Search results for 'Ozone layer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Maureen Christie (2001). Ozone Layer: A Philosophy of Science Perspective. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    The Ozone Layer: A Philosophy of Science Perspective provides the first thorough and accessible history of stratospheric ozone, from the discovery of ozone in the nineteenth century to current investigations of the Antarctic ozone hole. Drawing directly on the extensive scientific literature, Christie uses the story of ozone as a case study for examining fundamental issues relating to the collection and evaluation of evidence, the conduct of scientific debate and the construction of scientific consensus. (...)
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  2. Paul Needham (2003). Maureen Christie: The Ozone Layer. A Philosophy of Science Perspective. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 5 (3):253-261.score: 150.0
  3. Edward Boyes, Martin Stanisstreet & Vasso Spiliotopoulou Papantoniou (1999). The Ideas of Greek High School Students About the “Ozone Layer”. Science Education 83 (6):724-737.score: 150.0
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  4. Jeffrey P. Cohn (1987). Chlorofluorocarbons and the Ozone Layer. BioScience 37 (9):647-650.score: 150.0
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  5. Gérard Mégie & Robert McGinn (2006). From Stratospheric Ozone to Climate Change: Historical Perspective on Precaution and Scientific Responsibility. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (4):596-606.score: 72.0
    The issue of the impact of human activities on the stratospheric ozone layer emerged in the early 1970s. But international regulations to mitigate the most serious effects were not adopted until the mid-1980s. This case holds lessons for addressing more complex environmental problems. Concepts that should inform discussion include “latency,’ ‘counter-factual scenario based on the Precautionary Principle,’ ‘inter-generational burden sharing,’ and ‘estimating global costs under factual and counter-factual regulatory scenarios.’ Stringent regulations were adopted when large scientific uncertainty existed, (...)
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  6. Nico Schrijver & Vid Prislan (2009). From Mare Liberum to the Global Commons: Building on the Grotian Heritage. Grotiana 30 (1):168-206.score: 60.0
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  7. Nico Schrijver & Vid Prislan (2009). From Mare Liberum to the Global Commons: Building on the Grotian Heritage. Grotiana 30 (1):168-206.score: 60.0
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  8. Richard P. Mullin (2002). What Can Be Learned From DuPont and the Freon Ban: A Case Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 40 (3):207 - 218.score: 42.0
    Between 1974 and 1988, executives of DuPont, the world's largest producer of CFCs, were confronted with emerging evidence that CFCs were destroying the stratospheric ozone layer. The difficulty that executives face in such cases is that scientific knowledge develops over time and does not necessarily proceed in a straight line toward true conclusions. At the beginning of a new field of research, there is much uncertainty and disagreement among the experts. The solution of the ozone problem required (...)
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  9. Amihud Gilead (2014). Pure Possibilities and Some Striking Scientific Discoveries. Foundations of Chemistry 16 (2):149-163.score: 30.0
    Regardless or independent of any actuality or actualization and exempt from spatiotemporal and causal conditions, each individual possibility is pure. Actualism excludes the existence of individual pure possibilities, altogether or at least as existing independently of actual reality. In this paper, I demonstrate, on the grounds of my possibilist metaphysics—panenmentalism—how some of the most fascinating scientific discoveries in chemistry could not have been accomplished without relying on pure possibilities and the ways in which they relate to each other (for instance, (...)
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  10. Nicholas Maxwell (2007). Can the World Learn Wisdom? Solidarity, Sustainability, and Non-Violence 3 (4).score: 30.0
    The crisis of our times is that we have science without wisdom. This is the crisis behind all the others. Population growth, the terrifyingly lethal character of modern war and terrorism, immense differences of wealth across the globe, annihilation of indigenous people, cultures and languages, impending depletion of natural resources, destruction of tropical rain forests and other natural habitats, rapid mass extinction of species, pollution of sea, earth and air, thinning of the ozone layer, above all global warming (...)
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  11. Ragnar Fjelland (2002). Facing the Problem of Uncertainty. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):155-169.score: 30.0
    In a certain sense, uncertainty andignorance have been recognized in science andphilosophy from the time of the Greeks.However, the mathematical sciences have beendominated by the pursuit of certainty.Therefore, experiments under simplified andidealized conditions have been regarded as themost reliable source of knowledge. Normally,uncertainty could be ignored or controlled byapplying probability theory and statistics.Today, however, the situation is different.Uncertainty and ignorance have moved intofocus. In particular, the global character ofsome environmental problems has shown that theproblems cannot be disregarded. Therefore,scientists and technologists (...)
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  12. Manuel Velasquez (1992). International Business, Morality, and the Common Good. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (1):27-40.score: 30.0
    The author sets out a realist defense of the claim that in the absence of an international enforcement agency, multinational corporations operating in a competitive international environment cannot be said to have a moral obligation to contribute to the international common good, provided that interactions are nonrepetitive and provided effective signals of agent reliability are not possible. Examples of international common goods that meet these conditions are support of the global ozone layer and avoidance of the global greenhouse (...)
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  13. David B. Morris (2002). Light as Environment: Medicine, Health, and Values. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (1):7-29.score: 30.0
    Light is strangely absent from most accounts of the environment. From photosynthesis to vitamin D, however, light is central to human well-being. Human circadian rhythms are keyed the alternation of dark and light. Erosion of the ozone layer makes skin cancer a growing threat from excess ultraviolet radiation. Light plays a significant role in health and illness. In changing historical circumstances, light continues to evoke and to express significant issues of value.
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  14. Paul G. Layer (1990). Cholinesterases Preceding Major Tracts in Vertebrate Neurogenesis. Bioessays 12 (9):415-420.score: 30.0
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  15. Lydia N. Yu-Jose (2004). Global Environmental Issues: Responses From Japan. Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):23-50.score: 30.0
    The timing of the Japanese Government's acceptance of the United Nations multilateral treaties governing several environmental concerns indicates Japan's priorities: biodiversity, global warming, and depletion of the ozone layer. Banning transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is the least prioritized, as indicated by Japan's failure to accept the Ban Amendment to the Basel Convention. The Japanese Environment Agency's policy statements and budget allocations between 1985 and 2000, as well as other official statements and programs, likewise indicate the same priorities. (...)
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  16. Richard E. Pastore, Robert J. Logan & Jody Kaplan Layer (1989). Continuous and Discrete Models and Measures of Speech Events. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):772.score: 30.0
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  17. Michael C. Morris (2006). The Ethics and Politics of the Caged Layer Hen Debate in New Zealand. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (5):495-514.score: 21.0
    Changes in attitudes toward animal welfare, with a greater emphasis on the importance of allowing animals to express normal patterns of behavior has led to an examination of the practice of keeping hens in battery cages. There is widespread scientific consensus that the conditions of confinement and the barren nature of battery cages severely restrict hens’ behavioral repertoire, and are thus detrimental to their welfare. The New Zealand Animal Welfare Act 1999, stipulates that animals must have “the opportunity to display (...)
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  18. Alexander Paseau (2010). Defining Ultimate Ontological Basis and the Fundamental Layer. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):169-175.score: 18.0
    I explain why Ross Cameron's definition of ultimate ontological basis is incorrect, and propose a different definition in terms of ontological dependence, as well as a definition of reality's fundamental layer. These new definitions cover the conceptual possibility that self-dependent entities exist. They also apply to different conceptions of the relation of ontological dependence.
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  19. C. Kenneth Waters, Beyond Theoretical Reduction and Layer-Cake Antireduction: How DNA Retooled Genetics and Transformed Biological Practice.score: 18.0
    Watson and Crick’s discovery of the structure of DNA led to developments that transformed many biological sciences. But what were the relevant developments and how did they transform biology? Much of the philosophical discussion concerning this question can be organized around two opposing views: theoretical reductionism and layer-cake antireductionism. Theoretical reductionist and their anti-reductionist foes hold two assumptions in common. First, both hold that biological knowledge is structured like a layer cake, with some biological sciences, such as molecular (...)
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  20. David Lauer (2012). Expressivism and the Layer Cake Picture of Discursive Practice. Philosophia 40 (1):55-73.score: 18.0
    Robert Brandom defends the intelligibility of the notion of a fully discursive practice that does not include any kind of logical vocabulary. Logical vocabulary, according to his account, should be understood as an optional extra to discursive practice, not as a necessary ingredient. Call this the Layer Cake Picture of the relation of logical to non-logical discursive practices. The aim pursued in this paper is to show, by way of an internal critique, that the Layer Cake Picture is (...)
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  21. Barry Smith, Lowell Vizenor & James Schoening (2009). Universal Core Semantic Layer. In Ontology for the Intelligence Community, Proceedings of the Third OIC Conference. CEUR, vol. 555. 1-5.score: 18.0
    The Universal Core (UCore) is a central element of the National Information Sharing Strategy that is supported by multiple U.S. Federal Government Departments, by the intelligence community, and by a number of other national and international institutions. The goal of the UCore initiative is to foster information sharing by means of an XML schema providing consensus representations for four groups of universally understood terms under the headings who, what, when, and where. We here describe a project to create an ontology-based (...)
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  22. Linda Furey & Julian Paul Keenan (2008). The Neural Underpinnings of Self and Other and Layer 2 of the Shared Circuits Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):25-26.score: 18.0
    Differentiating self from other has been investigated at the neural level, and its incorporation into the model proposed Hurley is necessary for the model to be complete. With an emphasis on the feed-forward model in layer 2, we examine the role that self and other disruptions, including auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), may have in expanding the model proposed by Hurley.
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  23. Frank Scholze (2008). Internationalisation of Information Services for Publishers' Open Access Policies: The DINI Multilingual Integration Layer. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):19-.score: 18.0
    It is essential for the strategy of open access self-archiving that scientific authors are given comprehensive information on publisher copyright policies. DINI, the German Initiative for Networked Information, has developed a German (and potentially multilingual) interface to the English SHERPA/RoMEO service to provide additional information on German publishers' open access policies. As a next step, this interface was enhanced to an integration layer combining different sources on publisher copyright policies. This integration layer can be used in many different (...)
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  24. Motoaki Sugiura (2013). Associative Account of Self-Cognition: Extended Forward Model and Multi-Layer Structure. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    The neural correlates of “self” identified by neuroimaging studies differ depending on which aspects of self are addressed. Here, three categories of self are proposed based on neuroimaging findings and an evaluation of the likely underlying cognitive processes. The physical self, representing self-agency of action, body ownership, and bodily self-recognition, is supported by the sensory and motor association cortices located primarily in the right hemisphere. The interpersonal self, representing the attention or intentions of others directed at the self, is supported (...)
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  25. Marc Lange (2000). Salience, Supervenience, and Layer Cakes in Sellars's Scientific Realism, McDowell's Moral Realism, and the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophical Studies 101 (2-3):213-251.score: 15.0
  26. Gary S. Insch, Nancy McIntyre & Nancy K. Napier (2008). The Expatriate Glass Ceiling: The Second Layer of Glass. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (1):19 - 28.score: 15.0
    The corporate glass ceiling continues to be a challenge for many organizations. However, women executives may be facing a second pane of obstruction – an expatriate glass ceiling – that prevents them from receiving the foreign management assignments and experience that is becoming increasing critical for promotion to upper management. The responsibility to break the expatriate glass ceiling lies with both female managers and the multinational corporations that utilize expatriates. In this paper, we propose pre-assignment, on-assignment, and post-assignment strategies for (...)
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  27. Arnold J. Mandell & Karen A. Selz (2001). Network Stabilization on Unstable Manifolds: Computing with Middle Layer Transients. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):822-823.score: 15.0
    Studies have failed to yield definitive evidence for the existence and/or role of well-defined chaotic attractors in real brain systems. Tsuda's transients stabilized on unstable manifolds of unstable fixed points using mechanisms similar to Ott's algorithmic “control of chaos” are demonstrable. Grebogi's order in preserving “strange nonchaotic” attractor with fractal dimension but Lyapounov is suggested for neural network tasks dependent on sequence.
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  28. Norbert Steinkamp & Bert Gordijn (2001). The Two-Layer Model of Clinical Ethics and a Training Program for the Malteser Hospital Association. HEC Forum 13 (3):242-254.score: 15.0
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  29. Engel Andreas (2011). Layer Dependent Visual Receptive Field Properties in Ferret Superior Colliculus. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 15.0
  30. Lei Ding, Simon Dennis & Dennis N. Mehay (2009). A Single Layer Network Model of Sentential Recursive Patterns. In. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 461--466.score: 15.0
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  31. John S. Mattick (2003). Challenging the Dogma: The Hidden Layer of Non-Protein-Coding RNAs in Complex Organisms. Bioessays 25 (10):930-939.score: 15.0
    The central dogma of biology holds that genetic information normally flows from DNA to RNA to protein. As a consequence it has been generally assumed that genes generally code for proteins, and that proteins fulfil not only most structural and catalytic but also most regulatory functions, in all cells, from microbes to mammals. However, the latter may not be the case in complex organisms. A number of startling observations about the extent of non-protein-coding RNA (ncRNA) transcription in the higher eukaryotes (...)
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  32. Eugene J. Szymkowiak (1995). Does Flo Flow? Cell Layer Interactions During Floral Development. Bioessays 17 (5):387-390.score: 15.0
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  33. David Bloor, Scepticism and the Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge. The Case of the Boundary-Layer.score: 15.0
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  34. Velio Bocci (1998). Is Ozone Therapy Therapeutic? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (1):131.score: 15.0
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  35. Daniel G. Costa & Sergio Vianna Fialho (2009). MobSIP: A SIP Extension to Support Application Layer Handover in Realtime Multimedia Communications with Mobility Requirements. Scientia 20 (2):119-128.score: 15.0
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  36. Simon Dennis & D. Mehay (2008). A Single Layer Network Model of Center Embedding and Heirarchical Phrase Structure in Sentence Processing. In. In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.score: 15.0
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  37. Sayed Z. El-Sayed (1990). Covering Up the Ozone Hole Ozone Crisis: The 15-Year Evolution of a Sudden Global Ozone Crisis Sharon L. Roan. BioScience 40 (6):462-463.score: 15.0
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  38. Sayed Z. El-Sayed (1990). Covering Up the Ozone Hole. BioScience 40 (6):462-463.score: 15.0
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  39. John Gaito (1976). An Attempt to Identify the Interanimal Retardation Factor in the Kindling Effect by Thin Layer Chromatography. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):208-210.score: 15.0
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  40. Frank S. Gilliam (2007). The Ecological Significance of the Herbaceous Layer in Temperate Forest Ecosystems. BioScience 57 (10):845-858.score: 15.0
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  41. M. Gluck & G. Bower (1989). Representation and Similarity in Single-Layer and Multi-Layer Adaptive Networks. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):495-495.score: 15.0
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  42. H. Grüneberg (1938). Structural Variations of the Human Iris and Their Heredity, with Special Reference to the Frontal Boundary Layer. The Eugenics Review 30 (3):211.score: 15.0
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  43. José Huertas-Jourda (1973). The Genetic Constitution of Reality From the Innermost Layer of the Consciousness of Time. Philosophy and Social Criticism 1 (1):225-250.score: 15.0
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  44. Neerja Jaiswal (2008). The Ozone Hole: An Environmental Concern of Modern Times. In Kuruvila Pandikattu (ed.), Dancing to Diversity: Science-Religion Dialogue in India. Serials Publications. 110.score: 15.0
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  45. A. J. Mandell & K. A. Selz (2001). Toward an Interpretation of Dynamic Neural Activity in Terms of Chaotic Dynamical Systems-Open Peer Commentary-Network Stabilization on Unstable Manifolds: Computing with Middle Layer Transients. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):822-822.score: 15.0
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  46. W. Moeckel, J. Roehrenbeck & J. Ammermueller (1996). Information Processing in the Outer Retina: Interactions Between Electric Coupling and Dendritic Overlap in the Horizontal Cell Layer. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. 114-114.score: 15.0
     
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  47. M. Pavel, Ma Gluck & V. Henkle (1989). Multi-Layer Adaptive Network Models and Human Generalization. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):495-496.score: 15.0
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  48. V. Saljnikov, Z. Boričić & D. Nikodijević (1997). Parametric Method in Unsteady MHD Boundary Layer Theory of Fluid with Variable Electroconductivity. Facta Universitatis 2 (7/2):331-340.score: 15.0
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  49. W. Schindler David (1998). A Dim Future for Boreal Waters and Landscapes. Cumulative Effects of Climatic Warming, Stratospheric Ozone Depletion, Acid Precipitation, and Other Human Activities. BioScience 48:157-164.score: 15.0
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  50. L. Schöne & H. Herrmann (2013). Kinetic Measurements on the Reactivity of Hydrogen Peroxide and Ozone Towards Small Atmospherically Relevant Aldehydes, Ketones and Organic Acids in Aqueous Solution. Substance 2:O3.score: 15.0
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