paper, I argue that, despite the many attractions that a coherence theory (...)
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  38. Otávio Bueno (2010). Hetherington, Stephen, Ed., Epistemology Futures , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006, X + 241, Us$54.00 (Cloth). Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):181 – 183.
  39. Otávio Bueno (2010). Models and Scientific Representations. In P. D. Magnus & Jacob Busch (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Science. Palgrave Macmillan. 94--111.
  40. Otávio Bueno (2010). Structuralism and Information. Metaphilosophy 41 (3):365-379.
    Abstract: According to Luciano Floridi (2008) , informational structural realism provides a framework to reconcile the two main versions of realism about structure: the epistemic formulation (according to which all we can know is structure) and the ontic version (according to which structure is all there is). The reconciliation is achieved by introducing suitable levels of abstraction and by articulating a conception of structural objects in information-theoretic terms. In this essay, I argue that the proposed reconciliation works at the expense (...)
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  41. Otávio Bueno (2010). Philosophy of Logic. In Fritz Allhoff (ed.), Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  42. Otávio Bueno & Décio Krause (2010). Scientific Theories, Models, and the Semantic Approach. Principia 11 (2):187-201.
    According to the semantic view, a theory is characterized by a class of models. In this paper, we examine critically some of the assumptions that underlie this approach. First, we recall that models are models of something. Thus we cannot leave completely aside the axiomatization of the theories under consideration, nor can we ignore the metamathematics used to elaborate these models, for changes in the metamathematics often impose restrictions on the resulting models. Second, based on a parallel between van Fraassen’s (...)
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  43. Newton Costdaa & Otávio Bueno (2010). Paraconsistent Logic. In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  44. Newton C. A. da Costa, Décio Krause & Otávio Bueno, Issues in the Foundations of Science, I: Languages, Structures, and Models.
    In this first paper of a series of works on the foundations of science, we examine the significance of logical and mathematical frameworks used in foundational studies. In particular, we emphasize the distinction between the order of a language and the order of a structure to prevent confusing models of scientific theories (as set-theoretical structures) with first-order structures (called here order-1 structures), and which are studied in standard (first-order) model theory. All of us are, of course, bound to make abuses (...)
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  45. Newton da Costa & Otávio Bueno (2010). Paraconsistent Logic. In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  46. Decio Krause & Otavio Bueno, Ontological Issues in Quantum Theory.
    In this paper, we examine the concept of particle as it appears in quantum field theories (QFT), focusing on a puzzling situation regarding this concept. Although quantum ‘particles’ arise from fields, which form the basic ontology of QFT, and thus a certain concept of ‘particle’ is al- ways available, the properties ascribed to such ‘particles’ are not completely in agreement with the mathematical and logical description of such fields, which should be taken as individuals.
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  47. Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.) (2010). A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This comprehensive collection of original essays written by an international group of scholars addresses the central themes in Latin American philosophy.
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  48. Otávio Bueno (2009). Functional Beauty: Some Applications, Some Worries. Philosophical Books 50 (1):47-54.
  49. Otavio Bueno (2009). Fitch's Paradox and the Philosophy of Mathematics. In Joe Salerno (ed.), New Essays on the Knowability Paradox. Oxford University Press.
  50. Otávio Bueno (2009). Models of Reduction. Principia 13 (3):269-282.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1808-1711.2009v13n3p269 Neste artigo, examino três modelos de redução. O primeiro, e mais restritivo, foi desenvolvido por Ernest Nagel como parte do programa empirista lógico. O segundo, articulado por Jerry Fodor, embora sendo significativamente mais amplo, é incapaz de dar sentido a uma característica saliente da prática científica. O terceiro modelo, que é também o mais condescendente, é desenvolvido empregando-se a abordagem baseada em estruturas parciais proposta por Newton da Costa e Steven French. Argumento que este terceiro modelo preserva os benefícios (...)
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